Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 4, Number 4
January 24, 2005

Physical sciences and technology

Titan
Giant galactic blobs
Subduction-zone earthquakes
Thin-film electronic materials
Bionics
Brain interfaces
Planetary system development
Ancient climate change
Dark matter in galaxy clusters
Dwarf galaxy with large gas disk
Black holes
Milky Way's center
Carbon nanotubes
Permian-Triassic mass extinction
Galaxy mergers

Life sciences

MicroRNA
Cancer
Gene synthesis
Notch gene pathway
Technique for studying gene regulation
Parkinson's disease
Stem cells
Diabetes
Infant language comprehension
Disease-related genetic variation
Systems microbiology
Y chromosome
Early hominids
Campylobacter virulence
Fast food, obesity, and insulin resistance
Vegetarian diet and hypertension
Prions
RNA editing
Alzheimer's disease
Malaria
Gender differences in human brains
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer and diet
Protein folding software
Neuroprotective protein


Titan

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Huygens sends postcards and sounds from Titan
  2. January 17, 2005 - Titan mission 'resounding success'
  3. January 17, 2005 - Titan photos delight scientists
  4. January 17, 2005 - Huygens finds solid ground on Titan
  5. January 18, 2005 - Nitrogen-rich world near Saturn unveiled
  6. January 18, 2005 - Saturn Probe Landed in Titan Mud
  7. January 18, 2005 - Latest Titan pictures show details of geography
  8. January 19, 2005 - Huygens Data Lifting Veil on Titan
  9. January 19, 2005 - Saturn probe plops into mud
  10. January 21, 2005 - Methane rivers and rain shape Titan's surface
  11. January 21, 2005 - Methane rain feeds Titan's rivers
  12. January 21, 2005 - Titan's Streams Like Earth's
  13. January 21, 2005 - Titan reveals methane rain and rocks of water
  14. January 24, 2005 - Seeing, Touching And Smelling The Extraordinarily Earth-like World Of Titan
Background


Giant galactic blobs

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - New Clues Found In Ongoing Mystery Of Giant Galactic Blobs
Background


Subduction-zone earthquakes

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - 'Clusters' Of Earthquakes Yield An Ominous Scenario
Background


Thin-film electronic materials

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Advance In Transparent Electronics Could Spawn New Industry
Background


Bionics

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Micromachine grows its own muscles
  2. January 17, 2005 - 'Living' robots powered by muscle
Background


Brain interfaces

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Devices controlled by thought move closer
Background


Planetary system development

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Spitzer Sees Dusty Aftermath Of Pluto-Sized Collision
Background


Ancient climate change

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Antarctic Iced Over When Greenhouse Gases -- Not Ocean Currents -- Shifted
Background


Dark matter in galaxy clusters

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - Substructure Maps Show That Dark Matter Clumps In Galaxies
Background


Dwarf galaxy with large gas disk

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - Dwarf Galaxy Has Giant Surprise: Huge Gas Disk May Be Similar To Stuff Of Early Universe
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - Good News From Big Bad Black Holes
Background


Milky Way's center

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - See-through Galaxy: Revealing The Milky Way's Center
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. January 21, 2005 - Carbon Nanotube 'Shock Absorbers' Excel At Dampening Vibration
Background


Permian-Triassic mass extinction

References:
  1. January 21, 2005 - Life smothered in Earth's worst extinction
  2. January 21, 2005 - Extinction Tied to Global Warming
  3. January 23, 2005 - New Evidence Indicates Biggest Extinction Wasn't Caused By Asteroid Or Comet
Background


Galaxy mergers

References:
  1. January 23, 2005 - New view of distant colliding galaxies captured by Keck laser system
Background


MicroRNA

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Gene control hits new level
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Study Of Hypoxia And New Gene Reveals Early-stage Action Of P53 Tumor Suppressor Gene
  2. January 18, 2005 - Technology That Could Double The Effectiveness Of Cancer Drugs Studied
  3. January 19, 2005 - Researchers Find Evidence That Progesterone Signaling Influences Ovarian Cancer Risk
  4. January 19, 2005 - Scientists Study How Cancer Cells Get Out Of Control
  5. January 20, 2005 - New tests identify cancer "ringleaders"
  6. January 20, 2005 - Scientists identify a single 'master' gene that seems to turn on cancer-causing action of other errant genes
  7. January 21, 2005 - Researchers Tease Out One Critical Role Of Tumor-suppressor Gene
  8. January 22, 2005 - Mitochondrial DNA Mutations Play Significant Role In Prostate Cancer
Background


Gene synthesis

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Inexpensive, Mass-produced Genes At Core Of Synthetic Biology Advances
Background


Notch gene pathway

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - Bound For Destruction: Ubiquitination Protects Against Improper Notch Signaling
Background


Technique for studying gene regulation

References:
  1. January 17, 2005 - New Technique For Tracking Gene Regulators May Help Decipher Regulator Proteins' Roles In Cell Differentiation, Cancer, And More
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Scientists confirm presence of gene mutation in some patients and hope that by determining its role they can develop new tests, treatments
  2. January 21, 2005 - Scientists Detect Probable Genetic Cause Of Some Parkinson's Disease Cases
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Transplantation Of Monkey Embryonic Stem Cells Reverses Parkinson Disease In Primates
  2. January 23, 2005 - Study Tests Bone Marrow Stem Cells To Improve Circulation In Legs
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Youth Fitness Linked To Diabetes Risk
  2. January 19, 2005 - Elevated Glucose Levels And Diabetes Are Associated With Increased Risk For Cancer
Background


Infant language comprehension

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Baby Talk: Infants Have Much To Say If Adults Will Only Listen
Background


Disease-related genetic variation

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - New Method Simplifies Search For Genetic Changes Associated With Disease
Background


Systems microbiology

References:
  1. January 18, 2005 - Systems Microbiology Has Great Scientific Promise In Health And Environment
Background


Y chromosome

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - Y chromosome reveals hidden sequence
Background


Early hominids

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - Amazing hominid haul in Ethiopia
  2. January 20, 2005 - Fossils shed light on dawn of humanity
  3. January 21, 2005 - Anthropologists Find 4.5 Million-year-old Hominid Fossils In Ethiopia
Background


Campylobacter virulence

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - Genome Comparison Of Four Campylobacter Strains Yields New Genetic Markers And Clues To Virulence
Background


Fast food, obesity, and insulin resistance

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - 15-year Study Shows Strong Link Between Fast Food, Obesity And Insulin Resistance
Background


Vegetarian diet and hypertension

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - New Study Reveals Treatment For 'Silent Killer' Using Diet, Not Drugs
Background


Prions

References:
  1. January 19, 2005 - Blocking Cell Suicide Switch Fails To Stop Prion Damage In Mouse Brains
Background


RNA editing

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - Human Complexity And Diversity Spring From A Surprisingly Few (Relatively Speaking) Genes
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - Mouse experiment on clearing of brain plaques may offer hope in Alzheimer's research
  2. January 22, 2005 - Alzheimer brain damage 'reversed'
  3. January 23, 2005 - Scan to reveal brain disease clue
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - Scientists Reveal Molecular Secrets Of The Malaria Parasite
Background


Gender differences in human brains

References:
  1. January 20, 2005 - Intelligence In Men And Women Is A Gray And White Matter
  2. January 22, 2005 - Intelligence In Men And Women Is A Gray And White Matter
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. January 21, 2005 - Running Rats Reveal Cardiovascular Risk Factors
Background


Cancer and diet

References:
  1. January 22, 2005 - Plant diets can ward off cancer
Background, Background


Protein folding software

References:
  1. January 22, 2005 - 'Rosetta' Software To Unlock Secrets Of Many Human Proteins
Background


Neuroprotective protein

References:
  1. January 22, 2005 - Protective Protein May Hold Key To Halting Progression Of Neurological Diseases
Background


Copyright © 2005 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved