Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 4, Number 23
June 6, 2005

Physical sciences and technology

Gamma-ray bursts
Large Milky Way star cluster
Gravitational waves
Star formation
FPGA supercomputers
Galactic structure
Very high-energy gamma-ray sources
Earthquake prediction
Spintronics
Satellite measurement of climate change
Hadean era geologic conditions
Universe simulation
Very early stars
Martian water, methane
Single-molecule transistor
Nanotechnology
Ocean warming
Quantum dot optoelectronics

Life sciences

The immune system
Brain-imaging studies
Cancer
Stem cells
Diet and longevity
Genetic change and evolution
Oxytocin and trust
Gene therapy
Angiogenesis inhibitors
Viruses and RNA interference
RNA quality control
Polyglutamylation of microtubles
Avian flu
Survivability of terrestrial microbes on Mars
Obesity and health
Location of long-term autobiographical memory


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - Double Whammy: Cosmic Fireworks Explained
Background


Large Milky Way star cluster

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - Monster Super Star Cluster Discovered In Milky Way
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - NASA sees orbiting stars flooding space with gravitational waves
  2. June 1, 2005 - Astronomers find best gravitational wave prospect
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - Carina Nebula dust pillars harbor embedded stars, says research team
  2. May 31, 2005 - Stellar Tantrums Beget More Stars
Background


FPGA supercomputers

References:
  1. May 31, 2005 - Self-wiring supercomputer is cool and compact
Background


Galactic structure

References:
  1. May 31, 2005 - New observations triple Andromeda's size
  2. May 31, 2005 - Andromeda just got bigger
  3. May 31, 2005 - Galactic neighbour gets supersized
  4. June 1, 2005 - Andromeda Galaxy Three Times Bigger In Diameter Than Previously Thought
Background


Very high-energy gamma-ray sources

References:
  1. May 31, 2005 - Unveiling The High Energy Milky Way Reveals 'Dark Accelerators'
Background


Earthquake prediction

References:
  1. May 31, 2005 - Deep-sea Tremors May Provide Early Warning System For Larger Earthquakes
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - Nanotechnology Combined With Superconductivity Could Pave The Way For 'Spintronics'
Background


Satellite measurement of climate change

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - New probe may silence climate sceptics
Background


Hadean era geologic conditions

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - New Thermometer Confirms Wet Conditions On Earliest Earth
Background


Universe simulation

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - Biggest ever cosmos simulation
  2. June 2, 2005 - Supercomputer Simulations Explain the Formation of Galaxies and Quasars in the Universe -
    supplementary material
  3. June 2, 2005 - A duplicate universe, trapped in a computer
  4. June 3, 2005 - SDSC Systems Enable 14 Billion-Year Sky Survey With Highest Resolution To Date
  5. June 4, 2005 - Millennium Simulation -- The Largest Ever Model Of The Universe
Background, Background


Very early stars

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - New light on early stars
Background


Martian water, methane

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Martian methane could come from rocks
  2. June 3, 2005 - Cold, dry and lifeless - a new take on Mars
Background


Single-molecule transistor

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Scientists utilize molecule as basic transistor
  2. June 3, 2005 - Engineers make world's smallest transistor
  3. June 8, 2005 - Scientists Help Develop First Single Molecule Transistor
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 3, 2005 - Nanowires show promise for atomic engines
Background


Ocean warming

References:
  1. June 3, 2005 - Global Ocean Warming Research Paper Published
Background


Quantum dot optoelectronics

References:
  1. June 3, 2005 - Quantum dot creates single photon source
Background, Background, Background


The immune system

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - Scientists Identify New Model Of NK Cell Development
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - New Insight Into People Who 'See' Colors In Letters And Numbers
  2. June 1, 2005 - Brain Networks Change According To Cognitive Task
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - Infancy 'determines cancer risk'
  2. May 31, 2005 - Targeting Mutant B-Raf Protein Reduces Melanoma Development
  3. May 31, 2005 - Trio Of Leukemias Share A Single Mutation
  4. May 31, 2005 - Cancerous Or Harmless? Three Genes Might Tell The Tale
  5. June 1, 2005 - Researchers Add New Tool To Tumor-treatment Arsenal
  6. June 2, 2005 - Scientists Develop Technology To Detect Cancer
  7. June 2, 2005 - Removing The Spleen May Help Fight Leukemia, Mouse Model Suggests
  8. June 4, 2005 - Genes Linked To Treatment Resistance In Children With Leukemia
  9. June 5, 2005 - Increased Vitamin B Consumption Reduces Women's Risk Of Colorectal Cancer
  10. June 5, 2005 - Novel Combination Overcomes Drug-resistant Myeloma Cells
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. May 30, 2005 - Fast-moving cloning developments spark new worries
  2. May 31, 2005 - Embryonic stem cells pass key safety test
  3. May 31, 2005 - The new reality of stem cell technology
  4. June 1, 2005 - Koreans Forge Ahead on Cloning
Background


Diet and longevity

References:
  1. May 31, 2005 - Low fat, low protein diet boosts longevity
Background


Genetic change and evolution

References:
  1. May 31, 2005 - Researchers Trace Evolution To Relatively Simple Genetic Changes
Background


Oxytocin and trust

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - Trust me, Im spraying you with hormones
  2. June 1, 2005 - Trust in a bottle
  3. June 1, 2005 - A Whiff of Trust
  4. June 2, 2005 - Hormone Spray Elicits Trust in Humans
  5. June 2, 2005 - Researchers Find Trust to Be a Hormonal Affair
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - Scientists Use Gene Transfer Technology And Common Virus To Block Neuropathic Pain
  2. June 3, 2005 - Gene therapy salves sensitive nerves
  3. June 5, 2005 - Researchers Develop Gene Therapy To Reverse Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Background


Angiogenesis inhibitors

References:
  1. June 1, 2005 - New technique appears to stop abnormal blood vessel growth
Background


Viruses and RNA interference

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Virus Uses Tiny RNA To Evade The Immune System
Background


RNA quality control

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Scientists Identify Structure For RNA Quality Control
Background


Polyglutamylation of microtubles

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Newly Identified Enzyme Group Converts Protein Into Cellular Traffic Signal
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Can Tamiflu save us from bird flu?
Background


Survivability of terrestrial microbes on Mars

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Earth microbes may survive on Mars
  2. June 7, 2005 - Traces Of Stowaway Earth Algae Could Survive On Mars
Background


Obesity and health

References:
  1. June 2, 2005 - Health experts criticize obesity study
Background


Location of long-term autobiographical memory

References:
  1. June 4, 2005 - Team Identifies Where Life's Memories Are Stored
Background


Copyright © 2005 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved