Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 4, Number 42
October 17, 2005

Physical sciences and technology

Spin structure of nucleons
Earthquake prediction
Seas as a carbon sink
Ocean wave power
Quantum computing
Quantum complementarity
The tropics and control of climate
Bio-nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Light pulse solitons
Extrasolar planet telescope
Star formation near supermassive black holes
Test for wave-function collapse
Ultradense magnetic recording
Effects of global warming on precipitation
Black holes and extra dimensions
Nanotechnology
Global warming

Life sciences

Cancer
Avian flu
Inflammation gene
Brain-imaging studies
Macrophages
Flaviviruses and interferon
Obesity and vascular disease
Homo floresiensis
AIDS
Alzheimer's disease
Benefits of omega-3 fatty acids from fish
Gene therapy
Stem cells
Cellular ion channels
Aromatase and sex change
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in space
Hierarchical organization of motor neuron networks
C-reactive protein and heart disease
Quorum-sensing in bacteria
Obesity and fat storage
Fatty foods, the immune system, and inflammation
Origin of regulatory T cells
Messenger RNA synthesis
Regenerative medicine
Monoclonal antibody for abnormal B cell control
Prions
Antibiotics
Endosymbiosis
Evolution of language


Spin structure of nucleons

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Spin Structure of Protons and Neutrons
Background


Earthquake prediction

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Computer predicts quakes in S.F. area
  2. October 11, 2005 - Computer puts big quake odds at 25% within 20 years
  3. October 13, 2005 - Predicting temblors inexact; Quakes studied in Parkfield area for some 2 decades
  4. October 14, 2005 - Earthquake prediction eludes scientists
  5. October 14, 2005 - Forecasting the Next Great San Francisco Earthquake
  6. October 14, 2005 - Forecasting the Next Great San Francisco Earthquake
  7. October 15, 2005 - Forecasting The Next Great San Francisco Earthquake
Background


Seas as a carbon sink

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - North Sea efficient sink for carbon dioxide
  2. October 11, 2005 - North Sea efficient sink for carbon dioxide
  3. October 12, 2005 - North Sea Efficient Sink For Carbon Dioxide
Background


Ocean wave power

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Swell magnet stokes support for wave power
  2. October 11, 2005 - Wave energy gets to the point
  3. October 12, 2005 - Focusing ocean waves for power and mondo surf
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Atoms Under Control - also here, here
Background


Quantum complementarity

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Can an Electron be in Two Places at the Same Time?
  2. October 13, 2005 - Can An Electron Be In Two Places At The Same Time?
Background


The tropics and control of climate

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Tropics Play More Active Role Than Was Thought In Controlling Earth's Climate
  2. October 12, 2005 - The Tropics Play A More Active Role Than Was Thought In Controlling The Earth's Climate
  3. October 12, 2005 - The tropics play a more active role than was thought in controlling the Earths climate
  4. October 13, 2005 - Link between tropical warming and greenhouse gases stronger than ever
  5. October 14, 2005 - Link Between Tropical Warming And Greenhouse Gases Stronger Than Ever
  6. October 14, 2005 - Link between tropical warming and greenhouse gases stronger than ever, say scientists
Background


Bio-nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Engineers build DNA 'nanotowers' with enzyme tools
  2. October 13, 2005 - Engineers build DNA 'nanotowers' with enzyme tools
  3. October 14, 2005 - Engineers Build DNA 'Nanotowers' With Enzyme Tools
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Nanotubes as measuring tips
  2. October 13, 2005 - Engineers Point Way To Better Use Of Nanotubes As Measuring Tips
  3. October 13, 2005 - Engineers point way to better use of nanotubes as measuring tips
Background


Light pulse solitons

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Molecules of light pulses
Background


Extrasolar planet telescope

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Proposed 'starshade' observatory could image continents on exo-solar planets
Background


Star formation near supermassive black holes

References:
  1. October 13, 2005 - Massive stars can grow near black holes
  2. October 13, 2005 - Chandra Observatory reveals new star generation
  3. October 14, 2005 - Scientists say Milky Way's black hole helps spawn stars
  4. October 14, 2005 - NASA's Chandra Reveals New Star Generation
  5. October 14, 2005 - Stars live fast at edge of black hole
  6. October 14, 2005 - Stars Form Surprisingly Close to Milky Way's Black Hole
Background


Test for wave-function collapse

References:
  1. October 13, 2005 - Ancient neutrinos could put string theory and quantum loop gravity to the test
  2. October 14, 2005 - Ancient neutrinos could put string theory and quantum loop gravity to the test
Background


Ultradense magnetic recording

References:
  1. October 13, 2005 - Ultrasmooth carbon for ultrahigh data storage density
Background


Effects of global warming on precipitation

References:
  1. October 13, 2005 - Intense precipitation expected worldwide
  2. October 14, 2005 - Warmer Seas, Wetter Air Make Harder Rains
  3. October 17, 2005 - Warmer Climate Produces Less Rain
Background


Black holes and extra dimensions

References:
  1. October 14, 2005 - Budding Black Holes
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 14, 2005 - How to Braid Nanoropes
  2. October 15, 2005 - How To Braid Nanoropes
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 15, 2005 - The browning of Europe
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Cervical cancer vaccine proves effective
  2. October 12, 2005 - Therapeutic vaccine for ovarian cancer in clinical trials
  3. October 13, 2005 - Survival trick of loose cancer cells
  4. October 13, 2005 - Double Trouble: Cells With Duplicate Genomes Can Trigger Tumors
  5. October 13, 2005 - Double trouble: Cells with duplicate genomes can trigger tumors
  6. October 14, 2005 - Enzyme Complex Thought To Promote Cancer Development Can Also Help Prevent It
  7. October 14, 2005 - Enzyme complex thought to promote cancer development can also help prevent it
  8. October 14, 2005 - Scientists develop cancer nanobomb - also here, here, here
  9. October 15, 2005 - Faulty Cell Cycle Checkpoints Linked To Lung Cancer Risk In African-Americans
  10. October 16, 2005 - Early Study Shows Spice Stunts Deadly Spread To Lungs
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Bird flu may have reached Europe
  2. October 10, 2005 - Europe bracing to battle bird flu
  3. October 12, 2005 - Drugs may be too late to fix bird flu
  4. October 13, 2005 - Deadly Asian bird flu has reached Europe
  5. October 13, 2005 - Turkey bird flu is deadly strain
  6. October 13, 2005 - Bird Flu in Turkey Is Same Deadly Strain as Asia
  7. October 14, 2005 - Bird flu: kick-start vaccination or face the consequences
  8. October 14, 2005 - Secret of drug-resistant bird flu unveiled
  9. October 14, 2005 - Don't panic over bird flu, UN says
  10. October 14, 2005 - Researchers call for more bird flu drugs
  11. October 15, 2005 - Romania bird flu is lethal strain
  12. October 15, 2005 - Flu Virus Reported To Resist Drug Envisioned For Pandemic - also here
Background


Inflammation gene

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Scientists Pinpoint Inflammation Gene; Discovery Has Implications For Wide Range Of Diseases
  2. October 10, 2005 - Scientists pinpoint inflammation gene
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Shift In Brain's Language-control Site Offers Rehab Hope; Language Center Site Becomes More Lateralized With Age
  2. October 10, 2005 - Shift in brains language-control site offers rehab hope
  3. October 12, 2005 - Violent video games lead to brain activity characteristic of aggression
Background


Macrophages

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Shorter Colds, Milder Flu May Follow From Newly Revealed Immune Mechanism
  2. October 10, 2005 - Shorter colds, milder flu may follow from newly revealed immune mechanism
Background


Flaviviruses and interferon

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Scientists Show That Tick-borne Flaviviruses Use A Novel Mechanism To Evade Host Defenses
Background


Obesity and vascular disease

References:
  1. October 10, 2005 - Fat rat enables studies of debilitating vascular disease
  2. October 11, 2005 - Fat Rat Enables Studies Of Debilitating Vascular Disease
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - New hobbit bones bolster separate species claim
  2. October 11, 2005 - More 'Hobbit' bones are discovered
  3. October 11, 2005 - More Flores 'Hobbits' described
  4. October 11, 2005 - Anthropologists Uncover Ancient Jawbone
  5. October 12, 2005 - More Bones Support Mini Human Case
  6. October 12, 2005 - Hobbits' long arms just like Lucy's
  7. October 12, 2005 - A Big Debate on Little People: Ancient Species or Modern Dwarfs?
  8. October 13, 2005 - Hobbit debate flares up in science journal
  9. October 14, 2005 - Team widens search for 'Hobbits'
  10. October 15, 2005 - 'Hobbit' tools found near remains
  11. October 15, 2005 - Encore for Evolutionary Small-Timers: Tiny human cousins get younger with new finds
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - AIDS Inflicts Specific Pattern Of Brain Damage
  2. October 11, 2005 - AIDS inflicts specific pattern of brain damage
  3. October 11, 2005 - Scans show how HIV attacks brain
  4. October 14, 2005 - A New Step Towards An AIDS Vaccine
  5. October 14, 2005 - A new step towards an AIDS vaccine
  6. October 14, 2005 - Study Shows Silver Nanoparticles Attach to HIV-1 virus
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Midlife Obesity May Be Associated With Risk Of Dementia And Alzheimer's Disease
  2. October 11, 2005 - Midlife obesity may be associated with risk of dementia and Alzheimers disease
Background


Benefits of omega-3 fatty acids from fish

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Eating Fish Associated With Slower Cognitive Decline
  2. October 11, 2005 - Fish Consumption May Be Linked to Reduced Cognitive Decline
  3. October 11, 2005 - Eating fish associated with slower cognitive decline
  4. October 24, 2005 - Eating fish may slow memory loss in elderly people
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - New Technique Adds Precision And Permanence To Gene Therapy
  2. October 11, 2005 - New technique adds precision and permanence to gene therapy
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Embryonic Cells, No Embryo Needed: Hunting for Ways Out of an Impasse
  2. October 11, 2005 - Embryonic stem cells can kill cancer cells
  3. October 12, 2005 - Researchers Use Human Embryonic Stem Cells To Kill Cancer Cells
  4. October 12, 2005 - Researchers use human embryonic stem cells to kill cancer cells
Background


Cellular ion channels

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Scientists uncover new clues to how crucial molecular gatekeepers work - also here, here, here
Background


Aromatase and sex change

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Brain regulates initial stages of sex change in social fish
  2. October 12, 2005 - Brain Regulates Initial Stages Of Sex Change In Social Fish
Background


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in space

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Life's Building Blocks Are Common In Space
  2. October 13, 2005 - NASA Discovers Life's Building Blocks Are Common In Space
Background


Hierarchical organization of motor neuron networks

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Marine snails neural network sheds light on the basis for flexible behavior
  2. October 12, 2005 - Marine Snail's Neural Network Sheds Light On The Basis For Flexible Behavior
Background


C-reactive protein and heart disease

References:
  1. October 11, 2005 - Study questions widespread use of C-reactive protein test to assess cardiovascular risk
  2. October 12, 2005 - Study Questions Widespread Use Of C-reactive Protein Test To Assess Cardiovascular Risk
Background


Quorum-sensing in bacteria

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - The Esperanto of the Bacteria World
Background


Obesity and fat storage

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Gene Makes Muscles In The Obese Store More Fat
  2. October 12, 2005 - Gene makes muscles in the obese store more fat
Background


Fatty foods, the immune system, and inflammation

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Fatty Foods Fight Inflammation
  2. October 17, 2005 - Fat diet may aid recovery from surgery
Background


Origin of regulatory T cells

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Old Mystery Solved, Revealing Origin Of Regulatory T Cells That 'Police' And Protect The Body
  2. October 13, 2005 - Old mystery solved, revealing origin of regulatory T cells that 'police' and protect the body
Background


Messenger RNA synthesis

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Study finds protein is required for human chromosome production
  2. October 13, 2005 - Study Finds Protein Is Required For Human Chromosome Production
  3. October 13, 2005 - Study finds protein is required for human chromosome production
Background


Regenerative medicine

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - £10m to study how to regrow damaged limbs
Background


Monoclonal antibody for abnormal B cell control

References:
  1. October 12, 2005 - Immune therapy could treat leukemias, autoimmune diseases, transplant rejection
  2. October 13, 2005 - Immune Therapy Could Treat Leukemias, Autoimmune Diseases, Transplant Rejection
Background


Prions

References:
  1. October 13, 2005 - Prions found in urine
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 13, 2005 - New class of antibiotics effective against drug-resistant bacteria discovered in fungi - also here, here
Background


Endosymbiosis

References:
  1. October 14, 2005 - Marine Microorganism Plays Both Host and Killer
  2. October 14, 2005 - Mysterious microbe retrofits itself with plant
  3. October 18, 2005 - Half-animal, half-plant microbe found
Background


Evolution of language

References:
  1. October 16, 2005 - How new words become part of a language
Background


Copyright © 2005 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved