Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 4, Number 46
November 14, 2005

Physical sciences and technology

Star formation
Carbon sequestration in lava rock
Quantum cryptography
Carbon nanotubes
Greenhouse gas emissions
Fuel cells
Organic solar cells
Neutrino mass experiment
Martian water
Earthquakes
Water vapor as a greenhouse gas
High-temperature superconductors
Massive high-velocity star
Quantum effects in graphite
Guided slow light
Graphene
Cosmic rays
Bose-Einstein condensates
Global warming

Life sciences

Cancer
Avian flu
Brain-imaging studies
Stress and overeating
Sense of taste for lipids
Sex differences in sense of humor
Parkinson's disease
Motor neuron development
Ribosomes and antibiotics
Cell division and the Golgi apparatus
Nanotechnology and cancer
RNA splicing outside a cell nucleus
Cellular basis of learning
NF1 and learning disabilities
Atherosclerosis
Malaria
High-protein diets
Development of the jaws of cichlid fish
Recreation of 1918 flu virus
Bipolar disorder and creativity
Transmission-coupled repair of DNA
Cardiovascular health benefits of olive oil
Regulation of blood glucose levels
Appetite-affecting hormones
Stem cells
New genes in human evolution
Lateral gene transfer in bacteria
Development of the cerebral cortex
Diabetes
Alzheimer's disease
Biofilms
AIDS


Star formation

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Intergalactic attraction creates bumper star crop
  2. November 8, 2005 - How do massive stars form? - also here
  3. November 10, 2005 - Spitzer Captures Cosmic 'Mountains of Creation'
  4. November 11, 2005 - Telescope sees birth of stars
  5. November 11, 2005 - Surprising star birth seen in bear-shaped nebula
  6. November 14, 2005 - Astronomers Determine Trigger of Massive Star Formation
Background


Carbon sequestration in lava rock

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Western States To Host First Test Of Carbon Sequestration In Lava Rock - also here, here
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Fast and totally secure communication in quantum
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - A researcher racing for results
Background


Greenhouse gas emissions

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Greenhouse gas 'to rise by 52%'
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Nano World: Power for soldiers, sat phones
  2. November 9, 2005 - Robotic Assembly Of Fuel Cells Could Hasten Hydrogen Economy - also here, here, here
  3. November 9, 2005 - Researchers test polymer membrane for fuel cell and hydrogen applications
Background


Organic solar cells

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Nanotech breakthrough aids quest for viable alternative energy sources
Background


Neutrino mass experiment

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - What does 'almost nothing' weigh? Physicist aims to find out
Background


Martian water

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Simulations Show Liquid Water Could Exist on Mars
  2. November 15, 2005 - Water Could Stay Liquid on Mars
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Could we speed up quake warnings?
  2. November 10, 2005 - New System For Earthquake Early Warning - also here, here, here
  3. November 10, 2005 - Big One's first jolt might be a lifesaver; Researchers say fast computer analysis could allow quake alert in early seconds
Background


Water vapor as a greenhouse gas

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Water Vapor Feedback Is Rapidly Warming Europe - also here
  2. November 9, 2005 - Europe is warmed by water vapor feedback
  3. November 11, 2005 - Central Europe getting warmer
  4. November 12, 2005 - Water builds the heat in Europe
Background


High-temperature superconductors

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Finding Superconductors That Can Take The Heat - also here, here, here
Background


Massive high-velocity star

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Speeding Star Observed with VLT Hints at Massive Black Hole
  2. November 9, 2005 - Star on the run
  3. November 10, 2005 - Black hole ate my twin, but it can't catch me
  4. November 15, 2005 - Runaway star voted off the island
Background


Quantum effects in graphite

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Electrons lose their mass in carbon sheets - also here
  2. November 10, 2005 - Graphite Found to Exhibit Surprising Quantum Effects
  3. November 10, 2005 - Einstein's Relativity Theory Proven With The 'Lead' Of A Pencil - also here, here, here
  4. November 11, 2005 - Mark Your Answers with a Number 2 Relativistic Pseudo-particle
Background, Background


Guided slow light

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Guided Slow Light
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Ghostly electrons: particles flit through atom-thin islands
Background


Cosmic rays

References:
  1. November 10, 2005 - Messengers from the Extreme Universe
  2. November 10, 2005 - Observatory aims to find the origin of cosmic rays
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. November 13, 2005 - Physicists Show Coherence Of Bose-Einstein Condensates Extends To Spin State Of Atoms - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. November 12, 2005 - A darkening Arctic may accelerate warming trends there
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Mutations In The BRAF Gene Predict Sensitivity To A Novel Class Of Cancer Drugs - also here
  2. November 7, 2005 - Study Broadens Understanding Of Enzymes Linked To Tumor Promoting Molecule - also here, here
  3. November 7, 2005 - Gene Expression Profile Helps Predict Chemotherapy Response In Ovarian Cancer Patients
  4. November 7, 2005 - Clinical Trials With Immunotherapy For Breast And Colorectal Cancer - also here
  5. November 7, 2005 - Bacterial Mimic Under Study As Cancer Vaccine May Also Help Protect Tumors - also here
  6. November 8, 2005 - Scientists Determine How Tumor Gene Controls Growth - also here
  7. November 9, 2005 - Researchers Discover New Form Of Cancer Gene Regulation - also here
  8. November 9, 2005 - Common viruses may cause cancer
  9. November 10, 2005 - Discovery Will Aid In Treatment Of Patients With A Deadly Brain Cancer - also here, here
  10. November 10, 2005 - Genetic analysis of glioblastoma brain tumors can aid in treatment decisions, study shows
  11. November 10, 2005 - Vaccine for follicular lymphoma
  12. November 13, 2005 - Study Suggests Benefits Of Herbal Extract In Early Treatment Of Prostate Cancer - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Suspected human bird flu cases reported in China
  2. November 7, 2005 - China reports 3 suspected bird flu cases in humans; 6 million birds culled
  3. November 8, 2005 - Bird flu capable of causing 'incalculable' misery
  4. November 11, 2005 - Bird flu may over-stimulate immune system
  5. November 11, 2005 - Bird flu 'out of control' in Chinese province
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Y Did the Chromosome Cross the Road?
  2. November 8, 2005 - Women get a bigger buzz from cartoons
Background


Stress and overeating

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - A Recipe For Overeating: Studies Outline Dangers Of Mixing Stress, Deprivation And Tempting Foods - also here
Background


Sense of taste for lipids

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Have A Taste For Fat? Yes! A Sensor In The Mouth Promotes Preference For Fatty Foods
Background


Sex differences in sense of humor

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Women more likely to enjoy a joke, study finds - also here, here
  2. November 8, 2005 - Gender divide in getting the joke
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Disease-causing Protein Protects Against Nerve Damage In Parkinson's Disease - also here
Background


Motor neuron development

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Scientists Crack Code For Motor Neuron Wiring - also here
  2. November 7, 2005 - A major research move
Background


Ribosomes and antibiotics

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - Study Findings Offer Potential New Targets For Antibiotics - also here
Background


Cell division and the Golgi apparatus

References:
  1. November 7, 2005 - How an internal organelle doubles
  2. November 10, 2005 - Sleeping Sickness Parasite Shows How Cells Divide Their Insides - also here, here
Background


Nanotechnology and cancer

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Nanodevices Can 'Hear' Cancer
Background


RNA splicing outside a cell nucleus

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - RNA splicing occurs in nerve-cell dendrites
Background


Cellular basis of learning

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Change in neurons responsiveness marks newly formed sensory associations during learning
Background


NF1 and learning disabilities

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - A commonly prescribed drug reverses learning and attention deficits in a mouse model of the genetic disorder Neurofibromatosis type I
  2. November 11, 2005 - Scientists Use Statins To Overcome Learning Disabilities In Mice
Background


Atherosclerosis

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Inherent vascular repair key to atherosclerosis
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Think Like a Parasite
  2. November 9, 2005 - Malaria Vaccine Proves Effective in Clinical Trial
Background


High-protein diets

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - The Skinny on High-Protein Diets
  2. November 9, 2005 - How Protein-rich Diets Curb Hunger - also here
Background


Development of the jaws of cichlid fish

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Changes to Embryo Can Elicit Change in Adult
Background


Recreation of 1918 flu virus

References:
  1. November 8, 2005 - Hazard in Hunt for New Flu: Looking for Bugs in All the Wrong Places
Background


Bipolar disorder and creativity

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Children Of Bipolar Parents Score Higher On Creativity Test - also here, here
  2. November 9, 2005 - Children of bipolar parents more creative
  3. November 11, 2005 - Driven to Create?
Background


Transmission-coupled repair of DNA

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Discovering the First Steps in Transcription-Coupled Repair - also here
Background


Cardiovascular health benefits of olive oil

References:
  1. November 9, 2005 - Phenolic Compounds May Explain Mediterranean Diet Benefits - also here
Background


Regulation of blood glucose levels

References:
  1. November 10, 2005 - Unexpected Function For A Key Regulator Of Blood Glucose Levels - also here, here
Background


Appetite-affecting hormones

References:
  1. November 10, 2005 - Taking a Bite Out of Hunger
  2. November 11, 2005 - Hunger control hormone discovered
  3. November 11, 2005 - Appetite-Suppressing Hormone Discovered
  4. November 13, 2005 - Scientists' Discovery Of Hormone Offers Hope For Obesity Drug - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. November 10, 2005 - Feds Give Researchers OK For Safety Test Of Adult Stem Cells In Patients With Heart Disease
  2. November 11, 2005 - Stem cells may keep racehorses on track
  3. November 11, 2005 - From One Cell, Many Possible Cures: Device Provides A Major Boost To Adult Stem Cell Research - also here, here
Background


New genes in human evolution

References:
  1. November 11, 2005 - 'Casanova' genes drive evolution
Background


Lateral gene transfer in bacteria

References:
  1. November 11, 2005 - Lateral Thinking Produces First Map Of Gene Transmission - also here
Background


Development of the cerebral cortex

References:
  1. November 11, 2005 - Researcher Presents New View Of How The Cortex Forms - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. November 12, 2005 - Why Children Of Parents With Type 2 Diabetes Are At Risk Themselves
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. November 12, 2005 - Alzheimer's Disease Onset Tied To Lapses In Attention - also here, here
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. November 13, 2005 - Genes Involved In Biofilms - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. November 13, 2005 - Bacteria modified to combat HIV
Background


Copyright © 2005 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved