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Volume 4, Number 50
December 12, 2005

Physical sciences and technology

Knot theory
Global warming
Vegetation and climate modeling
Carbon nanotubes
Titan
Soil sequestration of CO2
San Andreas fault studies
Supernova remnants
Galaxy evolution
Teraherz imaging
Alternative theory of baryonic dark matter
Quantum dots as DNA sensors
Quantum communication
Global warming and Atlantic thermohaline circulation
Robotic vision algorithm
The Milky Way
Earthquake frequency
Plasmonics
Quantum entanglement of atoms
Pulsars
DNA microarrays
DNA nanotechnology
Dark matter
Earthquake prediction

Life sciences

Brain modularity
Stress and the immune system
Aging
"Survival genes" in neurons
Mirror neurons and autism
Stem cells
Malaria
Inflammation
Aldosterone and stroke
Cancer
Nanotechnology and cancer
AIDS
Avian flu
Computational systems biology
Alzheimer's disease
Halophiles
Methane-producing extremophiles
Dog genome
Intranasal flu vaccine
Fructose, metabolic syndrome, and obesity
Phytosterols in nuts
Dopamine
Nerve regeneration
Metastasis
Brain-imaging studies
Detecting single nucleotide polymorphisms
Cholera
Weight loss, insulin, and glycemic load
Gender differences in toy preference
Oxytocin
Nervous system development
Weight-loss resistance
Prions


Knot theory

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Mathematician's Insight Helps Unravel Knotty Problem - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Tropical Atlantic Cooling And African Deforestation Correlate To Drought - also here
  2. December 5, 2005 - Ancient sediments show influence of southern ocean circulation on climate
  3. December 6, 2005 - Temperate Forests Could Worsen Global Warming - also here, here, here
  4. December 7, 2005 - Scientist Measures Role Of Science's Coolest Player: The Snow - also here, here
  5. December 8, 2005 - Models show growing more forests in temperate regions could contribute to global warming
  6. December 8, 2005 - Changes to land cover may enhance global warming in Amazon, reduce it in midlatitudes - also here, here, here
  7. December 8, 2005 - No More Sleigh-Rides
Background


Vegetation and climate modeling

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Climate models need deeper roots - also here, here, here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Use of Carbon Nanotubes for Heatsinks for Semiconductors
  2. December 5, 2005 - Space saving approach to satellite communications
  3. December 5, 2005 - Researchers Achieve First Electrowetting of Carbon Nanotubes
Background


Titan

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Rivers On Titan Resemble Those On Earth - also here, here, here
  2. December 8, 2005 - Huygens finds a hostile world on Titan
Background


Soil sequestration of CO2

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Warming Could Free Far More Carbon From High Arctic Soil Than Earlier Thought - also here, here
  2. December 6, 2005 - Arctic soil carbon underestimated
  3. December 6, 2005 - Elevated Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Increases Soil Carbon
Background


San Andreas fault studies

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - A century after 1906 earthquake, geophysicists revisit 'Big One' and come up with new model - also here, here
  2. December 6, 2005 - Geophysicists reveal new insights into the 'earthquake machine' - also here, here, here
  3. December 7, 2005 - Getting Ready For The 'Big One,' Researchers Make Most Detailed Survey Ever Of San Adreas Fault - also here, here, here
  4. December 9, 2005 - Project opens up quake 'machine'
Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - The Surprising End to a Supernova
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Galaxies become monsters by repeated mergers
  2. December 6, 2005 - More Often Than Not, Massive Galaxies Form by Mergers
  3. December 7, 2005 - Galaxy Collisions Dominate The Local Universe - also here, here, here
  4. December 12, 2005 - Galactic Collisions Fast and Frequent
Background


Teraherz imaging

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - T-rays: New Imaging Technology Spotlighted By American Chemical Society - also here, here, here
Background


Alternative theory of baryonic dark matter

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Exploding dark-matter balls predicted
Background


Quantum dots as DNA sensors

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - New Nanosensor Uses Quantum Dots To Detect DNA - also here, here, here
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Photons create primitive quantum network
  2. December 7, 2005 - 'Data-in, data-out' signals quantum breakthrough
  3. December 7, 2005 - Physicists demonstrate storage and retrieval of single photons between remote memories - also here, here here
Background


Global warming and Atlantic thermohaline circulation

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Global Warming Could Halt Ocean Circulation, With Harmful Results - also here, here, here
  2. December 8, 2005 - Chilling out with global warming
Background


Robotic vision algorithm

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - New algorithm improves robot vision
Background


The Milky Way

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Perseus arm is closer than thought
  2. December 8, 2005 - Spiral arm of Milky Way looms closer than thought
  3. December 8, 2005 - Astronomers Measure Distance to Milky Way's Spiral Arm
  4. December 8, 2005 - At (Cosmic) Arm's Length
  5. December 16, 2005 - Perseus Spiral Arm of the Milky Way much closer than thought
Background


Earthquake frequency

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Large Himalaya Earthquakes May Occur Sooner Than Expected - also here, here, here
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Surf's Up for New Type of Chip
Background


Quantum entanglement of atoms

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Physicists Achieve Quantum Entanglement Between Remote Ensembles of Atoms
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - PULSE: The Impact of European Pulsar Science on Modern Physics
Background


DNA microarrays

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Researchers Transform DNA Microarrays With Standard Internet Communications Tool
Background


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 9, 2005 - DNA pyramids make their debut
  2. December 9, 2005 - Physicists create first robust DNA building blocks
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. December 9, 2005 - Astronomers map dark matter in startling detail
  2. December 12, 2005 - Team Maps Dark Matter In Startling Detail - also here, here
  3. December 13, 2005 - Hubble Sheds Light on Dark Matter
  4. December 14, 2006 - Mapping the Invisible
  5. December 15, 2005 - Hubble reveals dark-matter details
Background


Earthquake prediction

References:
  1. December 9, 2005 - Prelude to an earthquake? - also here, here, here
Background


Brain modularity

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Distinct Brain Regions Specialized For Faces And Bodies
  2. December 26, 2005 - Faces have a special place in the brain
Background


Stress and the immune system

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Researchers Explain How Stress Can Make You Sick - also here
Background


Aging

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - The End Of Aging? New Study Examines Evolutionary Explanations For 'Biological Immortality'
  2. December 6, 2005 - Late life is different from aging
  3. December 19, 2005 - New Study Examines Evolutionary Explanations For Biological Immortality
Background


"Survival genes" in neurons

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - 'Survival' Genes Hold Key To Healthy Brains In Babies And The Elderly
Background


Mirror neurons and autism

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Lack of "Mirror Neurons" May Help Explain Autism
  2. December 5, 2005 - 'Copying' nerves broken in autism
  3. December 5, 2005 - Faulty "Emotional Mirror" May Help Explain Autism
  4. December 6, 2005 - Imaging Study Of Children With Autism Finds Broken Mirror Neuron System - also here, here
  5. December 7, 2005 - Reflections on Mirror Neurons
  6. December 10, 2005 - Mirror Cells' Fading Spark: Empathy-Related Neurons May Turn Off in Autism
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Iron particles and MRI could replace biopsies to track stem cell therapy and deploy stents
  2. December 8, 2005 - Stem cells found in fruit fly gut
  3. December 9, 2005 - Similar Stem Cells In Insect And Human Gut - also here, here
  4. December 9, 2005 - Embryonic stem cells could treat millions
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Vulnerability Seen in Powerful Malaria Drug
Background


Inflammation

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Enzyme May Be Target For New Anti-inflammatory Compounds - also here
Background


Aldosterone and stroke

References:
  1. December 5, 2005 - Hormone Aldosterone Is Promising Target For Stroke Treatment - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Scientists Discover How A Hepatitis C Protein Promotes Liver Cancer>
  2. December 7, 2005 - Researchers Say Estrogen Can Kill Breast Cancer Cells Once Fueled By The Hormone - also here
  3. December 8, 2005 - TLR4 Gene Found To Protect Against Tumor Development - also here, here
  4. December 8, 2005 - Herceptin Plus Chemotherapy Improves Disease-free Survival In Early Breast Cancer - also here
  5. December 9, 2005 - Backyard Garden May Yield Leukemia Treatment - also here
  6. December 9, 2005 - 'Computer-chemistry' Yields New Insight Into A Puzzle Of Cell Division - also here, here
  7. December 9, 2005 - Low-dose chemotherapy plus antiangiogenesis drug has activity in advanced breast cancer - also here
  8. December 11, 2005 - Study Shows Combination Of Immune Substances To Be Safe - also here
Background


Nanotechnology and cancer

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Nano World: New aimed nanoparticles
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Scientists Discover Immune Response To HIV Differs, Even In Identical Twins - also here
  2. December 7, 2005 - Scientists find new facts about HIV
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Threat Of Avian Influenza Pandemic Grows, But People Can Take Precautions - also here, here
Background


Computational systems biology

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Setting The Standard For Computer Models Of Life - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - Scientists try to clone Alzheimer's pig
  2. December 10, 2005 - Alzheimer's Disease Prevention May Be Easier Than Cure - also here
  3. December 10, 2005 - 'Jekyll and Hyde' dementia clue
  4. December 12, 2005 - A Jekyll-and-Hyde Enzyme's Role In Alzheimer's
Background


Halophiles

References:
  1. December 6, 2005 - New Bacterial Genome Sequenced From Ancient Salterns - also here, here, here
Background


Methane-producing extremophiles

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Extreme bugs back idea of life on Mars
  2. December 7, 2005 - Methane bugs love ice, so why not Mars?
  3. December 15, 2005 - Microbes Under Greenland Ice May Be Preview Of What Scientists Find Under Mars' Surface - also here, here, here
Background


Dog genome

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Boxer is first dog to have full genome revealed
  2. December 7, 2005 - Boxer bares all
  3. December 7, 2005 - Dog Genome Has Its Day
  4. December 7, 2005 - Canine genome sequence is completed
  5. December 7, 2005 - Dog Genome Mapped, Shows Similarities to Humans
  6. December 8, 2005 - Dog genome links pugs to poodles
  7. December 8, 2005 - Genetic Secrets of Man's Best Friend Revealed
  8. December 8, 2005 - Researchers Publish Dog Genome Sequence; Analysis Sheds Light On Human Disease; Differences Among Canine Breeds - also here
  9. December 8, 2005 - Dog genome sequence and analysis published in Nature
  10. December 8, 2005 - Genetic Map of Dog May Help Humans
  11. December 12, 2006 - Science Goes to the Dogs
Background


Intranasal flu vaccine

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Wide-spread use of intranasal flu vaccine does not show unexpected serious risks - also here
Background


Fructose, metabolic syndrome, and obesity

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Scientists Find Sugar May Have A Sour Side - also here, here
Background


Phytosterols in nuts

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Sunflower Seeds, Pistachios Among Top Nuts For Lowering Cholesterol - also here, here
Background


Dopamine

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Study Takes Pleasure Out of Dopamine
Background


Nerve regeneration

References:
  1. December 7, 2005 - Study Finds Nerve Regeneration Is Possible In Spinal Cord Injuries - also here, here
Background


Metastasis

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Cancer cells send out advance party
  2. December 14, 2005 - Scientists discover how cancer spreads
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Heart rules head on risky calls
Background


Detecting single nucleotide polymorphisms

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Researchers 'Wire' DNA To Identify Mutations - also here, here
Background


Cholera

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Advance In Cholera Bacteria Points To New Treatment And Vaccine - also here, here
Background


Weight loss, insulin, and glycemic load

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Weight Loss May Depend On Where Calories Come From
Background


Gender differences in toy preference

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Monkeys mimic kids in toy selections
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Trust-building hormone found
  2. December 9, 2005 - Trust-building hormone short-circuits fear in humans
Background


Nervous system development

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Researchers discover a protein responsible for shaping the nervous system - also here, here
Background


Weight-loss resistance

References:
  1. December 8, 2005 - Nutritional genomics identifies a potential weight-loss resistance gene - also here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. December 9, 2005 - Study Links Progressive Aphasia Syndrome To Prion Gene - also here
Background


Copyright © 2005 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved