Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 5, Number 19
May 8, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Using supernovae to determine cosmic distances
Gamma-ray bursts
Ontologies in artificial intelligence
Global warming
Gravitational waves
Quark structure of protons
Carbon nanotubes
Nanotechnology
Robotics
Grid computing
Cyclic cosmology
Molecular electronics
Supernovae
Nitrogen and extraterrestrial life
Nanoscale computer architectures
Bionics

Life sciences

Variations in the genetic code
Alzheimer's disease
Mechanism of DNA damage
Varying rates of molecular evolution
Polymer nanotubes for imaging and drug delivery
Neurogenesis and learning
Taurine and high-fat diets
Identifying protease substrates for drug discovery
Cancer
Nanoparticles and cancer therapy
Diabetes
Agrin and modulation of neuron action potentials
Genetics of altrusim in a lizard species
Hypothalamus enzyme and body weight control
Avian flu
Agricultural biotechnology
The immune system
Ultraconserved mobile DNA sequences
Gene transcription maps of mice and humans
Hepatitis
Brain-imaging studies
Intelligence in monkeys
Periodontitis, C-reactive protein, and inflammation
Influenza
Antibiotics
Lack of Hox gene system in Cnidaria
Molecular roots of sensory plasticity
Stem cells
Telomerase
Methylation and gene regulation
Error-prone DNA repair
Plant root development
Genetics of tree flowering
Embryonic development of retinal cells
Cancer stem cells
Growth of fat cells
Parkinson's disease
Number sense
Viral genomic residue after infection


Using supernovae to determine cosmic distances

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Cosmic calculator goes the distance
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - High-energy jets spew from short gamma-ray bursts
Background


Ontologies in artificial intelligence

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Shared Theories On Thought Could Lead To Smart Machines - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Plants' Role In Global Warming Re-examined - also here, here, here
  2. May 1, 2006 - Greenhouse gases continue to rise - also here, here
  3. May 2, 2006 - Global warming differences resolved - also here
  4. May 3, 2006 - 'Clear' human impact on climate
  5. May 3, 2006 - Federal Study Finds Accord on Warming
  6. May 3, 2006 - Study Reveals How Plants Respond To Elevated Carbon Dioxide - also here
  7. May 3, 2006 - Global Warming Cited in Wind Shift - also here
  8. May 3, 2006 - Global Warming Slows the Winds
  9. May 3, 2006 - Global warming weakens Pacific winds
  10. May 3, 2006 - Slowdown In Tropical Pacific Flow Pinned On Climate Change - also here, here, here
  11. May 4, 2006 - Global warming may weaken Pacific current
  12. May 4, 2006 - Man-Made Climate Change
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Black Holes Collide, and Gravity Quivers
Background


Quark structure of protons

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - In Protons, Virtual Strange Quarks Less Prevalent than Thought
  2. May 5, 2006 - Up and Down, but Not Strange
  3. May 22, 2006 - Proton May Not Be All That Strange
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Nanotubes Act As 'Thermal Velcro' To Reduce Computer-chip Heating - also here, here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Researchers demonstrate New Method for Rapid Molecule Sorting and Delivery
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - BabyBot -- Robot Modelled On Two Year-old Child -- Takes First Steps - also here, here, here
  2. May 5, 2006 - 'Baby' robot learns like a human
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - Computer Grid Helps Fight Avian Flu - also here, here
Background


Cyclic cosmology

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - 'Cyclic universe' can explain cosmological constant
  2. May 4, 2006 - Cyclic universe could explain cosmic balancing act
  3. May 5, 2006 - Cyclic universe could explain cosmological constant
  4. May 5, 2006 - One Big Bang, or were there many?
  5. May 8, 2006 - Recycled Universe: Theory Could Solve Cosmic Mystery
  6. May 10, 2006 - Is the Universe Older Than We Thought?
Background


Molecular electronics

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - Scientists demonstrate a breakthrough in fabricating molecular electronics
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - Hidden Star Explains Supernova Oddity
  2. May 5, 2006 - 'Chameleon' supernova had hidden accomplice
Background


Nitrogen and extraterrestrial life

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Follow The Nitrogen To Extraterrestrial Life; Narrow Search For Water May Miss Important Clues - also here, here, here
  2. May 12, 2006 - Follow the nitrogen
Background


Nanoscale computer architectures

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Engineers Announce Breakthrough In Semiconductor Spin Wave Research - also here, here
Background


Bionics

References:
  1. May 6, 2006 - Six-billion-dollar Human Is Becoming Reality, As Bionics Restores Or Expands Humans' Abilities
Background


Variations in the genetic code

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Variations in the genetic code of life
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Alzheimer's Theory Set for Drug Test - also here
  2. May 2, 2006 - Research Reveals Possible Future Target For Delaying Or Stopping Alzheimer's - also here
Background


Mechanism of DNA damage

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Environmental DNA Damage May Drive Human Mutation
  2. May 1, 2006 - Environmental Triggers May Promote Human Genetic Variation - also here
Background


Varying rates of molecular evolution

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Evolution Gets Hot and Steamy
  2. May 2, 2006 - Tropics the hot spot for speedy evolution
  3. May 2, 2006 - Researchers get warm in quest to solve evolutionary mystery
Background


Polymer nanotubes for imaging and drug delivery

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - Polymer Nanotubes as Molecular Probes and DNA Carriers
Background


Neurogenesis and learning

References:
  1. May 1, 2006 - No role for neurogenesis in enrichment?
  2. May 3, 2006 - New Neurons Not So Important?
Background


Taurine and high-fat diets

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Sushi's Slimming Secret?
Background


Identifying protease substrates for drug discovery

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Researchers Discover New Biotechnology For Crafting Pharmaceuticals To Outsmart Disease - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Targeted Virus Compels Cancer Cells To Eat Themselves - also here, here, here
  2. May 3, 2006 - Inhibiting Cell Process May Give Cancer Drug A Boost - also here, here
  3. May 3, 2006 - Why mice don't get cancer of the retina
  4. May 4, 2006 - Vitamin A-like Drug Cuts The Risk Of Second Breast Cancers In Young Women - also here
  5. May 4, 2006 - Should Older Men Be Screened For Prostate Cancer? - also here
  6. May 6, 2006 - Cancer Therapy Based On Anatomical Location May Soon Be Obsolete - also here
  7. May 7, 2006 - Gene Marker Indicates Prostate Cancer Risk - also here
  8. May 8, 2006 - Genetic Insights May Explain Retinal Growth, Eye Cancer - also here
Background


Nanoparticles and cancer therapy

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Nanoparticles May Help Detect, Treat Tumors - also here, here, here
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Diabetes raises early death risk
Background


Agrin and modulation of neuron action potentials

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Protein's Potential As A Regulator Of Brain Activity Discovered - also here
Background


Genetics of altruism in a lizard species

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Nice Guys Do Finish First In Lizards' Evolutionary Race
  2. May 2, 2006 - The Greenbeards Have Blue Throats In The Evolution Of Altruistic Behavior
  3. May 4, 2006 - Greenbeards Have Blue Throats In Breakthrough Study Of Evolution Of Altruistic Behavior - also here, here
  4. May 11, 2006 - Lizards Provide Evidence for a Theory of Altruism
Background


Hypothalamus enzyme and body weight control

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Eat Less, Weigh More? Enzyme Makes Lean Mice 'Susceptible' To Dietary Fat - also here, here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Test Of Bird Flu Vaccine Proves Successful - also here, here, here
  2. May 2, 2006 - Turning to Chickens in Fight With Bird Flu
  3. May 3, 2006 - There's more than one bird flu, experts warn
  4. May 3, 2006 - Flu Drug Tamiflu Fares Well in Testing - also here, here
  5. May 4, 2006 - Bird Flu Expert Says H5N1 Worst He's Seen - also here here
  6. May 4, 2006 - Way to mass produce key bird flu drug revealed
  7. May 4, 2006 - Possible seasonal shot seen for bird flu
  8. May 4, 2006 - Flu pandemic may be caused by another virus: WHO official
  9. May 4, 2006 - 5 Drug Companies Get Flu Vaccine Funding - also here
  10. May 6, 2006 - US awards one billion dollar bird flu vaccine contracts
Background


Agricultural biotechnology

References:
  1. May 2, 2006 - Despite Pesticide Reductions, Transgenic Cotton Fails to Improve Biodiversity
Background


The immune system

References:
  1. May 3, 2006 - T Cell 'Brakes' Lost During Human Evolution - also here, here
  2. May 7, 2006 - Halting Histamine Action Means Hallelujah For Hay Fever Sufferers - also here
Background


Ultraconserved mobile DNA sequences

References:
  1. May 3, 2006 - Mobile DNA Part Of Evolution's Toolbox - also here, here
Background


Gene transcription maps of mice and humans

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - Learning The Language Of DNA - also here, here, here
Background


Hepatitis

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - The Hunt for a Hepatitis C Vaccine is Under Way
  2. May 4, 2006 - Could A Popular HIV Drug Benefit Hepatitis B Patients? - also here, here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - The Brain's Motivation Station - also here
  2. May 4, 2006 - Deciding With Dread
  3. May 5, 2006 - Dread lights up like pain in your brain
  4. May 5, 2006 - Neurobiology Of Dread Gives Scientists Clues About Human Decision Making - also here, here
Background


Intelligence in monkeys

References:
  1. May 4, 2006 - Monkeys draw novel conclusions, researchers say
Background


Periodontitis, C-reactive protein, and inflammation

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Periodontitis May Increase C-reactive Protein Levels In Pregnancy - also here, here
Background, Background


Influenza

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - H5N1 Threat Puts Human Flu Back In Spotlight - also here
  2. May 5, 2006 - Scientist seeks quicker Tamiflu
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - New Study Reveals Structure Of E. Coli Multidrug Transporter Protein; Could Aid In Fight Against Drug-resistant Bacteria - also here
Background


Lack of Hox gene system in Cnidaria

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Evolution Reveals An Independent Route For Diversity In Animal Form - also here
Background


Molecular roots of sensory plasticity

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Research Shows How Visual Stimulation Turns Up Genes To Shape The Brain - also here, here
  2. May 5, 2006 - Brain shape development studied
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Stem Cells Can Repair Torn Tendons Or Ligaments - also here
Background


Telomerase

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Cancer agent mysteries revealed
Background


Methylation and gene regulation

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Novel Enzyme Offers New Look At Male Hormone Regulation - also here
Background


Error-prone DNA repair

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Molecular Security Mechanism For Keeping Mutations In Check - also here, here
Background


Plant root development

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Key root-development pathway mapped using advanced genomic technique
Background


Genetics of tree flowering

References:
  1. May 5, 2006 - Important gene controlling tree growth and development found
  2. May 7, 2006 - Scientists discover that ancient genes dictate flowering, fall bud set - also here
Background


Embryonic development of retinal cells

References:
  1. May 6, 2006 - Study Provides First Look At The 'Birth' Of A Retina Cell - also here, here
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. May 6, 2006 - Team Singles Out Cancer Stem Cells For Attack - also here
Background


Growth of fat cells

References:
  1. May 6, 2006 - Expanding Waistlines Triggered By Your Genes - also here
  2. May 7, 2006 - In 3D, Early Fat Development First Requires 'Remodeling' - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. May 6, 2006 - Parkinson's 'targets cell boiler'
Background


Number sense

References:
  1. May 6, 2006 - Wired for math
Background, Background


Viral genomic residue after infection

References:
  1. May 7, 2006 - Viral Genomic Material Remains In The Human Body Long After Infection
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved