Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 5, Number 29
July 17, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Research using supercomputers
Global warming
Controlling intense light pulses
Magnetoresistive random-access memory
Black holes
Growth of early quasars
Variability of fundamental constants
Bacterial fuel cells
Molecular electronics
Brain-computer interfaces
Lattice quantum chromodynamics
Quark-gluon plasma
Bose-Einstein condensates
Nanotechnology
Paint-on semiconductors
Prosthetic retina
Quantum computing
"Silent" earthquakes
Electron spin-charge separation

Life sciences

Stem cells
Gene therapy
Cancer
Language learning in infants
Vaccines
Evolution of animal size
Microtubules
START brain model
Parkinson's disease
Bacterial nanowires
Evolution
Sleep and memory
Episodic memory in animals
Immune system regulation
Developmental biology
Prions
Systems biology and the immune system
Language processing
Stem cells and the immune system
Cell adhesion and detachment
Alzheimer's disease
Psilocybin
Brain-imaging studies
Brain simulation
Apoptosis and mitochondria
AIDS
Avian flu
Rapid genome sequencing
Protein crystallization technique
Homo floresiensis
Protection of DNA during cell division


Research using supercomputers

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - The brain, traffic and nano-circuits - e-Science takes on major challenges
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Alpine Glaciers Could All But Disappear Within This Century - also here
Background


Controlling intense light pulses

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Pulsating Pulses
Background


Magnetoresistive random-access memory

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - 'Magnetic memory' chip unveiled
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Black Holes: Solving Mysteries Creates More Mysteries
Background


Growth of early quasars

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Earliest black holes bent the laws of physics
Background, Background


Variability of fundamental constants

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Scientists Question Nature's Fundamental Laws
Background


Bacterial fuel cells

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Bacteria made to sprout conducting nanowires
Background


Molecular electronics

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Chemistry Research Could Produce Faster Computers
Background


Brain-computer interfaces

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Brain-implant enables mind over matter
  2. July 12, 2006 - Mind Over Matter
  3. July 12, 2006 - Paralyzed man moves computer cursor through thought - also here
  4. July 12, 2006 - Bionic brains become a reality
  5. July 13, 2006 - Tiny Chip Converts Paraplegic's Thought into Action
  6. July 13, 2006 - Brain-computer Link Lets Paralyzed Patients Convert Thoughts Into Actions
  7. July 13, 2006 - Brain-computer link allows paralyzed patient to manipulate devices by thought
  8. July 13, 2006 - Paralyzed Man Uses Thoughts to Move a Cursor
  9. July 13, 2006 - Computer works by thought alone
  10. July 13, 2006 - Quadriplegic Turns Thoughts Into Action
Background


Lattice quantum chromodynamics

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Supercomputers Help Physicists Understand A Force Of Nature - also here
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Project Explores Seconds That Shaped The Universe - also here, here
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Ancient Pigment Reveals Secrets About Unusual State Of Matter
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Sharply Tuned Nanostrings Work At Room Temperature - also here
  2. July 13, 2006 - Engineers Use DNA To Direct Nanowire Assembly And Growth - also here
  3. July 13, 2006 - Twin friction-tricks grease nano-wheels
  4. July 14, 2006 - Towards frictionless nanomachines
Background


Paint-on semiconductors

References:
  1. July 13, 2006 - Paint-on Semiconductor Outperforms Chips - also here
Background


Prosthetic retina

References:
  1. July 13, 2006 - Digital technology may help restore sight
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. July 14, 2006 - Laser Tweezers Sort Atoms: Major Hurdle On Path To Quantum Computer - also here
Background


"Silent" earthquakes

References:
  1. July 15, 2006 - Tiny Tremors And Earthquakes Provide Intriguing Clues About Seismic Activity - also here
  2. July 24, 2006 - Puzzling 'silent' quakes may hint at big temblors
  3. July 26, 2006 - Research Unlocks Secrets of Tiny Tremors - also here
Background


Electron spin-charge separation

References:
  1. July 16, 2006 - First Direct Observations Of Spinons And Holons - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - World-first Stem Cell Research Could Aid Male Infertility - also here
  2. July 10, 2006 - 'Lab-made sperm' fertility hope
  3. July 10, 2006 - Mice born from stem-cell sperm
  4. July 11, 2006 - Stem cells turned into sperm
  5. July 11, 2006 - Sperm Created In The Laboratory From Embryonic Stem Cells Produce Viable Progeny - also here
  6. July 11, 2006 - Scientists Make Mice From Sperm-Like Cells - also here
  7. July 11, 2006 - Your Father Was a Stem Cell
  8. July 11, 2006 - Stem-cell sperm produce offspring
  9. July 12, 2006 - New Source Of Multipotent Adult Stem Cells Discovered In Human Hair Follicles - also here
  10. July 12, 2006 - Scalp tissue might become stem cell source
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Magnets may target gene therapy
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Study shows suppression of telomerase enzyme can inhibit spread of melanoma
  2. July 11, 2006 - Higher risk for cervical cancer seen among women infected with multiple HPV types
  3. July 12, 2006 - 3-D Model Reveals Secrets Of Metastasis - also here
  4. July 12, 2006 - Imaging Technology Points To Small Molecules That Can Fight Treatment-resistant Tumors - also here
  5. July 13, 2006 - Tumor Wizardry Wards Off Attacks From The Immune System - also here, here
  6. July 14, 2006 - Researchers Unveil Strategy For Creating Actively Programmed Anti-cancer Molecules
  7. July 15, 2006 - Using Tobacco To Fight Cancer: Scientists Engineer Tobacco-Made Antibodies Targeting Cancer Cells
Background


Language learning in infants

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Practice Builds Brain Connections For Babies Learning Language, How To Speak - also here
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Producing Flu Vaccines Will Be Faster And Cheaper - also here
Background


Evolution of animal size

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Midgets And Giants In The Deep Sea
Background


Microtubules

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Finding About Cellular Microtubule Rigidity Could Lead To Development Of New Nano-materials - also here
Background, Background


START brain model

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - New Model Of Brain Sheds Light On Triggers Of Autism - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - More Getting Parkinson's Before Age 50 - also here
  2. July 14, 2006 - Neurons return in damaged brains
Background


Bacterial nanowires

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Microbiologist Discovers Our Planet Is Hard-wired With Electricity-producing Bacteria
  2. July 11, 2006 - Nanowires common in bacteria?
  3. July 11, 2006 - Bacteria made to sprout conducting nanowires
Background


Evolution

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Discovery of Genetic Mutation in Florida Beach Mice
  2. July 13, 2006 - Scientists Discover An Ancient Predator-Prey Relationship
  3. July 13, 2006 - Evolution caught in the act
  4. July 13, 2006 - Finches on Galapagos Islands Evolving - also here
  5. July 17, 2006 - Darwin's finches evolving fast
Background


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. July 10, 2006 - Sleep Strengthens Memory - also here
  2. July 11, 2006 - Snooze or Lose: Memory Retention Enhanced by Sleep
  3. July 11, 2006 - Sleep Strengthens Memories And Makes Them Resistant To Interfering Information - also here, here
Background


Episodic memory in animals

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Researchers Discover 'Episodic-like' Memory In Rats - also here
Background


Immune system regulation

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Natural Approach To Immune Regulation May Help Transplant Patients
Background


Developmental biology

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Making A Face: A New And Earlier Marker Of Neural Crest Development - also here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. July 11, 2006 - Mad cow disease might linger longer
Background


Systems biology and the immune system

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - New Program Aims To Model Immune Responses And Key Infectious Diseases - also here
Background, Background


Language processing

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Making Sense of Nonsense
Background


Stem cells and the immune system

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Donor T Cells Change The Fate Of Stem Cells In Transplantation - also here
Background, Background


Cell adhesion and detachment

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Researchers Discover Communication Signal For Tissue Development - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Could A Protein Linked To Alzheimer's Be Related To Vision Loss In Seniors
  2. July 15, 2006 - Measuring Proteins In Spinal Fluid May Provide Early Clue To Alzheimer's Disease
Background


Psilocybin

References:
  1. July 12, 2006 - Neuroscientists Probe Psychedelic Psilocybin
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 13, 2006 - Political Allegiance Impacts Brain's Response To Candidates
  2. July 13, 2006 - Researchers Discover Key Deficiencies In Brains Of People With Autism - also here
  3. July 13, 2006 - Researchers gain insight into why brain areas fail to work together in autism
  4. July 22, 2006 - How people with autism miss the big picture
Background


Brain simulation

References:
  1. July 13, 2006 - Scientists Build Brain Box Computer
Background


Apoptosis and mitochondria

References:
  1. July 13, 2006 - Scientists Identify Protein With A Crucial Role In Cell Death
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 13, 2006 - F.D.A. Backs AIDS Pill to Be Taken Once a Day
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 14, 2006 - Bird flu claims 41st life in Indonesia
  2. July 16, 2006 - Indonesian Man Dies From Bird Flu - also here
Background


Rapid genome sequencing

References:
  1. July 15, 2006 - New Tool Cracks Genomic Code Quicker Than Ever - also here, here
Background


Protein crystallization technique

References:
  1. July 15, 2006 - Gel crystallises protein make-up
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. July 15, 2006 - Little Ancestor, Big Debate: Tiny islanders' identity sparks dispute
  2. July 15, 2006 - Did small hominids have a genetic defect?
Background


Protection of DNA during cell division

References:
  1. July 16, 2006 - A Protein Complex That Untangles DNA
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved