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Volume 5, Number 34
August 21, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Global warming
Quantum dot DNA detector
Very young stars near Milky Way's center
Star formation
Deuterium in the Milky Way
Planet-forming discs
The Poincaré conjecture
Robotics
Hurricanes and global warming
Fine structure constant
Minimal surfaces
Applied topology
Spintronics
Atomic switching
Lower mass limit for star formation
Early high-mass disk galaxies
Exotic superconductivity
Ballistic deflection transistors
Pinwheel stars
Fuel cells
Nanotechnology

Life sciences

Cancer
Carbon nanotubes and drug delivery
AIDS
Cytokine storm
Brain cell death
Neurodegenerative disease and tRNA synthetase Orexin, physical activity, and obesity
Non-coding RNA and human growth hormone
Brain-imaging studies
Avian flu
Alzheimer's disease
SiRNA therapy for ovarian cancer
Flu viruses
Gene linked to evolutionary brain growth
Neurobiology of invertebrates
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Ecological roles of bacteria
Stem cells and cancer
Longevity genes and cancer
Archaea
Cell polarity
Genetics of cardiomyopathy
Structure of key Yersinia pestis enzyme
Sequencing of bovine genome
Regulation of brain cell activity
Brain cell regeneration
Diabetes
Immune system regulation
Brain plasticity
Enzyme structure and antibiotic resistance
New antibiotic for Staphylococcus aureus
Brain organization of the feeding cycle


Global warming

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - 'More disasters' for warmer world
  2. August 15, 2006 - More fires, droughts and floods predicted
  3. August 15, 2006 - Forecast puts Earth's future under a cloud
  4. August 20, 2006 - Ozone-friendly chemicals lead to warming - also here
Background


Quantum dot DNA detector

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Digital DNA detector spots single molecules
Background, Background


Very young stars near Milky Way's center

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Baby star found near galaxy's violent centre
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Star Warp: Long-Sought Shapely Space Figure Found
  2. August 15, 2006 - Large And Small Stars In Harmonious Coexistence - also here, here, here
Background


Deuterium in the Milky Way

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Milky Way's gas may be down to cannibal diet
  2. August 15, 2006 - Hydrogen find alters galaxy theory
  3. August 15, 2006 - 'Hidden' Milky Way deuterium found
  4. August 15, 2006 - The Deuterium Puzzle Solved?
  5. August 16, 2006 - Surprising Telescope Observations Shake Up Galactic Formation Theories - also here
  6. August 21, 2006 - Heavy hydrogen clumps in space
  7. August 21, 2006 - Playing Hide and Seek With Deuterium
  8. August 21, 2006 - Missing Gas Found in Milky Way
  9. August 30, 2006 - Hidden hydrogen could force galaxy rethink
Background


Planet-forming discs

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Thousands of planet-forming discs discovered
  2. August 15, 2006 - NASA's Spitzer Digs Up Troves Of Possible Solar Systems In Orion
  3. August 15, 2006 - Spitzer Reveals New Wonders in the Familiar Orion Nebula
Background


The Poincaré conjecture

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Elusive Proof, Elusive Prover: A New Mathematical Mystery
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Robot team-mates tap into each others' talents
Background


Hurricanes and global warming

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Global warming affects hurricane intensity
  2. August 15, 2006 - Establishing A Connection Between Global Warming And Hurricane Intensity - also here
  3. August 17, 2006 - Hurricanes Heating Up
Background


Fine structure constant

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Atoms Looser Than Expected: Single-electron Merry-go-round Measures Universal Atomic Force - also here
Background


Minimal surfaces

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Mathematicians Maximize Knowledge Of Minimal Surfaces - also here
Background


Applied topology

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Mathematician Uses Topology To Study Abstract Spaces, Solve Problems - also here
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - 'Electron-spin' trick boosts quantum computing
Background, Background


Atomic switching

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Atomic hopper shows promise for nano switching
  2. August 18, 2006 - Scientists Use Electron Beam To Unravel The Secrets Of An 'Atomic Switch' - also here, here
Background


Lower mass limit for star formation

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Mass cut-off between stars and brown dwarfs revealed
  2. August 17, 2006 - Hubble glimpses faintest stars
  3. August 18, 2006 - Astronomers Uncover Faintest Stars Ever Seen In Ancient Star Cluster
  4. August 18, 2006 - For Stars, Size Determines Destiny, Hubble Confirms
  5. August 21, 2006 - Hubble sees faintest stars in a globular cluster
  6. August 21, 2006 - Hubble images some of galaxy's dimmest stars
  7. August 21, 2006 - Astronomers see faintest stars in a globular cluster
Background


Early high-mass disk galaxies

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Far away galaxy under the microscope - also here, here
Background


Exotic superconductivity

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Physicist Discovers Exotic Superconductivity - also here
Background


Ballistic deflection transistors

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Radical 'Ballistic Computing' Chip Bounces Electrons Around Like Billiards - also here
Background


Pinwheel stars

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Mystery Of Quintuplet Stars In Milky Way Solved - also here
  2. August 21, 2006 - Scientists find 'pinwheels' in Quintuplet cluster
  3. September 4, 2006 - Strange Space Pinwheels Spotted
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - New Advanced Imaging Facility Peers Inside Hydrogen Fuel Cells - also here, here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Bacteria-based nanoclusters
  2. August 19, 2006 - Molecules Spontaneously Form Honeycomb Network Featuring Pores Of Unprecedented Size - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - From woad warriors to cancer-buster
  2. August 14, 2006 - Ancient War Paint In Fight Against Breast Cancer - also here, here
  3. August 14, 2006 - Immunosuppression Transplant Drug Shown To Inhibit Angiogenesis In Cancerous Tumors
  4. August 15, 2006 - Researchers Discover A Unique Pattern Of Gene Activity That Can Predict Liver Cancer Spread
  5. August 15, 2006 - Rapamycin shown to inhibit angiogenesis
  6. August 15, 2006 - Rare -- But Aggressive -- Form of Breast Cancer Undetectable By Mammogram
  7. August 15, 2006 - Diet, Stress Management May Help Slow Spread Of Prostate Cancer
  8. August 16, 2006 - Researchers Explore Nanotechnology As Diagnostic And Treatment Tool For Ovarian Cancer - also here, here
  9. August 16, 2006 - New findings offer more complete view of breast cancer gene mutations in US population
  10. August 16, 2006 - Low-risk prostate cancer often overtreated
  11. August 16, 2006 - Low-risk prostate cancer patients face overtreatment
  12. August 16, 2006 - Study Finds Some Prostate Cancer Patients Potentially Overtreated
  13. August 16, 2006 - PSA test has higher accuracy for patients taking finasteride
  14. August 16, 2006 - Decrease in progression of prostate cancer
  15. August 17, 2006 - Novel drug selectively kills prostate cancer cells
  16. August 17, 2006 - IVF test picks up breast cancer risk
  17. August 18, 2006 - Obese men fare well after prostate cancer surgery
  18. August 18, 2006 - Core Needle Biopsy Gives An Accurate Picture Of Gene Expression In Whole Tumour - also here
  19. August 18, 2006 - Researchers Discover How Acid Reflux Leads To Esophageal Cancer - also here
  20. August 18, 2006 - Gene Gives a Boost to Tumor Suppression
  21. August 19, 2006 - New breast cancer test 'reliable'
Background


Carbon nanotubes and drug delivery

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Nanotube Coating Meshes with Living Cells
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - No-drug therapy boosts immune reaction to HIV
  2. August 14, 2006 - Study Shows Promise For Simplified Treatment Of HIV Infection
  3. August 14, 2006 - HIV's Cellular Kiss Of Death Explains Loss Of Uninfected T Cells In AIDS
  4. August 14, 2006 - T cells activated to fight HIV basis for dendritic cell therapeutic vaccine
  5. August 15, 2006 - Rapid HIV test found highly effective
  6. August 15, 2006 - Bid to solve riddle of 'natural resistance' to HIV
  7. August 15, 2006 - Health experts look to new weapons to battle AIDS
  8. August 15, 2006 - Don't give up on HIV vaccine quest, scientists urged
  9. August 16, 2006 - "Elite" HIV patients mystify doctors
  10. August 16, 2006 - Future seen promising for AIDS vaccine
  11. August 16, 2006 - At AIDS Conference, Vaccines Take a Back Seat to Microbicides
  12. August 17, 2006 - AIDS Study Focuses on 'Elite Controllers'
  13. August 18, 2006 - Single-Drug AIDS Treatment Rivals Traditional Cocktail in Studies
  14. August 19, 2006 - Researchers Seek To Solve Mystery Of Natural HIV Control - also here
  15. August 20, 2006 - How HIV 'burns out' the human immune system
  16. August 20, 2006 - HIV 'switches off' immune cells
  17. August 21, 2006 - Molecular switch may turn off immune cells that target HIV
  18. August 21, 2006 - HIV Turns Off Immune Cells
  19. August 21, 2006 - How HIV 'Exhausts' Killer T Cells - also here
  20. August 21, 2006 - Protein Made by Lower Primates Combats HIV
  21. August 22, 2006 - Immune system's HIV troubles discovered
Background


Cytokine storm

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Mystery over drug trial debacle deepens
  2. August 14, 2006 - Drug trial victims suffered immune system overload
  3. August 14, 2006 - Verdict confirms fate of 'elephant man' drug volunteers
Background


Brain cell death

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - New Neurons Need Signals to Survive
  2. August 14, 2006 - Life and death in the hippocampus: what young neurons need to survive - also here
  3. August 16, 2006 - New brain cells die without a job to do
Background


Neurodegenerative disease and tRNA synthetase

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - 'Sticky' mice lead to discovery of new cause of neurodegenerative disease
Background


Orexin, physical activity, and obesity

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Being Obese And A Couch Potato May Have A Biological Basis In The Brain - also here, here
  2. August 15, 2006 - Eat More, Weigh Less
Background, Background


Non-coding RNA and human growth hormone

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Remote control for human growth hormone gene expression
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Pure Novelty Spurs The Brain - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 14, 2006 - Lesser Bird Flu May Be Here - also here
  2. August 16, 2006 - New Bird Flu Drugs Possible, Study Says - also here
  3. August 17, 2006 - Bird flu 'endemic' and on the move in Asia: UN
  4. August 19, 2006 - Bird flu vaccine could spread disease
  5. August 20, 2006 - Indonesia confirms 46th bird flu death
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 15, 2006 - Simple skin test may spot Alzheimer's early
  2. August 15, 2006 - Finding may lead to skin test for Alzheimer's
  3. August 15, 2006 - Early Alzheimer's skin test hope
Background


SiRNA therapy for ovarian cancer

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Fatty Nano Spheres Loaded With SiRNA Shrink Ovarian Cancer Tumors In Preclinical Trial - also here
Background


Flu viruses

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Scientists hail breakthrough in bird flu drug quest
  2. August 16, 2006 - Chink found in flu virus enzymes
Background, Background


Gene linked to evolutionary brain growth

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Fastest-evolving human gene linked to brain boost
  2. August 16, 2006 - Scientists Find Brain Evolution Gene - also here
  3. August 17, 2006 - Newly Discovered Gene May Hold Clues To Evolution Of Human Brain Capacity - also here
  4. August 17, 2006 - Researchers Identify Human DNA on the Fast Track
  5. August 17, 2006 - Brain gene shows dramatic difference from chimp to human
  6. August 17, 2006 - Research finds 'unique human DNA'
  7. August 17, 2006 - Scientists Identify Gene Difference Between Humans and Chimps
  8. August 17, 2006 - Mutated gene may offer clue to why all brains are not equal
  9. August 17, 2006 - Human Evolution, Genome Style
  10. August 19, 2008 - Evolution's DNA difference: noncoding gene tied to origin of human brain
  11. August 29, 2006 - Fast-evolving DNA may account for differences between human, chimp brains
Background, Background


Neurobiology of invertebrates

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Flies, Moths And Cuttlefish: Spineless Tales Provide Strong Backbone To Human Brain Research - also here, here
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Staph Skin Infections on Rise in U.S.
  2. August 20, 2006 - MRSA Most Common Cause Of Skin Infections In Nation's Emergency Rooms - also here
Background, Background


Ecological roles of bacteria

References:
  1. August 16, 2006 - Bacteria Can Help Predict Ocean Change - also here
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Cancer Stem Cells Spur Glioma Angiogenesis, Could Hold Key To Brain Tumor Therapy - also here
Background, Background


Longevity genes and cancer

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Longevity genes fight cancer at its source
  2. August 17, 2006 - Longevity genes fight back at cancer
Background, Background


Archaea

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Ammonia-loving Archaea Win Landslide Majority - also here
  2. August 17, 2006 - Novel microorganisms play major role in one of nature's most important processes
  3. August 22, 2006 - Revealing the earth's secrets
Background


Cell polarity

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Biologists Uncover Mechanisms That Shape Cells For Better Or Worse - also here
Background


Genetics of cardiomyopathy

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Ilk Gene Underlies Heart Failure
  2. August 20, 2006 - Genetic Clues To Cardiomyopathy's Origins Revealed In Mice - also here
Background


Structure of key Yersinia pestis enzyme

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Structure Of Key Enzyme In Plague Bacterium Found - also here
Background, Background


Sequencing of bovine genome

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Completed genome set to transform the cow - also here, here
Background


Regulation of brain cell activity

References:
  1. August 17, 2006 - Brain cell potassium regulator is studied
  2. August 19, 2006 - Study Finds Brain Cell Regulator Is Volume Control, Not On/off Switch
Background


Brain cell regeneration

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Adult brain cells made to multiply and regenerate
  2. August 18, 2006 - Healing Potential Discovered In Everyday Human Brain Cells - also here
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Carpal tunnel may be sign of impending diabetes
Background


Immune system regulation

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Research Reveals Inner Workings Of Immune System 'Thermostat' - also here
Background


Brain plasticity

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - Study Provides Insight Into How The Brain Loses Plasticity Of Youth
Background


Enzyme structure and antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - 3-D Forms Link Antibiotic Resistance And Brain Disease - also here
Background, Background


New antibiotic for Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. August 18, 2006 - New Treatment -- First In Years -- Demonstrated For Dangerous Staph Infections - also here
Background


Brain organization of the feeding cycle

References:
  1. August 20, 2006 - Mapping The Neural Landscape Of Hunger - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved