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Volume 5, Number 42
October 16, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Extrasolar planets
Supernovae
Microfluidics
Solar energy
Superconductivity
Oxygen and astrobiology
Optical quantum information network
Orbital variation and climate change
Detailed measurements of black holes
Growth of massive galaxies
Global warming
Extreme ultraviolet lithiography
Gravitational wave astronomy
Nanotechnology
Spintronics
Quantum technology to control molecules
Methane on Titan

Life sciences

Cancer
Naked mole rats and aging
Plant stanols and LDL cholesterol
Apolipoprotein A5, diet, and heart disease
Homo floresiensis
Exercise, oxidative stress, and longevity
Nanoparticle drug delivery
Alzheimer's disease
Interleukin-10 and inflammation
Trans fats
Vision, image stabilization, and object recognition
Intrinsically unstructured proteins
Phytochemicals in acorns
Spatial memory in birds
Genome analysis of common diseases
Stem cells
Antiviral immune response and bacterial infection
Human brain evolution
Brain-imaging studies
Neanderthal DNA
Tuberculosis
AIDS
Optical mapping of genomes
Regeneration of damaged heart tissue
Protective effect of walnuts for atherosclerosis
Brain-computer interface
Coevolution of symbiont bacteria and insects
Smallest genome
Ancient embryos
Development of tubules
Influence of a parasite on evolution
Cox-2 and cardiovascular disease
Stem cells and cancer
Thyroid hormone and longevity in rodents
Avian flu
Growth process of axons
Insulin-degrading enzyme
Insulin-like growth factor 1
Polyunsaturated fatty acids and heart disease
Dopamine and sleep regulation
Human-chimp DNA differences
Periodontal disease and stroke
Cyclin-dependent kinase 2
Cellular mechanism for detecting virus RNA
Activation of T lymphocytes
Acetylcholine and memory
Antibiotics
Autism
Sex-determining genes
Color perception vs. expectation
Development of eyes


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Astronomers confirm planets form from disks around stars
  2. October 9, 2006 - Hubble Zeroes In On Nearest Known Exoplanet, Confirms That Planets Form From Disks Around Stars
  3. October 9, 2006 - Nearest Planet Beyond Solar System Might Be Photogenic
  4. October 12, 2006 - Astronomers First To Measure Night And Day On Extrasolar Planet - also here, here
  5. October 12, 2006 - Distant Planet is Half Fire, Half Ice
  6. October 13, 2006 - Night and Day--Trillions of Kilometers Away
  7. October 13, 2006 - Day and Night Temps Measured on an Extrasolar Planet
  8. October 13, 2006 - 'Most distant' weather pictures
  9. October 23, 2006 - A Planet that Runs Hot and Cold
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Astronomers See Early Stages of Star Explosions
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Electromagnetic Miniatures
Background


Solar energy

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Tuning the Sun's Rays
  2. October 13, 2006 - A Boost For Solar Cells With Photon Fusion - also here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Superconductivity fights back
Background


Oxygen and astrobiology

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Difficult atmosphere for finding aliens
Background


Optical quantum information network

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Glass Micro-Rings Show Their Worth as Quantum Test Bed
Background


Orbital variation and climate change

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Earth's Tilt Spawns Rise and Fall of Species
Background


Detailed measurements of black holes

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Scientists Nudge Closer To The Edge Of A Black Hole
Background


Growth of massive galaxies

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Large Galaxy Caught in the Making
  2. October 13, 2006 - Flies In A Spider's Web: Galaxy Caught In The Making - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Group Warns African Mountains Will Lose Ice Caps - also here, here
  2. October 12, 2006 - Big bogs spurred ancient global warming
  3. October 13, 2006 - Bogs may have spurred global warming
  4. October 13, 2006 - Northern Bogs May Have Helped Kick-start Past Global Warming - also here, here
  5. October 13, 2006 - Expert: U.S. West Becoming Warmer Faster - also here
Background


Extreme ultraviolet lithiography

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Breakthrough May Help Industry Create More Powerful Computer Chips - also here
Background


Gravitational wave astronomy

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - The day LISA Pathfinder hung in the balance - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Nanosheets made by mimicking protein formation
  2. October 13, 2006 - Researchers make nanosheets that mimic protein formation
  3. October 13, 2006 - How can we make nanoscale capacitors even smaller? - also here, here
  4. October 13, 2006 - Polarized particles join toolbox for building unique structures
  5. October 13, 2006 - Fossilized liquid assembly: Nanomaterials research tool - also here, here
  6. October 14, 2006 - Nanoparticle Assembly Enters The Fast Lane - also here
  7. October 15, 2006 - A Ruler Of Gold And DNA: New Tool Could Expedite Scientists' Push To Learn How Genetic Information Is Processed
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Carbon-based spintronics may boost performance
  2. October 13, 2006 - Molecular spintronic action confirmed in nanostructure - also here
Background


Quantum technology to control molecules

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Laser controls chemical reaction rates
  2. October 13, 2006 - Team uses new Quantum Technology to control molecules - also here
Background, Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Flooded rivers seen in new Titan images
Background



Cancer

References:
  1. October 8, 2006 - Gene may hold breast cancer clue
  2. October 9, 2006 - New Breast Cancer Gene Found
  3. October 9, 2006 - Genetic mutation doubles breast cancer risk
  4. October 9, 2006 - A Tumor Suppressor That Promotes Cancer Cell Growth? - also here
  5. October 9, 2006 - Obesity may hamper prostate cancer detection
  6. October 9, 2006 - Expression of a membrane protein in peripheral tissue linked to cancer: A novel tumour marker
  7. October 9, 2006 - Breast cancer researchers report new insights into ductal carcinoma in situ
  8. October 10, 2006 - Pfizer's Sutent "effective for intestinal tumor"
  9. October 10, 2006 - Breast Cancer Findings Suggest New Ways To Detect And Destroy Cells Before They Become Cancerous
  10. October 10, 2006 - Potential New Target For Leukemia Treatment - also here
  11. October 11, 2006 - Red hair genes up skin cancer risk
  12. October 11, 2006 - Chemical Genomic Screening Identifies Novel Therapeutic Strategies For Cancer
  13. October 11, 2006 - A New Way To Treat Colon Cancer? - also here, here
  14. October 11, 2006 - Study Reveals Mechanism For Cancer-drug Resistance - also here, here
  15. October 11, 2006 - Researchers Develop Nanoparticle Sensor - also here
  16. October 12, 2006 - Lung Cancer Can Run in the Family - also here
  17. October 12, 2006 - Mouse Tests Predict Drug Response In Relapsing Pancreatic Cancer Patients - also here
  18. October 12, 2006 - Physicians Stop Liver Cancer with Millions of Glass Beads
  19. October 12, 2006 - Phase II Study: Revlimid successful
  20. October 12, 2006 - Researchers publish largest genome-wide study of prostate cancer in African American men - also here, here
  21. October 13, 2006 - Key To Lung Cancer Chemo Resistance Revealed - also here
  22. October 13, 2006 - Algae Provide New Clues To Cancer - also here, here
  23. October 13, 2006 - FDA approves skin cancer drug
Background


Naked mole rats and aging

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Naked Mole-rats Hold Clues to Human Aging
  2. October 10, 2006 - Naked Mole-Rat Unfazed By Oxidative Stress - also here, here
Background


Plant stanols and LDL cholesterol

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Stanol-enriched diet curbs bad cholesterol levels
  2. October 12, 2006 - Orange juice beverage fortified with plant sterols lowers indicators of heart disease risk - also here, here
Background


Apolipoprotein A5, diet, and heart disease

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Genes And Diet Linked To Risk Factors For Heart Disease - also here
Background, Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Taking sides in the battle of the 'hobbit'
  2. October 9, 2006 - Compelling Evidence Demonstrates That 'Hobbit' Fossil Does Not Represent A New Species Of Hominid - also here
  3. October 9, 2006 - Primate expert discounts Hobbit discovery
Background


Exercise, oxidative stress, and longevity

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - The Energy You Use Won't Shorten Your Life - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery

References:
  1. October 9, 2006 - Photochemistry Creates Drug-Trapping Nanoparticles
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Mediterranean diet helps against Alzheimer's
  2. October 11, 2006 - Pac Man enzyme key to new diabetes, Alzheimer drugs
  3. October 11, 2006 - Omega-3 Fatty Acids May Slow Cognitive Decline In Some Patients With Very Mild Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  4. October 11, 2006 - Omega-3 fatty acids may slow very early Alzheimer's
  5. October 12, 2006 - Mediterranean Diet Associated With Reduced Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  6. October 13, 2006 - Omega-3 Fatty Acids May Slow Down Early Alzheimer's In Some Cases - also here
Background


Interleukin-10 and inflammation

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Inflammation 'turned on' to fight killer viruses
  2. October 11, 2006 - Major Advance In The Fight Against Chronic Virus Infections - also here
Background


Trans fats

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - The Big Fat Truth
Background


Vision, image stabilization, and object recognition

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - More Than Meets The Eye - also here
Background


Intrinsically unstructured proteins

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - First Major Study Of Mammalian 'Disorderly' Proteins - also here
Background, Background


Phytochemicals in acorns

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - New Insights Into Healthful Compounds In Native American Diets
Background


Spatial memory in birds

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Memory researchers study nutcracker brain
  2. October 12, 2006 - Researcher Uncovering Mysteries Of Memory By Studying Clever Bird - also here
Background


Genome analysis of common diseases

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Study to genotype six common diseases
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Key gene in kidney development found
  2. October 14, 2006 - Key Gene Controlling Kidney Development Found - also here
  3. October 15, 2006 - Human Stem Cells Delay Start Of ALS In Rats - also here
Background


Antiviral immune response and bacterial infection

References:
  1. October 10, 2006 - Antiviral response promotes bacterial infection
Background


Human brain evolution

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - DNA trail points to human brain evolution
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Bound for Gloom and Doom?
Background


Neanderthal DNA

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Neanderthal DNA illuminates split with humans
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - New Blood Tests Aid Detection Of Latent Tuberculosis
  2. October 11, 2006 - Faster TB test 'could save lives'
  3. October 12, 2006 - New TB test quickly determines drug resistance
  4. October 12, 2006 - Faster, more accurate tuberculosis test developed - also here
  5. October 12, 2006 - New test for multi-drug resistant TB could save thousands of lives each year
  6. October 12, 2006 - New test for TB speeds detection
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Study IDs Protein That Inhibits HIV From Growing In Cell Cultures - also here
Background


Optical mapping of genomes

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Optical Mapping Reveals More Than Traditional DNA Sequencing - also here, here
Background


Regeneration of damaged heart tissue

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Enhancing Regeneration: Animal Study Suggests Novel Way To Reverse Heart-attack Damage - also here
Background, Background


Protective effect of walnuts for atherosclerosis

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Eating Walnuts With High-fat Meals Helps To Protect Arteries Against Short-term Damage - also here
Background, Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Teenager Moves Video Icons Just By Imagination
  2. October 12, 2006 - Teenager Plays Video Game Just By Thinking
Background


Coevolution of symbiont bacteria and insects

References:
  1. October 11, 2006 - Evolutionary Harmony For Stinkbugs And Their Gut Bacteria - also here
Background


Smallest genome

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Bacteria boast the 'tiniest genomes' to date
  2. October 12, 2006 - Tiny Genome May Reflect Organelle in the Making
  3. October 12, 2006 - Smallest genome clocks in at 182 genes
  4. October 12, 2006 - Smallest Genome of Living Creature Discovered
  5. October 13, 2006 - Researchers Find Smallest Cellular Genome - also here, here
  6. October 20, 2006 - Dead Bacteria Walking
Background


Ancient embryos

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - 500-million-year-old embryos give up their secrets
  2. October 12, 2006 - Oldest Embryo Fossils Provide Picture of Early Animal Life
  3. October 13, 2006 - Possible evidence of cell division, differentiation found in oldest known embryo fossils - also here
  4. October 13, 2006 - Embryo fossils reveal animal complexity 10 million years before Cambrian Explosion
  5. October 13, 2006 - Fossilized Embryos Reveal Complexity of Life
  6. October 13, 2006 - Tiny fossils reveal inner secrets
  7. October 13, 2006 - Embryo fossils give insight into first complex life
Background


Development of tubules

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - How Developing Organs Do the Splits
  2. October 13, 2006 - Tissue Geometry Plays Crucial Role In Breast Cell Invasion - also here
Background, Background


Influence of a parasite on evolution

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Evolutionary First: Parasite Reaches Beyond Host To Play Havoc With Others' Sex Lives
Background


Cox-2 and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Good, Bad Blood Cells: They Form Clots, Fight Inflammation - also here
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Researchers Discover Breast Cancer Stem Cells In Bone Marrow - also here
Background, Background


Thyroid hormone and longevity in rodents

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Longer-lived Rodents Have Lower Levels Of Thyroid Hormone - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Effective Booster Shot A Bit Of Good News Against Bird Flu - also here
  2. October 12, 2006 - Merits of Novel Bird Flu Vaccine Studied - also here, here
  3. October 13, 2006 - Effective Preventive Drug Against Bird Flu Developed In The Mouse - also here
  4. October 15, 2006 - Low-risk H5N1 bird flu in Ohio wild birds
Background


Growth process of axons

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Most important actors in the growth process of neurons identified
Background


Insulin-degrading enzyme

References:
  1. October 12, 2006 - Structure of enzyme offers treatment clues for diabetes, Alzheimer's - also here
Background, Background


Insulin-like growth factor 1

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - One gene between tiny dogs and giant ones?
Background


Polyunsaturated fatty acids and heart disease

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Polyunsaturated fatty acids improve heart disease
Background


Dopamine and sleep regulation

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Dopamine Imbalances Cause Sleep Disorders In Animal Models Of Parkinson's Disease And Schizophrenia - also here
Background, Background


Human-chimp DNA differences

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Comparing Chimp, Human DNA - also here, here
  2. October 13, 2006 - Comparing chimp and human DNA
Background


Periodontal disease and stroke

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - New Evidence Finds An Association Between Periodontal Disease And Stroke - also here
Background


Cyclin-dependent kinase 2

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Researchers discover protein as potential tactic to prevent tumors - also here
Background


Cellular mechanism for detecting virus RNA

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Molecular 'signature' protects cells from viruses - also here, here
Background


Activation of T lymphocytes

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Researchers provide insights into how the immune system avoids attacking itself - also here, here, here
Background


Acetylcholine and memory

References:
  1. October 13, 2006 - Researchers discover mechanism that determines when detailed memories are retained - also here, here, here
  2. October 31, 2006 - Neurotransmitter linked to memory clarity
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 14, 2006 - Killing Resistant Germs: Total Synthesis Of New Antibiotic Successful
Background


Autism

References:
  1. October 14, 2006 - Clue to flaws in autistic brain
Background


Sex-determining genes

References:
  1. October 15, 2006 - Gene mutation turns girls into boys
Background


Color perception vs. expectation

References:
  1. October 15, 2006 - Even black-and-white bananas look yellow
  2. October 19, 2006 - Yes, we have no blue bananas
Background


Development of eyes

References:
  1. October 15, 2006 - Vax And Pax: Taking Turns To Build An Eye - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved