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Volume 5, Number 50
December 11, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Type Ia supernovae
Global warming
Carbon nanotubes
Microfluidic devices
Black holes
Earthquakes
High-temperature superconductors
Nanowire memory
Water on Mars
Laser wakefield accelerators
Warming oceans and phytoplankton
Solar cells
Virtual reality and learning
Extrasolar planets
Production of hydrogen by photooxidation of water
Hydrogen storage
Axions
DNA nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Ancient climate change
Faster optical networking
Evidence for mantle plumes
Quantum cryptography
DNA logic circuits
High-density magnetic memory chips
High-density 3-D optical storage system

Life sciences

Stem cell biology
Sex and behavior in fruit flies
Clues to the evolution of sex
Psychopathy
Protein-DNA binding
Gendered division of labor
Organ regneration in newts
Virus mass determination
RNA crosstalk
Mechanism of forgetting
Cancer biology
Mouse brain genomic atlas
Consolidation of memory during sleep
Microbe metabolism using radiolysis
Telomerase, life span, and cancer
Development of gustation and Wnts
Olfaction
Evolution of altruism
Master regulatory protein
Conservation of myogenesis in evolution
Cooperation, reputation, and punishment
Origin of the Krebs cycle
Oxygen and the evolution of complex life
Nucleosomal DNA flexibility
Evolutionary developmental biology
Synaptic plasticity
Formation of long-term memory in fruit flies
Riboswitches
Stem cell biology
Systems biology model of the phagosome
Heterochromatin
Development of patterning
Recent instance of human evolution

Health and medicine

Cancer
Stem cell therapy for Parkinson's disease
Cancer vaccines
Computer simulation of tumor growth
Medical nanotechnology
Gene therapy
Antibiotics targeting riboswitches
Avian flu
Relapses in autoimmune diseases
Stem cells
Oxytocin
AIDS
Alzheimer's disease
Caloric restriction and the immune system
Cholesterol regulation
Antiviral drugs for influenza
Cocaine's method of action
Omega-3 fatty acids
Diabetes
Control of nicotine's effects on the brain
Cytokine storm produced by antibody drug
Obesity drug targeting CB1 receptor
Bioengineered heart muscle
Antibiotics targeting bacterial folate production
Use of RNAi in gene therapy


Type Ia supernovae

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Astronomers Study Shape Of Stellar Candles
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - 2006 unusually warm, but not hottest year
  2. December 4, 2006 - Experts worry warmer Earth will slash farm yields
  3. December 4, 2006 - Europe's warmest autumn in 500 years
  4. December 5, 2006 - Southern Ocean Could Slow Global Warming - also here
  5. December 5, 2006 - Alps warmest in 1,300 years as "winter" sets in - also here
  6. December 6, 2006 - New Study: Alps Warmest in 1,300 Years - also here , here
  7. December 6, 2006 - Alps Said to Be at Warmest in Centuries
  8. December 9, 2006 - Antarctica works as living global warming laboratory
  9. December 10, 2006 - Antarctic biologists fish for climate change clues
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Carbon Nanomaterials May Disperse More Widely In Waterways
  2. December 5, 2006 - Nanotube-Infested Waters Created in the Lab
Background


Microfluidic devices

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Print-and-Peel Method Creates Microfluidic Devices
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - How to feed a black hole
  2. December 5, 2006 - NASA Telescope Sees Black Hole Munch On A Star - also here, here, here, here, here
  3. December 5, 2006 - NASA telescope sees black hole gulping remote star - also here
  4. December 6, 2006 - Whole Black Hole Meal Observed
  5. December 7, 2006 - Black hole seen devouring star in best detail yet
  6. December 7, 2006 - No matter their size black holes 'feed' in the same way - also here
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Powerful Earthquakes Can Be Detected Within Two Seconds
Background


High-temperature superconductors

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - 'Stripes' And Superconductivity: Two Faces Of The Same Coin?
Background


Nanowire memory

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Nanowire memory could write data faster
Background, Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Water Still Flows In Brief Spurts On Mars, NASA Images Suggest
  2. December 6, 2006 - Water flows on Mars
  3. December 6, 2006 - Water could be flowing on Mars today
  4. December 6, 2006 - Water flows on Mars, before our very eyes
  5. December 6, 2006 - Martian Gullies Show Traces of Flowing Water within the Past Decade
  6. December 6, 2006 - Changing Mars Gullies Hint at Recent Flowing Water
  7. December 6, 2006 - Water 'flowed recently' on Mars
  8. December 6, 2006 - Strongest Proof Yet of Water Flow on Mars
  9. December 6, 2006 - New Evidence Found for Water on Mars
  10. December 6, 2006 - Scientists: Photos suggest recent water on Mars
  11. December 6, 2006 - Evidence Shows Water Flows on Mars
  12. December 7, 2006 - Spacecraft Fleet Zeroing In On Martian Water Reserves
  13. December 7, 2006 - Flowing Mud on Today's Mars?
  14. December 7, 2006 - Is this water on Mars?
  15. December 7, 2006 - Signs of liquid water add to "life on Mars" debate
  16. December 7, 2006 - Water has been flowing on Mars within past five years, Nasa says
  17. December 7, 2006 - Scientists believe they found evidence of recent water on Mars
  18. December 8, 2006 - NASA Images, White Sands Features Support A Wetter Mars - also here, here
  19. December 13, 2006 - Best Evidence Yet for Recent Water on Mars
Background


Laser wakefield accelerators

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Table-top particle accelerator created
  2. December 6, 2006 - "Tabletop" Particle Accelerator Boosts Electrons to Stable Energies
Background


Warming oceans and phytoplankton

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - NASA Data Reveals Climate Warming Reduces Ocean Food Supply - also here, here
  2. December 6, 2006 - NASA Data Reveals Climate Warming Reduces Ocean Food Supply - Related Multimedia
  3. December 6, 2006 - Warming oceans produce less phytoplankton
  4. December 6, 2006 - Global warming will stifle oceans: scientists
  5. December 6, 2006 - Global Warming Blues
  6. December 6, 2006 - Warmer climate means less plankton, big problems for ocean populations
  7. December 7, 2006 - Global Warming Is Reducing Ocean Life, Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide - also here
  8. December 8, 2006 - Global warming will reduce ocean productivity, marine life - also here
Background, Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Super-skinny solar cells soak up the sun
  2. December 7, 2006 - New World Record Achieved In Solar Cell Technology - also here
  3. December 8, 2006 - Superefficient, Cost-Effective Solar Cell Breaks Conversion Records
Background


Virtual reality and learning

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Virtual Reality Can Improve Memory -- Perhaps Too Much - also here
Background, Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Planet-detector nears its launch
Background


Production of hydrogen by photooxidation of water

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Unprecedented Efficiency In Producing Hydrogen From Water - also here
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Invention Could Solve 'Bottleneck' In Developing Pollution-free Cars - also here
Background


Axions

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Long the Fixation of Physicists Worldwide, a Tiny Particle Is Found
Background


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - DNA Strands Weaved into High-Complexity Logic Circuits and Multiple "Robot Arms"
  2. December 8, 2006 - Nanoscopic 'robot arms' built from DNA
  3. December 8, 2006 - Chemists Create 'Nanorobotic' Arm To Operate Within DNA Sequence - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Scientists Learning To Create Nanomaterials Based On Micro-algae Patterns - also here
Background


Ancient climate change

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Ancient Climate Change May Portend Toasty Future - also here
  2. December 8, 2006 - Global warming of the future is projected by ancient carbon emissions
Background


Faster optical networking

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Data transport via fibre-optic network could be faster still
Background


Evidence for mantle plumes

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Hotspots or Not? Isotopes Score One for Traditional Theory - also here
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Distance no worries for spooky particles
Background


DNA logic circuits

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Researchers Create DNA Logic Circuits That Work In Test Tubes
Background


High-density magnetic memory chips

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Breakthrough In Magnetic Devices Could Make Computers More Powerful - also here
Background


High-density 3-D optical storage system

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Researcher's 3-D Digital Storage System Could Hold A Library On One Disc
Background



Stem cell biology

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Molecular 'Marker' On Stem Cells Aids Research, Suggests New Therapies - also here
Background


Sex and behavior in fruit flies

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - With Fruit Fly Sex, Researchers Find Mind-body Connection
Background


Clues to the evolution of sex

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - New Clues To How Sex Evolves - also here, here
Background


Psychopathy

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Psychopaths may have faulty brains
Background


Protein-DNA binding

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Gene-bender proteins may sway to DNA - also here, here
  2. December 5, 2006 - Stretch a DNA Loop, Turn Off Proteins - also here
Background


Gendered division of labor

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Gendered Division Of Labor Gave Modern Humans Advantage Over Neanderthals - also here
Background, Background, Background


Organ regneration in newts

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Newts Regrow Hearts: Scientists Reveal Molecular Details Of Regeneration In Amphibians - also here
Background


Virus mass determination

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Weight Determination Of Individual Viruses With A Miniature Ion Trap - also here
Background


RNA crosstalk

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Peering Into The Shadow World Of RNA: Crosstalk May Control The Genome
Background


Mechanism of forgetting

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Controlling confusion: Researchers make insight into memory, forgetting - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - How mammals fuel milk production may have implications for cancer
  2. December 10, 2006 - Evolution and the workaround
Background


Mouse brain genomic atlas

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Genomic atlas of the mouse brain revealed
Background, Background


Consolidation of memory during sleep

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Researchers Investigate Communication Between Memory Areas
Background, Background


Microbe metabolism using radiolysis

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Natural Radioactivity Could Provide Microbes In The Deep Biosphere With Vitality
Background


Telomerase, life span, and cancer

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Blame Our Evolutionary Risk of Cancer on Our Body Mass - also here, here
  2. December 7, 2006 - Body mass correlates with telomerase expression
Background, Background


Development of gustation and Wnts

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Researchers Discover Initial Steps In Development Of Taste - also here, here
Background, Background


Olfaction

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Rogue theory of smell gets a boost
  2. December 12, 2006 - Vibrating Odor Molecules? Rogue Theory May Help Explain Sense Of Smell
  3. December 15, 2006 - Is Sense of Smell Powered by Quantum Vibrations?
  4. December 22, 2006 - The quantum nose
Background


Evolution of altruism

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Why altruism paid off for our ancestors
  2. December 7, 2006 - Love Thy Neighbor Evolved Out of Vicious Competition
Background


Master regulatory protein

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - From A Lowly Yeast, Researchers Divine A Clue To Human Disease - also here, here
Background


Conservation of myogenesis in evolution

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Evolutionary insight into myogenesis
Background


Cooperation, reputation, and punishment

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - When reputation matters, punishment may be reduced to the extreme cases
Background


Origin of the Krebs cycle

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Nature's Jump-Starter
  2. December 12, 2006 - New Insights Into The Origin Of Life On Earth - also here
Background


Oxygen and the evolution of complex life

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Oxygen boom fuelled explosion of complex life
  2. December 8, 2006 - Oxygen burst seen before the birth of complex life
  3. December 10, 2006 - Solving Darwin's Dilemma: Oxygen May Be The Clue To First Appearance Of Large Animals - also here
Background


Nucleosomal DNA flexibility

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - First Molecular Simulation Of A Long DNA Strand Shows Unexpected Flexibility - also here, here, here
Background


Evolutionary developmental biology

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Male Pregnancy: Genetic Archaeology Offers Clues To Gender-bending Mystery
Background


Synaptic plasticity

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Structure Essential For Brain Remodeling Identified
Background


Formation of long-term memory in fruit flies

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Tracing The Formation Of Long-term Memory - also here
Background


Riboswitches

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Artificial RNA ligands differentiate between on and off states of riboswitches - also here, here
Background


Stem cell biology

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Detailed 3-D Image Catches A Key Regulator Of Neural Stem Cell Differentiation In Action - also here, here
Background


Systems biology model of the phagosome

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Researchers Create Model Of Key Immune-system Component
Background, Background


Heterochromatin

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Regulating the nuclear architecture of the cell - also here, here
Background, Background


Development of patterning

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Embryonic patterning makes the feathers fly - also here, here
Background


Recent instance of human evolution

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Study Detects Recent Instance of Human Evolution
  2. December 11, 2006 - African Adaptation to Digesting Milk Is "Strongest Signal of Selection Ever"
  3. December 11, 2006 - Milk Tolerance Evolved More Than Once
  4. December 11, 2006 - Lactose Tolerance in East Africa Points to Recent Evolution
Background, Background



Cancer

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Tumor Growth Computer Model Sets Stage For Customized Cancer Treatment
  2. December 5, 2006 - Medium-sized Polyps Yield Significant Number Of Advanced Adenomas And Cancer
  3. December 5, 2006 - New hope for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  4. December 6, 2006 - Novartis anti-leukemia drug works for 5 years, study says
  5. December 7, 2006 - Protein-based Tumor Biomarker Predicts Breast-cancer Survival - also here
  6. December 7, 2006 - Researchers Discover Unique Marker To Identify Breast Cancer Protein
  7. December 7, 2006 - Does Too Much Protein In The Diet Increase Cancer Risk?
  8. December 7, 2006 - 'Erectile Dysfunction' Drugs Heighten Natural Anti-cancer Activity - also here
  9. December 7, 2006 - Does too much protein in the diet increase cancer risk?
  10. December 8, 2006 - Natural Protein Stops Deadly Human Brain Cancer In Mice - also here, here
  11. December 8, 2006 - 5-year Study Shows Gleevec's Potency Against Chronic Myeloid Leukemia - also here
  12. December 8, 2006 - Infectious Disease Researchers Develop Basis For Experimental Melanoma Treatment - also here, here
  13. December 8, 2006 - Blood Pressure Drugs Could Help Halt Pancreatic Cancer Spread - also here
  14. December 8, 2006 - T-beta-RIII joins the fight against breast cancer
  15. December 8, 2006 - New biomarker predicts effectiveness of breast cancer drugs - also here
  16. December 9, 2006 - Pro-vitamin E Shown To Be Active Against Breast Cancer Cells - also here
Background


Stem cell therapy for Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Parkinson's Approach With Stem Cells A Promising First Step - also here
  2. December 7, 2006 - Transplanted Brain Cells Hold Promise For Parkinson's Disease - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - 'Super' Enzyme May Lead Way To Better Tumor Vaccines - also here, here
Background, Background


Computer simulation of tumor growth

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Math model predicts cancer behavior
Background, Background


Medical nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Multifunctional Nanoparticles Image and Treat Brain Tumors
  2. December 5, 2006 - Roche unveils new nanotech diagnosis tool
  3. December 5, 2006 - Nano-implant measures tumor growth, treatment
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Gene Therapy For Erectile Dysfunction Shows Promise In Clinical Trial
Background


Antibiotics targeting riboswitches

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - Switching Bacteria Off May Be Possible with New Class of Antibiotic
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 4, 2006 - How Bird Flu Could Come to America
  2. December 4, 2006 - Scientists Criticize Bird Flu Search - also here, here
  3. December 5, 2006 - CDC seeks bird flu diagnostic tests
  4. December 7, 2006 - New Research Predicts US Entry Of H5N1 Avian Influenza - also here
  5. December 7, 2006 - Avian flu vaccine developed for poultry
  6. December 10, 2006 - Experts Puzzle Over Halt of Bird Flu - also here
Background


Relapses in autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Molecule Linked To Autoimmune Disease Relapses Identified - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - One-off Treatment To Stop Back Pain -- Using Patients' Own Stem Cells
  2. December 8, 2006 - Aggressive Stem Cells Might Improve Transplant Outcome - also here
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - New research suggests oxytocin's potential for treatment of two core autism symptom domains
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - HIV-1 kills immune cells in the gut that may never bounce back - also here
  2. December 6, 2006 - Early HIV Treatment Fails To Restore Memory T Cells - also here
  3. December 7, 2006 - Malaria May Fuel Spread Of HIV In Sub-Saharan Africa - also here
  4. December 7, 2006 - Scientists say malaria fuels AIDS spread in Africa - also here
  5. December 7, 2006 - Study Says Malaria Helps Spread HIV - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Scientists develop a new way to target Alzheimer's disease - also here
  2. December 6, 2006 - Study finds certain drugs cut Alzheimer's
  3. December 6, 2006 - Cats Can Succumb To Feline Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  4. December 6, 2006 - Cats Can Get Alzheimer's: Study - also here
Background


Caloric restriction and the immune system

References:
  1. December 5, 2006 - Caloric restriction slows immune aging
  2. December 8, 2006 - Restricting Calories Boosts the Immune System - also here
Background, Background, Background


Cholesterol regulation

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Why did a promising heart drug fail?
Background


Antiviral drugs for influenza

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Protein could be potential target for new flu drug
  2. December 7, 2006 - Flu virus shows twist in tail
  3. December 10, 2006 - Protein's Tail May Be Flu Virus's Achilles Heel
Background


Cocaine's method of action

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Molecular Mechanism of Cocaine High Revealed
  2. December 7, 2006 - Cocaine High Caused By Interference In Neuronal Receiving Stations
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Does Omega 3 Protect Against ADHD? - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - Research Yields New Insights Into The Cause Of Diabetes - also here
  2. December 8, 2006 - Obese diabetics at high risk for kidney disease
  3. December 8, 2006 - 'Diabetes Gene' May Be Linked To Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  4. December 9, 2006 - Indian men are prone to insulin resistance
Background


Control of nicotine's effects on the brain

References:
  1. December 6, 2006 - New research identifies gene important for nicotine's effects on the brain - also here
Background


Cytokine storm produced by antibody drug

References:
  1. December 7, 2006 - Horror clinical trial in test tube recreation
Background


Obesity drug targeting CB1 receptor

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Obesity drug advances in trials
Background


Bioengineered heart muscle

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Growing Heart Muscle: Rapid 3-D Cell-growth Technique Produces Pulsing, Organized Tissue - also here, here
Background


Antibiotics targeting bacterial folate production

References:
  1. December 8, 2006 - Researchers find new chink in a "superbug's" armor
Background


Use of RNAi in gene therapy

References:
  1. December 10, 2006 - Researchers Developing Molecular Delivery Vehicles For Genetic Therapies
Background, Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved