Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 6, Number 4
January 22, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Star formation in interacting galaxies
The strong force
Nanotechnology
Measurements of gravity at small distances
Dark energy
Quantum entanglement
Methane on Titan
Global warming
Variant of Prussian blue for data storage
Fuel cells
Nanoimprint lithography
Terahertz radiation
Carbon nanotubes
Neutrino detection
Extrasolar planets
Climate modeling
Brain-computer interface
Optical data buffering

Life sciences

Memory and imagination
Early modern humans in Russia
Neanderthals
Stem cells and cancer
Origins of RNA
Nucleosomes
Quantum biology
Brain-imaging studies
Polyomavirus infection mechanism
Cellular ion channels
Language learning
Cancer biology
Consciousness
Evolution of altruism
Language of gene regulation

Health and medicine

Parkinson's disease
Stress and inflammation
Antioxidants in apple juice
Stem cells
Avian flu
Cancer
Nanoparticle gene therapy for cancer
Stem cell anti-cancer therapy
Drug delivery
Tuberculosis
New treatment for high cholesterol
Neuroprotective benefits of folic acid
1918 Spanish flu
The immune system
Malaria
Anti-obesity drugs
Antiviral treatment for influenza
Nanoparticle cancer drug delivery
Methicillin-resistant S. aureus
Gene therapy with modified immune cells for AIDS
Obesity-regulating protein
Alzheimer's disease
Diabetes
RNAi therapies for cancer


Star formation in interacting galaxies

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Older Galaxy Pair Has Surprisingly Youthful Glow
Background


The strong force

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Exploring the Universal Glue
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - HP claims advance in semiconductor nanotechnology
  2. January 19, 2007 - Nanopolymers make their debut
Background


Measurements of gravity at small distances

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - String Theory's Extra Dimensions Must Be Less Than Half the Width of a Human Hair
  2. January 17, 2007 - Pendulum swings away from dark energy
Background, Background, Background, Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Dark Energy May Be Vacuum - also here
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Photonic Schroedinger cat breaks record
Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Surprises Continue Two Years After Probe's Landing On Saturn's Moon Titan
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - 2100: A world of wild weather
  2. January 19, 2007 - Global warming dissenters few at U.S. weather meeting
  3. January 19, 2007 - UN climate panel to step up warnings on climate
  4. January 19, 2007 - Alaska to get British-style temperatures
  5. January 20, 2007 - Deep In Arctic Mud, Geologists Find Strong Evidence Of Climate Change - also here
  6. January 20, 2007 - Digging in mud for global warming clues
Background


Variant of Prussian blue for data storage

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Prussian Blue For Information Storage
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - New Fuel Cell Design Adds Control, Reduces Complexity - also here
  2. January 19, 2007 - Closed System Opens Way for More Practical Fuel Cell
Background


Nanoimprint lithography

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Research Removes Major Obstacle From Mass Production Of Tiny Circuits - also here
Background


Terahertz radiation

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Delft nano-detector very promising for remote cosmic realms
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Scientists develop atom-scale switch
  2. January 19, 2007 - Carbon Nanotube Functions Like Atom-scale Switch
Background


Neutrino detection

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Neutrino detector is compact yet sensitive
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - COROT sees first light
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Your PCs forecast climate future
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. January 19, 2007 - Neural 'extension cord' developed for brain implants
Background


Optical data buffering

References:
  1. January 19, 2007 - Ultra-Dense Optical Storage -- On One Photon - also here
  2. January 19, 2007 - Putting the Brakes on Light Speed
  3. January 23, 2007 - How Can a Single Photon Produce a Whole Image?
  4. January 23, 2007 - Caesium slows down optical image
  5. February 1, 2007 - Ultra-Sensitive Measurements Of Changes In Images Using Slow Light
Background


Language of gene regulation

References:
  1. January 19, 2007 - Learning the language of gene expression
Background



Memory and imagination

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Amnesiacs struggle to imagine future events
  2. January 15, 2007 - I can't imagine...
  3. January 15, 2007 - Amnesiacs Not Only Forget the Past, They Cannot Imagine the Future
  4. January 16, 2007 - Stuck in the Present
  5. January 16, 2007 - Patients With Amnesia 'Live In The Present' - also here, here
Background


Early modern humans in Russia

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Out of Africa ... and into Russia
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Skull Suggests Human-Neanderthal Link - also here
  2. January 16, 2007 - Skull shows possible human/Neanderthal breeding
  3. January 16, 2007 - 40,000-year-old Skull Shows Both Modern Human And Neandertal Traits
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Sacking Cancer Stem Cells
  2. January 17, 2007 - Brain tumor researchers find their 'niche'
  3. January 19, 2007 - Vascular Niche Nurtures Brain Tumor Stem Cells - also here
Background, Background


Origins of RNA

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Closing A Loophole In The RNA World Hypothesis - also here
Background


Nucleosomes

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Scientists Map Key Landmarks In Human Genome: New Method Reveals Positions Of Gene-regulating Nucleosomes - also here
Background


Quantum biology

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Quantum Biology: Powerful Computer Models Reveal Key Biological Mechanism - also here
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - The Numbers Game: Brains That Prefer Numbers to Words
  2. January 18, 2007 - Our Brains May Be Wired for Daydreaming
  3. January 18, 2007 - Peering Inside the Wandering Mind
  4. January 18, 2007 - Studies Yield Insight Into The Numerical Brain - also here
  5. January 19, 2007 - Neural Bottleneck Found That Thwarts Multi-tasking - also here, here
  6. January 21, 2007 - Are you a giver? Brain scan finds the truth
  7. January 22, 2007 - Selfish or selfless, test reveals all
  8. January 22, 2007 - Activation Of Brain Region Predicts Altruism
  9. January 22, 2007 - Charity is uppermost in the brain
  10. January 22, 2007 - Caught daydreaming? Blame your brain
  11. January 22, 2007 - Why Do Good? Brain Study Offers Clues
  12. January 23, 2007 - Altruism can be predicted with a brain scan
Background


Polyomavirus infection mechanism

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Scientists Reveal a Virus’ Secret Weapon
Background


Cellular ion channels

References:
  1. January 18, 2007 - Modeling Cell 'Doors' Could Aid Drug Development
Background


Language learning

References:
  1. January 19, 2007 - Internationally Adopted Children Shed Light On How Babies Learn Language
  2. January 19, 2007 - Why learning a new language may make you forget your old one
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 19, 2007 - Tumor cells evade death through autophagy - also here
Background


Consciousness

References:
  1. January 21, 2007 - Consciousness May Be a Sure Bet
Background


Evolution of altruism

References:
  1. January 21, 2007 - The Hitchhiker's Guide To Altruism: Study Explains How Costly Traits Evolve - also here
Background, Background



Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Renewed evidence suggests statin/Parkinson's link
  2. January 17, 2007 - Researchers Find A Common Genetic Risk Factor For Parkinson's Disease In Asians - also here, here
  3. January 18, 2007 - New Study To Test Statin-Parkinson's Link - also here
Background


Stress and inflammation

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Why childhood abuse harms health as adult
Background


Antioxidants in apple juice

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - "Cloudy" apple juice packs more antioxidants
  2. January 16, 2007 - Cloudy apple juice packs more punch
  3. January 16, 2007 - Cloudy Apple Juice Four Times Healthier Than Clear - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Blood stem cells make mouse bone marrow, brain cells
  2. January 15, 2007 - Adult Stem Cell Research Shows Promise For Transplant Therapies - also here
  3. January 17, 2007 - Geron reports new benefit of its stem cell therapy
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Japan burns 12,000 chickens following bird flu outbreak
  2. January 15, 2007 - Japan Starts Incinerating Chickens - also here
  3. January 15, 2007 - Thai Officials Find Bird Flu in Ducks - also here
  4. January 19, 2007 - Cause of bird flu outbreak tracked
  5. January 20, 2007 - S.Korea to Slaughter Thousands of Birds
  6. January 20, 2007 - Bird flu prompts cull in S Korea
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Selective Marker Found To Indicate Aggressive Form Of Breast Cancer - also here
  2. January 15, 2007 - New Target For Treatment Of Breast Cancer
  3. January 16, 2007 - Gum disease linked with pancreatic cancer in study - also here
  4. January 16, 2007 - Gum disease linked to pancreatic cancer - also here
  5. January 16, 2007 - Drug effective against some pancreatic cancer
  6. January 16, 2007 - Drug May Delay Pancreatic Cancer Return - also here
  7. January 16, 2007 - Calcium lowers colon polyp formation up to 5 yrs
  8. January 16, 2007 - Worried About Prostate Cancer? Tomato-broccoli Combo Shown To Be Effective - also here, here
  9. January 16, 2007 - Novel Approach To Cancer Drug Given Major Boost - also here
  10. January 16, 2007 - Researchers Develop New Method For Fighting Leukemia
  11. January 17, 2007 - Cheap, safe drug kills most cancers - also here
  12. January 17, 2007 - Calorie disposition, not intake, influences cancer risk
  13. January 17, 2007 - Family Size Affects Development Of Stomach Cancer
  14. January 17, 2007 - Discovery Provides New Hope For People With Advanced Breast Cancer
  15. January 17, 2007 - Chemotherapy Appears To Delay Cancer Recurrence Following Surgery For Pancreatic Cancer - also here
  16. January 17, 2007 - Link Found Between Periodontal Disease And Pancreatic Cancer - also here
  17. January 17, 2007 - Small Molecule Offers Big Hope Against Cancer - also here, here
  18. January 17, 2007 - New Angiogenesis Inhibitor Has Promise For Treating Deadly Brain Tumor - also here
  19. January 17, 2007 - Unique Collaboration Funded To Develop Nanotechnology For Melanoma
  20. January 17, 2007 - Gum Disease, Pancreatic Cancer May Be Linked
  21. January 17, 2007 - Cancer Found More Often in Dense Breasts - also here
  22. January 18, 2007 - Model identifies low-risk prostate cancer
  23. January 18, 2007 - Chlorinated water exposure may boost cancer risk
  24. January 18, 2007 - Texas study suggests link between pollution, cancer - also here
  25. January 18, 2007 - New Strategy For Treating Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  26. January 18, 2007 - New gene test predicts cancer recurrence risk
  27. January 19, 2007 - Smoking ups risk of virus-related Hodgkin lymphoma
  28. January 19, 2007 - Sunshine Pill For Prostate Cancer In 2009 - also here
  29. January 19, 2007 - New Drug May Help Prolong Survival For Head And Neck Cancer Patients
  30. January 19, 2007 - Cetuximab with radiotherapy does not increase side effects for head and neck cancer patients
  31. January 19, 2007 - Statin Plus Cancer Drug Deliver Combo Punch To Brain Cancer Cells - also here
  32. January 18, 2007 - Better cough test for early-stage lung cancer
  33. January 19, 2007 - Simple diagnostic test detects genetic signs of lung cancer in a patient's sputum - also here
  34. January 19, 2007 - Gum disease may be linked to pancreatic cancer
  35. January 20, 2007 - Pancreatic cancer vaccine may help some patients
  36. January 20, 2007 - Vitamin pill for prostate cancer
  37. January 21, 2007 - News confirms suspicions of breast cancer survivor
  38. January 21, 2007 - Brain cancers shrink in drug test
Background


Nanoparticle gene therapy for cancer

References:
  1. January 15, 2007 - Dual Gene Therapy Suppresses Lung Cancer In Preclinical Test - also here
Background, Background, Background


Stem cell anti-cancer therapy

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Brain Stem Cells Against Cancer?
Background, Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Polymer Microparticles Show Promise As Ingenious New Druge Delivery System
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - Association Of Tuberculosis With Smoking And Indoor Air Pollution - also here, here
  2. January 16, 2007 - Review study finds association between tobacco smoking and increased risk of tuberculosis
Background


New treatment for high cholesterol

References:
  1. January 16, 2007 - New Therapy Treats Severely Elevated Cholesterol Levels
Background


Neuroprotective benefits of folic acid

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Folic acid supplements rejuvenate older brains
  2. January 19, 2007 - Folic acid may boost brain power in the elderly - also here
  3. January 19, 2007 - Folate supplements improve cognitive function
Background


1918 Spanish flu

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Deadly clue to 1918 Spanish flu virus uncovered - also here, here, here
  2. January 17, 2007 - Portrait of a Killer
  3. January 17, 2007 - Lethal Secret Of 1918 Influenza Virus Uncovered - also here
  4. January 17, 2007 - Scientists Study How Flu Spread in 1918
  5. January 17, 2007 - 1918 Killer Flu Tested on Monkeys
  6. January 18, 2007 - Monkey clue to how 1918 flu selected its targets
  7. January 18, 2007 - Lethal secrets of 1918 flu virus
  8. January 18, 2007 - Scientists Recreate 1918 Flu and See Parallels to Bird Flu
Background


The immune system

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - A Dose of Worms, Please
  2. January 17, 2007 - Protein linked to immune system response identified - also here
  3. January 17, 2007 - Built-in Molecular Brakes Curb The Sniffles - also here, here
  4. January 17, 2007 - Cold Case: How Sniffles are Stifled
  5. January 19, 2007 - Immune system clues
  6. January 19, 2007 - Scientists uncover the end of a cold
  7. January 19, 2007 - How the end of sniffles could help fight a pandemic
  8. January 28, 2007 - Immune system 'brakes' found
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Researchers Discover Drug That Blocks Malaria Parasites
Background


Anti-obesity drugs

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Natural Gut Hormone Offers Hope For New Obesity Drug - also here
Background


Antiviral treatment for influenza

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Antivirals Effectively Curb Influenza Virus, Analysis Finds - also here
Background


Nanoparticle cancer drug delivery

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Protein Cage Helps Nanoparticles Target Tumors
  2. January 19, 2007 - Buckyballs Used As 'Passkey' Into Cancer Cells
Background, Background, Background


Methicillin-resistant S. aureus

References:
  1. January 17, 2007 - Can anything stop the superbug? - also here
  2. January 18, 2007 - Staph bug causes new pneumonia - also here
  3. January 18, 2007 - Research highlights nastier form of MRSA
  4. January 28, 2007 - Bacteria In Staph Infections Can Cause Necrotizing Pneumonia
Background


Gene therapy with modified immune cells for AIDS

References:
  1. January 19, 2007 - Can Engineered Immune Cells Stop AIDS? - also here
Background


Obesity-regulating protein

References:
  1. January 20, 2007 - SH2B1 In The Brain Regulates Obesity - also here
  2. January 29, 2007 - Major Link In Brain-obesity Puzzle Found - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 21, 2007 - How brain protein turns toxic in Alzheimer's disease
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 21, 2007 - Lifestyle Changes Effective In Protecting Against Type II Diabetes - also here
Background


RNAi therapies for cancer

References:
  1. January 21, 2007 - 'Quiet revolution' may herald new RNA therapeutics - also here, here
  2. February 2, 2007 - Cancer scientists' gene research offers new treatment hope
Background, Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved