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Volume 6, Number 16
April 16, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Stars near Milky Way's center
Global warming
AWE cosmology
Abrupt climate change
Underground CO2 storage
Quantum communications
Spintronics
Metamaterials
Climate modeling
Water on an extrasolar planet
Solar cells
Solar power technology
Extrasolar planets
Robotics
Astrometry and the Hubble constant
New evidence against modified Newtonian dynamics
Neutrinos
Nanotechnology
Antimatter
Black holes
Retinal prostheses
Volcanoes and mantle subduction
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum dot lasers
Efficient two-photon source
Bose glass
Galactic spiral arms
Neutron stars

Life sciences

Trees and climate change
Cancer biology
Plant exobiology
Cell fusion
Evolution of symbiosis
Coevolution of beetles and plants
Macaque genome
Bacterial control of infection
Innate immune system
Deriving sperm from stem cells
Muscle cell fusion
Photosynthesis
The immune system and atherosclerosis
Visual illusion
Development of cortical folds
Mate selection in female barn swallows
Brain-imaging studies
Bacterial trigger of immune response

Health and medicine

Cancer
Parkinson's disease
Benefits of polyphenols for cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Renin-angiotensin system
AIDS
Antibiotics
Genetic indicators of heart disease
Aspirin and heart attacks
Diabetes
Vaccines
Diets and glycemic load
CD8 T cells and immune system response to viruses
Psychoneuroimmunology
Genetics of obesity
Role of cell growth enzyme in cancer, diabetes, and heart disease
Diabetes and Alzheimer's disease
High-density lipoprotein
Cancer metastasis
Autoimmune diseases
Chitosan and cholesterol
Nanobiotechnology
Alzheimer's disease
Bipolar disorder
Liver regeneration
Nerve-cell repair
The immune system and high lipid levels
Caloric restriction and longevity
Tuberculosis
AMPK, metabolism, and heart failure
Dietary fibre and cholesterol
Crohn's disease
Cancer vaccines
Avian flu
Hypertension and blood vessel inflammation in the brain
Insomnia



Physical sciences and technology


Stars near Milky Way's center

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Galaxy's 'wunderkind' stars may actually be old pro's
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Changing Climes: Global Warming Impacts Appearing Around the Globe
  2. April 10, 2007 - Warming to bring drought, floods and hunger to Asia
  3. April 10, 2007 - Global warming hits Indigenous people most
  4. April 10, 2007 - Little time to avert big temperature rise: UN study
  5. April 10, 2007 - Gloomy Forecast From Climate Experts
  6. April 10, 2007 - IPCC Report: Responding To The Impacts Of Human-caused Climate Change
  7. April 10, 2007 - IPCC Report: Climate Proofing North American Cities
  8. April 10, 2007 - IPCC Report: Climate Change Hits Hard On Latin America And The Caribbean
  9. April 10, 2007 - Millions Face Floods From Climate Change - also here, here, here
  10. April 10, 2007 - Millions Face Hunger From Climate Change - also here, here
  11. April 10, 2007 - New Climate Change Report Released
  12. April 11, 2007 - IPCC Report Underlines Risks To Africa's Agriculture, Infrastructure, Wildlife And Coastal Zones From Rising Greenhouse Gases
  13. April 11, 2007 - IPCC Report: Millions At Risk Of Hunger And Water Stress In Asia Unless Global Greenhouse Emissions Cut
  14. April 11, 2007 - IPCC Report - The Arctic: Thawing Permafrost, Melting Sea Ice And More Significant Changes
  15. April 11, 2007 - IPCC Report: Climate Proofing Small Islands
  16. April 11, 2007 - Warming could damage Arctic, release frozen waste
  17. April 11, 2007 - Warming could spark water scramble: experts - also here
  18. April 11, 2007 - Panel: US Faces Change As Climate Warms - also here, here
  19. April 15, 2007 - Far North Feels Worst Effects of Warming - also here
Background


AWE cosmology

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Toward A Unified Description Of Dark Energy And Dark Matter
Background


Abrupt climate change

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Abrupt Climate Change Far More Common Than Previously Thought
Background


Underground CO2 storage

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Australians to store CO2 underground
  2. April 14, 2007 - Carbon Dioxide Storage: Coal Suitable For Filtering Carbon Dioxide - also here, here
  3. April 15, 2007 - Carbon Dioxide Capture And Storage Could Help Offset Global Warming - also here
Background


Quantum communications

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Segment of a 'Quantum Repeater' Demonstrated
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Spins turn light off
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Hairbrush helps physicists make magic
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Total destruction of forests predicted to cool Earth
Background


Water on an extrasolar planet

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Extrasolar Planet's Missing Water Discovered?
  2. April 10, 2007 - Signs of water seen on planet outside solar system - also here, here
  3. April 10, 2007 - Water Identified In Extrasolar Planet Atmosphere
  4. April 10, 2007 - Water Found in Extrasolar Planet's Atmosphere
  5. April 10, 2007 - First Sign of Water on Planet Outside Our System
  6. April 11, 2007 - First sign of water found on an alien world
  7. April 11, 2007 - Exoplanet may have water
  8. April 11, 2007 - Alien Water Find Iffy
  9. April 11, 2007 - Scientists find water in atmosphere of planet outside solar system
  10. April 11, 2007 - Water detected on distant planet
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - 'Nano-Manhattan' 3D solar cells boost efficiency - also here, here, here
  2. April 11, 2007 - New solar panel design traps more light - also here
  3. April 11, 2007 - Plasmon-Assisted Solar Cells
Background, Background


Solar power technology

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Cheap, Efficient Solar Power: What's Needed Now To Get There?
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Deep Impact Mission: Aiming For Close-ups Of Extrasolar Planets
  2. April 12, 2007 - Future Space Telescopes Could Detect Earth Twin - also here
  3. April 13, 2007 - Search For Extrasolar Planets And Extraterrestrial Life Improved With Darwin's Frictionless Optics - also here
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Futuristic Robot Adapts To People, New Places - also here
Background


Astrometry and the Hubble constant

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Astronomers improve cosmic distance scale with Hubble
Background


New evidence against modified Newtonian dynamics

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Newton's Second Law of Motion
  2. April 13, 2007 - No Twisting Out of Newton's Law
Background


Neutrinos

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - 'Sterile neutrinos' laid to rest - for now
  2. April 12, 2007 - Experiment Nixes Fourth Neutrino
  3. April 12, 2007 - Long-standing Neutrino Question Resolved - also here
  4. April 12, 2007 - Long-standing Neutrino Question Resolved - also here
  5. April 12, 2007 - MiniBooNE findings clarify the behavior of neutrinos
  6. April 12, 2007 - How Did the Universe Survive the Big Bang? In This Experiment, Clues Remain Elusive
  7. April 12, 2007 - MiniBooNE rules out new kind of neutrino
  8. April 18, 2007 - One Neutrino Anomaly Has Been Resolved
  9. April 19, 2007 - Experiment confirms famous physics model - also here
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Smallest Organic Light-emitters Created - also here, here
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Where Has All The Antimatter Gone? - also here, here
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Black Hole Caught in an Eclipse
  2. April 13, 2007 - Astronomers zoom in on black hole during 'eclipse'
  3. April 13, 2007 - Chandra Sees Remarkable Eclipse Of Black Hole - also here
  4. April 17, 2007 - Black-hole eclipse sizes up X-ray source
Background


Retinal prostheses

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Retinal implant learns to polish the picture
  2. April 13, 2007 - Retinal Implants May Be Significantly Enhanced With New Software - also here
Background


Volcanoes and mantle subduction

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Volcanic Arc Evolution: Seismologists Discover Complex Structure In Tonga Mantle Wedge - also here, here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - NIST's Stretching Exercises Shed New Light On Nanotubes - also here
  2. April 13, 2007 - Nanotube-Tipped Probe Considered Vital For Cell Treatment - also here
Background


Quantum dot lasers

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Quantum Dot Lasers: One Dot Makes All The Difference - also here, here
Background


Efficient two-photon source

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - NIST Develops New Efficient Two-photon Source - also here
Background


Bose glass

References:
  1. April 13, 2008 - Evidence mounts for Bose glass
Background


Galactic spiral arms

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Mystery Spiral Galaxy Arms Explained? - also here, here, here, here, here, here
  2. April 16, 2007 - Galaxy's Ghostly Arms Finally Explained
  3. April 30, 2007 - A 45 Year Old Mystery Cracked?
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Neutron Star Surfaces Hotter Than Expected, Helps Explain Superburst Frequency - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Trees and climate change

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Deforestation may add to climate warming or cooling, depending on location
  2. April 10, 2007 - Planting trees can backfire
  3. April 10, 2007 - More Trees, Less Global Warming, Right? -- Not Exactly
  4. April 10, 2007 - Careful Where You Plant That Tree
  5. April 10, 2007 - Trees to offset the carbon footprint?
  6. April 10, 2007 - Snowy forests 'increase warming'
  7. April 13, 2007 - Tropical Forests -- Earth's Air Conditioner - also here, here
  8. April 14, 2007 - Some forests may speed global warming
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - RNA Splicing Factor Implicated In Ovarian Tumor Cell Growth - also here
  2. April 11, 2007 - New Insight Into Why Some Cancer Treatments Are Ineffective - also here
  3. April 11, 2007 - Stress May Help Cancer Cells Resist Treatment - also here, here
Background


Plant exobiology

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - For plants on alien worlds, it isn't easy being green
  2. April 11, 2007 - Plants under Alien Suns Could Come in a Variety of Hues
  3. April 11, 2007 - New hue: Plants on other planets may be yellow, red
  4. April 11, 2007 - NASA Predicts Nongreen Plants On Other Planets - also here, here
  5. April 11, 2007 - Alien plants may come in all colours but blue
  6. April 12, 2007 - Plants on other planets may be yellow, red
Background


Cell fusion

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - 'Fusion' Protein Found By Researchers - also here, here
Background


Evolution of symbiosis

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Evolution Of Symbiosis - also here, here
Background


Coevolution of beetles and plants

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Disputing coevolution in herbivorous insects - also here, here
Background


Macaque genome

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Macaque joins the genome Hall of Fame
  2. April 12, 2007 - Monkey genes help us see what makes us human
  3. April 12, 2007 - First monkey genome sequenced
  4. April 13, 2007 - Human-Chimp Differences Uncovered With Analysis Of Rhesus Monkey Genome - also here
  5. April 13, 2007 - Third primate genome, the rhesus macaque, helps illuminate what makes us human
  6. April 13, 2007 - DNA sequence of Rhesus macaque has evolutionary, medical implications
  7. April 14, 2008 - Macaque genome is usefully different
  8. April 16, 2007 - Scientists Map Rhesus Monkey DNA
Background


Muscle cell fusion

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Key Player In Embryonic Muscle Development Discovered - also here
Background


Bacterial control of infection

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Bacteria Control How Infectious They Become - also here, here
Background


Innate immune system

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Humans And Plants Share Common Regulatory Pathway - also here, here
Background


Deriving sperm from stem cells

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Bone stem cells turned into primitive sperm cells
  2. April 13, 2007 - Bone stem cells may morph into sperm: report
  3. April 13, 2007 - Sperm Cells Created From Human Bone Marrow - also here
  4. April 13, 2007 - Sperm made from human bone marrow
  5. April 16, 2007 - Baby sperm made from bone marrow
Background


Photosynthesis

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Quantum Secrets of Photosynthesis Revealed - also here, here, here
  2. April 13, 2007 - When It Comes to Photosynthesis, Plants Perform Quantum Computation
  3. April 13, 2007 - Photosynthesis takes a leaf out of the quantum book
Background, Background


The immune system and atherosclerosis

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - The Immune System's Hardened Truth
Background, Background, Background


Visual illusion

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Wired For Sound: How The Brain Senses Visual Illusions - also here, here
Background


Development of cortical folds

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Model Helps Researchers 'See' Brain Development; Could Facilitate Early Detection Of Autism - also here, here
Background, Background


Mate selection in female barn swallows

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - More Flight Than Fancy?
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 14, 2007 - Male And Female Brain Patterns Differ During Reaching
Background


Bacterial trigger of immune response

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Microbes Start Immune Response By Sneaking Inside Cells - also here, here
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Off-Label Use: Pain Medication and Antipsychotics May Stop Brain Tumor Growth
  2. April 9, 2007 - Veterinary scientists explore poultry virus as cancer killer
  3. April 10, 2007 - Hispanic Women At Higher Risk For Breast Cancer -- May Be Biological
  4. April 10, 2007 - Progress Against Sarcoma - also here
  5. April 10, 2007 - Mouse Knockout Resembles Human Renal Cell Cancer
  6. April 10, 2007 - PSA Doubling Predicts Prostate Cancer Recurrence - also here
  7. April 10, 2007 - Study provides new clue to family risk for breast cancer
  8. April 11, 2007 - Cancer Treatment: External Magnet On Tumor Helps Drugs Get There And Stay Longe
  9. April 11, 2007 - Genes control chemotherapy impact
  10. April 12, 2007 - Gleevec keeps stomach tumor at bay: study
  11. April 12, 2007 - Massive Gene Screening Points Way To More Effective Chemotherapy - also here
  12. April 12, 2007 - Study Pries Into Ovarian Cancer's Deadly Secrets - also here, here
  13. April 12, 2007 - Brain Tumors Coax Important Support From Nearby Immune System Cells
  14. April 12, 2007 - Scientists find key to kinder cancer drugs
  15. April 13, 2007 - Gleevec Decreases Cancer Recurrence For Patients With Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor - also here
  16. April 13, 2007 - Two Heads Are Better Than One: Dysfunctional DNA Repair Pathways Kill Tumor Cells - also here, here
  17. April 13, 2007 - Alternative Inhibition Strategy For Treating Acute Promyleocytic Leukemia
  18. April 15, 2007 - Study adds data that vegetables reduce cancer risk
  19. April 15, 2007 - Breast Cancer Diagnosis From Combined MRI-Optics Method
  20. April 15, 2007 - Minorities more likely to develop cancer: researchers
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Do coffee and cigarettes protect against Parkinson's?
  2. April 10, 2007 - Smoking And Caffeine May Protect Against Parkinson's Disease
  3. April 10, 2007 - Smoking and caffeine inversely associated with Parkinson's disease
  4. April 10, 2007 - Coffee users at lower risk for Parkinson's: study
Background


Benefits of polyphenols for cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Cocoa, not tea, calms blood pressure, study says
  2. April 11, 2007 - Cocoa, But Not Tea, May Lower Blood Pressure - also here
Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Mouse tests show stem cells treat brain disease - also here
  2. April 10, 2007 - 'Rebuilt' immune system shakes off diabetes
  3. April 10, 2007 - Female Stem Cells Work Better, According To New Study - also here
  4. April 10, 2007 - Stem cell transplant promising for type 1 diabetes - also here
  5. April 10, 2007 - Type I diabetics live without insulin in stem cell experiment - also here, here
  6. April 11, 2007 - Stem Cell Transplant Resets Immune System in Type 1 Diabetes Patients
  7. April 11, 2007 - Study suggests use of stem cell transplantation is beneficial treatment of type 1 diabetes
  8. April 11, 2007 - Diabetes 'blocked by stem cells'
  9. April 11, 2007 - Stem cells shown to rein in Type 1 diabetes
  10. April 15, 2007 - Stem cell study homes in on ALS cause - also here, here, here
Background


Renin-angiotensin system

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - We've Got Drinking Water On Our Minds
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - AIDS researchers focus on resistant patients in search for vaccine
  2. April 13, 2007 - Early success with new HIV drug
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. April 9, 2007 - Antibiotics found to increasingly fail
  2. April 12, 2007 - How E. Coli Becomes Resistant To Many Antibiotics - also here
Background


Genetic indicators of heart disease

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Tests for heart-disease risk could be misleading
  2. April 11, 2007 - Study fails to verify gene variations as risk factors for certain cardiovascular problems
Background


Aspirin and heart attacks

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Aspirin underutilized for heart attack prevention
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Blood cells help treat diabetes patients: study - also here
  2. April 12, 2007 - Obesity's helper in triggering diabetes
  3. April 13, 2007 - New type of drug helpful in type 2 diabetes - also here
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Flu vaccine grown in insect cells shows promise
  2. April 10, 2007 - Caterpillar Cells Could Prove Key to Mass-Producing Flu Vaccine
  3. April 11, 2007 - Flu vaccine grown in caterpillar cells is safe
  4. April 11, 2007 - Flu vaccine grown in caterpillar cells
  5. April 11, 2007 - I'll Take the Flu Shot, Hold the Eggs
  6. April 11, 2007 - Pandemic Fears? Try Growing Flu Vaccine Fast In Insect Cells (Not Eggs) - also here
  7. April 11, 2007 - Experimental flu vaccine appears promising in early tests
  8. April 11, 2007 - Caterpillars help boost flu vaccine
Background


Diets and glycemic load

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Weight Loss: Glycemic Load Had No Significant Effect - also here
  2. April 19, 2007 - "Glycemic load" of diet has no effect on weight loss
Background


CD8 T cells and immune system response to viruses

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Immune Response Altered For Viruses Like HIV And Hepatitis C - also here
Background


Psychoneuroimmunology

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Getting Dirty May Lift Your Mood
Background


Genetics of obesity

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Eating Fatty Foods Without Gaining Weight? May Work For 13% Of Population - also here
  2. April 12, 2007 - Hunt for obesity gene yields a new suspect
  3. April 12, 2007 - Researchers pinpoint gene linked to obesity risk - also here
  4. April 12, 2007 - Having Trouble Squeezing into Your Jeans? Blame it on Your Genes
  5. April 12, 2007 - Obesity Risk: New Research Shows Clearest Genetic Link Yet - also here
  6. April 12, 2007 - Clear obesity gene link 'found'
  7. April 12, 2007 - Researchers uncover genetic link to obesity
  8. April 13, 2007 - People With Gene Variant May Weigh More - also here
Background


Role of cell growth enzyme in cancer, diabetes, and heart disease

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Natural Tumor Suppressor Variants Discovered, Could Lead to New Therapies For Diabetes, Heart Disease - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Diabetes and Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Diabetes May Be Associated With Increased Risk Of Mild Cognitive Impairment - also here, here
Background, Background


High-density lipoprotein

References:
  1. April 10, 2007 - Augmenting the good cholesterol
Background


Cancer metastasis

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Genes gang up to help cancer spread, study finds - also here, here
  2. April 11, 2007 - Scientists Identify Protein Key To Breast Cancer Spread, Potential New Drug Target - also here, here
  3. April 11, 2007 - How to stop cancer from spreading
  4. April 11, 2007 - Metastasis genes identified
  5. April 12, 2007 - Genetic 'Gang Of 4' Drives Spread Of Breast Cancer - also here, here
  6. April 12, 2007 - Genes set scene for metastasis - also here
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Scientists Implicate Gene In Vitiligo And Other Autoimmune Diseases - also here
Background


Chitosan and cholesterol

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Consuming Shrimp Shell Could Lower Cholesterol Levels
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. April 11, 2007 - Nanoparticles: New Technique Improves Delivery Of Medicines And Diagnostics - also here, here
  2. April 11, 2007 - Nanostructures Show Potential To Aid In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Pediatric Brain Cancer
  3. April 14, 2008 - New Agent to Spy Clogged Arteries
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Alzheimer's Genetic Roots Explained - also here, here
  2. April 12, 2007 - Drug curbs repetition in Alzheimer's patients
  3. April 13, 2007 - Plugging A Calcium Leak Linked To Familial Alzheimer Disease
  4. April 14, 2007 - Early Diagnosis Of Alzheimer's Boosted By Study - also here, here
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Lithium Builds Gray Matter In Bipolar Brains - also here, here
Background


Liver regeneration

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Liver Regeneration May Be Simpler Than Previously Thought - also here, here
Background


Nerve-cell repair

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Three Proteins May Play Important Role In Nerve-cell Repair - also here, here
Background


The immune system and high lipid levels

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Immune System And High Plasma Lipid Levels Linked - also here, here
Background, Background


Caloric restriction and longevity

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Dog study sheds new light on why dietary restriction can lead to a longer life - also here
Background, Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. April 12, 2007 - Bovine TB 'can spread in humans'
Background


AMPK, metabolism, and heart failure

References:
  1. April 13, 2007 - Too Much Energy Can Lead To Heart Failure
Background


Dietary fibre and cholesterol

References:
  1. April 14, 2007 - 'Smart' Fibre Flushes Cholesterol
Background


Crohn's disease

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Study finds strong genetic link to bowel ailment
  2. April 15, 2007 - Scientists find new genes for Crohn's disease
  3. April 16, 2007 - Additional Genetic Risk Factors For Crohn's Disease Identified
  4. April 16, 2007 - Scientists find major susceptibility gene for Crohn's disease - also here
  5. April 17, 2007 - More genes linked to Crohn's disease
Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Novel antigen-cloning technique may boost efforts to develop a melanoma vaccine - also here, here
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Bird flu kills Cambodian girl
Background


Hypertension and blood vessel inflammation in the brain

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Blood pressure 'is in the brain'
  2. April 16, 2007 - Blame The Brain For High Blood Pressure - also here
Background


Insomnia

References:
  1. April 15, 2007 - Insomnia Worse for Night Owls
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved