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Volume 6, Number 17
April 23, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Gravity Probe B
Lab-on-a-chip
Submillimeter electromagnetic waves
Atom interferometry as a test of general relativity
Dark matter
Ocean currents
Climate change and hurricanes
Upper limits on Higgs boson mass
Ultracool dwarf stars
Quantum theory and 'reality'
Planetary 'danger' zones
Brown dwarfs
Origins of continental rock
Quantum computing
Global warming
Solar cells
Optical lattices
RS Ophiuchi
Carbon nanotubes
Solar activity and global warming
Computer simulation of stellar interiors
Gas outflows from black holes
Quantum chromodynamics
Nanotechnology
X-ray free-electron lasers

Life sciences

Genetic evolution in chimpanzees vs. humans
Bacterial genome
Re-evolution of sexual reproduction in soil mites
Signal control in the central nervous system
Evolution of bacterial flagella
Axonal transport of proteins
Homo floresiensis
Temporal sequence in memory
Membrane fusion in cells
Sex determination in lizards
Visual processing
Neuron participation in memory formation
Genes activated during learning and memory
Proteomics
Wound healing
Social memory
Metacognition in monkeys
Olfaction
Control of prefrontal cortex networks
Sleep and relational memory
Evolutionary developmental biology of the central nervous system

Health and medicine

Cancer
Cancer vaccines
MicroRNA as tumor suppressor
Nanoparticle biomarker detection
Diabetes
Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease
Stem cells
Alzheimer's disease
Avian flu
High omega-6 fat levels, inflammation, and depression
Persistent effects of early heart disease risk factors
Genetic factors in myelination
Influenza and heart disease
Hypertension
Cancer risks from nanoparticles
Nanoparticle gene therapy for cancer
Malaria
AIDS
Parkinson's disease
Salt and cardiovascular disease
Hepatitis
Methamphetamine
Genetic factors in cardiovascular disease
Stem cells and cancer
Antioxidants in fruit
Resveratrol content of wine
Green tea and autoimmune disease
Polyphenols and anthocyanins in berries
Dichloroacetate
Crohn's disease



Physical sciences and technology


Gravity Probe B

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Gravity probe measures Earth's dent in space-time
  2. April 16, 2007 - Still Waiting: Gravity Experiment Reports Partial Success
  3. April 16, 2007 - Gravity Probe B backs general relativity
  4. April 16, 2007 - Einstein was right, probe shows
  5. April 17, 2007 - Scientists Provide First Public Peek At Gravity Probe B Results - also here, here
  6. April 18, 2007 - Gravity Probe B
  7. April 28, 2007 - Putting Einstein to the test
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Lab-on-a-chip: High-pressure Chemistry In Ultra Small Pressure Cooker
Background


Submillimeter electromagnetic waves

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - New World Record In Generation Of High-frequency Submillimeter Waves Set - also here, here
Background


Atom interferometry as a test of general relativity

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - A new way to test general relativity
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Dark matter looks to be particularly wimpy
  2. April 19, 2007 - Search For Dark Matter Particles Moves Underground
  3. April 22, 2007 - Dark Matter Charted Out To Five Billion Light Years
Background


Ocean currents

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Decades needed to tell whether ocean currents are slowing
Background, Background


Climate change and hurricanes

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Global warming may spur wind shear, sap hurricanes
  2. April 17, 2007 - Researchers Debate Warming, Hurricanes - also here
  3. April 18, 2007 - Wind shear may cancel climate's effect on hurricanes
  4. April 18, 2007 - Global Warming Increases Wind Shear, Reduces Hurricanes, Climate Model Shows - also here
Background


Upper limits on Higgs boson mass

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Tevatron collider yields new results on subatomic matter, forces
  2. April 23, 2007 - Tevatron's Higgs Quest Quickens
Background


Ultracool dwarf stars

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Wimpy Stars Barely Hanging On
  2. April 19, 2007 - White Dwarf And Ultra-cool Dwarf Keep Their Distance - also here
Background


Quantum theory and 'reality'

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Quantum Theory Fails Reality Checks
  2. April 18, 2007 - Physicists bid farewell to reality?
  3. April 20, 2007 - Quantum physics says goodbye to reality
Background


Planetary 'danger' zones

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Danger zones mapped for developing planets
  2. April 18, 2007 - Stellar Danger Zones, Planets Not Welcome
  3. April 19, 2007 - Astronomers Map Out Planetary Danger Zone - also here, here
  4. April 19, 2007 - Navigating the Stellar Minefield
  5. April 19, 2007 - Huge Hot Stars Create Planetary "Danger Zones"
Background


Brown dwarfs

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Failed Stars Still Have a Pulse
  2. April 18, 2007 - Brown Dwarfs Beaming Like Pulsars
  3. April 20, 2007 - Radio Active Brown Dwarfs Are A New Class Of Pulsar
  4. April 20, 2007 - Dwarf stars emit powerful pulse
Background


Origins of continental rock

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Making Continents in Planetary Hiccups
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - First use of Deutsch's Algorithm in a cluster state quantum computer
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - World needs to axe greenhouse gases by 80pct: report
  2. April 19, 2007 - Sudden sea level surges threaten 1 billion: study - also here
  3. April 19, 2007 - Researchers forecast 1 in 3 chance of record low sea ice in 2007 - also here
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Improved Self-Assembly of Nanomaterials May Enhance Solar Cells
  2. April 20, 2007 - Baking boosts efficiency of plastic solar cells
  3. April 20, 2007 - New Plastic Solar Cell Breaks Efficiency Record - also here, here
  4. April 21, 2007 - Nanoscale 'Trees' Improve Efficiency of Cheap Plastic Solar Cells
Background


Optical lattices

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Microscope could scan optical lattices
Background, Background


RS Ophiuchi

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Hubble Space Telescope Reveals The Aftermath Of 'Star Wars' - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Probing The Inner Secrets Of Multi-layer Carbon Nanotubes - also here
Background


Solar activity and global warming

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Astronomer Backs Link Between Greenhouse Gases And Climate Change
Background


Computer simulation of stellar interiors

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - 'Van Gogh' Simulations Give New Insight Into Turbulent Stars - also here
Background


Gas outflows from black holes

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Black Holes May Fill the Universe with Seeds of Life
  2. April 20, 2007 - Black Holes Exhale Enormous Gas Cloud
  3. April 21, 2007 - XMM-Newton Pinpoints Intergalactic Polluters - also here
Background


Quantum chromodynamics

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Perturbative QCD fails for Compton scattering
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 21, 2007 - Physicist develops natural motor technique
Background


X-ray free-electron lasers

References:
  1. April 21, 2007 - Toward imaging single biomolecules
Background



Life sciences


Genetic evolution in chimpanzees vs. humans

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Chimps 'more evolved' than humans
  2. April 16, 2007 - Chimps Are Champs of Genetic Changes
  3. April 18, 2007 - Chimps have the jump on us in evolution
  4. April 21, 2007 - Human-chimp Gene Study Upsets Long-held View
Background


Bacterial genome

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Extreme-living bacteria has genome sequenced
Background


Re-evolution of sexual reproduction in soil mites

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Bringing Sex Back
Background


Signal control in the central nervous system

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Information Processing In The Central Nervous System: The Signalling System Controlling Movement
Background


Evolution of bacterial flagella

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - A Complex Tail, Simply Told
Background, Background


Axonal transport of proteins

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Stop And Go: Proteins Important In Alzheimer's, Parkinson's Disease Travel In The Slow Lane - also here
Background, Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Hobbit Hominids Lived the Island Life
Background


Temporal sequence in memory

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Sleep Enforces The Temporal Sequence In Memory - also here, here
Background, Background


Membrane fusion in cells

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Biologists Prove Critical Step In Membrane Fusion
Background


Sex determination in lizards

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Genes versus heat - a reptile sex trigger
  2. April 19, 2007 - For Bearded Lizards, Heat Trumps Genes When It Comes to Gender
Background


Visual processing

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Can You Believe Your Shifty Eyes?
  2. April 19, 2007 - How The Brain Copes With Shifty Eyeballs - also here, here
Background


Neuron participation in memory formation

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - The Brain May Use Only 20 Percent of Its Memory-Forming Neurons
  2. April 20, 2007 - Researchers Unlock Key To Memory Storage In Brain - also here
Background


Genes activated during learning and memory

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Scientists Identify Genes Activated During Learning And Memory - also here
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Scientists Film Proteins At Work By Freezing Them At Different States - also here
Background


Wound healing

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Wound Healing: Scientists Identify Key Function Of A Molecule
Background


Social memory

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Forming Social Memories
Background, Background


Metacognition in monkeys

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Monkeys' Ability To Reflect On Their Thoughts May Have Implications For Infants, Autistic Children - also here
Background


Olfaction

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Lily Of The Valley Fragrance: Determining Interactions With Scent Receptors
Background


Control of prefrontal cortex networks

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Brain networks strengthened by closing ion channels - also here, here
Background


Sleep and relational memory

References:
  1. April 21, 2007 - To Understand The Big Picture, Give It Time - And Sleep - also here, here
Background, Background


Evolutionary developmental biology of the central nervous system

References:
  1. April 21, 2007 - Human Brain Has Origin in Lowly Worm
  2. April 22, 2007 - The Origin Of The Brain Lies In A Worm
Background, Background, Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Effect of broccoli, soy on cancer cells explained
  2. April 16, 2007 - Red and processed meat linked to breast cancer
  3. April 16, 2007 - PSA test poor predictor of prostate cancer outcome
  4. April 16, 2007 - ImClone cancer drug trials mixed but encouraging
  5. April 16, 2007 - Breastfeeding may protect against breast cancer
  6. April 16, 2007 - Progress Toward A Targeted Therapy For A Specific Form Of Leukemia - also here
  7. April 16, 2007 - Eat Your Fruits And Vegetables: One Extra Serving Per Day May Lower Your Risk Of Head And Neck Cancer
  8. April 16, 2007 - Breast Cancer Risk Linked To Epigenetic Changes Related To Race, Smoking And Birth Size - also here
  9. April 16, 2007 - Mold By-product Kills Multiple Myeloma - also here
  10. April 16, 2007 - Snake Venom As Therapeutic Treatment Of Cancer?
  11. April 16, 2007 - Investigational Cancer Drug Targets Critical Proteins - also here
  12. April 16, 2007 - Detecting Head Or Neck Cancer With Oral Rinse
  13. April 16, 2007 - Breath Test To Identify Early Stage Lung Cancer
  14. April 16, 2007 - Enhancing Chemotherapy's Efficacy: New Agent Has Synergistic Effect With Standard Drugs - also here
  15. April 16, 2007 - New imaging method shows whether treatment for advanced prostate cancer is working
  16. April 17, 2007 - Soy, broccoli anti-cancer link explained
  17. April 17, 2007 - Breastfeeding may protect older mothers from cancer
  18. April 17, 2007 - Aspirin reduces overall cancer and mortality rates - also here
  19. April 17, 2007 - Researchers link gene mutation to Erbitux response
  20. April 17, 2007 - Bringing Cancer to the Dinner Table: Breast Cancer Cells Grow Under Influence of Fish Flesh
  21. April 17, 2007 - Genetic Instability And Development Of Second Primary Tumors After Hodgkin's Disease
  22. April 17, 2007 - Untreated Asthma May Increase Risk Of Lung Metastasis
  23. April 17, 2007 - Determining Risks Of Second Cancers Among Survivors Of Cervical Cancer
  24. April 17, 2007 - Scientists Induce Cell Death In Leukemia - also here, here
  25. April 17, 2007 - Breastfeeding Reduces Risk Of Breast Cancer For Women Who Delay Childbirth - also here
  26. April 17, 2007 - High Levels Of Antibodies, Low Levels Of Cancer?
  27. April 17, 2007 - Can Aspirin Help Keep Cancer At Bay?
  28. April 17, 2007 - Blood DNA Can Be Early Predictor Of Liver Cancer - also here
  29. April 17, 2007 - Popular Herbal Supplement Hinders Growth Of Pancreatic Cancer Cells - also here
  30. April 17, 2007 - Accurately Predicting Pancreatic Cancer Risk
  31. April 17, 2007 - Marijuana Cuts Lung Cancer Tumor Growth In Half, Study Shows
  32. April 17, 2007 - Risk Of Second Malignant Neoplasms After Childhood Leukemia And Lymphoma
  33. April 17, 2007 - Cetuximab and irinotecan combination increases survival in metastatic colorectal cancer
  34. April 17, 2007 - Researchers develop pancreas cancer risk model
  35. April 18, 2007 - Cannabis compound slows lung cancer in mice
  36. April 18, 2007 - Race differences in breast cancer due to biology
  37. April 18, 2007 - Chromosomes Tell Tale Of Patient's Risk For New, Future Cancer - also here, here
  38. April 18, 2007 - Genes And Biomarkers That Allow Doctors To Choose The Right Therapy For The Right Patient
  39. April 18, 2007 - Detection Of Melanoma By Dermatologists Linked With Higher Survival Rates - also here
  40. April 18, 2007 - Long-term Use Of Adult-strength Aspirin Linked To A Moderate Decreased Cancer Risk - also here
  41. April 18, 2007 - HRT linked to ovarian cancer risk
  42. April 19, 2007 - Virus Sent To Attack Brain Tumors From The Inside Out
  43. April 19, 2007 - HRT increases risk of dying from ovarian cancer
  44. April 19, 2007 - Two studies link hormones and cancer in women
  45. April 19, 2007 - Key Gene That May Be A Marker Of Breast Cancer Metastasis Identified - also here
  46. April 19, 2007 - Cetuximab Increases Survival In Advanced Colorectal Cancer Patients - also here
  47. April 19, 2007 - Strong Link Between Breast Cancer And Hormone Replacement Therapy Found
  48. April 19, 2007 - Black Raspberries Yield Possible Skin Cancer Treatment
  49. April 19, 2007 - Boosting Immune 'Killer Cells,' Increases Antibody Effectiveness Against Cancer - also here
  50. April 19, 2007 - Nutrients In Certain Vegetables May Provide Cancer-fighting Benefit - also here, here
  51. April 19, 2007 - Enzyme Could Be Used To Predict Survival And Recurrence Rates For Nasopharyngeal Cancer
  52. April 19, 2007 - Decrease in breast cancer incidence linked to drop in hormone replacement
  53. April 19, 2007 - Decrease in breast cancer rates related to reduction in use of hormone replacement therapy
  54. April 19, 2007 - Reaction to report on breast cancer incidence in 2003 in US
  55. April 19, 2007 - Breast Cancer Drop Tied To Less Hormone Use
  56. April 19, 2007 - Hormones Can Raise Breast Cancer Risk - also here
  57. April 20, 2007 - Why cisplatin kills breast cancer cells when other drugs fail
  58. April 20, 2007 - Molecular signature may identify cisplatin-sensitive breast tumors
  59. April 20, 2007 - Researchers Report Ability to Detect Cancer at Earliest, Curable Stage
  60. April 21, 2007 - Novel Drug Shows Potential For Treating Leukemia - also here, here
  61. April 22, 2007 - Knocking Out Survival Protein Could Aid Leukemia Treatment - also here
Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Antigenics vaccine shows promise in brain cancer
  2. April 16, 2007 - Brain Tumor Vaccine Trial Shows Promising Results - also here, here
  3. April 18, 2007 - Breast Cancer Vaccine Stimulates Potent Immune Response To Cancer Cells
  4. April 20, 2007 - Head And Neck Cancer Vaccine Targets Proteins To Create Immune Response - also here
  5. April 20, 2007 - Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine Halts Progression Of Disease In Some Patients - also here
  6. April 20, 2007 - Cancer Vaccines: Taking A Jab At Cancer By Stimulating The Immune System
Background, Background


MicroRNA as tumor suppressor

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - MicroRNAs as tumor suppressors - also here
  2. April 26, 2007 - MicroRNAs Can Be Tumor Suppressors - also here, here
Background, Background


Nanoparticle biomarker detection

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Smart Hydrogel Nanoparticles For Serum Cancer Biomarkers Harvesting
  2. April 22, 2007 - Nano-nose sniffs out sickness
  3. April 26, 2007 - Scientists Create Nano Nose Aimed At Sniffing Out Diseased Cells - also here
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Two drugs comparable for diabetes in children
  2. April 16, 2007 - No Sign That Ethnic Groups' Genes Cause Diabetes
  3. April 19, 2007 - Standard Long-acting Insulin As Good As Newer Medications
  4. April 20, 2007 - Exercise may lower diabetes risk in older adults
Background


Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Novel Gene Therapy Hints at Improvement - also here, here
Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 16, 2007 - Stem cell study zeroes in on ALS cause
  2. April 18, 2007 - Stem Cells Decrease Ischemic Injury And Restore Brain Function - also here, here
  3. April 18, 2007 - Stem Cells Provide New Tool For Studying Disease And Identifying ALS Drugs - also here, here
  4. April 20, 2007 - System For Expanding Stem Cells To Form Cartilage Tissue Under Development
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Sound-system spots early Alzheimer's in brain waves
  2. April 17, 2007 - Alzheimer's And Dementia: Brain Structure Changes Years Before Memory Loss Begins
  3. April 17, 2007 - Research Could Lead To Treatment For Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  4. April 17, 2007 - Brain changes seen in Alzheimer's victims before memory loss
  5. April 19, 2007 - Omega-3 Fatty Acid May Help Prevent Alzheimer's Brain Lesions
  6. April 20, 2007 - Brain structure changes precede impaired cognition
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - US approves first bird flu vaccine for people
  2. April 17, 2007 - FDA approves Sanofi bird flu vaccine
  3. April 17, 2007 - U.S. approves first bird flu vaccine for people
  4. April 19, 2007 - Bird Flu Genome Study Shows New Strains, Western Spread
  5. April 19, 2007 - Map Predicting Spread Of Avian Flu - also here
  6. April 20, 2007 - Tamiflu key to treat bird flu, avoid steroids: WHO
  7. April 21, 2007 - Bangladesh says bird flu spread to more farms
Background


High omega-6 fat levels, inflammation, and depression

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Fatty acid tied to depression and inflammation - also here
Background, Background


Persistent effects of early heart disease risk factors

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Heart Disease: Having Elevated Risk Factors In Young Adulthood Raises Later Risks Too - also here
  2. April 25, 2007 - Heart disease risk should be assessed early
Background


Genetic factors in myelination

References:
  1. April 17, 2007 - Researchers discover gene crucial for nerve cell insulation - also here
Background


Influenza and heart disease

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Flu triggers heart attacks, study shows
  2. April 18, 2007 - Flu Is A Trigger Of Heart Attacks, Researchers Say
Background, Background


Hypertension

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Panel backs new use of Bristol hypertension drug
Background


Cancer risks from nanoparticles

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Nanoparticles Can Damage DNA, Increase Cancer Risk - also here
Background, Background


Nanoparticle gene therapy for cancer

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Intravenous Nanoparticle Gene Therapy Shows Activity In Stage IV Lung Cancer - also here, here
  2. April 18, 2007 - Novel Viral-based Gene Therapy Targets Tumors, Leave Normal Cells Alone
Background, Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. April 18, 2007 - Malaria-infected mice cured by 1 dose of new drug - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Natural peptide protects against HIV
  2. April 20, 2007 - Natural Ingredient Of Human Blood Effectively Blocks HIV
  3. April 21, 2007 - Peptide that thwarts HIV found
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Dairy food linked with Parkinson's disease in men
  2. April 22, 2007 - Parkinson's Drugs Undergoing Tests - also here
Background


Salt and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Salt may affect more than blood pressure: study
  2. April 19, 2007 - Cutting salt 'reduces heart risk'
  3. April 20, 2007 - Low-salt diet prevents heart attacks and strokes
  4. April 20, 2007 - Eating Less Salt Could Prevent Cardiovascular Disease - also here, here
  5. April 20, 2007 - Scientists prove that salty diet costs lives
Background, Background


Hepatitis

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Hepatitis A And Hepatitis C Attack Same Protein To Block Immune Defenses, Scientists Find - also here
Background


Methamphetamine

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Lab Finds Meth Receptor That Could Lead To New Therapy - also here
Background


Genetic factors in cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Twin Studies Reveal Genetic Components Leading To Cardiac And Kidney Disease - also here
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. April 19, 2007 - Discoveries Thrust Cancer-initiating Stem Cells Into A Larger Role In Cancer Biology And Treatment - also here
Background, Background


Antioxidants in fruit

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Fruit proves better than vitamin C alone
Background


Resveratrol content of wine

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Resveratrol Content Varies Among Red Wines
Background


Green tea and autoimmune disease

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Green Tea And EGCG May Help Prevent Autoimmune Diseases - also here, here
Background


Polyphenols and anthocyanins in berries

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Strawberry Daiquiris: The Extra-healthy Cocktail? - also here, here
  2. April 20, 2007 - Fruity cocktails count as health food, study finds
Background


Dichloroacetate

References:
  1. April 20, 2007 - Cheap molecule may attack tumours
Background


Crohn's disease

References:
  1. April 21, 2007 - Susceptibility To Crohn's Disease -- An Important New Clue - also here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved