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Volume 6, Number 18
April 30, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Black holes
Fuel cells
Bionic vision
Global warming
Rapid star formation in very early, distant galaxies
Shedding of gas from dying stars
Nanotechnology
Clouds and climate
Extrasolar planets
Solar cells
Internet2 data transfer speed record
Coronal mass ejections
Estimating stellar ages
Further verification of Newtonian dynamics
Earthquakes
Carbon nanotubes
Spintronics
Understanding the carbon cycle
Axion detection experiments
Large Hadron Collider
Quantum cryptography
Controlled fusion
Black holes and wormholes
Terahertz imaging
Optical lattice model of QCD
Detecting dark matter annihilatons
Control of methane emissions

Life sciences

Ocean phytoplankton and CO2
Cooperative behavior in chimps
'Junk DNA' and mammalian evolution
Aggression and serotonin in humans and fruit flies
Gene repression by methylation
Chirality and recognition between biological molecules
Klotho gene variant and glucose metabolism
Neanderthals
Phosphorylation
Sea squirts and regenerative medicine
Sleep and memory
Canine learning by selective imitation
Cortisol production
Telomerase and cancer
Brain-imaging studies
Wolf clones
Germ cell development in planaria
Cortical polarity in cell membranes
MicroRNA and the immune system
Influenza genome database
Planning by birds
Mouse brain simulation
Synthesis of vitamin C in plants
Re-evolution of complex structures
Food cues, brain activity, gene expression, and overeating
Recovering lost memory

Health and medicine

Cancer
Parkinson's disease
Vitamin D
Heart disease and β-AR receptors
Heart disease and hypertension
High fat intake and overreaction to stress
Role of T cells in autoimmune disease
Glucocorticoids and contact dermatitis
Leptin, gene therapy, obesity, and bone growth
Depression and diabetes
Lack of maternal immune system response to fetal proteins
Omega-3 fatty acids
Schizophrenia
AIDS
Hepatitis C
Alzheimer's disease
Measuring effectiveness of statin drug dosage
Inflammatory bowel disease
Anti-leukemia activity of anthocyanidins
Melatonin, repair of oxidative stress, and aging
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Flavonols and cancer
Persistent effects of addictive drugs
Vaccines
High insulin levels and cardiovascular disease
Health risks of advanced glycation end products
Carboranes as COX inhibitors
Bipolar disorder
Genetics of diabetes risk
Dopamine
Diabetes
Treatment of acute coronary syndromes
Antibiotic resistance in bacterial communities
Stem cells and cancer
Aspirin and coronary artery disease
Multiple sclerosis



Physical sciences and technology


Black holes

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Giant space cloud may be powered by black holes
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Simple filter may inspire smaller fuel cells
Background


Bionic vision

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Deep brain implants show bionic vision promise
  2. April 24, 2007 - The Rise of Bionic Eyes
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Global warming imperils Himalayan glaciers
  2. April 27, 2007 - April sets European heat records
  3. April 27, 2007 - April weather set to break record
  4. April 27, 2007 - Satellites shed light on global warming - also here
  5. April 28, 2007 - Britain basks in hottest April since 1865
Background


Rapid star formation in very early, distant galaxies

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Forming Galaxies Captured In The Young Universe By Hubble, VLT & Spitzer
Background


Shedding of gas from dying stars

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Dying Sun-like Stars Leave Whirlpools In Their Wake
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - IBM brings MRI technology to the nanoscale
  2. April 23, 2007 - Nanoscale 'Coaxial Cables' for Solar Energy Harvesting
  3. April 26, 2007 - MRI resolution reaches 90 nm
  4. April 26, 2007 - Boron Buckyball: Materials Scientists Find Stable, Spherical Form For Boron - also here, here
  5. April 26, 2007 - Why Nanowires Make Great Photodetectors - also here
  6. April 27, 2007 - Optoelectronic tweezers push nanowires around
  7. April 27, 2007 - Placing single nanowires: NIST makes the connection - also here, here
  8. April 27, 2007 - Scientists Hand-Make Devices Smaller than 10 Nanometers
  9. April 27, 2007 - Nano Structures Can Pose Big Measurement Problems - also here
Background


Clouds and climate

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Every cloud has an invisible halo
  2. April 25, 2007 - Understanding Polar Climate, With Help Of Cloudy Skies - also here, here
  3. May 4, 2007 - Widespread 'Twilight Zone' Detected Around Clouds, Not Included In Most Climate Change Models - also here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - All Wet? Astronomers Claim Discovery of Earth-like Planet
  2. April 24, 2007 - Astronomers Find First Habitable Earth-like Planet - also here, here
  3. April 24, 2007 - Major Discovery: New Planet Could Harbor Water and Life
  4. April 25, 2007 - 'Goldilocks' planet may be just right for life
  5. April 25, 2007 - "Super-Earth" Found
  6. April 25, 2007 - Scientists find most Earth-like planet yet
  7. April 25, 2007 - New Earth-like planet 'habitable'
  8. April 25, 2007 - The most Earth-like planet yet
  9. April 25, 2007 - New 'super-Earth' found in space
  10. April 25, 2007 - Potentially Habitable Planet Found - also here
  11. April 26, 2007 - Scientists Discover 'Super-Earth' Planet
  12. April 28, 2008 - Extrasolar with the Potential for Life
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - New Solar Cells See the Light
Background


Internet2 data transfer speed record

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Researchers Break Internet Speed Records - also here
Background


Coronal mass ejections

References:
  1. April 24, 2008 - Twin spacecraft take first 3D images of the Sun
Background


Estimating stellar ages

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Single stars may finally admit their ages
  2. April 27, 2007 - Gyrochronology -- a Powerful New Method to Determine Stellar Ages
Background


Further verification of Newtonian dynamics

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - New lower limit set for Newton's law
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Monsoon rains may suppress Himalayan quakes
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Scientists Shatter World Records With Length Of Latest Carbon Nanotube Arrays - also here
  2. April 27, 2007 - Lengthy nanotube crop may mean super-strong fibres
  3. May 10, 2007 - The Longest Carbon Nanotubes You've Ever Seen - also here, here, here
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - New Materials For Making 'Spintronic' Devices - also here, here
Background


Understanding the carbon cycle

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Satellites Play Vital Role In Understanding The Carbon Cycle - also here
Background


Axion detection experiments

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Revamped Experiment Could Detect Elusive Particle, Physicists Say - also here, here
Background, Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Timeline for Particle Collider in Doubt - also here
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Quantum cryptography is hacked
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Rapid-fire 'spark plug' may bring fusion power closer
  2. April 29, 2007 - Rapid-fire pulse brings Sandia Z method closer to goal of high-yield fusion reactor - also here, here, here
Background


Black holes and wormholes

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Could black holes be portals to other universes?
Background, Background


Terahertz imaging

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Terahertz Imaging Goes The Distance - also here
Background


Optical lattice model of QCD

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Optical lattices could give insight into QCD
Background


Detecting dark matter annihilatons

References:
  1. April 29, 2007 - Dark mappers take a gamma-ray view
Background


Control of methane emissions

References:
  1. April 29, 2007 - The heat is on for greenhouse gas methane
Background



Life sciences


Ocean phytoplankton and CO2

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Only mother nature knows how to fertilize the ocean
  2. April 26, 2007 - Ocean gobbles carbon at different rates
  3. April 26, 2007 - Picture If You Will an Oceanic 'Twilight Zone' of Microscopic Creatures Hindering Carbon Sequestration
  4. April 26, 2007 - Ocean iron and CO2 interaction studied
  5. April 27, 2007 - Ocean's 'twilight zone' plays important role in climate change - also here
  6. April 27, 2007 - Ocean's 'Twilight Zone' May Be a Key to Understanding Climate Change - also here
Background, Background


Cooperative behavior in chimps

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Chimp cooperation goes beyond family
Background


'Junk DNA' and mammalian evolution

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Jumping 'Junk' DNA May Fuel Mammalian Evolution
  2. April 24, 2007 - 'Junk' DNA Now Looks Like Powerful Regulator, Scientists Find
Background


Aggression and serotonin in humans and fruit flies

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Similar Brain Chemicals Influence Aggression In Fruit Flies And Humans - also here, here
Background, Background


Gene repression by methylation

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Repressing Genes
Background


Chirality and recognition between biological molecules

References:
  1. 1 April 24, 2007 - Everything Starts With Recognition - also here, here
  2. May 4, 2007 - Scientists View Molecular Rendezvous - also here
Background


Klotho gene variant and glucose metabolism

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Obesity May Be Associated With A Relative Of Anti-aging Gene, Klotho
Background, Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - The Emerging Fate Of The Neandertals - also here
Background


Phosphorylation

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - New Information About Old Proteins Offers Researchers Shortcuts To Study Disease - also here
Background, Background


Sea squirts and regenerative medicine

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Sea Squirt, Heal Thyself: Scientists Make Major Breakthrough In Regenerative Medicine - also here
Background


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Sleep Strengthens Your Memory - also here
  2. April 28, 2007 - Time delay plus slumber equals memory boost
Background, Background


Canine learning by selective imitation

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Dogs show human-like learning ability
  2. April 26, 2007 - Doggie See, Doggie Do
  3. April 27, 2007 - Dogs Copy Other Dogs' Actions Selectively, The Way Humans Do - also here
  4. June 4, 2007 - What Were They Thinking? More Than We Knew
Background


Cortisol production

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Scientists Unravel Clue In Cortisol Production - also here, here
Background


Telomerase and cancer

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Blood Cancer Stopped In Mice By Shortening The Ends Of Chromosomes - also here, here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Tricky spelling drains the brain
  2. April 29, 2007 - Younger generation has greater fear of loss
Background


Wolf clones

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - South Korean team cleared in cloned wolf probe
  2. April 27, 2007 - Cloned wolves genuine, paperwork substandard
Background


Germ cell development in planaria

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Study Of Planarians Offers Insight Into Germ Cell Development - also here
Background


Cortical polarity in cell membranes

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Cell Biology: Asymmetry Due To Perfect Balance - also here, here
Background, Background


MicroRNA and the immune system

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Minuscule Molecules Pack A Powerful Punch - also here
  2. April 27, 2007 - Studies Reveal an Immune System Regulator
Background, Background


Influenza genome database

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Flu Gene Database Speeds ID And Tracking Of Emerging Influenza Strains
Background, Background


Planning by birds

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Wanting Ahead: Birds Plan For Future Desires
Background


Mouse brain simulation

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Mouse brain simulated on computer
Background


Synthesis of vitamin C in plants

References:
  1. April 28, 2007 - Scientists Find Missing Link To Understand How Plants Make Vitamin C - also here, here
Background


Re-evolution of complex structures

References:
  1. April 28, 2007 - Sea Snails Break The Law - also here, here
Background


Food cues, brain activity, gene expression, and overeating

References:
  1. April 28, 2007 - Food Cue-related Brain Activity Linked To Obesity? - also here, here
Background, Background


Recovering lost memory

References:
  1. April 29, 2007 - Lost memories could be restored by 'rewiring' brain
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - China experts identify cancer-preventing gene type
  2. April 23, 2007 - Melanoma in kids differs from the adult cancer
  3. April 23, 2007 - One Reason Why Bladder Cancer Hits More Men Than Women - also here
  4. April 23, 2007 - Virtual Colonoscopy Is Most Cost-effective Colon Cancer Screening Test, Study Says
  5. April 23, 2007 - Why Cisplatin Kills Breast Cancer Cells When Other Drugs Fail
  6. April 23, 2007 - Binge drinking raises cancer risk
  7. April 23, 2007 - Can Aspirin Prevent Cancer? Jury's Out - also here
  8. April 24, 2007 - U.S. study shows no breast cancer/abortion link
  9. April 24, 2007 - Neither Abortion Nor Miscarriage Associated With Breast Cancer Risk
  10. April 24, 2007 - Mouth rinse spots early head and neck cancer
  11. April 24, 2007 - Gene Analysis Might Explain Ethnic Differences In Sensitivity To Chemotherapy In Lung Cancer
  12. April 25, 2007 - U.S. cancer group launches mass cancer study
  13. April 25, 2007 - New Advance In Lung Cancer Treatment - also here
  14. April 25, 2007 - New Treatment Yields Complete Regression Of A Human Cancer In Mice - also here
  15. April 26, 2007 - Close kin of colorectal patients prone to tumours: study
  16. April 26, 2007 - Black cohosh may cut breast cancer risk
  17. April 26, 2007 - New Hereditary Breast Cancer Gene Discovered - also here, here
  18. April 26, 2007 - Breast Cancer Milieu: Progression, Tamoxifen Sensitivity, And DNA Reversion
  19. April 26, 2007 - New Prostate Cancer Test May Detect More Tumors
  20. April 27, 2007 - Non-aspirin NSAIDs may reduce lung cancer risk
  21. April 27, 2007 - Researchers Develop Prostate Cancer Sensor
  22. April 27, 2007 - Possible New Cancer Treatment? Antifungal Drug Stops Blood Vessel Growth - also here, here
  23. April 27, 2007 - New mechanism identified for resistance to targeted lung cancer drugs
  24. April 27, 2007 - No data to support leaving small colon polyps in place
  25. April 28, 2007 - Pomegranate Juice May Help Fight Lung Cancer
  26. April 29, 2007 - New animal study may explain why alcohol consumption increases breast cancer risk - also here, here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Studies line up on Parkinson's-pesticides link
  2. April 24, 2007 - Exercise May Lower Risk For Parkinson's Disease
  3. April 27, 2007 - New Blood Test Can Diagnose And Monitor Treatment Of Parkinson's Disease - also here, here
  4. April 28, 2007 - Depression May Be Early Sign Of Parkinson's Disease
  5. April 28, 2007 - Depression may be early Parkinson's sign
Background


Vitamin D

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Vitamin D affects physical function in elderly
  2. April 23, 2007 - Low Vitamin D Levels Linked To Poor Physical Performance In Older Adults - also here, here
Background


Heart disease and β-AR receptors

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Not All Beta-adrenergic Receptors Cause Heart Disease Along The Same Pathway
Background


Heart disease and hypertension

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - ACE Inhibitors Provide Greater Heart Protection
Background


Lack of maternal immune system response to fetal proteins

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Why Don't Mothers' Bodies Reject Their Fetus?
Background


High fat intake and overreaction to stress

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - A Steady, High-fat Diet Is Bad, But The News Gets Worse - also here
Background


Role of T cells in autoimmune disease

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Autoantibodies Help T Cells 'See' Their Target
Background, Background


Glucocorticoids and contact dermatitis

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - How Glucocorticoids (Poison Ivy And Skin Irritation Medication) Work
Background, Background


Leptin, gene therapy, obesity, and bone growth

References:
  1. April 23, 2007 - Neural mechanisms play role in healthy bone growth
Background, Background


Depression and diabetes

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Study sees major depression connection to diabetes
  2. April 24, 2007 - Symptoms Of Depression Associated With Development Of Diabetes In Older Adults
  3. April 25, 2007 - Depression May Trigger Diabetes In Older Adults - also here
  4. April 26, 2007 - Depression treatment doesn't help diabetes control
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Fish oil may preserve thinking ability in elderly - also here
  2. April 26, 2007 - Omega-3 may fight Alzheimer brain changes
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - White Matter Matters in Schizophrenia
  2. April 25, 2007 - How Genetics, White-matter Defects, Dopamine Abnormalities And Disease Symptoms Are Associated
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - FDA panel urges approval of Pfizer AIDS drug
  2. April 24, 2007 - U.S. panel urges approval of Pfizer AIDS drug - also here
  3. April 24, 2007 - New HIV Drug Recommended for Approval - also here
  4. April 27, 2007 - Vaccine to cope with viral diversity in HIV - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - New Protein Controls Growth Of Hepatitis C Virus
  2. April 27, 2007 - Protein found that slows hepatitis C growth in liver cells
  3. April 27, 2007 - New test helps identify hepatitis C patients at high risk of developing cirrhosis - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Cortex Area Thinner In Youth With Alzheimer's-related Gene
  2. April 26, 2007 - Commonly Used Pain Medications Do Not Prevent Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  3. April 27, 2007 - Low dose aspirin does not protect women against cognitive decline - also here
  4. April 30, 2007 - Painkillers don't prevent Alzheimer's: study
Background


Measuring effectiveness of statin drug dosage

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Are Higher Doses Of Cholesterol Drugs Worth The Extra Money? Only Sometimes, Study Says
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Inflammatory Bowel Disease Linked To Nerve Damage
Background


Anti-leukemia activity of anthocyanidins

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Antioxidant Found In Many Foods And Red Wine Is Potent And Selective Killer Of Leukemia Cells - also here
Background, Background


Melatonin, repair of oxidative stress, and aging

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - High Melatonin Content Can Help Delay Aging, Mouse Study Suggests
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 24, 2007 - Migraines Associated With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease In Men
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Horses lead humans in stem cells race - also here
  2. April 25, 2007 - Stem cell identity in culture may strongly depend on the cellular microenvironment
  3. April 29, 2007 - When smell cells fail they call in stem cell reserves
Background


Flavonols and cancer

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Flavonols may help ward of pancreatic cancer
Background, Background


Persistent effects of addictive drugs

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Addictive drugs harm brain's natural brake: study
  2. April 26, 2007 - Morphine Makes Lasting -- And Surprising -- Change In The Brain - also here, here
  3. April 27, 2007 - How Morphine Breaks the Brain's Brakes May Be Key to Breaking Addiction
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Towards Rational Vaccine Design - also here
Background


High insulin levels and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - High Insulin Levels Impair Intestinal Metabolic Function - also here, here
Background, Background


Health risks of advanced glycation end products

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Food Preparation May Play A Big Role In Chronic Disease - also here
Background, Background, Background, Background, Background


Carboranes as COX inhibitors

References:
  1. April 25, 2007 - Controlling Damaging Protein Plaques Without Side-effects: Research Could Improve Alzheimer's Medication
Background, Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Antidepressants don't help bipolar depression - also here
Background


Genetics of diabetes risk

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Scientists identify new genes linked to diabetes
  2. April 26, 2007 - Genomic Hunt Captures "Diabetes DNA"
  3. April 26, 2007 - New diabetes genetic risk factors found - also here
  4. April 27, 2007 - New Genetic Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes Identified - also here
  5. April 27, 2007 - Landmark study highlights complex genetic risk factors behind type 2 diabetes
  6. April 27, 2007 - Genome-wide search unearths surprising clues for diabetes and triglycerides - also here
  7. April 27, 2007 - Genetic flaws may point way on diabetes
Background


Dopamine

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Dopamine-related drugs affect reward-seeking behavior - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 26, 2007 - Anti-diabetes pills 'unjustified'
  2. April 28, 2007 - Rats' virus holds clues to Type 1 diabetes
Background


Treatment of acute coronary syndromes

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Sticking With Guidelines For Acute Coronary Syndromes Benefits Even Very Elderly Patients
  2. May 1, 2007 - The very aged benefit from heart treatment
Background


Antibiotic resistance in bacterial communities

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - New Hope For Fighting Antibiotic Resistance
Background, Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Cancer Scientists Create 'Human' Leukemia Process To Map How Disease Begins, Progresses - also here
Background, Background


Aspirin and coronary artery disease

References:
  1. April 27, 2007 - Aspirin may be less effective heart treatment for women than men - also here, here
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. April 29, 2007 - Multiple Sclerosis Is Increasingly Becoming A Woman's Disease: Why?
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved