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Volume 6, Number 27
July 2, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Laser ranging tests of gravity
Hydrogen storage
D′′ layer of the mantle
Large Hadron Collider
Global warming
Digital storage technology
Plate tectonics
Quantum dots
Brain-computer interface and virtual reality
Nanotechnology
Carbon sequestration
Cascade b baryons
Supernovae
Stellar organic chemistry
Supercomputers
Nanoparticle-protein complexes
Neutron stars
Biological computers
Cosmological simulation with black holes
Test of Lorentz invariance
Fuel cells
Graphene
European astrophysicist wish list
Cosmological models
DNA sequencing with nanopores

Life sciences

Altruism in chimpanzees
Agricultural biotechnology
Nonmonogamy in starlings
Computational model of protein networks
Neanderthals
Synthetic biology
Cancer biology
MicroRNA and cancer
Disease-related sex differences in brains
CD38, metabolic syndrome, and obesity
MicroRNA and flower development
Color vision in primates and sexual selection
Glial cells and myelination
Sexual selection in iguanas
Brain-imaging studies
DNA repair
Modeling evolution of cooperation
Exercise and neuron growth
Wnt and cell signal transduction
Non-coding RNA and gene regulation
Evolution of punishment
Evolutionary origins of the hypothalamus

Health and medicine

Tuberculosis
Cardiovascular disease
Diabetes
Cancer
Stem cells
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Alzheimer's disease
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Artificial skin
AIDS
Malaria
Gene therapy
Nanoparticle drug delivery
Diet comparison
Avian flu
Autism
Multiple sclerosis
Lupus
Absorption of antioxidants from food
Parkinson's disease
Health benefits of meditation
Mathematics and cancer
Benefits of calcium from food vs. supplements



Physical sciences and technology


Laser ranging tests of gravity

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Moon-based lasers could uncover exotic physics
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Roll up for better hydrogen fuel storage
Background


D′′ layer of the mantle

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Scientist uncovers Earth's mysterious layer - also here, here
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Large Hadron Collider Start-Up Delayed Until May 2008
  2. June 25, 2007 - Cern particle lab schedule slips
  3. June 29, 2007 - Particle smasher aims for May 2008 switch-on
Backgroud


Global warming

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Desert dust cuts mountain snow, may spur warming
  2. June 27, 2007 - Researchers: Antarctica Ice Sheet Stable - also here
  3. June 29, 2007 - 2007 seen as second warmest year as climate shifts
Background


Digital storage technology

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - New Nano-method May Help Compress Computer Memory - also here
  2. June 27, 2007 - All-Optical Magnetic Recording
  3. June 28, 2007 - Lighting a Fire Under Hard Drives
Background, Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Without Hot Rock, Much Of North America Would Be Underwater - also here
  2. June 26, 2007 - How Radioactivity Keeps You Dry
  3. June 26, 2007 - Earth's Inner Heat Keeps Cities Afloat - also here, here
  4. June 30, 2007 - Earth's internal heat keeps US above sea level
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Virus 'hybrids' can act as nanoscale memory devices
Background


Brain-computer interface and virtual reality

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Virtual world sharpens mind-control
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - New Way To Build Nanodevices In The Lab: Electron Beam 'Carves' The World's Smallest Devices - also here
  2. June 27, 2007 - A Highly-Efficient Room -Temperature Nanolaser
  3. June 27, 2007 - Nanowires to probe biological samples
  4. June 28, 2007 - Nanoscale Flashlight
  5. June 29, 2007 - Bright Future For Nano-sized Light Source - also here
Background


Carbon sequestration

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Greenhouse Gas Burial: Storing Unwanted Carbon Dioxide In Unmineable Coal Seams - also here, here
Background


Cascade b baryons

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Back-to-Back b Baryons in Batavia
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Astronomers Spot Double Star Explosion
  2. June 27, 2007 - NASA'S Swift Sees Double Supernova In Galaxy - also here, here
Background


Stellar organic chemistry

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Dying star generates the stuff of life
Background, Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - IBM creates world's most powerful computer
  2. June 27, 2007 - IBM Triples Performance of World's Fastest Supercomputer
  3. June 27, 2007 - Supercomputer steps up the pace
Background


Nanoparticle-protein complexes

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Pairing Nanoparticles With Proteins: Engineering Molecules For Energy Conversion, Drug Delivery, And Medical Imaging - also here, here
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Neutron Stars Spew Like Black Holes
  2. June 28, 2007 - Neutron Stars Join The Black Hole Jet Set - also here, here
  3. June 29, 2007 - Pocket-Sized Powerhouse
Background


Biological computers

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - A computer in every cell
Background


Cosmological simulation with black holes

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Astronomers conduct most detailed cosmological simulation to date - also here, here
  2. June 28, 2007 - By including black holes for the first time in a large-scale cosmological simulation, physicists uncover their function in regulating the growth of galaxies
  3. June 29, 2007 - Blackholes make simulated universe debut
  4. July 3, 2007 - Black Holes are Key to the Evolution of the Universe
Technical papers:
  1. Direct cosmological simulations of the growth of black holes and galaxies
Background, Background


Test of Lorentz invariance

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Two relativity tests are better than one
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - New Cost-efficient Method For Creating Portable Hydrogen Fuel Cells
  2. June 30, 2007 - Inexpensive Bio-Inspired Materials That Could Make Hydrogen Fuel Cells Feasible
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - Graphene p-n junction is unveiled - also here
Background


European astrophysicist wish list

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - Astrophysicists draw up wish list
Background


Cosmological models

References:
  1. July 1, 2007 - What Happened Before the Big Bang? - also here, here
  2. July 1, 2007 - Echoes from Before the Big Bang May Be Inaudible
  3. July 1, 2007 - "Cosmic forgetfulness" shrouds time before the Big Bang
  4. July 1, 2007 - Glimpse of Time Before Big Bang Possible
  5. July 2, 2007 - Universe mostly forgets its past during cosmic rebirth
  6. July 3, 2007 - Before Big Bang: Light Shed on "Previous Universe"
  7. July 5, 2007 - Time Before Time
Background


DNA sequencing with nanopores

References:
  1. July 1, 2007 - Discovery Could Help Bring Down Price Of DNA Sequencing
Background, Background



Life sciences


Altruism in chimpanzees

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - 'Altruistic' chimps act for the benefit of others
  2. June 25, 2007 - Chimps Not So Selfish After All
  3. June 25, 2007 - Human-like Altruism Shown In Chimpanzees - also here, here
  4. June 25, 2007 - Is it a chimp-help-chimp world?
Background


Agricultural biotechnology

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - GM Tomato Tastes Better
  2. June 25, 2007 - GM tomato has floral, fruity smell
Background


Nonmonogamy in starlings

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Why Starling Females Cheat
Background


Computational model of protein networks

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Model aids understanding of protein networks
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Researchers May Remake Neanderthal DNA - also here
  2. June 26, 2007 - How to Reconstruct the Neandertal Genome
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Scientists Call For Global Push To Advance Research In Synthetic Biology - also here
  2. June 28, 2007 - Tycoon succeeds in 'genome transplant'
  3. June 28, 2007 - Genome Swap Turns One Microbe into Another
  4. June 28, 2007 - Scientists take step to making synthetic life
  5. June 28, 2007 - Team claims synthetic life feat
  6. June 28, 2007 - Genome transplant makes species switch
  7. June 29, 2007 - Bugs transformed from one into another
  8. June 29, 2007 - First Bacterial Genome Transplantation Changes One Species To Another
  9. June 29, 2007 - Scientists Report DNA Transplant
  10. June 29, 2007 - A new step toward synthetic life
  11. June 30, 2007 - Scientists Swap Genes in Bacteria - also here, here, here, here, here
  12. June 30, 2007 - Switching genomes converts bacteria
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Researchers Track Influence Of Cancer Inhibitor On Single DNA Molecule - also here
  2. June 29, 2007 - Loss Of Cell's 'Antenna' Linked To Cancer's Development - also here
  3. June 29, 2007 - Critical protein prevents DNA damage from persisting through generations
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - New Genetic Marker Characterizes Aggressiveness Of Cancer Cells - also here, here
Background, Background


Disease-related sex differences in brains

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Sex differences in brains reflect disease risks - also here
Background


CD38, metabolic syndrome, and obesity

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Gene Deficiency Is A Protective Barrier To Obesity - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


MicroRNA and flower development

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - How Flowers Form: New Insight - also here, here
Background, Background


Color vision in primates and sexual selection

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Which Came First: Primates' Ability To See Colorful Food Or See Colorful Sex? - also here, here
Background


Glial cells and myelination

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - New Line Of Communication Between Nervous System Cells Discovered - also here, here
Background


Sexual selection in iguanas

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Female Iguanas Pay High Costs To Choose A Mate - also here, here
  2. July 19, 2007 - Mate selection is costly to female iguanas
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Brain scans show meditation changes minds, increases attention
  2. June 29, 2007 - Brain Scans Reveal Why Meditation Works
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Scientists Discover Role Of Enzyme In DNA Repair - also here, here
Background


Modeling evolution of cooperation

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Mathematicians Discover A Simple Way To Formulate Complex Scientific Results
Background, Background


Exercise and neuron growth

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Exercise Grows New Brain Cells
Background


Wnt and cell signal transduction

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - Not A Relay Race, But A Team Game: New Model For Signal Transduction In Cells
Background


Non-coding RNA and gene regulation

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - RNA May Play Larger Role In Cell's Gene Activity, Researchers Find
Background


Evolution of punishment

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - The Roots of Punishment
Background


Evolutionary origins of the hypothalamus

References:
  1. June 30, 2007 - Modern Brains Have An Ancient Core
Background



Health and medicine


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Obese people appear better protected from TB: study
  2. June 25, 2007 - In Silico Cell For TB Drug Discovery
  3. June 26, 2007 - Obesity Associated With A Lower Risk Of Tuberculosis In Older Chinese Population - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Whole grains fight hardening of the arteries
  2. June 26, 2007 - Hormone Therapy: Monkey Studies Parallel Women's Health Initiative Findings, Point To Importance
  3. June 26, 2007 - Kidney, Heart Disease Spur Each Other - also here, here
  4. June 28, 2007 - Proteins' Role In Coronary Heart Disease
  5. June 29, 2007 - Late-starters can benefit from healthy habits: study - also here, here
  6. July 2, 2007 - It's Not Too Late To Change: Lowering Cardiac Risk Later In Life - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Cord blood helped in type 1 diabetes: study
  2. June 25, 2007 - Type 1 Diabetes And Heart Disease: Heavier May Mean Healthier
  3. June 25, 2007 - Capsules Against Diabetes
  4. June 26, 2007 - Cord Blood May Preserve Insulin Levels In Children With Type 1 Diabetes - also here
  5. June 28, 2007 - Excess weight has mixed heart effects in diabetics
  6. June 28, 2007 - Original Human 'Stone Age' Diet Is Good For People With Diabetes, Study Finds
  7. June 29, 2007 - How to stop diabetes wreaking lasting havoc
  8. June 29, 2007 - Sugar Coated Proteins Seal In A Memory Of Diabetes, Research Shows - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Neuroblastoma Expert Reviews Progress And Challenges In Fighting Difficult Pediatric Cancer - also here
  2. June 25, 2007 - Ovarian Cancer Is Not A Symptomless Killer
  3. June 25, 2007 - Pregnancy Nausea and Vomiting May Indicate Lower Risk Of Breast Cancer - also here
  4. June 25, 2007 - Drug Derived From Sea Squirt Shows Potent Anti-tumour Activity
  5. June 25, 2007 - New Adjuvant Treatments For Breast Cancer Prove Cost-effective
  6. June 26, 2007 - Substance In Tree Bark Could Lead To New Lung-cancer Treatment - also here, here
  7. June 26, 2007 - Frog Molecule Could Provide Drug Treatment For Brain Tumors - also here
  8. June 26, 2007 - Defining warning signs for ovarian cancer
  9. June 27, 2007 - Blood type influences lung cancer mortality
  10. June 27, 2007 - Improving The Detection And Treatment Of Esophageal Cancer
  11. June 27, 2007 - Genetic Factor Predicts Prognosis In Brain Tumor Patients - also here, here
  12. June 28, 2007 - Cell 'hair' loss may help cancers spread
  13. June 28, 2007 - Improving Colorectal Cancer Treatment
  14. June 28, 2007 - Predicting Survivability For Cancer Patients - also here
  15. June 29, 2007 - Clodronate does not improve breast cancer survival
  16. June 29, 2007 - Radio Frequency Ablation Vaporizes Inoperable Kidney And Liver Tumors
  17. June 29, 2007 - Researchers Identify Target Of Angiogenesis And Tumor Inhibitor
  18. June 29, 2007 - 'Modular' Leukemia Drug Shows Promise In Early Testing - also here
  19. June 29, 2007 - Breast Cancer Prognosis Runs In The Family - also here
  20. June 30, 2007 - Brain cancer drug hope from frogs
  21. July 1, 2007 - Study Improves Breast Cancer Risk Prediction In Women With Atypia
  22. July 1, 2007 - Cell receptor may lead to new 'biomarker' for pancreatic cancer - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Stem Cells To Repair Damaged Heart Muscle
  2. June 25, 2007 - Stem Cells Enhance Hearing Recovery - also here, here
  3. June 27, 2007 - "Missing link" stem cells may speed race for cures
  4. June 27, 2007 - More Humanlike Mouse Stem Cells Discovered
  5. June 27, 2007 - Rodent Stem Cells With a Human Touch
  6. June 27, 2007 - Transplanting Angina Patients' Stem Cells Shows Safety, Symptom Relief - also here
  7. June 27, 2007 - Scientists identify a mouse embryonic stem cell more like our own - also here
  8. June 27, 2007 - New stem cell could aid research
  9. June 28, 2007 - New mouse stem cell is just like ours
  10. June 28, 2007 - Mice stem cells to accelerate treatments
  11. June 28, 2007 - Scientists: Stem Cells Created From Eggs - also here, here, here, here
  12. July 1, 2007 - Researchers Use Adult Stem Cells To Create Soft Tissue - also here
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Can Blindness Be Prevented Through Diet?
  2. June 25, 2007 - Omega-3 fatty acids protect eyes against retinopathy, study finds
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - New Alzheimer's Drug Begins Clinical Trials - also here
  2. June 27, 2007 - Alzheimer's drug begins human trials
  3. June 28, 2007 - An active brain may help keep Alzheimer's at bay
  4. June 28, 2007 - Frequent Brain Stimulation In Old Age Reduces Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  5. June 29, 2007 - Cloned Pigs Help Scientists Towards A Breakthrough In Alzheimer's
  6. June 29, 2007 - Prions key in Alzheimer's disease
  7. June 30, 2007 - Newfound Mechanisms May Unlock Answers To Alzheimer's Disease
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. June 25, 2007 - Staph Superbug May Be Infecting Patients - also here, here
  2. June 26, 2007 - Superbug infections on the rise, report finds
Background


Artificial skin

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Artificial skin may reduce need for grafts
  2. June 26, 2007 - Intercytex artificial skin heals wounds in tests
  3. June 26, 2007 - Artificial skin 'cuts scarring'
  4. June 27, 2007 - Creation of living skin lifts cell therapy firm
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Theory of how HIV attacks is wrong: study
  2. June 27, 2007 - FDA grants speedy review for new class of HIV drug
  3. June 27, 2007 - We've got it wrong about HIV
  4. June 28, 2007 - Designer Enzyme Cuts HIV Out of Infected Cells
  5. June 28, 2007 - Potential cure for HIV discovered - also here
  6. June 28, 2007 - Researchers develop new method for screening drug-resistant forms of HIV - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - FDA clears rapid blood test for malaria
  2. June 27, 2007 - FDA approves quick malaria test
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 26, 2007 - Gene Therapy Awakens The Brain Despite Blindness From Birth - also here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Nanoparticles Carry Chemotherapy Drug Deeper Into Solid Tumors - also here, here
  2. June 28, 2007 - Blood cells can raft nanoparticles around the body
  3. June 28, 2007 - Nanoparticles Hitchhike On Red Blood Cells: A Potential New Method For Drug Delivery - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Potentially lethal H5N1 bird flu resurfaces in Europe
  2. June 27, 2007 - UN Finds Progress in Tackling Bird Flu - also here
  3. June 27, 2007 - Czechs report bird flu in poultry at second farm
  4. June 28, 2007 - Czech, German bird flu have same origin-Germany
Background


Autism

References:
  1. June 27, 2007 - Scientists eye an enzyme as target in fighting autism
  2. June 27, 2007 - Autism symptoms reversed in lab
  3. June 29, 2007 - Autism cause partially reversed in mice
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - 'CARS' Imaging Reveals Clues To Myelin Damage - also here, here
  2. June 28, 2007 - New imaging technique could promote early detection of multiple sclerosis - also here
  3. June 29, 2007 - Men And Women Equally Transmit Genetic Risk Of Multiple Sclerosis To Their Children - also here, here
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Sperm Abnormalities Seen In Male Lupus Patients
Background


Absorption of antioxidants from food

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Not All Antioxidants Are Created Equal
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Early environmental exposure may accelerate age-related neurodegeneration
  2. June 29, 2007 - Exposure To Environmental Toxics Accelerates Age-related Parkinson's Disease In Mice
Background


Health benefits of meditation

References:
  1. June 28, 2007 - Therapeutic value of meditation unproven, says study - also here
Background


Mathematics and cancer

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - Curing Cancer With Mathematics?
Background, Background


Benefits of calcium from food vs. supplements

References:
  1. June 29, 2007 - New Study Finds Food Trumps Pills for Calcium - also here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved