Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 6, Number 28
July 9, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Axions
Global warming
Carbon nanotubes
Star formation
High-energy cosmic rays
Quantum teleportation
Acoustic plasmons
Nanotechnology
Water on Mars
Hydrogen storage
Superconductivity
Bose-Einstein condensates
Robotics
Photonic crystals

Life sciences

High glycemic index food and memory
DNA protection in B lymphocytes
European hominin
Sperm cloning
Rodent generosity
Chromatin-based code for stem cells
Expanding the genetic code in mammalian cells
Deduction of enzyme function from form
Cancer biology
Iron metabolism in cells
Orang-utan problem solving
Visual perception of moving objects
Evolution of cooperation
Sea anemone genome
Exobiology
Connection between depression and dentate gyrus
DNA replication
Brain-imaging studies
Autism

Health and medicine

Fat, neuropeptide Y, and metabolic syndrome
Cardiovascular disease
Diet comparison
Multiple sclerosis
Antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus
Cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Amnesia drug
Tuberculosis
Stem cells
Hepatitis C
Diabetes
Prions
Parkinson's disease
Anti-obesity drugs
Tomato flavonoids
AIDS
Lung capacity, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease
Carbon nanotube drug delivery for cancer
Stem cell drug delivery for cancer
Avian flu
Bipolar disorder
Chronic sleep loss
Fat absorption
Exercise and inflammation
Cancer vaccines
Clostridium difficile



Physical sciences and technology


Axions

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Axions ruled out by PVLAS
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Study: Northern Canada ponds drying up - also here
  2. July 2, 2007 - Ancient Arctic ponds drying up as climate warms
  3. July 3, 2007 - Ancient Arctic ponds dry up as ice leaves earlier
  4. July 4, 2007 - Ancient Arctic ponds drying up: study
  5. July 4, 2007 - Global Warming Is Evaporating Arctic Ponds, New Study Shows - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Carbon nanotubes endure heavy wear and tear
  2. July 3, 2007 - Researchers Hope to Unlock Capabilities of Carbon Nanotubes
  3. July 4, 2007 - Carbon Nanotubes Hold Potential For Synthetic Tissue, Muscles
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Stellar fireworks light up dwarf galaxy
Background


High-energy cosmic rays

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - A Comedown for Cosmic Rays
Background


Quantum teleportation

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Teleportation method proposed by Australian scientists
Background


Acoustic plasmons

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Researchers prove existence of new type of electron wave - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Remotely Controlled Nanomachines - also here
  2. July 8, 2007 - Nano Wagon Wheels - also here
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - More doubt cast on warm, wet early Mars
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Magic cluster rules for hydrogen storage
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Are Doubly Charged Particles Lurking in High-T Superconductors?
  2. July 6, 2007 - Illuminating a Second 'Kink' in High-Tc Superconductors
  3. July 6, 2007 - The new 'look' of superconductivity - also here, here
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Italian scientists build atomic laser
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Eurobot makes a splash
Background


Photonic crystals

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - A Simple Magnet Can Control The Color Of A Liquid, Making New Technologies Possible - also here
  2. July 13, 2007 - Chameleon for Optoelectronics
Background



Life sciences


High glycemic index food and memory

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Sugary breakfast cereals may boost memory
Background


DNA protection in B lymphocytes

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Critical Protein Prevents DNA Damage From Persisting Through Generations
Background, Background


European hominin

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Fossil Tooth Belonged to Earliest Western European, Experts Say
Background


Sperm cloning

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Mice born from cloned sperm
Background


Rodent generosity

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Generosity among rats
  2. July 5, 2007 - Lending an Anonymous Paw
  3. July 5, 2007 - Altruistic Rats: First Evidence For Generalized Reciprocal Cooperation In Non-humans
  4. July 6, 2007 - Rats influenced by the kindness of strangers
Background


Chromatin-based code for stem cells

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - New Method For Reading DNA Sheds Light On How Cells Define Themselves
Background, Background


Expanding the genetic code in mammalian cells

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Doing Nature One Better: Expanding The Genetic Code In Living Mammalian Cells
Background


Deduction of enzyme function from form

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Translating Form Into Function
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Bacterial Pathogen May Be Key To Understanding Cancer Development
  2. July 6, 2007 - Why Liver Cancer Is More Prevalent In Males Than In Females
Background


Iron metabolism in cells

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - How Dietary Iron Is Used By Cells
Background


Orang-utan problem solving

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Spitting orang-utans solve nutty problem
  2. July 4, 2007 - Smart apes spit
Background


Visual perception of moving objects

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Understanding Smooth Eye Pursuit: The Incredible Targeting System Of Human Vision
Background


Evolution of cooperation

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Cheating Has Long-term Consequences In Evolution Of Cooperation - also here
Background


Sea anemone genome

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Surprises in sea anemone genome
  2. July 6, 2007 - Sea Anemone Genome Provides New View Of Our Multi-celled Ancestors
Background, Background


Exobiology

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Look for life not as we know it, U.S. report urges
  2. July 6, 2007 - Scientists: Watch for Weird Life From Beyond
  3. July 8, 2007 - Life Elsewhere In Solar System Could Be Different From Life As We Know It - also here, here
Background


Connection between depression and dentate gyrus

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Brain Pathway May Underlie Depression
  2. July 6, 2007 - Brain Pathway Of Depression In Rats Discovered
Background


DNA replication

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Enzyme Critical In DNA Replication Identified
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - How Pain Distracts The Brain
Background


Autism

References:
  1. July 7, 2007 - Hidden Smarts: Abstract thought trumps IQ scores in autism
Background



Health and medicine


Fat, neuropeptide Y, and metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. July 1, 2007 - How we can stop stress from making us obese
  2. July 2, 2007 - Scientists Discover Key To Manipulating Fat; Pathway Also Explains Stress-induced Weight Gain
  3. July 2, 2007 - Stress can be fattening, study finds - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Obesity link to high blood pressure has weakened
  2. July 2, 2007 - Obesity drug has little effect on heart in teens
  3. July 2, 2007 - Blood pressure drugs may keep arteries clean: study
  4. July 3, 2007 - Eye checks urged for signs of later heart disease
  5. July 3, 2007 - Daily morsel of dark chocolate cuts blood pressure
  6. July 3, 2007 - Study: Chocolate reduces blood pressure - also here, here
  7. July 4, 2007 - A statin soon after a heart attack beneficial: study
  8. July 5, 2007 - Consumption Of Small Amounts Of Dark Chocolate Associated With Reduction In Blood Pressure
  9. July 6, 2007 - Faulty Cell Membrane Repair Causes Heart Disease - also here
  10. July 6, 2007 - Specific Type Of Cell Death May Accelerate Decompensated Heart Failure - also here
Background


Diet comparison

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Many diets work about the same, U.S. study finds
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Clue seen to why MS disability worse for blacks
  2. July 4, 2007 - Antibody Linked To MS Significantly Higher In Spinal Fluid Of Blacks - also here
  3. July 4, 2007 - New Clue Why MS Affects African Americans Differently Than Caucasians
Background


Antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Superbug Antibiotic Defence Uncovered
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Ablation Procedure Proves Safe, Effective And Fast
  2. July 2, 2007 - Research team identifies new oncogene for brain cancer - also here
  3. July 3, 2007 - Researchers To Improve Prostate Cancer Diagnostic Methods
  4. July 3, 2007 - New Cancer Treatment Adds To Survival Rates In Lung Cancer Patients
  5. July 4, 2007 - Computerized Cervical Cancer Test Increases Detection Rate Of Abnormal Cells
  6. July 4, 2007 - Researchers Discover Method For Identifying How Cancer Evades The Immune System - also here
  7. July 4, 2007 - Endometriosis Increases The Risk Of Certain Cancers - also here
  8. July 5, 2007 - Researchers Identify Genetic Mutation That May Alter Tumor Cell Proliferation
  9. July 5, 2007 - Harnessing The Power Of The Immune System To Fight Cancer - also here
  10. July 5, 2007 - Link between immune system and mammary gland could shed new light on breast cancer - also here
  11. July 6, 2007 - Mutations In Tumor Suppressor Gene And Inflammation Trigger Skin Cancer
  12. July 6, 2007 - Scientists Work To Develop Simple Bladder Cancer Test - also here
  13. July 6, 2007 - Biomedical Engineers Use Electric Pulses To Destroy Cancer Cells - also here
  14. July 6, 2007 - Gene Variations Directly Link Inflammation To An Increased Risk For Lung Cancer
  15. July 7, 2007 - Cancer-killing virus fights liver tumors
  16. July 7, 2007 - Skin Rash Actually Signifies Better Outcomes For Pancreatic And Lung Cancer Patients
  17. July 7, 2007 - Skin cells 'fight child cancer'
  18. July 8, 2007 - Cancer-fighting Virus Shows Promise In Early Clinical Trial - also here
  19. July 8, 2007 - Discovery about obesity drug helping scientists develop new cancer treatments - also here, here
  20. July 8, 2007 - Scientists report major advance in search for genes associated with colon cancer - also here
  21. July 8, 2007 - Hormone inhibitor promising for hard-to-treat prostate cancer - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - Poor sense of smell may be Alzheimer's - also here, here, here, here
  2. July 4, 2007 - Difficulty Identifying Odors May Predict Cognitive Decline
  3. July 4, 2007 - Loss of scent sense linked to Alzheimer's
  4. July 6, 2007 - Alzheimer's Prevention Role Discovered For Prions - also here
  5. July 6, 2007 - New risk factors discovered for Alzheimer's disease
Background


Amnesia drug

References:
  1. July 2, 2007 - New Drug Deletes Bad Memories
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. July 3, 2007 - Structure of TB enzyme points the way to new drugs: study
  2. July 6, 2007 - TB diagnosis change causes confusion
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Stem cells toughen up fetus's brittle bones
  2. July 5, 2007 - Less plasticity in adult stem cells
  3. July 5, 2007 - Engineered Blood Vessels Function like Native Tissue - also here, here
  4. July 7, 2007 - Stem Cell Procedure Successfully Treats Amyloidosis Patients
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Numerous Factors Affect Success Of Interferon Treatment For Hepatitis C
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Early Indicator Of Kidney Disease May Also Predict Risk Of Pre-diabetes - also here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Manganese Levels Increase In Scrapie-infected Sheep Before Clinical Symptoms Develop
  2. July 6, 2007 - Prion Propagates In Foreign Host - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Lab tests throw up new path for Parkinson's
  2. July 5, 2007 - Is Treating Parkinson's Possible With New Neurotrophic Factor? - also here, here
  3. July 5, 2007 - Tracing Parkinson's lethal mechanism - also here
Background


Anti-obesity drugs

References:
  1. July 4, 2007 - Anti-obesity Drug May Prevent And Treat Obesity-related Liver Disease
Background


Tomato flavonoids

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Organic tomatoes have more antioxidants
  2. July 5, 2007 - Organic food 'better' for heart
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Second-Generation HIV Drug Treats Resistant Virus
  2. July 5, 2007 - New drug combo helps HIV patients with few options
  3. July 6, 2007 - Supercomputer predicts HIV's stealthy moves
  4. July 8, 2007 - Novel Genetics Research Advances Possibility Of HIV Vaccine
Background


Lung capacity, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Reduced Lung Capacity Linked To Cardiovascular Disease By Inflammation
Background, Background


Carbon nanotube drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - New 'Longboat Delivery System' Could Mean More Potent Anti-cancer Drugs
Background, Background, Background


Stem cell drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Turning Stem Cells Taken From Fat Tissue Into Personalized, Cancer-targeted Therapeutics - also here
Background, Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 5, 2007 - Bird flu outbreak confirmed in France
  2. July 5, 2007 - French swans test positive for bird flu - also here
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - New candidate drug for bipolar disorder
Background


Chronic sleep loss

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Chronically Sleep Deprived? You Can't Make Up For Lost Sleep
  2. July 6, 2007 - Chronic Insomnia Can Lead To Anxiety And Depression, Study Suggests
Background


Fat absorption

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Protein's Role In Lipid Absorption May Be Important To Future Weight-loss Strategies - also here
Background


Exercise and inflammation

References:
  1. July 6, 2007 - Research suggests fitness reduces inflammation - also here, here
Background, Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. July 7, 2007 - Rethinking Therapeutic Cancer Vaccine Trials
Background, Background


Clostridium difficile

References:
  1. July 7, 2007 - Waging War On The Deadliest Superbug
Background, Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved