Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 6, Number 34
August 20, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Carbon nanotubes
Plate tectonics
Global warming
Bose-Einstein condensates
Petascale computing systems
Quantum dynamics
Nanotechnology
Intersteller organic chemistry
Hot young stars
Earthquakes
Star tails
Magellanic Clouds
TeraGrid
Ocean currents and climate
Quantum computing
Dark matter in galaxy cluster collisions
Colossal magnetoresistance
Earth's core
Big bang

Life sciences

Gene regulation and human-chimpanzee differences
Gene regulation and evolution
Thyroid hormones and sleep regulation
Brain networks for walking
Alternative splicing
Inflammation and ubiquitination
Cancer biology
Appetite control hormone
Virus replication
Evolution and canalization
Brain-imaging studies
Evolution and learning
Quantitative perception in monkeys
T cells
Wnt, stem cells, and aging of muscles
Meiosis
Evolution of limbs
MHC genes and mate selection
Protein evolution
Erasure of long-term memory
Crow intelligence
Fat metabolism and sirtuin proteins
Neanderthals
Neutrophils
Synthesis of novel enzymes
Introspection and metacognition
Emotional memory and forgetting
Nicotinic receptors and addiction
Cooperative breeding in birds
SNP analysis
Long-term memory
Osteichthye origins
DNA replication
Rate of bacterial mutation
Synthetic biology

Health and medicine

Avian flu
Allergies and the placebo effect
Cardiovascular disease
Multiple sclerosis vaccine
Cancer
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Sepsis
Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's disease
Cancer and stem cells
AIDS
Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer
Autism
Gene therapy
Diabetes
Diabetes and cardiovascular disease
RNA disease
Antidepressant effects of omega-3 fatty acids
Lupus
HDL cholesterol
Inhaled vaccine for anthrax
Mathematical approach to disease clusters
Prions
Control of excessive immune response
Stress and inflammation
Nanoparticle drug delivery
Antioxidants



Physical sciences and technology


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - New Battery Resembles Paper
  2. August 13, 2007 - Paper battery offers future power
  3. August 13, 2007 - Researchers Develop Bendable Battery
  4. August 13, 2007 - Paper holds the power
  5. August 14, 2007 - Nanotubes turn paper into a power source
  6. August 14, 2007 - Honey, I shrunk the battery
  7. August 14, 2007 - Nanotubes guide phonons with ease
  8. August 15, 2007 - Bendable Batteries: Storing Power In A Piece Of Paper - also here, here
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Keeping The Earth's Tectonic Plates Oiled - also here
  2. August 14, 2007 - Tectonic Plates Act Like Variable Thermostat - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Climate Change And Permafrost Thaw Alter Greenhouse Gas Emissions In Northern Wetlands - also here, here
  2. August 13, 2007 - Arctic sea ice set to hit new low
  3. August 14, 2007 - 'Cool farms' mask the extent of global warming
  4. August 14, 2007 - Man to warm planet despite natural coolers
  5. August 15, 2007 - Earth records 7th warmest July on record
  6. August 16, 2007 - Arctic sea ice expected to hit record low
  7. August 17, 2007 - Record Low Arctic Sea Ice Predicted For 2007 - also here, here
  8. August 18, 2007 - Loss of Arctic ice "disturbing" trend
  9. August 20, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Shrinks to Record Low - also here, here, here, here
  10. August 20, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Extent Hits Record Low
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Quantum Ferrofluid: A Bose-Einstein Condensate of Tiny Magnets
Background


Petascale computing systems

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - National Science Board Approves Funds For Petascale Computing Systems
Background


Quantum dynamics

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Quantum Analog Of Ulam's Conjecture Can Guide Molecules, Reactions - also here, here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Next up: 'The Nano Lisa'
  2. August 17, 2007 - Researchers develop method for mass production of nanogap electrodes - also here, here
Background


Intersteller organic chemistry

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Researcher Presents Origin-Of-Life Theory for Young Earth
Background


Hot young stars

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Puzzle of Hot Young Stars Solved
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Talc softens earthquake chafing
  2. August 15, 2007 - Killer Quakes Kept in Check by Talc
  3. August 16, 2007 - Scientists find clue to 'creeping' along San Andreas Fault - talc
  4. August 16, 2007 - Talc may explain fault's slow creep
  5. August 16, 2007 - Earthquakes can move faster than thought: study
  6. August 16, 2007 - Talc keeps killer quakes at bay - also here
  7. August 17, 2007 - For earthquakes 'speed kills' - also here
  8. August 20, 2007 - Speedy Earthquake Rides "Sonic Boom"
Background


Star tails

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Speeding-Bullet Star Leaves Enormous Streak Across Sky - also here, here
  2. August 15, 2007 - Bizarre comet-like tail found behind star
  3. August 15, 2007 - Shooting Bullet Star Leaves Vast Ultraviolet Wake
  4. August 15, 2007 - Speeding-Bullet Star Leaves Enormous Streak Across Sky
  5. August 15, 2007 - Mira's Marvelous Tail
  6. August 15, 2007 - Long-Studied Giant Star Displays Huge Cometlike Tail
  7. August 15, 2007 - The Star That Thinks It's a Comet
  8. August 15, 2007 - A star with a tail
  9. August 15, 2007 - Astronomers surprised by star with comet-like tail
  10. August 15, 2007 - Star has comet-like tail
  11. August 15, 2007 - Comet-like Tail Discovered Behind Speeding Star
  12. August 15, 2007 - Colossal tail trails dying star
  13. August 15, 2007 - Odd Star Sheds Cometlike Tail
  14. August 16, 2007 - Speeding Star: Johnny Appleseed Of The Cosmos
  15. August 16, 2007 - Giant star Mira leaves gifts
  16. August 16, 2007 - Star Mira's comet-like tail stuns scientists
  17. August 16, 2007 - Discovery of Vast Tail on Dying Star Promises Clues to Solar Birth
  18. August 16, 2007 - Streaking star leaves sweeping tail in its wake
  19. August 16, 2007 - Bizarre star with tail in whale
Background


Magellanic Clouds

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Magellanic clouds 'just visiting'
Background


TeraGrid

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - NCAR Adds Resources To TeraGrid - also here, here
Background


Ocean currents and climate

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Could Ocean Currents Change?
  2. August 16, 2007 - Missing Deep Ocean Current 'Supergyre' Identified: Important In Climate Regulation - also here
  3. August 16, 2007 - Fickle ocean current foils climate modellers
  4. August 16, 2007 - Capturing the Atlantic's Capricious Currents
  5. August 16, 2007 - Scientists track climate-driving Atlantic current
  6. August 16, 2007 - Atlantic yields climate secrets
  7. August 17, 2007 - Data on Atlantic flow are undercut
  8. August 17, 2007 - Gulf Stream slowing may be normal variation
Background, Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Ultrafast quantum computer uses optically controlled electrons
  2. August 17, 2007 - Computing Breakthrough Could Elevate Security To Unprecedented Levels - also here, here
Background


Dark matter in galaxy cluster collisions

References:
  1. August 16, 2011 - Abell 520: Dark Matter Mystery Deepens in Cosmic "Train Wreck"
  2. August 16, 2007 - Dark Matter Mystery Deepens In Cosmic 'Train Wreck' - also here, here, here
  3. August 16, 2007 - Cosmic 'train wreck' defies dark matter theories
  4. August 17, 2007 - 'Cosmic train wreck' stumps dark-matter physicists
  5. August 17, 2007 - Galactic Collision Challenges Dark Matter Theories
  6. August 17, 2007 - New Mystery of Invisible Matter Generated by Cosmic Collision
  7. August 22, 2007 - "Cosmic Train Wreck" May Derail Theories of Dark Matter
  8. August 25, 2007 - Separation Anxiety: Cosmic collision may shed light on dark matter
Technical papers:
  1. A Dark Core in Abell 520
Background


Colossal magnetoresistance

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - New Clues to Mechanism for Colossal Mangetoresistance - also here
  2. August 27, 2007 - Polaron melting heralds colossal resistance
Background


Earth's core

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - All change at the Earth's core - also here, here
Background


Big bang

References:
  1. August 19, 2007 - How the big bang chilled out
Background, Background



Life sciences


Gene regulation and human-chimpanzee differences

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Gene Regulation, Not Just Genes, Is What Sets Humans Apart - also here
  2. August 13, 2007 - The 1% Solution
Background Background


Gene regulation and evolution

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Evolution Is Driven By Gene Regulation - also here
Background, Background


Thyroid hormones and sleep regulation

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - What Is The Role Of Thyroid Hormones In Sleep Regulation? - also here, here
Background


Brain networks for walking

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Independent Brain Networks Control Human Walking
Background


Alternative splicing

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Unravelling New Complexity In The Genome - also here, here
Background


Inflammation and ubiquitination

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - How Key Protein Stops Inflammation - also here
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Can We Stop Cancer Cells From Reading Their Own DNA?
  2. August 16, 2007 - Gene Found That Suppresses Human Tumor Growth In Multiple Cancers
  3. August 17, 2007 - Tumors use enzyme to recruit regulatory T-cells and suppress immune response - also here, here
  4. August 19, 2007 - Protein 'Chatter' Linked To Cancer Activation - also here, here
Background


Appetite control hormone

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - What Controls How Much We Eat?
Background


Virus replication

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Features of replication suggest viruses have common themes, vulnerabilities - also here
  2. August 16, 2007 - Researchers discover new mechanism for viral replication - also here
Background


Evolution and canalization

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Clones on task serve greater good, evolutionary study shows - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Researchers find brain's 'ordering centre'
  2. August 15, 2007 - Clinical Depression Linked To Abnormal Emotional Brain Circuits - also here, here
  3. August 17, 2007 - Brain imaging reveals breakdown of normal emotional processing - also here, here
Background


Evolution and learning

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Birds learn to fly with a little help from their ancestors - also here, here
  2. August 15, 2007 - Birds' memories help them learn to fly
Background


Quantitative perception in monkeys

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Monkeys learn to do arithmetic for peanuts
Background


T cells

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Pro-death Proteins Required To Regulate Healthy Immune Function, Study Finds - also here
Background


Wnt, stem cells, and aging of muscles

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Why Aging Muscles Heal Poorly - also here
Background, Background


Meiosis

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - A Unique Arrangement For Egg Cell Division - also here, here
Background


Evolution of limbs

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Conquest Of Land Began In Shark Genome - also here
Background, Background


MHC genes and mate selection

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Adaptation to parasites drive African fishes along different evolutionary paths
Background


Protein evolution

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Randomness was crucial to ancient genetic changes
  2. August 16, 2007 - Scientists re-trace evolution with first atomic structure of an ancient protein - also here, here, here
  3. August 17, 2007 - Structure of 450 million year old protein reveals evolution's steps
  4. August 17, 2007 - Study maps evolution's tiny steps
Background, Background


Erasure of long-term memory

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Erasing memory in rats gives dementia patients hope
  2. August 16, 2007 - Long-term memory gets wiped
Background


Crow intelligence

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Crows wield tools with human-like skill
  2. August 16, 2007 - Crows Display Incredible Common Sense
  3. August 20, 2007 - New Caledonian Crows Find Two Tools Better Than One
Background


Fat metabolism and sirtuin proteins

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - How Fat Is Produced And Stored: Sirtuin Protein Instrumental In Fat Production And Metabolism - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Why Humans Look Different From Neanderthals
Background


Neutrophils

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Bursts Of Waves Drive Immune System 'Soldiers' Toward Invaders
Background


Synthesis of novel enzymes

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - New Way To Identify, Evolve Novel Enzymes - also here
Background


Introspection and metacognition

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Toddlers Are Capable Of Introspection - also here, here
Background


Emotional memory and forgetting

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - The Memories You Want To Forget Are The Hardest Ones To Lose - also here
Background, Background


Nicotinic receptors and addiction

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Nicotinic receptors may be important targets for treatment of multiple addictions - also here, here
Background


Cooperative breeding in birds

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Mother's little helpers - also here
  2. August 16, 2007 - Wrens With Little Help Lay Larger Eggs - also here, here, here
  3. August 16, 2007 - Bird Nannies Give Mom a Break
  4. August 17, 2007 - Uncertainty drives the evolution of 'cooperative breeding' in birds
  5. August 17, 2007 - Uncertain rainy days make birds turn to family, study finds
  6. August 17, 2007 - Savanna habitat drives birds, and perhaps others, to cooperative breeding - also here, here
Background


SNP analysis

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Genetic phonetics could be the trick to sounding out DNA's meaning - also here
Background


Long-term memory

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - "Continuous Motor" Underlies Long-Term Memory Storage
  2. August 17, 2007 - Process For Storing And Erasing Long-term Memories Discovered - also here
Background


Osteichthye origins

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - Fossil Fish Jaws Give Information On Our Own Remote Ancestors
Background


DNA replication

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - DNA Replication Behavior In Complex Organisms May Foreshadow Leaps In Genomic Discoveries - also here, here
Background


Rate of bacterial mutation

References:
  1. August 19, 2007 - Bacteria Mutate Much More Than Previously Thought
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. August 19, 2007 - Artificial life likely in 3 to 10 years - also here, here, here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Indonesian woman in Bali may have died from bird flu
  2. August 13, 2007 - Indonesian woman from Bali died of bird flu-official
  3. August 13, 2007 - Indonesian woman is first bird flu death on Bali
  4. August 14, 2007 - Four ducks found with H5N1 bird flu virus in France
  5. August 16, 2007 - New target for anti-flu drug development - also here
  6. August 17, 2007 - Glaxo bird flu vaccine can be stretched: study
Background


Allergies and the placebo effect

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Placebo effect seen in kids during allergy testing
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Tape measure, not scale, key to knowing heart risk
  2. August 13, 2007 - Pot belly linked to heart disease
  3. August 14, 2007 - Gender Differences Found In Renal And Other Genes Contributing To Blood Pressure - also here
  4. August 14, 2007 - Grapes, Soy And Kudzu Blunt Some Menopausal Side Effects
  5. August 14, 2007 - Even low levels of weekly exercise drive down blood pressure
  6. August 15, 2007 - Use Of Certain Lipid Measures Not More Effective In Predicting Coronary Heart Disease - also here, here
  7. August 15, 2007 - Waist-to-hip Ratio May Better Predict Cardiovascular Risk Than Body Mass Index - also here
  8. August 16, 2007 - Too much exercise may speed heart failure
  9. August 16, 2007 - Cardio Exercise Benefits In Male Vs. Female Hearts - also here
  10. August 16, 2007 - Air Pollution Linked To Cardiovascular Risk Indices In Healthy Young Adults - also here, here
  11. August 16, 2007 - High Blood Pressure, Low Energy -- A Recipe For Heart Failure - also here
  12. August 16, 2007 - Understanding hypertension in African Americans proves elusive - also here
  13. August 17, 2007 - Whole grains may lower odds of high blood pressure
  14. August 17, 2007 - Heavy drinking raises risk of stroke - Study - also here
  15. August 17, 2007 - Specific antagonism lowers blood pressure - also here
  16. August 19, 2007 - Antioxidants Show No Clear Benefit Against Cardiovascular Events, Death In High-risk Women - also here, here
Background


Multiple sclerosis vaccine

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - New vaccine may help MS patients, study finds
  2. August 13, 2007 - MS vaccine handed safety boost
  3. August 14, 2007 - DNA Vaccine Against Multiple Sclerosis Appears Safe, Potentially Beneficial - also here, here
  4. August 14, 2007 - First human trial of DNA-based vaccine cheers MS researchers
  5. August 18, 2007 - Calming Factor: DNA vaccine for MS passes initial test
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Survival of second testicular cancer not lower
  2. August 13, 2007 - New Cause Of Tamoxifen Resistance In Breast Cancer Cells Discovered - also here
  3. August 13, 2007 - New cause of Tamoxifen resistance is found
  4. August 13, 2007 - Physicians Test New Device For Diagnosing And Treating Prostate Cancer
  5. August 13, 2007 - Prostate Cancer Survival In Most Asian Men Better Than Predicted Using Conventional Prognosis Factors
  6. August 13, 2007 - Survival Differences By Race Most Apparent In Advanced Stages Of Breast Cancer - also here
  7. August 14, 2007 - Decline in U.S. Breast Cancers Tied to Drop in Hormone Use
  8. August 15, 2007 - 'Western' Diet Linked To Increased Risk Of Colon Cancer Recurrence - also here
  9. August 15, 2007 - Diet high in meat, fat and refined grains linked to risk for colon cancer recurrence, death
  10. August 15, 2007 - Diabetes Drug Kills Some Cancer Cells - also here, here
  11. August 15, 2007 - Immune deficiency linked to a type of eye cancer
  12. August 15, 2007 - Study ties colon cancer's return to diet
  13. August 15, 2007 - Researchers link gestational diabetes to cancer
  14. August 16, 2007 - Low Levels Of Key Protein May Indicate Pancreatic Cancer Risk - also here, here
  15. August 16, 2007 - Reactivating A Critical Gene Lost In Kidney Cancer Reduces Tumor Growth
  16. August 16, 2007 - Diabetes During Pregnancy Linked To Pancreatic Cancer Later - also here, here
  17. August 16, 2007 - Obesity and lack of exercise could enhance the risk of pancreatic cancer
  18. August 17, 2007 - First Biomarker Discovered That Predicts Prostate Cancer Outcome - also here, here
  19. August 17, 2007 - Molecular Mechanisms In Multiple Myeloma Illluminated: Could Lead To More Effective Therapies
  20. August 17, 2007 - Can cancer drugs combine forces? - also here, here
  21. August 17, 2007 - Prophylactic cranial irradiation in small cell lung cancer significantly increases survival - also here
  22. August 17, 2007 - A new radiation therapy treatment developed for head and neck cancer patients
  23. August 17, 2007 - Breast cancer vaccine looks safe, study shows
  24. August 18, 2007 - Breast Cancer: Unlocking Mechanisms That Silence Estrogen Receptor Gene Alpha - also here, here
  25. August 19, 2007 - Obesity 'affects prostate risk'
  26. August 19, 2007 - Compounds that color fruits and veggies may protect against colon cancer
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Omega-3 Fatty Acids: A Way To Improve Heart Health
Background, Background


Sepsis

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Study begins to reveal clues to the cause and progression of sepsis - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 13, 2007 - Draining Away Brain's Toxic Protein To Stop Alzheimer's - also here
  2. August 16, 2007 - Blood-clotting protein may be new target for Alzheimer's drugs
  3. August 17, 2007 - Effectiveness Of Mouse Breeds That Mimic Alzheimer's Disease Symptoms Questioned - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Fingering the Neural Perp in Parkinson's
  2. August 14, 2007 - Loss Of Two Types Of Neurons Triggers Parkinson's Symptoms, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Cancer and stem cells

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Newly Created Cancer Stem Cells Could Aid Breast Cancer Research - also here
  2. August 14, 2007 - Team finds way to create cancer stem cells
  3. August 17, 2007 - Stem Cell Subtypes Discovered: Could Lead To Improved Leukemia Treatments
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - FDA OKs 50th & 51st anti-retroviral drugs
  2. August 15, 2007 - HIV triggers the 'opposite of cancer' in the brain
  3. August 16, 2007 - AIDS Interferes With Stem Cells In The Brain
  4. August 16, 2007 - HIV is a 'double hit' to the brain - also here
  5. August 17, 2007 - HIV stops new brain cells from growing
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. August 14, 2007 - Promising New Nanomedical Cancer Therapy Also Highlights Tech Transfer, Inventor Says
Background, Background, Background


Autism

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Empathy makes you 'catch' a yawn
  2. August 15, 2007 - Autistic kids don't catch yawns
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Synthetic Viruses Aiming At Cancer Cells
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Mitochondrial DNA Variants Are Linked To Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes - also here
  2. August 19, 2007 - Markers That May Predict Diabetes In Still-healthy People Identified - also here, here, here
Background


Diabetes and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - Diabetes Appears To Increase Risk Of Death For Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes - also here
  2. August 16, 2007 - Gender, Coupled With Diabetes, Affects Vascular Disease Development - also here
  3. August 16, 2007 - Abnormal Fat Metabolism Underlies Heart Problems In Diabetic Patients - also here
Background, Background


RNA disease

References:
  1. August 15, 2007 - A new RNA disease?
Background


Antidepressant effects of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Review backs antidepressant effects of omega-3s
Background, Background


Lupus

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Preclinical Study Suggests Organ-transplant Drug May Aid In Lupus Fight - also here
Background


HDL cholesterol

References:
  1. August 16, 2007 - Dominant Cholesterol-metabolism Ideas Challenged By New Research - also here, here
  2. August 16, 2007 - Review Suggests Caution On Drugs To Raise 'Good' Cholesterol - also here
  3. August 19, 2007 - Ability to cope with stress can increase 'good' cholesterol in older white men - also here, here
Background


Inhaled vaccine for anthrax

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - Vaccine breakthrough in war against anthrax
  2. August 17, 2007 - Experimental anthrax vaccine is needle-free
  3. August 17, 2007 - Easy-to-use Anthrax Vaccine Produces Immunity With Nanoparticles, Not Needles - also here, here
Background, Background


Mathematical approach to disease clusters

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - Formula To Gauge Risk Of Disease Clusters Developed
Background


Prions

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - Newly Discovered Prion Protein May Offer Insight Into Mad Cow Disease - also here, here, here
  2. August 26, 2007 - 'Shadoo' prion sheds light on BSE
Background


Control of excessive immune response

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - Key To Out-of-control Immune Response In Lung Injury Found - also here, here
Background, Background


Stress and inflammation

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - New research shows how chronic stress worsens neurodegenerative disease course - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery

References:
  1. August 17, 2007 - New nanotoxicology study delivers promising results - also here, here
Background, Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. August 19, 2007 - Chemists discover new way antioxidants fight debilitating diseases
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved