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Volume 6, Number 35
August 27, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Neutron stars
Neutrinos
Quark stars
Global warming
Hydrogen production
Nanotechnology
Lab on a chip
Quantum computing
Solar cells
Spintronics
Quantum vs. classical behavior
Carbon nanotubes
Counting photons
Silicon lasers
Hydrogen storage and transport
Empty space
North Atlantic ocean current
Fuel cells
James Webb Space Telescope
Quantum superposition of light
Failure of modified gravity

Life sciences

Bimaternal mice
DNA repair
Brain-imaging studies
Genes and gender
Memory formation
Axons
Cancer biology
Neural basis of edge induction
Archaea
Oxytocin
Embryonic development and stem cells
Epigenetics, imprinting, and methylation
Systems biology
Light-sensing bacteria
Folate production
Artificial transcriptional activators
Glutamate and glutamate receptors
P53, microRNA, and cancer
Longevity genes
Caloric restriction
Cooperation in bacteria
Kinase mediated phosphorylation
Proteomics

Health and medicine

Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Obesity
Oral antisense drug for myasthenia gravis
Stem cells
Avian flu
Diabetes
Antibiotics
West Nile virus
Antioxidants
Regeneration of brain cells
AIDS
Nanoparticle drug delivery
Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer
HDL cholesterol
Leptin, adiponectin, fat metabolism, and diabetes
Pneumonia
Autism
Nanoparticle diagnostics for inflammation
Vaccines
Analgesia, opiate drugs, and serotonin



Physical sciences and technology


Neutron stars

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Possible Closest Neutron Star To Earth Found - also here, here
  2. August 20, 2007 - Rare dead star found near Earth
  3. August 20, 2007 - "Magnificent" Neutron Star Found
  4. August 20, 2007 - Astronomers Find Closest Neutron Star
  5. August 20, 2007 - Rare dead star found near Earth
  6. August 21, 2007 - Observatory pinpoints rare neutron star
  7. August 21, 2007 - Little bear harbouring isolated neutron star
Background


Neutrinos

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Catching Some Rays - also here, here, here
  2. August 20, 2007 - After 4.5 Billion Years, Sunshine Finally Figured Out
  3. August 21, 2007 - Scientists Confirm Long-held Theory About Source Of Sunshine - also here, here
  4. August 22, 2007 - Borexino Awash in Neutrinos
  5. August 22, 2007 - Low-energy neutrinos spotted
  6. August 29, 2007 - Low-energy Neutrinos Detected Inside Sun - also here
  7. September 12, 2007 - International team spot first low-level neutrinos
Background


Quark stars

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Was the brightest supernova the birth of a quark star?
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Islands emerge as Arctic ice shrinks to record low - also here
  2. August 20, 2007 - Analysts See 'Simply Incredible' Shrinking of Floating Ice in the Arctic
  3. August 22, 2007 - Antarctic ice thawing faster than predicted
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Cheap And Easy Technique To Produce Hydrogen From Visible Light Is Almost Ready
  2. August 20, 2007 - Making Water Do the Splits
  3. August 24, 2007 - New Catalysts May Create More, Cheaper Hydrogen - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Easing Concerns About A Promising New Medical Imaging Agent
  2. August 24, 2007 - Nanotube formation: researchers learn to control the dimensions of metal oxide nanotubes - also here
  3. August 26, 2007 - Using Life's Building Blocks To Control Nanoparticle Assembly - also here, here
Background


Lab on a chip

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - 'Lab on a chip' to automate gene studies invented
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Blueprints drawn up for quantum computer RAM
  2. August 26, 2007 - Photon-transistors for the supercomputers of the future - also here, here
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Silicon Nanoparticles Enhance Performance Of Solar Cells - also here, here
  2. August 23, 2007 - 'Thin-layer' solar cells may bring cheaper 'green' power - also here, here, here, here
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Observing Magnetic Polarization in Single Atoms
  2. August 23, 2007 - Team claims first silicon spinFET
Background, Background


Quantum vs. classical behavior

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Watching an Object Go Quantum
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Bug-popping nanotubes promise clean surfaces
  2. August 30, 2007 - Scientists use nanotechnology to fight E. coli
Background


Counting photons

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Light collapses step-by-step
  2. August 22, 2007 - Kinder, Gentler Way of Counting Photons Doesn't Annihilate Them
  3. August 23, 2007 - A Light Touch
Background


Silicon lasers

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - 'Evanescent Laser' To Speed Data Transmission By Combining Laser Light With Silicon - also here, here
  2. August 22, 2007 - Researchers generate high-speed pulses of laser light on silicon, speeding data transmission
Background


Hydrogen storage and transport

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Pellets Of Power Designed To Deliver Hydrogen For Tomorrow's Vehicles - also here
  2. August 24, 2007 - Hydrogen fuel goes liquid
  3. August 26, 2007 - Hydrogen Economy? Organic Polymer Stores Hydrogen Safely
Background


Empty space

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Astronomers Find Enormous Hole in the Universe
  2. August 23, 2007 - Astronomers find gaping hole in the Universe - also here, here, here, here
  3. August 23, 2007 - Gaping hole found in universe - also here, here
  4. August 23, 2007 - Huge Hole Found in the Universe
  5. August 24, 2007 - Biggest void in space is 1 billion light years across
  6. August 24, 2007 - Scientists puzzle over enormous void
  7. August 24, 2007 - The great hole in the sky
  8. August 24, 2007 - Whole Lot of Nothing
  9. August 24, 2007 - Great 'cosmic nothingness' found
  10. August 24, 2007 - A Void Within the Void
  11. August 24, 2007 - Astronomers find largest hole in universe
  12. August 24, 2007 - Scientists find huge hole in the universe
  13. August 24, 2007 - Scientist finds nothing can be something special
  14. August 24, 2007 - Astronomers Find a Hole in the Universe - also here
  15. August 24, 2007 - Hole a billion light-years across discovered
Background


North Atlantic ocean current

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Saltier North Atlantic should give currents a boost
Background, Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Cow-powered Fuel Cells Grow Smaller, Mightier - also here
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Software coordinates 19 mirrors, focuses James Webb Space Telescope - also here
Background


Quantum superposition of light

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Quantum light beams good for fast technology - also here, here
Background


Failure of modified gravity

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Modified gravity fails at long distances
Background



Life sciences


Bimaternal mice

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Mickey Has Two Mommies
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Finding That One-in-a-billion That Could Lead To Disease - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Pronouns Aid Brain Function
  2. August 21, 2007 - Just Do It?
  3. August 22, 2007 - Impulse Stopping: When the Mind Exercises 'Free Won't'
  4. August 23, 2007 - Brain scans show where fear lives
  5. August 23, 2007 - The Fear Factor: When the Brain Decides It's Time to Scram
  6. August 24, 2007 - What Makes Some People Impulsive? Area Responsible For 'Self-control' Found In Human Brain - also here
  7. August 24, 2007 - Free will takes flight: how our brains respond to an approaching menace - also here
Background


Genes and gender

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Brain gene flicks the switch on gender
Background


Memory formation

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - The building blocks of memory
Background


Axons

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Brain Cells Work Differently Than Previously Thought - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - A Winning Combination For The Treatment Of Cancer
  2. August 22, 2007 - Nanotweezers Unlock Anticancer Drug Secrets
  3. August 24, 2007 - Estrogen Linked To Breast Cancer - also here
Background


Neural basis of edge induction

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - The Brain Doesn't Like Visual Gaps And Fills Them In
Background


Archaea

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Ancient Organisms Discovered In Canadian Gold Mine - also here
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Viagra boosts feel-good "love" hormone: study - also here
Background


Embryonic development and stem cells

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Isolation Of A New Gene Family Essential For Early Development - also here
Background, Background


Epigenetics, imprinting, and methylation

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Scientists Find Clue To Mechanisms Of Gene Signaling And Regulation - also here
Background


Systems biology

References:
  1. August 23, 3007 - Social habits of cells may hold key to fighting diseases - also here, here
Background


Light-sensing bacteria

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Bacteria see the light
  2. August 28, 2007 - New Light-sensing Ability Discovered In Disease-causing Bacteria - also here
  3. August 29, 2007 - Study: Brucellosis bacteria sense light
Background


Folate production

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Folate mystery finally solved - also here, here
Background


Artificial transcriptional activators

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Small Molecule Spurs Genes To Action
Background


Glutamate and glutamate receptors

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Scientists Investigate Initial Molecular Mechanism That Triggers Neuronal Firing - also here, here
  2. August 27, 2007 - Headway in developing a faster-acting antidepressant
Background, Background, Background


P53, microRNA, and cancer

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Bits Of 'Junk' RNA Aid Master Tumor-suppressor Gene: Loss Is Linked To Common Lung Cancer - also here, here
Background, Background


Longevity genes

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - 'Longevity' Genes Protect Very Old People From The Bad Genes' Harmful Effects - also here, here
Background


Caloric restriction

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Dietary Restriction Cleans Cells - also here
Background


Cooperation in bacteria

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Social parasites of the smaller kind - also here, here
Background, Background


Kinase mediated phosphorylation

References:
  1. August 25, 2007 - All Eukaryotic Kinases Share One Common Set Of Substrates - also here
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. August 26, 2007 - Minimum information standards -- all for 1 and 1 for all
Background



Health and medicine


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Researcher Goes 'Through The Nose' To Delay Onset Of Alzheimer's Disease
  2. August 20, 2007 - Early dementia causes weight loss
  3. August 21, 2007 - Researchers Identify Brain Network That May Help Prevent Or Slow Alzheimer's - also here, here
  4. August 22, 2007 - 60 Second Test Could Help Early Diagnosis Of Common Brain Diseases - also here, here
  5. August 23, 2007 - Women Lose Weight At Least A Decade Before Developing Dementia
  6. August 23, 2007 - Researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases
  7. August 24, 2007 - Vaccine Thwarts The Tangles Of Alzheimer's - also here
  8. August 25, 2007 - Separating The Brain's 'Bad' From 'Good' Iron - also here, here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Virgin olive oil may help keep blood clot-free - also here
  2. August 20, 2007 - Even Low Levels Of Weekly Exercise Drive Down Blood Pressure
  3. August 22, 2007 - Hypertension: Uncontrolled And Taking Over The World
  4. August 22, 2007 - High Alcohol Consumption Increases Stroke Risk Among Chinese Men - also here, here
  5. August 23, 2007 - Breakthrough Promised In Detecting Atherosclerosis - also here
  6. August 24, 2007 - New blood pressure control found
  7. August 24, 2007 - Exercise may restore some youth to blood vessels - also here
  8. August 25, 2007 - Vitamin E's Lack Of Heart Benefit Linked To Dosage - also here, here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Green tea extract may boost cancer-fighting enzymes - also here
  2. August 20, 2007 - Obesity predicts prostate cancer recurrence - also here
  3. August 20, 2007 - Invasion Of The Brain Tumors: Regulator Discovered
  4. August 20, 2007 - New Radiation Therapy Treatment Developed For Head And Neck Cancer Patients
  5. August 20, 2007 - Darker fruits could fight cancer
  6. August 20, 2007 - Forget eating your greens: red and blue foods are the cancer fighters
  7. August 22, 2007 - Common Component Of Fruits, Vegetables Kills Prostate Cancer Cells - also here
  8. August 22, 2007 - How Tumors Prevent Immune Cell Entry
  9. August 22, 2007 - Compounds That Color Fruits And Veggies May Protect Against Colon Cancer
  10. August 22, 2007 - Study Shines More Light On Benefit Of Vitamin D In Fighting Cancer - also here, here
  11. August 22, 2007 - What Are The Health Effects Of Acrylamide And How Can It Be Reduced In Food?
  12. August 23, 2007 - Researchers Set Sights On Early Detection Of Pancreatic Cancer
  13. August 23, 2007 - Starving tumors from inside may pose risks -study - also here
  14. August 23, 2007 - Treated hypertension not linked with breast cancer - also here
  15. August 23, 2007 - Cholesterol drugs may not reduce prostate cancer - also here
  16. August 23, 2007 - Researchers Set Sights On Early Detection Of Pancreatic Cancer
  17. August 23, 2007 - Compound In Broccoli Could Boost Immune System, Says Study - also here, here
  18. August 23, 2007 - 'Met Inhibitors' Showing Promise As A New Weapon In War On Cancer
  19. August 24, 2007 - NSAIDs may protect against bladder cancer - also here
  20. August 24, 2007 - Breast cancer decline attributed to drop in HRT - also here
  21. August 24, 2007 - Dense Breasts, Hormone Levels Are Two Separate, Independent Risk Factors For Breast Cancer - also here, here
  22. August 24, 2007 - Acrylamide Not Linked To Breast Cancer, Study Finds - also here
  23. August 24, 2007 - EU approves Avastin for lung cancer
  24. August 26, 2007 - Acrylamide cleared of causing breast cancer
  25. August 26, 2007 - Cranberries May Improve Chemotherapy For Ovarian Cancer - also here, here
  26. August 27, 2007 - New link between estrogen and breast cancer
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - Too fat? Common virus may be to blame: study - also here
  2. August 20, 2007 - Revealing Estrogen's Secret Role In Obesity - also here
  3. August 20, 2007 - Study Finds Virus Contributes to Obesity - also here
  4. August 21, 2007 - Obesity 'may be linked to virus'
  5. August 21, 2007 - A virus made you fat
  6. August 21, 2007 - Common cold virus could be making people fat
  7. August 21, 2007 - Sore throat virus linked to obesity
  8. August 21, 2007 - Common Virus May Contribute To Obesity In Some People
  9. August 25, 2007 - Infectious Obesity: Adenovirus fattens stem cells
Background


Oral antisense drug for myasthenia gravis

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - New Treatment Boosts Muscle Function In Myasthenia Gravis
Background, Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 20, 2007 - One Step Closer To Transplanting Stem Cells In The Brain
  2. August 26, 2007 - When is a stem cell not really a stem cell? - also here, here
  3. August 26, 2007 - Human derived stem cells can repair rat hearts damaged by heart attack - also here, here
  4. August 26, 2007 - Stem cell advance warms the heart
  5. August 27, 2007 - Human stem cells heal the hearts of rats - also here
  6. August 27, 2007 - Human stem cells fix heart damage in lab rats
  7. August 27, 2007 - Geron sees progress in stem-cell therapy
  8. August 27, 2007 - Stem cell transplant advance 'thrilling'
  9. August 27, 2007 - Geron Demonstrates hESC-derived cardiomyocytes improve heart function after myocardial infarction
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Study finds key markers for bird flu change - also here
  2. August 22, 2007 - Antigen Sparing Strategy Could Boost Bird Flu Vaccine Production
  3. August 22, 2007 - Bird flu and human flu are differentiated
  4. August 24, 2007 - Influenza Survey Uncovers Key Differences Between Bird Flu And Human Flu - also here
  5. August 24, 2007 - Bird flu hits poultry in two Vietnam provinces
  6. August 25, 2007 - Deadly bird flu found in German poultry farm - also here
  7. August 25, 2007 - Bird flu at German poultry farm - also here
  8. August 26, 2007 - Bird Flu Found at German Poultry Farm - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Fat On Chest And Upper Back Increases Risk Of Insulin Resistance - also here
  2. August 22, 2007 - Discovery of 'sugar sensor' in intestine could benefit diabetes
  3. August 23, 2007 - High-fructose Corn Syrup Linked To Diabetes, New Study Suggests - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. August 21, 2007 - Frog Plus Frying Pan Equals Better Antibiotic - also here
Background


West Nile virus

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Deadliness of West Nile virus explained
Background, Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Chemists Discover New Way Antioxidants Fight Debilitating Diseases - also here
Background


Regeneration of brain cells

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Milestone In The Regeneration Of Brain Cells - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Alcohol Consumption Linked To HIV Disease Progression, Study Shows - also here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Scientists Develop Nanogels That Enable Controlled Delivery Of Carbohydrate Drugs - also here, here
Background, Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Nanotubes Enable New Approach to Cancer Radiotherapy
  2. August 23, 2007 - Novel 3-D cell culture model shows selective tumor uptake of nanoparticles - also here, here, here
  3. August 24, 2007 - New cancer weapon: nuclear nanocapsules - also here
  4. August 28, 2007 - New Cancer Weapon: Nuclear Nanocapsules
Background, Background, Background, Background


HDL cholesterol

References:
  1. August 22, 2007 - Why Bad Things Can Happen To The Heart When 'Good' Cholesterol Goes Bad - also here, here
Background


Leptin, adiponectin, fat metabolism, and diabetes

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - 'World's fattest mouse' appears immune to diabetes
  2. August 23, 2007 - 'World's Fattest Mice' Immune To Diabetes
  3. August 23, 2007 - Obesity Doesn't Always Spur Diabetes
  4. August 24, 2007 - Diabetes study: Fat is all about the location
  5. August 27, 2007 - Being Fat Needn't Be All Bad News
  6. August 28, 2007 - Key Hormone Protects Obese Mice From Diabetes - also here, here
Background, Background


Pneumonia

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Study reveals why common pneumonia is so deadly - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - Research May Unlock Mystery Of Autism's Origin In The Brain - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle diagnostics for inflammation

References:
  1. August 23, 2007 - New Nanoparticle Could Provide Simple Early Diagnosis Of Many Diseases - also here, here
Background, Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - New Smallpox Vaccine Candidates Demonstrate Superior Immune Response, Efficacy And Safety In Mice
Background


Analgesia, opiate drugs, and serotonin

References:
  1. August 24, 2007 - Researchers Separate Analgesic Effects From Addictive Aspects Of Pain-killing Drugs - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved