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Volume 6, Number 45
November 5, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Dark matter and modified gravity
KT mass extinction
Red supergiant stars
Modeling star clusters
Oxygenation of the atmosphere
Black holes
Neutrino physics
Earthquakes
Black holes and loop quantum gravity
Star formation
Extrasolar planets
Carbon nanotubes
Metamaterials
Water on Mars
Interacting galaxies
Supercomputing
Supernovae
Quasiparticles
Nanotechnology
Dark energy
Global warming
Robotics
Spintronics
Photonics

Life sciences

Visual/auditory information processing
Brain effects of leptin
Histone proteins
Evolution of altruism
Creativity
Chromosomal passenger complex
Neurobiology of counting
Cancer biology
Wnt signaling
Cat genome
Neuronal circuits
Abiotic formation of adenine
Lithium and lifespan extension in nematodes
Biofilms
Fear
Bt toxin
Human visual tracking capacity
Limb regeneration in newts
Parasites and evolution
Maturation of new neurons
Brain-imaging studies
Modeling protein behavior
Bacterial communication
DNA repair
Neural network models of the immune system

Health and medicine

Avian flu
Cancer
Viruses and cancer
AIDS
Rheumatoid arthritis
Diabetes
Malaria
Autism
Gene therapy
Health benefits of organic produce
Psoriasis
Schizophrenia
Cardiovascular disease
Inflammatory bowel diseaes
Stem cells
Health risks of folic acid
Vitamin D and cancer
Anthrax vaccine
Diet, obesity and cancer
Cancer vaccines
Parkinson's disease
Sleep
T cells and autoimmunity
Polyphenols, cancer, and cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Hepatitis C
Antioxidants
Carbon nanotubes and cancer
Staph vaccines



Physical sciences and technology


Dark matter and modified gravity

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Scientists Say Dark Matter Doesn't Exist
  2. October 31, 2007 - Dark Matter Not a Done Deal?
  3. October 31, 2007 - Time to overhaul Newton's theory of gravitation? Galaxy cluster models cast doubt on dark matter
  4. November 6, 2007 - Cosmic collision explained without dark matter
Background, Background


KT mass extinction

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Did mega-volcanoes kill the dinosaurs?
  2. October 30, 2007 - Volcanic Eruptions, Not Meteor, May Have Killed The Dinosaurs - also here
  3. October 31, 2007 - Gas may be to blame for extinction
Background


Red supergiant stars

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Betelgeuse: Star in a Shell
Background


Modeling star clusters

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Astronomers Simulate Life And Death In The Universe - also here, here
Background


Oxygenation of the atmosphere

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Origin Of 'Breathable' Atmosphere Half A Billion Years Ago Discovered- also here
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Massive Black Hole Smashes Record - also here, here, here, here
  2. October 30, 2007 - Massive Stellar Black Hole Smashes Record
  3. October 31, 2007 - Huge Black Holes May Hold Keys to Galaxy Formation
  4. November 1, 2007 - Best-of-Breed Black Hole
  5. November 1, 2007 - Supermassive Black Holes Produce Powerful Galaxy-shaping Winds - also here, here
  6. November 2, 2007 - Colossal Winds of Change
  7. November 5, 2007 - Black Holes Launch Powerful Cosmic Winds
Background


Neutrino physics

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - India digs deep to build neutrino lab
Background


Black holes and loop quantum gravity

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Black holes may harbour their own universes
Background, Background


Star formation

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Magnetic fields may stop young stars self-destructing
  2. October 31, 2007 - New Spin on How Stars are Born
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Planet hunters announce three new finds
  2. October 31, 2007 - Boiling planets found at edge of galaxy
  3. November 2, 2007 - Earth-like planets get life assessment
  4. November 5, 2007 - Three New Exo-planets Discovered
  5. November 8, 2007 - Newfound Planets are Scorching Hot
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Nano-coatings grease earthquake zones
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Bullets bounce off nanotubes
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Negative-index material modulates light
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Vast amount of water ice may lie on Martian equator
Background


Interacting galaxies

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Hubble Sees Graceful Dance Of Two Interacting Galaxies - also here, here
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Argonne's Blue Gene/P gets more muscle to address most challenging scientific problems
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - White Dwarf 'Sibling Rivalry' Explodes into Supernova - also here
  2. November 1, 2007 - Dead Stars Collide, Explode
  3. November 1, 2007 - New Ways to Make Stars Explode
  4. November 6, 2007 - When Stars Collide
Background


Quasiparticles

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Physicists show how electrons 'gain weight' in metal compounds near absolute zero - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Nano-assembly Mimics Origin Of Life? Molecules Organize Themselves Into Patterns - also here, here
  2. November 1, 2007 - Engineers Teach Nature to 'Grow' Computer Components
  3. November 1, 2007 - Heavy atoms reduce nanoscale friction
  4. November 2, 2007 - 'Heftier' Atoms Reduce Friction At The Nanoscale, Study Reveals - also here, here
  5. November 2, 2007 - Research predicts size-induced transition to nanoscale half-metallicity
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - Bursting dark energy's bubble
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - Shrinking ice means Greenland is rising fast
  2. November 2, 2007 - If not in atmosphere, where does carbon go?
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - Robots Prepare for the Battlefield by First Fighting City Traffic
  2. November 2, 2007 - MIT's 'robocar' named a finalist in DARPA Urban Challenge
  3. November 3, 2007 - No driver, no problem in robot car race - also here
  4. November 4, 2007 - Robot car technology heads for the road - also here,
  5. November 4, 2007 - Outsiders challenged big guys at robot car race
  6. November 4, 2007 - SUV with mind of its own wins robot car race
  7. November 4, 2007 - US military spurs robot car creations with big money race
  8. November 5, 2007 - 'Aggressive but safe' SUV wins robotic street race
  9. November 5, 2007 - Robot cars race around California
  10. November 5, 2007 - Crashes and Traffic Jams in Military Test of Robotic Vehicles
  11. November 6, 2007 - Carnegie Mellon Robotized SUV Wins DARPA Urban Challenge
  12. November 7, 2007 - What's ahead for CMU's 'Boss'?
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - Researchers rotate electron spin with electric field - also here, here
  2. November 3, 2007 - Single spins controlled by an electric field
Background


Photonics

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - Light-powered micro-machines to advance telecommunications
Background



Life sciences


Visual/auditory information processing

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - When the Eyes Play Tricks on the Ears
  2. November 2, 2007 - How Ventriloquists Trick The Brain: Sight, Sound Processed Together And Earlier Than Previously Thought - also here
Background


Brain effects of leptin

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Brain scans of obese show hunger hormone at work - also here
  2. October 30, 2007 - Brain Circuits That Control Hunger Identified - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Histone proteins

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Cell Pathway, Disease Linked To Histone Action
Background, Background


Evolution of altruism

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - In-group Altruism And Hostility Toward Outsiders Evolved Together - also here
Background


Creativity

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Brain Activity Differs For Creative And Noncreative Thinkers
Background


Chromosomal passenger complex

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - The Watchdogs of chromosome-segregation
Background


Neurobiology of counting

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Monkeys reveal brain is hard-wired for counting
  2. October 31, 2007 - How the Brain Maps Symbols to Numbers
  3. November 2, 2007 - Neurons In Primate Cortex Associate Numerical Meaning With Visual Signs
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Ways To Teach Approved Drugs New Tricks: How To Combat Cancer
Background


Wnt signaling

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Odd protein interaction guides development of olfactory system - also here
Background


Cat genome

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Inbred cat provides first feline genome
  2. October 31, 2007 - Cat's eye view of DNA sheds light on human disease - also here
  3. October 31, 2007 - The Keys to Cat-ness
  4. October 31, 2007 - Cat joins the genome club
  5. October 31, 2007 - Scientists Decode Most of Mo. Cat's DNA - also here, here
  6. November 1, 2007 - Pussy lends DNA to doctors
  7. November 1, 2007 - Domestic Cat Genome Sequenced
  8. November 1, 2007 - Cat joins exclusive genome club
Background


Neuronal circuits

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Colours light up brain structure
Background


Abiotic formation of adenine

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - How Did Chemical Constituents Essential To Life Arise On Primitive Earth? - also here
Background


Lithium and lifespan extension in nematodes

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Drug Commonly Used To Treat Bipolar Disorder Dramatically Increases Lifespan In Worms - also here
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Efficient Crowd Control In Bacterial Colonies - also here
Background


Fear

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Scientists Note Brain's Reaction to Fear - also here
Background


Bt toxin

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - New Designer Toxins Kill Bt-resistant Insect Pests - also here
  2. November 1, 2007 - Modified toxin helps crops kill resistant insects
  3. November 2, 2007 - 'Designer' toxins target resistant bugs
Background


Human visual tracking capacity

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Brain can juggle eight balls at once
Background


Limb regeneration in newts

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Newt protein may offer clues for human regeneration - also here
  2. November 2, 2007 - Newt protein makes legs grow back
  3. November 3, 2007 - Protein aids limb regrowth in newts
Background


Parasites and evolution

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Parasites: Beat Them or Join Them?
  2. November 3, 2007 - Tangled Web Of The Insect, Plant And Parasite Arms Race
  3. November 7, 2007 - To Fight Disease, Animals -- Like Plants -- Can Tolerate Parasites - also here
Background


Maturation of new neurons

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - New Brain Cells Listen Before They Talk - also here, here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Human Decision-making Takes Multiple Brain Regions Performing Individual Functions
  2. November 4, 2007 - Training and experience can affect brain organization, research shows - also here, here
Background


Modeling protein behavior

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Modeling Protein Behavior: Speed Plays Crucial Role In Breaking Protein's H-bonds
Background


Bacterial communication

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - New Peptide Communication Factor Enabling Bacteria To 'Talk To Each Other' Discovered - also here
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - New Discovery Illuminates How Cells Repair Damaged DNA - also here
Background


Neural network models of the immune system

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - 'PIN Codes' Of The Immune System Can Be Hacked - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Indonesian boy sick with bird flu - also here
  2. November 2, 2007 - Bird flu forces Bangladesh to cull chickens - also here
  3. November 4, 2007 - Indonesian woman dies of bird flu - health official - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Sunlight may cut breast cancer risk for some women - also here
  2. October 29, 2007 - UV light may offer "double whammy" for cancer - also here
  3. October 29, 2007 - Unravelling The Secrets Of Cancer Cells
  4. October 29, 2007 - Combination Targets For Cancer: Some Drugs Work Well Together, Studies Suggest
  5. October 29, 2007 - Blood Markers Can Help Choose Best Dose For Antiangiogenic Drugs, Study Suggests
  6. October 29, 2007 - PET scans track small tumors after stereotactic body radiotherapy
  7. October 29, 2007 - FDA Approves Drug to Treat Leukemia
  8. October 30, 2007 - Close Relationship Between H. Pylori And Gastric Cancer Suggested
  9. October 30, 2007 - Tiny Radioactive Spheres Effectively Treat Cancer That Has Spread To The Liver - also here, here
  10. October 30, 2007 - Radiation Seeds Effectively Cure Prostate Cancer In Young Men - also here, here
  11. October 30, 2007 - Extra radiation dose prevents breast cancer return in young women
  12. October 30, 2007 - Breast cancer is more aggressive in African-American women - also here
  13. October 30, 2007 - How Does the Antitumor Drug Get to the Cell Nucleus? - also here
  14. October 30, 2007 - Light activated cancer drug hope
  15. October 31, 2007 - Cervical cancer survivors prone to other cancers - also here
  16. October 31, 2007 - Knocking down cholesterol helps prostate cancer treatment
  17. October 31, 2007 - ADH2 And ALDH2 Are Associated With Esophageal Cancer, Study Shows
  18. October 31, 2007 - 3-D Model Of Esophageal Cancer Created
  19. October 31, 2007 - Surgery, Radiation Gives Early Survival Advantage In Bile Duct Cancer - also here
  20. October 31, 2007 - Radiation Plus Chemo Quadruples Survival Time For Fatal Brain Cancer
  21. October 31, 2007 - Can Cholesterol-lowering Medicine Make Radiation More Effective At Curing Prostate Cancer?
  22. October 31, 2007 - Breast Cancer Returns More Often In Black Women - also here
  23. November 1, 2007 - Enzyme may play role in aggressive lung cancer - also here
  24. November 1, 2007 - New Treatment Option Studied For Bladder Cancer - also here
  25. November 1, 2007 - Promising Cancer Treatments Under Development
  26. November 1, 2007 - Oncologists Show Focused Radiation Is Effective As Surgery Against Nerve Tumor - also here
  27. November 1, 2007 - Cancer-Killing Virus Shows Promise as Metastatic Cancer Treatment
  28. November 1, 2007 - New Genetic Variant Linked To Prostate Cancer In African-Americans - also here
  29. November 1, 2007 - Novel Medication Improves Ovarian Cancer Treatment
  30. November 1, 2007 - Men, Don't Skip Your Prostate Cancer Treatment Appointments
  31. November 1, 2007 - Study shows drug could effectively treat, prevent the spread of breast cancer
  32. November 1, 2007 - Vessel-thwarting antibody might help starve cancerous tumors
  33. November 2, 2007 - Mechanism Of Action Of EGFR Inhibitors in Cancer Chemotherapy
  34. November 2, 2007 - Radiation After Surgery Keeps High-risk Prostate Cancer At Bay
  35. November 2, 2007 - Recent Increase In Multiple Myeloma Survival Attributed To Novel Therapies - also here, here
  36. November 2, 2007 - Potential New Therapeutic Molecular Target To Fight Cancer - also here, here
  37. November 2, 2007 - Increased glucose level is a strong risk factor for colorectal cancer - also here, here
  38. November 2, 2007 - Like cancer, survival rate can be inherited: study
  39. November 2, 2007 - Folic acid linked to increased cancer rate - also here
  40. November 2, 2007 - Does neural cell adhesion molecule-180 predict survival in colorectal cancer?
  41. November 2, 2007 - Cancer children more prone to survive if parents did
  42. November 3, 2007 - UV Light Improving Chances Of Fighting Cancer - also here, here
  43. November 3, 2007 - Cancer Treatment: Radiation Seed Implant Decreases Risk Of Death Over Watchful Waiting
  44. November 3, 2007 - New Way To Predict Survival In Older Women With Lung Cancer - also here
  45. November 4, 2007 - Discovery Could Increase Tumors' Sensitivity To Radiation Therapy - also here
  46. November 4, 2007 - Drug Found Effective In Treating, Preventing Breast Cancer - also here, here
  47. November 4, 2007 - Sweep of lung cancer genome reveals new gene - also here
Background


Viruses and cancer

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - New Screening Method May Identify Tumor Viruses
  2. October 31, 2007 - Kill the Virus, Stop the Cancer
  3. November 2, 2007 - Cancer Treated As An Infectious Disease -- With Promising Results - also here, here
  4. November 4, 2007 - How One Virus Uses Mimicry To Replicate Successfully: Related Mechanisms May Trigger Some Cancers - also here
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - A Hairpin To Fight HIV - also here
  2. October 29, 2007 - AIDS virus invaded U.S. from Haiti: study - also here
  3. October 29, 2007 - How HIV Took the World by Storm
  4. October 29, 2007 - Key HIV strain 'came from Haiti'
  5. October 30, 2007 - HIV's Path Out Of Africa: Haiti, The US Then The World - also here
  6. October 30, 2007 - Analysis clarifies route of AIDS
  7. November 2, 2007 - Lifetime trauma may speed progression of HIV, early death - also here, here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Rheumatoid arthritis patients' mortality unchanged - also here
  2. October 31, 2007 - Widening Mortality Gap Between People With Rheumatoid Arthritis And The General Population
  3. November 4, 2007 - Researchers identify gene behind rheumatoid arthritis - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Type 2 Diabetes: Genes Linked To Insulin Resistance Identified
  2. November 1, 2007 - Protein may be key to gestational diabetes - also here
  3. November 3, 2007 - Preventing Or Reducing Enlarged Heart May Decrease Risk For Diabetes - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Protein-Based Vaccine May Protect Against Malaria
  2. October 30, 2007 - Newly Identified Genes May Be Key In Preventing Pregnancy Malaria
Background


Autism

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - What Are The Early Warning Signs Of Autism?
  2. October 31, 2007 - Genotype data of families with autism are released
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Intravenous gene therapy protects normal tissue of mice during whole-body radiation
  2. October 30, 2007 - Gene therapy sees early success for neurodegenerative disease
Background


Health benefits of organic produce

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Organic produce 'better for you'
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. October 29, 2007 - Smoking 'raises psoriasis risk'
  2. October 30, 2007 - Smoking Increases Risk Of Psoriasis, Study Shows - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Ziprasidone may control unresponsive schizophrenia - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Ethnic Differences In Sleep Quality And Blood Pressure - also here, here
  2. October 31, 2007 - Hereditary Link To Heart Disease Puts Male Siblings At Highest Risk - also here, here
  3. October 31, 2007 - Researchers identify new cardiac arrest gene
  4. November 1, 2007 - Link between a sleep-related breathing disorder and increased heart rate variability - also here
  5. November 2, 2007 - Master Switch That Regulates Blood Pressure Identified - also here
  6. November 2, 2007 - New studies add weight to link between pre-eclampsia and heart disease - also here
  7. November 2, 2007 - Pre-eclampsia link to heart risk
  8. November 2, 2007 - Study: Fountain of youth for your heart? - also here, here
  9. November 2, 2007 - Just Anticipating a Nap May Be Good for the Heart - also here, here, here
  10. November 4, 2007 - Onions 'cut heart disease risk'
  11. November 4, 2007 - Study: New Heart Pill May Rival Plavix
  12. November 4, 2007 - Less of Schering-Plough clot drug works
  13. November 4, 2007 - Lilly clot drug works, but more bleeding seen
Background


Inflammatory bowel diseaes

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - New Treatment Is Effective Strategy In IBD Patients, Study Suggests
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Could stem cells be used to cure Crohn's Disease?
  2. November 1, 2007 - Bystander Stem Cells Keep Original Neurons Humming, Restore Memory
  3. November 2, 2007 - Stem Cells Can Improve Memory After Brain Injury - also here
  4. November 2, 2007 - Researchers to develop new drug delivery system - also here, here
  5. November 4, 2007 - Stem Cells In Degenerating Spinal Discs Discovered, Potential For Repair - also here, here
Background


Health risks of folic acid

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Folic acid fortification warning
  2. November 5, 2007 - Scientists Question Folic Acid Fortification - also here
Background


Vitamin D and cancer

References:
  1. October 30, 2007 - Vitamin D does not prevent death from cancer - also here
  2. October 30, 2007 - Vitamin D May Not Reduce Cancer Deaths
  3. October 30, 2007 - Vitamin D Won't Help Prevent Most Cancers
  4. October 31, 2007 - Vitamin D cuts colon cancer death risk: U.S. study - also here
  5. October 31, 2007 - Study Finds No Connection Between Vitamin D And Overall Cancer Deaths
  6. November 1, 2007 - At the moment, Vitamin D may fight cancer - also here
Background, Background


Anthrax vaccine

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Lack of realism blamed for failed anthrax vaccine
Background


Diet, obesity and cancer

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Obesity increases the risk of cancer
  2. October 31, 2007 - Report stresses link between obesity and cancer - also here
  3. October 31, 2007 - Diet, growth are major cancer causes: report
  4. October 31, 2007 - Be thin to cut cancer, study says
  5. October 31, 2007 - Body fat is linked to six types of cancers
  6. November 2, 2007 - Our Diet Must Change To Cut Cancer Risk, Experts Urge - also here
Background, Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - One Step Closer To Elusive Cancer Vaccine - also here
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Chemical That Triggers Parkinson's Disease Discovered
Background


Sleep

References:
  1. October 31, 2007 - Nap Now, Sleep Tonight -- And Think Better Tomorrow
Background


T cells and autoimmunity

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - What Immune Cells See: Ins And Outs Of Peptide Processing
Background, Background


Polyphenols, cancer, and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - Chemical In Red Wine, Fruits And Vegetables May Stop Cancer, Heart Disease, Depending On The Dose - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. November 1, 2007 - PET Scan Distinguishes Alzheimer's From Other Dementia
  2. November 1, 2007 - Alzheimer's cold sore virus link
  3. November 4, 2007 - New Brain Marker Shows Promise For Predicting Future Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - 24-week Course Of Interferon-alpha Therapy Prolongs Survival In Patients Hepatitis C Virus
  2. November 2, 2007 - How Hep C bypasses cell defences
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. November 2, 2007 - Rosemary Chicken Protects Your Brain From Free Radicals - also here, here
Background


Carbon nanotubes and cancer

References:
  1. November 3, 2007 - Radio Waves Fire Up Nanotubes Embedded In Tumors, Destroying Liver Cancer - also here, here
  2. November 5, 2007 - Nanotubes zap cancer
Background, Background


Staph vaccines

References:
  1. November 4, 2007 - Promising Vaccine Against Deadly Staph Infections Blocks Communication System Of Bacteria - also here, here
Background, Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved