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Volume 6, Number 52
December 24, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Sea level rise
Active galaxies
Nanotechnology
Galaxy clusters
Optical communications
Phase transitions in magnetite
Photonic crystals
Gamma-ray bursts
Rapid star formation in an early galaxy
Large Hadron Collider
Graphene
Solar cells
Stellar flares
Plasmonics
Water on Mars
Greenhouse gases
Fundamental constants
Triple galaxy merger
Pulsar-wind nebulae
Superconductivity
Extrasolar planets
Supernova remnants
Superexchange in an optical lattice
Cosmic inflation
Lab model of big bang
Dark energy
Hydrogen storage
COROT results
Glacial melting
Earthquakes
Nanolasers
Quark color transparency
Arctic sea ice
Resistive RAM
Microelectromechanical systems
Quantum cryptography

Life sciences

Simian arithmetic ability
Cancer biology
Temperature sensation
Fat storage in cells
Dopamine, neural signaling, and neurodegenerative diseases
Vesicular recycling
Membrane proteins
Cell contractile rings
Sparsity of neural coding
Proteomics
MicroRNA and cancer
Muscle regeneration
Speech perception
Neural plasticity
Naive T cells
Genomics
MicroRNA and cancer stem cells
Brain-imaging studies
Neanderthals
Autophagy and phagocytosis
GABA and learning
Plasmid segregation and antibiotic resistance
Regulation of Wnt
Topoisomerase II
Anti-retrovirus genes
Cancer stem cells
Co-operative breeding
Dynamic connectivity of olfactory neurons
Induced pluripotent stem cells

Health and medicine

Avian flu
Tuberculosis
Cancer
Metabolic syndrome
Diabetes
Crohn's disease
Psoriasis
Sleep and obesity
Low-carbohydrate diets
Muscular dystrophy and RNA splicing defects
AIDS
Cardiovascular disease
Gene therapy
Fragile X syndrome
Stem cells
Ulcerative colitis
Engineered blood vessels
Inflammatory diseases
Antioxidants
RNAi therapy
Vascular dementia
Obesity and RNA splicing differences
Malaria
Parkinson's disease
Omega-3 fatty acids and depression
Vitamin B12 and folate
Nanoparticle cancer detection
Myasthenia gravis



Physical sciences and technology


Sea level rise

References:
  1. December 16, 2007 - Seas could rise twice as high as predicted: study
  2. December 17, 2007 - Study suggests future sea-level rises may be even higher than predicted - also here
  3. December 17, 2007 - Lessons From an Interglacial Past
  4. December 17, 2007 - Rising seas 'to beat predictions'
Background


Active galaxies

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Galaxy fires powerful particle beam at neighbour
  2. December 17, 2007 - "Bully" black hole blasts nearby galaxy: NASA
  3. December 17, 2007 - Galaxy Blasts Neighbor with Deadly Jet
  4. December 17, 2007 - Black hole 'bully' blasts galaxy
  5. December 17, 2007 - "Death Star" Galaxy Found Blasting Smaller Neighbor
  6. December 18, 2007 - Bully galaxy zaps neighbour
  7. December 18, 2007 - "Death Star" blasting galactic neighbour
  8. December 18, 2007 - 'Death Star' Black Hole Fires At Neighboring Galaxy - also here
  9. December 18, 2007 - Caught on Tape: Death Star Galaxy - also here, here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - A 40-Hour Laptop Battery?
  2. December 20, 2007 - New Nanowire Battery Holds 10 Times The Charge Of Existing Ones - also here, here
Background


Galaxy clusters

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Hidden Cosmic Giant: New Cluster Of Galaxies Discovered
Background


Optical communications

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Light speed communications for supercomputers
  2. December 20, 2007 - Team develops tiny optical switch
  3. December 21, 2007 - Ultra High Speed Internet On The Horizon
  4. December 21, 2007 - Utra-fast Fibre Lasers, Dopey Photons... What's Next? - also here
Background


Photonic crystals

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Photonic crystal bends light round corners
  2. December 20, 2007 - 'Nanocavity' Sensor Detects Virus-Sized Particles
Background, Background


Phase transitions in magnetite

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - New Property Found In Ancient Mineral Lodestone - also here, here
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - Intergalactic 'Shot In The Dark' Shocks Astronomers - also here, here
  2. December 18, 2007 - A Gamma-Ray Burst Out of Nowhere
  3. December 18, 2007 - Baffling Cosmic Explosion Comes Out of Nowhere
  4. December 19, 2007 - Cosmic explosion detonates in empty space
  5. December 20, 2007 - Cosmic explosion is shot in the dark
  6. December 21, 2007 - LIGO Sheds Light on Cosmic Event
  7. January 30, 2008 - Intergalactic 'Shot in the Dark' Shocks Astronomers - also here
Background


Rapid star formation in an early galaxy

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - New View of Distant Galaxy Reveals Furious Star Formation
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - CMS tracking detector successfully installed - also here
  2. December 21, 2007 - The Midnight Ride of the CMS Tracking Detector - also here
  3. December 21, 2007 - Physicists contribute to state-of-the-art detector installed in Switzerland
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Carbon electrodes could slash cost of solar panels
  2. December 19, 2007 - Graphene nanoislands go magnetic
  3. December 20, 2007 - Advances Pave Way For Powerful Carbon-based Electronics - also here, here
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Nano Flakes May Revolutionize Solar Cells - also here
  2. December 19, 2007 - Carbon electrodes could slash cost of solar panels
  3. December 19, 2007 - V-shaped solar cells could lead to better efficiency
Background


Stellar flares

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - 'Solar Flare' Detected From Star 150 Light Years Away - also here
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - 2-D Invisibility Cloak For Visible Light Created
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - 'Active glacier found' on Mars
  2. December 20, 2007 - Red Planet Still Packs Surprises
Background


Greenhouse gases

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Ancient Warming Caused Huge Spike in Temps, Study Says
Background


Fundamental constants

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Two constants to rule us all
Background


Triple galaxy merger

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Triple Cosmic Collision Of Galaxies Stuns Astronomers - also here
Background


Pulsar-wind nebulae

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Suzaku Explains Cosmic Powerhouses - also here, here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Physicists find new explanation for superconductivity's 'glue'
  2. December 21, 2007 - Quest For A New Class Of Superconductors - also here, here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - To curious aliens, Earth would stand out as living planet - also here, here
  2. December 21, 2007 - Alien astronomers could discern Earth's features
Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Litterbugs of the Universe Busted
  2. December 21, 2007 - 10,000 Earths' Worth Of Fresh Dust Found Near Star Explosion - also here
  3. December 21, 2007 - Scientists Find Source of Cosmic Dust
Background


Superexchange in an optical lattice

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Superexchange spotted in optical lattice
Background, Background


Cosmic inflation

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - No Dice for Slow Roll?
Background


Lab model of big bang

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - A lab model of the early Universe
  2. January 4, 2008 - Cosmic strings in a test tube?
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Dark energy a furphy, says new paper
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Hydrogen Storage For Cars?
Background


COROT results

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - COROT surprises a year after launch - also here, here
Background


Glacial melting

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Global warming causing China's glaciers to melt quickly: survey
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Soft, green rock plays role in earthquakes: study
Background


Nanolasers

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - The Library Of Congress In Your Wrist Watch? - also here
Background, Background, Background


Quark color transparency

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Transparent Nuclei
Background


Arctic sea ice

References:
  1. December 22, 2007 - Many Factors Led to 2007's Record Low in Arctic Sea Ice
Background


Resistive RAM

References:
  1. December 23, 2007 - Next-generation RAM: Remembering The Future
Background


Microelectromechanical systems

References:
  1. December 23, 2007 - A Taste Of Microscopic Machines To Come
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. December 23, 2007 - Cryptic Messages Boost Data Security
Background



Life sciences


Simian arithmetic ability

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Monkeys add up like we do
  2. December 18, 2007 - Monkeys and college students as good at mental math - also here
  3. December 19, 2007 - Monkeys surprisingly skilled at arithmetic
  4. December 19, 2007 - Researchers: Monkeys Can Do Mental Math
  5. December 20, 2007 - Monkeys Can Perform Mental Addition - also here
  6. December 22, 2007 - Macaques can do sums like people in a hurry
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Sperm clue to 'disease immunity'
  2. December 19, 2007 - Sperm's Immune-protection Properties Could Provide Link To How Cancers Spread
  3. December 21, 2007 - Why Don't We Get Cancer All The Time? - also here
Background


Temperature sensation

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - Scientists trace the roots of feeling cold
  2. December 18, 2007 - Cold feeling traced to source - also here
  3. December 19, 2007 - Shivering: Body's Wiring For Sensing, Responding To Cold Explained - also here
Background


Fat storage in cells

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - How Fat Is Stored In Cells: Fundamental Discovery
Background, Background


Dopamine, neural signaling, and neurodegenerative diseases

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - Crawling Worms May Illuminate Dopamine's Role In Human Aging Diseases
Background, Background


Vesicular recycling

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - Breakthrough Technology Observes Synapse In Real Time, Supporting Theory Of Vesicular Recycling
  2. December 21, 2007 - Key Enzyme Helps Keep The Synapse On Track - also here
Background


Membrane proteins

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - Molecular Code Broken For Drug Industry's Pet Proteins
Background


Cell contractile rings

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - How Molecular Muscles Help Cells Divide
  2. December 19, 2007 - Scientists Discover How Cells Build a 'Machine' for Cell Division
Background


Sparsity of neural coding

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - The power of a single neuron
  2. December 22, 2007 - Single brain cell's power shown
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Protein Fingerprinting Made Easy
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Virus Discovered Using Same Tools As Host Cell
Background, Background


Muscle regeneration

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Molecular Signal That Helps Muscle Regenerate Discovered
Background


Speech perception

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Where the brain makes sense of speech
  2. December 20, 2007 - New Brain Mechanism Identified For Interpreting Speech
Background, Background


Neural plasticity

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Signaling Neurons Make Neighbor Cells "Want In"
Background


Naive T cells

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - New Strategy Suggested For Protecting Aging Americans Against Infectious Disease - also here
Background


Genomics

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - New Gene Prediction Method Capitalizes On Multiple Genomes - also here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer stem cells

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Scientists Identify And Repress Breast Cancer Stem Cells In Mouse Tissue - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Jingle Bells Not Merry For Tone-deaf Individuals - also here
  2. December 20, 2007 - New Neuroimaging Study Identifies 'Brain Signature' For Cigarette Cravings - also here
  3. December 20, 2007 - Twins study shows genetic basis for face and place recognition
  4. December 21, 2007 - Scientists identify brain abnormalities underlying key element of borderline personality disorder
  5. December 22, 2007 - Twin Study Indicates Genetic Basis For Processing Faces, Places - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Neanderthals sewed too little, too late
Background


Autophagy and phagocytosis

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Link Between Cellular Defense Processes Found, Showing How Cancer Cells Survive - also here
Background, Background


GABA and learning

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Fruit Flies Learn and Remember Better When Lacking One Receptor
Background, Background


Plasmid segregation and antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - DNA-protein Complex Crucial To Spread Of Antibiotic Resistance Among Bacteria Solved - also here
Background, Background


Regulation of Wnt

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Certain diseases, birth defects may be linked to failure of protein recycling system - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Topoisomerase II

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - First Look at an Enzyme Target for Antibacterial and Cancer Drugs
Background, Background, Background


Anti-retrovirus genes

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Gene Neighbors May Have Taken Turns Battling Retroviruses - also here
Background, Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Cancer stem cells: know thine enemy - also here, here
Background, Background


Co-operative breeding

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - A helping hand from the grandparents
Background


Dynamic connectivity of olfactory neurons

References:
  1. December 22, 2007 - Neuronal Circuits Able To Rewire On The Fly To Sharpen Senses
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. December 23, 2007 - Researchers get embryonic stem cells from skin
Background



Health and medicine


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - H5N1 bird flu hits Benin, home of Voodoo ritual
  2. December 17, 2007 - WHO Urges Vigilance As Bird Flu Spreads - also here
  3. December 17, 2007 - Large bird flu cluster emerges
  4. December 18, 2007 - WHO probes Pakistan's first bird flu death
  5. December 18, 2007 - Indonesia says long battle ahead against bird flu
  6. December 18, 2007 - Mixed scenario seen behind Pakistan birdflu spread
  7. December 18, 2007 - Pakistanis, WHO check if bird flu passed by people
  8. December 19, 2007 - Pakistan says no threat of bird flu pandemic
  9. December 21, 2007 - WHO says only limited human H5N1 spread in Pakistan
  10. December 23, 2007 - Jordan on alert for bird flu
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Older antibiotic might speed TB treatment
  2. December 20, 2007 - Older Antibiotic Gains New Respect As Potent Treatment For Tuberculosis - also here, here
  3. December 21, 2007 - Researcher seeks clues to how tuberculosis infects cells
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Arimidex most effective in breast cancer study
  2. December 17, 2007 - HER-2-positive breast cancer tied to hormone status
  3. December 17, 2007 - Combo therapy with Tykerb fights brain metastases
  4. December 17, 2007 - Survival Shortened When ER/PR Negative Breast Cancer Spreads To The Brain, Studies Show
  5. December 18, 2007 - Biomarkers in blood aid lung cancer diagnosis
  6. December 18, 2007 - Do everyday foods influence risk of prostate cancer?
  7. December 18, 2007 - Lung cancer 'link to lack of sun'
  8. December 19, 2007 - Depression might influence breast cancer risk
  9. December 19, 2007 - High dairy in childhood linked with cancer risk
  10. December 19, 2007 - Device can spot cancer cells in blood: U.S. study
  11. December 19, 2007 - Green tea may cut prostate cancer risk: Japan study
  12. December 19, 2007 - Microchip-based Device Can Detect Rare Tumor Cells In Bloodstream - also here
  13. December 19, 2007 - What Factors Are Associated With Survival In Advanced Laryngeal Cancer? - also here
  14. December 19, 2007 - A Faster, Simpler Test For Disease Biomarkers - also here
  15. December 19, 2007 - Firefly genes allow testing of new therapy against lymphoma
  16. December 20, 2007 - Anti-malarial Drug Prevents Cancer In Mice, Study Shows - also here
  17. December 20, 2007 - Researchers Train The Immune System To Deliver Virus That Destroys Cancer In Lab Models - also here
  18. December 20, 2007 - iNOS expression may links chronic biliary inflammation to malignant transformation
  19. December 21, 2007 - Allergies may protect against pancreatic cancer
  20. December 21, 2007 - Light powered platinum more targeted and 80 times more powerful than similar cancer treatments - also here, here
  21. December 21, 2007 - Hormone may be new drug target for preventing lymphedema, tumor spread
  22. December 22, 2007 - Immune cells to fight leukemia
  23. December 23, 2007 - Lack Of Sunlight May Increase Lung Cancer Risk
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Walking packs huge health punch, study confirms
  2. December 19, 2007 - Moderate Exercise Cuts Rate Of Metabolic Syndrome - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Novartis's Galvus gets positive EU opinion
  2. December 19, 2007 - Cancer and arthritis therapy may be promising treatment for diabetes - also here
  3. December 21, 2007 - Diabetes risk is more nurture than nature: study
Background


Crohn's disease

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Crohn's disease different in boys than in girls
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Some psoriasis linked to higher death rates: study
  2. December 17, 2007 - Severe Psoriasis Associated With Increased Risk Of Death - also here
Background


Sleep and obesity

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Short Sleep Times In Patients With Chronic Medical Diagnoses Linked To Obesity
Background, Background


Low-carbohydrate diets

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Researchers Nix Low-carb Diet
Background


Muscular dystrophy and RNA splicing defects

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Surprising findings related to myotonic muscular dystrophy reported
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Approval for once-a-day HIV pill
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 17, 2007 - Study: Timing of Pills Might Matter - also here
  2. December 18, 2007 - Treatment With SN Reduces Injury To The Brain Following Stroke, Study Suggests
  3. December 18, 2007 - New Strategy To Cut Heart Attack Risk Is Effective In Initial Test - also here, here
  4. December 18, 2007 - Cardiology: Stressed-out Hearts Put MEF2D To Work
  5. December 18, 2007 - FDA approves a new beta blocker
  6. December 19, 2007 - Mutant gene identified as villain in hardening of the arteries - also here
  7. December 19, 2007 - High-Fat, High-Carb Meal More Destructive to the Obese
  8. December 19, 2007 - Heart attack risk from smoking due to genetics
  9. December 21, 2007 - Researchers reveal missing link in a heart disease pathway - also here
  10. December 21, 2007 - New insights into deadly heart rhythm disorder - also here
  11. December 21, 2007 - Top 10 research advances include studies on genetics and stem cell research, stents
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 18, 2007 - Boy develops leukemia after gene therapy in UK
  2. December 18, 2007 - 'Bubble boy' develops leukaemia
  3. December 20, 2007 - New Gene Therapy Heals Growth Deficiency Disorder In Live Animal
Background


Fragile X syndrome

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Gene engineering corrects Fragile X in mice
  2. December 19, 2007 - Fragile X fixed in mice
  3. December 20, 2007 - Fragile X syndrome partly cured in mice
  4. December 20, 2007 - Inherited Retardation And Autism Corrected In Mice - also here
  5. December 20, 2007 - Fragile X retardation syndrome corrected in mice
  6. December 20, 2007 - Genetic fix 'corrects fragile X'
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - "Virgin" birth stem cells may offer tissue bank
  2. December 20, 2007 - New Way To Sort Stem Cells Discovered - also here, here
  3. December 21, 2007 - Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Created That Avoid Immune Rejection - also here
Background


Ulcerative colitis

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Discontinued drug helps ulcerative colitis
Background


Engineered blood vessels

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Engineering Blood Vessels That Could Be Used In Human Body - also here, here
  2. December 26, 2007 - Artificial blood vessels 'closer'
Background, Background


Inflammatory diseases

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - New Genetic Variation That Affects A Child's Risk Of Getting Kawasaki Disease Discovered
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Consumer Demand For Antioxidants Has Outpaced Scientific Knowledge
Background


RNAi therapy

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - RNA interference therapy heals growth deficiency disorder in a live animal
Background, Background


Vascular dementia

References:
  1. December 19, 2007 - Moderate exercise may stall vascular dementia
Background


Obesity and RNA splicing differences

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Link Uncovered Between Variation In Humans With Extreme Body Mass And Abnormal Splicing - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. December 20, 2007 - Sea Cucumber Protein Used To Inhibit Development Of Malaria Parasite - also here, here, here, here
  2. December 21, 2007 - Breakthrough In Rapid Malaria Detection Reported - also here, here
  3. December 21, 2007 - Researchers have evidence a vaccine against malaria will reduce infection and disease rates
  4. December 23, 2007 - Sea cucumber 'new malaria weapon'
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Depletion Of One Antioxidant Linked To Parkinson's In Mice
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids and depression

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Can Omega-3 Fatty Acids Help Depression?
Background, Background


Vitamin B12 and folate

References:
  1. December 21, 2007 - Vitamin B-12 Function May Be Diminished By Excessive Folate - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle cancer detection

References:
  1. December 23, 2007 - Gold nanoparticle probes may allow earlier cancer detection
Background, Background


Myasthenia gravis

References:
  1. December 23, 2007 - How Muscle Weakness Caused By Myasthenia Gravis Can Be Stopped, According To New Research - also here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved