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Volume 7, Number 27
July 7, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Spin injector stoichiometry
Joint Dark Energy Mission
Fuel cells
Gravity and Extreme Magnetism mission
Quantum cryptography
Nanotechnology
Quantum collapse
Solar cells
Plastic electronics
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
Quantum dots
Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope
Nanowire-based digital storage
Cosmic strings
Large Hadron Collider
Global warming
Tests of general relativity
Lab-on-a-chip
Branes and qubits
Vindhyan Basins
Earthquakes
Carbon nanotubes
Supernovae
Neutrino astronomy
Plate tectonics
Astrochemistry
Ocean acidification

Life sciences

Zinc-finger control of gene expression
Syntax of non-verbal communication
Brain anatomy
Emotions and decision making
DNA repair in extremophiles
Proteins related to female and calorie-restricted longevity
Language acquisition
Mitosis
Macaques and number sense
Genome sequencing
Visual information processing
Biological nanotubes
DNA microarray readout
Herpes virus
Origins of life
Protein interactions
Sirtuins
Homo erectus
Regulation of bone and fat production
Cancer biology
Choanoflagellates
Evolutionary origins of epigenetic imprinting
Bioinformatics
Mitochondrial ATP/ADP carrier
Imagination and visual perception
Synthetic enzymes
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Statins and glial progenitor cells
RNA interaction with gene promoters

Health and medicine

Cholesterol and memory
Cancer
Metabolic syndrome
Tuberculosis
Alzheimer's disease
Hypertension, insulin resistance, and proteases
Rheumatoid arthritis
Nanobiotechnology
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Cytokines, IgE, and allergies
Multiple sclerosis
AIDS
Diabetes
Stem cells
Cardiovascular disease
Autism
Schizophrenia
Avian flu
Relaxation response and gene expression
Lupus
Antibiotics
Dementia
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Resveratrol
SIDS and serotonin
Health benefits of polyphenols
Cognitive benefits of nutritional components
Parasite vaccines
Yersinia pestis infection
Calorie restriction



Physical sciences and technology


Spin injector stoichiometry

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Could better spin injection lead to a quantum information device?
Background


Joint Dark Energy Mission

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Can the US get Beyond Einstein?
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Oxygen Ions For Fuel Cells Get Loose At Low(er) Temperatures - also here
Background


Gravity and Extreme Magnetism mission

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Proposed NASA Mission Could Explore Twisted Space Around Black Holes
Background, Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - An oblivious transfer protocol for quantum cryptography
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Gold, DNA Combination May Lead To Nano-Sensor
Background


Quantum collapse

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Reincarnation can save Schrödinger's cat
Background, Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - New Efficiency Benchmark For Dye-sensitized Solar Cells - also here
Background


Plastic electronics

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Plastic Electronics Have A Bright Future In Flexible Laptops - also here
Background


Extreme ultraviolet lithography

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Exposing The Sensitivity Of Extreme Ultraviolet Photoresists
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - New Insights Into Quantum Mechanics: Unlocking Mysteries Of 'Blinking' Phenomena Of Fluorescent Molecules - also here, here
Background


Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - GLAST mission operations at NASA Goddard powered up
  2. July 2, 2008 - Gamma-Ray Hunter Powers Up
Background


Nanowire-based digital storage

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - New Nanowire-Based Memory Could Beef Up Information Storage
Background


Cosmic strings

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Survey of distant galaxies sets limit on cosmic strings
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - As LHC Draws Nigh, Nobelists Outline Dreams
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Hot future shock: Heat wave temperatures to soar - also here
  2. July 6, 2008 - Australian climate report like 'disaster novel': minister
Background


Tests of general relativity

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - In Unique Stellar Laboratory, Einstein's Theory Passes Strict, New Test - also here, here
  2. July 3, 2008 - Pulsar's wobble provides new Einstein test
  3. July 3, 2008 - Right Again, Einstein
  4. July 4, 2008 - Einstein Was Right, Astrophysicists Say - also here
  5. July 8, 2008 - Two tests use cosmic laboratories to question if the laws of physics are universal
Background, Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Disease-detecting Lab In The Palm Of Your Hand - also here
Background


Branes and qubits

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Qubits and Branes Share Surprising Features
Background, Background, Background


Vindhyan Basins

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Geologists push back date basins formed, supporting frozen Earth theory - also here, here here here
  2. July 10, 2008 - Ancient Indian basin beat the cold
  3. July 11, 2008 - India Basins Half a Billion Years Older Than Thought
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. July 4, 2008 - China Earthquake Rare And Unexpected, Says New Study - also here, here
  2. July 6, 2008 - Geologists study China earthquake for glimpse into future - also here, here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 4, 2008 - Engineers show nanotube circuits can be made en masse
  2. July 4, 2008 - Nanotubes get sorted
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. July 5, 2008 - Fresh puzzle over dark energy supernovae
Background


Neutrino astronomy

References:
  1. July 5, 2008 - First Underwater Neutrino Telescope Has Been Constructed
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - Pac-Man supercontinent ate itself to pieces
Background, Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - Mining For Molecules In The Milky Way
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - Acidifying Oceans Add Urgency To Carbon Dioxide Cuts - also here
Background



Life sciences


Zinc-finger control of gene expression

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - HIV 'locked out' of sabotaged cells
  2. June 30, 2008 - Zinc Finger Proteins Put Personalized HIV Therapy Within Reach - also here, here
  3. June 30, 2008 - Designer protein tackles HIV
  4. July 2, 2008 - A unique gene therapy technique could make immune cells resistant to HIV
Background, Background


Syntax of non-verbal communication

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Charades reveals a universal sentence structure
  2. June 30, 2008 - People may perceive a natural order to events that helps to organize language
  3. June 30, 2008 - When using gestures, rules of grammar remain the same - also here
Background


Brain anatomy

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - New look suggests brain's anatomy determines its activity
  2. July 1, 2008 - Brain's neuronal nexus mapped
  3. July 1, 2008 - Brain's "Core" Revealed by First Hi-Res Wiring Map
  4. July 1, 2008 - New Map IDs The Core Of The Human Brain - also here
Background


Emotions and decision making

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Using Mental Strategies Can Alter The Brain's Reward Circuitry - also here
Background


DNA repair in extremophiles

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Bacteria In Extremely Hostile Environments: New Protein Discovered That Repairs DNA Under Extreme Conditions
Background


Proteins related to female and calorie-restricted longevity

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Proteins Could Relate To Increased Longevity In Women - also here
  2. July 7, 2008 - Study homes in on proteins that may affect longevity
Background


Language acquisition

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - How Does Language Exist In The Brain?
Background


Mitosis

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Dividing cells find their middle by following a protein 'contour map'
  2. July 4, 2008 - Death, Division Or Cancer? Newly Discovered Checkpoint Process Holds The Line In Cell Division - also here
  3. July 5, 2008 - Puzzle In The Control Of Cell Division Unraveled - also here
Background


Macaques and number sense

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Counting monkeys tick off yet another 'human' ability
Background


Genome sequencing

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Equivalent Of 300 Human Genomes Sequenced In Just Over Six Months By Wellcome Trust - also here
Background


Visual information processing

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Neuronal Correlates Of The Set-size Effect In Monkey Lateral Intraparietal Area - also here
Background


Biological nanotubes

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Nanotubes Could Help Study Retrovirus Transmission Between Human Cells
Background


DNA microarray readout

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - New Electrostatic-based DNA Microarray Technique Could Revolutionize Medical Diagnostics - also here, here
Background


Herpes virus

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - No place to hide for herpes virus
  2. July 2, 2008 - Cold sore virus secret revealed
  3. July 5, 2008 - How Cold Sore Virus Hides During Inactive Phase - also here
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Did newborn Earth harbour life?
  2. July 2, 2008 - Microdiamonds may hold signs of ancient life on Earth
  3. July 2, 2008 - Diamonds hint at 'earliest life'
  4. July 4, 2008 - Carbon specks push back origins of life
  5. July 8, 2008 - Simple Life Form May Have Existed 700 Million Years Earlier Than Previously Thought
  6. July 11, 2008 - Ancient diamonds push back age of life
Background


Protein interactions

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Key Mechanisms For Affinity Between Transient Binding Proteins
Background


Sirtuins

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Life-extending Protein Can Also Have Damaging Effects On Brain Cells - also here
Background


Homo erectus

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Newcomer In Early Eurafrican Population?
Background


Regulation of bone and fat production

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Small Protein May Have Big Role In Making More Bone And Less Fat - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Cancer Cells Revert To Normal At Specific Signal Threshold, Researchers Find - also here
  2. July 2, 2008 - Researcher using computers to hone cancer-fighting strategies
  3. July 3, 2008 - Researchers identify tumor suppressor that manages cellular cleaning and recycling proceses - also here
  4. July 5, 2008 - Breast Cancer: How Tumor Cells Break Free And Form Metastases - also here
Background


Choanoflagellates

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - New Evidence That Ancient Choanoflagellates' Form Evolutionary Link Between Single-celled And Multi-celled Organisms - also here, here
Background


Evolutionary origins of epigenetic imprinting

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Evolutionary Origin Of Mammalian Gene Regulation Is Over 150 Million Years Old
  2. July 15, 2008 - Marsupials And Humans Share Same Genetic Imprinting That Evolved 150 Million Years Ago - also here
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - New Tool Developed To Study Genes - also here
  2. July 5, 2008 - Healthy Or Diseased? Analysis Of Body's Metabolism Sheds New Light On The Question
  3. July 5, 2008 - Undergraduates Forge New Area Of Bioinformatics
Background


Mitochondrial ATP/ADP carrier

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Researchers Are First To Simulate The Binding Of Molecules To A Protein - also here
Background


Imagination and visual perception

References:
  1. July 4, 2008 - 'Mind's Eye' Influences Visual Perception - also here
Background


Synthetic enzymes

References:
  1. July 4, 2008 - Synthetic Molecules Emulate Enzyme Behavior For The First Time - also here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - New Technique Produces Genetically Identical Stem Cells - also here, here
Background


Statins and glial progenitor cells

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - Statins Have Unexpected Effect On Pool Of Powerful Brain Cells - also here, here
Background


RNA interaction with gene promoters

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - Researchers identify new targets for RNAs that regulate genes - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Cholesterol and memory

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - "Good" cholesterol may protect memory, study finds
  2. June 30, 2008 - 'Good' cholesterol dementia risk
  3. July 1, 2008 - Good cholesterol may prevent memory loss
  4. July 1, 2008 - 'Good' cholesterol aids ageing memory
  5. July 1, 2008 - Low Levels Of Good Cholesterol Linked To Memory Loss, Dementia Risk - also here
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - New breast imaging technique seen promising
  2. June 30, 2008 - 3-D mammograms, cameras may improve breast exams
  3. July 1, 2008 - Smokeless tobacco ups oral cancer risk 80 percent: WHO
  4. July 1, 2008 - Study shows how broccoli fights cancer
  5. July 1, 2008 - Cells in blood may help cancers spread
  6. July 1, 2008 - New targeted treatment promising in breast cancer
  7. July 1, 2008 - Sunburn Alert: UVB Does More Damage To DNA Than UVA - also here, here
  8. July 2, 2008 - Tumor-starving pill helps thyroid cancer: study
  9. July 2, 2008 - Doctors extract cancer cells from blood sample
  10. July 2, 2008 - High fat diet may abet prostate cancer progression
  11. July 2, 2008 - Blood test can monitor cancer spread
  12. July 2, 2008 - New Way To Predict Prostate Cancer Spreading
  13. July 2, 2008 - Eating Broccoli May Keep Prostate Cancer Away, Study Suggests - also here
  14. July 2, 2008 - Possible link found between diagnostic radiation and prostate cancer
  15. July 2, 2008 - New study shows how broccoli helps reduce cancer risk
  16. July 2, 2008 - Mediterranean diet 'cuts cancer'
  17. July 3, 2008 - Discovery Of Gene Mechanism Could Bring About New Ways To Treat Metastatic Cancer - also here
  18. July 4, 2008 - Circulating Tumor Cells Can Reveal Genetic Signature Of Dangerous Lung Cancers - also here
  19. July 6, 2008 - Blood Vessel Inhibitor Shows Promise Against Metastatic Thyroid Cancer - also here
  20. July 6, 2008 - Counting tumor cells in blood predicts treatment benefit in prostate cancer - also here, here
  21. July 6, 2008 - New treatment approach promising for lymphoma patients in the developing world - also here, here
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Fatty liver in kids tied to metabolic syndrome
Background, Background, Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - New drug-resistance test gives hope to TB fight
  2. June 30, 2008 - WHO Panel Recommends Single, Simple Test For New TB Vaccine Trials
  3. June 30, 2008 - Rapid test for drug resistant TB
  4. July 1, 2008 - TB Outbreaks Can Be Predicted Based On The First Two Cases, Study Shows - also here, here
  5. July 1, 2008 - Faster TB test may prevent its spread
  6. July 4, 2008 - Potential treatment for TB solves puzzle - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Myriad Genetics to stop developing Alzheimer's drug
  2. July 1, 2008 - Grape seed extract may fight Alzheimer's
  3. July 2, 2008 - Alzheimer's less likely for men over 90 than women
  4. July 3, 2008 - Brain 'trick' Offers Treatment Hope For Alzheimer's
  5. July 6, 2008 - Calpain Inhibitors Never Forget: Improving Memory In Alzheimer's Disease Mice
Background


Hypertension, insulin resistance, and proteases

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Single Mechanism For Hypertension, Insulin Resistance And Immune Suppression - also here, here
Background, Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Heavy Birthweight Increases Risk Of Developing Rheumatoid Arthritis - also here, here
  2. June 30, 2008 - Heavy birthweight babies twice as likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - New Oral Angiogenesis Inhibitor Offers Potential Nontoxic Therapy For A Wide Range Of Cancers - also here
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - More severe bone infections, health complications in children linked to MRSA, researchers find
  2. July 3, 2008 - Being An MRSA Carrier Increases Risk Of Infection And Death - also here
  3. July 3, 2008 - Staph infections carry long-term risks
Background


Cytokines, IgE, and allergies

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Silencing of molecular 'conversation' may help curb severe allergies
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. June 30, 2008 - Wake up and smell the coffee: Study finds that caffeine may help prevent MS
  2. June 30, 2008 - Caffeine 'could help prevent MS'
  3. July 2, 2008 - Best treatment for MS may depend on disease subtype - also here, here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - A comprehensive study quantifies a dramatic increase in survival chances over the past decade
  2. July 1, 2008 - Antiretroviral Therapy As HIV Prevention Strategy - also here
  3. July 3, 2008 - Since Introduction Of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, HIV Death Rate Has Decreased - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Dietary Adherence Associated With Better Glucose Control In Children With Type 1 Diabetes
  2. July 3, 2008 - New Discovery A Step Towards Better Diabetes Treatment - also here
  3. July 4, 2008 - Heart failure outcomes worse in diabetics: study
  4. July 4, 2008 - New Therapeutic Options For Diabetes-related Tissue Injury
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Adult Stem Cells Reprogrammed In Their Natural Environment - also here
  2. July 3, 2008 - Gene Directs Stem Cells To Build The Heart - also here
  3. July 5, 2008 - Bone Marrow Alternative: Stem Cells From Umbilical Cord May Be Used To Treat Hepatic Diseases
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Fatty Liver Disease May Raise Heart Disease Risk In Overweight, Obese Kids
  2. July 1, 2008 - Can children have strokes?
  3. July 2, 2008 - Green tea protects against heart disease: study
  4. July 2, 2008 - Vasopressin offers no benefit in cardiac arrest
  5. July 3, 2008 - Benefits Of Green Tea In Reducing An Important Risk Factor For Heart Disease - also here, here
  6. July 3, 2008 - Gender Differences And Heart Disease - also here, here
  7. July 4, 2008 - Invasive Treatment Appears Beneficial For Men And High-risk Women With Certain Coronary Syndromes
  8. July 5, 2008 - Depression Ups Risk Of Complications Following Heart Attack, Study Suggests
  9. July 5, 2008 - Coronary Arterial Calcium Scans Help Detect Overall Death Risk In The Elderly - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. July 1, 2008 - Researchers Link Early Stem Cell Mutation To Autism - also here, here
  2. July 1, 2008 - MicroRNAs Provide New Insight in Study of Autism
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Violence Declines With Medication Use In Some With Schizophrenia - also here, here
  2. July 3, 2008 - Antipsychotics curb violence in some schizophrenics
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - New DNA Weapon Against Avian Flu Identified - also here, here
  2. July 2, 2008 - Researchers identify potential new drug candidates to combat 'bird flu' - also here
Background


Relaxation response and gene expression

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Yoga And Meditation Change Gene Response To Stress
  2. July 2, 2008 - Relaxation Practices Alter Gene Expression
  3. July 3, 2008 - Relaxation Response Can Influence Expression Of Stress-related Genes - also here, here
Background, Background


Lupus

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - 'Multi-target' immune therapy improves outcomes of severe lupus nephritis - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Newly identified enzyme treats deadly bacterial infections in mice - also here
  2. July 3, 2008 - New antibiotic beats superbugs at their own game - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. July 2, 2008 - Oldest women hit hard by dementia
  2. July 4, 2008 - Tofu 'may raise risk of dementia'
  3. July 5, 2008 - Women Over 90 More Likely To Have Dementia Than Men - also here
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Omega-3 fatty acid may stop repeat stroke
Background


Resveratrol

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Red wine gives up secrets
  2. July 3, 2008 - Wine chemical improves health but not longevity
  3. July 3, 2008 - Resveratrol helps hearts in mice, but doesn't reproduce all the benefits of low-calorie diets
  4. July 3, 2008 - Red wine ingredient wards off effects of age on heart, bones, eyes and muscle - also here
  5. July 3, 2008 - Resveratrol found to improve health, but not longevity in aging mice on standard diet - also here, here
Background


SIDS and serotonin

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Brain chemical may have role in cot death
  2. July 3, 2008 - Brain chemical implicated in sporadic changes and death in mice similar to SIDS-symptoms
  3. July 3, 2008 - Scientists develop a mouse model of sudden infant death syndrome - also here
  4. July 3, 2008 - Haywire brain chemical linked to sudden baby death
  5. July 3, 2008 - A chance observation may help explain why some babies die unexpectedly
  6. July 4, 2008 - Chance discovery sheds light on SIDS
  7. July 4, 2008 - New insight into SIDS
  8. July 4, 2008 - Brain imbalance 'cot death key'
Background


Health benefits of polyphenols

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Tummy's Taste For Red Wine With Red Meat - also here
Background


Cognitive benefits of nutritional components

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Get Smart About What You Eat And You Might Actually Improve Your Intelligence - also here
Background


Parasite vaccines

References:
  1. July 3, 2008 - Parasite vaccines within reach
Background


Yersinia pestis infection

References:
  1. July 4, 2008 - Mimic molecules to protect against plague - also here
Background


Calorie restriction

References:
  1. July 6, 2008 - Looking For The Founatain Of Youth? Cut Your Calories, Research Suggests - also here
Background, Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved