Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 7, Number 30
July 28, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Carbon nanotubes
Global warming
Graphene
Superconductivity
Extrasolar planets
Astrochemistry
Large Hadron Collider
Physics beyond the standard model
Novae
Star formation around black holes
Black holes and quasars
Nanotechnology
Earthquakes
Very early galaxies
Supernovae and gamma-ray bursts
Dark energy
Hydrogen production
Metamaterials
Tectonic activity and atmospheric oxygenation
Qubits
Neutron electric dipole moment
Lab-on-a-chip
Millicharged fermions
Simulation of quantum phenomena

Life sciences

Biology wikis
Cell depth and cancer
Altruism and diversity
Neuron vesicles
Multi-sensory illusions
Computational linguistics
Cancer biology
Sea floor archaea
Wnt and immune response
Human endogenous retrovirus
Oxytocin and social anxiety
Attention
HMGB1, DNA repair, and cancer
Amazon speciation and climate change
SIRT1, metabolism, and circadian rhythm
Human cytomegalovirus and the immune system
Glia
Sex, lifespan, and C. elegans
Reactive oxygen species, aging, and disease
Extremophiles
Language and number concepts
Neanderthals
Systems biology
DNA repair
Biofilms
Aging and sleep
Accuracy of protein production

Health and medicine

Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Diabetes
Autism
Multiple sclerosis
Alzheimer's disease
Antibiotic resistance
NF1 and learning disabilities
AIDS
Depression
Rheumatoid arthritis
Anxiety and D-cycloserine
Inflammation
Stem cells
Parkinson's disease
The spleen, inflammation, and TNF
Nanobiotechnology
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Zinc-finger nucleases
Metabolic syndrome
Fructose and weight loss
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Celiac disease
The complement system and AMD
Influenza
Obesity



Physical sciences and technology


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Nanotube 'springboard' weighs clinging atoms
  2. July 21, 2008 - Nanotube cantilever weighs up
  3. July 23, 2008 - Artificial Lotus Effect: Carbon nanotubes with nanoscopic paraffin coating form superhydrophobic, self-cleaning surfaces
  4. July 24, 2008 - 'Nanonet' circuits closer to making flexible electronics reality - also here, here
  5. July 29, 2008 - Nanoscale Mass Sensor Can Be Used To Weigh Individual Atoms And Molecules - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Massive Greenhouse Gases May Be Released As Destruction, Drying Of World Wetlands Worsen - also here
  2. July 21, 2008 - NOAA: Eighth Warmest June On Record For Globe
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - First STM spectroscopy of graphene flakes yields new surprises - also here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Physicists shed light on key superconductivity riddle
  2. July 22, 2008 - Exotic Materials Using Neptunium, Plutonium Provide Insight Into Superconductivity - also here, here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Solar Systems Like Ours May Be Rare
  2. July 24, 2008 - European Team Discovers New Alien World
  3. July 25, 2008 - Planet and star in puzzling waltz
  4. July 25, 2008 - Exoplanet Orbiting Sun-like Star Discovered - also here, here
  5. July 25, 2008 - A new era in search for 'sister Earths'?
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - A Galactic Dead Zone
  2. July 22, 2008 - Spitzer Reveals 'No Organics' Zone Around Pinwheel Galaxy - also here
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Physicists brace themselves for LHC 'data avalanche'
Background


Physics beyond the standard model

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - A 'New Dimension' at the LHC
Background


Novae

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - The Exploding Star That Everyone Missed
  2. July 24, 2008 - Watching a 'New Star' Make the Universe Dusty - also here
Background


Star formation around black holes

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Stellar nursery found near Milky Way's violent heart
Background


Black holes and quasars

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Black holes dine on hot gassy pancakes
  2. July 24, 2008 - Astronomers See Disks Surrounding Black Holes, Strengthened Evidence For Current Explanation Of Quasars - also here, here
  3. July 25, 2008 - Accretion Discs Show Their True Colours
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Molecular Hula Hoop Nanorotor
  2. July 25, 2008 - Researchers demonstrate a flexible, 1-step assembly of nanoscale structures - also here, here
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Chinese Earthquake Provides Lessons For Future - also here, here
Background


Very early galaxies

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Largest Sample Of Very Distant Galaxies Ever Seen Provide New Insights Into Early Universe - also here, here, here
Background, Background


Supernovae and gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Explosive Star Doesn't Fit the Mold
  2. July 24, 2008 - Supernova Caught Red-Handed Seen as Missing Link
  3. July 25, 2008 - Object Intermediate Between Normal Supernovae And Gamma-ray Bursts Found - also here, here
Background, Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Motion of exploding stars could shed light on dark energy
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Enzyme structure reveals key ingredients for making hydrogen
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Bending light the key to 'invisibilty'
Background


Tectonic activity and atmospheric oxygenation

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Colliding continents may have oxygenated the Earth
  2. July 27, 2008 - Did eroding supermountains give us the air we breathe?
  3. July 28, 2008 - Mountain building boosts oxygen
  4. July 29, 2008 - Take a Deep Breath--and Thank Mount Everest
Background


Qubits

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Quantum Physics: Disentangling Strange Behavior Of Qubits
Background


Neutron electric dipole moment

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Tracking Down Origin Of Matter And Antimatter - also here
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Make your own microfluidic device with new kit - also here, here
Background


Millicharged fermions

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Proposed Particle Help Explains Odd Galactic Photons
Background


Simulation of quantum phenomena

References:
  1. July 27, 2008 - Simulating the complexity of quantum physics would quickly overwhelm even the most advanced of today's computers
Background, Background



Life sciences


Biology wikis

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - WikiPathways Gives The People The Power To Curate - also here
  2. July 23, 2008 - Molecular biology gets wikified
Background


Cell depth and cancer

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - New Technique Gets To The Root Of Cancer
Background, Background


Altruism and diversity

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - How A Simple Mathematic Formula Is Starting To Explain The Bizarre Prevalence Of Altruism In Society
Background, Background


Neuron vesicles

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Understanding How Neurons Communicate May Help Treat Brain Disorders
Background


Multi-sensory illusions

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Scientists Create Touch-based Illusion: Mind Trick Yields New Insights On Perception
Background


Computational linguistics

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Intelligent Computational Model Of The Descriptive Grammar Of The Spanish Language
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Cancer Drug Resistance: Enzyme Expression Levels Correlated With Chemotherapy Drug Response - also here
  2. July 23, 2008 - Rare Mutant Cells Glimpsed: Imaging System May Help Understand Origins Of Cancer - also here, here
  3. July 25, 2008 - A new cellular pathway linked to cancer is identified by researchers - also here, here
  4. July 25, 2008 - Novel structure proteins could play a role in apoptosis - also here, here
Background


Sea floor archaea

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Microbes Beneath Sea Floor Genetically Distinct - also here, here
  2. July 22, 2008 - 90 Billion Tons Of Microbial Organisms Live In Deep Marine Subsurface: More Archaea Than Bacteria - also here, here
Background


Wnt and immune response

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Combating Age-related Immune-response Decline: Protein Found To Stimulate Production Of T-cells - also here
Background


Human endogenous retrovirus

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - New Evidence Of Battle Between Humans And Ancient Virus - also here, here
Background


Oxytocin and social anxiety

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Hormone Oxytocin May Inhibit Social Phobia
Background


Attention

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Age-old Magic Tricks Can Provide Clues For Modern Science - also here, here
Background


HMGB1, DNA repair, and cancer

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Once-suspect Protein Found To Promote DNA Repair, Prevent Cancer - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Amazon speciation and climate change

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Scientists find new clues to explain Amazonian biodiversity - also here, here
  2. July 23, 2008 - Study suggests past climate changes may have promoted the formation of new species in the Amazon
Background, Background


SIRT1, metabolism, and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Protein links metabolism and circadian rhythms
  2. July 25, 2008 - Circadian Rhythm-Metabolism Link Discovered - also here, here
  3. July 25, 2008 - Missing Link Found Between Circadian Clock And Metabolism
Background


Human cytomegalovirus and the immune system

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - How Viruses Evade The Immune System - also here
  2. July 25, 2008 - CMV infections affect more than just patients with compromised immune systems, researchers find
Background, Background


Glia

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Glia Guide Brain Development In Worms
Background


Sex, lifespan, and C. elegans

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Sex And Lifespan Linked In Worms - also here, here
  2. July 24, 2008 - Mate or hibernate? That's the question worm pheromones answer
  3. July 24, 2008 - Rethinking aging
  4. July 24, 2008 - Aging May Be Controlled by Brake and Accelerator Genes
  5. July 25, 2008 - Prevailing Theory Of Aging Challenged: Genetic Instructions Found To Drive Aging In Worms - also here
  6. July 26, 2008 - Aging may be caused by renegade genes, worm study finds
  7. August 1, 2008 - Dual-use Sexual Attraction And Population-control Chemicals Found In Nematodes - also here, here
  8. August 7, 2008 - Pheromones enhance sex, slow aging -- in worms
Background


Reactive oxygen species, aging, and disease

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Researchers unravel key mechanism of cellular damage in aging and disease - also here
Background, Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Unique Habitat Found Inside Earth
Background


Language and number concepts

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - People track precise quantities even when they can't count
Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Neanderthal genome well underway
Background


Systems biology

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Biology Enters 'The Matrix' Through New Computer Language - also here, here
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Broken DNA Must Find Right Partners Quickly Amid Repairs
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Bacteria Fight Back: Biofilms Use Chemical Weapons To Neutralize Or Kill Attacking Amoebae - also here, here
  2. July 28, 2008 - Social Lives of Bacteria May Yield Benefits for Humans
Background


Aging and sleep

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Older People May Need Less Sleep, Study Finds - also here
Background, Background


Accuracy of protein production

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Various Species' Genes Evolve To Minimize Protein Production Errors - also here, here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Abnormal sleep patterns in women linked to stroke
  2. July 21, 2008 - Vytorin fails to meet main goal of heart study
  3. July 21, 2008 - Sleep apnea may trigger nighttime heart attack
  4. July 21, 2008 - Guidelines Highlight Key Differences Between Child And Adult Stroke
  5. July 22, 2008 - Depression linked with first stroke in elderly
  6. July 23, 2008 - Heading Circulatory Disease Off At The Pass
  7. July 23, 2008 - Small Birth Size Linked To Changes In The Cardiovascular System That Predispose To Later Disease - also here, here
  8. July 23, 2008 - Birth weight 'sets future health'
  9. July 23, 2008 - Heart disease is linked to worse mental processes that, in turn, predict the onset of dementia - also here, here
  10. July 24, 2008 - Exercise Could Be The Heart's Fountain Of Youth - also here, here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - New pill helps shrink prostate tumors: study
  2. July 21, 2008 - Technology uses tobacco plants to fight cancer
  3. July 21, 2008 - Tobacco 'could help treat cancer'
  4. July 21, 2008 - "Pharmed" vaccine passes early test
  5. July 22, 2008 - Vaccine enhances cancer immune response
  6. July 22, 2008 - Plants Make Vaccine For Treating Type Of Cancer In Phase-1 Study - also here, here
  7. July 22, 2008 - Cancer centers and high-volume hospitals may examine more lymph nodes in cancer patients
  8. July 22, 2008 - Pond scum could be key to new cancer therapies
  9. July 22, 2008 - New breast cancer test under study
  10. July 22, 2008 - Drug for deadly prostate cancer
  11. July 22, 2008 - A Cancer Vaccine from Tobacco Plants
  12. July 23, 2008 - New drug prolongs survival of advanced kidney cancer
  13. July 23, 2008 - Checking More Lymph Nodes Linked To Cancer Patient Survival - also here, here
  14. July 24, 2008 - Does Too Much Sun Cause Melanoma? - also here, here
  15. July 24, 2008 - Head And Neck Cancer: Quick Way To Determine If Cancer Has Spread - also here
  16. July 24, 2008 - Gene Panel Predicts Lung Cancer Survival, Study Finds - also here, here
  17. July 25, 2008 - Breast cancer mortality increases with body mass index
  18. July 25, 2008 - Teamwork Cuts Out Unnecessary Biopsies, Researchers Find - also here
  19. July 25, 2008 - No Need For Gene Screens In Breast Cancer Families, Study Shows - also here, here
  20. July 25, 2008 - Advanced Liver Cancer Patients Live Longer By Taking Anti-cancer Drug Sorafenib - also here
  21. July 25, 2008 - Plasma DNA level is a reliable marker of recurrent esophageal cancer, study finds
  22. July 25, 2008 - Hip Bone Density Helps Predict Breast Cancer Risk - also here, here
  23. July 26, 2008 - Target-seeking Antibodies For Cancer Therapy
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Gum disease tied to diabetes risk
  2. July 26, 2008 - Researchers develop vision test that can detect diabetes
Background


Autism

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Human-frog hybrids reveal autism's secrets
  2. July 24, 2008 - Autism's Social Struggles Due To Disrupted Communication Networks In Brain - also here, here
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Can Cannabis Compounds Slow The Progression Of Multiple Sclerosis? - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Rapid Alzheimer's Improvement After New Immune-based Treatment - also here
  2. July 22, 2008 - Gene interacts with hormone to impair thinking
  3. July 23, 2008 - Memory Impairment Associated With Sound Processing Disorder - also here, here
  4. July 23, 2008 - Dementia patients' memory probed
  5. July 24, 2008 - Membrane model may unlock secrets of early-stage Alzheimer's - also here, here
  6. July 25, 2008 - Neurotherapeutics presents special issue on new treatments for Alzheimer's disease
  7. July 27, 2008 - Fitness protects brain in Alzheimer's patients
  8. July 27, 2008 - MRIs show promise for early Alzheimer's diagnosis
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Antibiotic Resistance: Blame It on Lifesaving Malaria Drug?
Background


NF1 and learning disabilities

References:
  1. July 21, 2008 - Statin Does Not Appear Helpful For Children With Learning Disabilities Caused By Genetic Disorder
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Parasitic worms may help fuel AIDS epidemic: study
  2. July 23, 2008 - Drug blocks the most resistant forms of the virus from replicating
  3. July 23, 2008 - Viral Recombination: Another Way HIV Fools The Immune System - also here, here
  4. July 24, 2008 - Meditation slows AIDS progression: study
  5. July 24, 2008 - Drugs add 13 years to average life of HIV patient
  6. July 24, 2008 - HIV drugs 'add 13 years of life'
  7. July 24, 2008 - Parasitic Worm Infections Increase Susceptibility To AIDS Viruses - also here, here
  8. July 24, 2008 - Fauci lays out HIV research plan
  9. July 24, 2008 - Officials: Search for HIV vaccine needs overhaul
  10. July 25, 2008 - Combo Therapy Adds Years to Lives of HIV Patients
  11. July 25, 2008 - Mindfulness meditation slows progression of HIV, study shows - also here, here
  12. July 25, 2008 - Researchers disprove long-standing belief about HIV treatment - also here, here
  13. July 25, 2008 - Anti-HIV therapy boosts life expectancy more than 13 years - also here, here
  14. July 27, 2008 - Parasitic worms may boost African HIV rates
Background


Depression

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Testing Multiple Medication Treatment of Depression
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis: New Guidelines Developed For Physicians - also here, here
Background


Anxiety and D-cycloserine

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - D-cycloserine May Improve Behavioral Therapy Treatment For Anxiety
Background


Inflammation

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Why Cannabis Stems Inflammation
  2. July 23, 2008 - Psychological factors do not affect inflammation
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Insulin-producing Cells Can Give Rise To Stem-like Cells In-vitro - also here
  2. July 22, 2008 - Spinal Cord Stem Cells Could Be Basis Of Nonsurgical Treatment For Spinal-cord Injuries - also here, here
  3. July 23, 2008 - Stem Cell Chicken And Egg Debate Moves To Unlikely Arena: The Testes - also here
  4. July 23, 2008 - Sugar study is sweetener for stem cell science
  5. July 24, 2008 - Want A Reason To Love Your Lower Belly Fat? It's Rich In Stem Cells - also here, here
  6. July 25, 2008 - Adult stem cells activated in mammalian brain - also here, here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Blood-related Genetic Mechanisms Found Important In Parkinson's Disease - also here, here
Background


The spleen, inflammation, and TNF

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - How The Immune System And Brain Communicate To Control Disease - also here, here
Background, Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 22, 2008 - Holey Nanoparticles Create New Tumor Imaging and Therapeutic Agent
  2. July 24, 2008 - Cancer Drug Delivery Time Cut From Days To Hours With New Technique - also here, here
  3. July 24, 2008 - Nanoparticles Detect Telomerase Activity
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. July 23, 2008 - Scientists suspect omega-3 fatty acids could slow acute wound healing - also here
Background


Zinc-finger nucleases

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Freely available tool aids genetic research and gene therapy
  2. July 24, 2008 - DNA "Scissors" Go Open Source
  3. July 24, 2008 - Consortium develops new method enabling routine targeted gene modification - also here
  4. July 25, 2008 - Consortium develops new method to manipulate genetic material - also here
Background, Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Regular Meals Reduce Risk Of Developing Metabolic Syndrome, Study Shows
Background, Background, Background


Fructose and weight loss

References:
  1. July 24, 2008 - Limiting fructose may boost weight loss, researcher reports - also here, here, here
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - MRSA carriers have persistent infection risk
Background


Celiac disease

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Gluten-free Diet Alone Is Enough To Get Bones Healthy In Pediatric Patients With Celiac Disease, Study Suggests
Background


The complement system and AMD

References:
  1. July 25, 2008 - Blindness In Old Age May Be Triggered By Hyperactive Immune Resistance - also here, here
Background


Influenza

References:
  1. July 27, 2008 - Experts try to block flu virus replication
  2. July 27, 2008 - A protein's structure reveals a target for new drugs
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. July 27, 2008 - Obesity gene 'affects appetite'
Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved