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Volume 7, Number 37
September 15, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Large Hadron Collider
Extrasolar planets
Forest absorption of CO2
Graphene
Water on Mars
Dark matter
Nanoscale plasmonics
Nanotechnology
Planetary system formation
Gamma-ray bursts
Global warming
Eta Carinae
Mass extinctions
Oceans and climate
Fullerenes
Grid computing
Earthquakes
Milky Way history
Modulation of single photon wavepackets
Quantum entanglement photodetection
Proton spin
Cosmological reionization epoch
Superconductivity
Supernovae
Planetary nebulae
Climate modeling
Knotted light

Life sciences

Erythropoeitin and memory
Gender differences in brain connections
Neanderthals
Human memory capacity
Synthetic protocells
Chimeric RNA and cancer
Bacterial cell walls
Cancer biology
Biofilms
Evolution of belligerence
Evolutionary psychology of superstition
Long-term memory
Brain-imaging studies
Visual object recognition
Axon guidance
Dopaminergic neurons
DNA translocation
Creative problem solving
Cancer stem cells
Cognitive control of emotions
Lipopolysaccharides and the immune system
Brain dimorphism and gender-specific behavior
Physical and conceptual search
Modeling of nutrients and biodiversity
Molecular evolution
Induced pluripotent stem cells

Health and medicine

Cancer
Obesity
Malaria
Stem cells
Gene therapy
Methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus
Health benefits of Mediterranean diet
Diabetes
Vitamin B12 and dementia
Cardiovascular disease
Hepatitis C
Alzheimer's disease
AIDS
Avian flu
Hepatitis B
Schizophrenia
Antibiotics
Metabolic syndrome
Alcohol and antioxidants
Prions
Mini antibodies
Nanobiotechnology
Tuberculosis
Antidepressants, prostaglandins, and cancer
Bispehnol A



Physical sciences and technology


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Scientists hope for surprises in Big Bang experiment
  2. September 8, 2008 - Protons make milestone trip through giant collider
  3. September 8, 2008 - Countdown starts in quest to pierce secrets of Universe
  4. September 9, 2008 - Mysteries of universe to be probed in giant project
  5. September 9, 2008 - Physicists flock to Geneva
  6. September 9, 2008 - Biggest Atom Smasher to Fire Up Wednesday
  7. September 9, 2008 - Scientists Await Start-up Of Large Hadron Collider - also here
  8. September 9, 2008 - University scientists, students contribute to world's biggest science experiment
  9. September 9, 2008 - Hot tips for the Big Bang
  10. September 9, 2008 - Scientists in Switzerland to do the monster smash
  11. September 10, 2008 - Big Bang experiment gets turned on
  12. September 10, 2008 - LHC switches on
  13. September 10, 2008 - Working LHC produces first images
  14. September 10, 2008 - Large Hadron Collider "Actually Worked"
  15. September 10, 2008 - Physicists Flip the Switch on World's Most Energetic Particle Smasher
  16. September 10, 2008 - Never mind the Higgs boson
  17. September 10, 2008 - Physicists Celebrate First Beam For Large Hadron Collider - also here
  18. September 10, 2008 - University Has Key Role In Large Hadron Collider Project - also here
  19. September 10, 2008 - First Beam For Large Hadron Collider, World's Mightiest Particle Accelerator - also here
  20. September 10, 2008 - First Beam For Large Hadron Collider - also here
  21. September 10, 2008 - Flawless start for world's mightiest particle collider
  22. September 10, 2008 - LHC milestone day gets off to fast start
  23. September 10, 2008 - Home run complete, LHC set to repeat it backwards
  24. September 10, 2008 - Mission complete for LHC team
  25. September 10, 2008 - 'Big Bang' experiment starts well
  26. September 10, 2008 - Scientists beaming after test of big atom smasher - also here
  27. September 10, 2008 - Successful test for Europe's Big Bang collider
  28. September 11, 2008 - Flawless start for Large Hadron Collider
  29. September 11, 2008 - To Leap Forward, Scientists Return to The Big Bang
  30. September 12, 2008 - Large Hadron Collider to Have "Practical" Spin-Offs?
  31. September 12, 2008 - University Awaits Data From World's Biggest Physics Experiment
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Astronomers find distant planetary dust-up
  2. September 9, 2008 - Presence Of Planets In Young Gas Discs Hinted At Using Clever New Astronomical Method - also here
  3. September 10, 2008 - Bigger telescopes needed to find aliens
  4. September 19, 2008 - Stardust evidence points to planet collision
Background


Forest absorption of CO2

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Scientists point to forests for carbon storage solutions - also here
  2. September 10, 2008 - Old forests capture plenty of carbon
  3. September 11, 2008 - Old-growth forests absorb CO2 too: study
  4. September 11, 2008 - Old-Growth Forests Help Combat Climate Change
  5. September 14, 2008 - Old Growth Forests Are Valuable Carbon Sinks - also here, here
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Could Graphene Replace Semiconductors?
  2. September 8, 2008 - STM cuts graphene to size
  3. September 14, 2008 - Closest Look Ever At Graphene: Stunning Images Of Individual Carbon Atoms From TEAM 0.5 Microscope
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Long Wet Periods Sculpted Ancient Mars
  2. September 9, 2008 - Valley Networks On Mars Formed During Long Period Of Episodic Flooding - also here, here
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Is dark matter a wimp or a champ?
Background


Nanoscale plasmonics

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Future nanoelectronics may face obstacles - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - New Research on Nanodiamond Materials
  2. September 12, 2008 - Nanoscopic Golden Rods - also here
Background


Planetary system formation

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Looking Back in Time: Solar Systems Under Construction
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Double-Barrel Blast
  2. September 10, 2008 - Huge star explosion aimed gamma ray burst at Earth
  3. September 10, 2008 - Brightest gamma-ray burst was aimed at Earth
  4. September 10, 2008 - A bit of luck helps astronomers detect the most luminous object ever recorded from Earth
  5. September 10, 2008 - A Bright Light Shining Upon Us
  6. September 10, 2008 - Scream of Black Hole's Birth Detected Halfway Across the Universe
  7. September 10, 2008 - Gamma-ray burst that was heading for Earth detected
  8. September 11, 2008 - Exploding star shoots gamma rays at earth
  9. September 11, 2008 - Brightest Gamma-ray Burst Provides Wealth Of Information On How Stars Explode - also here
  10. September 11, 2008 - Brightest stellar explosion heralds new type of long-distance astronomy - also here
  11. September 11, 2008 - Brightest Gamma-Ray Burst Packed a One-Two Punch
  12. September 12, 2008 - 'Naked-eye' gamma-ray burst was aimed squarely at Earth - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Melting ice caps could suck carbon from atmosphere
  2. September 11, 2008 - NASA study illustrates how global peak oil could impact climate - also here
  3. September 12, 2008 - Antarctic sea ice increases despite warming
  4. September 13, 2008 - Curbing Coal Emissions Alone Might Avert Climate Danger, Say Researchers - also here, here
Background


Eta Carinae

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - The 1840s outburst of the star Eta Carinae eludes classification
  2. September 10, 2008 - Mysterious Explosion Caused Massive Star to Brighten
  3. September 10, 2008 - Secret of Nearby Explosive Star Revealed
  4. September 11, 2008 - 1843 Stellar Eruption May Be New Type Of Star Explosion - also here, here
  5. September 12, 2008 - Eta Carinae: A Supermassive Showoff
Background


Mass extinctions

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Oxygen Theory Of Mass Extinction Questioned By New Research Findings
Background


Oceans and climate

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Climate: New Spin On Ocean's Role - also here
Background, Background


Fullerenes

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Carbon Molecule With A Charge Could Be Tomorrow's Semiconductor - also here, here
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Global computer network behind the Big Bang probe - also here
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - May 2008 Earthquake In China Could Be Followed By Another Significant Rupture - also here, here
  2. September 11, 2008 - Ocean mud potential cause of 'megaquakes'
  3. September 12, 2008 - China Quake No Stress Reliever
  4. September 15, 2008 - Another Huge Quake to Strike China Within 10 Years?
Background


Milky Way history

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - A 'Genetic Study' of the Galaxy
Background


Modulation of single photon wavepackets

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Using 'slow light' to modulate single photon wavepackets
Background


Quantum entanglement photodetection

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Quantum discovery could lead to better detectors - also here
Background, Background


Proton spin

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Moving Quarks Help Solve Proton Spin Puzzle - also here, here
Background


Cosmological reionization epoch

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - New Simulation Poised to Chart the Staggered, Scattered Cosmic Dawn
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Cold fermions could simulate superconductors
  2. September 12, 2008 - Faux Superconductors Pass a Key Milestone
  3. September 12, 2008 - Superconductivity can induce magnetism - also here, here
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Supernovae confirmed as universal yardsticks
Background


Planetary nebulae

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Halos Of Planetary Nebulae Revealed
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Ice core studies confirm accuracy of climate models - also here, here
Background


Knotted light

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Physicists hope to tie light beams in knots
Background



Life sciences


Erythropoeitin and memory

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Blood-boosting drug helps increase memory: study
  2. September 9, 2008 - Memory Enhanced By Sports-cheat Drug - also here
Background


Gender differences in brain connections

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Gender differences seen in brain connections
  2. September 8, 2008 - New brain study finds more synapses in men than in women
Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Did we out-breed slow-maturing Neanderthals?
  2. September 8, 2008 - Neanderthals Grew Fast, but Sexual Maturity Came Late
  3. September 9, 2008 - Childbirth Was Already Difficult For Neanderthals
Background


Human memory capacity

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Humans Have Astonishing Memories, Study Finds
  2. September 9, 2008 - Researchers find memory capacity much bigger than previously thought
Background


Synthetic protocells

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Biologists on the Verge of Creating New Form of Life
Background


Chimeric RNA and cancer

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Discovery Challenges Fundamental Tenet Of Cancer Biology
Background, Background


Bacterial cell walls

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - How Bacteria Recycle Their Cell Wall: New Insights - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Tumor Blood Vessel Cells Are Remarkably Atypical - also here
  2. September 10, 2008 - Researchers Identify Natural Tumor Suppressor - also here, here
  3. September 11, 2008 - Calculating How Breast Cancers Will Respond To Tamoxifen - also here
  4. September 12, 2008 - An Advance On New Generations Of Chemotherapy And Antiviral Drugs - also here
  5. September 13, 2008 - Early Stage Colon Cancer Characterized By Inactivation Of Gatekeeper Gene - also here
  6. September 14, 2008 - Researchers identify cancer-causing gene in many colon cancers - also here, here
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Rattlesnake-type Poisons Used By Superbug Bacteria To Beat Our Defenses - also here
Background


Evolution of belligerence

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - Tribal war drove human evolution of aggression
Background


Evolutionary psychology of superstition

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Superstitions evolved to help us survive
  2. September 17, 2008 - Evolution favours superstitious beliefs
  3. September 17, 2008 - Lucky for some: Science of superstition
Background


Long-term memory

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Protein Essential In Long Term Memory Consolidation Identified - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - New project explores neuroscience of 'positive qualities'
  2. September 11, 2008 - Why Delaying Gratification Is Smart - also here, here
  3. September 11, 2008 - Injured Brains 'Work Harder' To Perform At Same Level As Healthy People
  4. September 11, 2008 - The 'satellite navigation' in our brains - also here
  5. September 12, 2008 - Scientists Watch As Listener's Brain Predicts Speaker's Words - also here, here
  6. September 13, 2008 - Taxi drivers 'have brain sat-nav'
Background


Visual object recognition

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Study helps unlock secrets of how the brain sees
  2. September 11, 2008 - Time teaches us how to recognize visual objects - also here
  3. September 12, 2008 - Study helps unlock how the brain sees
Background


Axon guidance

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - A Second Career For A Growth Factor Receptor: Keeping Nerve Axons On Target - also here, here
Background


Dopaminergic neurons

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Protein Found That Regulates Gene Critical To Dopamine-releasing Brain Cells - also here, here
Background, Background


DNA translocation

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Chromosome Breaks Are Surprisingly Complex
Background


Creative problem solving

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Remote Brainwaves Predict Future 'Eureka' Moment - also here
Background, Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Cancer Stem Cells Isolated: Could Lead To New Drugs To Stop Cancer From Returning - also here, here
Background, Background


Cognitive control of emotions

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Brains Rely On Old And New Mechanisms To Diminish Fear - also here
Background, Background


Lipopolysaccharides and the immune system

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Killing Bacteria Isn't Enough To Restore Immune Function After Infection - also here, here
Background


Brain dimorphism and gender-specific behavior

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Male-specific Neurons Directly Linked To Gender-specific Behaviors - also here
Background


Physical and conceptual search

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Searching In Space And Minds: Research Suggests Underlying Link - also here
Background


Modeling of nutrients and biodiversity

References:
  1. September 13, 2008 - Math Model Helps Unravel Relationship Between Nutrients And Biodiversity - also here
Background


Molecular evolution

References:
  1. September 13, 2008 - Computational Biochemist Uncovers A Molecular Clue To Evolution - also here, here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. September 13, 2008 - New Method For Creating Inducible Stem Cells Is Remarkably Efficient - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Among nonsmokers, lung cancer is deadlier for men
  2. September 8, 2008 - Anti-inflammatory drugs may mask prostate cancer marker
  3. September 8, 2008 - Shining a light on bowel cancer
  4. September 9, 2008 - Common painkillers lower levels of prostate cancer biomarker - also here
  5. September 9, 2008 - Blacks with lung disease at high risk for cancer
  6. September 9, 2008 - New cervical cancer test beats pap smear
  7. September 9, 2008 - Early Phase Breast Cancer Study Suggests New Approach Can Re-sensitize Tumors
  8. September 9, 2008 - Childhood cancer genes pinpointed
  9. September 10, 2008 - Antiangiogenic Drugs Impede Chemotherapy-stimulated Tumor Recovery - also here
  10. September 10, 2008 - Protein 'Switch' Suppresses Skin Cancer Development - also here
  11. September 10, 2008 - Why Do Some Lifelong Nonsmokers Get Lung Cancer? - also here
  12. September 10, 2008 - Genetic Region Linked To Five Times Higher Lung Cancer Risk - also here
  13. September 11, 2008 - As head and neck cancer risks evolve, more treatment options emerge - also here
  14. September 12, 2008 - Merck vaccine wins OK for vaginal cancer
  15. September 12, 2008 - Stress may increase the risk of breast cancer
  16. September 12, 2008 - How To Differentiate Benign From Malignant Bile Duct Strictures? - also here
  17. September 12, 2008 - Risk Of Breast Cancer Mutations Underestimated For Asian Women - also here, here
  18. September 12, 2008 - Breast, Ovarian Cancer Risk Underestimated for Asian Women
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Exercise trumps obesity gene, U.S. study finds - also here
  2. September 8, 2008 - Exercise 'blunts fat gene effect'
  3. September 9, 2008 - Got a fat gene? Get active for 3-4 hours a day
  4. September 10, 2008 - Diabetes drug may help treat obesity
  5. September 10, 2008 - High Levels Of Physical Activity Can Blunt Effect Of Obesity-related Gene, Study Suggests - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Delaying Evolution Of Drug Resistance In Malaria Parasite Possible
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Stem Cell Transplantation Benefits Mice With Childhood Motor Neuron Disease
  2. September 10, 2008 - Human Embryonic Stem Cell Secretions Minimize Tissue Injury After Heart Attack - also here, here
  3. September 12, 2008 - Stem Cell Regeneration Repairs Congenital Heart Defect - also here, here
  4. September 13, 2008 - DNA 'Tattoos' Link Adult, Daughter Stem Cells In Planarians - also here, here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Gene Therapy Prevents Blindness In An Animal Model Of Mitochondrial Dysfunction
  2. September 9, 2008 - Gene Therapy For Blindness Improves Vision, Safety Study Indicates - also here, here
  3. September 16, 2008 - Hereditary blindness therapy within sight
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Marijuana Ingredients Show Promise In Battling Superbugs - also here
  2. September 9, 2008 - Bacteria glue points to superbug vaccine: scientist
  3. September 10, 2008 - Bacteria's Sticky Glue Is Clue To Vaccine, Says Scientist - also here
  4. September 12, 2008 - Light-activated Treatments Could Solve MRSA Problems After Surgery - also here
Background


Health benefits of Mediterranean diet

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - New studies on the Mediterranean diet confirm its effectiveness for chronic disease prevention
  2. September 11, 2008 - Strict Mediterranean diet offers big health boost
  3. September 12, 2008 - Strict Mediterranean Diet Can Help Reduce Deaths From Major Chronic Diseases - also here, here
Background, Background, Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Weekly diabetes jab hopes raised
  2. September 9, 2008 - Tests show 2-year benefits of Merck diabetes drug
  3. September 9, 2008 - New Once-a-week Treatment For Type 2 Diabetes Developed - also here
  4. September 9, 2008 - Type 2 Diabetes Under Stress
  5. September 10, 2008 - Diabetes drug may help treat obesity
  6. September 10, 2008 - Study sees longterm benefit of blood-sugar control - also here, here
  7. September 11, 2008 - 30-year study shows benefits of glucose control
Background


Vitamin B12 and dementia

References:
  1. September 8, 2008 - Vitamin B12 may protect against brain shrinkage
  2. September 9, 2008 - Vitamin 'may prevent memory loss'
  3. September 11, 2008 - Vitamin B12 May Protect The Brain In Old Age - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. September 9, 2008 - 'Healthy' Individuals May Be At Risk For Heart Disease - also here, here
  2. September 9, 2008 - Pollution 'hinders heart pacing'
  3. September 10, 2008 - High Blood Pressure After Stroke Should Not Necessarily Rule Out Use Of Clot-busting Treatment - also here
  4. September 10, 2008 - How to avoid heart disease: brush your teeth, say scientists
  5. September 10, 2008 - How to avoid heart disease: brush your teeth, say scientists
  6. September 11, 2008 - New way to protect against heart damage explored
  7. September 11, 2008 - To avoid heart disease, brush your teeth
  8. September 11, 2008 - Brush Your Teeth To Reduce The Risk Of Heart Disease - also here
  9. September 11, 2008 - Bleeding Gums Linked To Heart Disease - also here
  10. September 11, 2008 - Infectious Heart Disease Death Rates Rising Again, Say Scientists - also here
  11. September 12, 2008 - Air Pollution Can Hinder Heart's Electrical Functioning - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Hepatitis C patients may have abnormal blood sugar
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 10, 2008 - Simple Blood Test For Alzheimer's? Researchers Seeking To Identify Alzheimer's Risk Focus On Specific Blood Biomarker - also here, here
  2. September 17, 2008 - A blood marker may indicate Alzheimer's risk
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Herpes drug may help control AIDS virus
  2. September 11, 2008 - Help From Herpes? Coinfection Induces Acyclovir To Inhibit HIV - also here
  3. September 16, 2008 - Herpes drug inhibits HIV in patients infected with both viruses - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Indonesian man dies of bird flu, brings toll to 112
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Potential Approach To Treatment Of Hepatitis B Virus Infection - also here, here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Immaturity Of The Brain May Cause Schizophrenia - also here, here
  2. September 12, 2008 - New Way To Help Schizophrenia Sufferers' Social Skills - also here, here
  3. September 12, 2008 - Off-label Medicine Combinations Are Predominant Treatment In Survey Of Schizophrenics - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Toward Improved Antibiotics Using Proteins From Marine Diatoms - also here
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - Cortisol And Fatty Liver: Researchers Find Cause Of Severe Metabolic Disorders - also here
Background, Background, Background


Alcohol and antioxidants

References:
  1. September 11, 2008 - A Novel Way to Reduce Damage from Heart Attacks
  2. September 12, 2008 - Newly discovered molecule promises better treatments for heart attacks, heart surgery - also here
  3. September 12, 2008 - Heart damage prevention hope
  4. September 13, 2008 - Key Enzyme For Regulating Heart Attack Damage Found, Scientists Report
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Gene mutation underlies some mad cow disease: study
  2. September 13, 2008 - Mad Cow Disease Also Caused By Genetic Mutation - also here, here
Background


Mini antibodies

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Mini antibodies: biotech's next big thing?
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Nano-sized 'Cargo Ships' To Target And Destroy Tumors Developed - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. September 12, 2008 - Clinical Trial For New Tuberculosis Vaccine - also here
  2. September 12, 2008 - Novel tuberculosis vaccine in Germany in clinical phase
  3. September 14, 2008 - Tuberculosis Drug Shows Promise Against Latent Bacteria - also here, here
Background


Antidepressants, prostaglandins, and cancer

References:
  1. September 13, 2008 - Untapped Potential Of Antidepressants For Cancer
Background


Bispehnol A

References:
  1. September 13, 2008 - Popular plastics chemical poses further threat
Background, Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved