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Volume 7, Number 40
October 6, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Water on Mars
Airy beams
Carbon nanotubes
Photovoltaics
Astroparticle physics
Robotics
Galaxy diversity
Dark energy
Nanotechnology
Supernovae
Ocean acidification
Galactic magnetic fields
Linac Coherent Light Source
Stellar birth rates
Solar system formation
Metamaterials
Grid computing
Naked black holes
Arctic sea ice
Dark matter
Quantum communications
Hydrogen storage
Earthquakes

Life sciences

Bioinformatics
Metagenomics
Antioxidants and longevity
Cortisol and aggression
Brain-imaging studies
Synaesthesia
Speciation
Diet, IGF-1, and longevity
Exercise and brain metabolism
Ultraconserved DNA regions
Sexual selection
Illusory pattern perception
DNA repair
MicroRNA
Gene regulation
Creative problem solving
Visual perception of moving objects
Coordination of cell movement
Methanotrophic archaea
Bacterial response to stress
Functional architecture of the brain
Systems biology
Cell gradient sensing
Evolutionary psychology
Commensals and the immune system
Adipocyte precursor cells
Fat metabolism
Opioid receptors and drug addiction
Gluconeogenesis
Attention and the thalamus

Health and medicine

Complement proteins and cancer
Cancer
Gene therapy
Cardiovascular disease
Adiponectin and cancer
Influenza
Cancer biology
Influenza antivirals
Tuberculosis
Multiple sclerosis
Prions
Autism
Drug delivery
AIDS
Diabetes
Obesity
Antibacterial properties of honey
Sirtuin therapeutics
Obesity, the hypothalamus, and NF-κB
Rheumatoid arthritis
Antibiotics
Nanobiotechnology
Inflammatory bowel disease
Stem cells
Antidepressants
Avian flu



Physical sciences and technology


Water on Mars

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Water's Role in Martial Chemistry Becoming Clearer
  2. September 29, 2008 - NASA extends Phoenix mission as snow falls on Mars
  3. September 29, 2008 - Snowfall Seen on Mars
  4. September 29, 2008 - Phoenix finds evidence of past liquid water on Mars
  5. September 30, 2008 - Phoenix Finds Signs of Once-Liquid Water on Mars
  6. September 30, 2008 - Robot lander detects snow falling on Mars
  7. September 30, 2008 - Mars Lander Sees Falling Snow On Red Planet, Soil Data Suggest Liquid Past - also here
  8. September 30, 2008 - Phoenix detects Red Planet snow
  9. September 30, 2008 - Snow is the surprising forecast for Mars
  10. September 30, 2008 - Mars lander finds minerals suggesting past water
Background


Airy beams

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Light throws a curve ball
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Breakthrough for carbon nanotube materials
  2. October 4, 2008 - Study On Properties Of Carbon Nanotubes, Water Could Have Wide-ranging Implications - also here
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Solar Cell Sets World Efficiency Record At 40.8 Percent
  2. October 5, 2008 - Scientists develop solar cells with a twist - also here
  3. October 9, 2008 - 'Stamp' method brings bendy, transparent solar cells
Background


Astroparticle physics

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - The 'Magnificent Seven' Of European Astroparticle Physics Unveiled To The World - also here
Background, Background, Background, Background, Background, Background


Robotics

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - A Robot In Every Home?
  2. October 1, 2008 - Your Robotic Friend, The Humanoid Robot
Background


Galaxy diversity

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - When It Comes to Galaxies, Diversity Is Everywhere - also here
  2. October 6, 2008 - Galaxy Diversity Reveals Clues to Cosmic Evolution
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Do We Live in a Giant Cosmic Bubble?
  2. October 1, 2008 - Teams merge for dark-energy mission
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Manipulating the quantum properties of diamond impurities is a step closer to quantum computing, finer-scale microscopes
  2. October 2, 2008 - Zooming way in, technique offers close-ups of electrons, nuclei - also here
  3. October 2, 2008 - NMR reaches the nanoscale
  4. October 3, 2008 - Nanowire technology could make LCDs brighter, thinner, and cheaper
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Infrared Echoes Give NASA's Spitzer A Supernova Flashback - also here, here
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Ocean acidification turns up the volume
Background


Galactic magnetic fields

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Galaxy is Surprisingly Magnetic
  2. October 1, 2008 - Precocious galaxy's magnetic field is bizarrely strong
  3. October 2, 2008 - First Detection Of Magnetic Field In Distant Galaxy Surprises Astronomers - also here, here
  4. October 2, 2008 - Young Galaxy's Magnetism Surprises Astronomers
Background


Linac Coherent Light Source

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Sensing the Energy: Calibrating the LCLS
Background


Stellar birth rates

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - More Star Births Than Astronomers Have Calculated - also here, here
Background


Solar system formation

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Our Solar System Born in 'Little Bang'
  2. October 3, 2008 - 'Little Bang' Triggered Solar System Formation - also here, here
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Invisibility cloak for water waves
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - CERN computer grid links 7,000 scientists
  2. October 4, 2008 - World's Biggest Computing Grid Launched - also here
Background


Naked black holes

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - No Naked Black Holes
Background


Arctic sea ice

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - A Near-Record Arctic Melting
  2. October 3, 2008 - Arctic Sea Ice Hits Second-lowest Recorded Extent, Likely Lowest Volume - also here, here
  3. October 4, 2008 - Arctic Sea Ice Annual Freeze-up Underway - also here, here
  4. October 8, 2008 - Arctic ocean covered by thin ice
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Dark matter makes galaxy's stars live long and prosper
Background


Quantum communications

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Laser cracks 'unbreakable' quantum communications
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - High-tech sponge could take hydrogen cars further
  2. October 8, 2008 - New Material Could Speed Development Of Hydrogen Powered Vehicles - also here
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. October 5, 2008 - Tectonic fragment linked to Tokyo's quake peril: scientists
Background



Life sciences


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Researchers develop new self-training gene prediction program for fungi
Background


Metagenomics

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Microbes 'Run The World': Metagenomics Increasingly Used To Characterize Them
Background


Antioxidants and longevity

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - New study on antioxidants shows mixed results for life extension
Background


Cortisol and aggression

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Antisocial behaviour hormone link
  2. September 30, 2008 - Bad boys can blame behaviour on their hormones
  3. October 1, 2008 - "Fight or flight" hormone limits aggression: study
  4. October 5, 2008 - Antisocial Behavior May Be Caused By Low Stress Hormone Levels
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Herd mentality rules in financial crisis
Background


Synaesthesia

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Do we all have some synaesthetic ability?
Background


Speciation

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Cichlid fish vision change helped species diverge
  2. October 1, 2008 - What you see is how you evolve
  3. October 1, 2008 - Changes in sense organs could be splitting cichlids in an African lake into two species
  4. October 1, 2008 - Red Fish, Blue Fish, One Fish Becomes Two Fish
  5. October 1, 2008 - Love is blind for fish in murky waters
  6. October 2, 2008 - Red fish, blue fish, speciation?
  7. October 2, 2008 - New Fish Species May Emerge Because Of How Females See Males
  8. October 7, 2008 - The Color of Evolution: How One Fish Became Two Fish
Background


Diet, IGF-1, and longevity

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Cutting protein along with calories decreases IGF-1, a growth factor linked to cancer in humans
Background, Background, Background


Exercise and brain metabolism

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - During Exercise, Human Brain Shifts Into High Gear On 'Alternative Energy' - also here, here
Background


Ultraconserved DNA regions

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Researchers investigate the dispensability of our DNA
  2. October 2, 2008 - Mysterious snippets of DNA withstand eons of evolution - also here
Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Female birds sacrifice health to create more colourful eggs
  2. October 4, 2008 - Traits Produced By Melanin May Signal The Bearer's Capacity To Combat Free Radicals - also here, here
Background


Illusory pattern perception

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - When Seeing IS Believing - also here
  2. October 2, 2008 - Lack of control seen fueling superstitions
  3. October 2, 2008 - This Is Getting Out of Control
  4. October 3, 2008 - 'Illusions driving market havoc'
  5. October 6, 2008 - Chaos may make you see 'things'
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - DNA Repair: Structure Of The Mre11 Protein Bound To DNA - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Short RNAs Show A Long History: MicroRNAs Found In Animals That Appeared A Billion Years Ago - also here, here
Background


Gene regulation

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Cells Coordinate Gene Activity With FM Bursts, Scientists Find - also here, here
  2. October 3, 2008 - Simple Twists Of Fate - also here
Background


Creative problem solving

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - How Distractions Facilitate Creative Problem-solving - also here
Background


Visual perception of moving objects

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Car or pedestrian -- How we can follow objects with our eyes - also here
Background


Coordination of cell movement

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Scientists identify a molecule that coordinates the movement of cells - also here
Background


Methanotrophic archaea

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Ancient Microbes Hint at Life's Limits
Background


Bacterial response to stress

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Don't Stress! Bacterial Cell's 'Crisis Command Center' Revealed - also here
  2. October 8, 2008 - Scientists unravel bacteria's stress buster
  3. October 8, 2008 - Protection for stressed-out bacteria identified
Background


Functional architecture of the brain

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Direct Recording Shows Brain Signal Persists Even In Dreamless Sleep - also here
Background


Systems biology

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Artificial Cells: Models Of Eel Cells Suggest Electrifying Possibilities
Background


Cell gradient sensing

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Chemical 'orienteering': how accurately can cells follow a chemical trail to find their way around?
Background


Evolutionary psychology

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Why your boss is white, middle-class and a show-off - also here
Background


Commensals and the immune system

References:
  1. October 4, 2008 - DNA Of Good Bacteria Drives Intestinal Response To Infection - also here, here
Background, Background


Adipocyte precursor cells

References:
  1. October 4, 2008 - Obesity Clue: Newly Identified Cells Make Fat - also here, here
Background


Fat metabolism

References:
  1. October 4, 2008 - Making Metabolism More Inefficient Can Reduce Obesity - also here, here
Background


Opioid receptors and drug addiction

References:
  1. October 5, 2008 - Variations In Key Genes Increase Caucasiansí Risk Of Heroin Addiction
Background


Gluconeogenesis

References:
  1. October 5, 2008 - Regulating energy supply to the brain during fasting - also here, here
Background


Attention and the thalamus

References:
  1. October 5, 2008 - Crick was right about 'vision filter' in the brain
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Complement proteins and cancer

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - A complement for cancer?
  2. October 1, 2008 - Immune System Can Hurt As Well As Help Fight Cancer, Study Shows - also here
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Promising Approach In Prevention And Treatment Of Pancreatic Cancer
  2. September 29, 2008 - Hormone Therapy May Be Safe For Postmenopausal BRCA Mutation Carriers
  3. September 29, 2008 - Why Does Gecko, A Chinese Traditional Medicine, Have Anti-tumor Effects?
  4. September 29, 2008 - Childhood Cancer Survivors Continue To Have Higher Mortality Rates than the General Population
  5. September 29, 2008 - Big babies 'risk breast cancer'
  6. September 29, 2008 - Breastfeeding 'cuts cancer risk'
  7. September 29, 2008 - Black men in raised prostate risk
  8. September 30, 2008 - Study links birth size and breast cancer - also here
  9. September 30, 2008 - Big bubs at higher risk of breast cancer
  10. September 30, 2008 - Extra Copies Of EGFR Gene Signal Poor Prognosis For Vulvar Cancer - also here
  11. September 30, 2008 - Most Adults Under 50 Unlikely To Need Colorectal Screening, Study Suggests - also here, here
  12. September 30, 2008 - Age Alone Should Not Be Used To Determine Whether To Treat Prostate Cancer With Hormones, Research Suggests
  13. September 30, 2008 - Radiation Device May Customize Therapy, Enable Some To Avoid More Lengthy Treatment
  14. September 30, 2008 - Birth Size Is A Marker Of Susceptibility To Breast Cancer Later In Life - also here, here
  15. September 30, 2008 - Study finds association between hepatitis B and pancreatic cancer
  16. September 30, 2008 - Vitamin 'may blunt cancer drugs'
  17. September 30, 2008 - Big babies at higher risk of breast cancer
  18. October 1, 2008 - Genetic link found to colon cancer in study
  19. October 1, 2008 - Spit proteins could lead to oral cancer test: study
  20. October 1, 2008 - Hepatitis B Exposure May Increase Risk For Pancreatic Cancer - also here, here
  21. October 1, 2008 - Scientists Establish New Blood Test To Better Evaluate Prostate Cancer
  22. October 1, 2008 - Surgical Treatment Provides New Option For Some Colorectal Cancer Patients - also here, here
  23. October 1, 2008 - Colon Cancer Link To Obesity Uncovered - also here
  24. October 1, 2008 - Raised risk of prostate cancer in Black men
  25. October 1, 2008 - Vitamin C reduces benefits of cancer drugs: study
  26. October 1, 2008 - Computers could read mammograms
  27. October 1, 2008 - Computers help docs spot breast cancer on X-rays
  28. October 2, 2008 - Colonoscopy Associated With Reduced Colorectal Cancer Incidence - also here, here
  29. October 2, 2008 - Saliva Proteins Could Help Detection Of Oral Cancer - also here
  30. October 2, 2008 - Vitamin C Supplements May Reduce Benefit From Wide Range Of Anti-cancer Drugs - also here
  31. October 2, 2008 - MRI Spots Early Breast Cancer In Mice - also here, here
  32. October 2, 2008 - A taste for scorpion venom could be cancer's undoing
  33. October 3, 2008 - Genetic tests may pinpoint who should get Avastin
  34. October 3, 2008 - Breakthrough Optical Technology To Assess Colon Cancer Risk, Accuracy - also here, here
  35. October 3, 2008 - Liver Transplant Recipients Almost Three Times More Likely To Develop Cancer - also here
  36. October 3, 2008 - Novel Anti-tumor Vaccine Developed - also here, here
  37. October 3, 2008 - Epstein-Barr Virus Protein Contributes To Cancer - also here, here
  38. October 3, 2008 - Second Lumpectomy For Breast Cancer Reduces Survival Rates - also here, here
  39. October 5, 2008 - Breast Cancer Cells Recycle To Escape Death By Hormonal Therapy - also here
  40. October 5, 2008 - Single jab cancer therapy backed
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Novel Attempt Of Gene Therapy For Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. September 29, 2008 - Tests start on pill that could lengthen millions of lives
  2. September 30, 2008 - Danish study finds HRT does not raise heart attack
  3. September 30, 2008 - Novel Approaches To Heart Disease And Inflammation
  4. September 30, 2008 - LIAI launches new division to look at novel approaches to heart disease and inflammation
  5. October 2, 2008 - Hormone Replacement Therapy And Heart Attack Risk: Danish Study Provides New Information
  6. October 5, 2008 - Multi-drug 'polypill' finally to tackle heart problems
Background


Adiponectin and cancer

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Genetic link found to colon cancer in study
Background


Influenza

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - New Applied Biosystems test diagnoses flu fast
  2. September 30, 2008 - Faster genetic test for flu virus approved
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - How A 'Stuck Accelerator' Causes Cancer Cell Expansion
  2. October 1, 2008 - Mechanism Used By Gene To Promote Metastasis In Human Cancer Cells Identified - also here, here
  3. October 2, 2008 - Colon Cancer: Researchers Take Important Steps Forward In Understanding Cause
  4. October 2, 2008 - Cells That Avoid Suicide May Become Cancerous - also here, here
  5. October 2, 2008 - Net widens as more proteins implicated in cancer spread
Background


Influenza antivirals

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Naturally Occurring 'Protective RNA' Used To Develop New Antiviral Against Influenza
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - TB Bacterium Uses Its Sugar Coat To Sweeten Its Chances Of Living In Lungs - also here
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - MS Patients Have Higher Spinal Fluid Levels Of Suspicious Immune Molecule - also here, here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Is There More To Prion Protein Than Mad Cow Disease? - also here, here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Groundbreaking findings on autism to be presented at Carnegie Mellon international symposium
  2. October 5, 2008 - Autism genes can add up to genius
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. September 30, 2008 - Ultrasound-activated microbubbles for localized delivery of cancer drugs developed
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Study pushes back origin of AIDS pandemic
  2. October 1, 2008 - Tissue sample suggests HIV has been infecting humans for a century
  3. October 1, 2008 - HIV/AIDS Emerged as Early as 1880s
  4. October 1, 2008 - HIV's time of origin confirmed
  5. October 1, 2008 - A Viral Blast From the Past
  6. October 1, 2008 - Study traces AIDS virus origin to 100 years ago
  7. October 1, 2008 - Pfizer drug helps advanced HIV at 48-week mark
  8. October 2, 2008 - 'Fossil' HIV reveals virus history
  9. October 2, 2008 - HIV jumped species earlier than thought
  10. October 2, 2008 - HIV/AIDS Pandemic Began Around 1900, Earlier Than Previously Thought - also here
  11. October 2, 2008 - New findings indicate HIV/AIDS pandemic began around 1900, earlier than previously thought - also here
  12. October 2, 2008 - HIV Drug Maraviroc Effective For Drug-resistant Patients - also here, here
  13. October 3, 2008 - Scientists 'See' How HIV Matures Into An Infection - also here, here
  14. October 3, 2008 - What HIV Needs: Identification Of Human Factors May Yield Novel Therapeutic Targets For HIV - also here
  15. October 3, 2008 - Colonial clue to the rise of HIV
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Analogue or human insulins OK for type 2 diabetes
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Why A Mother's High-fat Diet Contributes To Obesity In Her Children - also here, here
  2. October 2, 2008 - Genes Influence Effectiveness Of Weight-loss Drug - also here, here
Background


Antibacterial properties of honey

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Honey Effective In Killing Bacteria That Cause Chronic Sinusitis
Background


Sirtuin therapeutics

References:
  1. October 1, 2008 - Sirtris' review of sirtuin therapeutics for diseases of aging in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery
Background, Background, Background, Background


Obesity, the hypothalamus, and NF-κB

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Calorie overload sends the brain haywire: study
  2. October 2, 2008 - Research team discovers brain pathway responsible for obesity
  3. October 3, 2008 - Brain Pathway Responsible For Obesity Found: Too Many Calories Send Brain Off Kilter - also here
  4. October 3, 2008 - New twist in brain obesity riddle
Background, Background, Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Rheumatoid arthritis tied to joint surgery in past
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Groundbreaking Discovery May Lead To Stronger Antibiotics - also here, here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. October 2, 2008 - Nanoparticles Used To Deliver Treatment For Brain, Spinal Cord Injuries - also here, here, here
  2. October 3, 2008 - Nanodiamond drug device could transform cancer treatment - also here, here
  3. October 27, 2008 - Nanodiamond Drug Device Could Transform Cancer Treatment
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Stomach 'bug' may lead to inflammatory bowel woes
  2. October 5, 2008 - Form of Crohn's disease traced to disabled gut cells
  3. October 5, 2008 - Inflammatory bowel gene uncovered
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Role Of Stem Cells In Renewing The Cornea - also here
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. October 3, 2008 - Millisecond brain signals predict response to fast-acting antidepressant - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 4, 2008 - S.Korea reports new case of suspected bird flu
  2. October 5, 2008 - DNA-based Vaccine Shows Promise Against Avian Flu - also here
Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved