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Volume 7, Number 41
October 13, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Graphene
Global warming
CO2 levels, ocean currents, and climate
Quantum communications
Nanotechnology
Extrasolar planets
Controlled fusion
Galaxy evolution
Large Hadron Collider
Photovoltaics
DNA nanotechnology
Superconductivity
Spintronics
Galaxy collisions
Earthquakes
Phase change memory
Quantum gravity and grand unification
Early galaxies
Virtual reality
Star birth and early development
Robotics
Carbon nanotubes
Cosmic strings
Mass extinctions
Quantum chaos
Climate modeling
Hurricanes and global warming

Life sciences

Avian dactyls
DNA damage in minibacteria
G protein-coupled receptors
Cheap genome sequencing
Ediacaran fauna
Cell movement
Amino acid chirality
Brain-imaging studies
Non-coding RNA and gene expression
Antidepressants and conditioning
Collective bacterial cell dynamics
Dendrite growth and glutamate receptors
Asymmetry in meiotic cell division
Learned safety
Behavioral indications of fertility
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator
Circadian rhythm, GABA, and memory
Senecavirus
Bacterial virulence factors
Neuromuscular receptors
Zebrafish embryonic development
Shark parthenogenesis
Time series analysis of brain information flow
NIH epigenomics program
Immune system
Embryonic stem cell differentiation
Association formation

Health and medicine

Exercise and fat metabolism
Cancer
Bipolar disorder
Autism
Antibiotic resistance
Inflammatory bowel disease
Cardiovascular disease
Antidepressants
Cancer biology
Metabolic syndrome and cancer
Memory problems
Nanoscopic drug discovery
Diabetes
Tuberculosis
Unsaturated fatty acids and appetite
Gene therapy
Malaria
Aging, stem cells, and cancer
Stem cells
Autoimmune diseases
Alzheimer's disease
Obesity, macrophages, inflamation, and diabetes
Rheumatoid arthritis
SIRT1 and cancer
Avian flu
Antioxidants in cocoa
AIDS
Prions
The immune system and herpes simplex virus
Macular degeneration and the innate immune system
Schizophrenia
Stem cells and cancer
Vaccine technology
Antibiotics



Physical sciences and technology


Graphene

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - New Graphene-based Material Clarifies Graphite Oxide Chemistry
  2. October 10, 2008 - Scaling up graphene production
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Most Alaskan Glaciers Retreating, Thinning, Or Stagnating - also here
  2. October 7, 2008 - NASA study finds rising Arctic storm activity sways sea ice, climate - also here, here
  3. October 8, 2008 - Arctic Soil May Contain Nearly Twice Greenhouse-Gas Producing Material Than Previously Estimated - also here, here
  4. October 9, 2008 - Sea levels could rise one metre by 2100: German institute
  5. October 10, 2008 - Satellite Data Reveals Extreme Summer Snowmelt In Northern Greenland - also here, here
  6. October 12, 2008 - Glacier melts are erasing climate record
Background


CO2 levels, ocean currents, and climate

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Gas from the past gives scientists new insights into climate and the oceans - also here
Background, Background


Quantum communications

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - In quantum channels, zero plus zero can equal non-zero
  2. October 7, 2008 - Long-Lasting Quantum Memory Leads to Long-Distance Quantum Communication
  3. October 8, 2008 - World first for sending data using quantum cryptography
  4. October 9, 2008 - Quantum encryption sets speed record
  5. October 9, 2008 - 'Unbreakable' encryption unveiled
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Playing Pinball with Atoms - also here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Huge Planet Defies Explanation
  2. October 7, 2008 - Exotic Object Orbiting Star Stirs Exoplanet Classification Rethink - also here
  3. October 7, 2008 - CoRoT discovery challenges the definition of extra-solar planets
  4. October 7, 2008 - Telescope detects odd-ball object
  5. October 11, 2008 - Astronomers detect exoplanet orbiting closer to its parent star than any other known planet
  6. October 12, 2008 - How Dust Rings Point To Exo-Earths With Supercomputer's Help - also here
  7. October 14, 2008 - Star-hugging planet is hottest and fastest found
  8. October 16, 2008 - Hottest Planet Ever Discovered
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Europe follows fusion twin track
  2. October 8, 2008 - Europe moves forward with laser-fusion plans
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Satellite galaxies cling onto their haloes
  2. October 12, 2008 - Visiting dwarfs put home-grown galaxies in the shade
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Bad connection caused atom smasher shutdown
  2. October 16, 2008 - "Big Bang" collider glitch was electrical fault: CERN
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Scientists create solar cells with a twist
  2. October 9, 2008 - New Optics For Improved Solar Power Generators
Background


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Nanotech comes alive
  2. October 8, 2008 - Using Living Cells As Nanotechnology Factories - also here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Scientists Engineer Superconducting Thin Films - also here, here, here
  2. October 8, 2008 - Scientists make ultrathin superconducting films
  3. October 9, 2008 - Ultrathin films form 'warm' superconductor
  4. October 10, 2008 - Researchers team up to probe iron-arsenic superconductors with new instrument - also here, here
  5. October 13, 2008 - Interface superconductor turns up the heat
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - An Attractive Source for Spintronics
  2. October 8, 2008 - Simple temperature change creates spin current
  3. October 10, 2008 - New spintronics effect could lead to magnetic batteries
Background


Galaxy collisions

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Stars Stop Forming When Big Galaxies Collide - also here, here
  2. October 9, 2008 - Galactic hit-and-run leaves trail of destruction
  3. October 10, 2008 - High-speed crash makes galaxies 'sterile'
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - How Many Earthquakes Are There?
Background


Phase change memory

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - New Invention Could Change Design Of Future Memory Storage Devices - also here, here
Background


Quantum gravity and grand unification

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Fuzziness On The Road To Physics' Grand Unification Theory - also here, here
Background, Background


Early galaxies

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Cosmic eye telescope used to spot distant galaxy
  2. October 9, 2008 - Cosmic Eye Sheds Light On Early Galaxy Formation, Just Two Billion Years After Big Bang - also here
Background


Virtual reality

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Virtual Reality Breathes Second Life Into Language Teaching - also here, here
  2. October 11, 2008 - Reality To Go: 3-D Virtual Reality On Mobile Devices
Background


Star birth and early development

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Unique Multi-wavelength Portrait Of Star Birth - also here
  2. October 10, 2008 - Young stellar objects: The source of gas emission around Herbig Ae/Be stars
  3. October 10, 2008 - Astronomers Get Best View Yet Of Infant Stars At Feeding Time - also here, here
  4. October 14, 2008 - Infant Stars Caught Feeding
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Robots: The Bizarre And The Beautiful
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Gecko-like glue is said to be stickiest yet
  2. October 9, 2008 - Physicists pull off the gecko's feat
  3. October 9, 2008 - Gecko-grip material aims to be the end of glue
  4. October 10, 2008 - New glue out-geckos geckos
  5. October 10, 2008 - Mimicking Gecko Feet: Dry Adhesive Based On Carbon Nanotubes Gets Stronger - also here, here, here
  6. October 15, 2008 - As Sticky as a Gecko ... but Ten Times Stronger!
Background


Cosmic strings

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Cosmic strings might emit cosmic sparks, answer cosmological questions
Background


Mass extinctions

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Species Extinction By Asteroid A Rarity - also here, here
Background


Quantum chaos

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Mathematicians crack quantum chaos conjecture - also here, here
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Scientists resolve long-standing puzzle in climate science - also here, here
Background


Hurricanes and global warming

References:
  1. October 12, 2008 - Future Risk Of Hurricanes: The Role Of Climate Change - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Avian dactyls

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Gene Expression In Alligators Suggests Birds Have 'Thumbs' - also here
Background, Background


DNA damage in minibacteria

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Genetic Damage In Minibacteria In Aphids And Ants Repaired By Faulty Copying
Background


G protein-coupled receptors

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Structure of important neurological receptor defined - also here
Background


Amino acid chirality

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Rock Offers Mirror-Image Clues to Life's Origins
Background


Cheap genome sequencing

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - $5,000 genome next year, company promises
Background


Ediacaran fauna

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Earliest animal footprints uncovered
Background


Cell movement

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Landmark Discovery Of 'Engine' That Drives Cell Movement - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Individuals With Social Phobia See Themselves Differently - also here
  2. October 10, 2008 - Risk and reward compete in brain - also here, here
Background


Non-coding RNA and gene expression

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Early-stage gene transcription creates access to DNA - also here, here
Background, Background


Antidepressants and conditioning

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Mice overcome fear, depression with natural Prozac
Background


Collective bacterial cell dynamics

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Bioengineers Fill Holes In Science Of Cellular Self-organization - also here, here
Background


Dendrite growth and glutamate receptors

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Protein shown to play a key role in normal development of nervous system - also here
Background, Background


Asymmetry in meiotic cell division

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Mechanism of asymmetry in meiotic cell division probed - also here, here
Background


Learned safety

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Learned safety cheers depressed mice: An animal model of behavioral intervention for depression
  2. October 9, 2008 - Learning How Not To Be Afraid - also here
Background, Background


Behavioral indications of fertility

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - The Come-Hither Voice
  2. October 8, 2008 - Siren voice means she's fertile
  3. October 29, 2008 - Women's Voices Become More High-pitched During Ovulation
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - New method generates stem cells safely from mice
  2. October 10, 2008 - Stem cell generation from ordinary cells now safe
  3. October 12, 2008 - Researchers find easier way to make stem cells
  4. October 12, 2008 - Eliminating Viral Vector In Stem Cell Reprogramming - also here, here
Background


Candidatus Desulforudis audaxviator

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Genetic analysis reveals how a single species of bacterium thrives on its own three kilometers underground
  2. October 9, 2008 - Goldmine bug DNA may be key to alien life
  3. October 9, 2008 - One is the loneliest number for mine-dwelling bacterium
  4. October 10, 2008 - Journey Toward The Center Of The Earth: One-of-a-kind Microorganism Lives All Alone - also here, here
  5. October 10, 2008 - Planet's loneliest bug revealed
Background, Background


Circadian rhythm, GABA, and memory

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Circadian Clock May Be Critical For Remembering What You Learn, Researchers Say - also here, here
Background


Senecavirus

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Structure Of 'Beneficial' Virus That Can Infect Cancer Cells Solved - also here
Background


Bacterial virulence factors

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Researchers Discover How Infectious Bacteria Can Switch Species - also here, here
  2. October 9, 2008 - Evolution of virulence regulation in Staphylococcus aureus - also here
Background


Neuromuscular receptors

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Stabilizing Force for Good Communication Between Neurons and Muscle Cells Found - also here, here
Background


Zebrafish embryonic development

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Zebrafish development tracked cell by cell
  2. October 10, 2008 - Digital blueprint for fish created
  3. October 11, 2008 - Digital Zebrafish Embryo Provides First Complete Developmental Blueprint Of A Vertebrate - also here, here
Background


Shark parthenogenesis

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Virgin shark got pregnant in Virginia aquarium
  2. October 10, 2008 - Some female sharks may be able to reproduce without males
  3. October 10, 2008 - Shark "Virgin Birth" Confirmed
  4. October 10, 2008 - Scientists: Virginia shark's pup a 'virgin birth'
  5. October 11, 2008 - 'Virgin Birth' By Shark Confirmed: Second Case Ever
  6. October 14, 2008 - Scientists say shark reproduced asexually
Background


Time series analysis of brain information flow

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Scientists Adapt Economics Theory To Trace Brain's Information Flow - also here, here
Background


NIH epigenomics program

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Outcry at scale of inheritance project
Background


Immune system

References:
  1. October 11, 2008 - Crucial Control In Long-lasting Immunity Discovered - also here, here
Background


Embryonic stem cell differentiation

References:
  1. October 11, 2008 - Unlocking Stem Cell, DNA Secrets To Speed Therapies - also here, here
Background


Association formation

References:
  1. October 12, 2008 - Insects Trained In Quest For Artificial Nose
Background



Health and medicine


Exercise and fat metabolism

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Just one exercise session speeds fat metabolism
  2. October 6, 2008 - For Insulin Sensitive Overweight Patients, One Session Of Exercise Improves Metabolic Health, New Research Suggests
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Two drugs don't boost lung cancer survival: Roche
  2. October 6, 2008 - Disparities In Head And Neck Cancer Patients - also here, here
  3. October 6, 2008 - New Studies Highlight The Importance Of Bowel Prep And Effectiveness Of Colonoscopy
  4. October 6, 2008 - Issues Related To Multiple Myeloma Treatment - also here, here
  5. October 6, 2008 - Women Require Less Tobacco Exposure Than Men To Increase Colon Cancer Risk
  6. October 6, 2008 - H. Pylori bacteria may help prevent some esophageal cancers - also here, here
  7. October 6, 2008 - Ulcer-Causing Bug May Also Prevent Cancer
  8. October 6, 2008 - Endoscopic therapy may offer an alternative to surgery - also here
  9. October 6, 2008 - New therapeutic treatment approach improves survival in esophageal cancer patients
  10. October 6, 2008 - Task force: Colon cancer screenings can stop at 75
  11. October 7, 2008 - Novel Lung Cancer Vaccine Trial Launched
  12. October 7, 2008 - Older Renal Cancer Patients Appear To Benefit From Sorafenib Treatment - also here
  13. October 7, 2008 - Stool DNA Testing For Colorectal Cancer Has Potential, But Challenges Remain - also here
  14. October 7, 2008 - New Study Examines Effectiveness Of Colorectal Cancer Screening Tests - also here
  15. October 7, 2008 - Red Wine May Lower Lung Cancer Risk - also here, here
  16. October 7, 2008 - Overweight men face higher risk of dying of prostate cancer
  17. October 7, 2008 - Meat 'ups prostate cancer risk'
  18. October 8, 2008 - New Diagnostic Test For Rare Leukemia Appears To Give Faster Results, Study Finds - also here
  19. October 8, 2008 - Pediatric Study Finds Alternatives For Radiation Of Low-grade Brain Tumors - also here, here
  20. October 8, 2008 - Largest Review Of Its Kind Associates Anti-inflammatory Drugs With Reduced Breast Cancer Risk - also here
  21. October 8, 2008 - New, Tiny, Super-sensitive Probe Could Cut Colon Polyp Removal In Half, Study Suggests - also here, here
  22. October 8, 2008 - New risk factor for prostate cancer - also here
  23. October 8, 2008 - Painkillers 'cut breast cancer'
  24. October 8, 2008 - Firm Says Test Judges Risk For Common Breast Cancers
  25. October 9, 2008 - Red wine may ward off lung cancer: study
  26. October 10, 2008 - Cancer common after liver transplantation - also here
  27. October 10, 2008 - Lung cancer in non-smokers a separate disease
  28. October 10, 2008 - Turning Cancer Friend Into Cancer Foe - also here, here
  29. October 10, 2008 - New Screening Technologies Improve Detection Of Polyps During Colonoscopy - also here
  30. October 10, 2008 - Early Breast Cancer: LHRH Agonists Show Considerable Promise
  31. October 10, 2008 - On the trail of a targeted therapy for blood cancers - also here
  32. October 12, 2008 - Two more genes linked to common skin cancer
  33. October 12, 2008 - Tamoxifen Chemoprevention Tied To Early Detection Of Breast Cancer - also here, here
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - A severe childhood mood disorder often lasts into young adulthood
  2. October 10, 2008 - Bipolar Disorder In Children Appears Likely To Continue Into Young Adulthood
Background


Autism

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Toddlers' Focus On Mouths Rather Than On Eyes Is Predictor Of Autism Severity
  2. October 7, 2008 - What Happens When We Ask Autistic Persons What Is Wrong With Them?
  3. October 8, 2008 - Scientist studies brain activity, facial recognition as a step in autism research
  4. October 8, 2008 - Connections between vision and movement examined - also here
  5. October 12, 2008 - Important Clue To Learning Deficit In Children With Autism - also here, here
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Disinfectants Can Make Bacteria Resistant To Treatment - also here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Vitamin D deficiency common in patients with IBD, chronic liver disease - also here
  2. October 7, 2008 - Form Of Crohn's Disease Traced To Disabled Gut Cells - also here
  3. October 10, 2008 - Outlook For Crohn's Disease Improves Thanks To New Therapies - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 6, 2008 - Racial differences for brain bleeds suggest stroke risk greater than thought for blacks
  2. October 8, 2008 - Eating dark chocolate may keep heart healthy
  3. October 8, 2008 - Racial Differences For Brain Bleeds Suggest Stroke Risk Greater Than Thought For Blacks
  4. October 8, 2008 - Pneumococcal Vaccine Associated With 50 Percent Lower Risk Of Heart Attacks - also here
  5. October 8, 2008 - Study: Even occasional smoking can impair arteries - also here
  6. October 8, 2008 - Study provides insight on a common heart rhythm disorder - also here, here
  7. October 8, 2008 - Novel Imaging Approach May Assist in Predicting Success of Treatment For Atrial Fibrillation - also here
  8. October 9, 2008 - Obesity tied to early heart attack
  9. October 9, 2008 - Chicken legs may control high blood pressure: study
  10. October 9, 2008 - Blood test may soon find heart disease
  11. October 9, 2008 - Blood test finds coronary disease
  12. October 10, 2008 - One Dose Of Hormone May Halt Cell Suicide Following A Heart Attack, Study Suggests
  13. October 12, 2008 - Drug may reduce coronary artery plaque
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - St. John's Wort effective for depression: study
  2. October 8, 2008 - St. John's wort relieves symptoms of major depression - also here
  3. October 8, 2008 - Taking herb 'helps depression'
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Battling Cancer, One Cell At A Time - also here
  2. October 7, 2008 - Metastatic Movements In 3-D - also here, here
  3. October 8, 2008 - Scientists Trace A Novel Way Cells Are Disrupted In Cancer
  4. October 12, 2008 - Hodgkin Lymphoma: New Characteristics Discovered; Cytokines Help Tumor Cells Evade Immune System - also here
Background


Metabolic syndrome and cancer

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Metabolic Syndrome Ups Colorectal Cancer Risk - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Memory problems

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Occasional Memory Loss Tied To Lower Brain Volume - also here
Background


Nanoscopic drug discovery

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Nanoscopic screening process to speed drug discovery - also here, here
  2. October 12, 2008 - Nanotechnology boosts war on superbugs - also here, here
  3. October 12, 2008 - 'Nanotech search' for antibiotics
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Study links 'hygiene hypothesis' to diabetes prevention - also here
  2. October 8, 2008 - Proteins Involved In Blood Vessel Dysfunction In Type 2 Diabetes Are Identified - also here, here
  3. October 9, 2008 - Levels Of Key Hormone During First Trimester Of Pregnancy Could Lead To Earlier Diagnosis Of Gestational Diabetes
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - New vaccines may not reduce TB incidence
  2. October 8, 2008 - Lifesaving TB Vaccine A Step Closer - also here, here
  3. October 8, 2008 - Protein key in new uni TB vaccine
  4. October 9, 2008 - Gene with probable role in human susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis identified - also here, here
  5. October 10, 2008 - Scientists identify gene that may make humans more vulnerable to pulmonary tuberculosis - also here
Background


Unsaturated fatty acids and appetite

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - Olive oil ingredient ups the time between meals
  2. October 10, 2008 - How Fatty Foods Curb Hunger - also here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 7, 2008 - New research may help to design better gene therapy vectors
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Scientists map genomes of two malaria parasites
  2. October 8, 2008 - New parasite genomes for malaria
  3. October 8, 2008 - Malaria Parasites Use "Cloaking Devices" to Trick Body
  4. October 8, 2008 - Genome sequences of 2 malaria parasites defined
  5. October 9, 2008 - Scientists map more malaria strains
  6. October 9, 2008 - Genome Of Parasite That Causes Relapsing Malaria Decoded - also here
Background


Aging, stem cells, and cancer

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Old Age Causes Problems for Gut Cells
Background, Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Human Testicles Yield Stem Cells
  2. October 8, 2008 - Stem cells emerge at night
  3. October 8, 2008 - A key mechanism regulating neural stem cell development is uncovered - also here
  4. October 8, 2008 - Time of day influences yield for pharmacologically stimulated stem cell mobilization - also here
  5. October 8, 2008 - Testicles 'are stem cell source'
  6. October 8, 2008 - Stem cells from testicles an option to embryos
  7. October 9, 2008 - Can Stem Cells Heal Damaged Hearts? No Easy Answers, But Some Signs Of Hope - also here
  8. October 9, 2008 - Scientists explore new source of stem cells
  9. October 9, 2008 - Testicles could provide 'ethical' stem cells
  10. October 12, 2008 - Fat-regenerating 'Stem Cells' Found In Mice - also here
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Neurotransmitter Defect May Trigger Autoimmune Disease - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Possibilities -- But No Proof -- To Prevent Alzheimer's
Background


Obesity, macrophages, inflamation, and diabetes

References:
  1. October 8, 2008 - Killing 'Angry' Immune Cells In Fat Could Fight Diabetes - also here
Background, Background, Background, Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Biogen discontinues experimental arthritis drug
Background


SIRT1 and cancer

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Gene thought to promote tumor growth has opposite role in a kind of breast cancer
  2. October 11, 2008 - New Findings May Improve Treatment Of Inherited Breast Cancer - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Double Flu Jab Needed Against Bird Flu Pandemic - also here
  2. October 10, 2008 - Deadly bird flu virus found at German farm: EU
Background


Antioxidants in cocoa

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - New study re-emphasizes natural cocoa powder has high antioxidant content
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - Scientists Find First Immune Responses to HIV Infection Ineffective
  2. October 10, 2008 - Drug-resistant HIV strains turning up in China
  3. October 12, 2008 - AIDS vaccine focus shifts after disappointments
  4. October 12, 2008 - Body's anti-HIV drug explained - also here, here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. October 9, 2008 - First synthetic prion could settle vCJD controversy
  2. October 10, 2008 - Tracking Down The Cause Of Mad Cow Disease: First Synthetic Prion Protein With An Anchor - also here
Background


The immune system and herpes simplex virus

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Keeping herpes infection in check: researchers describe immune system strategies - also here, here
Background, Background


Macular degeneration and the innate immune system

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Genetic Finding Implicates Innate Immune System In Major Cause Of Blindness - also here
  2. October 13, 2008 - Age-related Macular Degeneration: New Genetic Association Identified
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - Indo-Australian study identifies genetic region involved in schizophrenia risk
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. October 10, 2008 - A link between mitochondria and tumor formation in stem cells - also here, here
  2. October 11, 2008 - Breast Stem Cell Fate Is Regulated By 'Notch' - also here
  3. October 11, 2008 - Key Proteins In Blood Stem Cell Replication Pinpointed - also here
Background, Background


Vaccine technology

References:
  1. October 12, 2008 - RNA Molecules, Delivery System Improve Vaccine Responses, Effectiveness - also here, here
Background, Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 12, 2008 - Nano-levers could speed up hunt for superbug drugs
Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved