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Volume 7, Number 44
November 3, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Extrasolar planets
Nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Organic semiconductors
Water on Mars
Graphene
Arctic sea ice thinning
Photovoltaics
Large Hadron Collider
Dark energy
Planets in the early solar system
Supercomputers
Primordial antimatter
Microfluidics
Global warming
Lab-on-a-chip
Plate tectonics
Galaxies
Memristors
Dark matter
Hurricanes and global warming

Life sciences

Wnt signaling
Gene silencing by long RNA
Neanderthals
Brain-imaging studies
Anxiety and mast cells
3-D perception
Sonic hedgehog and brain development
Cell division in archaea
MicroRNA and heart development
Bacterial predation
Population dynamics
Game theory and evolution of cooperation
Protein interactions
RNA-binding proteins
Boundary extension in visual perception
Synaptic vesicles
NF1, GABA, and learning
Myosin and memory
Language acquisition
Bioinformatics
Modeling evolution in biochemical networks
The insula and political choice
Germination of dormant bacteria
Glia and sensory perception
SiRNA in corn
Behaviorally modern humans
Multiple proteins from one gene
DNA annealing helicases
Defense of infectious bacteria against macrophages

Health and medicine

Schizophrenia
Cancer
Diabetes
Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Inflammatory skin conditions
Antibiotics
Ghrelin and obesity
Avian flu
Rheumatoid arthritis
Epigenetic effects of prenatal malnutrition
Malaria
Obesity
Stress and inflammation
Nanobiotechnology
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
C-reactive protein and myocardial infarction
Bacterial evasion of the immune system
Systems biology, glycomics, and inflammatory diseases
Influenza vaccines
Fat cells and melanin
Cancer biology
Hepatitis C
Stem cells
Inflammatory bowel disease
Multiple sclerosis
Weight-loss drugs
Tissue engineering
RNAi therapy for cancer



Physical sciences and technology


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Epsilon Eridani hosts an inner asteroid belt and planet arranged like those in the solar system
  2. October 27, 2008 - Closest Planetary System Hosts Two Asteroid Belts
  3. October 27, 2008 - Nearby Star Hosts Three-Ring Circus
  4. October 27, 2008 - Nearest planetary system boasts two asteroid belts
  5. October 27, 2008 - Evidence found of solar system around nearby star
  6. October 28, 2008 - Solar System's Young Twin Has Two Asteroid Belts - also here
  7. October 31, 2008 - Habitable worlds may hide in gas giants' wake
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - How To 'Stamp' Nanodevices With Rubber Molds
  2. October 29, 2008 - Turbocharged Nanomotors
  3. October 29, 2008 - Breakthrough may ease electronics assembly
  4. October 29, 2008 - 'Nanoshuttle' gives electrons a ride
  5. October 31, 2008 - New nanocluster to boost thin films for semiconductors
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - CNTs en route for nanophotonic applications
  2. October 29, 2008 - New Mass Sensor To Weight Atoms With Unprecedented Resolution
  3. October 31, 2008 - Hot nanotube sheets produce music on demand
  4. November 3, 2008 - Nanotubes turn on the tunes
  5. November 3, 2008 - Carbon nanotubes could act as an efficient music speaker
  6. November 14, 2008 - Big Noise From Little Tubes
  7. November 20, 2008 - Toward A New Generation Of Paper-thin Loudspeakers - also here
Background


Organic semiconductors

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Soapy property improves electron mobility in organic semiconductors
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - New Signs That Ancient Mars Was Wet
  2. October 29, 2008 - Mars Held Its Water
  3. October 29, 2008 - NASA Orbiter Reveals Details Of A Wetter Mars - also here
  4. October 29, 2008 - New minerals point to wetter Mars
  5. October 29, 2008 - Opal hints at persistence of water on Mars
  6. October 30, 2008 - Opals on Mars reveal planet's wet past
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Graphene could accelerate genomics
Background, Background


Arctic sea ice thinning

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Arctic ice thickness 'plummets'
  2. October 29, 2008 - Arctic sea ice thinning at record rate - also here
  3. November 3, 2008 - Arctic Sea Ice Is Suddenly Getting Thinner As Well As Receding
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Two-faced approach creates solar cells to dye for
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - How to repair the biggest science experiment in the world
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - The Great Cosmic Challenge - also here
Background


Planets in the early solar system

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - First Planets Lived Fast and Died Young
  2. October 30, 2008 - Ancient Meteorites Give Clues to Planet Formation
  3. October 31, 2008 - Clues To Planets' Birth Discovered In Meteorites - also here, here
Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - New Supercomputer Can Do 50 Trillion Operations Per Second - also here
Background


Primordial antimatter

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Searching For Primordial Antimatter - also here
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Explosion on chip sets liquid in motion
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Conclusive proof that polar warming is being caused by humans - also here
  2. October 30, 2008 - Polar warming 'caused by humans'
  3. October 30, 2008 - Humans to blame for polar warming
  4. October 30, 2008 - Manmade global warming evident on every continent, polar report finds
  5. October 31, 2008 - Antarctica feeling the heat too, says study
  6. November 2, 2008 - Chilean glacier will vanish in 50 years: study
  7. November 3, 2008 - Humans are warming the poles: study
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Mini-laboratory gets megaproductive
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Birth of a new ocean
Background


Galaxies

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - 'Ghost of Mirach' Materializes in Space Telescope Image
Background


Memristors

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Memristors model primitive learning
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Dark matter may shine with invisible 'dark light'
Background


Hurricanes and global warming

References:
  1. November 2, 2008 - Recent Hurricane History Provides Diverging Interpretations On Future Of Hurricane Activity - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Wnt signaling

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Building The Blood-brain Barrier - also here, here
Background


Gene silencing by long RNA

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Newly Discovered Mechanism Can Explain Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Why did Neanderthals have such big noses?
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Thin line between love and hate? - science knows why
  2. October 28, 2008 - 'Hate circuit' discovered in brain
  3. October 29, 2008 - Scientists identify brain's 'hate circuit'
  4. October 29, 2008 - 'Hate circuit' identified in the brain
  5. October 29, 2008 - Brain's 'Hate Circuit' Identified - also here, here
  6. October 29, 2008 - Angry faces take priority in our brain
Background


Anxiety and mast cells

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Immune to Anxiety
  2. October 29, 2008 - In Mice, Anxiety Is Linked To Immune System - also here, here
Background, Background


3-D perception

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - How We See Objects In Depth: Brain's Code For 3-D Structure - also here
Background


Sonic hedgehog and brain development

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Researchers find key to Sonic hedgehog control of brain development - also here
Background


Cell division in archaea

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - New Cell Division Mechanism Discovered - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and heart development

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Scientists Identify Single MicroRNA That Controls How Heart Chambers Form - also here
Background, Background


Bacterial predation

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Predatory bacterial swarm uses rippling motion to reach prey
Background


Population dynamics

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Researcher discover fundamental processes behind nature's constant balancing act
  2. October 30, 2008 - Studies of small water fleas help ecologists understand population dynamics
Background


Game theory and evolution of cooperation

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Playing games shows how personalities evolved - also here
  2. November 13, 2008 - Evolution of trust and trustworthiness
Background


Protein interactions

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Research team maps cell interactions
Background


RNA-binding proteins

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Pervasive Network Discovered Driving Protein Production And Placement In Cells
  2. November 2, 2008 - New method provides panoramic view of protein-RNA interactions in living cells - also here, here
Background, Background


Boundary extension in visual perception

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - The Brain's Clever Way Of Showing Us The World As A Whole - also here, here
Background


Synaptic vesicles

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Membrane fusion at the synapse: Janus faced synaptotagmin-1 helps to keep the fast pace - also here, here
Background


NF1, GABA, and learning

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Study of learning disabled mice shows balance in the brain is key - also here
Background, Background


Myosin and memory

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Molecular Motor Tied to Memory
  2. November 1, 2008 - Scientists Identify Machinery That Helps Make Memories - also here
Background


Language acquisition

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Roots Of Early Vocabulary In Infants' Learning From Speech - also here, here
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Engineering Technique Can Identify Disease-causing Genes - also here, here
Background


Modeling evolution in biochemical networks

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Predicting Evolution's Next Best Move With Simulator - also here
Background, Background


The insula and political choice

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Negative Cues From Appearance Alone Matter For Real Elections - also here, here
Background


Germination of dormant bacteria

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - In Decision To Grow, Bacteria Follow The Crowd - also here
Background


Glia and sensory perception

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Without glial cells, animals lose their senses - also here, here
Background


SiRNA in corn

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Corn researchers discover novel gene shut-off mechanisms - also here
Background


Behaviorally modern humans

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Tools give earlier date for 'modern-thinking' humans - also here
Background


Multiple proteins from one gene

References:
  1. November 2, 2008 - Human genes sing different tunes in different tissues
  2. November 2, 2008 - Human genes are multitaskers
Background


DNA annealing helicases

References:
  1. November 2, 2008 - Biologists Discover Motor Protein That Rewinds DNA - also here
Background


Defense of infectious bacteria against macrophages

References:
  1. November 2, 2008 - Persistent bacterial infection exploits killing machinery of immune cells - also here, here
  2. November 6, 2008 - Parasites That Live Inside Cells Use Loophole To Thwart Immune System - also here, here
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Club drug Special K helps schizophrenia researchers - also here
  2. October 28, 2008 - Mental Health Dangers Of Birth Hypoxia: Lower Levels Of Protein Is Associated With Increased Risk Of Schizophrenia
  3. October 28, 2008 - Anti-Inflammatory Medications May Become A Treatment For Schizophrenia
  4. October 29, 2008 - New Brain Link As Cause Of Schizophrenia - also here
  5. October 29, 2008 - Glutamate: Too Much Of A Good Thing In Schizophrenia? - also here, here
  6. November 3, 2008 - Brain receptor schizophrenia clue
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Prostate cancer not warded off by supplements: study
  2. October 27, 2008 - BPA exposure linked to chemotherapy resistance
  3. October 27, 2008 - Socioeconomic And Treatment Factors Affect Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients' Survival
  4. October 27, 2008 - Optimized Radiation For Prostate Cancer Therapy
  5. October 27, 2008 - Early Trial Of New Multi-kinase Inhibitor Shows Impressive Activity In Thyroid Cancer
  6. October 27, 2008 - NCI: No prostate benefit from vitamin E, selenium
  7. October 28, 2008 - Statins cut key indicator of prostate cancer: study
  8. October 28, 2008 - Statin use associated with reduction in prostate specific antigen levels
  9. October 29, 2008 - Hot flushes may predict breast cancer drug success
  10. October 29, 2008 - Pectin may fuel fruits' cancer-fighting ability
  11. October 29, 2008 - A potential target for the prevention or treatment of esophageal carcinoma - also here
  12. October 29, 2008 - A new Eph receptor tyrosine kinase overexpressed in gastric cancer was found
  13. October 29, 2008 - If the diabetes has a direct carcinogenetic effect? - also here
  14. October 29, 2008 - Candidate markers for gastric cancer - also here
  15. October 30, 2008 - Vigorous exercise protects against breast cancer
  16. October 30, 2008 - Cholesterol-lowering Drugs May Also Lower PSA, But Whether They Cut Cancer Risk Is Still Not Known - also here
  17. October 30, 2008 - Miseries Of Allergies Just May Help Prevent Some Cancers, Study Finds
  18. October 30, 2008 - Prostate Cancer Prevention: No Benefit For Use Of Selenium And Vitamin E Supplements, Study Shows
  19. October 30, 2008 - 'New' Estrogen Receptor Found To Be Key Player In Tamoxifen Resistance - also here
  20. October 31, 2008 - Should Metastasectomy Be Performed Before Other Treatments?
  21. October 31, 2008 - Cancer Risk Of Low Dose Ionizing Radiation: New Insights From Modern Biology Provoke More Questions And Challenges
  22. October 31, 2008 - New Way To Attack Some Forms Of Leukemia Discovered - also here, here
  23. October 31, 2008 - Gleevec Holds Potential As First Drug To Successfully Treat Neurofibromatosis, Scientists Report - also here
  24. October 31, 2008 - Cancer Requires Support From Immune System To Develop - also here
  25. October 31, 2008 - Frequent Urination Protects Against Bladder Cancer, Study Finds
  26. October 31, 2008 - Researchers discover a key to aggressive breast cancer - also here, here
  27. October 31, 2008 - Oral rinses used for tracking HPV-positive head and neck cancers holds promise for cancer screening - also here
  28. October 31, 2008 - Vigorous activity protects against breast cancer - also here
  29. October 31, 2008 - A useful imaging modality for monitoring treatment response to hepatocellular carcinoma
  30. October 31, 2008 - If metastasectomy should be performed before other treatments
  31. October 31, 2008 - Activity cuts breast cancer risk
  32. November 1, 2008 - Landmark study finds aggresive, personalized treatment increases kidney cancer patient survival
  33. November 1, 2008 - DNA clue to child brain tumours
  34. November 2, 2008 - New Tumor Inhibitor For Treatment Of Hereditary Breast Cancer Shows Promising Results In Mouse Model
  35. November 2, 2008 - Aggressive, Personalized Treatment Increases Kidney Cancer Patient Survival, Study Shows
  36. November 2, 2008 - Severe Gestational Hypertension May Protect Sons Against Testicular Cancer - also here
  37. November 2, 2008 - A double-barreled immune cell approach for neuroblastoma - also here, here
  38. November 3, 2008 - Personalized therapy best for kidney cancer
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - More proof needed on costly diabetes drugs
  2. October 27, 2008 - Costlier New Diabetes Drugs Don't Necessarily Produce Better Outcomes, Researcher Says
  3. October 27, 2008 - Moderate Use Averts Failure Of Type 2 Diabetes Drugs In Animal Model - also here, here
  4. October 29, 2008 - Invention: Diabetes spice
  5. October 30, 2008 - New diabetes rate up 90 percent in past decade
  6. October 30, 2008 - Artificial Pancreas Could Revolutionize Treatment Of Type 1 Diabetes
  7. October 30, 2008 - Well-known Drug (AAT) Could Overcome Obstacles To Islet Transplantation, Study Suggests - also here
  8. October 31, 2008 - Antimalarial Drug Prevents Diabetes In Arthritis Patients, Study Suggests - also here, here
  9. October 31, 2008 - Type-1 diabetes not so much bad genes as good genes behaving badly, research shows - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Eating Whole Grains Lowers Heart Failure Risk, According To New Study - also here
  2. October 28, 2008 - Pneumonia may raise risk of sudden heart trouble
  3. October 28, 2008 - Exploring Use Of Fat Cells As Heart Attack Therapy - also here, here
  4. October 29, 2008 - Grapes may help lower blood pressure: study
  5. October 30, 2008 - Heart rate-lowering drug improves exercise capacity in patients with stable angina - also here
  6. October 31, 2008 - Grapes May Aid A Bunch Of Heart Risk Factors, Animal Study Finds - also here, here
  7. November 1, 2008 - Grapes And Grape Extracts May Lower Cardiovascular Disease Risk, Review Article Suggests - also here
  8. November 2, 2008 - How The Body's Clot-busting System Speeds Up Atherosclerosis - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Epilepsy drug may help Alzheimer's patients
  2. October 28, 2008 - Common Epilepsy Drug Could Prevent And Treat Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  3. October 29, 2008 - Alzheimer's tests under fire
  4. October 29, 2008 - 3-substituted indolones as novel therapeutic compounds for neurodegenerative conditions
  5. October 30, 2008 - Researchers find more Alzheimer's genes
  6. October 30, 2008 - Gene scan of Alzheimer's families identifies four new suspect genes - also here
  7. October 31, 2008 - High-fat Diet Could Promote Development Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
Background


Inflammatory skin conditions

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Stress may make you itch
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - New, promising antibiotics in fight against MRSA superbug
  2. October 30, 2008 - New Chemical Key Could Unlock Hundreds Of New Antibiotics - also here, here
Background


Ghrelin and obesity

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Scientists develop a new strategy to fight obesity
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Genetic evidence for avian influenza movement from Asia to North America via wild birds - also here
  2. October 28, 2008 - Wild birds carry avian flu viruses to U.S.: report
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Jab hope for rheumatoid arthritis
  2. October 28, 2008 - Anti-TNF drug helps RA patients stay on the job
  3. October 30, 2008 - Gum disease common with rheumatoid arthritis
Background


Epigenetic effects of prenatal malnutrition

References:
  1. October 27, 2008 - Fetal genes record mum's starvation
  2. October 31, 2008 - First evidence that prenatal exposure to famine may lead to persistent epigenetic changes - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Malaria takes on the top meds
  2. October 31, 2008 - Researchers characterize potential protein targets for malaria vaccine - also here
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Fight Obesity With New Antibody That Degrades Appetite Stimulant?
  2. October 31, 2008 - Too much weight in pregnancy can make baby fat
  3. October 31, 2008 - Gaining Too Much Weight During Pregnancy Nearly Doubles Risk Of Having A Heavy Baby - also here, here
  4. November 2, 2008 - Simple Blood Test Predicts Obesity - also here
Background


Stress and inflammation

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Stress May Make You Itch
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - Nanoparticles Target Multiple Cancer Genes, Shrink Tumors More Effectively
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. October 28, 2008 - 'Superbug' bacteria are quickly growing threat
Background


C-reactive protein and myocardial infarction

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Study clears protein as cause of heart disease
  2. October 29, 2008 - Study Clears Protein Long a Suspect in Artery Damage
Background


Bacterial evasion of the immune system

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Gene against bacterial attack unravelled - also here, here
Background Background


Systems biology, glycomics, and inflammatory diseases

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - Researchers Apply Systems Biology and Glycomics to Study Human Inflammatory Diseases - also here, here
Background, Background


Influenza vaccines

References:
  1. October 29, 2008 - New intranasal influenza vaccine triggers robust immunity with significantly less antigen - also here
Background, Background


Fat cells and melanin

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - New Drug Target In Obesity: Fat Cells Make Lots Of Melanin - also here
  2. November 7, 2008 - Melanin Production Discovered In Fat Tissue May Protect Some Individuals Against Chronic Diseases Associated With Obesity - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 30, 2008 - Cells with extra chromosomes share detrimental traits
  2. October 31, 2008 - Key Mechanism Behind Cancer Spread Is Explained
  3. October 31, 2008 - Shape shift rules cancer spread
  4. November 2, 2008 - Scientists find genes that lift lung cancer risk
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - By Imaging Live Cells, Researchers Show How Hepatitis C Replicates - also here
  2. October 31, 2008 - Protein Signature May Predict Who Responds to Hepatitis C Treatment
  3. November 1, 2008 - Impressive Vertex hepatitis C drug data unveiled
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Stem cell therapies for heart disease -- 1 step closer - also here, here
  2. October 31, 2008 - Simple chemical procedure augments therapeutic potential of stem cells - also here, here
  3. October 31, 2008 - Honeycomb to mend a broken heart
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. October 31, 2008 - Can rectal vitamin E induce remission in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis?
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. November 1, 2008 - Interferon Could Be A Key To Preventing Or Treating Multiple Sclerosis - also here
Background


Weight-loss drugs

References:
  1. November 1, 2008 - The yo-yo world of diet drugs
  2. November 5, 2008 - Sanofi scraps all trials of Acomplia
  3. November 7, 2008 - Weight loss drugs scrapped
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. November 2, 2008 - Mending broken hearts with tissue engineering - also here, here
Background


RNAi therapy for cancer

References:
  1. November 2, 2008 - Substance tackles skin cancer from two sides - also here, here
Background, Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved