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Volume 7, Number 51
December 22, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Dark energy
Extrasolar planets
Global warming
Carbon nanotubes
Water on Mars
Fuel cells
K-T mass extinction
Methane on Titan
Enceladus
Methane
Exobiology
Microfluidics
Stellar modeling
Quantum communication
Black holes
Phonon-based memory
Cosmic inflation
Superpiles
Transparent nanotube electronics
Planetary sysetm formation
Water near distant quasars
Quantum information
Ocean acidification
Complex data analysis
Magnetic semiconductors
Flexible electronics
Graphene transistors
Primordial black holes
Carbon nanotube brain-computer interfaces

Life sciences

Telomerase
Meiosis
Depression and "learned safety"
Brain-imaging studies
Nitric oxide and synaptogenesis
Emotion, aging, and memory retention
Graphical models
Calorie restriction and aging
Soybean genome
RNAi gene silencing
Reward, stress, and addiction
Indirect readout of DNA
Cilia
Divergent polymerase transcription
Face recognition
Spatial mapping neurons
Ubiquitylation and transcription
Sumoylation, ubiquitination, and DNA repair
DNA methylation
Sex differences in spatial skills
Magnetotactic bacteria
Neural plasticity
Mapk signaling
Natural ligation of RNA
Synesthesia
Vision and movement
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Homo floresiensis
Last universal common ancestor
Ion channels
Monoclonal antibody sequencing
Cryptic transcription
Cytochrome C and inhibition of apoptosis
Biofilms
Mirror neurons

Health and medicine

Cancer
Cancer biology
RNA interference and cancer
Cardiovascular disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Avian flu
Diabetes
Alzheimer's disease
Stem cells
Obesity
Lupus
Sleep-disordered breathing and metabolic rate
Antioxidants
Nanobiotechnology
AIDS
Multiple sclerosis
Genetics and cholesterol
Antibiotics
Depression
Omega-3 fatty acids
Vitamin D
Psoriasis
Vaccines
Autism and schizophrenia
Cancer stem cells
Vitamin E
Comorbidities of obstructive sleep apnea
Inflammatory bowel disease and hedgehog signaling
Salmonella infection
Mathematical modeling of infectious diseases
Genetics of borderline personality disorder
Catalog of inherited-disease pathologies



Physical sciences and technology


Dark energy

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Dark Energy Constantly With Us
  2. December 16, 2008 - X-ray measurements boost dark energy theory
  3. December 16, 2008 - Galaxy Clusters Throttled by Dark Energy
  4. December 16, 2008 - Mysterious Dark Energy Confirmed By New Method
  5. December 16, 2008 - Galaxy clusters' stunted growth confirms dark energy
  6. December 16, 2008 - Strange dark energy acts as galactic diet enforcer
  7. December 17, 2008 - Dark energy pushing universe apart
  8. December 17, 2008 - Dark Energy Found Stifling Growth In Universe - also here, here
  9. December 17, 2008 - Light on the dark energy mystery
  10. December 18, 2008 - Dark energy expands and contracts universe
  11. December 18, 2008 - Dark Energy: Real and Overwhelming
  12. December 19, 2008 - Dark Energy Independently Confirmed
  13. January 26, 2009 - The accelerating universe viewed in a new light
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Finding distant Earths faster
  2. December 18, 2008 - NASA's Kepler Spacecraft Ready to Ship to Florida
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Does global warming lead to a change in upper atmospheric transport? - also here
  2. December 15, 2008 - Cleaning the Air Helps Cool the Planet
  3. December 16, 2008 - Greenland's Glaciers Losing Ice Faster This Year Than Last Year, Which Was Record-setting Itself - also here
  4. December 16, 2008 - This year is coolest since 2000
  5. December 16, 2008 - Changes 'amplify Arctic warming'
  6. December 16, 2008 - Over 2T tons of ice melted in arctic since '03
  7. December 16, 2008 - NASA reports 2008 is ninth warmest year since 1880
  8. December 17, 2008 - Arctic warming spurs record melting
  9. December 17, 2008 - 2008 cooler, but world still warming
  10. December 17, 2008 - Cosmic Rays Do Not Explain Global Warming, Study Finds - also here
  11. December 17, 2008 - Study links ecosystem changes in temperate lakes to climate warming - also here, here
  12. December 17, 2008 - Glut of hot years a coincidence? Fat chance
  13. December 17, 2008 - No quick or easy technological fix for climate change, researchers say - also here, here
  14. December 18, 2008 - Did Early Global Warming Divert A New Glacial Age? - also here, here
  15. December 18, 2008 - Global Warming Impacts On U.S. Coming Sooner Than Expected, Report Predicts - also here
  16. December 18, 2008 - Climate change could dramatically affect water supplies - also here, here, here
  17. December 19, 2008 - Heat Waves And Crop Losses Predicted For California
  18. December 19, 2008 - Abrupt climate shifts may move faster than thought - also here
  19. December 19, 2008 - Stronger coastal winds due to climate change may have far-reaching effects - also here
  20. December 19, 2008 - NASA Study Links Severe Storm Increases, Global Warming - also here
  21. December 19, 2008 - Swiss glaciers 'in full retreat'
  22. December 19, 2008 - Arctic melt 20 years ahead of climate models
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Measuring conductance of carbon nanotubes, one by one
  2. December 15, 2008 - Flawed nanotubes could be perfect silicon replacement
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Lander Data Sheds Light on Mars Polar Water
  2. December 18, 2008 - Mineral points to Martian water suitable for life
  3. December 18, 2008 - Discovery Indicates Mars Was Habitable
  4. December 18, 2008 - Mars find suggests area may have been hospitable
  5. December 19, 2008 - Life on Mars? "Missing Mineral" Find Boosts Chances
  6. December 19, 2008 - Carbonate deposits found on Mars
  7. December 19, 2008 - Life On Mars? Elusive Mineral Bolsters Chances - also here
  8. December 19, 2008 - Nasa finds 'missing' Mars mineral
  9. December 19, 2008 - Long-sought carbonate minerals found on Mars
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Platinum-free fuel cell promises cheap, green power
Background


K-T mass extinction

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Dinosaur Killer May Have Been Volcanism, Not Asteroid
  2. December 16, 2008 - Volcanoes implicated in death of dinosaurs
  3. December 16, 2008 - Fight over dinosaur death flares anew in S.F.
Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - First-Ever Photo of Liquid on Extraterrestrial World
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Comet Impact Triggered Saturn Moon's Huge Jets?
  2. December 16, 2008 - Enceladus has 'spreading surface'
  3. December 16, 2008 - Tiny Saturn Moon ID'd As Good Candidate For Alien Life
  4. December 21, 2008 - Saturn's Dynamic Moon Enceladus Shows More Signs Of Activity - also here
Background


Methane

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Global methane levels move upward again
  2. December 18, 2008 - Scientists Find Increased Methane Levels In Arctic Ocean
  3. December 22, 2008 - Methane Bubbling Up From Undersea Permafrost?
Background


Exobiology

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Ocean-bearing Planets: Looking For Extraterrestrial Life In All The Right Places
  2. December 18, 2008 - Habitable Planets: Four Types Proposed
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Close encounters with 3-D cell growth - also here
Background


Stellar modeling

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Hottest Stars in Delicate Embrace by Spiral Arms
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Gas memory could send spooky messages the full distance
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Black Holes Are Like Doughnut Holes
  2. December 17, 2008 - Seeing The Shape Of Material Around Black Holes For First Time - also here, here
Background


Phonon-based memory

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Controlling the flow of heat could be another way to store digital information
  2. January 7, 2009 - Scientists Propose Thermal Memory to Store Data
Background


Cosmic inflation

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - First clues to what came before the Big Bang
  2. December 18, 2008 - What Came Before The Big Bang? Interpreting Asymmetry In Early Universe - also here, here
  3. December 23, 2008 - Analysis of radiation left over from the Big Bang point to a possible new type of field in early universe
  4. January 13, 2009 - Glimpse Before Big Bang Possible
Background


Superpiles

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Ancient Magma 'Superpiles' May Have Shaped The Continents - also here
Background


Transparent nanotube electronics

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Researchers print dense lattice of transparent nanotube transistors on flexible base - also here, here
Background, Background


Planetary sysetm formation

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Planets Living on the Edge
Background


Water near distant quasars

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Most Distant Water in the Universe Found
  2. December 17, 2008 - 'Megamaser' is most distant sign of cosmic water
  3. December 19, 2008 - 'Wet' Early Universe: Water Vapor Detected At Record Distance
Background, Background


Quantum information

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Experiment verifies Nobel-winning theory: Physicists take important step towards "quantum state engineering"
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Ocean Acidification Could Have Broad Effects On Marine Ecosystems - also here
Background, Background


Complex data analysis

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Computational Tool To Untangle Complex Data Developed - also here, here
Background


Magnetic semiconductors

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Research In Magnetic Semiconductors Leading to Advances in Computing
Background


Flexible electronics

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Flexible Polymer Transistors 'Printed' Using Ultraviolet Light
Background


Graphene transistors

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Scientists Develop World's Fastest Graphene Transistor
Background, Background


Primordial black holes

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Burrowing black holes devoured first stars from within
Background


Carbon nanotube brain-computer interfaces

References:
  1. December 21, 2008 - New 'smart' materials for the brain - also here
Background, Background



Life sciences


Telomerase

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Key Step In Maturation Pathway Of Telomerase Identified
Background


Meiosis

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Meiosis: Cueing Up At The Meiotic Starting Line
Background


Depression and "learned safety"

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Safety Can be Learned - and Helps Combat Depression
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - New Mechanism For Attentional Control In The Human Brain Discovered - also here
  2. December 17, 2008 - Anxious? Do a crossword puzzle
  3. December 18, 2008 - Stress-related Disorders Affect Brainís Processing Of Memory
Background


Nitric oxide and synaptogenesis

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Multiple axons and actions with PSD-95 - also here
Background


Emotion, aging, and memory retention

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Old and young brains rely on different systems to remember emotional content - also here
  2. December 16, 2008 - Old People Store Bad Memories Differently
  3. December 17, 2008 - Aging brains allow negative memories to fade - also here
Background, Background, Background


Graphical models

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - New Mathematical Tool Could Unpick Complex Cancer Causes And Help Sociologists Mine Facebook - also here
Background


Calorie restriction and aging

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Both theories about human cellular aging supported by new research - also here
  2. December 17, 2008 - Study in yeasts suggests long life is more than protection from random accumulation of cell damage
Background


Soybean genome

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Simple soybean anything but - genetically, researcher says
Background


RNAi gene silencing

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - How genes are silenced
Background


Reward, stress, and addiction

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Reward-stress link points to new targets for treating addiction - also here, here
Background


Indirect readout of DNA

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Just a little squeeze lets proteins assess DNA - also here, here
Background


Cilia

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Primary cilium as cellular 'GPS system' crucial to wound repair - also here
Background


Divergent polymerase transcription

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Technique provides snapshot of all genes in human genome
Background


Face recognition

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - People, chimpanzees and even macaque monkeys may exploit related brain areas to recognize faces
  2. December 18, 2008 - Humans and chimps register faces by using similar brain regions - also here
Background


Spatial mapping neurons

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Neurons on border patrol
Background


Ubiquitylation and transcription

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - New Way In Which Ubiquitin Modifies Transcriptional Machinery Discovered - also here, here
Background


Sumoylation, ubiquitination, and DNA repair

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Cellular Task Force To Safeguard Genome Stability
Background


DNA methylation

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Work With Fungus Uncovering Keys To DNA Methylation - also here
Background


Sex differences in spatial skills

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Sex Difference On Spatial Skill Test Linked To Brain Structure - also here, here
Background, Background


Magnetotactic bacteria

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Tiny Magnetic Crystals In Bacteria Are A Compass - also here, here
Background


Neural plasticity

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - New Discovery Could Rejuvenate the Brain
Background


Mapk signaling

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Researchers Track How Biology's Army Is Mobilized
Background


Natural ligation of RNA

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - A simple fusion to jump-start evolution - also here
Background, Background


Synesthesia

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - First cases of touch-emotion synaesthesia discovered
Background


Vision and movement

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Study indicates how we make proper movements - also here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Breakthrough In Generating Novel Types Of Stem Cells - also here
  2. December 19, 2008 - Single Virus Used To Convert Adult Cells To Embryonic Stem Cell-like Cells - also here
  3. December 21, 2008 - Patient-derived Induced Stem Cells Retain Disease Traits - also here, here
  4. December 22, 2008 - Gene disease 'recreated in lab'
  5. December 22, 2008 - Reprogrammed skin cells provide testing ground for new drugs
  6. December 23, 2008 - Scientists recreate nerve disease to study it
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - 'Hobbit' Fossils Represent A New Species, Concludes Anthropologist - also here, here
  2. January 8, 2009 - 'Hobbit' fossils a new species, anthropologist says
Background


Last universal common ancestor

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Earth's Original Ancestor Was 'LUCA' - also here, here
Background


Ion channels

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Researchers advance knowledge of little 'nano-machines' in our body - also here, here
Background


Monoclonal antibody sequencing

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Potentially disruptive antibody sequencing technology developed - also here
Background


Cryptic transcription

References:
  1. December 20, 2008 - How Genes And Proteins Interact To Build Life's Dynamic Architecture - also here
Background, Background


Cytochrome C and inhibition of apoptosis

References:
  1. December 20, 2008 - Shared Survival Mechanism Explains Why 'Good' Nerve Cells Last And 'Bad' Cancer Cells Flourish - also here
Background, Background, Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. December 20, 2008 - Unusual microbial ropes grow slowly in cave lake - also here, here
Background


Mirror neurons

References:
  1. December 21, 2008 - How Mirror Neurons Allow Us To Learn And Socialize By Going Through The Motions In The Head - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Radiation therapy cuts prostate cancer death: study
  2. December 15, 2008 - Fruits, veggies slash breast cancer risk: U.S. study
  3. December 15, 2008 - Possible way to treat ovarian cancer reported
  4. December 15, 2008 - Estrogen in moisturizers may worsen breast cancer
  5. December 15, 2008 - Diabetes may be linked to risk of lymphoma
  6. December 15, 2008 - Dual Therapy Best for Nasty Prostate Cancer
  7. December 15, 2008 - Prostate Cancer Screening Program Shows High Compliance And Consistent Results In More Than 38,000 Men - also here
  8. December 15, 2008 - Narrow-band Imaging Comparable To White Light Colonoscopy In Differentiating Colorectal Polyps
  9. December 15, 2008 - Tracking The Molecular Pathway To Mixed-lineage Leukemia - also here
  10. December 15, 2008 - Proinflammatory Cytokines Could Help Improve Diagnosis And Treatment Of Prostate Cancer
  11. December 15, 2008 - Colonoscopy significantly reduces death from left-sided colon cancer but not from right-sided - also here
  12. December 15, 2008 - Colonoscopies Miss Many Cancers, Study Finds
  13. December 16, 2008 - Cancer even deadlier for people with diabetes
  14. December 16, 2008 - Smoking linked to colorectal cancer deaths
  15. December 16, 2008 - Real-world colonoscopy benefit seen more limited
  16. December 16, 2008 - Viewing Cancer Cells In 'Real' Time: Spotlights Tumor's Microenvironment In Living Mouse - also here
  17. December 16, 2008 - Diet may cut risk of breast cancer recurrence in women without hot flashes - also here
  18. December 16, 2008 - Pre-existing diabetes for persons diagnosed with cancer associated with increased risk of death - also here
  19. December 16, 2008 - Combo treatment for prostate cancer cuts deaths
  20. December 17, 2008 - New drug promising for melanoma
  21. December 17, 2008 - Improved stool DNA test helps spot colon cancer - also here
  22. December 17, 2008 - Annals Colonoscopy Study Underscores Importance Of Quality Standards - also here, here
  23. December 17, 2008 - ASGE urges patients to seek a qualified endoscopist before undergoing a colonoscopy
  24. December 17, 2008 - Targeting By Degradation: A New Way Forward For Treating Leukemias?
  25. December 17, 2008 - Gene Mutations Linked to Statin Resistance
  26. December 18, 2008 - Smoking Associated With Increased Risk For Colorectal Cancer And Death - also here
  27. December 18, 2008 - Lean Muscle Mass Helps Even Obese Patients Battle Cancer - also here, here, here
  28. December 18, 2008 - New anti-cancer components of extra-virgin olive oil revealed - also here
  29. December 18, 2008 - Scientists study how asbestos fibers trigger cancer in human cells - also here
  30. December 19, 2008 - U.S. OKs Novartis Gleevec to reduce recurring cancer
  31. December 19, 2008 - Drinkers With Alcohol Dehydrogenase Gene Are At Greater Risk Of Colorectal Cancer
  32. December 19, 2008 - Cancer Treatment: Aromatase Inhibitors More Effective Than Tamoxifen In Preventing Cancer From Coming Back
  33. December 19, 2008 - Dangerous skin cancer
  34. December 19, 2008 - Not Just for Depression Anymore - also here, here
  35. December 20, 2008 - Hotel, Restaurant And Carpentry Trades Are Among Professions Posing Highest Risks For Cancer Of The Esophagus
  36. December 21, 2008 - Modified Gene Targets Cancer Cells One Thousand Times More Often Than Healthy Cells - also here, here
  37. December 21, 2008 - Cough Medicine Ingredient Could Effectively Treat Prostate Cancer, Study Shows - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Blocking an enzyme involved in the pathway of cell proliferation eliminated tumors in mice
  2. December 15, 2008 - Exciting discovery could 'stop cancer from killing people'
  3. December 15, 2008 - Researchers find gene function 'lost' in melanoma and glioblastoma - also here
  4. December 15, 2008 - Breast cancer genome shows evolution, instability of cancer - also here
  5. December 15, 2008 - Gene subnetworks predict cancer spread - also here
  6. December 15, 2008 - Researchers map new path to colon cancer therapy - also here
  7. December 17, 2008 - Enzyme Inventory Affects Ovarian Cancer Outlook
  8. December 18, 2008 - Stem Cells And Leukemia Battle For Marrow Microenvironment - also here
  9. December 18, 2008 - Fatal attraction: How leukemia seduces blood cells
  10. December 18, 2008 - New Anti-tumor Gene Identified - also here, here
  11. December 19, 2008 - Leukaemia sirens seduce healthy cells
  12. December 19, 2008 - Study Of Placenta Unexpectedly Leads To Cancer Gene - also here, here
  13. December 21, 2008 - Newly Identified Gene Powerful Predictor Of Colon Cancer Metastasis - also here
Background


RNA interference and cancer

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Stopping ovarian cancer by blocking proteins coded by notorious gene - also here
  2. December 17, 2008 - Weakened RNA Interference Reduces Survival In Ovarian Cancer - also here
Background, Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Lifestyle may be why distress is hard on the heart
  2. December 15, 2008 - For elderly, blood pressure spikes mar thinking
  3. December 15, 2008 - Innovative MRI-based Technique
  4. December 15, 2008 - Prostaglandin receptor key to atherosclerosis development - also here
  5. December 16, 2008 - Living with extended family hard on women's hearts
  6. December 16, 2008 - New study 'pardons' the misunderstood egg
  7. December 17, 2008 - Cardiac Stent Patients With Diabetes May Benefit From Drug That Counteracts Effects Of Leptin - also here
  8. December 17, 2008 - High Blood Pressure May Make It Difficult For The Elderly To Think Clearly - also here
  9. December 18, 2008 - Biomarkers Improve Ischemic Stroke Prediction - also here, here
  10. December 18, 2008 - Better patient outcomes with drug eluting stents - also here, here
  11. December 19, 2008 - Sleep duration and cardiac death link seen in study
  12. December 19, 2008 - Depression, Anxiety Spur Poor Health Habits, Damaging Heart And Blood Vessels - also here
  13. December 20, 2008 - Inflamed Gums Linked To Heart Disease - also here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Rheumatoid arthritis therapy has improved steadily
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Egyptian girl dies of bird flu
  2. December 16, 2008 - China reports bird flu outbreak
  3. December 16, 2008 - Fresh bird flu outbreak in India
  4. December 17, 2008 - China cull amid bird flu outbreak
  5. December 21, 2008 - Cambodian survives H5N1 bird flu virus: official
  6. December 21, 2008 - Taiwan culls 18,000 chickens after avian flu discovered
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - CPAP Improves Sleeping Glucose Levels In Type 2 Diabetes Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea - also here
  2. December 16, 2008 - Diabetes control better with low-glycemic diet
  3. December 17, 2008 - Damage may already be done in advanced diabetes
  4. December 17, 2008 - U.S. FDA seeks more study of diabetes drug heart risk
  5. December 17, 2008 - Fitness impacts diabetics more than fatness
  6. December 17, 2008 - Vitamin B1 Could Reverse Early-stage Kidney Disease In Diabetes Patients
  7. December 17, 2008 - Low-glycemic diet shows greater improvement in glycemic control than high-fiber diet - also here
  8. December 17, 2008 - High blood sugar's impact on immune system holds clues to improving islet cell transplants
  9. December 18, 2008 - More exercise may prevent diabetes in black women
  10. December 18, 2008 - Common infant virus may trigger type 1 diabetes - also here
  11. December 18, 2008 - Low glycemic diet better for glycemic control of type 2 diabetes than whole grains
  12. December 19, 2008 - Metformin can prevent postpartum diabetes
  13. December 19, 2008 - Breakthrough In Understanding Development Of Type 1 Diabetes - also here, here
  14. December 19, 2008 - Nearly Three-quarters Of Youths With Diabetes Insufficient In Vitamin D - also here
  15. December 21, 2008 - New Gene Found To Be Associated With Widely Used Marker Of Blood Glucose Concentration - also here
  16. December 22, 2008 - Increasing Physical Activity And Limiting Television May Lead To Reduction In Type 2 Diabetes
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Alzheimer's Research Using Animal Models Significantly Increases Understanding Of The Disease - also here
  2. December 18, 2008 - MRI brain scans accurate in early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease - also here
  3. December 21, 2008 - Two cardiovascular proteins pose a double whammy in Alzheimer's - also here, here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Understanding Of Bone Marrow Stem Cell Niche Expanded
  2. December 15, 2008 - Newly discovered esophagus stem cells grow into transplantable tissue - also here
  3. December 16, 2008 - Electricity sparks stem-cell transformation
  4. December 18, 2008 - Stem-cells Drug Testing Predicted To Boom Under Obama
  5. December 18, 2008 - Clinical Trial Demonstrates Safety Of Pre-transplant Expansion Of Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells
  6. December 19, 2008 - Between Dormancy And Self-renewal: Mouse Model Shows Blood Stem Cells In Action
  7. December 19, 2008 - New Way To More Rapidly Generate Bone Tissue Developed - also here
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Childhood Obesity Linked To Asthma
  2. December 17, 2008 - Obesity 'set before age of five'
  3. December 17, 2008 - Study Shows Exercise May Mitigate Mental Risks Caused by 'Belly Fat'
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Hope For The Treatment Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Background


Sleep-disordered breathing and metabolic rate

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Breathing problems during sleep associated with calories burned at rest - also here
  2. December 16, 2008 - Heavy snorers 'burn more energy'
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Radical Scavengers in Red Smear Cheeses
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. December 15, 2008 - Tiny delivery system with a big impact on cancer cells - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - HIV infects women through healthy tissue: U.S. study
  2. December 17, 2008 - New Way Men Can Transmit HIV To Women - also here
  3. December 17, 2008 - Synthetic Molecules Prevent HIV Virus From Reproducing Within The Body, Study Suggests - also here, here
  4. December 17, 2008 - Women 'may face greater HIV risk'
  5. December 18, 2008 - Primate offers missing link to ancestor of the Aids virus
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - MS drug Tysabri may promote brain infection: study
  2. December 17, 2008 - MRI scans can predict effects of MS flare-ups on optic nerve - also here, here
  3. December 20, 2008 - Popular Hypothesis Concerning Emergence Of Multiple Sclerosis Contested
Background


Genetics and cholesterol

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Single letter in the human genome points to risk for high cholesterol
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. December 16, 2008 - Genes involved in antibiotic resistance vary within a species - also here
  2. December 19, 2008 - Blocking the spread of antibiotic resistance in bacteria - also here, here
  3. December 19, 2008 - New research may help prolong effectiveness of antibiotics
  4. December 21, 2008 - Bacteria Tricked Into Killing Themselves To Survive - also here, here
Background


Depression

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Older antidepressants work for Parkinson patients
  2. December 17, 2008 - Are older antidepressants better for depression in Parkinson's disease? - also here
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - A little wine may boost heart-healthy omega-3
Background


Vitamin D

References:
  1. December 17, 2008 - Vitamin D deficiency in infants and nursing mothers carries long-term disease risks - also here
Background, Background, Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Patients With Severe Psoriasis Need Evaluation Of Heart Disease Risk - also here, here
  2. December 19, 2008 - Higher Levels Of Obesity-related Hormone Found In Patients With Psoriasis - also here
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Hi-tech Vaccine Designed By Students Shows Promise Against Ulcer Causing Bacteria
Background


Autism and schizophrenia

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Autism And Schizophrenia Share Common Origin, Review Suggests - also here
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Molecular marker identifies normal stem cells as intestinal tumor source - also here, here
  2. December 21, 2008 - Bowel cancer link to stem cells
Background, Background


Vitamin E

References:
  1. December 18, 2008 - Should Anyone Still Take Vitamin E?
Background, Background, Background, Background, Background


Comorbidities of obstructive sleep apnea

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Data Mining Of Inpatient Records Reveals The Disease Pattern Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea - also here
Background, Background, Background


Inflammatory bowel disease and hedgehog signaling

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Shedding Light On Cause Of Bowel Disease
Background


Salmonella infection

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Gut Instinct: Salmonella Bacteria's Molecular Tactics To Cause Illness - also here
  2. December 21, 2008 - Manipulating Salmonella In Spaceflight Curtails Infectiousness
Background, Background


Mathematical modeling of infectious diseases

References:
  1. December 19, 2008 - Professor helps control infectious diseases with models and math - also here, here
Background


Genetics of borderline personality disorder

References:
  1. December 20, 2008 - Possible Genetic Causes Of Borderline Personality Disorder Identified - also here, here
Background


Catalog of inherited-disease pathologies

References:
  1. December 21, 2008 - Researchers Compile 'Molecular Manual' For Hundreds Of Inherited Diseases - also here, here
  2. December 27, 2008 - Molecular Manual For Hundreds Of Inherited Diseases Developed
Background


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