Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 8, Number 1
January 5, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Supersolidity
Nanotechnology
Dark matter
Scarcity of dry land 2.5 Gya
Superconductivity
Ocean acidification
Galaxy collisions
Quantum memory
Squeezing light
Large Hadron Collider
Water on Mars
Star formation in molecular clouds

Life sciences

Facial expressions of emotion
Novelty-seeking and dopamine
Neanderthals
Speciation
Dolphin tool use
Egg fertilization
Brain-imaging studies

Health and medicine

Cancer
Genetics of 1918 influenza
Cardiovascular disease
Avian flu
Hepatitis C
Cancer biology
Inflammation
Pterostilbene and aging
Stem cells
Neuron death
Nanobiotechnology
MicroRNA and cancer
Diabetes
Alzheimer's disease
High-fat diet and circadian rhythm
Cognitive impairment and blood glucose levels
Gene therapy
Parkinson's disease
HMGCR and cholesterol
Multiple sclerosis
Cancer stem cells
Inflammatory bowel disease



Physical sciences and technology


Supersolidity

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - How Helium Can Be Solid And Perfect Liquid At Same Time, Now Explained By Computer-assisted Physics
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - New 'Nanowelding' Technique for Building Electronic Nanostructures
  2. January 2, 2009 - The Gold Standard: Nanoparticles Used To Make 3-D DNA Nanotubes - also here, here
  3. January 2, 2009 - Using light to move and trap DNA molecules
  4. January 5, 2009 - Nano 'Tractor Beam' Traps DNA
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - Astronomers Aim to Grasp Mysterious Dark Matter
Background


Scarcity of dry land 2.5 Gya

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Ancient Earth was a barren waterworld
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. January 1, 2009 - Crystallographers Use Computers To Find New Superconductor
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. January 1, 2009 - Ocean Acidification Hits Great Barrier Reef
Background, Background


Galaxy collisions

References:
  1. January 2, 2009 - Galaxies' collision history revealed
Background


Quantum memory

References:
  1. January 2, 2009 - Scientists Extend the Lifetime of Quantum Memory
Background


Squeezing light

References:
  1. January 2, 2009 - Physicists are first to 'squeeze' light to quantum limit - also here, here
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. January 2, 2009 - Collider head's repair confidence
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. January 2, 2009 - Mystery stone circles may point to water on Mars
Background


Star formation in molecular clouds

References:
  1. January 4, 2009 - New Visualization Techniques Yield Star Formation Insights: Gravity Plays Larger Role Than Thought - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Facial expressions of emotion

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - Smiles and scowls 'in our genes'
  2. December 30, 2008 - Facial Expressions Of Emotion Are Innate, Not Learned - also here, here
Background


Novelty-seeking and dopamine

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Fewer Dopamine Receptors Makes for Risky Business
  2. December 31, 2008 - Risk Takers, Drug Abusers Driven By Decreased Ability To Process Dopamine - also here, here
  3. December 31, 2008 - Evidence of 'risk-taking' brain
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Competition, Not Climate Change, Led To Neanderthal Extinction, Study Shows - also here, here
Background


Speciation

References:
  1. January 1, 2009 - Longstanding Theory Of Origin Of Species In Oceans Challenged
Background


Dolphin tool use

References:
  1. January 3, 2009 - Dolphins wield tools of the sea
Background


Egg fertilization

References:
  1. January 3, 2009 - Fine-scale structure of egg crucial for fertility
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 4, 2009 - Expectant Brains Help Predict Anxiety Treatment Success - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - Lung cancer link to food additive
  2. December 29, 2008 - Processed food may fuel lung tumors: Korean study
  3. December 29, 2008 - Ovarian Cancer: Obese and non-obese patients have same overall survival - also here, here
  4. December 29, 2008 - FDA approves new prostate cancer drug
  5. December 30, 2008 - High insulin levels may increase breast cancer risk
  6. December 30, 2008 - No cancer risk reductions seen with antioxidants
  7. December 30, 2008 - Antioxidants fail again in cancer prevention study
  8. December 30, 2008 - Molecule That Targets Brain Tumors Identified - also here, here
  9. December 30, 2008 - Common Food Additive Found To Increase Risk And Speed Spread Of Lung Cancer - also here, here
  10. December 30, 2008 - Young blood fights cancer
  11. December 30, 2008 - Marinating 'may cut cancer risk'
  12. December 30, 2008 - Beer marinade cuts steak cancer risk
  13. December 31, 2008 - Esophageal cancer linked to osteoporosis drugs
  14. December 31, 2008 - Study points to way of stopping lung cancer spread
  15. December 31, 2008 - Why Prostate Cancer Patients Fail Hormone Deprivation Therapy - also here
  16. December 31, 2008 - New Light On Anti-tumor Mechanisms Of Scutellaria Barbata - also here
  17. December 31, 2008 - High Insulin Level Is An Independent Risk Factor For Breast Cancer
  18. December 31, 2008 - Grape extract kills cancer cells
  19. December 31, 2008 - Test could offer lung cancer clue
  20. January 1, 2009 - Surgery underused for esophagus cancer: study
  21. January 1, 2009 - Grape-seed Extract Kills Laboratory Leukemia Cells, Proving Value Of Natural Compounds - also here, here
  22. January 2, 2009 - Cough medicine ingredient may treat prostate cancer
  23. January 2, 2009 - Family History Of Prostate Cancer Does Not Affect Some Treatment Outcomes - also here, here
  24. January 2, 2009 - Inherited Factors Play Important Role In Breast Cancer Progression According To New Study In Mice
  25. January 2, 2009 - Molecular imaging enables earlier, individualized treatment of thyroid cancer - also here
  26. January 4, 2009 - Vitamins C And E And Beta Carotene Again Fail To Reduce Cancer Risk In Randomized Controlled Trial - also here
Background


Genetics of 1918 influenza

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - Researchers unlock secrets of 1918 flu pandemic
  2. December 31, 2008 - Genes That Made 1918 Flu Lethal Isolated - also here, here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - Key gene linked to high blood pressure identified
  2. December 30, 2008 - Common gene variant linked to high blood pressure identified - also here, here
  3. December 30, 2008 - High vitamin C linked to lower BP in young women
  4. December 30, 2008 - Stroke deaths unexplained by customary risk factors
  5. December 30, 2008 - "White-coat" hypertension not benign in diabetics
  6. December 30, 2008 - 'Blood pressure gene' affects 20%
  7. December 31, 2008 - Headache before stroke more common in migraineurs
  8. January 1, 2009 - Smokers with stroke in the family 6 times more likely to have stroke too - also here, here
  9. January 3, 2009 - Genetic variation may lead to early cardiovascular disease - also here, here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - Bird flu found in poultry in northern Vietnam
  2. December 30, 2008 - Hong Kong-born baby girl contracts mild form of bird flu
  3. January 3, 2009 - India's West Bengal reports fresh bird flu outbreak
  4. January 4, 2009 - Bird flu re-surfaces in crowded Indian state
  5. January 4, 2009 - New bird flu cases revive fears of human pandemic - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. December 29, 2008 - May Hepatic Granulomas Be Part Of The Histological Spectrum Of Chronic Hepatitis C? - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Many studies needed to tie genes to cancer: study
  2. December 30, 2008 - Inflammation Contributes to Colon Cancer - also here, here, here
  3. December 30, 2008 - Few DNA Repair Genes Maintain Association With Cancer In Field Synopsis
  4. December 31, 2008 - Small Molecules, Large Effect: How Cancer Cells Ensure Their Survival
  5. December 31, 2008 - In lung cancer, silencing one crucial gene disrupts normal functioning of genome - also here, here
  6. December 31, 2008 - Lung cancer cells activate inflammation to induce metastasis - also here, here
  7. January 2, 2009 - Dormant cancer cells rely on cellular self-cannibalization to survive - also here, here
  8. January 3, 2009 - Novel Pathway Involved In Therapy-resistant Cancers Discovered
  9. January 3, 2009 - Scientists Pull Protein's Tail To Curtail Cancer - also here
Background


Inflammation

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Potential New Molecule To Prevent Inflammation
Background


Pterostilbene and aging

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Berry Compound Reduces Aging Effect
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Brain Birth Defects Successfully Reversed Through Stem Cell Therapy - also here, here
Background


Neuron death

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Matrix fragments trigger fatal excitement - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Gold nanoparticles for controlled drug delivery - also here
  2. January 4, 2009 - Nano device 'times drug release'
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. December 30, 2008 - Study links molecule to muscle maturation, muscle cancer - also here
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 31, 2008 - Diabetes can slow the brain, study finds
  2. January 1, 2009 - Risk of diabetes in pregnancy higher in some women
  3. January 1, 2009 - Type 1 Diabetes: Pancreatic Cell Transplants Engineered To Evade Immune Response - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 31, 2008 - Moderate Drinking Can Reduce Risks Of Alzheimer's Dementia And Cognitive Decline, Analysis Suggests - also here, here
  2. December 31, 2008 - Scientists make strides toward defining genetic signature of Alzheimer's disease - also here
Background


High-fat diet and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. December 31, 2008 - Another Reason To Avoid High-fat Diet: It Can Disrupt Our Biological Clock, Say Researchers - also here, here
Background


Cognitive impairment and blood glucose levels

References:
  1. December 31, 2008 - Blood Sugar Linked To Normal Cognitive Aging - also here, here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 31, 2008 - Gene Therapy Reversed Heart Damage In Rats With Heart Failure
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 2, 2009 - Toxicity Mechanism Identified For Parkinson's Disease - also here, here
Background


HMGCR and cholesterol

References:
  1. January 3, 2009 - Single Letter In Human Genome Points To Risk For High Cholesterol
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. January 4, 2009 - Immune Molecule Decreases Severity Of Multiple Sclerosis-like Disease In Mice
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. January 4, 2009 - Researchers develop novel glioblastoma mouse model - also here, here
Background, Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. January 4, 2009 - New genetic markers for ulcerative colitis identified - also here, here
  2. January 9, 2009 - Identification of genetic markers for ulcerative colitis could lead to treatment - also here
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved