Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 8, Number 6
February 9, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Kepler telescope
Ocean acidification
Entanglement sudden death
High-density magnetic data storage
Nanotechnology
Axions
Global warming
Extrasolar planets
Photovoltaics
Faster optical network components
Galaxies and black holes
Quasars
Metamaterials
Star formation in a very early galaxy
Virtual reality
Holographic universe and gravitational waves
Brain-computer interface
Carbon nanotubes
Planck mission
Sea level rise
Quantum dots
Dark matter
Extraterrestrial intelligence
Unusual galaxy structure
Spin-polarized electrons
Pulsars
Dust-producing stars
Quantum entanglement
Carbon nanotubes and fuel cells
Graphene
Photosynthesis
Robotics

Life sciences

Cloning
Corticotropin-releasing hormone
Australopithecus africanus
Synchronous activity and cooperation
Memory formation and conicidence detection
Neanderthals
Animal cognition
Inheritance of behavior
Lactate metabolism in Shewanella oneidensis
Inheritance of experience
Artificial intelligence and drug discovery
Optical illusions
ProBDNF
FOXO3A and longevity
Brain-imaging studies
Earliest trace of sponges
Neanderthal genome
Sequential hermaphroditism
Sex differences and brain hormones
Dynein motor proteins
Gene regulatory networks
Olfactory mapping
LIS1 and abnormal brain development
Influenza infection
Systems bioecology
Immune response to West Nile virus
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Working memory, dopamine, and schizophrenia
Creativity
Methylphenidate
Fasudil, learning, and memory
Axon growth
RNAi inactivation of transposons in plant germ cells
Adolescent theory of mind
Synesthesia
Genome sequencing
Blood vessel development
Efficiency of bacterial reproduction
Speciation
Superfluous genes
Lipolysis
Centrosomes
Musical improvisation
Memory training and dopamine
Systems biology
Sex differences in lifespan
Sexual selection
Extremophiles
Evolution of cooperation
Fetal brain development
Sleep duration and inflammation
Cyclic AMP receptor protein
Gene silencing platform
Virus protein coat assembly
Lamin, myelin, and microRNA
Implicit memory

Health and medicine

AIDS
Alzheimer's disease
Diabetes
Stimulants and addiction
Cardiovascular disease
Antibiotic resistance
Anaphylactic shock
Psoriasis
Cancer
Cancer biology
Inflammation, STAT3, NF-κB, and cancer
Parkinson's disease
Stem cells
Dementia
Eotaxin and allergic reaction
Adenovirus vaccine
Lipodystrophy
Cancer stem cells
Lupus
Avian flu
Asperger's syndrome
Malaria
Bipolar disorder
Antibiotics
Ribozyme therapy for herpes
Multiple sclerosis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Autism
Schizophrenia
Hepatitis C
Obesity
Nanobiotechnology
Cancer and the immune system
Conjugated linoleic acid, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
MicroRNA and cancer
Prions
Serotonin and alcoholism
Tissue engineering
BDNF and Alzheimer's disease



Physical sciences and technology


Kepler telescope

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Earth-hunter telescope prepared for launch
  2. February 2, 2009 - NASA ready to launch earth-hunter
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Nemo Could Get Lost Again as Seawater Approaches Acidity
  2. February 2, 2009 - Experts call for urgent action on acid oceans
  3. February 3, 2009 - Nemo's nose troubled by climate change
  4. February 5, 2009 - Global Scientists Draw Attention To Threat Of Ocean Acidification
Background


Entanglement sudden death

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Entangled particles face sudden death
  2. February 3, 2009 - The Death of Entanglement: Life Without Half-Life
Background, Background


High-density magnetic data storage

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - New control of nanoscale 'magnetic tornadoes' holds promise for data storage
  2. February 3, 2009 - Novel Approach To Create High-density Magnetic Data Storage
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - University rolls out new nanocars - also here
  2. February 5, 2009 - Make methane while the sun shines
  3. February 5, 2009 - Simplicity is crucial to design optimization at nanoscale - also here
Background


Axions

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Axions hint at a return
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Europe to feel the heat of climate change
  2. February 8, 2009 - Bushfires and global warming: is there a link?
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Exoplanet spotted in Hubble archive
  2. February 3, 2009 - COROT Finds the Smallest Exoplanet Yet
  3. February 3, 2009 - Smallest Known Transiting Planet Discovered
  4. February 3, 2009 - Tiniest exoplanet found
  5. February 3, 2009 - European team finds smallest transiting extrasolar planet ever - also here
  6. February 3, 2009 - Refining the search for new planets
  7. February 3, 2009 - Scorched Earth: Small, Hot Planet Found
  8. February 3, 2009 - Telescope sees smallest exoplanet
  9. February 3, 2009 - Alien world is slimmest and fastest known
  10. February 4, 2009 - COROT Discovers Smallest Transiting Exoplanet Ever
  11. February 4, 2009 - Astronomers find 'super Earth'
  12. February 6, 2009 - Bringing exoplanets into sharper focus
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Spray-on solar panels developed
  2. February 5, 2009 - Natural Solar Collectors On Butterfly Wings Inspire More Powerful Solar Cells - also here
Background


Faster optical network components

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - New Speed Record For Reliable Reading Of Optical Data With Compact Ultra-fast Component May Help Improve Circuit Design
Background


Galaxies and black holes

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Astronomers Discover Link Between Supermassive Black Holes And Galaxy Formation - also here, here, here
Background, Background


Quasars

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Mystery Of Twin Quasar Brightness Revealed
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Doppler effect reversed by metamaterial
Background


Star formation in a very early galaxy

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Early Galaxy Bulges in the Middle
  2. February 4, 2009 - Giant star factory found in early galaxy
  3. February 5, 2009 - Infant galaxy yields 1,000 times more stars than Milky Way
  4. February 7, 2009 - Stars Form At Record Speeds In Infant Galaxy - also here, here
Background


Virtual reality

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Engineering Graduate Student Narrows Gap Between High-resolution Video And Virtual Reality
Background


Holographic universe and gravitational waves

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Holographic Universe: Discovery Could Herald New Era In Fundamental Physics - also here, here
Background, Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Computer chips may 'repair' nerve
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Toward 'Invisible Electronics' And Transparent Displays - also here
  2. February 5, 2009 - Nanotube's 'tapestry' controls its growth - also here
  3. February 5, 2009 - Nanotube memory flashes past silicon
Background


Planck mission

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Looking Back 13.8 Billion Years: The countdown for Planck satellite has started
Background


Sea level rise

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Sea level rise could be worse than anticipated
  2. February 5, 2009 - Antarctic bulge could flood Washington DC
  3. February 5, 2009 - Sea level rise may be worse than expected
  4. February 10, 2009 - Dramatic Rise In Sea Level And Its Broad Ramifications Uncovered - also here, here
Background, Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Researchers Control the Spin of Semiconductor Quantum Dot Shell States - also here
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - PAMELA paper dampens dark-matter claim
Background


Extraterrestrial intelligence

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Number of alien worlds quantified
Background, Background


Unusual galaxy structure

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Exceptionally Deep View Of Strange Galaxy - also here, here
  2. February 5, 2009 - Hubble Photographs Strange Galaxy
Background


Spin-polarized electrons

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Polarized electrons pumped at GHz frequencies
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Astronomers get double pulsar's measure
  2. February 9, 2009 - Pulsars give more accurate test of relativity
Background, Background


Dust-producing stars

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Astronomers Spot Cosmic Dust Fountain - also here
  2. February 10, 2009 - Fountain of Mysterious Space Dust Found
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Entanglement goes mechanical
Background


Carbon nanotubes and fuel cells

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Carbon catalyst could herald cut-price fuel cells
  2. February 9, 2009 - Carbon Nanotubes Make Fuel Cells Cheaper
  3. February 12, 2009 - Carbon nanotubes for fuel cells
Background, Background


Graphene

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Graphene-polymer composites promising for electronics
Background


Photosynthesis

References:
  1. February 7, 2009 - Inner Workings Of Photosynthesis Revealed By Powerful New Laser Technique - also here, here
  2. February 7, 2009 - Photosynthesis viewed in a flash
  3. February 13, 2009 - The Quantum Dimension Of Photosynthesis
  4. February 17, 2009 - Laser captures photosynthesis in action
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - Robot uses human mind tricks to navigate
Background



Life sciences


Cloning

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Animal-human clones don't work: study - also here
  2. February 2, 2009 - Research Questions Hybrid Approach to Stem Cells
  3. February 2, 2009 - Animal eggs no good for cloning?
  4. February 2, 2009 - Study questions usefulness of animal-human embryos
  5. February 3, 2009 - Hybrid embryos fail to live up to stem-cell hopes
  6. February 3, 2009 - Animal eggs poor source for embryonic stem cells
  7. February 3, 2009 - Stem cells from human-animal hybrids 'unlikely'
  8. February 4, 2009 - Animal Eggs Not Suitable Substitutes To Produce Stem Cells, Study Demonstrates - also here, here
  9. February 4, 2009 - Extinct ibex is resurrected by cloning
  10. February 10, 2009 - First Extinct-Animal Clone Created
Background, Background


Corticotropin-releasing hormone

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Hormone may predict postpartum depression: U.S. study
  2. February 2, 2009 - Hormone linked to depression after pregnancy
  3. February 2, 2009 - Pregnancy hormone predicts postpartum depression
  4. February 2, 2009 - Hormone may predict 'baby blues'
  5. February 8, 2009 - Hormone Level During Pregnancy May Identify Women At Risk For Postpartum Depression
Background


Australopithecus africanus

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Early Human Had "Nutcracker" Jaws
  2. February 2, 2009 - Early humans evolved to crack a nutty problem
  3. February 3, 2009 - Early Humans Had 'Jaws Of Steel'
  4. February 3, 2009 - Early Human Skulls Shaped for Nut-Cracking
  5. February 4, 2009 - 'Nutcracker Man' built for foraging
  6. February 4, 2009 - From seed to nuts: human ancestor's face evolved to eat survival foods
  7. February 11, 2009 - Deducing Diet Of Prehistoric Hominid With Mathematical Models
Background


Synchronous activity and cooperation

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Marching To The Beat Of The Same Drummer Improves Teamwork
Background


Memory formation and conicidence detection

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Surprising Discoveries Contribute To Memory Research
Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Biodiversity Hotspot Enabled Neanderthals To Survive Longer In South East Of Spain
Background


Animal cognition

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - What are you looking at?
  2. February 2, 2009 - Humans share lemur gaze tendency
  3. February 3, 2009 - Of Mice And Men: Cognitive Scientists Find Both Species Equally Adept At Assessing Risk - also here
  4. February 4, 2009 - Researchers unravel ways capuchin monkeys select effective tools
  5. February 14, 2009 - Capuchin monkeys choose the right tool for the nut
Background


Inheritance of behavior

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Researchers investigate prenatal smoking link with antisocial behavior in children - also here
  2. February 2, 2009 - New step reported in untangling nature vs nurture
  3. February 3, 2009 - Test Tube Babies Shed Light on Nature Versus Nurture
Background


Lactate metabolism in Shewanella oneidensis

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Discovery fleshes out metabolism of key environmental and energy bacteria - also here
Background


Inheritance of experience

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - How moms pass on experience without even trying
  2. February 3, 2009 - Inheriting memory
  3. February 4, 2009 - What Your Mother Did When She Was A Child May Have An Effect On Your Memory - also here
  4. February 6, 2009 - Can experiences be passed on to offspring?
Background


Artificial intelligence and drug discovery

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Data Mining Promises To Dig Up New Drugs
Background, Background


Optical illusions

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Brain Perceives Optical Illusions As Real Motion - also here, here
Background


ProBDNF

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - New insights into growth factor's role in brain development - also here, here
Background


FOXO3A and longevity

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - 'Old age gene' also found in Europeans: German study
  2. February 4, 2009 - 'Longevity Gene' Common Among People Living To 100 Years Old And Beyond - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Social phobics more affected by scowling faces
  2. February 4, 2009 - Sociability Traced To Particular Region Of Brain
  3. February 5, 2009 - Brain Goes Into 'Screen Saver' Mode In Absence of Stimulus - also here, here
  4. February 5, 2009 - Effects Of Brain Exercise Depend On Opponent - also here
Background


Earliest trace of sponges

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Scientists find earliest evidence of animal life
  2. February 4, 2009 - Animal Ancestors May Have Survived 'Snowball Earth'
  3. February 4, 2009 - Earliest Animals Were Sea Sponges, Fossils Hint
  4. February 4, 2009 - A Much Earlier Start for Animals
  5. February 4, 2009 - Signs point to sponges as earliest animal life
  6. February 4, 2009 - Ancient sponges leave their mark
  7. February 5, 2009 - Earliest Evidence For Animal Life Discovered: Fossil Animal Steroids Date Back More Than 635 Million Years - also here
  8. February 5, 2009 - Fossil steroids record the advent of earliest known animals
Background


Neanderthal genome

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Neanderthal genome to be unveiled
Background, Background


Sequential hermaphroditism

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Why Don't More Animals Change Their Sex? - also here, here
Background


Sex differences and brain hormones

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Neurobiologist Proposes 'The End Of Sex As We Once Knew It' - also here
Background


Dynein motor proteins

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - How A Cell's Mitotic Motors Direct Key Life Processes - also here
  2. February 5, 2009 - Researchers shake up scientific theory on motor protein - also here
  3. February 8, 2009 - Scientists deconstruct cell division - also here, here
Background


Gene regulatory networks

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Researchers Help Unlock The Secrets Of Gene Regulatory Networks - also here, here, here
Background, Background, Background


Olfactory mapping

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Neural mapping paints a haphazard picture of odor receptors - also here, here
Background


LIS1 and abnormal brain development

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Scientists show extra copies of a gene carry extra risk - also here
Background, Background


Influenza infection

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - New findings reveal how influenza virus hijacks human cells - also here
Background


Systems bioecology

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Study Links Photosynthesis Genes to Marine Virus Fitness
Background, Background


Immune response to West Nile virus

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - How the Body Rubs Out West Nile Virus
  2. February 5, 2009 - Molecules help the immune system to detect cells infected with West Nile virus
  3. February 6, 2009 - Molecular Target For Treatment Of West Nile Encephalitis Identified Through Studies In Mice
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Single-factor stem cells
  2. February 5, 2009 - Stem cells improve damaged spines in mice
  3. February 6, 2009 - Adult Stem Cells Convert Into Embryonic-like Stem Cells, With Single Factor - also here
Background


Working memory, dopamine, and schizophrenia

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - What causes schizophrenia?
Background, Background, Background


Creativity

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Color Me Creative
  2. February 6, 2009 - Effect Of Colors: Blue Boosts Creativity, While Red Enhances Attention To Detail - also here
  3. February 9, 2009 - Red boosts attention, blue creativity - also here
Background


Methylphenidate

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Ritalin May Cause Changes In Brain's Reward Areas; Effects May Overlap With Those Of Cocaine - also here
  2. February 8, 2009 - Mouse brains suggest Ritalin is addictive
Background


Fasudil, learning, and memory

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Vascular Drug Found To Improve Learning And Memory In Middle-aged Rats - also here, here
  2. February 7, 2009 - Drug Found That Could Reduce Risk Of Alzheimer's
Background, Background


Axon growth

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - 15-year-old Theory About The Nervous System Disproved - also here, here
Background


RNAi inactivation of transposons in plant germ cells

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Silencing of jumping genes in pollen
  2. February 6, 2009 - Scientists discover how 'companion' cells to sperm protect them from genetic damage - also here, here
Background, Background


Adolescent theory of mind

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Why teenagers can't see your point of view
Background


Synesthesia

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Genetic roots of synaesthesia unearthed
  2. February 5, 2009 - The genes that turn 'three' red
  3. February 6, 2009 - Scientists Narrow Search For Genes Associated With Synesthesia - also here
Background


Genome sequencing

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Genome sequencing: the third generation
  2. February 6, 2009 - Genome sequencing falls to $5000
Background


Blood vessel development

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Master Gene Behind Blood Vessel Development Found - also here, here
Background


Efficiency of bacterial reproduction

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Bacteria Are Models Of Efficiency - also here, here
Background, Background


Speciation

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Key Insights Into How New Species Emerge - also here, here
  2. February 7, 2009 - Rapidly Evolving Gene Contributes To Origin Of Species - also here
  3. February 9, 2009 - Genes Offer New Clues in Old Debate on Species' Origins
Background


Superfluous genes

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - 'Nonsense' In Our Genes: One In 200 Human Genes Superfluous? - also here
Background


Lipolysis

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Researchers Shed Light On Fat Burning - also here, here
Background


Centrosomes

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Scientists discover link between control of chromosome duplication and segregation - also here, here
Background


Musical improvisation

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - The improvising brain: Getting to the neural roots of the musical riff
Background, Background


Memory training and dopamine

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Cognitive training can alter the biochemistry of the brain - also here
Background, Background


Systems biology

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Mathematical models reveal how organisms transcend the sum of their genes - also here
Background, Background, Background


Sex differences in lifespan

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Inbreeding insects cast light on longer female lifespans - also here
Background, Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Sexual Encounters of the Third Kind: Darwin's Beetles Still Producing Surprises
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Microbe Survives in Ocean's Deepest Realm, Thanks to Genetic Adaptations
  2. February 7, 2009 - Genetic Adaptations Are Key To Microbe's Survival In Challenging Environment - also here
  3. February 11, 2009 - Genetic adaptations key to microbe's survival in challenging environment - also here
Background


Evolution of cooperation

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - How to create less selfish societies?
Background, Background


Fetal brain development

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Knit, purl, medulla oblongata
  2. February 7, 2009 - How the fetal brain wires up for action
Background


Sleep duration and inflammation

References:
  1. February 7, 2009 - Inflammation May Be Link Between Extreme Sleep Durations And Poor Health - also here, here
Background, Background


Cyclic AMP receptor protein

References:
  1. February 7, 2009 - Long-sought protein structure may help reveal how 'gene switch' works - also here
Background


Gene silencing platform

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - A New Gene Silencing Platform - also here, here here
Background


Virus protein coat assembly

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - First Crystal Structure Of An Intermediate Particle In Virus Assembly Created - also here, here
Background


Lamin, myelin, and microRNA

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - Turning Down Gene Expression Promotes Nerve Cell Maintenance - also here, here
Background, Background


Implicit memory

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - Study Suggests Why Gut Instincts Work
  2. February 9, 2009 - Gut Feelings May Actually Reflect Reliable Memories - also here
  3. February 9, 2009 - Hidden memories guide choices
  4. February 14, 2009 - Subliminal messages really do affect your decisions
Background



Health and medicine


AIDS

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - New AIDS approach disrupts patient's DNA
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Education doesn't prevent cognitive decline
  2. February 2, 2009 - Apple juice slows buildup of Alzheimer's protein
  3. February 2, 2009 - Insulin protects brain from Alzheimer's: U.S. study
  4. February 3, 2009 - Insulin Is A Possible New Treatment For Alzheimer's - also here
  5. February 3, 2009 - Alzheimer's 'is brain diabetes'
  6. February 5, 2009 - Living near big power line may up Alzheimer's risk
  7. February 6, 2009 - Headway In Understanding Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  8. February 6, 2009 - Education May Not Affect How Fast You Will Lose Your Memory - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Egg intake linked to diabetes risk
  2. February 2, 2009 - Th17 Cells Convert To IFN-gamma Secretion To Cause Diabetes
  3. February 3, 2009 - Resistin Arrest: New Approach Shows Human Resistin Contributes To Insulin Resistance
  4. February 3, 2009 - Drugs may be 'magic bullet' for infants born with rare form of diabetes - also here
  5. February 3, 2009 - New clues to pancreatic cells' destruction in diabetes - also here
  6. February 5, 2009 - Molecule that suppresses immune response under study in type 1 diabetes - also here
  7. February 6, 2009 - New Gene To Be Potentially Targeted In Diabetes Mellitus
Background


Stimulants and addiction

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Stimulant drugs cause cocaine-like brain changes
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - U.S. doctors urged to use heart scans judiciously
  2. February 2, 2009 - Biomarkers As A Guide To Therapy In Heart Failure Patients
  3. February 2, 2009 - Key To Pre-eclampsia May Be Found In Misfolded Proteins In Urine
  4. February 2, 2009 - Toward a urine test for diagnosing heart disease
  5. February 2, 2009 - Erectile Dysfunction Predicts Heart Disease
  6. February 3, 2009 - Women's heart rate helps detect health risks
  7. February 3, 2009 - CT scan may give patients high radiation dose: study
  8. February 3, 2009 - Women With High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy Face Future Of Complications
  9. February 3, 2009 - Newly Discovered Drug Reduces Heart Enlargement, Study Shows
  10. February 3, 2009 - Rhythm abnormality of unknown origin strongly predicts sudden death risk in heart disease patients - also here, here
  11. February 4, 2009 - Smoking, metabolic problem raises heart risk
  12. February 4, 2009 - Pulse rate clue to heart attacks
  13. February 5, 2009 - New GP Computer Software To Help Prevent Heart Disease - also here
  14. February 5, 2009 - Sudden Cardiac Death Without Recognizable Cause
  15. February 5, 2009 - Gene Variants Affecting Blood Fats Identified
  16. February 5, 2009 - Resting Heart Rate Can Predict Heart Attacks In Women - also here
  17. February 6, 2009 - Efficacy Of Stents Is Improved When Their Placement Is Determined By Arterial Blood Flow Measurement - also here, here
  18. February 7, 2009 - Heart Failure Linked To Cognitive Impairment - also here, here
  19. February 8, 2009 - Younger Men With Erectile Dysfunction At Double Risk Of Heart Disease - also here
  20. February 8, 2009 - International study identifies gene variants associated with early heart attack - also here, here
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Antibiotic-resistant Gonorrhea Increases From 2 Percent To 28 Percent In Ontario - also here
Background


Anaphylactic shock

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Molecular Mechanism Of Anaphylactic Shock Decoded
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Missing Genes Link To Psoriasis
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - PET/CT May Improve Prognosis for Patients With Inflammatory Breast Cancer - also here, here
  2. February 2, 2009 - New technique images tumor vessel leakiness to predict breast cancer chemotherapy outcome - also here, here
  3. February 2, 2009 - Rare skin tumor responds better to treatment than melanoma - also here
  4. February 3, 2009 - Protein Predicts Liver Cancer Recurrence And Metastasis After Transplantation
  5. February 3, 2009 - Shortened DATE Gene Region Linked To Breast Cancer
  6. February 3, 2009 - Automated Screening Process May Eventually Reduce Additional Breast Cancer Surgeries
  7. February 3, 2009 - Scientists Develop 'Crystal Ball' For Personalized Cancer Treatment - also here
  8. February 3, 2009 - Gene Expression Signature Associated With Survival In Advanced Ovarian Cancer - also here
  9. February 3, 2009 - Inflammation in colon may get doused before fueling cancer development - also here, here
  10. February 3, 2009 - Stroma genomic signature predicts resistance to anthracyclin-based chemotherapy in breast cancer - also here, here
  11. February 3, 2009 - Soy May Reduce the Risk of Colorectal Cancer
  12. February 3, 2009 - Radiofrequency treatment better than ethanol injection for small liver tumors - also here
  13. February 4, 2009 - Study makes stronger case HRT causes breast cancer
  14. February 4, 2009 - Adding Erbitux to colon cancer drug mix not helpful - also here, here
  15. February 4, 2009 - Dry Beans Inhibit Development Of Mammary Cancer - also here, here
  16. February 4, 2009 - Deficiencies Common In Radiation Therapy Trial Reports For Hodgkin's, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  17. February 4, 2009 - Artificial Light At Night: Higher Risk Of Prostate Cancer, Study Suggests - also here
  18. February 4, 2009 - Tinkering With Circadian Clock Can Suppress Cancer Growth - also here, here
  19. February 4, 2009 - Compounds could be new class of cancer drugs - also here, here
  20. February 4, 2009 - Halting Hormone Therapy Reduces Breast Cancer Risk Quickly
  21. February 4, 2009 - In colon cancer drug study, more wasn't better
  22. February 5, 2009 - HRT cancer connection 'confirmed'
  23. February 5, 2009 - Radiation benefits women with early breast cancer
  24. February 5, 2009 - Some workplaces may alter cancer risk
  25. February 5, 2009 - Vitamin D Found To Stimulate A Protein That Inhibits The Growth Of Breast Cancer Cells
  26. February 5, 2009 - Surgeons Use Microwave Technology To Destroy Tumors - also here
  27. February 5, 2009 - Green Tea Blocks Benefits Of Cancer Drug - also here, here
  28. February 5, 2009 - New Evidence Of Hormone Therapy Causing Breast Cancer - also here
  29. February 5, 2009 - Statin therapy ineffective in breast cancer prevention - also here, here
  30. February 5, 2009 - Breast cancer rates fall steeply in women who quit combination hormones, follow-up shows
  31. February 5, 2009 - Scientists confirm extra virgin olive oil helps to combat breast cancer - also here
  32. February 6, 2009 - High cancer rates confirmed near Canada's oil sands
  33. February 6, 2009 - Ovaries can be saved in some endometrial cancers
  34. February 6, 2009 - Colorectal cancer: Immunological tests for more accurate detection of cancer precursors - also here
  35. February 6, 2009 - Angiogenesis linked to poor survival in patients with rare type of ovarian cancer - also here, here
  36. February 6, 2009 - New treatment hope for prostate cancer - also here, here
  37. February 6, 2009 - Fertility drugs do not increase risk of ovarian cancer - also here
  38. February 6, 2009 - IVF drugs cancer risk 'ruled out'
  39. February 6, 2009 - Aspirin cuts stomach cancer risk
  40. February 6, 2009 - Green tea supplements stop cancer drug working
  41. February 7, 2009 - Scattered Light Rapidly Detects Tumor Response To Chemotherapy - also here, here
  42. February 8, 2009 - Potential 'Safe Period' For Hormone Replacement Use Identified - also here, here
  43. February 8, 2009 - Microcoils Help Locate Small Lung Nodules - also here
  44. February 8, 2009 - Beach Vacations May Increase Future Skin Cancer Risk In Children - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Fibroblasts invade at a snail's pace - also here, here
  2. February 3, 2009 - Preventing prostate cancer the complex way
Background


Inflammation, STAT3, NF-κB, and cancer

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Inflammation directly linked to colon cancer - also here
  2. February 3, 2009 - Two Immune-system Proteins Linked To Colitis-associated Cancer - also here
  3. February 3, 2009 - Stat3 Signaling Tips The Balance Of Immunity In Favor Of Cancer
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Genetic change prevents cell death in mouse model of Parkinson's disease - also here
  2. February 3, 2009 - Brain probed in Parkinson's study
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. February 2, 2009 - Stress Impairs Stem Cell Function in Aging Tissues
  2. February 3, 2009 - New chemical keeps stem cells young - also here
  3. February 5, 2009 - Bone Marrow Cells Can Heal Nerves In Diabetes Model - also here, here
  4. February 6, 2009 - 'Sister' Factors Promote Survival Of Blood-system Stem Cells - also here
  5. February 6, 2009 - Stem cells in hair follicles point to general model of organ regeneration - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Coffee drinkers show lower dementia risk
  2. February 5, 2009 - Vitamin D deficiency may harm brain function: study
Background


Eotaxin and allergic reaction

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - New Discovery May Lead To New Class Of Allergy Drugs
Background


Adenovirus vaccine

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - New Vaccine Developed for Preventing 'Uncommon Cold' Virus - also here
Background, Background


Lipodystrophy

References:
  1. February 3, 2009 - Fat-free diet reduces liver fat in fat-free mice - also here
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - U.S. experts foresee more effective cancer radiation
  2. February 4, 2009 - Scientists discover source of cancer stem cells' resistance to radiation - also here
  3. February 5, 2009 - Leukemia stem cells have more in common with embryonic stem cells than adult stem cells - also here
  4. February 7, 2009 - Cell find 'lifts leukaemia fight'
Background, Background


Lupus

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Older age increases risk of clot in lupus patients
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Bird flu virus still cause for concern: experts
  2. February 6, 2009 - China defends bird flu vaccination plan despite deaths
  3. February 7, 2009 - Vietnam has new human bird flu case: paper
  4. February 7, 2009 - Seven birds test positive for bird flu in Hong Kong
Background


Asperger's syndrome

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Asperger's Syndrome In Adults
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Novel Method Of Immunization Completely Eliminates Malaria Parasites - also here, here
  2. February 8, 2009 - Breakthrough To Treat Malaria: Scientists Deactivate Malaria Parasite's Digestive Machinery - also here, here
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Bipolar Disorder Linked To Risk Of Early Death From Natural Causes - also here, here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Can Cannibalism Fight Infections? - also here
  2. February 4, 2009 - Nanotechnology used to probe effectiveness of antibiotics
Background


Ribozyme therapy for herpes

References:
  1. February 4, 2009 - Potential New Herpes Therapy Studied - also here, here
Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Study links gene variant and vitamin D to MS risk
  2. February 5, 2009 - Molecular Link Between Vitamin D Deficiency and MS
  3. February 5, 2009 - Lack of sunshine triggers 'faulty' MS gene
  4. February 5, 2009 - Genetic study shows direct link between vitamin D and MS susceptibility 'gene' - also here
  5. February 5, 2009 - Vitamin D helps control MS gene
  6. February 5, 2009 - Lack of sunshine found to trigger MS
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Process Found To Play Role In Rheumatoid Arthritis Could Lead To New Treatment
Background


Autism

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Discovery Could Lead To New Autism Treatment - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - New Schizophrenia Gene Discovered - also here, here
  2. February 5, 2009 - Decoding Funny Faces to Detect Disease - also here, here
  3. February 6, 2009 - Scientists propose new direction in the search for genetic causes of schizophrenia - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Discovery Could Lead To A New Animal Model For Hepatitis C
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Arginine discovery could help fight human obesity - also here, here
  2. February 5, 2009 - Possible drug target for obesity treatment a no-brainer - also here, here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. February 5, 2009 - Scientists can predict nano drug outcome - also here
  2. February 8, 2009 - Targeted Nanospheres Find, Penetrate, Then Fuel Burning Of Melanoma - also here, here
Background


Cancer and the immune system

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Cancer Rejection: Scientists Discover Crucial Molecule - also here
Background, Background


Conjugated linoleic acid, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Gut bacteria can manufacture defenses against cancer and inflammatory bowel disease - also here, here
Background, Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Research shows novel benefits of fatty acids in arteries - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - New genes involved in acute lymphoblastic leukemia play fundamental role in prognosis of the disease - also here, here
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. February 6, 2009 - Test spots contaminated equipment
Background


Serotonin and alcoholism

References:
  1. February 7, 2009 - Gene's Role In Severity Of Drinking Uncovered - also here, here
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - Advancement In Tissue Engineering Promotes Oral Wound Healing - also here, here
Background


BDNF and Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 8, 2009 - Growth factor protects key brain cells in Alzheimer's models - also here
  2. February 8, 2009 - Protein reverses Alzheimer's brain damage
  3. February 9, 2009 - Protein targets Alzheimer's-like ailments
  4. February 17, 2009 - Injection boosts memory in Alzheimer's animals
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved