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Volume 8, Number 9
March 2, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

KT mass extinction
Ocean acidification
Ocean absorption of CO2
Quantum dots
Fuel cells
Plasma space propulsion
Microfluidics
Photovoltaics
Milky Way
Global warming
Superconductivity
Giant stars
Nanotechnology
Quantum computing
Supernovae
Black holes
Hydrogen production
Carbon nanotubes
Water on Mars
Paleoclimatology
Fractional quantum Hall effect
Hybrid memristor/transistor
Quantum entanglement
Quantum theory
Extrasolar planets
Kepler telescope
Pulsars

Life sciences

Bioinformatics
Protein stability and longevity
Rapid evolution
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Cyclic competition of species
Vaccinia virus structure
Extremophiles
Placoderm sex
Two-component signal transduction systems
Noise in the cell cycle
Peptide synthesis
Genome sequencing
Genome-wide association studies
Evolution of human walking
Human saliva microbiome
Vitamin C production
Stabilizing proteins
MicroRNA and development
B cells
Development of teeth
Calcium signaling
Autophagosomes
RNAi in plant development
Protein folding
Dendritic cells and immune response

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Sexual differences in perception of beauty
Embryonic differentiation of cerebral cells
Autism
Brainwaves
Notch and neurogenesis
Brain-imaging studies
Neto1, learning, and memory
Recovery from sleep deprivation
Game theory model of raven behavior
Physical fitness, hippocampus size, and memory
Serotonin and affect preference
P11, serotonin, and depression
Communication across brain areas during sleep
Epilepsy and memory loss
Brain encoding of odors
Cholesterol and neurotransmitter release
Dopamine, Parkinson's Disease, and addiction
Language and color perception
Noise suppression in working memory
Doodling and memory
Stress and depression
Frontal lobe organization for decision making
Schizophrenia

Health and medicine

Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Cancer biology
Radioimmunotherapy
Celiac disease
Nanobiotechnology
AIDS
Influenza
Obesity
Weight loss diets
Hepatitis C
Antibiotics
Vaccines
Alzheimer's disease
Stem cells
Malaria
1918 influenza vaccine
Sepsis
Dementia
Multiple sclerosis
Tuberculosis
Hepatitis B
Parkinson's disease
Stem cells and regenerative medicine
Diabetes
Inflammatory bowel disease
Clostridium difficile
Avian flu
Obesity, leptin, and the immune system
Antioxidants



Physical sciences and technology


KT mass extinction

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - 'Dinosaur-killing' impact did not start global wildfires
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Ocean Becoming More Acidic, Potentially Threatening Marine Life
Background, Background


Ocean absorption of CO2

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Ocean Less Effective At Absorbing Carbon Dioxide Emitted By Human Activity
Background, Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Quantum dots as midinfrared emitters
  2. February 27, 2009 - Quantum dots boost solar cell efficiencies
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Stainless Steel Catalyst Lowers Cost of Microbial Fuel Cells
Background


Plasma space propulsion

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - New rocket aims for cheaper nudges in space: Plasma thruster is small, runs on inexpensive gases - also here
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Microfluidic Device Mimics Tumor Microenvironment, Helps Drug Discovery Efforts
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Engineers design silicon-free photoelectric module of easy incorporation - also here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Solar Energy Performance With Plastic Solar Cells Improved With New Method - also here
Background


Milky Way

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Milky Way still reeling from ancient smash
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Global warming danger threat increased
  2. February 24, 2009 - 2008 was Earth's coolest year since 2000 - also here
  3. February 25, 2009 - Polar regions found warming fast, raising sea levels
  4. February 25, 2009 - Greenland And Antarctic Ice Sheet Melting, Rate Unknown
  5. February 25, 2009 - Antarctic glaciers melting faster than thought
  6. February 26, 2009 - Ice Declining Faster Than Expected In Both Arctic And Antarctic Glaciers
  7. February 27, 2009 - Risks of Global Warming Rising: Is It Too Late to Reverse Course?
  8. March 1, 2009 - Lower Increases In Global Temperatures Could Lead To Greater Impacts Than Previously Thought, Study Finds - also here, here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - The New High Critical Temperature Superconductors - also here
Background


Giant stars

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Turbulence May Promote Birth Of Massive Stars - also here, here
  2. February 25, 2009 - Stellar Giants Thrive on Chaos
  3. March 10, 2009 - Turbulence a Key to Birth of Massive Stars
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Saw-toothed sapphire helps build polymer arrays
  2. February 25, 2009 - Models present new view of nanoscale friction - also here
  3. February 26, 2009 - Nanoscale friction: thinking big helps
  4. February 26, 2009 - Research advances nanowire technology for large-scale applications
  5. February 27, 2009 - Nano-origami Used To Build Tiny Electronic Devices - also here
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Most powerful ever quantum chip undergoing tests
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Cassiopeia A Supernova Remnant Is Now 'Dust Factory' Around Dead Star - also here
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - 40-year Mystery Revisited: Newtonian System Mimics 'Baldness' Of Rotating Black Holes - also here, here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Black Hole Constant Makes Unexpected Appearance
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Chemists Offer New Hydrogen Purification Method
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Self-aligning carbon nanotubes could be key to next generation of devices
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Lava Fractures Suggest Martian Floods
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Oceanic seesaw links Northern and Southern hemisphere during abrupt climate change - also here, here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Carbon Dioxide Drop And Global Cooling Caused Antarctic Glacier To Form - also here
  3. February 27, 2009 - Prehistoric global cooling caused by CO2, research finds
Background


Fractional quantum Hall effect

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Cross-dressing rubidium may reveal clues for exotic computing - also here, here
Background


Hybrid memristor/transistor

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Self-Programming Hybrid Memristor/Transistor Circuit Could Continue Moore's Law
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Do you have an eye for entanglement?
Background


Quantum theory

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - How camels could explain quantum uncertainty
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Planet Hidden in Hubble Archives
Background


Kepler telescope

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Planet hunter ready for take-off
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Oldest Isolated Pulsar Ever Detected In X-rays Turns Out To Be Surprisingly Active - also here
Background



Life sciences


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Relationships in rank and file: Better sequence searches of genes and proteins - also here
Background


Protein stability and longevity

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Mole rats may hold secret to long life
  2. March 6, 2009 - Naked Mole Rats May Hold Clues To Successful Aging
Background


Rapid evolution

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Cod in the act of evolution
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Researchers make nerve cells from new "stem" cells
  2. February 25, 2009 - Researchers Generate Functional Neurons From Engineered Stem Cells - also here
  3. February 25, 2009 - Stem cells scientists make electrically active motor neurons from iPS cells
  4. February 27, 2009 - Researchers piggyback to safer reprogrammed stem cells - also here, here
  5. March 1, 2009 - Researchers find safer way to make stem cells
  6. March 1, 2009 - Piggybacking to pluripotency
  7. March 1, 2009 - Virus-free pluripotency for human cells
  8. March 1, 2009 - Researchers make stem cell breakthrough - also here, here
  9. March 1, 2009 - 'Ethical' stem cell creation hope
  10. March 1, 2009 - Ethical stem cells stripped of 'cancer' genes
  11. March 2, 2009 - A Better Way to Make Embryonic-like Stem Cells
  12. March 2, 2009 - Researchers Find Safer Way to Produce Stem Cell Alternative
Background


Cyclic competition of species

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Cyclical Competition Of Three Species Favors Weakest As Victor
Background


Vaccinia virus structure

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - First Step Towards A World Reclassification Of Viruses
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Great Lake's sinkholes host exotic ecosystems - also here, here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Lost world of extremophiles hides beneath Great Lakes
Background


Placoderm sex

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Prehistoric fish pioneered sex
  2. February 25, 2009 - Prehistoric Undersea Sex Was No Fluke
  3. February 25, 2009 - Early fish had live birth
  4. February 25, 2009 - Fossils reveal early evidence for penetrative sex
  5. February 25, 2009 - Fossil fish shows oldest live birth
  6. February 25, 2009 - Study of fossils shows prehistoric fish had sex
  7. February 26, 2009 - Fossil fish reveal prehistoric lovemaking
  8. February 26, 2009 - Fossilized Pregnant Fish One Of First Animals To Have Sex - also here
  9. February 26, 2009 - Fish fossil clue to origin of sex
  10. February 26, 2009 - Fossilised fish are proof of ancient sex
Background


Two-component signal transduction systems

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Discovering the secret code behind photosynthesis - also here, here
Background, Background


Noise in the cell cycle

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - New models question old assumptions about how many molecules it takes to control cell division - also here, here
Background, Background


Peptide synthesis

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Peptides-on-demand: researcher's radical new green chemistry makes the impossible possible - also here, here
Background


Genome sequencing

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - British company could deeply cut DNA scans' cost
Background


Genome-wide association studies

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - New Tool For Genome-wide Association Studies - also here
Background, Background


Evolution of human walking

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Footprints show human ancestor with modern stride
  2. February 26, 2009 - Modern Feet Step Back 1.5 Million Years
  3. February 26, 2009 - Oldest Human Footprints With Modern Anatomy Found
  4. February 26, 2009 - Early Humans Toed the Line
  5. February 26, 2009 - Earliest 'human footprints' found
  6. February 26, 2009 - Fossil footprints reveal our modern walk in the making
  7. February 26, 2009 - Prints Show a Modern Foot in Prehumans
  8. February 26, 2009 - Researchers Uncover 1.5-Million-Year-Old Footprints
  9. February 26, 2009 - 1.5 Million-Year-Old Human Footprints Found
  10. February 27, 2009 - Ancient Kenya footprints show modern feet
  11. February 27, 2009 - Humans Walked On Modern Feet 1.5 Million Years Ago, Fossil Footprints Show - also here
  12. February 27, 2009 - Earliest modern gait found in ancient footprints
Background


Human saliva microbiome

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Study of spit offers insight into human health
  2. February 26, 2009 - What Your Spit Says About You
  3. February 27, 2009 - Spit bacteria could be as distinct as fingerprints
  4. February 28, 2009 - Oral Microbiome: Spit Reveals A Lot About What Lives In Your Mouth - also here
Background


Vitamin C production

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Vitamin C Production: Molecular Gatekeeper In Enzyme Discovered
Background


Stabilizing proteins

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Researchers Use Computers To Find Keys To Stabilizing Proteins - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and development

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Micro-RNAs Are Life’s Genetic Sculptors
Background, Background


B cells

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Lymphocyte uses multiple mechanisms to shape immune response - also here
  2. February 27, 2009 - B cells deserve more respect - also here, here
Background


Development of teeth

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Finding genes that make teeth grow all in a row
  2. February 27, 2009 - Scientists Discover Why Teeth In Mammals, But Not Sharks, Form In A Single Row - also here, here
Background


Calcium signaling

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Sophisticated Molecule Plays Role In Fertility, Blood Pressure, Digestion, Mental Health - also here
Background


Autophagosomes

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Self-digestion as a means of survival - also here, here
Background


RNAi in plant development

References:
  1. February 28, 2009 - Mobile Small RNAs Set Up Leaf Patterning In Plants - also here, here
Background, Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. March 1, 2009 - Scientists Shed Light On How Proteins Find Their 3-D Shapes - also here, here
Background


Dendritic cells and immune response

References:
  1. March 1, 2009 - New origin found for a critical immune response - also here, here
  2. March 1, 2009 - Vitamin A signals offer clues to treating autoimmunity - also here, here
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Sexual differences in perception of beauty

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Beauty is in the sex of the beholder, study finds
  2. February 23, 2009 - Map-reading skills change how we view beauty
  3. February 24, 2009 - Art appreciation 'a gender issue'
  4. February 24, 2009 - Beauty and the brain, women use more than men
Background


Embryonic differentiation of cerebral cells

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Number Of Cerebral Cells At Embryonic Development Stage Controlled By Newly Discovered Mechanism
Background, Background


Autism

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Significant Discovery with Potential for Novel Therapeutic Approaches - also here
Background


Brainwaves

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Brainwaves could help understanding of mental health disorders
Background


Notch and neurogenesis

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - The brain's reserve cells can be activated after stroke - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Brain Hub That Links Music, Memory And Emotion Discovered - also here
Background


Neto1, learning, and memory

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Researchers identify a protein critical for memory, learning
Background


Recovery from sleep deprivation

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Molecule Helps Sleep-deprived Rebound Mentally - also here, here
Background


Game theory model of raven behavior

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Bizarre bird behavior predicted by game theory - also here, here
Background


Physical fitness, hippocampus size, and memory

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Physical fitness improves spatial memory, increases size of brain structure - also here, here
Background, Background


Serotonin and affect preference

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - On the bright side: scientists test 'happy' gene - also here
  2. February 25, 2009 - 'Happiness' gene helps you look on the bright side
Background


P11, serotonin, and depression

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Brain protein may be a target for fast-acting antidepressants - also here
Background


Communication across brain areas during sleep

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Stages of sleep have distinct influence on process of learning and memory
  2. February 26, 2009 - Scientists find evidence for precise communication across brain areas during sleep - also here
Background, Background


Epilepsy and memory loss

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - New kind of epilepsy shakes up memory
Background


Brain encoding of odors

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - New Theory On How Animals Smell: Brain Encodes Complex Plumes Of Odors With A Simple Code - also here
Background


Cholesterol and neurotransmitter release

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Cholesterol-reducing Drugs May Lessen Brain Function, Says Researcher - also here, here
Background


Dopamine, Parkinson's Disease, and addiction

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Addiction: Insights from Parkinson's disease - also here, here
Background


Language and color perception

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Scientists show that language shapes perception
Background, Background


Noise suppression in working memory

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Brain Mechanism Recruited To Reduce Noise During Challenging Tasks - also here
Background


Doodling and memory

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Research shows doodling can help memory recall - also here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Doodling 'may help memory recall'
Background


Stress and depression

References:
  1. February 28, 2008 - Protein Found Linking Stress And Depression - also here
Background


Frontal lobe organization for decision making

References:
  1. March 1, 2009 - Different decisions are made in different areas of the brain's frontal lobes
  2. March 3, 2009 - Evidence Appears To Show How And Where Brain's Frontal Lobe Works - also here, here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. March 1, 2009 - How Do Patients Diagnosed With Schizophrenia Communicate? - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Anger really can kill you: study
  2. February 23, 2009 - People who hold negative attitudes toward the elderly face an increased risk of heart-related ailments later in life
  3. February 23, 2009 - SYNTAX defines borders between CABG and PCI with TAXUS drug-eluting stents
  4. February 23, 2009 - Anger management: The key to staying heart healthy?
  5. February 23, 2009 - Statins Can Stimulate Cardiac Muscle Cell Regeneration, Improve Heart Function
  6. February 23, 2009 - Aneurysms don't occur earlier in second generation
  7. February 23, 2009 - How heart handles anger predicts irregular beat
  8. February 24, 2009 - Anger leads some to an early grave
  9. February 24, 2009 - Potential Link Between Heart Failure And Diabetes: Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor Type-1 - also here, here
  10. February 24, 2009 - Periodontitis And Myocardial Infarction: A Shared Genetic Predisposition
  11. February 24, 2009 - Women Less Likely to Have a Stroke After Mini-Stroke - also here, here
  12. February 25, 2009 - An Angry Heart Can Lead To Sudden Death - also here, here
  13. February 25, 2009 - Experimental Antiarrhythmic Drug Reduces Death Rate In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Study Suggests
  14. February 25, 2009 - Children with hypertension have trouble with thinking, memory - also here, here
  15. February 26, 2009 - Hormone Linked To High Blood Pressure And Blood Vessel Disease In African-Americans
  16. February 26, 2009 - Predicting risk of stroke from one's genetic blueprint - also here, here
  17. February 26, 2009 - Stiffening arteries could change cell behavior
  18. February 27, 2009 - Daytime sleepiness provides red flag for cardiovascular disease - also here, here
  19. February 27, 2009 - Statins lower stroke severity, improve recovery - also here, here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Urine test may tell of breast cancer's spread
  2. February 23, 2009 - Calcium may cut colorectal cancer risk
  3. February 23, 2009 - Study finds infertility-testicular cancer link
  4. February 23, 2009 - Breast Cancer Drug Gets Boost
  5. February 23, 2009 - A safe, well-tolerated, and effective treatment for metastatic esophageal cancer - also here, here
  6. February 23, 2009 - Calcium tied to lower cancer risk in older people
  7. February 24, 2009 - Experts promote baldness drug for prostate cancer
  8. February 24, 2009 - Even a little alcohol ups cancer risk in women
  9. February 24, 2009 - Smoking Behavior Partially Explains Socioeconomic Inequities In Lung Cancer Incidence
  10. February 24, 2009 - Goserelin Improves Long-term Survival In Premenopausal Women With Early Breast Cancer, Study Shows - also here
  11. February 24, 2009 - Prostate Biopsy Samples Show Evidence of Differential Gene Expression in Patients After Supplement Use
  12. February 24, 2009 - Calcium Associated With Lower Risk Of Cancer In Women
  13. February 24, 2009 - Male Infertility Associated With Testicular Cancer - also here
  14. February 24, 2009 - Lowering Your Cholesterol May Decrease Your Risk Of Cancer - also here, here
  15. February 24, 2009 - New technique for cancer screening
  16. February 24, 2009 - PSA levels accurately predict prostate cancer risk in African-American men - also here
  17. February 24, 2009 - Drink a day 'raises cancer risk'
  18. February 24, 2009 - Doctors back wider consideration of prostate drug
  19. February 25, 2009 - Metastasis-promoting Protein In Urine Identified; Could Provide A Prognostic Test Or Target For Breast Cancer - also here
  20. February 25, 2009 - Determining risk for pancreatic cancer - also here
  21. February 25, 2009 - Liver tumors associated with metabolic syndrome differ from other tumors - also here
  22. February 25, 2009 - Drug recommended to prevent prostate cancer in some older men
  23. February 25, 2009 - A Drink a Day Raises Women's Risk of Cancer, Study Indicates
  24. February 25, 2009 - More evidence links alcohol, cancer in women
  25. February 26, 2009 - Clean living could cut third of many cancers
  26. February 26, 2009 - Cholesterol-lowering drug slows the growth of prostate tumors in mice
  27. February 26, 2009 - Million Women Study Shows Even Moderate Alcohol Consumption Associated With Increased Cancer Risk - also here
  28. February 26, 2009 - New guideline recommends men and their doctors discuss using 5-ARIs to reduce prostate cancer risk
  29. February 26, 2009 - New findings measure precise impact of fat on cancer spread - also here
  30. February 26, 2009 - Diet, exercise, weight curbs could cut cancer rates by third
  31. February 26, 2009 - Proepithelin encourages cell growth and migration in prostate cancer - also here
  32. February 26, 2009 - Clean living way to beat cancer
  33. February 26, 2009 - Lifestyle changes could cut cancers by a third
  34. February 26, 2009 - Study: Change Lifestyle, Cut Cancer Risk
  35. February 26, 2009 - Caffeine May Offer Some Skin Cancer Protection - also here
  36. February 27, 2009 - Biomarker for fatal prostate cancer found
  37. March 1, 2009 - Vegetable-based drug could inhibit melanoma - also here, here
  38. March 1, 2009 - Alcohol types and socioeconomic status are associated with Barrett's esophagus risk - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Suppressing Cancer With A Master Control Gene - also here, here
  2. February 23, 2009 - Enhanced skin cancer risk linked to defects in cellular aging controls
  3. February 24, 2009 - Brain Cells' Hidden Differences Linked To Potential Cancer Risk
  4. February 26, 2009 - Excessive Dietary Fat Caused 300 Percent Increase in Metastasizing Tumor Cells In Animal Models
  5. February 27, 2009 - Newly discovered gene plays vital role in cancer
Background


Radioimmunotherapy

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Radioimmunotherapy: Promising Treatment For HIV Infection And Viral Cancers
Background, Background, Background


Celiac disease

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - What is potentially pathogenic role of anti-tTG IgA in the development of celiac disease?
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Gold Nanoparticles Improve Gene Regulation
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - Scientists Find Rare, Potent Antibody to HIV-1
  2. February 25, 2009 - HIV quickly evolving among large groups: study
  3. February 25, 2009 - New wrinkle for HIV vaccine
  4. February 26, 2009 - HIV proves to be a fast learner
  5. February 26, 2009 - Rapid HIV evolution avoids attack
  6. February 28, 2009 - HIV Is Evolving To Evade Human Immune Responses - also here
  7. February 28, 2009 - How HIV stays one step ahead of immune system
  8. March 2, 2009 - HIV Adapts to 'Escape' Immune Response
Background


Influenza

References:
  1. February 23, 2009 - One-shot jab for every type of flu 'ready in 5 years'
  2. February 24, 2009 - Hidden weakness could yield universal flu vaccine
  3. February 26, 2009 - Second team finds natural super flu fighter
  4. February 27, 2009 - Immune Molecule That Attacks Wide Range Of Flu Viruses Discovered - also here
  5. February 27, 2009 - Flu virus foiled again
Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Obese young men likely to die prematurely: study
  2. February 24, 2009 - Weight-loss drug may not inspire diet change
  3. February 25, 2009 - Being overweight just as risky to health as being a smoker - also here, here
  4. February 25, 2009 - Being fat 'is as bad as smoking'
  5. February 26, 2009 - 'Obesity Gene' Involved In Weight Gain Response To High-fat Diet Identified - also here
  6. February 27, 2009 - Hostile men more prone to weight gain, study shows
Background


Weight loss diets

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Dieters have lots of good options: study
  2. February 25, 2009 - People who follow a calorie-restricted diet lose weight equally well regardless of the diet's details
  3. February 25, 2009 - Weight-Loss Winner: A Diet High in Fiber, Low in Calories
  4. February 26, 2009 - Study of diets shows what truly counts: calories
  5. February 26, 2009 - Low-carb? Low-fat? Study finds calories count more
  6. February 27, 2009 - Heart-healthy, Low-cal Diets Promote Weight Loss Regardless Of Fat, Protein And Carb Content - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - New Insight Into How The Immune System Is Finely Balanced In The Livers Of Individuals Chronically Infected With Hepatitis C Virus
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Discovery Of Anti-resistance Factors And Novel Ocean Drugs
  2. February 25, 2009 - Antibiotic Resistance: Rising Concern In Marine Ecosystems
  3. February 26, 2009 - An underwater drugstore?
  4. February 27, 2009 - Medicines From The Sea
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Technique Tricks Bacteria Into Generating Their Own Vaccine - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Drug Improves Memory In Alzheimer's Disease, Animal Study Suggests
  2. February 25, 2009 - Prions Complicit in Alzheimer's Disease
  3. February 25, 2009 - 'Harmless' prion protein linked to Alzheimer's disease
  4. February 25, 2009 - Mechanisms That Prevent Alzheimer's Disease: Enzymatic Activity Plays Key Role - also here, here, here
  5. February 25, 2009 - Dividing Cells May Contribute To Alzheimer's Disease
  6. February 26, 2009 - Research reveals some of Alzheimer's secrets
  7. February 27, 2009 - New Piece In Alzheimer's Puzzle - also here
  8. February 27, 2009 - Alzheimer's-associated Plaques May Have Impact Throughout The Brain - also here
  9. February 27, 2009 - Alzheimer's plaques 'big impact'
  10. March 1, 2009 - Old Cells Work Differently - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. February 24, 2009 - Human Stem Cells Provide A New Model for ALS - also here
  2. February 25, 2009 - Scientists identify stem-cell genes that help form plant organs - also here, here
  3. February 26, 2009 - Researchers isolate and purify mouse heart stem cells
  4. February 27, 2009 - Cell microenvironments hold key to future stem cell therapies - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - "Super" malaria threat on Thai-Cambodia border
Background


1918 influenza vaccine

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Vaccine Protects Against 1918 Influenza Strain
Background, Background


Sepsis

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Researchers block immune cell rush behind deadly sepsis - also here, here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. February 25, 2009 - Long hours link to dementia risk
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Acorda drug found to help MS patients walk better
  2. February 27, 2009 - Drug improves mobility for some MS patients - also here
  3. March 1, 2009 - Young Smokers Increase Risk For Multiple Sclerosis - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Drug tandem may work against deadliest TB: study
  2. February 26, 2009 - New Tuberculosis Blood Test Is Useful Tool, If Used With Care
  3. February 26, 2009 - New Discovery Gives Tuberculosis Vaccine A Shot In The Arm - also here, here
  4. February 26, 2009 - Study: Old drugs might give TB a 1-2 punch
  5. February 27, 2009 - Antibiotic Combination Defeats Extensively Drug-resistant TB - also here
  6. February 27, 2009 - Old Drugs Stop New TB Strains
  7. February 27, 2009 - Old drug combination in TB fight
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Liver Transplant Recipients With Hepatitis B May Need Lifelong Antiviral Treatment
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Naturally produced estrogen may protect women from Parkinson's disease - also here, here
  2. February 27, 2009 - How yeast is helping us to understand Parkinson's Disease - also here
Background


Stem cells and regenerative medicine

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - From stem cells to new organs: Scientists cross threshold in regenerative medicine - also here
  2. February 26, 2009 - Stem cell 'fabrics' promise universal tissue
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Muscling in on type 2 diabetes - also here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Type 1 Diabetes: Compounds That Trigger Beta Cell Replication Identified - also here, here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - New gene-searching method uncovers possible new targets for Crohn's disease drugs - also here
  2. February 27, 2009 - Supplement Of Probiotics Provides A New Therapy For Ulcerative Colitis
Background


Clostridium difficile

References:
  1. February 26, 2009 - Scientists study emerging strains of superbug Clostridium difficile
  2. February 27, 2009 - Scientists unlock the secrets of C. difficile's protective shell - also here
  3. March 1, 2009 - What Makes Clostridium Difficile Superbug Deadly? - also here, here
  4. March 2, 2009 - Secrets of severe gastro-bug revealed
  5. March 2, 2009 - Scientists Debug Superbug, Clostridium Difficile - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Vietnam has 54th death from bird flu
  2. February 27, 2009 - Japan reports bird flu outbreak on quail farm
  3. March 1, 2009 - Two-year-old boy becomes Egypt's 56th bird flu case
  4. March 1, 2009 - Novel pandemic flu vaccine effective against H5N1 in mice - also here
  5. March 1, 2009 - Japan quail farm bird flu 'not H5N1': govt
Background


Obesity, leptin, and the immune system

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Study shows benefits of hormone found in fat tissue - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. February 27, 2009 - Antioxidants in Midwestern black raspberries influenced by production site - also here
Background


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