Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 8, Number 14
April 6, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Quantum computing
Nanotechnology
Extrasolar planets
Water on Mars
Carbon nanotubes
Permian-Triassic mass extinction
Neutron stars
Graphene
Controlled fusion
Spintronics
Galaxy growth rate
CP symmetry violation and quark masses
Organic electronics
Nanofluidics
Quantum dots
Artificial intelligence
Dark matter
Possible link between dark energy and dark matter
Superconductivity
Movement of mantle hotspots
Methane on Titan
Global warming
Gamma-ray bursts
Gamma-ray bursts and mass extinctions
Large-scale distribution of galaxies
Hydrogen storage
Pulsars

Life sciences

Biofilms
Proteomics
Cancer genomics browser
Trichodesmium
Epigenetics
Protein production
Carbohydrate synthesis
Earliest stone blades
Autophagy and cellular fat storage
Bacterial virulence
Hematopoiesis
MicroRNA and Caenorhabditis elegans development
Homo floresiensis
Phylogenomics and deep animal relationships
Bacterial photosynthesis
'Fuzzy logic' models of cell signaling`
Amino-acid-mediated intercellular communication

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

MHC molecules in the brain
Animal numeracy
Remyelination in cats
Endocannabinoid processing
Schizophrenia
Working memory
Microglia
Astrocytes and immune response
Brain-imaging studies
Modeling self-awareness
Simulation of cognition
Self-organized criticality in the brain
Sleep and learning
Memory erasure
Melanine-concentrating hormone, dopamine, and cocaine addiction
Autism
Neuron growth
Brainwave activity and visual perception
Protection of neurons from inflammation
Whole-brain circuit map
Buffering of visual information
Dopamine
Interaction of sensory modalities
α7 nicotinic receptor
Stress and BDNF

Health and medicine

Obesity
Cancer
Cancer biology
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
AIDS
Immune system overreaction to influenza infection
Alzheimer's disease
Lupus
Diabetes
Antibiotics
Tuberculosis
Inflammatory bowel disease
Hepatitis C
Avian flu
Tissue engineering
Clostridium difficile
Malaria
Heart cell regeneration
Prions
Nanobiotechnology
Gene therapy
Weight-loss
Dementia
Low birth weight and inflammation
Long-term effects of stress
Drug delivery
MicroRNA and cancer
Celiac disease
Myasthenia gravis
Cancer stem cells
Omega-3 fatty acids and cancer
Prolactin and fat metabolism
Depression and inflammation



Physical sciences and technology


Quantum computing

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - New Step Towards Quantum Computers
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - DNA-Based Assembly Line for Nano-Construction of New Biosensors, Solar Cells - also here
  2. April 2, 2009 - Peering Inside Nanowires - also here, here
  3. April 2, 2009 - Chemists create bipedal, autonomous DNA walker - also here
  4. April 5, 2009 - First Tri-continuous Mesoporous Silica Complex Structure Developed - also here
  5. April 7, 2009 - DNA walks the line
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Alien world created star's odd twinkle
  2. April 1, 2009 - Planets hidden in Hubble archives
  3. April 1, 2009 - "Hidden" Planet Found in Old Hubble Image
  4. April 1, 2009 - Hidden Planet Discovered in Old Hubble Data
  5. April 2, 2009 - Hidden Exoplanet Found In Archival Data - also here
  6. April 6, 2009 - Exoplanets found hiding in Hubble data
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Subsurface ice on Mars exposed by recent impacts
  2. April 10, 2009 - Blasting for Ice on Mars
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Migrating nanotubes add to asbestos concern
Background


Permian-Triassic mass extinction

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - New Theory On Largest Known Mass Extinction In Earth's History - also here, here
  2. April 2, 2009 - Toxic gas: cause of Earth's largest ever mass extinction?
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Cracking The Crusts Of Neutron Stars
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Researchers Find Better Way To Manufacture Fast Computer Chips - also here
  2. March 31, 2009 - Engineers develop method to disperse chemically modified graphene in organic solvents
  3. April 1, 2009 - First Ever Video Of Dynamics Of Carbon Atoms Makes Spintronic-based Computing Look More Promising - also here, here
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - World's biggest laser powers up
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Guiding electrons opens doors for 'new physics,' enables new devices
  2. April 1, 2009 - Symmetry boosts spin's lifetime
  3. April 2, 2009 - Spintronics Advance Reveals New Conservation Law In Fundamental Physics - also here, here
Background


Galaxy growth rate

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Heavyweight galaxies in the young universe
  2. April 1, 2009 - Early galaxies surprise with size
  3. April 2, 2009 - Heavyweight galaxies puzzle astronomers
  4. April 7, 2009 - Overweight galaxies force-fed by dark matter tendrils
Background


CP symmetry violation and quark masses

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Quark statistics shed light on Universe's symmetry
  2. April 6, 2009 - Gauging the matter-antimatter divide
Background, Background


Organic electronics

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - New Way To Produce Electronic Components Can Lead To Cheap And Flexible Electronics
Background


Nanofluidics

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - World's First Nanofluidic Device with Complex 3-D Surfaces - also here, here, here
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - 'Squeezing' light into quantum dots
  2. April 3, 2009 - Researchers squeeze light out of quantum dots - also here
  3. April 4, 2009 - Unexpected Behavior Of Quantum Dots When Combining To Form Molecules
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Dark matter: Physicists may have found piece of the puzzle
  2. April 1, 2009 - Mysterious Dark Matter Possibly Detected
  3. April 1, 2009 - Signals could be from dark matter
  4. April 4, 2009 - Milky Way may hide dark matter 'pancake'
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Robot scientists can think for themselves
  2. April 2, 2009 - Robo-researcher
  3. April 2, 2009 - Robotic Scientists Make First Discoveries
  4. April 2, 2009 - Researchers Wanted: Humans Need Not Apply?
  5. April 2, 2009 - Algorithm discovers physical laws
  6. April 2, 2009 - Robo-scientist's first findings
  7. April 2, 2009 - Robot scientist makes discoveries without human help
  8. April 2, 2009 - Meet Adam and Eve: AI Lab-Bots That Can Take On Reams of Data
  9. April 2, 2009 - First Robot Scientist Makes Gene Discovery
  10. April 3, 2009 - Computer Derives Natural Laws From Raw Data - also here
  11. April 3, 2009 - Robot Scientist Becomes First Machine To Discover New Scientific Knowledge - also here
Background


Possible link between dark energy and dark matter

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Link between universe's dark sides exposed
Background, Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Magnetism Governs Properties Of Iron-based Superconductors
Background


Movement of mantle hotspots

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Simulations, ancient magnetism suggest mantle plumes may bend deep beneath Earth's crust - also here
  2. April 3, 2009 - Bent tectonics - also here
Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Titan's squashed shape hints at soggy interior
  2. April 6, 2009 - Subterranean oceans on Saturn's moon Titan - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Study: Arctic sea ice melting faster than expected
  2. April 3, 2009 - Ice-free Arctic Ocean Possible In 30 Years, Not 90 As Previously Estimated - also here
  3. April 3, 2009 - Ice-Free Arctic Summers Likely Sooner Than Expected
  4. April 6, 2009 - Arctic to be near ice-free within 30 years
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - One Of Brightest Gamma-Ray Bursts Ever Seen - also here
Background


Gamma-ray bursts and mass extinctions

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Gamma-Ray Burst Caused Mass Extinction?
Background, Background


Large-scale distribution of galaxies

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Map of the universe years in the making
  2. April 4, 2009 - New cosmic map reveals colossal structures
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. April 4, 2009 - Hydrogen Cars Closer To Reality With New Storage System - also here, here
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. April 5, 2009 - Young Pulsar Shows Its Hand - also here
  2. April 6, 2009 - Pulsar Creates Cosmic "Hand"
Background



Life sciences


Biofilms

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Genes that make bacteria make up their minds - also here, here
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Scientists develop techniques to unravel proteins' mysteries
Background


Cancer genomics browser

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Cancer Genomics Browser Gives Cancer Researchers A Powerful New Tool - also here
Background, Background, Background


Trichodesmium

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - New images of marine microbe illuminate carbon and nitrogen fixation - also here, here
Background


Epigenetics

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Definition Of 'Epigenetics' Clarified - also here
Background


Protein production

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - DNA-based gel produces proteins without live cells
Background


Carbohydrate synthesis

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Chemists synthesizes carbohydrates
Background


Earliest stone blades

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Oldest Stone Blades Uncovered
Background


Autophagy and cellular fat storage

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - New Fat-fighting Pathway Discovered - also here
Background


Bacterial virulence

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Bacterial Toxin Leads To Systemic Infection
Background


Hematopoiesis

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Last step leading to blood cell formation elucidated - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and Caenorhabditis elegans development

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Nuclear hormone receptors, microRNAs form developmental switch - also here
Background, Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Hobbit brain small, but organized for complex intelligence
Background


Phylogenomics and deep animal relationships

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Sponges Descended From Unique Ancestor - also here, here
Background


Bacterial photosynthesis

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Orientation of antenna protein in photosynthetic bacteria described - also here, here, here
Background


'Fuzzy logic' models of cell signaling`

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - 'Fuzzy logic' reveals cells' inner workings
Background, Background


Amino-acid-mediated intercellular communication

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Model tissue system reveals cellular communication via amino acids - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


MHC molecules in the brain

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Workhorse immune molecules lead secret lives in the brain - also here
Background


Animal numeracy

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Recently hatched fowls appear to add and subtract
  2. March 31, 2009 - Fish Can Count, Study Finds
  3. April 1, 2009 - Baby chicks do basic arithmetic
Background


Remyelination in cats

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Cats' Central Nervous System Can Repair Itself And Restore Function - also here
Background


Endocannabinoid processing

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Discovery Of Mechanism That Processes 'THC' Type Brain Compound May Lead To New Medicines For Pain, Addiction
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Schizophrenia Linked To Diabetes, Study Suggests - also here, here
  2. April 2, 2009 - Brain study could yield clues to schizophrenia
Background


Working memory

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory - also here
  2. April 2, 2009 - Activation of the prefrontal cortex improves working memory - also here
Background, Background


Microglia

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - How do microglia examine damaged synapses? - also here
Background


Astrocytes and immune response

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - West Nile virus studies show how star-shaped brain cells cope with infection
  2. April 1, 2009 - New Insights Into How Brain Responds To Viral Infection - also here
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Mother's Criticism Causes Distinctive Neural Activity Among Formerly Depressed - also here, here
  2. April 2, 2009 - Brain scans may detect post-trauma stress sooner
Background


Modeling self-awareness

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Neural Networks Help Unravel Complexity Of Self-awareness
Background


Simulation of cognition

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Humanoid Robot Helps Scientists Understand Intelligence
Background


Self-organized criticality in the brain

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Our complex brains thrive on the edge of chaos
Background


Sleep and learning

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Fruit fly studies find that snoozing prunes connections between brain cells
  2. April 2, 2009 - Sleep adjusts fly synapses
  3. April 2, 2009 - Sleep: Spring cleaning for the brain? - also here
  4. April 3, 2009 - Sleep May Help Clear Brain For New Learning
Background, Background


Memory erasure

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - A Well-Timed Reminder Helps Erase Scary Memories
  2. April 2, 2009 - Drug-free memory erasure could lead to spotless minds
  3. April 3, 2009 - Drug-free treatment to fix irrational fears
  4. April 4, 2009 - Well-timed Timeout Effective In Wiping Out Fear Memory Response - also here, here
  5. April 5, 2009 - Brain Researchers Open Door to Editing Memory
Background


Melanine-concentrating hormone, dopamine, and cocaine addiction

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - New Way To Fight Cocaine Addiction Discovered - also here, here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - New Theory Of Autism Suggests Symptoms Or Disorder May Be Reversible - also here, here
  2. April 2, 2009 - Autism linked with stress hormone levels - also here, here
  3. April 3, 2009 - Mothers' bereavement does not raise autism risk
  4. April 4, 2009 - Coming Face To Face With Autism
Background


Neuron growth

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Scientists show how a neuron gets its shape - also here
Background


Brainwave activity and visual perception

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Neuroscientists demonstrate link between brainwave activity and visual perception - also here
Background


Protection of neurons from inflammation

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Protein protects neurons in brain from damage due to inflammation
Background, Background


Whole-brain circuit map

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Whole-brain Circuit Map Could Reveal What Goes Wrong In Autism, Schizophrenia And Other Brain Disorders - also here
Background


Buffering of visual information

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Brain Cells Have 'Memory', Researcher Discovers - also here, here
Background


Dopamine

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - How the brain processes important information revealed - also here
  2. April 3, 2009 - Phasic firing of dopamine neurons is key to brain's prediction of rewards
Background


Interaction of sensory modalities

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - How You Feel the World Impacts How You See It - also here
  2. April 9, 2009 - Touch and sight push each other around
  3. April 9, 2009 - What You See Is What You Feel
Background


α7 nicotinic receptor

References:
  1. April 4, 2009 - Nicotine May Have More Profound Impact Than Previously Thought - also here
Background


Stress and BDNF

References:
  1. April 5, 2009 - Reaction to stress traced to genetic differences - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Obesity

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Fat infants at risk of being obese toddlers: study
  2. March 30, 2009 - Tonsillectomy linked to excess weight gain in kids
  3. April 1, 2009 - Infant Weight Gain Linked To Childhood Obesity - also here, here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - AstraZeneca drug may help brain tumors: study
  2. March 30, 2009 - Multiple sclerosis may lead to lower cancer risk - also here
  3. March 30, 2009 - Glaxo resubmits Cervarix to U.S. regulators
  4. March 30, 2009 - New Molecular Marker Of Gastric Cancer - also here, here
  5. March 30, 2009 - Researchers find new breast cancer genes
  6. March 30, 2009 - Angiogenesis inhibitor improves brain tumor survival by reducing edema - also here, here
  7. March 30, 2009 - FDA approves new drug for deadly kidney cancer
  8. March 31, 2009 - Screening misses early ovarian cancer - also here
  9. March 31, 2009 - U.S. panel sees brain cancer benefit with Roche drug
  10. March 31, 2009 - "Watchful waiting" safe for some prostate cancers
  11. March 31, 2009 - Multiple CT scans raise cancer risk
  12. March 31, 2009 - New Radiation-free Targeted Therapy Detects And Eliminates Breast Cancer Tumors In Mice - also here, here
  13. March 31, 2009 - Multiple Sclerosis Associated With Lower Cancer Risk - also here
  14. March 31, 2009 - Massive chemo dose targets cancerous liver - also here
  15. April 1, 2009 - Study argues benefits of mammograms overstated
  16. April 1, 2009 - Fatty oil in fish may help reduce tumors: study
  17. April 1, 2009 - Qiagen virus test cuts deaths from cervical cancer
  18. April 1, 2009 - Marijuana ingredient may reduce tumors: study
  19. April 1, 2009 - Alcohol use may raise risk of second breast cancer
  20. April 1, 2009 - HPV screen beats pap smear
  21. April 1, 2009 - Three-drug Chemotherapy Combination Increases Organ Preservation In Patients With Larynx Cancer
  22. April 1, 2009 - Mouse models of leukemia that predict response to chemotherapy - also here, here
  23. April 1, 2009 - Genetic Link Uncovered in Disparate Colon Cancer Death
  24. April 1, 2009 - Increase in p53 mutation linked to advanced colorectal cancer in blacks - also here
  25. April 1, 2009 - Light reveals breast tumor oxygen status - also here, here
  26. April 1, 2009 - Marker for severity in adult brain cancer - also here
  27. April 1, 2009 - Glaxo seeks OK to expand breast cancer drug use - also here
  28. April 2, 2009 - Overexpression Of Fatty Acid Synthase Promotes Prostate Cancer In Mouse Models
  29. April 2, 2009 - Reductions In Cancer And Overall Mortality Persist 10 Years After Vitamin And Mineral Supplementation
  30. April 2, 2009 - Diet Affects Diversity Of Microbes In Human Gut, And In Turn, Colon Cancer Risk - also here
  31. April 2, 2009 - New Marker For Prostate Cancer Progression
  32. April 2, 2009 - Health choices predict cancer survival - also here
  33. April 2, 2009 - Ovarian Cancer Screening Not Catching Early Disease - also here, here
  34. April 2, 2009 - Marijuana helps in battle against cancer: study
  35. April 2, 2009 - Study reveals sharp increase in HPV-positive tonsil cancer - also here
  36. April 2, 2009 - Single test could cut global deaths from cervical cancer
  37. April 3, 2009 - Marijuana may fight brain tumours
  38. April 3, 2009 - Graduate Student Researcher Takes Aim At Deadly Brain Tumors - also here, here
  39. April 3, 2009 - New Strategy Developed To Diagnose Melanoma - also here
  40. April 3, 2009 - Blood Protein May Hold Key To Stopping Tumor Growth In Cancer Patients - also here
  41. April 3, 2009 - Naturally fluorescent molecules may serve as cancer biomarker - also here, here
  42. April 3, 2009 - Study Examines Power of Exercise to Prevent Breast Cancer - also here, here
  43. April 3, 2009 - Researcher Looks at Ways to Detect Cancer in Urine Samples
  44. April 3, 2009 - Cellular target may prove useful in treating deadly brain tumors - also here
  45. April 3, 2009 - Computer based model helps radiologists diagnose breast cancer - also here
  46. April 4, 2009 - Breast Cancer: To Screen Or Not To Screen?
  47. April 4, 2009 - High Dosage Brachytherapy Obtains Excellent Results In Head And Neck Tumors - also here
  48. April 5, 2009 - Health Benefits, Consequences Of Folic Acid Dependent On Circumstances - also here
  49. April 9, 2009 - Active Component Of Marijuana Has Anti-cancer Effects, Study Suggests
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Newly identified genetic variants found to increase breast cancer risk
  2. April 1, 2009 - Too Much Oxygen Not A Good Thing For Tumors
  3. April 1, 2009 - Approach To Treat Bone Loss Might Increase Bone Cancer Risk
  4. April 1, 2009 - How infection may spark leukaemia
  5. April 2, 2009 - Protein identified that may help breast cancer spread, beat cancer drugs - also here, here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - "Polypill" promising in cutting heart risks: study
  2. March 30, 2009 - Surgery to reshape heart found ineffective
  3. March 30, 2009 - Heart Failure Risk Model Validated
  4. March 30, 2009 - Improved predictive value of biomarkers in HF makes earlier diagnosis and better management possible - also here
  5. March 30, 2009 - Hormone Relaxine helps treat heart failure: study
  6. March 30, 2009 - Statin cuts risk of blood clots
  7. March 30, 2009 - 'Polypill' brings benefit of five drugs for the hassle of one
  8. March 30, 2009 - Multi-drug pill shows promise in cutting heart disease, study says
  9. March 30, 2009 - Statin Crestor lowers risk of deep-vein clots without bleeding
  10. March 30, 2009 - Once-a-day heart combo pill shows promise in study
  11. March 30, 2009 - Fish oil pills don't boost benefit of heart drugs
  12. March 31, 2009 - ICDs reduce sudden death after heart attack: study
  13. March 31, 2009 - A missing enzyme conveys major heart protection in pre-clinical work - also here, here
  14. March 31, 2009 - New approach discovered to lowering triglycerides - also here, here
  15. March 31, 2009 - Polypill 'could become a reality'
  16. March 31, 2009 - Study: Plavix plus aspirin helps prevent strokes
  17. April 1, 2009 - Enzyme may reduce benefit of cholesterol drugs
  18. April 1, 2009 - Heart rhythm device studies yield mixed results
  19. April 1, 2009 - Insomnia boosts short sleepers' hypertension risk
  20. April 1, 2009 - Germy mouths linked to heart attacks, study finds
  21. April 1, 2009 - Exercise Intensity And Duration Linked To Improved Outcomes For Heart Failure Patients - also here
  22. April 1, 2009 - Coronary angiography may improve outcomes for cardiac arrest patients - also here
  23. April 1, 2009 - Chronic insomnia with short sleep duration is a significant risk factor for hypertension - also here
  24. April 1, 2009 - Accurate Assessment of Heart Disease Leads to Earlier, More Aggressive Therapy - also here
  25. April 2, 2009 - Gilead blood pressure drug works in Phase 3 study
  26. April 2, 2009 - Prognosis excellent in 'broken heart' syndrome
  27. April 2, 2009 - Fatal type of stroke most common in winter: HK study
  28. April 2, 2009 - Source Of Major Health Benefits In Olive Oil Revealed - also here
  29. April 2, 2009 - Faster, Better Diagnosis For Patients With Heart Rhythm Disorders
  30. April 2, 2009 - The More Oral Bacteria, The Higher The Risk Of Heart Attack, Study Shows - also here, here
  31. April 3, 2009 - World-first high blood pressure treatment trialled - also here, here
  32. April 3, 2009 - Big men more susceptible to atrial fibrillation - also here, here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Bone marrow cells help heart attack patients: study
  2. March 30, 2009 - Evidence That Patient's Own Stem Cells Could Treat Their Heart Disease
  3. March 31, 2009 - Eye cells believed to be retinal stem cells are misidentified - also here, here
  4. April 1, 2009 - 'Switch' Created That Turns Stem Cells Into Muscle - also here, here
  5. April 1, 2009 - Amniotic Fluid May Provide New Source Of Stem Cells For Future Therapies - also here
  6. April 1, 2009 - Adult Stem Cell Injections May Reduce Pain And Improve Walking In Severe Angina Patients - also here
  7. April 1, 2009 - Stem cell 'deafness cure' closer
  8. April 2, 2009 - Stem cells may offer cure for deafness
  9. April 2, 2009 - Diseased cartilage harbors unique migratory progenitor cells - also here
  10. April 2, 2009 - Cultivated ear cells may lead to cure for deafness
  11. April 2, 2009 - Stem-cell advance raises hopes of cure for deafness
  12. April 5, 2009 - New Strategy Improves Stem Cell Recruitment, Heart Function And Survival After Heart Injury - also here
  13. April 5, 2009 - Human Embryonic Stem Cells May Revolutionize Treatment of Oral Disease
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Anti-HIV protein made in plants
  2. March 31, 2009 - Potential new HIV drug may help patients not responding to treatment - also here
  3. April 3, 2009 - Transmission Of Drug Resistant HIV-1 - also here
  4. April 3, 2009 - Can periodontal disease act as a risk factor for HIV-1? - also here, here
  5. April 4, 2009 - Earlier HIV Treatment Lengthens Survival: More Compelling Evidence - also here
Background


Immune system overreaction to influenza infection

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Why Some People Shake Off The Flu In A Couple Of Days, While Others Suffer Longer, Or Die
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - New Target For Alzheimer's Disease Therapy
  2. March 31, 2009 - Poor balance a bad sign in Alzheimer's patients
  3. March 31, 2009 - First proven diagnostic test for Alzheimer's
  4. April 2, 2009 - Elan, Wyeth abandon top dose of Alzheimer's drug
  5. April 4, 2009 - Alzheimer's Disease Linked To Mitochondrial Damage - also here
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - Gene linked to lupus might explain gender difference in disease risk - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. March 30, 2009 - FDA: Bristol-Myers diabetes drug appears safe
  2. March 31, 2009 - Diabetes-related stress may affect blood sugar
  3. March 31, 2009 - Diabetics On High-fiber Diets Might Need Extra Calcium
  4. March 31, 2009 - FDA notes heart events, tumors with Novo drug - also here
  5. April 1, 2009 - Early growth predicts diabetes later in life
  6. April 1, 2009 - Diabetics may need more calcium with their fiber
  7. April 1, 2009 - Type 2 Diabetes: Glitazones Have Not Yet Been Sufficiently Investigated, Report States - also here
  8. April 3, 2009 - Long-acting insulin analogues in type 2 diabetes: advantage over human insulin not proven - also here
  9. April 4, 2009 - Study finds new evidence of periodontal disease leading to gestational diabetes - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - New research highlights new way to kill superbugs - also here
  2. April 3, 2009 - Potential Magic Bullet For MRSA Treatment
  3. April 4, 2009 - New, More Effective Nisin Antibiotics Combat Superbugs And Food Diseases - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Slow-growing TB Bacteria Point The Way To New Drug Development - also here, here
  2. April 1, 2009 - Drug resistant tuberculosis is a "time bomb": WHO
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Is transforming growth factor-beta involved in intestinal wound healing?
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. March 31, 2009 - Mutations within a conservative region of HCV affects the therapy - also here
  2. April 1, 2009 - Immune System's Role In Hepatitis C Recurrence After Liver Transplantation - also here
  3. April 1, 2009 - New studies examine elimination of hepatitis B and C - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Egyptian boy contracts bird flu virus: agency
  2. April 3, 2009 - Egyptian toddler contracts bird flu virus
  3. April 3, 2009 - Egyptian toddler contracts bird flu
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Magnetic nano-'shepherds' organize cells - also here, here, here
Background


Clostridium difficile

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Identifying patients at high risk of C. difficile - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. April 1, 2009 - Cracking the code of a killer
  2. April 4, 2009 - Locking Parasites in Host Cell Could Be New Way to Fight Malaria - also here
Background


Heart cell regeneration

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Scientists prove human heart can regenerate cells
  2. April 2, 2009 - Cells renew in the human heart
  3. April 2, 2009 - Heart Cells Can Regenerate, Nuclear-Bomb Evidence Shows
  4. April 2, 2009 - Carbon dating shows humans make new heart cells
  5. April 2, 2009 - Heart Muscle Renewed Over Lifetime, Study Finds
  6. April 3, 2009 - Healing Heart Attack Victims, One Cell At A Time - also here, here
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Prions are common, at least in yeast
  2. April 2, 2009 - Prion profits
  3. April 2, 2009 - The beneficial side of prions
  4. April 2, 2009 - Prions serve as important source of variation in nature
  5. April 3, 2009 - Redefining what it means to be a prion - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Gold nanospheres sear cancer cells
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Making Gene Therapy Safer Using Self-inactivating LTRs
Background


Weight loss

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Beverage Consumption A Bigger Factor In Weight, Study Shows - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. April 2, 2009 - Effects of disease severity on autobiographical memory in semantic dementia revealed in new study - also here
Background


Low birth weight and inflammation

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Low Birth Weight Linked To Heart Disease And Diabetes Risk In Adulthood - also here, here
Background


Long-term effects of stress

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Effects Of Stress Last For Life In Birds
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Use Of Light In Medical Therapy - also here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - A miR boost enables acute leukemia cells to mature - also here, here
Background, Background


Celiac disease

References:
  1. April 3, 2009 - Vaccine trial flags challenge to celiac disease
Background


Myasthenia gravis

References:
  1. April 4, 2009 - Protein From Tick Saliva Studied For Potential Myasthenia Gravis Treatment
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. April 5, 2009 - Cancer Stem Cells Generated By Cancer Outgrowth - also here
Background, Background


Omega-3 fatty acids and cancer

References:
  1. April 5, 2009 - Omega-3 Kills Cancer Cells - also here
Background, Background


Prolactin and fat metabolism

References:
  1. April 5, 2009 - Hormone Prolactin Reduces Fat Metabolism
Background


Depression and inflammation

References:
  1. April 5, 2009 - Molecular Switch Linking Infectious Disease And Depression Identified - also here, here
Background, Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved