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Volume 8, Number 26
June 29, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Optical quantum data transfer
Earthquakes
Macroscopic quantum effects
Global warming
Sea level and climate
Large Hadron Collider
Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays
Hydrogen storage
Stellar magnetic fields
MEMS-based digital storage
Star-forming regions
Lyman-alpha blobs
Enceladus
Climate modeling
Carbon in the early universe
Nanotechnology
Optical data storage
Quantum computing
Quark-antiquark mass difference
Higgs bosons
Rydberg atoms
Simulation of galaxy formation
Cosmic rays
Hydrocarbons on Titan
Grid computing
Water on Mars

Life sciences

Human brain evolution
Computing genetic networks
Model of DNA transcription and error checking
Melatonin and aging
Contingency in evolution
DNA repair
Nematode lifespan extension
Evolution rate and latitude
DNA sequencing
Genetics of sleep
Mitochondria
Molecular evolution
Membrane protein structure
B cells
Bacterial genome signatures
Reproductive timing and longevity
Cellular export machinery
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Evolutionary fitness strategies
Embryonic development of the liver and pancreas

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Memory reconsolidation
Schizophrenia
Glutamate receptors
Anxiety disorders
Social structure and brain architecture
Serotonin and maternal behavior
Brain-imaging studies
Neural stem cells
Sleep and memory
Brain response to sleep deprivation
Bipolar disorder
FOXP2, speech, and language
Antidepressants
Face recognition and configural perception
Autism
Synaptic plasticity and stability
Melanopsin and sleep modulation
Alcohol and the brain

Health and medicine

PPAR-γ and heart failure
Tuberculosis
Cholesterol control
Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer biology
Cancer
Diabetes
Hsp90, steroid receptors, and cancer
Mediterranean diet
AIDS
Stem cells
BMI and life expectancy
Parkinson's disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Bioinformatics
Malaria
Drug discovery
Obesity
Prions
Nanobiotechnology
Cancer stem cells
MicroRNA and cancer
Obstructive sleep apnea and weight gain
Genetics of obesity
Gene therapy



Physical sciences and technology


Optical quantum data transfer

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Quantum data transfer made simpler
Background, Background, Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Earthquake trigger found in ancient rock
Background


Macroscopic quantum effects

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - New method to detect quantum mechanical effects in ordinary objects - also here
  2. July 29, 2009 - A groundbreaking Caltech experiment may detect quantum physics where classical mechanics has ruled sovereign
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Beyond CO2: Study reveals growing importance of HFCs in climate warming
  2. June 23, 2009 - Deep freeze needed on HFCs: study
  3. June 23, 2009 - How Aerosols Contribute To Climate Change
Background


Sea level and climate

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Close relationship between past warming and sea-level rise - also here
Background, Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - CERN reports on progress toward LHC restart
  2. June 25, 2009 - Cool short cut could speed LHC restart
Background


Ultra-high-energy cosmic rays

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Researchers present new findings about the most energetic charged particles in the universe
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Need Hydrogen Storage? Think Poultry
  2. June 23, 2009 - Feather fibers fluff up hydrogen storage capacity - also here
  3. June 27, 2009 - Chicken feathers could make cheap hydrogen store
Background


Stellar magnetic fields

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Magnetic field on bright star Vega
Background


MEMS-based digital storage

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - A Glimpse of the Future MEMS-based Storage: Totally Green & Thumbnail Size
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Huge stellar nursery found in dusty corner of our galaxy
Background, Background


Lyman-alpha blobs

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - A Glowing Vision of the Early Universe
  2. June 24, 2009 - Galactic "Coming of Age" Revealed
  3. June 24, 2009 - Giant Glowing Blobs Yield Clues to Galaxy Formation
  4. June 24, 2009 - Galaxies coming of age in cosmic blobs - also here
  5. June 24, 2009 - Secrets of Space Blobs Revealed
  6. June 24, 2009 - Gluttonous black holes power ancient cosmic 'blobs'
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - A "Briny Deep" Inside Enceladus?
  2. June 24, 2009 - Saturn's moon may hide watery caverns - and life?
  3. June 24, 2009 - Saturn's moon may host an ocean
  4. June 24, 2009 - "Geyser" Moon Sprinkles Salt on Saturn's Rings
  5. June 24, 2009 - Hunt for Life on Saturnian Moon Heats Up
  6. June 24, 2009 - Sodium traces hint at subsurface ocean on Enceladus
  7. June 24, 2009 - Icy Enceladus Getting Wetter
  8. June 24, 2009 - Jets on Saturn's moon Enceladus not geysers from underground ocean - also here
  9. June 24, 2009 - Salt Finding From NASA's Cassini Hints At Ocean Within Saturn Moon
  10. June 24, 2009 - Ocean Hidden Inside Saturn's Moon
  11. June 24, 2009 - 'Misty caverns' on Enceladus moon
  12. June 25, 2009 - Saturn moon harbours hidden ocean
  13. June 25, 2009 - Icy moon's ocean could support life
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Climate projections taken to finest detail
  2. June 25, 2009 - Researchers contribute climate model to study that finds some winds decreasing - also here
Background


Carbon in the early universe

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Distant carbon confounds astronomers
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Could Maxwell's Demon Exist in Nanoscale Systems?
  2. June 24, 2009 - A promising niche for nanotech
  3. June 26, 2009 - Making nanoparticles in artificial cells - also here
Background


Optical data storage

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - 100 DVDs on one disc within three years?
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Lasers can lengthen quantum bit memory by 1,000 times - also here
  2. June 28, 2009 - Spooky computers closer to reality
  3. June 28, 2009 - Scientists create first electronic quantum processor - also here, here, here
Background


Quark-antiquark mass difference

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Measuring a quark-antiquark mass difference
Background


Higgs bosons

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - A Higgs Boson without the Mess
Background


Rydberg atoms

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Scientists discover giant Rydberg atom molecules - also here
Background


Simulation of galaxy formation

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Researchers unveil state-of-the-art simulation of galaxy formation
Background


Cosmic rays

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Supernovae: Cosmic-Ray Superfactories
  2. June 25, 2009 - Milky Way's super-efficient particle accelerators caught in the act - also here
  3. June 25, 2009 - Source of Cosmic Rays Pinned Down
  4. June 25, 2009 - Cosmic Protons Gone Wild
  5. July 1, 2009 - A Super-Efficient Particle Accelerator
Background


Hydrocarbons on Titan

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Exotic Life Could Sprout From Titan Chemistry
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. June 26, 2009 - One-stop shop for grid computing - also here
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. June 26, 2009 - Mars may hide secret water table
Background



Life sciences


Human brain evolution

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Competition may be reason for bigger brain - also here
Background


Computing genetic networks

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - New algorithm charts evolution of genetic networks during fruit fly life cycle - also here
Background


Model of DNA transcription and error checking

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Backtracking on DNA
  2. June 23, 2009 - Molecular typesetting -- proofreading without a proofreader - also here
Background, Background


Melatonin and aging

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Melatonin: The Fountain Of Youth?
Background


Contingency in evolution

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - How Big A Role Does Chance Play In The History Of Life?
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - New Research Unravels How Proteins Help Repair DNA
  2. June 29, 2009 - Researchers uncover process involved in DNA repair
Background


Nematode lifespan extension

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Proteins link diet to longevity
  2. June 24, 2009 - Climbing the ladder to longevity: Critical enzyme pair identified - also here
Background


Evolution rate and latitude

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Evolution speeds up in the tropics
  2. June 25, 2009 - Evolution Heats Up in the Tropics
Background


DNA sequencing

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Scientists harness logic of 'Sudoku' math puzzle to vastly enhance genome-sequencing capability - also here
  2. July 1, 2009 - DNA Sudoku
Background


Genetics of sleep

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Study Investigates DNA of Sleep - also here
Background


Mitochondria

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - How mitochondria get their membranes bent - also here
Background


Molecular evolution

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Evolution faster when it's warmer
Background


Membrane protein structure

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Structural biology scores with protein snapshot - also here
Background


B cells

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Pushmi-pullyu of B-cell development discovered - also here
Background


Bacterial genome signatures

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - DNA patterns of microbes - also here
Background


Reproductive timing and longevity

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Environmental cues control reproductive timing and longevity
Background


Cellular export machinery

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Cells use import machinery to export their goods as well - also here, here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Pigs' connective tissue cells converted into stem cells - also here
Background


Evolutionary fitness strategies

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Environmental cues control reproductive timing and longevity - also here
Background


Embryonic development of the liver and pancreas

References:
  1. June 26, 2009 - Trio of signals converge to induce liver and pancreas cell development in the embryo - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Memory reconsolidation

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Researchers discover how old memories are re-saved and changed
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Alterations in brain's white matter key to schizophrenia, study shows - also here
  2. June 24, 2009 - Schizophrenic's 'Automatic Pilot' Still Works, But Processing New Information Causes Problems
Background


Glutamate receptors

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Glutamate Receptor Believed Dead Comes To Life
Background


Anxiety disorders

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - New mechanisms of action found for drugs used to treat anxiety disorders
Background


Social structure and brain architecture

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Changes in brain architecture may be driven by different cognitive challenges - also here
Background


Serotonin and maternal behavior

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Lack of happiness hormone serotonin in the brain causes impaired maternal behavior in mice - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Language may be key to theory of mind
  2. June 24, 2009 - Imaging the hypnotized brain: Neural mechanisms of suggested paralysis - also here
Background


Neural stem cells

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Ageing Brains Show Great Promise for Rejuvenation
Background, Background


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Sleep helps build long-term memories
Background, Background


Brain response to sleep deprivation

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Gene predicts how brain responds to fatigue, human study shows - also here
Background, Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Irritability should be considered when diagnosing bipolar disorder in children - also here
Background


FOXP2, speech, and language

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Mouse Model Provides Clues to Human Language Development - also here
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Antidepressant directly stimulates brain growth factor receptors
Background


Face recognition and configural perception

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Rhesus monkeys discriminate faces much as humans do
  2. June 25, 2009 - Researchers identify parallel mechanism monkeys and humans use to recognize faces - also here
  3. June 25, 2009 - Monkeys fall for visual illusion
Background


Autism

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - New gene for autism gives hope for future
  2. June 25, 2009 - More gene mutations linked to autism risk - also here
  3. June 25, 2009 - Mice with extra chromosome region show many autistic signs - also here
Background


Synaptic plasticity and stability

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Brain plasticity: Changes and resets in homeostasis - also here
Background


Melanopsin and sleep modulation

References:
  1. June 26, 2009 - Melanopsin And Sleep Modulation: A Bright Future For Light Therapy?
Background


Alcohol and the brain

References:
  1. June 28, 2009 - Site for alcohol's action in the brain discovered - also here
Background



Health and medicine


PPAR-γ and heart failure

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Heart study questions diabetes drugs
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Carb synthesis sheds light on promising tuberculosis drug target - also here
  2. June 22, 2009 - Fighting TB might be a matter of 'flipping a switch' in immune response - also here
  3. June 22, 2009 - Exploring New Therapy Strategies For Tuberculosis
Background


Cholesterol control

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Red yeast rice may lower cholesterol
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Older men with breathing problems during sleep more likely to have irregular heartbeats - also here
  2. June 22, 2009 - Fish protein link to controlling high blood pressure - also here
  3. June 23, 2009 - Inflammation markers linked more with fatal than nonfatal cardiovascular events in elderly - also here
  4. June 23, 2009 - Common ECG finding may indicate serious cardiac problems - also here
  5. June 23, 2009 - Heart electrical conduction abnormality believed not to be serious may pose cardiovascular risks
  6. June 23, 2009 - New therapy found to prevent heart failure - also here
  7. June 25, 2009 - Your arteries on Wonder bread - also here
  8. June 25, 2009 - Improving treatment of patients with heart attack - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Statins can protect against Alzheimer's disease - also here
  2. June 23, 2009 - Alzheimer's prognosis not dependent on race
  3. June 24, 2009 - New mechanism for amyloid beta protein's toxic impact on the Alzheimer's brain - also here
  4. June 28, 2009 - Early Alzheimer's: Not Remembering What Is Important To Remember
  5. June 28, 2009 - Measuring Brain Atrophy In Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Potent metastasis inhibitor identified - also here
  2. June 22, 2009 - Tumor suppressor gene in flies may provide insights for human brain tumors - also here
  3. June 22, 2009 - How Cancers Spread To The Brain
  4. June 23, 2009 - Tiny ratchet could lead to 'cancer traps'
  5. June 24, 2009 - Anti-inflammatory drugs may defeat a treatment-resistant type of cancer - also here
  6. June 24, 2009 - Study pinpoints novel cancer gene and biomarker - also here
  7. June 25, 2009 - STAT3 protein found to play a key role in cancer - also here
  8. June 25, 2009 - Vitamin A derivative provides clues to better breast cancer drugs - also here
  9. June 26, 2009 - Researchers pinpoint a new enemy for tumor-suppressor p53 - also here, here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Caucasians are at higher risk of developing Ewing's sarcoma than other races - also here
  2. June 22, 2009 - Single 'Spelling Mistake' In Genetic Code Can Lead To Rare And Untreatable Form Of Ovarian Cancer
  3. June 23, 2009 - Weight-loss surgery cuts cancer risks in women
  4. June 23, 2009 - Obesity ops 'may cut cancer risk'
  5. June 23, 2009 - Pancreatic cancer risk rises with excess weight
  6. June 23, 2009 - Study finds strong relationship between high body mass index, pancreatic cancer - also here
  7. June 23, 2009 - Biomarkers predict brain tumor's response to therapy - also here
  8. June 23, 2009 - Adenoviral vector specifically targeted to EphA2 receptor in pancreatic cancer cells
  9. June 24, 2009 - Tummy troubles -- gastrin key in bacterial-induced stomach cancer - also here
  10. June 24, 2009 - Genetic finding could lead to targeted therapy for neuroblastoma
  11. June 24, 2009 - Pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia is curable without preventive cranial radiation - also here
  12. June 24, 2009 - A new take on growth factor signaling in tamoxifen resistance - also here
  13. June 24, 2009 - New cancer drug 'shows promise'
  14. June 25, 2009 - Radiation not needed in common childhood cancer
  15. June 25, 2009 - Selenium intake may worsen prostate cancer in some, study reports - also here
  16. June 25, 2009 - Effective pain treatment for cancer patients? - also here
  17. June 25, 2009 - New piece found in colorectal cancer puzzle - also here
  18. June 25, 2009 - Childhood physical abuse linked to cancer - also
  19. June 25, 2009 - Identifying The Potential For Tamoxifen Resistance In Patients
  20. June 26, 2009 - Dietary fat linked to pancreatic cancer - also here
  21. June 26, 2009 - Animal fats pancreas cancer link
  22. June 26, 2009 - Platypus link to ovarian cancer - also here
  23. June 26, 2009 - Varying reductions in breast cancer suggest hormone therapy to blame - also here
  24. June 26, 2009 - Gene Findings Revealing Reasons For Neuroblastoma Risk
  25. June 28, 2009 - Australian scientists kill cancer cells with "trojan horse"
  26. June 28, 2009 - Ovary cancer signs 'confusion'
  27. June 28, 2009 - New Cancer Treatment Shows Promise in Testing
  28. June 29, 2009 - 'Minicells' break down cancer resistance
  29. June 29, 2009 - Killer 'minicells' fight drug-resistant cancer
  30. June 29, 2009 - Hi-tech 'Trojan horse' can kill cancer cells: researchers
  31. July 1, 2009 - 'Trojan' cells take on drug-resistant tumours
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Major study highlights weight differences among 3-19 year-olds with type 1 and 2 diabetes - also here
  2. June 25, 2009 - Glucose challenge test is accurate and economical for diabetes and prediabetes screening - also here
Background


Hsp90, steroid receptors, and cancer

References:
  1. June 22, 2009 - Targeting helpers of heat shock proteins could help treat cancer, cardiovascular disease - also
Background, Background


Mediterranean diet

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Longer life linked to specific foods in Mediterranean diet - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - New electron microscopy images reveal the assembly of HIV - also here
  2. June 25, 2009 - MicroRNAs help control HIV life cycle - also here
  3. June 26, 2009 - Scientists identify key factor that controls HIV latency - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Scientists discover new source for harvesting stem cells - also here
  2. June 25, 2009 - In muscle stem cells, age matters: study
  3. June 25, 2009 - Age matters for muscle stem cells
  4. June 25, 2009 - Stem cell surprise for tissue regeneration - also here
  5. June 26, 2009 - Scientists uncovered molecular machinery related to stem cell fate - also here
Background


BMI and life expectancy

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Underweight and extremely obese die earlier than people of normal weight, study finds - also here
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Mouse model of Parkinson's reproduces nonmotor symptoms - also here
  2. June 24, 2009 - Non-invasive Method For Early, Serological Diagnosis Of Parkinson's Disease Developed
  3. June 26, 2009 - Enzyme fights mutated protein in inherited Parkinson's disease - also here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. June 23, 2009 - Exercise Improves Functional And Psychological Ability And Reduces Steroid Need In Rheumatoid Arthritis
  2. June 27, 2009 - Trial shows promise for arthritis drug - also here
  3. June 28, 2009 - New trigger for chronic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis discovered - also here
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - New protein structures replace the old
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Baboons, Humans Adapted Similarly to Malaria - also here
Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. June 24, 2009 - Potential new drugs: 970 million and still counting
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Late-life weight gain boosts disability risk
Background


Prions

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Researchers study link between copper, mad cow disease - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Tiny capsules can deliver drugs to targeted cells - also here
  2. June 25, 2009 - New nanoparticles could revolutionize therapeutic drug discovery
  3. June 26, 2009 - Implant bacteria, beware: Researchers create nano-sized assassins - also here
  4. June 28, 2009 - Singapore nanotechnology combats fatal brain infections - also here
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Controversial cancer stem cells offer new direction for treatment - also here
Background, Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Cancer researchers link DICER1 gene mutation to rare childhood cancer
Background, Background


Obstructive sleep apnea and weight gain

References:
  1. June 25, 2009 - Association Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Weight Gain Found
Background


Genetics of obesity

References:
  1. June 26, 2009 - New gene discovery links obesity to the brain - also here, here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 26, 2009 - Therapeutic Delivery Of A Gene To Dysfunctional Nerves
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved