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Volume 8, Number 28
July 13, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Global warming
Supernovae
Fractal networks
Hydrogen storage
Brain-computer interfaces
Earthquakes
Paleoclimatology
Size of extra dimensions
Quantum motors
Quantum computing
Denser magnetic memory
Nanotechnology
Centaurus A black hole
Star-forming regions
Fullerenes
Photovoltaics
Extrasolar planets
Graphene
Carbon nanotubes
Alternative theories of gravity
Mapping star spots
Earliest stars
Hypercompact stellar systems
Quantum random walk
Positron-origin of gamma-rays
Galaxy collisions
Herschel telescope
Magnetic field reversals in stars

Life sciences

Developmental noise and evolution
Parasites and the evolution of sex
Earliest tetrapods
Evolution of joint parenting
Mitosis
Sperm cells from stem cells
Bacterial communication
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Cholesterol-regulating genes
Protein self-organization
Rapamycin and lifespan extension
Early proliferation of plant life
Circadian rhythm and blood pressure
Signals of early methanogens
Calorie restriction and aging
Methane-consuming bacteria
Developmental biology of turtles
The thymus and aging
Telomeres
Microbial genomics

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Artificial neurons
Autism
Depression, CREB, and BDNF
Cytokines and seizures
Fear
THC and morphine dependence
Monkey recognition of grammar
Erythropoietin and cognitive function
Brain representation of second languages
Paternal investment in children
Neurogenesis
Evolution of cooperation
Male ejaculation strategy
Schizophrenia

Health and medicine

Cardiovascular disease
Influenza antivirals
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer biology
Cancer stem cells
Cancer
BMI and cognitive decline
Psoriasis
Multiple sclerosis
Health effects of nitrates
Diabetes
PEDF, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance
AIDS
Adiponectin and diabetes
Malaria
Acetic acid and fat metabolism
Stem cells
Parkinson's disease
Obesity
Rheumatoid arthritis
Health effects of carbohydrates
Tuberculosis
Inflammatory bowel disease
Celiac disease



Physical sciences and technology


Global warming

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Experts warn on expanding tropics
  2. July 6, 2009 - Tropical zone expanding due to climate change: study
  3. July 7, 2009 - New NASA Satellite Survey Reveals Dramatic Arctic Sea Ice Thinning - also here
  4. July 7, 2009 - Thin Ice the Norm in Warming Arctic
  5. July 9, 2009 - Some Particles Cool Climate, Others Add To Global Warming
  6. July 9, 2009 - Ice Volume Of Switzerland's Glaciers Calculated
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Bizarre blast is new class of supernova
  2. July 8, 2009 - Ancient Supernovae Found by Image Stacking
  3. July 8, 2009 - Most Distant Supernovae Found
  4. July 8, 2009 - 11-Billion-Year-Old Giant Supernovae Farthest Ever Detected - also here
  5. July 8, 2009 - Faraway Star Explosions Shatter Distance Record
  6. July 8, 2009 - Ancient supernova is oldest and most distant found
  7. July 9, 2009 - A glimpse of ancient dying stars
  8. July 10, 2009 - Archival Telescope Data May Show Most Distant Supernovae Yet
Background


Fractal networks

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Researchers break the law -- of physics
  2. July 8, 2009 - Aussie tweak unites fractal laws
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Researchers demonstrate reversible generation of a high capacity hydrogen storage material
Background


Brain-computer interfaces

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Translate this: 'cognition-strength interfaces'
  2. July 6, 2009 - Paralyzed People Using Computers, Amputees Controlling Bionic Limbs, With Microelectrodes On (Not In) Brain
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Scientists: Silent tremors may foretell next Big One
  2. July 9, 2009 - Tremors on southern San Andreas Fault may mean increased quake risk - also here
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Ancient Drought And Rapid Cooling Drastically Altered Climate
  2. July 9, 2009 - Arctic climate under greenhouse conditions in the Late Cretaceous
Background


Size of extra dimensions

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Capping the length of extra dimensions
Background


Quantum motors

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Could a quantum motor do work?
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Physicists find way to control individual bits in quantum computers - also here
Background


Denser magnetic memory

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Creating Denser Magnetic Memory
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Light-absorbing nanowires may make better solar panels
Background


Centaurus A black hole

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Astronomers reveal a 'blue whale of space'
  2. July 13, 2009 - Astronomers map 'blue whale' of space
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - New portrait of Omega Nebula's glistening watercolors
Background


Fullerenes

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Remote-control closed system invented for inserting radio-active atoms inside fullerenes - also here
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Low-cost solution processing method developed for CIGS-based solar cells - also here
  2. July 9, 2009 - Nanopillars Promise Cheap, Efficient, Flexible Solar Cells - also here
  3. July 20, 2009 - 'Nanopillars' make good photovoltaics
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Exoplanet pairs may be masquerading as singles
  2. July 9, 2009 - Noisy star masks planet's true size
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Graphene gains nearly perfect liquid status
  2. July 9, 2009 - Graphene's versatility promises new applications - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - DNA sorts carbon nanotubes
  2. July 8, 2009 - Researchers enlist DNA to bring carbon nanotubes' promise closer to reality - also here
  3. July 9, 2009 - DNA sorts carbon nanotubes
Background


Alternative theories of gravity

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Phantom menace to dark matter theory
Background


Mapping star spots

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Mapping a Star's Spots by Exoplanet Transits
Background


Earliest stars

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Simulations reveal that some of the first stars had partners
  2. July 9, 2009 - Simulations Illuminate Universe's First Twin Stars - also here
  3. July 9, 2009 - First Stars Might Have Had Twins
  4. July 10, 2009 - Universe's first stars may have been twins
Background, Background


Hypercompact stellar systems

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Living fossils hold record of 'supermassive' kick - also here
  2. July 10, 2009 - New Type of Cosmic Object to Be Revealed?
Background


Quantum random walk

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Physicists take first step towards super-fast search algorithms for quantum computers - also here
  2. July 9, 2009 - Ultracold atom takes a quantum walk
  3. July 10, 2009 - Take a Walk on the Quantum Side
Background


Positron-origin of gamma-rays

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Astrophysicists solve mystery in Milky Way galaxy - also here
  2. July 13, 2009 - Antimatter Annihilation Causes Milky Way Mystery
  3. July 22, 2009 - Integral satellite disproves dark matter origin for mystery radiation - also here
Background


Galaxy collisions

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - A Galaxy Collision in Action - also here
Background


Herschel telescope

References:
  1. July 10, 2009 - Herschel first images promise bright future - also here
  2. July 10, 2009 - Herschel Telescope Snaps Its First Pictures
  3. July 10, 2009 - Herschel shows breadth of vision
Background


Magnetic field reversals in stars

References:
  1. July 11, 2009 - Star's magnetic flips down to gassy neighbour
Background, Background



Life sciences


Developmental noise and evolution

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Spores spill evolution's secrets
Background


Parasites and the evolution of sex

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Study finds role for parasites in evolution of sex - also here
Background


Earliest tetrapods

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Ancient fossils shed light on anatomical changes accompanying evolution of first land vertebrates - also here
Background


Evolution of joint parenting

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Battle of the sexes benefits offspring, says research - also here
Background


Mitosis

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - New research shows key player in mitosis not required for chromosome alignment
Background


Sperm cells from stem cells

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Sperm-like cells made from human embryonic stem cells
  2. July 7, 2009 - Scientists claim sperm 'first'
  3. July 7, 2009 - Scientists claim breakthrough in growing human sperm from stem cells
  4. July 7, 2009 - Are lab-grown human sperm the real thing?
  5. July 8, 2009 - Human sperm created from stem cells
  6. July 8, 2009 - Human sperm created from embryonic stem cells - also here
  7. July 8, 2009 - 'Synthetic sperm' from stem cells raises hope for male infertility
  8. July 8, 2009 - British scientists claim to create human sperm
Background


Bacterial communication

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Finding the constant in bacterial communication - also here
  2. July 10, 2009 - A Matter of Density, Not Quantity: Individual Bacterial Cells are Capable of Quorum Sensing when Confined in Small Volume - also here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Playing it safe - also here
Background


Cholesterol-regulating genes

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Scientists identify cholesterol-regulating genes - also here
Background, Background


Protein self-organization

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - How E. coli grows its 'nose' - also here
Background, Background


Rapamycin and lifespan extension

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Tests raise life extension hopes
  2. July 8, 2009 - Immune drug boosts lifespan
  3. July 8, 2009 - Fountain of Youth on Easter Island?
  4. July 8, 2009 - Cancer Drug Delays Aging in Mice
  5. July 8, 2009 - A pill for longer life?
  6. July 8, 2009 - Easter Island compound extends lifespan of old mice - also here, here
  7. July 8, 2009 - Transplant drug helps mice live longer
  8. July 8, 2009 - Antibiotic Delayed Aging in Experiments With Mice
  9. July 9, 2009 - Rapamycin extends life in mice, raising hopes of life-prolonging drug for humans
  10. July 9, 2009 - What Does Life-Extending Drug Mean for Humans?
  11. July 9, 2009 - New clues in search for elixir of youth
  12. July 10, 2009 - Longevity pill on the horizon?
Background


Early proliferation of plant life

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - When Earth greened over
  2. July 8, 2009 - Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet - also here
  3. July 8, 2009 - Was ancient Earth a green planet?
Background


Circadian rhythm and blood pressure

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Sleep-wake genes also vary blood pressure
Background, Background


Signals of early methanogens

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Looking for signs of early life
Background


Calorie restriction and aging

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Low-calorie diet slows aging in monkeys
  2. July 9, 2009 - New clues in search for elixir of youth
  3. July 9, 2009 - Caloric restriction extends life in monkeys, study finds
  4. July 9, 2009 - Calorie-Counting Monkeys Live Longer
  5. July 9, 2009 - Experimental Diet a Fountain of Youth for Monkeys
  6. July 9, 2009 - Reduced diet thwarts aging, disease in monkeys - also here
  7. July 9, 2009 - Proof mounts on restricted diet
  8. July 9, 2009 - Monkeys live longer on low-cal diet; would humans?
  9. July 10, 2009 - Fewer calories slows aging in monkeys, a clue for humans
Background, Background


Methane-consuming bacteria

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Methane-eating microbes can use iron and manganese oxides to 'breathe' - also here
Background


Developmental biology of turtles

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - The Turtle's Shell: "A Weird Case of Origami"
  2. August 1, 2009 - Evolutionary development study describes a critical fold that sends the reptile off on its own
Background


The thymus and aging

References:
  1. July 10, 2009 - Scientists identify enzyme important in aging - also here
Background


Telomeres

References:
  1. July 10, 2009 - Telomeres resemble DNA fragile sites - also here
Background


Microbial genomics

References:
  1. July 10, 2009 - Exploring standards to advance microbial genomics - also here
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Artificial neurons

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - One step closer to an artificial nerve cell
Background


Autism

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - New study pinpoints difference in the way children with autism learn new behaviors - also here
  2. July 10, 2009 - Laughter Differs In Children With Autism
Background


Depression, CREB, and BDNF

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Psychotherapy Of Depression Changes Biological Parameters?
Background


Cytokines and seizures

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Brain's immune system may cause chronic seizures - also here
Background


Fear

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Finding fear: Neuroscientists locate where it is stored in the brain - also here
Background


THC and morphine dependence

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - The surprising effect of cannabis on morphine dependence - also here
Background


Monkey recognition of grammar

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Monkeys Recognize Poor Grammar
  2. July 8, 2009 - Monkeys recognise 'bad grammar'
  3. July 8, 2009 - Monkeys have a memory for grammar
  4. July 9, 2009 - Monkeys display verbal skills
Background


Erythropoietin and cognitive function

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Erythropoietin boosts brainpower - also here
Background


Brain representation of second languages

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Do bilingual persons have distinct language areas in the brain? - also here
Background


Paternal investment in children

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Fathers Spend More Time With Children Who Resemble Them, Study Suggests
Background


Neurogenesis

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Newborn brain cells show the way - also here
Background


Evolution of cooperation

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - 'Invisible hand' guides evolution of cooperative turn-taking, research shows - also here
Background, Background


Male ejaculation strategy

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Spread your sperm the smart way - also here
  2. July 10, 2009 - Women longing for a baby advised to opt for ugly men
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Dips and Swells of Your Brain May Reveal Early Mental Disorders - also here
  2. July 12, 2009 - Study: Clozapine may have saved schizophrenics
  3. July 13, 2009 - Study may prompt rethink on schizophrenia drugs
Background



Health and medicine


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Keeping blood sugar in check good for the heart
  2. July 6, 2009 - Component of vegetable protein may be linked to lower blood pressure - also here
  3. July 6, 2009 - Atrial fibrillation linked to increased hospitalization in heart failure patients - also here
  4. July 7, 2009 - Intensive management can improve blood pressure in non-adherent hypertensive patients - also here
  5. July 8, 2009 - Blood pressure targets: Aiming lower offers no benefit - also here
  6. July 8, 2009 - New heart disease risk score outperforms existing test
  7. July 8, 2009 - New heart disease risk score should be recommended in the UK, say experts - also here
  8. July 9, 2009 - Oral/body inflammatory connection explained - also here
  9. July 10, 2009 - Blood vessel bends and branches put the brakes on statins
  10. July 12, 2009 - Slow blood flow 'hampers statins'
Background


Influenza antivirals

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - A New Way of Treating the Flu
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Alzheimer's research pinpoints antibodies that may prevent disease - also here
  2. July 6, 2009 - Researchers find possible environmental causes for Alzheimer's, diabetes
  3. July 7, 2009 - Delirium Presentation Predicts Mortality, Study Finds
  4. July 8, 2009 - Better language skills may keep Alzheimer's at bay
  5. July 8, 2009 - Nun Brains Show Language Skills Predict Future Alzheimer's Risk
  6. July 8, 2009 - Language skills in your twenties may predict risk of dementia decades later - also here
  7. July 8, 2009 - Inflammation may trigger Alzheimer's disease - also here
  8. July 8, 2009 - Most neuropsychological tests don't tell Alzheimer's disease from vascular dementia - also here
  9. July 8, 2009 - Language 'predicts dementia risk'
  10. July 10, 2009 - Chemicals found in fruit and veg offer dementia hope - also here
  11. July 11, 2009 - Study using structural MRI may help accurately diagnose dementia patients - also here
  12. July 12, 2009 - Bayer says Alzheimer test shown to work in study
  13. July 12, 2009 - Omega-3 no match for Alzheimer's, study finds - also here
  14. July 12, 2009 - Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline - also here
  15. July 12, 2009 - Researchers find new Alzheimer's disease treatment promising - also here
  16. July 12, 2009 - Doctors talk frankly about what encourages and impedes early diagnosis of Alzheimer's - also here
  17. July 12, 2009 - Gene May Help Predict Timing of Alzheimer's Onset
  18. July 13, 2009 - Genetic Discovery May Determine Alzheimer's Disease Risk and Age of Disease Onset
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Carbohydrate acts as tumor suppressor - also here
  2. July 6, 2009 - The 2 faces of Mdmx: Why some tumors don't respond to radiation and chemotherapy - also here
  3. July 6, 2009 - Mice with skin condition help scientists understand tumor growth - also here
  4. July 6, 2009 - Understanding the anticancer effects of vitamin D3 - also here
  5. July 6, 2009 - Ready for relapse: Molecule helps breast cancer cells to survive in the bone marrow
  6. July 7, 2009 - 'Normal' cells far from cancer give nanosignals of trouble - also here
  7. July 7, 2009 - Protein can help cells or cause cancer, researcher finds - also here
  8. July 7, 2009 - Cancer Researchers Link DICER1 Gene Mutation To Rare Childhood Cancer
  9. July 9, 2009 - Systems biology recommended as a clinical approach to cancer
  10. July 9, 2009 - Expression of Myoglobin in Human Cancers
  11. July 9, 2009 - Genetic Key To Breast Cancer's Ability To Survive And Spread Identified
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - New discovery points to a new treatment avenue for acute myeloid leukemia - also here
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Researchers create prostate cancer 'homing device' for drug delivery - also here
  2. July 6, 2009 - Researchers identify genes that cause melanoma
  3. July 6, 2009 - Dogs, humans, put heads together to find cure for brain cancer - also here
  4. July 6, 2009 - DNA Variations Linked To Brain Tumors
  5. July 7, 2009 - Hormones may tie caffeine to cancer risk
  6. July 7, 2009 - Diet, smoking, exercise key in colon cancer risk
  7. July 7, 2009 - Cancer Does Discriminate
  8. July 7, 2009 - Why are African-Americans less likely to survive certain cancers? - also here
  9. July 7, 2009 - New study bolsters case for preventive prostate cancer treatment
  10. July 7, 2009 - Study shows endoscopic surgery as effective open surgery for nasal cancer - also here
  11. July 8, 2009 - Roche's Avastin drug shrinks ear-nerve tumors
  12. July 8, 2009 - Possible drug target found for one of the most aggressive breast cancers - also here
  13. July 8, 2009 - Blacks With Equal Care Still More Likely to Die of Some Cancers
  14. July 9, 2009 - Breast cancer risk lower in migraine sufferers
  15. July 9, 2009 - Link between migraines and reduced breast cancer risk confirmed in follow-up study - also here
  16. July 9, 2009 - Scientists link elevated insulin to increased breast cancer risk - also here
  17. July 9, 2009 - Capturing cell 'fingerprints' to advance cancer screening
  18. July 9, 2009 - Two reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer - also here
  19. July 9, 2009 - Better tools needed to detect ovarian cancer, report concludes
  20. July 10, 2009 - "Glycemic load" of diet tied to breast cancer risk
  21. July 10, 2009 - Breast cancer screening may fuel over-diagnosis
  22. July 10, 2009 - Environmental manganese good in trace amounts but can correlate to cancer rates - also here
  23. July 10, 2009 - Third of breast cancer 'harmless'
  24. July 13, 2009 - Genes for skin cancer identified
  25. July 19, 2009 - Moles And Melanoma: Genetic Links To Skin Cancer Found
Background


BMI and cognitive decline

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Overweight individuals have greater risk of reduced memory and thinking skills in late life - also here
Background, Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Psoriasis-like Inflammation: Crucial Role For The Protein CCR6
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - New Control System Of The Body Discovered
Background


Health effects of nitrates

References:
  1. July 6, 2009 - Nitrates May Be Environmental Trigger For Alzheimer's, Diabetes And Parkinson's Disease
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Two dietary oils, two sets of benefits for older women with diabetes - also here
  2. July 8, 2009 - Pluronic L-81 is a potential anti-diabetic drug?
  3. July 9, 2009 - New Role Discovered for Molecule Important in Development of Endocrine System - also here
  4. July 10, 2009 - Liver cells could be reprogrammed as insulin factories
Background


PEDF, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - New culprit behind obesity's ill metabolic consequences - also here
  2. July 8, 2009 - Link between obesity and diabetes discovered - also here
  3. July 11, 2009 - Obesity health risk cause 'found'
Background, Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - HIV-1 damages gut antibody producing immune cells within days of infection - also here
Background


Adiponectin and diabetes

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Higher levels of a certain protein associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - Continued Vigilance Against Drug-resistance Malaria Is Needed
Background


Acetic acid and fat metabolism

References:
  1. July 7, 2009 - New Evidence That Vinegar May Be Natural Fat-fighter
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Stem cells' 'suspended' state preserved by key step, scientists report - also here, here
  2. July 9, 2009 - Research may hold key to maintaining embryonic stem cells in lab - here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Hitting cell hot spot could help thwart Parkinson's disease - also here
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Scientists suggest linkages between obesity and oral bacterial infection - also here
  2. July 9, 2009 - Anti-obesity product safe in mid-stage study
  3. July 9, 2009 - Amylin obesity treatment trial fails to impress - also here
  4. July 12, 2009 - Obesity 'link to same-sex parent'
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. July 8, 2009 - Improving Care Of Patients Suffering From Rheumatic Diseases
  2. July 9, 2009 - Rigel says arthritis drug shows progress
Background


Health effects of carbohydrates

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Diets bad for teeth are also bad for the body - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - One secret to how TB sticks with you - also here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. July 9, 2009 - Toward an explanation for Crohn's disease? - also here
  2. July 9, 2009 - Novel genetic finding offers new avenue for future Crohn's disease treatment - also here
Background


Celiac disease

References:
  1. July 10, 2009 - Cases of celiac disease up dramatically: report
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved