Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 8, Number 33
August 17, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Dark matter
Nanotechnology
Black holes
Extrasolar planets
Quantum Hall effect
Microelectromechanical systems
Climate modeling
Carbon nanotubes
Solar proxies
Fuel cells
Global warming
Cosmic ray electrons and positrons from supernovae
Quantum computing
Solar radiation and climate change
Weather on Titan
Supernova remnants
Hurricanes and global warming
Geometric packing problems
Supernovae
Graphene
Molecular clouds and star formation
Video conferencing
Artificial black holes
Quantum ghost imaging
Molecular electronics
Ocean acidification
Super planetary nebulae
Climate and ocean heat flow
Nanoflares and solar coronal heating
Planck telescope
Paleoclimatology
Gravitational waves
Aerosols and climate
Nanoplasmonics
Neutrino experiments

Life sciences

Genome sequencing
Calmodulin
Biomimetic chemistry
Estrogen and cytotoxic T cells
Beta-interferon and immune response
Neanderthals
Bacteriophages and anthrax bacteria
Helicobacter pylori movement in mucus
Polyploidy and speciation in plants
Gene splicing in stem cells
DNA damage control
Apoptosis
Motor proteins and friction
Human Epigenome Project
Modeling of DNA replication and cell division in bacteria
Early modern human use of fire in tool manufacture
Exon identification and sequencing
DNA cleavage with deoxyribozymes

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Schizophrenia
Neurogenesis
Malleability of cognitive ability
Mirror neurons
Long-term memory
Brain-imaging studies
Category-specific brain organization
Language networks
Neural codes of sound and images
Anhedonia, depression, and dopamine
Neurophysiology of visual search
Learning and brain plasticity
Brain mechanism for speech decoding
Broca's area
Genetics of sleep need
Oxytocin in humans and birds
Ghrelin and circadian rhythm
Modeling of spoken language processing

Health and medicine

Cancer
Lifestyle and health
Cardiovascular disease
Tuberculosis
Avian flu
Diabetes
Nanobiotechnology
Alzheimer's disease
AIDS
Cancer biology
Stem cells
Cancer stem cells
Dementia
Inflammatory bowel disease
Hepatitis C
Gene therapy
Asthma
Multiple sclerosis
Detrimental short-term effects of high-fat diet
Obesity, leptin, and diabetes
Malaria



Physical sciences and technology


Dark matter

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Dark Matter May be Easier to Detect than Previously Thought
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Nanoelectronic transistor combined with biological machine could lead to better electronics - also here
  2. August 11, 2009 - Nanowires get biological impulses
  3. August 11, 2009 - 'Nanospears' could lead to better solar cells, lasers, lighting
  4. August 11, 2009 - Mysterious charge transport in self-assembled monolayer transistors unraveled
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - First black holes born starving - also here
  2. August 11, 2009 - First Black Holes Were Lean and Mean
  3. August 14, 2009 - First Black Holes Starved at Birth
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Planet Smash-Up Sends Vaporized Rock, Hot Lava Flying - also here
  2. August 10, 2009 - Two Worlds Collide in Deep Space
  3. August 11, 2009 - Exoplanets' "Demolition Derby"
  4. August 11, 2009 - Traces of planet collision found
  5. August 11, 2009 - Planetary smashup leaves trail of frozen lava
  6. August 12, 2009 - Giant New Exoplanet Goes the Wrong Way
  7. August 12, 2009 - Huge new planet tells of game of planetary billiards - also here
  8. August 12, 2009 - Newfound Planet Orbits Backward
  9. August 12, 2009 - New exoplanet orbits 'backwards'
  10. August 13, 2009 - Planet found orbiting its star backwards for first time
  11. August 13, 2009 - Second backwards planet found, a day after the first
  12. August 14, 2009 - Planetary crash leaves stellar ring
  13. August 17, 2009 - "Backward" Planet Has Density of Foam Coffee Cups
  14. September 2, 2009 - Planetary smash-up around nearby star
Background


Quantum Hall effect

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Scientists discover, visualize exotic electrons on surfaces of unique insulators
Background


Microelectromechanical systems

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Tiny 'MEMS' devices to filter, amplify electronic signals
  2. August 12, 2009 - Mechanical energy dissipation in ultrananocrystalline diamond microresonators
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Climate models confirm more moisture in atmosphere attributed to humans - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Researchers make carbon nanotubes without metal catalyst - also here
  2. August 13, 2009 - Switching light on and off in nanotubes
Background


Solar proxies

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - The violent youth of solar proxies steer course of genesis of life - also here
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - New Clues About A Hydrogen Fuel Catalyst
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Spectacular Melting Of The Largest French Glacier
  2. August 10, 2009 - The Arctic on thin ice
  3. August 13, 2009 - New study reveals unexpected relationship between climate warming and advancing treelines - also here
  4. August 13, 2009 - Antarctic glacier 'thinning fast'
  5. August 14, 2009 - Warming ocean contributes to global warming - also here
  6. August 14, 2009 - Antarctic glacier thinning at alarming rate - also here
Background


Cosmic ray electrons and positrons from supernovae

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Excess positrons are linked to Geminga pulsar
  2. August 11, 2009 - Particles as tracers for the most massive explosions in the Milky Way - also here
  3. August 18, 2009 - Simple Explanation for Mysterious Observations
Background, Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Ditching binary will make quantum computers more powerful
  2. August 11, 2009 - Pushing quantum mechanics to higher levels - also here
Background


Solar radiation and climate change

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - Role Of Solar Radiation In Climate Change
Background


Weather on Titan

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - A Tropical Tempest on Titan
  2. August 12, 2009 - Scientists discover storms in the tropics of Titan - also here
  3. August 12, 2009 - Tropical Storm Spotted on Saturn's Moon Titan
  4. August 12, 2009 - Atmospheric 'pulse' may spread rain clouds across Titan
  5. August 20, 2009 - Weird storms rain on Titan's tropics
Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - New Supernova Image Reveals Third Dimension
Background


Hurricanes and global warming

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Hurricane peak not unique
  2. August 12, 2009 - Medieval Storms Portend Worse Hurricanes
Background


Geometric packing problems

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Mathematicians set world record in packing puzzle - also here
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Variability of type 1a supernovae has implications for dark energy studies - also here
Background, Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Camera flash turns an insulating material into a conductor - also here
  2. August 17, 2009 - Making graphene in a flash
Background


Molecular clouds and star formation

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Trigger-Happy Star Formation - also here
Background


Video conferencing

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Video conferencing allows companies to cut travel plans
Background


Artificial black holes

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Scientists propose lab-grade black holes
  2. August 21, 2009 - Researchers propose new way to reproduce a black hole - also here
  3. August 26, 2009 - Semiconducting SQUID to help detect Hawking radiation
  4. August 27, 2009 - Reproducing a Black Hole in the Laboratory, and other Quantum Theories
Background


Quantum ghost imaging

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - A strange kind of imaging relies on quantum mechanics
  2. August 17, 2009 - A ghost image violates a Bell inequality
Background


Molecular electronics

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Team Models Molecular Transistor
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - New findings show increased ocean acidification in Alaska waters - also here
Background, Background


Super planetary nebulae

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Super Planetary Nebulae - also here
  2. August 14, 2009 - Long-Sought Remnants of Massive Stars Found
  3. August 18, 2009 - Astronomers spot new type of 'death star'
Background


Climate and ocean heat flow

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Changes in net flow of ocean heat correlate with past climate anomalies - also here
Background, Background


Nanoflares and solar coronal heating

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Tiny Flares Responsible for Outsized Heat of Sun's Atmosphere - also here
  2. August 18, 2009 - Why Sun's Atmosphere Is 'So Darned Hot'
Background


Planck telescope

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Planck Sees Light Billions of Years Old - also here
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Rapid changes in the winter climate - also here
  2. August 14, 2009 - Middle Miocene Oxygen Minimum Zone Expansion Offshore West Africa: Evidence For Global Cooling Precursor Events
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Neutrino trigger could reveal gravitational waves
Background


Aerosols and climate

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - A big boost in coal burning, especially in China, is adding more aerosols to the stratosphere
Background


Nanoplasmonics

References:
  1. August 16, 2009 - World's smallest laser unveiled
  2. August 16, 2009 - New nanolaser -- spaser -- key to future optical computers and technologies - also here
Background, Background


Neutrino experiments

References:
  1. August 16, 2009 - 'Big crunch' or another 'Big Bang?' - also here
Background



Life sciences


Genome sequencing

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Professor sequences his entire genome at low cost, with small team - also here
  2. August 10, 2009 - Cost of Decoding a Genome Is Lowered
  3. August 11, 2009 - Genome sequence for the price of a car - also here
Background


Calmodulin

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Single-molecule technique captures calcium sensor calmodulin in action
Background


Biomimetic chemistry

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Chemists discover twisted molecules that pick their targets - also here
Background


Estrogen and cytotoxic T cells

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Estrogen-dependent switch tempers killing activity of immune cells - also here
Background


Beta-interferon and immune response

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - The Right Messenger For A Healthy Immune Response
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - 'Taste test' for Neanderthal DNA
  2. August 12, 2009 - Neandertals Led Bitter Lives
  3. August 12, 2009 - Neanderthals wouldn't have eaten their sprouts either
  4. August 12, 2009 - Seafood gave us the edge on the Neanderthals
  5. August 13, 2009 - Neanderthals didn't like sprouts either
Background


Bacteriophages and anthrax bacteria

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Anthrax bacteria conspire with viruses to stay alive - also here
Background


Helicobacter pylori movement in mucus

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Uncovering the secrets of ulcer-causing bacteria - also here
Background


Polyploidy and speciation in plants

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Genome duplication responsible for more plant species than previously thought - also here
Background


Gene splicing in stem cells

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Technique enables efficient gene splicing in human embryonic stem cells - also here
Background, Background


DNA damage control

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Raising the alarm when DNA goes bad - also here
Background


Apoptosis

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - MRC scientists advance understanding of cell death - also here
Background


Motor proteins and friction

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Friction keeps molecular motors on track
  2. August 14, 2009 - Bionanomachines: Proteins as resistance fighters - also here
Background


Human Epigenome Project

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Scientists take early steps toward mapping epigenetic variability - also here
Background


Modeling of DNA replication and cell division in bacteria

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Math model accurately mimics cell division in carbon-cycling bacterium - also here
Background, Background, Background


Early modern human use of fire in tool manufacture

References:
  1. August 14, 2010 - Early humans forged tools from fire
Background


Exon identification and sequencing

References:
  1. August 16, 2009 - Researchers sequence exomes of 12 people - also here
Background


DNA cleavage with deoxyribozymes

References:
  1. August 16, 2009 - Newly found DNA catalysts cleave DNA with water molecule - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Traffic jam in brain causes schizophrenia symptoms - also here
  2. August 11, 2009 - Substance abuse, schizophrenia and risk of violence - also here
Background


Neurogenesis

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Recruitment of new neurons slows when old brain cells kept from dying - also here
Background


Malleability of cognitive ability

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Labor market economist studies changes in IQ
Background


Mirror neurons

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - New research uncovers evidence for mirror neurons in humans
Background


Long-term memory

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - Researchers unravel mystery behind long-lasting memories - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - Researchers Find Alcoholics Display Abnormal Brain Activity When Processing Facial Expressions
  2. August 11, 2009 - Why insults are better taken lying down
  3. August 12, 2009 - Excessive Drinking Can Damage Brain Regions Used For Processing Facial Emotions
Background


Category-specific brain organization

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Blind and sighted subjects sort the living from the nonliving in the same way
  2. August 12, 2009 - No experience required: Category-specific brain organization in sighted and blind humans
  3. August 14, 2009 - Brain Innately Separates Living And Non-living Objects For Processing
Background, Background


Language networks

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - What's the semantic organization of human language?
Background


Neural codes of sound and images

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Sound and vision wired through same 'black box' - also here
Background, Background


Anhedonia, depression, and dopamine

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Worth the effort? Not if you're depressed - also here
Background, Background


Neurophysiology of visual search

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - The mind's eye scans like a spotlight - also here
Background


Learning and brain plasticity

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Researchers use MRI to track memories - also here
Background, Background, Background


Brain mechanism for speech decoding

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Researchers shed light on the brain mechanism responsible for processing of speech - also here
Background


Broca's area

References:
  1. August 12, 2009 - Why humans can talk and chimps can't
Background


Genetics of sleep need

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Genetic variation reduces amount of shut-eye in some people and in experiments on mice and fruit flies
  2. August 13, 2009 - Lucky Sleep Mutants Need Fewer Zzzzzs
  3. August 13, 2009 - Early Risers Are Mutants
  4. August 13, 2009 - First human gene implicated in regulating length of human sleep - also here
  5. August 13, 2009 - Some People Just Need Less Sleep
  6. August 13, 2009 - Rare Genetic Mutation Lets Some People Function with Less Sleep
  7. August 14, 2009 - Gene linked to time spent sleeping
  8. August 14, 2009 - Scientists find rare gene behind short sleepers
Background


Oxytocin in humans and birds

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Scientists find a common link of bird flocks, breast milk and trust - also here
Background


Ghrelin and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Scientists identify stomach's timekeepers of hunger
Background, Background, Background


Modeling of spoken language processing

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Doing what the brain does -- how computers learn to listen - also here
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Breastfeeding protects against breast cancer
  2. August 10, 2009 - New light-emitting biomaterial could improve tumor imaging, study shows - also here
  3. August 10, 2009 - Grapefruit juice found to give cancer treatment a boost
  4. August 10, 2009 - Researchers launch study into search-and-destroy antigen for deadly skin cancer
  5. August 10, 2009 - Breastfeeding associated with reduced risk of breast cancer among women with family history
  6. August 10, 2009 - Study identifies risk factors for transformation of eye growths into melanoma - also here
  7. August 10, 2009 - Ultrasound Outperforms Symptom Analysis In Detecting Ovarian Cancer
  8. August 10, 2009 - A Step Toward Preventing Lung Cancer From Spreading To The Brain And New Clinical Trial Results
  9. August 10, 2009 - Drink blamed for oral cancer rise
  10. August 11, 2009 - Aspirin cuts colon cancer death risk: U.S. study - also here
  11. August 11, 2009 - Aspirin shows promise for colon cancer patients - also here
  12. August 11, 2009 - British boozing blamed for rise in oral cancer rates
  13. August 11, 2009 - Research Team Designing Holographic Imaging System for Ovarian Cancer
  14. August 11, 2009 - Advanced Targeted Therapies Effective As First-line Treatment For Lung Cancer
  15. August 11, 2009 - Aspirin Seen Aiding Colorectal Cancer Patients
  16. August 12, 2009 - Anti-psychotic drugs could help fight cancer - also here
  17. August 12, 2009 - Sequential TACE and cryosurgery can improve survival times for patients with HCC? - also here
  18. August 12, 2009 - Breastfeeding Reduces Risk Of Breast Cancer In Women With A Family History Of The Disease
  19. August 12, 2009 - Aspirin shows promise for colon cancer patients
  20. August 12, 2009 - Any spread of breast cancer raises risk of return
  21. August 12, 2009 - Genmab says Arzerra leukaemia test result positive
  22. August 13, 2009 - Obesity increases risk of prostate cancer recurrence for both blacks and whites - also here
  23. August 13, 2009 - MRI may cause more harm than good in newly diagnosed early breast cancer - also here
  24. August 13, 2009 - Cancer mortality rates experience steady decline - also here
  25. August 14, 2009 - Researchers identify 'regulatory' genetic sequences that may predict risk for prostate cancer - also here
  26. August 14, 2009 - MRI may be unnecessary prior to treatment in most newly diagnosed breast cancer patients
  27. August 14, 2009 - Studies do not support unhealthful relation between animal foods and breast cancer - also here
  28. August 14, 2009 - Possible Genetic Links Between Environmental Toxins And Multiple Myeloma
  29. August 16, 2009 - Tokyo hospital to test viral therapy for tumors
  30. August 16, 2009 - Researchers develop new, more-sensitive assay for detecting DNA methylation in colon cancer - also here
  31. August 16, 2009 - Inherited risk factors increase odds of developing childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia - also here
  32. August 16, 2009 - Child leukaemia 'genes' revealed
Background


Lifestyle and health

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Study IDs four ways to cut disease risks
  2. August 10, 2009 - Healthy lifestyle habits may be associated with reduced risk of chronic disease - also here
Background, Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Optimism may do women's hearts good
  2. August 10, 2009 - Optimism appears to lower women's risk of death, heart disease - also here
  3. August 10, 2009 - Optimistic women 'live longer'
  4. August 11, 2009 - Amazonian tribe sheds light on causes of heart disease in developed countries - also here
  5. August 13, 2009 - Abnormal heart rhythm more common in white elders
  6. August 13, 2009 - Chocolate cuts death rate in heart attack survivors: study - also here, here
  7. August 13, 2009 - Bypassing bypass surgery - also here
  8. August 13, 2009 - Abbott expanding study of its popular Xience stent
  9. August 14, 2009 - Quitting smoking causes quick drop in inflammation
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Most drug-resistant TB cases go untested: expert
  2. August 10, 2009 - New drug-resistant TB strains could become widespread, says new study - also here
  3. August 10, 2009 - Misuse of common antibiotic is creating resistant TB - also here
  4. August 11, 2009 - Drug resistant TB on the rise
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Bird flu survivors could face brain disease risk
  2. August 10, 2009 - Avian flu promotes Parkinson's?
  3. August 10, 2009 - Bird Flu Virus a Possible Trigger for Parkinson's
  4. August 10, 2009 - Avian influenza strain primes brain for Parkinson's disease - also here
  5. August 12, 2009 - Bird flu virus linked to inflamed brains
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Taking the needle's sting out of diabetes - also here
  2. August 10, 2009 - Found: A gene that may play a role in type 1 diabetes - also here
  3. August 10, 2009 - Insufficient sleep may be linked to increased diabetes risk - also here
  4. August 10, 2009 - Array's diabetes drug meets goal in early-stage trial
  5. August 11, 2009 - Physicians bust myths about insulin - also here
  6. August 12, 2009 - Not enough shut-eye may raise diabetes risk
  7. August 12, 2009 - Carnitine supplements reverse glucose intolerance in animals - also here
  8. August 13, 2009 - Black Tea May Fight Diabetes
  9. August 14, 2009 - Goal setting helps cut type 2 diabetes risk
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Tumors feel the deadly sting of nanobees - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - New class of compounds discovered for potential Alzheimer's disease drug - also here
  2. August 11, 2009 - Exercise and Mediterranean-type diet combined associated with lower risk for Alzheimer's
  3. August 11, 2009 - Researchers determine toxic levels of Alzheimer's clusters in brain - also here
  4. August 11, 2009 - Oxygen treatment hastens memory loss in Alzheimer's mice - also here
  5. August 11, 2009 - Formal education lessens the impact of Alzheimer's disease - also here
  6. August 12, 2009 - Hormones stored in structures usually thought toxic
  7. August 13, 2009 - Seizures uncommon in Alzheimer disease: study
  8. August 13, 2009 - Mediterranean Diet, Physical Activity Linked With Lower Risk Of Alzheimer Disease
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - An HIV-blocking gel for women - also here
  2. August 11, 2009 - Gel condom to empower women
  3. August 13, 2009 - Is HIV progression sex-linked?
  4. August 25, 2009 - Gel could block HIV like a condom
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Researchers identify potential target for metastatic cancer
  2. August 10, 2009 - Basic Mechanism Of Skin Cancer Development Illuminated
  3. August 12, 2009 - Researchers identify potential new avenue to attack cancer
  4. August 12, 2009 - Finding may explain anti-cancer activity of thiazole antibiotics - also here
  5. August 13, 2009 - Protein plays unexpected role protecting chromosome tips - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Scientists make multiple types of white blood cells directly from embryonic and adult stem cells - also here
  2. August 10, 2009 - Veterinarians using stem cells to treat animals
  3. August 14, 2009 - Some mice stem cells divide in unexpected ways
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - STAT3 gene regulates cancer stem cells in brain cancer - also here
  2. August 13, 2009 - Chemical kills tumor-making master cells: study - also here
  3. August 13, 2009 - Drug compound kills breast cancer stem cells
  4. August 13, 2009 - A screen for cancer killers
  5. August 13, 2009 - New method takes aim at aggressive cancer cells - also here
  6. August 13, 2009 - Drug shows cancer stem cells not invulnerable
  7. August 13, 2009 - Screening Could Lead to More Potent Cancer Drugs
  8. August 14, 2009 - Drug 'attacks cancer stem cells'
Background, Background


Dementia

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Brain damage seen on brain scans may predict memory loss in old age - also here
  2. August 14, 2009 - More evidence that fish is brain food
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Predictors of disease behavior change in Crohn's disease - also here
  2. August 13, 2009 - Stomach bugs may boost bowel disease risk: study
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Hepatitis Healing Power Of Blueberry Leaves
  2. August 11, 2009 - Anadys hepatitis C drug shows promise
  3. August 14, 2009 - New strategy for inhibiting virus replication - also here
  4. August 16, 2009 - Gene predicts response to hepatitis C drugs: study
  5. August 16, 2009 - New Biomarker Predicts Response to Hepatitis C Treatment - also here
  6. August 16, 2009 - Gene variant predicts hepatitis treatment success
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - New genes at work in patients with hereditary lung disease
  2. August 11, 2009 - Gene Therapy Trial Succeeds In Boosting Protective Protein In Patients With Hereditary Lung Disease
  3. August 12, 2009 - Lasting benefits seen in gene therapy for blindness
  4. August 12, 2009 - Vision researchers see unexpected gain a year into blindness trial - also here
  5. August 14, 2009 - Gene therapy found to help patients with Parkinson's
  6. August 14, 2009 - Gene Therapy Treatment for Blindness Proves Safe--and Effective--One Year in
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. August 10, 2009 - Searching for predictors of asthma attacks - also here
  2. August 11, 2009 - Discovery may lead to powerful new therapy for asthma - also here
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - Multiple sclerosis successfully reversed in animals - also here
Background


Detrimental short-term effects of high-fat diet

References:
  1. August 11, 2009 - High-fat diet affects physical and memory abilities of rats after 9 days - also here
Background


Obesity, leptin, and diabetes

References:
  1. August 13, 2009 - Scarring key to link between obesity and diabetes - also here
Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 14, 2009 - Malaria vaccine holds out eradication hope
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved