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Volume 9, Number 41
October 11, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Global warming
Ice chemistry of Europa
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
Chaotic cosmic inflation
Spin Hall effect
Enceladus
Pulsars
Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
SuperB electron-positron collider
Effects of solar activity on climate
Photochemical production of nucleotides in Titan's atmosphere
Star-forming regions
Cosmic microwave background
Rapid star formation in nearby galaxies
Earthquakes
Early quasars
Quark-gluon plasma
Dark matter and strange quark stars
Extrasolar planets
James Webb Space Telescope

Technology

Spintronics
Nanotechnology
Graphene
Photovoltaics
Fuel cells
Microfluidics
Carbon nanotubes
Controlled fusion

Life sciences

Longevity and genetics
Origins of life
Inflammation and healing
Morphological stability of African butterfly fish
DNA damage repair
CD8+ T suppressor cells and immune response
Differing mechanisms of fat accumulation
Neanderthals
Stromatolites
Evolution of nuclear receptors
Genetic mutation database
Protein unfolding
Heart tissue regeneration
Epigenomics
Long non-coding RNA and gene expression
B-cell activation
Climate and early human evolution
Bacterial mobility
B-cell survival
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Elevated inflammatory response of adults having childhood trauma
Engineering of cell walls of pathogenic bacteria
Wnt-mediated cell proliferation induced by commensal bacteria
G protein-coupled receptor structure
Embryonic cardiac myocyte proliferation
Initiation of DNA replication
Bioinformatics
Sexual selection
IL-21 and immune cell commmunication
Synthetic biology
Ligand binding
Microtubule cytoskeleton

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain-imaging studies
Addiction and dopamine-dependent learning
Dopamine and sensation seeking
Serotonin and hallucinogens
Neurobiology databases
NMDA, AMPA, and learning
Endocannabinoids and pain
Neural circuitry of the retina
Sensory plasticity
Synapses and circadian rhythm
Autism
Voting by neurons

Health and medicine

Nanobiotechnology
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Sleep and weight loss
Alzheimer's disease
Antibiotics
Cancer
Drug development
Antibiotic resistance
Parkinson's disease
Obesity
Amino acid supplements and longevity
Effects of air pollution on immune system regulation
Diabetes
Dementia
Fitness and longevity
Gene therapy
Drug delivery
Cancer biology
Omega-3 fatty acids
Hepatitis C



Physical sciences


Global warming

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - First-of-its-kind study finds alarming increase in flow of water into oceans
  2. October 5, 2010 - Arctic sea ice extent falls to third-lowest extent; downward trend persists
Background


Ice chemistry of Europa

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Europa's hidden ice chemistry - also here, here
  2. October 6, 2010 - Europa's Frigid Surface Could Be a Hot Spot of Chemistry
Background


Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - WISE mission warms up but keeps chugging along - also here
  2. October 5, 2010 - NASA Sky-mapping Telescope Starts New Mission ... Without Coolant
Background


Chaotic cosmic inflation

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - After Big Bang Came Moment of Pure Chaos, Study Finds
Background


Spin Hall effect

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Spin Hall effect goes electrical
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Bubbly Ocean on Enceladus Explains Plume Mystery
  2. October 5, 2010 - Eau! 'Perrier Ocean' Could Give the Kick to Saturn Moon's Geysers
  3. October 6, 2010 - Plumes from Saturn's Enceladus may have carbonated source
  4. October 7, 2010 - Saturn's icy moon Enceladus may keep oceans liquid with wobble - also here, here, here
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Pushing the envelope
Background


Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - SOFIA Observatory Prepares For Early Science Flights
Background


SuperB electron-positron collider

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - SuperB project moves forward, preparing for construction
Background


Effects of solar activity on climate

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Declining solar activity linked to recent warming
  2. October 6, 2010 - Unexpected solar irradiance could impact climate
  3. October 6, 2010 - Sun's Impact on Climate Change Overestimated?
  4. October 6, 2010 - Study sheds new light on how the Sun affects the Earth's climate - also here
  5. October 6, 2010 - Sun's Surprise: Even As It Relaxes, It May Heat Earth's Climate
  6. October 7, 2010 - Does a Weaker Sun Mean a Warmer Earth?
  7. October 7, 2010 - Solar surprise for climate models
Background


Photochemical production of nucleotides in Titan's atmosphere

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Life may have started sky high - also here
  2. October 7, 2010 - Building Blocks of Life in Titan's Atmosphere?
  3. October 7, 2010 - Saturn Moon's Atmosphere May Hold Ingredients for Life
  4. October 8, 2010 - Titan's Hazes: A Rich Brew
  5. October 8, 2010 - Saturn's Largest Moon Has Ingredients for Life?
  6. October 8, 2010 - Titan's haze could hold ingredients for life - also here, here, here
  7. October 20, 2010 - Origin of life: not from soup, but gas?
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Unicorn Nebula Sparkles in Infrared
  2. October 6, 2010 - VISTA reveals the secret of the unicorn
  3. October 8, 2010 - Unicorn's Stellar Nursery
Background


Cosmic microwave background

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Spacecraft Finishes Mapping Cosmic Microwave Background
  2. October 6, 2010 - WMAP project completes satellite operations mission observed universe's oldest light
  3. October 6, 2010 - NASA concludes universe-mapping mission
Background


Rapid star formation in nearby galaxies

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - One Star Birth Scenario Debunked By 'Living Fossil' Galaxies
  2. October 7, 2010 - 'Dinosaurs' in space found by PhD student - also here
  3. October 7, 2010 - Ancient galaxies found in modern universe
  4. October 13, 2010 - Galactic Dynamo
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Lab-Sized Earthquakes Challenge Basic Laws of Physics
Background


Early quasars

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Hubble astronomers discover early universe was overheated
  2. October 8, 2010 - Black Hole Blasts Superheated Early Universe
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Grant advances quark-gluon plasma studies
Background


Dark matter and strange quark stars

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Does dark matter trigger strange stars?
  2. October 12, 2010 - Mass limits of dark matter derived from 'strange' stars
Background, Background, Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Discovery of an extrasolar earth-sized planet
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Webb Telescope sunshield passes launch depressurization tests to verify flight design
Background



Technology


Spintronics

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Hall effect associated with electrons also occurs in non-charged particles
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Construction of a nanoscale Mobius strip - also here
  2. October 8, 2010 - Researchers crack the nanocrystal challenge
  3. October 18, 2010 - Chemical origami used to create a DNA Möbius strip
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Graphene shines a light on surface-enhanced spectroscopy
  2. October 5, 2010 - New graphene fabrication method uses silicon carbide template
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Structure of plastic solar cells impedes their efficiency, researchers find
  2. October 8, 2010 - Single-crystal films could advance solar cells
  3. October 10, 2010 - Discovery paves way for development of efficient, inexpensive plastic solar cells
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - A hot new look at working fuel cells
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Anti-tumor drugs tested by microfluidic device
  2. October 5, 2010 - New Chip Captures Hard-to-Find Tumor Cells
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - The effects of hydrogen on growing carbon nanotubes
  2. October 8, 2010 - 'Express lanes' for ions: By aligning carbon nanotubes in electrodes, researchers boost performance
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Superlaser Begins Key Experiments
  2. October 8, 2010 - First successful integrated experiment at National Ignition Facility announced
  3. October 12, 2010 - World's Most Powerful Laser on Target for Awesome Science
  4. October 18, 2010 - Superlaser fires a blank
Background



Life sciences


Longevity and genetics

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Living longer not in the genes (that we know about)
  2. October 5, 2010 - Genetics may not help you live to old age
Background, Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - New insight into first life
  2. October 4, 2010 - Powerful supercomputer peers into the origin of life
Background, Background, Background


Inflammation and healing

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Scientists discover that inflammation helps to heal wounds
Background


Morphological stability of African butterfly fish

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Surprising genetics of the African butterfly fish
Background


DNA damage repair

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Newly discovered DNA repair mechanism
Background


CD8+ T suppressor cells and immune response

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Discovery of a cell that suppresses the immune system
Background


Differing mechanisms of fat accumulation

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Mayo Clinic finds upper, lower body gain weight differently
  2. October 4, 2010 - Gorging study shows with fat, location matters
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Neanderthals had feelings too, say researchers
Background


Stromatolites

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Stepping stones through time - also here
Background


Evolution of nuclear receptors

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Evolutionary tinkering produced complex proteins with diverse functions
Background


Genetic mutation database

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Largest human exomes data reveals an excess of low frequency non-synonymous coding variants
Background


Protein unfolding

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Model unfolds proteins gently
Background


Heart tissue regeneration

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Growth factor essential to epicardial cell function: research
Background


Epigenomics

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Epigenome effort makes its mark
Background


Long non-coding RNA and gene expression

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Researchers discover new class of objects encoded within the genome
Background, Background


B-cell activation

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - One lock, many keys
Background


Climate and early human evolution

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Study to reveal link between climate and early human evolution
Background


Bacterial mobility

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Videos catch microbes walking on hairlike appendages
  2. October 7, 2010 - Walking Tall, Bacterial Style
  3. October 8, 2010 - Researchers discover 'walking' properties of bacteria - also here, here
  4. October 12, 2010 - Bacteria stand up, go for a stroll
Background


B-cell survival

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Cell survival protein discovery rewrites immune system story
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Researcher discovers mechanism for changing adult cells into stem-like cells
Background


Elevated inflammatory response of adults having childhood trauma

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Childhood adversity may lead to unhealthy stress response in adult life
Background


Engineering of cell walls of pathogenic bacteria

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Scientists trick bacteria with small molecules
Background


Wnt-mediated cell proliferation induced by commensal bacteria

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Gut microbes promote cell turnover by a well-known pathway
Background


G protein-coupled receptor structure

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Scientists reveal first structure of a class of proteins that help guide blood cell movement
Background


Embryonic cardiac myocyte proliferation

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Three-way control of fetal heart-cell proliferation could help regenerate cardiac cells - also here
Background


Initiation of DNA replication

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Novel protein critical for cellular proliferation discovered
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - New tool in the fight against tuberculosis
Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Purple Fins Drive Male Ciclids Wild
  2. October 8, 2010 - Female fish flaunt fins to attract a mate
  3. October 13, 2010 - Female fish dance for love
Background


IL-21 and immune cell commmunication

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Studying illnesses caused by worms: Scientists are learning how immune cells communicate
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. October 10, 2010 - Genome-building from the bottom up
Background


Ligand binding

References:
  1. October 10, 2010 - Study challenges conventional theory of modern drug design
Background


Microtubule cytoskeleton

References:
  1. October 10, 2010 - Scientists watch cell-shape process for first time
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Researchers discover 'inner compass' in the human brain
  2. October 6, 2010 - Competing motivational brain responses predict costly helping
Background


Addiction and dopamine-dependent learning

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Mechanism involved in addictions and some forms of obesity discovered
Background, Background


Dopamine and sensation seeking

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - A thirst for excitement is hidden in your genes
Background


Serotonin and hallucinogens

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Scientists shed light on how serotonin works
Background


Neurobiology databases

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Elsevier's BrainNavigator 3.0 reflects the next step in enhancing neurological research
Background


NMDA, AMPA, and learning

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Neuroscience research may help patients recover from brain injury
Background


Endocannabinoids and pain

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Increasing the body's (but not brain's) cannabinoids dulls pain
Background


Neural circuitry of the retina

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Researchers map functional connections between retinal neurons at single-cell resolution - also here, here
Background


Sensory plasticity

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Researchers find the blind use visual brain area to improve other senses
  2. October 10, 2010 - How being deaf can enhance sight - also here
  3. October 10, 2010 - Research discovers how the deaf have super vision
  4. October 11, 2010 - Why the Deaf Have Enhanced Vision
Background


Synapses and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Number of synapses shown to vary between night and day in study of zebrafish
Background, Background


Autism

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Siblings of autistic children may share some symptoms - also here
  2. October 8, 2010 - Autistic children are not good at covering up their lies: study
Background


Voting by neurons

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Neurons cast votes to guide decision-making - also here, here
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Chemists design 'tunable,' cloaked, toxin delivery system to kill tumors from within - also here, here
  2. October 5, 2010 - New nanoparticles could improve cancer treatment - also here, here
  3. October 10, 2010 - Thioketal nanoparticles: Researchers develop oral delivery system to treat inflammatory bowel diseases
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Walnuts, walnut oil, improve reaction to stress
  2. October 4, 2010 - Gene test aims for better heart disease detection - also here
  3. October 5, 2010 - Better cholesterol drugs may follow SLU researcher's breakthrough
  4. October 5, 2010 - Researchers pool data to search for genetic risks in heart disease
  5. October 6, 2010 - Blood pressure breakthrough holds real hope for treatment of pre-eclampsia
  6. October 6, 2010 - Best diets to reduce heart disease investigated in new study
  7. October 6, 2010 - Persistently noisy workplace more than doubles heart disease risk
  8. October 7, 2010 - Heart healthy diet: Low fat or low carbs?
  9. October 7, 2010 - Doctors evaluating heart problems should consider checking fat deposits around the heart
  10. October 7, 2010 - Study disproves link between genetic variant, risk of coronary artery disease
  11. October 8, 2010 - How niacin fights high cholesterol: New research gets to the heart of the problem
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - U-M announces its first human embryonic stem cell line
  2. October 7, 2010 - Stem cells shape up to their surroundings
  3. October 8, 2010 - Damaged spinal cord tissue repaired by stem cells
Background


Sleep and weight loss

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Sleep loss limits fat loss
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Exercise may reduce Alzheimer's disease brain changes
  2. October 5, 2010 - Blood test could diagnose Alzheimer's disease
  3. October 5, 2010 - Low testosterone linked to Alzheimer's disease
  4. October 6, 2010 - New findings pull back curtain on relationship between iron and Alzheimer's disease
  5. October 6, 2010 - Immune system linked with accumulation of toxic tau protein
  6. October 8, 2010 - Researchers create experimental vaccine against Alzheimer's
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Identifying enzymes to explode superbugs
  2. October 6, 2010 - Running out of antibiotics, scientists turn to enzymes to kill superbugs
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - New vaccine extends survival for patients with deadly brain cancers
  2. October 4, 2010 - X-rays linked to increased childhood leukemia risk
  3. October 4, 2010 - Radiation pharmacogenomics identifies biomarkers that could personalize cancer treatment
  4. October 4, 2010 - Newly identified set of genomic loci selectively associated with prostate cancer in East Asian men
  5. October 4, 2010 - Developing brain cancer vaccine doubles survival
  6. October 5, 2010 - Fish oil linked to increased risk of colon cancer in mice
  7. October 5, 2010 - Early lung cancer detection
  8. October 5, 2010 - Breast density study explores cancer risk factor
  9. October 5, 2010 - The gold standard in cancer staging now as Web tool
  10. October 5, 2010 - MU College of Veterinary Medicine to study efficacy of cancer drug in dogs
  11. October 6, 2010 - Researchers advance understanding of structural change in cancer cells
  12. October 6, 2010 - New study probes link between breast cancer and air pollution
  13. October 6, 2010 - New cancer therapy appears promising in pre-clinical trials
  14. October 6, 2010 - Prostate cancer detected with help from optical imaging system
  15. October 6, 2010 - Colonoscopy may miss more than 7 percent of cancers
  16. October 7, 2010 - Breast cancer risk level assessed by age, genetics, estrogen exposure
  17. October 7, 2010 - Breast density linked to increased risk of subsequent breast cancer
  18. October 7, 2010 - Cheek swab may detect lung cancer - also here
  19. October 7, 2010 - Preventive drugs for higher-risk women rarely used to treat breast cancer
  20. October 7, 2010 - URMC discovers new trigger for kidney cancer's invasive behavior
  21. October 7, 2010 - Fish-filled diet may cut prostate cancer mortality
  22. October 8, 2010 - Clue to unusual drug-resistant breast cancers found
  23. October 8, 2010 - Shift work and cancer
  24. October 8, 2010 - Targeted therapy promising for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer
  25. October 8, 2010 - Roche's cancer drug T-DM1 delivers robust results
  26. October 8, 2010 - Roche: breast cancer, lung cancer data "stunning" - also here
  27. October 9, 2010 - Erlotinib improves progression-free survival as first-line therapy in advanced lung cancer
  28. October 9, 2010 - New targeted therapy adds benefit to erlotinib in some patients with advanced lung cancer
  29. October 9, 2010 - Identifying subsets of patients who will respond to subsequent lines of chemotherapy
  30. October 9, 2010 - Roche drugs point to personalized lung cancer care
  31. October 9, 2010 - Amgen drug extends survival in ovarian cancer study
  32. October 9, 2010 - Takeda drug shows some effect in ovarian cancer
  33. October 9, 2010 - Roche's Tarceva and MetMab impress in lung cancer
  34. October 10, 2010 - Investigational ovarian cancer drug shows promise against platinum resistant disease
  35. October 10, 2010 - TTF and chemotherapy increase survival for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
  36. October 10, 2010 - Final data confirms Sanofi breast cancer drug gain
  37. October 10, 2010 - Local trials cast doubt on Erbitux, Avastin drugs
  38. October 10, 2010 - New melanoma drug may shrink brain tumors
Background


Drug development

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Best drug development results from computer/test tube combination
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Superbug detected in Taiwan
  2. October 5, 2010 - Researchers examine how bacteria become resistant to antibiotics
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - New clues on why some people with Parkinson's die sooner
  2. October 5, 2010 - Parkinson's disease protein impedes nerve signaling long before brain cells die
  3. October 6, 2010 - Damaged cell powerhouses linked to Parkinson's
  4. October 6, 2010 - Parkinsonian Power Failure: Neuron Degeneration May Be Caused by a Cellular Energy System Breakdown
  5. October 6, 2010 - In Parkinson's disease, brain cells abandon mitochondria
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. October 4, 2010 - Sleep loss might thwart dieters' fat loss
  2. October 4, 2010 - Dieters need a good night's sleep to fight fat: study
  3. October 10, 2010 - Studies provide new insights into the genetics of obesity and fat distribution
  4. October 10, 2010 - Obese? Apple or pear shaped? It may be your genes
Background


Amino acid supplements and longevity

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Amino acid supplement makes mice live longer
Background


Effects of air pollution on immune system regulation

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Air pollution alters immune function, worsens asthma symptoms
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - T cell discovery shows promise for Type 1 diabetes treatment
  2. October 6, 2010 - Experts advocate realigning type 2 diabetes treatments with disease's natural history
  3. October 7, 2010 - Type 2 diabetics warned on dangers of low blood sugar
  4. October 7, 2010 - Study links large waist size to higher diabetes rates among Americans
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - MRI may predict continued decline in patients with mild cognitive impairment
Background


Fitness and longevity

References:
  1. October 5, 2010 - Emotional and physical wellness might be linked to longer life
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - First clinical trial of gene therapy for muscular dystrophy lends insight into the disease
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. October 6, 2010 - Insoluble medicines can be made orally available if in nano crystal form
  2. October 7, 2010 - New discovery could impact how the body receives medicine
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 7, 2010 - Surprising similarities between human and zebrafish tumors
  2. October 8, 2010 - Using cancer's weapons against it
  3. October 9, 2010 - Study reveals cancer-linked epigenetic effects of smoking
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Nutrition studies explore health benefits
Background, Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. October 8, 2010 - Hepatitis C virus damages brain cells
  2. October 10, 2010 - Scientists link hepatitis C virus infection to fat enzyme in liver cells
Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved