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Volume 10, Number 2
January 10, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Plate tectonics on Mars
Quantum reality, locality, and free will
Dark energy
Sea level rise
Labrador Current
Planet formation
Active galaxies
Star-forming regions
Solar corona
M31
Population III stars
Global warming
Gravitational waves
Aerosols
Extrasolar planets
X-ray variability of Crab nebula
Methane and continental greenhouse gas uptake
Snowball Earth
Sunspots
Supermassive black hole in a dwarf galaxy

Technology

Photovoltaics
Nanotechnology
Spintronics
Graphene
Metamaterials
Carbon nanotubes
Topological insulators

Life sciences

Human infant size and evolution
The AMPK-SRC-2 pathway and fat metabolism
Biochemistry
Homo floresiensis
End of Cambrian explosion
Viral evasion of immune system antigen presenting mechanism
Synthetic proteins
Herpes virus replication
Mitochondrial signals and lifespan
Neutrophils
Origins of life
Biofilms
Chaperones and protein folding problems
Measles virus infection

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Depression
Brain-imaging studies
Decision making
Zinc and synapses
Schizophrenia
Distinguishing meaningful sounds from noise
Circadian rhythm in molds
Corvid tool use
Formation of long-distant neural connections during brain development
Infant processing of language
Gap junctions and fear memory
Phosphoinositide and calcium ion signaling in neurons
Dopamine and enjoyment of music

Health and medicine

Stem cells
Cancer
Microfluidics test for cancer
Cancer biology
Nanobiotechnology
Diabetes
Cardiovascular disease
Lung inflammation
Metabolic syndrome
Autoimmune disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Obesity
Malaria
Alzheimer's disease
Tissue engineering
Multiple sclerosis
Gene therapy
Dementia
Antibiotic resistance
Tuberculosis
Network medicine
Chromothripsis
Parkinson's disease
Resveratrol and adiponectin



Physical sciences


Plate tectonics on Mars

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Surface of Mars Possibly Shaped by Plate Tectonics in Recent Past
Background, Background


Quantum reality, locality, and free will

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Reality, locality, and 'free will'
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Quest for Dark Energy May Fade to Black
Background


Sea level rise

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Advancing Alaskan Glacier Holds Clues to Global Sea Level Rise
Background


Labrador Current

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Atlantic currents have seen 'drastic' changes: study
  2. January 5, 2011 - 'Drastic' weather shifts in Atlantic current
Background, Background


Planet formation

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Building a new planet
Background


Active galaxies

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - The impact of double black holes and radio galaxies in the Milky Way
  2. January 5, 2011 - Mystery Deepens in Origin of Violent Black Holes
  3. January 5, 2011 - Galactic Smashups Leave Giant Black Holes Hungry
  4. January 5, 2011 - Collisions Cleared as Cause of Galactic Infernos
  5. January 5, 2011 - Identity parade clears cosmic collisions of the suspicion of promoting black hole growth - also here
  6. January 6, 2011 - Galaxy collisions may not fuel black holes after all
  7. January 6, 2011 - Study: Hyperactive Black Holes Aren't Caused by Galactic Smash-ups
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Stellar Powerhouses in the Eagle Nebula
  2. January 5, 2011 - VISTA stares deeply into the blue lagoon
  3. January 5, 2011 - Lagoon Nebula's Stellar Baby Boom Seen in New Photo
  4. January 7, 2011 - Blue Lagoon
Background


Solar corona

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Smithsonian instrument 'fills the gap,' views sun's innermost corona
  2. January 6, 2011 - Plasma jets key to enduring solar mystery
  3. January 6, 2011 - Really Hot Doin's Discovered on the Sun
  4. January 6, 2011 - Superhot solar mystery may be solved
  5. January 6, 2011 - Plasma jets make Sun's corona so much hotter than the surface
  6. January 6, 2011 - Plasma Jets Pump Heat into the Sun's Sizzling Corona
  7. January 6, 2011 - Plasma jets are prime suspect in solar mystery - also here
  8. January 6, 2011 - Sun's Super-Hot Shell Cooked by Plasma Jets
  9. January 6, 2011 - Physicists find new clue in coronal heating mystery
  10. January 7, 2011 - Blistering plasma jets explain Sun's outer heat
  11. January 7, 2011 - Why the sun's atmosphere is hotter than its surface
  12. January 14, 2011 - Jet Set
Background


M31

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Birth and death within Andromeda
  2. January 5, 2011 - Andromeda in a new light
  3. January 6, 2011 - New Photos Reveal Birth and Death of Andromeda Stars
Background


Population III stars

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Dark ages seen in new light - also here
  2. January 5, 2011 - Wreckage is from 'pristine star'
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Is Global Warming Making Tibet Dustier?
  2. January 7, 2011 - Measures to Save Ozone Stemmed a Lot More Global Warming
  3. January 9, 2011 - The end for small glaciers
  4. January 9, 2011 - Climate change to continue to year 3000 in best case scenarios: research
  5. January 9, 2011 - Warming to devastate glaciers, Antarctic icesheet - studies
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Small atoms, big ideas in gravity detection
Background


Aerosols

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Earth is getting dustier, model suggests
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - How to sort the dwarfs from the planets
  2. January 7, 2011 - Exoplanetary systems
Background


X-ray variability of Crab nebula

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Famous Crab Nebula Shoots Off Mysterious Flares
  2. January 6, 2011 - Fermi's Large Area Telescope sees surprising flares in Crab Nebula
  3. January 6, 2011 - Mystery flares betray hidden force within Crab nebula
  4. January 7, 2011 - Crab Nebula gets erratic with gamma-ray outbursts
  5. January 13, 2011 - High-energy surprises found in 'constant' Crab Nebula
  6. January 13, 2011 - Astronomers say goodbye to the 'millicrab'
  7. January 20, 2011 - The Crab Nebula Flickers!
  8. January 21, 2011 - Inconstant Crab
  9. January 31, 2011 - Gamma-ray flares from the Crab
Background, Background


Methane and continental greenhouse gas uptake

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Freshwater methane release changes greenhouse gas equation
Background


Snowball Earth

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Snowball Earth Was Dotted With Puddles
Background


Sunspots

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - How the sun gets its spots
Background


Supermassive black hole in a dwarf galaxy

References:
  1. January 9, 2011 - Dwarf Galaxy Harbors Supermassive Black Hole - also here, here
  2. January 9, 2011 - Ginormous Black Hole May Solve Longstanding Mystery
  3. January 9, 2011 - New Evidence Shows Black Hole Growth Preceding Galactic Formation
  4. January 9, 2011 - Astronomers Discover Supermassive Black Hole in Center of Tiny Galaxy
  5. January 10, 2011 - Huge Black Hole Found in Dwarf Galaxy
  6. January 10, 2011 - Baby Galaxy Hosts Monster Black Hole
  7. January 10, 2011 - Supermassive Black Hole Peeks From Behind The Skirt Of A Dwarf Galaxy
  8. January 10, 2011 - Henize 2-10: A Surprisingly Close Look at the Early Cosmos
  9. January 10, 2011 - Dwarf galaxy solves supermassive mystery
  10. January 10, 2011 - Dwarf galaxy hides a cosmic 'Little Big Man'
  11. January 11, 2011 - Itty Bitty Galaxy Home to Gargantuan Supermassive Black Hole
  12. January 11, 2011 - Supersized Black Hole Seen in Small Galaxy
  13. January 11, 2011 - A tiny galaxy that hides a big secret
  14. January 11, 2011 - Massive black hole found in nearby galaxy
  15. January 12, 2011 - A Black Hole 'Too Big' For Its Galaxy
  16. January 24, 2011 - The Early Cosmos
Background, Background, Background



Technology


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Researchers print solar cells on toilet paper, other delicate materials
  2. January 4, 2011 - New solar cell self-repairs like natural plant systems
  3. January 6, 2011 - Affordable solar technology
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - 'Nanoscoops' could spark new generation of electric automobile batteries
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Device controls, measures spin current injected into semiconductor material
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Watching atoms at graphene's edge
  2. January 5, 2011 - Graphene grains make atom-thick patchwork 'quilts' - also here
  3. January 6, 2011 - A Patchwork Quilt of Graphene's Atoms
  4. January 6, 2011 - Graphene electrodes for organic solar cells
  5. January 7, 2011 - Extending Moore's Law: Expitaxial graphene shows promise for replacing silicon in electronics
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Newly developed cloak hides underwater objects from sonar - also here, here
  2. January 5, 2011 - Acoustic cloak hides underwater objects from sonar
  3. January 10, 2011 - Invisibility cloak for ultrasonic waves
  4. January 18, 2011 - Cylinders of silence cloak in 2D
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Nanotube yarns let smart clothing survive the laundry
  2. January 7, 2011 - Carbon nanotubes spin a yarn
Background


Topological insulators

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Reversing a Quantum Force
Background



Life sciences


Human infant size and evolution

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Did big babies help bring human ancestors down from the trees?
  2. January 3, 2011 - How big babies shaped society
  3. January 4, 2011 - Our Ancestors' Big Babies May Have Shaped Human Evolution
  4. January 4, 2011 - Human evolution and big babies
Background


The AMPK-SRC-2 pathway and fat metabolism

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Fueling the body on fat
Background, Background


Biochemistry

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - From molecule to object: Largest synthetic structure with molecular precision
  2. January 5, 2011 - Building big molecules bottom-up
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Researchers to drill for hobbit history
Background


End of Cambrian explosion

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Too Little Oxygen And a Sulfur Overdose Drove Cambrian Extinction
  2. January 5, 2011 - Oxygen crash led to Cambrian mass extinction
  3. January 5, 2011 - Oceans may have poisoned early animals - also here
  4. January 5, 2011 - Oxygen's challenge to early life
  5. January 5, 2011 - Widespread Ancient Ocean "Dead Zones" Challenged Early Life
Background


Viral evasion of immune system antigen presenting mechanism

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Viral evasion gene reveals new targets for eliminating chronic infections
Background


Synthetic proteins

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Scientists construct synthetic proteins that sustain life
Background


Herpes virus replication

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Researchers visualize herpes virus' tactical maneuver
Background


Mitochondrial signals and lifespan

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - How mitochondrial signals extend lifespan - also here
Background


Neutrophils

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Researchers investigate why a limited number of white blood cells are attracted to injured tissue
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Cluster model shows how first cells could have divided
  2. January 7, 2011 - Can a Simple Model Explain the Advent of Cells?
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - A pesky bacterial slime reveals its survival secrets - also here
Background


Chaperones and protein folding problems

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Blame the 'chaperone'
Background, Background


Measles virus infection

References:
  1. January 9, 2011 - Researchers describe measles viral protein movement
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Depression

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Resurrecting the so-called 'depression gene' - also here
  2. January 3, 2011 - A Gene to Explain Depression
  3. January 4, 2011 - Depression linked to girls with early menstruation
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Love: it's all the same to the brain
  2. January 5, 2011 - Brain scans show children with ADHD have faulty off-switch for mind-wandering
  3. January 6, 2011 - Viewing Art Activates Brain's Reward Circuits
Background


Decision making

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Trust your gut ... but only sometimes - also here
Background


Zinc and synapses

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - 'UnZIPPING' zinc protects hippocampal neurons
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Neuronal migration errors: Right cells, wrong place
Background


Distinguishing meaningful sounds from noise

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - The cocktail party problem
Background


Circadian rhythm in molds

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Jet lag uncovered by mould
Background


Corvid tool use

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Clever Crows Use Tools in New Way
  2. January 18, 2011 - New Caledonian crows' use of tools innovative, clever
Background


Formation of long-distant neural connections during brain development

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - 'Timing is everything' in ensuring healthy brain development
Background


Infant processing of language

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Babies process language in a grown-up way
Background, Background


Gap junctions and fear memory

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - 'Long-shot' discovery may lead to advances in treating anxiety, memory disorders
Background, Background, Background


Phosphoinositide and calcium ion signaling in neurons

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Link between signaling molecules could point way to therapies for epilepsy, stroke, other diseases
Background


Dopamine and enjoyment of music

References:
  1. January 9, 2011 - Study: Love music? Thank a substance in your brain - also here
  2. January 9, 2011 - Favourite music evokes same feelings as good food or drugs
  3. January 9, 2011 - Musical pleasure
  4. January 10, 2011 - Musical Thrills Are Explained as a Rush of Dopamine to the Brain
  5. January 10, 2011 - Why Music Makes You Happy
  6. January 10, 2011 - Brains react to music like a drug
  7. January 10, 2011 - Music thrills trigger reward chemical
  8. January 18, 2011 - Turns out that music really is intoxicating, after all
  9. January 19, 2011 - The Chill Of Music - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Bringing Embryonic Stem Cells to the Blind: Clinical Test Gets FDA Approval
  2. January 3, 2011 - US approves new trial of embryonic stem cells on blindness - also here, here
  3. January 3, 2011 - FDA approves second Advanced Cell stem cell trial
  4. January 3, 2011 - Advanced Cell Technology Cleared to Test Stem-Cell Therapy for Vision Loss
  5. January 4, 2011 - Male pattern balding may be due to stem cell inactivation: study
  6. January 4, 2011 - Induced pluripotent stem cells from foetal skin cells, embryonic stem cells display comparable potential for derivation
  7. January 4, 2011 - Embryonic stem cell trial to test macular degeneration treatment
  8. January 4, 2011 - Stem cell fix bandied for balding
  9. January 5, 2011 - UTHealth studies cord blood stem cells for pediatric traumatic brain injury
  10. January 5, 2011 - Stem cells hold key to cure for baldness
  11. January 6, 2011 - Neural stem cells maintain high levels of reactive oxygen species, study finds
  12. January 6, 2011 - Stem cell discovery could lead to improved bone marrow transplants
  13. January 6, 2011 - Genetic abnormalities identified in pluripotent stem cell lines
  14. January 7, 2011 - Stem cells from urine could help fix your plumbing
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Peptide delivers 1-2 punch to breast cancer in pre-clinical study
  2. January 3, 2011 - Risk of breast cancer recurrence may depend on treating surgeon
  3. January 3, 2011 - Study: Colonoscopy Is Worth the Discomfort
  4. January 4, 2011 - Detecting esophageal cancer with light
  5. January 4, 2011 - Estrogen may help precancerous cells spread in oral cavity
  6. January 5, 2011 - Exercise may lower risk of death for men with prostate cancer
  7. January 5, 2011 - TB patients face higher lung cancer risk: Taiwan researchers
  8. January 6, 2011 - Potential new multiple myeloma therapy developed
  9. January 6, 2011 - Steering cancer inflammation to inhibit tumor growth and spread
  10. January 6, 2011 - High dietary fat, cholesterol linked to increased risk of breast cancer
Background


Microfluidics test for cancer

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - MGH test for cancer gets backing
  2. January 3, 2011 - A Blood Test for Cancer
  3. January 3, 2011 - Mass. General enters collaboration to develop new approach to capturing circulating tumor cells
  4. January 3, 2011 - Blood test to spot cancer gets big boost from J&J - also here
  5. January 4, 2011 - Scientists Aim for Test That Spots Single Cancer Cell in Blood Sample
  6. January 4, 2011 - Researchers Push a Blood Test for Cancer Toward the Doctor's Office
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Protein wields phosphate group to inhibit cancer metastasis
  2. January 4, 2011 - Mechanism regulates protein stability in cells
  3. January 6, 2011 - Scientists now know why some cancers become malignant and others don't
  4. January 6, 2011 - Loss of gene promotes brain-tumor development, reduces survival, study finds
  5. January 7, 2011 - Researchers pinpoint origin of deadly brain tumor
  6. January 7, 2011 - Scientists clear the way to alternative anti-angiogenic cancer therapy
  7. January 7, 2011 - MicroRNA-TP53 circuit connected to chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Researchers will test nanoparticles against pancreatic cancer
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 3, 2011 - Women with both diabetes and depression at higher risk of dying from heart disease, other causes
  2. January 4, 2011 - A body temperature sensor, TRPM2, promotes insulin secretion
  3. January 6, 2011 - Routine blood test may identify people with pre-diabetes, cutting later treatment costs
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Birch bark ingredient comes with many metabolic benefits
  2. January 4, 2011 - From dusty punch cards, new insights into link between cholesterol and heart disease
  3. January 4, 2011 - A new drug target in atherosclerosis: The anaphylatoxin C5a
  4. January 4, 2011 - Porphyromonas gingivalis accelerates inflammatory atherosclerosis in a mouse model
  5. January 4, 2011 - New findings may help explain some major clinical symptoms of preeclampsia
  6. January 5, 2011 - Bacteria eyed for possible role in atherosclerosis
  7. January 5, 2011 - Heart attack, stroke prevention in a pill
  8. January 6, 2011 - Tomatoes found to contain nutrient which prevents vascular diseases
  9. January 6, 2011 - Cardiologists uncover new heart attack warning sign
  10. January 7, 2011 - Liver disease a possible predictor of stroke: study
Background


Lung inflammation

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Scientists discover that a specific enzyme inhibitor may help control lung inflammation
  2. January 4, 2011 - Study shows vitamin D deficiencies may impact onset of autoimmune lung disease
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Vitamins C and E linked to metabolic syndrome in low-income Ecuadorians
Background, Background, Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Accurate interpretation of antinuclear antibodies test key to confirming autoimmune disease
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Current smokers with early rheumatoid arthritis less responsive to TNF inhibitors, methotrexate
  2. January 5, 2011 - Mayo Clinic determines lifetime risk of adult rheumatoid arthritis
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. January 4, 2011 - Research on obesity targets the brain's use of fatty acids
  2. January 7, 2011 - Finally, a fat-fighting drug that shows promise
  3. January 7, 2011 - A fat tummy shrivels your brain
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Malaria parasites synch with host
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Protective properties of green tea uncovered
  2. January 6, 2011 - Alzheimer's blood test 'most accurate' so far - also here
  3. January 6, 2011 - Is Alzheimer's Disease Written in Blood?
  4. January 6, 2011 - Alzheimer's blood test 'fishes' for signs of disease
  5. January 6, 2011 - Early Steps Toward an Alzheimer's Blood Test
  6. January 6, 2011 - A blood test for Alzheimer's disease?
  7. January 7, 2011 - Researchers Take One Step Towards a Blood Test for Alzheimer's
  8. January 7, 2011 - Groundbreaking study on the progression of Alzheimer's disease needs participants
  9. January 7, 2011 - Blood test for Alzheimer's offers hope for early diagnosis
  10. January 13, 2011 - Alzheimer's detected in blood?
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Biological joints could replace artificial joints soon
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Women with MS more likely to have MS-related gene than men
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Faster, scalable method for producing AAV-based gene transfer vectors
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Mediterranean diet associated with slower rate of cognitive decline
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. January 5, 2011 - Antibiotic resistance is not just genetic
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - New findings show vitamin D accelerates recovery from tuberculosis
Background


Network medicine

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - A cellular roadmap for medical researchers
Background, Background


Chromothripsis

References:
  1. January 6, 2011 - Normal today, cancer tomorrow
  2. January 6, 2011 - Punctuated evolution in cancer genomes
  3. January 6, 2011 - Cancer in a single catastrophe
  4. January 10, 2011 - Cancer Can Develop in Catastrophic Burst
  5. January 16, 2011 - Humpty Dumpty chromosomes fast-track cancer
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Scientists shed light on what causes brain cell death in Parkinson's patients
  2. January 7, 2011 - Bike riding helps Parkinson's diagnosis
Background


Resveratrol and adiponectin

References:
  1. January 7, 2011 - Grape ingredient resveratrol increases beneficial fat hormone
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved