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Volume 10, Number 5
January 31, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Extrasolar planets
Supermassive black holes
Black hole mergers
Star-forming regions
Energyless erasure of information
Plane partitions
Very early galaxies
Very large ground-based telescopes
Large Hadron Collider
Brown dwarfs
Radio astronomy
Neutrino physics
Enceladus
Quantum theory and 'artificial hydrogen'
Global warming
Late Ordovician mass extinction
Earthquakes
Black holes
Water on Mars
Fermi liquids
Spin-powering of supermassive black hole jets
Solar flares

Technology

Photovoltaics
Plasmonics
Holographic telepresence
Carbon nanotubes
Spintronics
Metamaterials and nanoplasmonics
Lab-on-a-chip
Spintronics and graphene
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
Solar sails
Nanotechnology
Retinal prostheses
Plastic electronics
Superconductivity
Reverse lasers
Hydrogen production
Molybdenite electronics

Life sciences

Evolution and molecular error rates
Bacterial social intelligence
Molecular transport during mitosis
Human Variome Project
Biophysics
Mathematical modeling of cell shape and motion
Mathematical modeling of ecological food webs
Orangutan genome
Gene imprinting
DNA molecular structure
Serpin proteins
Horizontal gene transfer and protein evolution
Immune system aging
HDL cholesterol receptor
Catch-up growth
Sexual selection
Neanderthals
Cell reprogramming

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Correlation of word length and information content
Sleep and memory
Activity in neuronal networks
Acquisition of fear during infancy
Depression
Psychopathy
Brain-imaging studies
IGF-II and memory
Circadian rhythm
Human brain connectome
Calcium channels and neuronal excitability
Dietary fat and depression
Nodes of Ranvier
Universal intelligence measurement
Erk and myelination
Transcranial magnetic stimulation and learning
Mathematical modeling of visual information processing
Nicotine addiction
Nestin and neuromuscular synapse formation

Health and medicine

Cancer
Cancer biology
Synthetic antibodies
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Obesity
Gene therapy
Antibiotic resistance
Diabetes
AIDS
Alzheimer's disease
Nanobiotechnology
Multiple sclerosis
Spinal cord repair
Sirt3, reactive oxygen species, and cancer
Drug delivery
Prions



Physical sciences


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - "Nightmare" Star Flares Dim Odds for Alien Life?
  2. January 25, 2011 - Oversized Exoplanets Inflate Themselves
Background


Supermassive black holes

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - A supermassive black hole
Background


Black hole mergers

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Better view of a merging pair
Background, Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Dragonfish nebula conceals giant star cluster
Background


Energyless erasure of information

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Scientists show how to erase information without using energy
Background


Plane partitions

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Long-standing mathematical conjecture finally proved
Background


Very early galaxies

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - NASA's Hubble Finds Most Distant Galaxy Candidate Ever Seen in Universe
  2. January 26, 2011 - Astronomers find most distant galaxy candidate yet seen
  3. January 26, 2011 - Oldest galaxy is lone ranger
  4. January 26, 2011 - Distant Galaxy Is Record Breaker
  5. January 26, 2011 - Another record breaker: ultra-deep image reveals ultra-distant galaxy
  6. January 26, 2011 - Hubble telescope spies what may be most distant object ever observed
  7. January 26, 2011 - Hubble Finds Galaxy Beyond Key Benchmark
  8. January 26, 2011 - Galaxy in Hubble Image May Be the Most Distant Object Ever Seen
  9. January 26, 2011 - Astronomers Discover Oldest Galaxy Yet Seen
  10. January 26, 2011 - Hubble spots most ancient galaxy to date
  11. January 26, 2011 - Astronomers Claim Earliest Galaxy yet From Hubble - also here
  12. January 27, 2011 - A Galaxy when Galaxies Were Young
  13. January 27, 2011 - Hubble Spots the Most Distant Galaxy Ever Seen
  14. January 27, 2011 - Oldest galaxy lacked many stars
  15. January 27, 2011 - Telescope spots 'oldest galaxy' yet seen
  16. January 27, 2011 - Hubble catches a glimpse of things to come
  17. January 27, 2011 - Hubble photo: the most distant object ever seen
  18. January 27, 2011 - Hubble telescope spots farthest galaxy yet
  19. January 27, 2011 - Will we ever glimpse the universe's first stars?
Background, Background


Very large ground-based telescopes

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Brazil ignites telescope race
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Hunt for dark matter closes in at Large Hadron Collider
  2. January 28, 2011 - CERN Gives Higgs Hunters an Extra Year
Background


Brown dwarfs

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Astronomers discover coolest objects outside solar system
Background


Radio astronomy

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - An astronomer's field of dreams
Background


Neutrino physics

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Neutrino detector starts measurement
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - A fizzy ocean on Enceladus
  2. January 28, 2011 - A fizzy ocean found on Saturn's moon
  3. January 28, 2011 - Saturnian moon's ocean full of gas
Background


Quantum theory and 'artificial hydrogen'

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Artificial hydrogen tests quantum theory
  2. January 28, 2011 - Atomic disguise makes helium look like hydrogen
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Arctic Ocean feels the heat
  2. January 27, 2011 - Warming North Atlantic water tied to heating Arctic, according to new study - also here
  3. January 28, 2011 - More frequent drought likely in eastern Africa
  4. February 1, 2011 - Arctic Ocean water is 'warmest it's been for more than 2,000 years'
  5. February 2, 2011 - North Atlantic strait at its warmest for 2000 years
Background


Late Ordovician mass extinction

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - How to Read a Prehistoric Thermometer
  2. January 27, 2011 - Geobiologists uncover links between ancient climate change and mass extinction
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Otago geologists help probe Alpine Fault's secrets
  2. January 30, 2011 - Chile quake didn't reduce risk
  3. January 30, 2011 - Rising risk of major quake in Chile: study
  4. January 30, 2011 - Darwin Gap quake will shake Chile again
  5. January 31, 2011 - Chile's Disastrous 2010 Earthquake Didn't Dissipate the Seismic Stress
  6. January 31, 2011 - Massive Chile Quake May Lead to Another
  7. January 31, 2011 - Risk of new Chile quake seen after 2010 disaster
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - For Fully Mature Black Holes, Time Stands Still
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Mars Hides More Water Than Thought, Study Suggests
Background


Fermi liquids

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - Quantum pendulum trick explained - also here
Background


Spin-powering of supermassive black hole jets

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - The power of spin
Background, Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - Sun Unleashes a Rare Double Whammy
Background



Technology


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Solving the solar cell power conversion dilemma
  2. January 27, 2011 - Solar power on a hot tin roof
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - GRIN plasmonics: A practical path to superfast computing, invisibility carpet-cloaking devices
  2. January 25, 2011 - Ultrafast transparency in a plasmonic nanorod
  3. January 27, 2011 - Photon-plasmon coupling: Dye guides light through perforated metal foil
Background


Holographic telepresence

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Using Xbox Kinect, standard graphics chips, researchers achieve highest frame rate yet for streaming holographic video
  2. January 24, 2011 - Kinect used to create holographic video of Princess Leia
  3. January 25, 2011 - Holographic video comes up to speed
  4. January 26, 2011 - Faster but fuzzier holographic 3-D teleconferencing debuts - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Researchers use nanoscale transistors to study single-molecule interactions
  2. January 27, 2011 - Touchscreens made of carbon
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - A useful pyramid scheme
  2. January 27, 2011 - Strain and spin could drive ultralow energy computers
  3. January 28, 2011 - Giving Light a Spin
Background


Metamaterials and nanoplasmonics

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - New material enables 'information sorting' at the speed of light
Background, Background, Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - New lab-on-chip advance uses low-cost, disposable paper strips
Background


Spintronics and graphene

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Armchair nanoribbons made into spintronic device
  2. January 25, 2011 - Graphene and 'spintronics' combo looks promising
Background, Background


Extreme ultraviolet lithography

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Researchers develop a full numerical model of EUV imaging and exposure statistics
Background


Solar sails

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Japan's IKAROS Solar Sail Mission Extended for a Year
  2. February 3, 2011 - Solar sails pick up speed
  3. February 9, 2011 - Solar-powered crafts set sail in space
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Method prints nanostructures using hard, sharp 'pen' tips floating on soft polymer springs
  2. January 26, 2011 - Nanowires exhibit giant piezoelectricity
  3. January 27, 2011 - A mix of tiny gold and viral particles -- and the DNA ties that bind them
  4. January 28, 2011 - Better Molecular Pens
Background


Retinal prostheses

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Plastic artificial retina is a hit with nerve cells
Background


Plastic electronics

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - New transistor for plastic electronics exhibits the best of both worlds
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Half-quantum vortices
Background


Reverse lasers

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Physicists create 'backward laser'
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - A dash of disorder yields a very efficient photocatalyst
Background


Molybdenite electronics

References:
  1. January 30, 2011 - An alternative to silicon and better than graphene - also here
  2. January 31, 2011 - A Mineral You've Never Heard of Could Create Next-Gen Electronics
  3. January 31, 2011 - Super material tipped to succeed silicon
  4. January 31, 2011 - Molybdenite transistors: better than graphene?
  5. February 8, 2011 - Molybdenite transistor is a first
Background



Life sciences


Evolution and molecular error rates

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Evolution by mistake
Background, Background


Bacterial social intelligence

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Scientists develop IQ test to assess and outsmart bacteria's 'social intelligence' - also here
Background


Molecular transport during mitosis

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Researchers ID molecular link key for cell growth
Background


Human Variome Project

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - China spurs quest for human variome
Background


Biophysics

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Dynamic systems in living cells break the rules
Background


Mathematical modeling of cell shape and motion

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Researchers use cell 'profiling' to detect abnormalities -- including cancer
Background


Mathematical modeling of ecological food webs

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Mathematical model could help predict and prevent future extinctions - also here
Background


Orangutan genome

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Orang-utans join the genome gang
  2. January 26, 2011 - Orangutan Genome Full of Surprises
  3. January 26, 2011 - Orangutan Genome Decoded
  4. January 26, 2011 - Orangutans share 97% of genes with humans
  5. January 26, 2011 - Gene study shows way to help save orangutans
  6. January 26, 2011 - Orangutan DNA more diverse than human's, remarkably stable through the ages
  7. January 26, 2011 - Genetic archaeology finds parts of our genome more closely related to orangutans than chimps
  8. January 26, 2011 - Scientists Determine What Makes an Orangutan an Orangutan
  9. January 26, 2011 - Tiny orang-utan populations are surprisingly diverse
  10. January 27, 2011 - Orangutan Genome: The Orange Apes Evolved at Their Own Quirky Pace
  11. January 27, 2011 - Orangutans' sequenced genome revealed
Background


Gene imprinting

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Dad's genes affect dominance
  2. January 26, 2011 - Ma's gene does different things to pa's copy
  3. January 27, 2011 - Gene discovery shows parents divided over brain and brawn
Background


DNA molecular structure

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - DNA caught rock 'n rollin' - also here
  2. January 28, 2011 - Stretchy DNA shows off its elastic qualities
Background


Serpin proteins

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Biochemists discover how a ‘molecular slingshot’ disrupts key proteins
Background


Horizontal gene transfer and protein evolution

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Horizontal gene transfer accounts for the majority of prokaryotic protein evolution
  2. January 27, 2011 - Gene 'relocation' key to most evolutionary change in bacteria
Background, Background, Background


Immune system aging

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Researchers discover way to reverse immune system aging
Background, Background


HDL cholesterol receptor

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Function of the human receptor for 'good' HDL cholesterol unmasked
Background, Background


Catch-up growth

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - 'Catch-up' growth signals revealed
Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Female lizard turns the table: Why exaggerated coloration makes her a good mate
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - Humans Would Beat Neanderthals in Marathon
  2. February 3, 2011 - You'd beat a Neanderthal in a race
  3. February 3, 2011 - Running past Neandertals - also here
  4. February 4, 2011 - Study: Humans Could Outrun Neanderthals
  5. February 7, 2011 - Early humans won at running; Neandertals won at walking
Background


Cell reprogramming

References:
  1. January 30, 2011 - Biologists grow beating heart cells from mice cells
  2. January 31, 2011 - Scientists convert skin cells to beating heart cells
  3. February 1, 2011 - New method transforms skin cells into beating cardiac cells
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Correlation of word length and information content

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - How words get the message across
  2. January 25, 2011 - Linguists to re-think reason for short words
  3. February 10, 2011 - What determines the length of words? MIT researchers say they know
Background


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Sleep makes the memory - also here
  2. January 24, 2011 - Memories take hold better during sleep
  3. January 24, 2011 - Sleep best time to reinforce memory
  4. January 24, 2011 - Memories take hold better during sleep: study
  5. January 25, 2011 - Recalling memories while asleep helps lock them in place
Background, Background


Activity in neuronal networks

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - How fast neuronal networks delete sensory information
Background


Acquisition of fear during infancy

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - People aren't born afraid of spiders and snakes: Fear is quickly learned during infancy
Background


Depression

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Pioneering treatment could help people with severe depression
  2. January 25, 2011 - Why older people are less astute drivers and how the answer could help us understand depression
  3. January 26, 2011 - Molecular mechanism links stress with predisposition for depression
Background


Psychopathy

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - A psychopath lacks empathy just like a person with frontal head injury
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Research may lead to treatment of a variety of mental disorders
  2. January 26, 2011 - Transsexual differences caught on brain scan
  3. January 28, 2011 - Technique stimulates brain cells, reveals how those neurons influence the rest
Background


IGF-II and memory

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Protein hormone boosts memory
  2. January 26, 2011 - Growth Hormone Also a Memory Booster
  3. January 26, 2011 - Little-known growth factor enhances memory, prevents forgetting in rats
  4. January 27, 2011 - The Insulin-Like Hormone That Gives Rats a Memory Boost
  5. January 27, 2011 - Protein Is Found to Boost Memory
Background


Circadian rhythm

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - New circadian timer?
  2. January 26, 2011 - Ancient body clock discovered that helps to keep all living things on time
  3. January 26, 2011 - Study of Cell 'Clocks' Looks at What Makes Us Tick - also here
  4. January 27, 2011 - The little clock in our blood cells keeps perfect time
  5. January 31, 2011 - Your body's clock can cycle without genes
Background


Human brain connectome

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Study shows map of brain connectivity changes during development
Background


Calcium channels and neuronal excitability

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Neuroscientists learn how channels fine-tune neuronal excitability
Background


Dietary fat and depression

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Eating poorly can make us depressed
  2. January 30, 2011 - Diets Low in Omega-3 Linked to Depressive Behavior in Mice
  3. January 30, 2011 - A deficiency of dietary omega-3 may explain depressive behaviors
Background, Background


Nodes of Ranvier

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Membrane molecule keeps nerve impulses hopping
Background


Universal intelligence measurement

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - On the hunt for universal intelligence - also here
Background


Erk and myelination

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Scientists link protein to the insulation of the nervous system's wiring
Background


Transcranial magnetic stimulation and learning

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - Learn more quickly by transcranial magnetic brain stimulation
Background


Mathematical modeling of visual information processing

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - New mathematical model of brain information processing predicts some of vision peculiarities
Background, Background


Nicotine addiction

References:
  1. January 30, 2011 - Scientists reveal key mechanism governing nicotine addiction
Background


Nestin and neuromuscular synapse formation

References:
  1. January 30, 2011 - Researchers discover that stem cell marker regulates synapse formation
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Areva to begin US trial of cancer-fighting isotope
  2. January 24, 2011 - Anti-estrogen medication reduces risk of dying from lung cancer
  3. January 24, 2011 - Biomarker test shows promise for melanoma diagnosis
  4. January 24, 2011 - Smoking may be associated with increased risk of breast cancer: study
  5. January 25, 2011 - Hot flushes are linked with a significant reduction in breast cancer risk
  6. January 26, 2011 - Researcher studies rare type of breast cancer
  7. January 27, 2011 - Sprouts? Supplements? Team them up to boost broccoli's cancer-fighting power
  8. January 27, 2011 - Sanofi breast cancer drug fails to extend survival
  9. January 28, 2011 - Antibiotic offers potential for anti-cancer activity
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Blocking rogue gene could stop the spread of most cancers
  2. January 24, 2011 - Blocking a gene stops cancer cells spreading
  3. January 24, 2011 - Conversion of brain tumor cells into blood vessels thwarts treatment efforts
  4. January 25, 2011 - Molecular network influences development of chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  5. January 26, 2011 - Discovery of a biochemical basis for broccoli's cancer-fighting ability
  6. January 27, 2011 - Study reveals how fusion protein triggers cancer
Background


Synthetic antibodies

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Research into synthetic antibodies offers hope for new diagnostics
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. January 24, 2011 - Deep brain stimulation may help hard-to-control high blood pressure
  2. January 26, 2011 - Traffic noise increases the risk of having a stroke
  3. January 26, 2011 - Researchers identify mediator of blood pressure regulation in the liver
  4. January 27, 2011 - Altered gene protects some African-Americans from coronary artery disease
  5. January 27, 2011 - Gene protects U.S. blacks from heart disease: study
  6. January 28, 2011 - Scientists unlock the 'gates' on sudden cardiac death
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Human embryonic stem cells in culture created
  2. January 26, 2011 - Adult kidney stem cells found in fish
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Rising indoor winter temperatures linked to obesity?
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. January 25, 2011 - Caffeine energizes cells, boosting virus production for gene therapy applications
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Pneumonia drugs helped evolve a superbug - also here
  2. January 28, 2011 - New research traces evolutionary path of multidrug-resistant strep bacteria
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Researchers uncover potential 'cure' for type 1 diabetes
  2. January 28, 2011 - Researchers discover root cause of blood vessel damage in diabetes
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - New anti-HIV gene therapy makes T-cells resistant to HIV infection
  2. January 27, 2011 - Only some men should use AIDS drug for prevention
  3. January 27, 2011 - CDC Issues Interim Guidance on Using Gilead Pill to Prevent HIV
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Stimulating the brain's immune response may provide treatment for Alzheimer's disease
  2. January 26, 2011 - Course correction needed for Alzheimer's therapies, experts warn
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Growth-factor-containing nanoparticles accelerate healing of chronic wounds
  2. January 26, 2011 - Getting more anti-cancer medicine into the blood
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. January 26, 2011 - Study finds twenty percent of children with MS don't respond to first-line treatment
Background


Spinal cord repair

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Cancer drug aids cell regeneration after spinal cord injury
Background


Sirt3, reactive oxygen species, and cancer

References:
  1. January 27, 2011 - Protein related to aging holds breast cancer clues
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. January 28, 2011 - Plankton inspires creation of stealth armour for slow release microscopic drug vehicles
Background


Prions

References:
  1. January 30, 2011 - CJD diagnosis just got easier
  2. January 31, 2011 - New test targets 'mad cow' disease
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved