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Volume 10, Number 10
March 7, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Supersymmetry
Ammonia in the early atmosphere
Early galaxy clusters
Flaring in the supermassive black hole of M31
Global warming
Higgs boson
Solar flares
Time travel
Fano varieties
Sunspots
Active galaxies
Paleoclimatology
Spin-orbit coupling in atomic gases
NGC 247
James Webb Space Telescope
Tevatron
Cosmic rays
Planet formation
Extrasolar planets
Hyperon stars
M63
Star-forming regions
Supernovae
Spin coupling in multiferroic materials
Handedness of gravitons

Technology

Nanoscale laser
Photonic integrated circuits
Nanotechnology
Superconductivity
Microfluidics
Supercomputing
Multimode interference devices for photonic quantum circuits
Graphene
Atom lasers
Quantum computing
Spintronics
Memristors
MEMS tunable lasers

Life sciences

Alu exons in human genes
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Biophysics
Eye evolution
X-chromosome gene expression
FADD, apoptosis, and necrosis
Bacterial communication using nanotubes
Macrophages
FLIP, caspase-8, and apoptosis
P53, glucose regulation, and cancer
Speciation
Isothiocyanates and plant defenses against infection
Virophages and DNA transposons
Skin cell differentiation
Attenuation of gene expression
Bacterial RNA polymerase
Regulatory T cells
Cell surface receptors and the cytoskeleton

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain-imaging studies
Brain plasticity
Dopamine and binge eating
Genetics of binge drinking
Brain processing of simple linguistic phrases
Evolutionary advantage of copying behavior
Synaestheia
Lunar cycles
Heritability of altruistic behavior
Protein kinase Mζ and memory
Alpha waves and sleep
Heritability of brain network efficiency
GLP-1 and satiation
Bipolar disorder
Lactate and long-term memory formation
GABA and motor cortex plasticity
Cross-modal perception in dogs

Health and medicine

Gene therapy
Gene therapy for cancer
Avian flu
Neurodegenerative disease
Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Parkinson's disease
Gene therapy for AIDS
Health benefits of tomato consumption
Stem cells
Nanobiotechnology
AIDS
Happiness and longevity
Cancer biology
Dementia
Multiple sclerosis
Diabetes
MicroRNA and cancer



Physical sciences


Supersymmetry

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Beautiful theory collides with smashing particle data
Background


Ammonia in the early atmosphere

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Asteroids could have delivered ammonia to the early Earth
  2. February 28, 2011 - Meteorites may have delivered first ammonia for life on earth: new study
  3. February 28, 2011 - Meteorites 'could have carried nitrogen to Earth'
  4. March 1, 2011 - Ammonia-rich meteorite may explain life on Earth
  5. March 1, 2011 - Life elements came from outer space
  6. March 1, 2011 - Meteorite cargo could solve origin-of-life riddle
  7. March 2, 2011 - Discovery hints that meteorites seeded life on Earth
Background, Background


Early galaxy clusters

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Subaru telescope discovers a Rosetta Stone cluster of galaxies
Background


Flaring in the supermassive black hole of M31

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - The murmur of a monster
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Climate change causing demise of lodgepole pine in western North America
  2. March 1, 2011 - Global warming means more snowstorms: scientists
  3. March 2, 2011 - Researchers discover arctic blooms occurring earlier
  4. March 3, 2011 - Rising CO2 is causing plants to release less water to the atmosphere, researchers say - also here
  5. March 3, 2011 - Shrinking tundra, advancing forests: How the Arctic will look by century's end
  6. March 3, 2011 - Soot packs a punch on Tibetan Plateau's climate
  7. March 3, 2011 - Recovery mechanism for Arctic ice
  8. March 8, 2011 - Soot hastens snowmelt on Tibetan Plateau
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - LHC 'has two years to find Higgs'
  2. March 2, 2011 - LHC publishes first Higgs measurements
  3. March 2, 2011 - Meeting the Higgs hunters
  4. March 2, 2011 - LHC releases first Higgs search results
Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Monster solar eruption captured on camera
  2. March 4, 2011 - Solar Tsunami
Background


Time travel

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Time travel experiment demonstrates how to avoid the grandfather paradox
Background


Fano varieties

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Nature's building blocks brought to life
Background


Sunspots

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Researchers Crack the Mystery of the Missing Sunspots
  2. March 2, 2011 - Solar Mystery Solved - also here, here, here
  3. March 2, 2011 - The Mystery of the Absent Sunspots
  4. March 2, 2011 - New model explains how the Sun loses its spots
  5. March 2, 2011 - Sun's doldrums likely to last
  6. March 2, 2011 - Study Blames Plasma Flow for Spotless Sun
  7. March 2, 2011 - Mysterious Case of Missing Sunspots Solved
  8. March 3, 2011 - Shifting Solar Plasma Could Account for Sun's Recent Slumber
  9. March 3, 2011 - How the Sun loses its spots
  10. March 3, 2011 - How the Sun loses its spots
  11. March 4, 2011 - A New Take on the Spotless Sun
Background


Active galaxies

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Astronomers simulate real-time telescope as big as the world to study peculiar active galaxy
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - New interpretation of Antarctic ice cores
Background


Spin-orbit coupling in atomic gases

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Physicists demonstrate coveted 'spin-orbit coupling' in atomic gases
  2. March 3, 2011 - Ultracold atoms simulate spin-orbit coupling
Background, Background


NGC 247

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - The dusty disc of NGC 247
  2. March 2, 2011 - Dusty Spiral Galaxy Is Closer Than Once Thought
  3. March 2, 2011 - Clean view moves dusty galaxy closer
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Hot pixel mystery plagues delayed space telescope
Background


Tevatron

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Tevatron closure: There's life in the old dog yet
Background


Cosmic rays

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Supernovas alone don't account for fast-moving hydrogen and helium nuclei, a new study contends - also here
  2. March 3, 2011 - Cosmic Ray Theory Zapped by Discovery
  3. March 4, 2011 - PAMELA data challenge cosmic-ray theory
  4. March 28, 2011 - Precision measurement of cosmic-ray spectra
Background


Planet formation

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Oxygen isotope analysis tells of the wandering life of a dust grain 4.5 billion years ago
  2. March 3, 2011 - Oldest objects in solar system indicate a turbulent beginning
  3. March 3, 2011 - Meteorite Clue Opens Window into Solar System Evolution
  4. March 4, 2011 - Tiny grains record solar system's infancy
  5. March 21, 2011 - An ancient meteorite recorded its changing environment
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - New observations of the giant planet orbiting beta-Pictoris
  2. March 4, 2011 - Assumptions about exo-oceans
  3. March 4, 2011 - An Exoplanet with a Potassium-Rich Atmosphere
  4. March 5, 2011 - Kepler Finds Planets in Tight Dance
Background


Hyperon stars

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Hyperon stars
Background


M63

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Spitzer captures infrared rays from a sunflower
  2. March 4, 2011 - Rosy Sunflower
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Pulling the Trigger
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Exploring the magnetic personalities of stars
Background


Spin coupling in multiferroic materials

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Predicting when, how spins of electrons arrange in one-dimensional multiferroic materials
Background


Handedness of gravitons

References:
  1. March 5, 2011 - Gravity's bias for left may be writ in the sky
Background, Background



Technology


Nanoscale laser

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Scientists make single-mode laser out of a single nanowire
Background, Background


Photonic integrated circuits

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Team achieves one terabit per second data rate on a single integrated photonic chip
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Stretched rubber offers simpler method for assembling nanowires - also here
  2. March 4, 2011 - Laser pulses crystallize amorphous silicon, create nanostructured surface ideal for solar-cell applications
  3. March 4, 2011 - A molecular motor design breakthrough
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Hidden simplicity
  2. March 3, 2011 - Black holes: a model for superconductors? - also here, here
  3. March 4, 2011 - Magnetism shortly before pairing
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Particle assembly from fluids
  2. March 3, 2011 - Scientists create cell assembly line
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - San Diego Supercomputer Center Launches Trestles
  2. March 4, 2011 - Dawning 6000: China launches its first homemade supercomputer
Background


Multimode interference devices for photonic quantum circuits

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - New generation of optical integrated devices for future quantum computers - also here
Background, Background


Graphene

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Probing atomic chicken wire
  2. March 3, 2011 - Zinc peels back graphene layers
  3. March 3, 2011 - Graphene etching to usher in computing revolution
  4. March 4, 2011 - Researchers create single-atom lithography in graphene
Background


Atom lasers

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Scientists confirm cold atoms act like lasers
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - New experiment would use quantum effects to perform otherwise intractable calculations - also here
  2. March 2, 2011 - Fast tunable coupler could lead to better quantum computing models
  3. March 2, 2011 - Switching qubits with a terahertz source?
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Could the combination of general relativity and quantum mechanics lead to spintronics?
Background


Memristors

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - NYU-poly researchers create smarter circuits
  2. March 3, 2011 - Memristor Processor Solves Mazes
Background


MEMS tunable lasers

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Researchers develop tunable, low-cost laser device
Background, Background



Life sciences


Alu exons in human genes

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Team investigates function of 'junk DNA' in human genes - also here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Researchers first worldwide to generate pluripotent stem cells from horses
  2. March 2, 2011 - Mutations found in human induced pluripotent stem cells
  3. March 2, 2011 - Scientists discover genetic abnormalities after creation of stem cells
  4. March 3, 2011 - Scientists create neurons with symptoms of Parkinson's disease from patient's skin cells
  5. March 6, 2011 - Testing pluripotency
Background


Biophysics

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Are eccentric cells better scouts?
Background, Background


Eye evolution

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Eye evolution questioned
  2. March 1, 2011 - In a Marine Worm's Eyes, the Theory of Evolution
  3. March 2, 2011 - Scientists offer new insights into early eye evolution
Background


X-chromosome gene expression

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Scientists show how men amp up their X chromosome
  2. March 4, 2011 - Study may lead to greater understanding of human genome regulation
Background, Background


FADD, apoptosis, and necrosis

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Researchers unravel protein's elusive role in embryo and disease development
Background


Bacterial communication using nanotubes

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Research shows how bacteria communicate with each other
Background


Macrophages

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - How much can a cell uptake?
Background


FLIP, caspase-8, and apoptosis

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Protein identified that serves as a switch in a key pathway of programmed cell death
Background


P53, glucose regulation, and cancer

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Researchers find new role for cancer protein p53 - also here
Background, Background


Speciation

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Moths diversify without changing diet
Background


Isothiocyanates and plant defenses against infection

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - What is good for you is bad for infectious bacteria
Background


Virophages and DNA transposons

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - 'David and Goliath' viruses shed light on the origin of jumping genes
  2. March 4, 2011 - A virus so large it gets viruses
Background, Background


Skin cell differentiation

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Probing the cause of skin cell differentiation in mammals with new technique
Background


Attenuation of gene expression

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Novel mechanism for control of gene expression revealed
Background


Bacterial RNA polymerase

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Gene-reading enzyme, inhibitor protein interaction analysis provides surprising insights
Background, Background


Regulatory T cells

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - Newly identified cell population key to immune response
Background


Cell surface receptors and the cytoskeleton

References:
  1. March 6, 2011 - The connection between a cell's cytoskeleton and its surface receptors
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - How brains guesstimate
  2. February 28, 2011 - Certain parts of the brain activated in people who heard tailored health messages and quit smoking
  3. March 4, 2011 - Following the herd actually shifts your opinion
Background


Brain plasticity

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Parts of brain can switch functions: study - also here
  2. February 28, 2011 - When the mind's eye processes language
  3. February 28, 2011 - Blind People Use Visual Brain Region for Language - also here
  4. March 1, 2011 - Sight Gets Repurposed in Brains of the Blind
  5. March 1, 2011 - The visual cortex can learn to do speech and language
  6. March 1, 2011 - Visual Cortex Processes Language, Changes Understanding of Brain's Boundaries
  7. March 2, 2011 - Speech lights up visual cortex in blind
Background, Background, Background


Dopamine and binge eating

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Binge eaters' dopamine levels spike at sight, smell of food
Background


Genetics of binge drinking

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Study identifies genes associated with binge drinking
Background


Brain processing of simple linguistic phrases

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Researchers identify neural circuits used in processing basic linguistic phrases
Background


Evolutionary advantage of copying behavior

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - 'Stupid strategies' could be best for the genes
Background, Background


Synaestheia

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Ideas conjure up colour for swimming synaesthete
Background


Lunar cycles

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - An Unknown Ocean: The Other Rhythms of Life
Background


Heritability of altruistic behavior

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Natural selection makes some relatives selfish, others altruistic
Background


Protein kinase Mζ and memory

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Enzyme can strengthen memories
  2. March 3, 2011 - Enzyme revives long-term memories
  3. March 3, 2011 - Engineered Viruses Boost Memory Recall in Mice - also here
  4. March 4, 2011 - Enzyme enhances, erases long-term memories in rats
Background


Alpha waves and sleep

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Brain Waves Foretell Whether We'll Sleep Soundly
  2. March 3, 2011 - Brain rhythm predicts real-time sleep stability, may lead to more precise sleep medications
  3. March 4, 2011 - Alpha wave may affect sleep quality - also here
Background


Heritability of brain network efficiency

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Better brain wiring linked to family genes
  2. March 4, 2011 - Brain efficiency comes from parents
  3. March 11, 2011 - Brain cost-efficiency linked to family genes
Background


GLP-1 and satiation

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Potential mechanisms for future anti-obesity drugs identified
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Scientists identify susceptibility factor for bipolar disorder
Background


Lactate and long-term memory formation

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Researchers find new mechanism behind the formation and maintenance of long-term memories
Background


GABA and motor cortex plasticity

References:
  1. March 3, 2011 - Trouble with the latest dance move? GABA chemical messenger might be to blame
Background


Cross-modal perception in dogs

References:
  1. March 4, 2011 - How dogs make sense of size
Background



Health and medicine


Gene therapy

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Gene Therapy Dries Up Binge Drinking Rats
Background


Gene therapy for cancer

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Gene fuelled transporter causes breast cancer cells to self-destruct
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Does Bird Flu + Swine Flu = Superflu?
  2. February 28, 2011 - In Bird Flu-Swine Flu Hybrids, a Clue to What Makes a Super-Strain
Background


Neurodegenerative disease

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - New mechanism for dementia?
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - An Alzheimer's vaccine in a nasal spray
  2. February 28, 2011 - More evidence that Alzheimer's disease may be inherited from your mother
  3. March 3, 2011 - Study points to liver, not brain, as origin of Alzheimer's plaques
  4. March 4, 2011 - Boosting protein garbage disposal in brain cells protects mice from Alzheimer's disease
  5. March 4, 2011 - Lab-grown neurons might repair Alzheimer's brains
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Higher education lowers blood pressure
  2. February 28, 2011 - Sugar-sweetened drinks associated with higher blood pressure
  3. February 28, 2011 - Advanced degrees add up to lower blood pressure
  4. March 2, 2011 - Good gene type for cancer bad for stroke
  5. March 2, 2011 - Sugary drinks linked to high blood pressure
  6. March 2, 2011 - New hope for lowering cholesterol
  7. March 6, 2011 - International collaborative identifies 13 new heart-disease-associated gene sites
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Researcher creates patented personalized therapy that causes cancer cells to kill themselves
  2. February 28, 2011 - New discoveries offer first new hope in three decades for lethal pediatric brain tumor
  3. February 28, 2011 - Compound useful for studying birth defects may also have anti-tumor properties
  4. March 1, 2011 - Prostate cancer test is 'twice as good', say researchers
  5. March 1, 2011 - Cause of skin cancer that heals itself found
  6. March 1, 2011 - Study links vitamin D to lung cancer survival
  7. March 1, 2011 - Smoking increases risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women
  8. March 1, 2011 - Spontaneous smoking cessation may be an early symptom of lung cancer, research suggests
  9. March 1, 2011 - More tests needed for oesophageal cancer patients
  10. March 1, 2011 - New report says large proportion of colorectal cancer deaths could be prevented
  11. March 2, 2011 - Turmeric might be 'the right spice' to fight colon cancer
  12. March 2, 2011 - Blood protein in lung cancer could improve diagnosis and treatment
  13. March 2, 2011 - Smoking, couch-potato lifestyles boost cancer risks
  14. March 2, 2011 - Shift work may be associated with decreased risk of skin cancer
  15. March 2, 2011 - Cholesterol drug assessed for preventing colorectal cancer recurrence
  16. March 2, 2011 - Scientists target aggressive prostate cancer
  17. March 4, 2011 - Beating cancer with immune cells
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - New research raises hope for solving Parkinson's disease puzzle
  2. March 2, 2011 - Ibuprofen May Reduce the Risk of Parkinson's Disease
  3. March 2, 2011 - Ibuprofen may lower risk of Parkinson's disease
  4. March 2, 2011 - Ibuprofen may reduce risk of getting Parkinson's disease by a third
Background


Gene therapy for AIDS

References:
  1. February 28, 2011 - Gene therapy raises hope for a future AIDS cure - also here,
  2. March 1, 2011 - Targeted gene editing enters clinic
  3. March 1, 2011 - Gene Therapy Against HIV Not a Proven Cure, Experts Say
  4. March 3, 2011 - Gene Therapy for HIV Resistance Succeeds in Trials - But Hold the 'Cure' Talk
  5. March 3, 2011 - New AIDS Treatment Tinkers with Immune Cell Genes
  6. March 3, 2011 - Genetic treatment closes door on HIV
Background, Background


Health benefits of tomato consumption

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Health benefits of eating tomatoes emerge
Background, Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - How long do stem cells live?
  2. March 4, 2011 - Human stem cells transformed into key neurons lost in Alzheimer's
  3. March 6, 2011 - Scientists develop new test for 'pluripotent' stem cells
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Double strike to fight cancer
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - For first time, scientists show an HIV vaccine impacts the genetic makeup of the virus
Background


Happiness and longevity

References:
  1. March 1, 2011 - Study: Happiness improves health and lengthens life
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - How tumours resist chemotherapy
  2. March 3, 2011 - Cancer resistance mechanism found
  3. March 3, 2011 - In search of cancer's common ground: A next-generation view - also here
  4. March 3, 2011 - New clue to controlling skin regeneration -- as well as skin cancer
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Research suggests alcohol consumption helps stave off dementia
  2. March 4, 2011 - Study finds weight gain linked to dementia
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Merck says US rejects its MS drug
  2. March 3, 2011 - How sunlight may reduce the severity of multiple sclerosis
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Missing molecule raises diabetes risk in humans
  2. March 2, 2011 - Diabetes can take six years off your life by increasing risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, study says
  3. March 2, 2011 - Study: 50-year-old with diabetes dies 6 yrs sooner - also here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. March 2, 2011 - Researchers uncovering how ovarian cancer resists chemotherapy
Background, Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved