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Volume 10, Number 12
March 21, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Dark energy
Antimatter
Earthquakes
Murchison Widefield Array
Global warming
Gamma-ray emissions due to black hole capture of stars
Large Hadron Collider
Star-forming regions
Paleoclimatology
Dark matter
Higgs boson
Extrasolar planets
Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
Plate tectonics
Higgs physics and time travel
Possible CPT symmetry violation
Methane on Titan
Formation of supermassive black holes from 'quasi-stars'
Star mergers
Asteroseismology
Lower-dimensional physics
Spin and spacetime structure
Fermionic quantum gases
Top quark forward-backward asymmetry
Quantum theory
Solar flares

Technology

Advanced Internet
Reading optical memory with quantum light
Nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Data storage using magnetic vortices
Nanoplasmonics with metamaterials
Quantum information
Controlled fusion
Optical knots
Spintronics
Semiconductor lasers
Graphene
Ferroelectric digital memory
Slowing light in silicon
Single-photon light source
Microfluidics
Carbon nanofibers
Photovoltaics
Brain-computer interface
Laser wakefield accelerators
Metal-organic frameworks
Superconductivity

Life sciences

Early hominin use of fire
Bacterial stimulation of the immune system
Evolution of biodiversity
Phylogenetics of flies
Mathematics of cardiac action potential
Aging of the immune system
Escherichia coli pathogenicity
Social structure and human evolution
Evolution of multicellularity
Insulin switch
Adenosine receptor structure
Chaperonins and protein folding
Evolution and bet-hedging
Evidence of early life
Horizontal gene transfer in bacteria
Evolution rate and species survival
Campylobacter jejuni infection
Plant hybridization, chromosome doubling, and gene expression
Primate phylogeny
Systems biology
Acetylation and DNA maintenance
DNA superstructures
Metagenomics

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Serotonin and perception of personal relationships
Language variations in color terms
Brain-imaging studies
Plasticity of perceptual function
Bilingualism
Modularity of memory
Brain plasticity
Use of multiple neurotransmitters by neurons
Numerical concepts and language
Catecholamine receptors and decision-making in Caenorhabditis elegans
Long-term potentiation
Autism

Health and medicine

Cancer
Malaria
Vaccine adjuvants
MicroRNA, Notch, and cancer
Obesity
Cardiovascular disease
Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease
Alzheimer's disease
Drug delivery
Cancer vaccines
Stem cells
Antibiotic resistance
Tuberculosis
Nanobiotechnology
Diabetes
Prions
Cancer biology



Physical sciences


Dark energy

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - NASA's Hubble Rules Out One Alternative to Dark Energy - also here
  2. March 14, 2011 - NASA's Hubble Rules Out One Alternative to Dark Energy
  3. March 14, 2011 - NASA's Hubble Rules Out One Alternative to Dark Energy
  4. March 14, 2011 - NASA's Hubble Rules Out One Alternative to Dark Energy - also here
  5. March 14, 2011 - Baltimore astrophysicist strengthens 'dark energy' theory
  6. March 15, 2011 - Bizarre Dark Energy Theory Gets Boost From New Measurements
  7. March 15, 2011 - Dark energy: What Hubble says it ain't
  8. March 15, 2011 - Cosmic Bubble Theory Of Universe Expansion Ruled Out
  9. March 16, 2011 - New study gives dark energy a boost
  10. March 16, 2011 - Dark energy is not an illusion after all
  11. March 21, 2011 - Best-yet Value for Universe's Expansion
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Simple matter, complex antimatter, and added strangeness
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Japan Earthquake Not the "Big One"?
  2. March 14, 2011 - Japan's quake could bring on 'mega-quake'
  3. March 14, 2011 - Quake could alter Tokyo risk: experts
  4. March 14, 2011 - How the quake has moved Japan
  5. March 15, 2011 - Giant shock rattles ideas about quake behaviour
  6. March 15, 2011 - Comparing Earthquakes, Explained
  7. March 15, 2011 - Japan Earthquake Shortened Days, Increased Earth's Wobble
  8. March 15, 2011 - Japan quake may have shortened Earth days, moved axis
  9. March 15, 2011 - NASA: Japan quake shortened Earth's day, shifted axis
  10. March 15, 2011 - Tokyo Still At Risk From Earthquake Aftershock
  11. March 15, 2011 - Japan quake shifts Antarctic glacier
  12. March 15, 2011 - Friday's quake was not Tokyo's expected 'big one'
  13. March 16, 2011 - Japan quake location a surprise - also here
  14. March 16, 2011 - New findings on the developments of the earthquake disaster
  15. March 16, 2011 - Tokyo at risk from massive aftershock, expert says
  16. March 16, 2011 - The megaquake connection: Are huge earthquakes linked?
  17. March 16, 2011 - A measured disaster: Following quakes in fine detail
  18. March 17, 2011 - Quake shifted Japan away from Korea: scientists
  19. March 17, 2011 - Earthquakes happen because the Earth is alive
  20. March 17, 2011 - Quake map: Tokyo might escape massive aftershock
Background


Murchison Widefield Array

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - New telescope to seek first stars and galaxies
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Climate change's impact on Arctic regions by 2099: study - also here
  2. March 15, 2011 - Northern peatlands a misunderstood player in climate change
  3. March 16, 2011 - Could the Arctic be coming out of hibernation?
  4. March 18, 2011 - Scientists study record-breaking 2010 heatwave
Background


Gamma-ray emissions due to black hole capture of stars

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Star-hungry black hole could blow galactic 'bubbles'
  2. March 19, 2011 - Black hole's burps may blow bubbles around Milky Way
Background, Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - CERN particle collisions resume
  2. March 15, 2011 - CERN restarts search for cosmic origins
  3. March 15, 2011 - Speedy single top sighting at the LHC
Background


Higgs physics and time travel

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Large Hadron Collider could be world's first time machine
Background, Background, Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Arachnophobes beware: Hubble snaps close-up of the Tarantula
  2. March 15, 2011 - Leggy Tarantula Nebula in close-up
  3. March 16, 2011 - The drama of starbirth
  4. March 16, 2011 - Baby Stars Caught Spitting Up High-Speed Jets
  5. March 17, 2011 - New image reveals dramatic star-birth
  6. March 19, 2011 - Along Came a Spider
  7. March 19, 2011 - Stars Are Born
  8. March 21, 2011 - Tarantula Nebula's Cosmic Web a Thing of Beauty
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - West Antarctic ice sheet 'could be more stable than thought'
  2. March 16, 2011 - Ancient 'hyperthermals' a guide to anticipated climate changes
  3. March 16, 2011 - Scripps: Warming more common than thought
  4. March 18, 2011 - Rapid warming in Eocene shares features with glacial cycles
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - New grant uses the power of the masses to map dark matter in the galaxy
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Tevatron tightens its grip on the Higgs
  2. March 14, 2011 - Tevatron experiments report new Higgs search results - also here
  3. March 14, 2011 - New Higgs Limits From The Tevatron... New?
  4. March 14, 2011 - Tevatron experiments report new Higgs search results
  5. March 16, 2011 - LHC set to gain major ground in Higgs search
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Exoplanet may have metal-rich atmosphere
Background


Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - NASA Prepares Antimatter-Hunting Detector for Space Shuttle Launch
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Viscous Cycle: Quartz is Key to Plate Tectonics - also here
Background


Possible CPT symmetry violation

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - CPT Violation In The Top Quark Mass ?
Background, Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Long-Awaited Titan Rains Arrive
  2. March 17, 2011 - Seasonal Methane Rain Discovered on Titan
  3. March 17, 2011 - What do April showers on Titan bring?
  4. March 17, 2011 - Spring Rains Darken Saturn's Moon Titan
  5. March 17, 2011 - Cassini sees seasonal methane rains transform Titan's surface
  6. March 17, 2011 - On Saturn's Moon Titan, Methane Rains on the Desert
  7. March 18, 2011 - Weather Report From Titan: It's Raining Methane
  8. March 18, 2011 - It's raining methane on Titan
Background


Formation of supermassive black holes from 'quasi-stars'

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Giant 'quasi-stars' spawned early black holes
Background, Background


Star mergers

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Two stars caught fusing into one
Background


Asteroseismology

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Kepler probes inside swollen red giant
  2. March 18, 2011 - Astronomers detect echoes from the depth of a red giant star
Background


Lower-dimensional physics

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Physicists investigate lower dimensions of the universe
  2. March 22, 2011 - Laser Space Telescope Could Test for Vanishing Dimensions
Background


Spin and spacetime structure

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Is space like a chessboard?
Background, Background


Fermionic quantum gases

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - An icy gaze into the Big Bang
Background


Top quark forward-backward asymmetry

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Interesting effect at the Tevatron hints at new physics
  2. March 23, 2011 - Tevatron: top quarks may indicate new particle, need for new physics
Background


Quantum theory

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Position measurements and quantum reality
  2. March 28, 2011 - New fundamental limitation restricts position accuracy of quantum objects
Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. March 19, 2011 - Stormy Sun
Background



Technology


Advanced Internet

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Internet2 ramps up to 8.8Tbps
Background


Reading optical memory with quantum light

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Using quantum methods to read classical memories offers surprising advantages
  2. March 16, 2011 - Reading discs with fewer photons
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Nanorods could greatly improve visual display of information
  2. March 15, 2011 - Method for making nanowells drawn from a misunderstanding
  3. March 15, 2011 - Using light to build nanoparticles into superstructures
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Research offers new desalination process using carbon nanotubes - also here
Background


Data storage using magnetic vortices

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Mini disks for data storage: Slanted edges favor tiny magnetic vortices - also here
Background


Nanoplasmonics with metamaterials

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Researchers slow broadband light waves with nanoplasmonic structures
Background, Background


Quantum information

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Entangled in a dating game
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Physicists demonstrate conditions for laser-driven fusion
Background


Optical knots

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Tying the knot with computer-generated holograms: Winding optical path moves matter
  2. March 15, 2011 - NYU Physicists' Creation of Optical Knots Offers Potential Power Source
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Silicon spin transistors heat up and spins last longer - also here
  2. March 16, 2011 - Single spins flipped in optical lattice
  3. March 18, 2011 - Enhancing the magnetism
Background


Semiconductor lasers

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Miniature lasers could help launch new age of the Internet
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Researcher's graphene cloak protects bacteria
  2. March 16, 2011 - Physicists control light scattering in graphene
  3. March 23, 2011 - New graphene cloak to spy on bacteria
Background


Ferroelectric digital memory

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Fundamental discovery could lead to better memory chips - also here
Background


Slowing light in silicon

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Light Slows at the Nanoscale
Background, Background


Single-photon light source

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Physicists move closer to efficient single-photon sources
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - New blood analysis chip could lead to disease diagnosis in minutes
  2. March 18, 2011 - In the future, this self-powered chip could diagnose HIV and TB in minutes
  3. March 31, 2011 - With a drop of blood, detect HIV, tuberculosis and cancer
Background


Carbon nanofibers

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Study finds more efficient means of creating, arranging carbon nanofibers - also here
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - New technique enables much faster production of inexpensive solar cells
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Music is all in the mind - also here
  2. March 18, 2011 - Computer chips wired with nerve cells - also here
  3. March 22, 2011 - New science suggests we might soon be able to mix computers and neurons
  4. March 23, 2011 - Researchers find a new way to mix computers and neurons
  5. March 24, 2011 - Nerve Cells Reach Out and Touch Someone: Electronic Components
Background


Laser wakefield accelerators

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Simulating tomorrow's accelerators at near the speed of light
Background


Metal-organic frameworks

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - 'Seeding' the next generation of smart materials
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - NMR uncovers missing magnetic fluctuations
Background



Life sciences


Early hominin use of fire

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Neanderthals were nifty at controlling fire, according to CU-Boulder researcher - also here
  2. March 14, 2011 - Early Europeans unwarmed by fire
  3. March 14, 2011 - Humans' First Use of Fire May Not Be So Long Ago
  4. March 14, 2011 - Fire did not spark human colonisation of cold Europe
  5. March 14, 2011 - Study says use of fire relatively recent in Europe - also here
  6. March 14, 2011 - It Took Humans Many Chilly Millennia to Master Fire
  7. March 14, 2011 - When Did Europeans First Harness Fire?
  8. March 15, 2011 - Neanderthals penetrated into cold Europe without fire
  9. March 15, 2011 - Study reveals ancient Europeans' chilly lifestyle
  10. March 15, 2011 - Neanderthals penetrated into cold Europe without fire
Background


Bacterial stimulation of the immune system

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Friendly bacteria fight the flu
  2. March 14, 2011 - Antibiotics may make fighting flu harder
  3. March 14, 2011 - Commensal microbes in the gut may help combat the flu virus in the lungs
Background


Evolution of biodiversity

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Rock-paper-scissors tournaments explain ecological diversity
  2. March 16, 2011 - Rock-paper-scissors explains limitless biodiversity
Background


Phylogenetics of flies

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Researchers map 'fly tree of life'
  2. March 23, 2011 - Identifying the origin of the fly - also here
Background


Mathematics of cardiac action potential

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Taking mathematics to heart
Background


Aging of the immune system

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Study provides insight into aging immune systems
Background, Background


Escherichia coli pathogenicity

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Study helps explain how pathogenic E. coli bacterium causes illness
Background


Social structure and human evolution

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Supremacy of a Social Network
Background


Evolution of multicellularity

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - From Single Cells, a Vast Kingdom Arose
Background


Insulin switch

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Insulin-releasing switch discovered
Background


Adenosine receptor structure

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Finding of long-sought drug target structure may expedite drug discovery
Background


Chaperonins and protein folding

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Unprecedented view of protein folding may help develop brain disease therapies
Background


Evolution and bet-hedging

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Bet-hedging 'key to natural selection'
Background


Evidence of early life

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Research overturns oldest evidence of life on Earth
  2. March 18, 2011 - New study finds apex fossils aren't life
  3. March 24, 2011 - Most Ancient Fossils Aren't Life, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Horizontal gene transfer in bacteria

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - New study pinpoints why some microbial genes are more promiscuous than others
Background


Evolution rate and species survival

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Slow evolvers win in the end
  2. March 17, 2011 - In evolution, last really can be first
  3. March 17, 2011 - Evolvability, observed
  4. March 17, 2011 - Steady beats flashy in evolution death match
  5. March 18, 2011 - Slower evolving bacteria win in the end
  6. March 21, 2011 - Tortoise and Hare, in a Laboratory Flask
  7. March 22, 2011 - In the race of life, better an adaptable tortoise than a fit hare
  8. March 24, 2011 - Some outcomes of the evolutionary race buck conventional wisdom - also here
Background


Campylobacter jejuni infection

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Researchers uncover gastro's sugary secret
Background


Plant hybridization, chromosome doubling, and gene expression

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - New plant species gives insights into evolution - also here
Background, Background


Primate phylogeny

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - A new evolutionary history of primates
Background


Systems biology

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Scientists take a look at systems biology and cellular networking
Background


Acetylation and DNA maintenance

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Scientists find a key to maintaining our DNA
Background


DNA superstructures

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Large-Scale DNA Patterns
Background


Metagenomics

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Biology's 'dark matter' hints at fourth domain of life
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Serotonin and perception of personal relationships

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Judging couples' chemistry influenced by serotonin
Background


Language variations in color terms

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Bilinguals See the World in a Different Way, Study Suggests
  2. March 15, 2011 - Bilinguals get the blues
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Why Henry Higgins could tell his barrow girl from his fair lady
Background


Plasticity of perceptual function

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Neuropsychologist proves that some blind people 'see' with their ears
Background


Bilingualism

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Bilingualism Is Like A Mental Gymnasium For The Brain
Background


Modularity of memory

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Memory may be built with standard building blocks
Background


Brain plasticity

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Researchers gain new insight into the brain's ability to reorganize itself - also here
Background


Use of multiple neurotransmitters by neurons

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - 'Bilingual' neurons may reveal the secrets of brain disease
Background


Numerical concepts and language

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Numerical Concepts And Language May Be Linked
Background, Background


Catecholamine receptors and decision-making in Caenorhabditis elegans

References:
  1. March 19, 2011 - Nematode study identifies a gene for staying or going
Background


Long-term potentiation

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - Major clue in long-term memory making discovered
Background


Autism

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - Protein found in brain cells may be key to autism
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Combining two peptide inhibitors might block tumor growth
  2. March 14, 2011 - Taking tamoxifen to prevent breast cancer can save lives and money
  3. March 14, 2011 - Heavy drinking associated with increased risk of death from pancreatic cancer
  4. March 14, 2011 - Pre-emptive drug could prevent breast cancer
  5. March 15, 2011 - The relationship between body mass index and age at hepatocellular carcinoma onset
  6. March 16, 2011 - Does selenium prevent cancer? It may depend on which form people take
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Natural compounds: the future of anti-malarial treatment
Background


Vaccine adjuvants

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Research may lead to new and improved vaccines
Background


MicroRNA, Notch, and cancer

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Study puts notch on the jagged edge of lung cancer metastasis
Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. March 14, 2011 - Antioxidants in pregnancy prevent obesity in animal offspring
  2. March 18, 2011 - Overweight? Get someone else's gut bacteria
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. March 15, 2011 - Inflammation behind heart valve disease
  2. March 16, 2011 - High blood pressure linked to steeper decline in walking speeds in seniors
Background


Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - First successful double-blind trial of gene therapy for advanced Parkinson's disease
  2. March 16, 2011 - Gene therapy reverses symptoms of Parkinson's disease
  3. March 16, 2011 - Study: Gene therapy improves Parkinson's symptoms - also here
  4. March 17, 2011 - Gene therapy offers hope for Parkinson's disease
  5. March 17, 2011 - Gene Therapy, Successful Against Parkinson's, Continues on the Road to Redemption
  6. March 17, 2011 - Gene Therapy May Help Reverse Parkinson's Symptoms
  7. March 17, 2011 - Gene-Therapy Trial Offers Parkinson's Patients New Hope
  8. March 17, 2011 - Gene therapy for Parkinson's passes the ultimate test
  9. March 17, 2011 - Gene Therapy Raises Hopes for Parkinson's Treatment
  10. March 23, 2011 - Gene therapy for Parkinson's advances
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - Molecule that spurs cell's recycling center may help Alzheimer's patients
  2. March 17, 2011 - Scientists ID possible biomarker to gauge Alzheimer's prognosis, effect of therapies
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. March 16, 2011 - World first -- Localized delivery of an anti-cancer drug by remote-controlled microcarriers
  2. March 20, 2011 - Breakthrough in delivering drugs to the brain
  3. March 21, 2011 - New method delivers Alzheimer's drug to the brain
Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Personlized dendritic cell vaccine increases survival in patients with deadly brain cancer
Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. March 17, 2011 - Stem Cell Therapy Shrinks Enlarged Hearts
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Economics and evolution help scientists identify new strategy to control antibiotic resistance
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. March 18, 2011 - Scientists find candidate for new TB vaccine
  2. March 18, 2011 - Tuberculosis vaccine target found
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - Researchers create organic nanoparticle that uses sound and heat to find, treat tumors
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - Metabolite levels may be able to improve diabetes risk prediction
Background


Prions

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - Mutant prions help cells foil harmful protein misfolding
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. March 20, 2011 - "Large Spectrum" Cancer Suppressor Gene Discovered
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved