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Volume 10, Number 16
April 18, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Massive distant galaxy cluster
Neutrino astronomy, gamma-ray bursts, and high-energy cosmic rays
Plate tectonics
Visualization of space-time warping
Planet system formation
Antimatter
Galaxies in the very early universe
Big bang simulation with metamaterials
Sea level rise due to ice melt
Fermi paradox
Global warming
Simulation of astrophysical jets
James Webb Space Telescope
Greenhouse gases
Galaxy evolution
Dark matter
Possibility of life inside black holes
Antimatter gravity
Asteroseismology
Star-forming regions
Quantum superposition
Bouncing ultracold gas
Earthquakes
Dark flow
Massive stars
Pulsars
Oceans and climate
Gamma-ray bursts
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
Solar activity
Coronal mass ejections
Extrasolar planets
Dark energy

Technology

Quantum jumps in superconducting artificial atoms
Quantum computing
Supercomputing
Graphene
Magnetic effects of light and terahertz emissions
Robotic science
Optical parametric oscillators
Graphene and spintronics
DNA nanotechnology
Photovoltaics
Nanoplasmonic slowing of light
Superconductivity
Rapid magnetic reversal
Spintronics
Quantum simulation of magnetism in an optical lattice
Optically-induced charge separation
Microfluidics
Bose-Einstein condensates
Hydrogen production
Teleportation of quantum information
Ion space propulsion
Fuel cells
Nanotechnology
One-way light

Life sciences

Directed evolution of biomolecules
Ancient enzymes and the environment of early life
Convergent evolution
Stromatolites
Freshwater eukaryotic life
Peppered moth evolution
DHEAS and diseases related to aging
Protein-protein interaction networks
Blood vessel simulation
DNA methylation
Flap endonuclease structure
Insertion of membrane proteins

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Task-switching in the brain
Brain size and cognitive ability in wasps
Antidepressants and neurogenesis
Alcohol, dopamine, and learning
Fluoxetine, disinhibition, and brain plasticity
Hormones and circadian rhythm
Atlas of gene expression in the human brain
Alcoholism, impulsive behavior, and the insula
Schizophrenia
Evolution of language structure
Brain-imaging studies
Long-term memory formation
Autism
Phoneme diversity and human migration
Serotonin and judgments about others' personal relationships
Brain activity during sleep
Astrocytes and circadian rhythm
MicroRNA and panic disorder

Health and medicine

Antibiotics
Cancer biology
Antibiotic resistance
Weight loss drugs
Cancer stem cells
Health benefits of apple consumption
Antimicrobials produced by bacteria
Obesity
Cardiovascular disease
Weight loss and memory function
Cancer
Diabetes
Interleukin-25 and cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Inflammation and cognitive impairment
Air pollution and inflammation
Gene therapy
AIDS
Dementia
Nanobiotechnology for wound healing
Blood vessel regeneration



Physical sciences


Massive distant galaxy cluster

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - The most massive distant object known - also here
Background


Neutrino astronomy, gamma-ray bursts, and high-energy cosmic rays

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Surprise: No neutrinos seen from gamma-ray bursts
  2. April 13, 2011 - South Pole Neutrino Detector Comes Up Empty
  3. April 15, 2011 - IceCube researchers come up empty on first neutrino test
Background, Background, Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Earth's crust moves 'like a yo-yo'
  2. April 12, 2011 - Europe may be slowly disappearing under Africa: research
  3. April 13, 2011 - Monsoons are spinning the Earth's plates
  4. April 13, 2011 - Monsoons spinning the Earth's plates: study
  5. April 14, 2011 - Scientists Find First Evidence That Weather Affects Movement of Tectonic Plates
  6. April 19, 2011 - Europe Starting to Dive Under Africa?
Background


Visualization of space-time warping

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Physicists Discover New Way to Visualize Warped Space and Time - also here, here, here
  2. April 13, 2011 - Space-Time Around Black Holes Visualized
  3. April 13, 2011 - 'Tendex' lines help visualise black holes
Background


Planet system formation

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Our unlikely solar system
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - ALICE's wonderland reveals the heaviest antimatter ever observed
Background


Galaxies in the very early universe

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - First galaxies were born much earlier than expected - also here
  2. April 13, 2011 - First galaxies born much earlier than expected
  3. April 14, 2011 - Galactic Magnifying Glass
  4. April 14, 2011 - First Galaxies Born Sooner After Big Bang Than Thought
Background, Background


Big bang simulation with metamaterials

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Physicists Build Big Bang in a Box
  2. April 13, 2011 - Big Bang simulated in metamaterial shows time travel is impossible
  3. April 15, 2011 - Time travel nixed in metamaterial world
  4. April 27, 2011 - Time Travel Impossible, Mini "Big Bang" Hints
Background, Background


Sea level rise due to ice melt

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Ice melt a weighty problem: expert
Background, Background


Fermi paradox

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - New explanation postulated for Fermi paradox
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Europe faces drought and flood burden: climate scientist
  2. April 14, 2011 - Climate change from black carbon depends on altitude
Background


Simulation of astrophysical jets

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Space jets in a bottle
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - First full set of Webb telescope flight mirrors begin final tests
  2. April 13, 2011 - Two kinds of Webb telescope mirrors arrive at NASA Goddard
  3. April 15, 2011 - NASA's next generation space telescope marks key milestone
Background


Greenhouse gases

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Greenhouse gases from forest soils
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Do spiral galaxies form from the inside out?
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Dark Matter? Keep Looking
  2. April 13, 2011 - XENON100 fails to find dark matter - also here
  3. April 13, 2011 - Particle Hunt Nets Almost Nothing; the Hunters Are Almost Thrilled
  4. April 14, 2011 - Search for Dark Matter Narrowed by New Data From XENON100 - also here
  5. April 14, 2011 - Dark matter no-show confronts supersymmetry
  6. April 14, 2011 - New data from XENON100 narrows the possible range for dark matter
  7. April 14, 2011 - WIMP no-show casts a shadow over dark matter
  8. April 14, 2011 - Dark matter no-show at sensitive underground lab
  9. April 15, 2011 - Search for dark matter moves one step closer to detecting elusive particle
  10. April 19, 2011 - New limit on putative dark-matter particle
Background


Possibility of life inside black holes

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Life may exist inside black holes
  2. April 13, 2011 - Russian cosmologist suggests life could exist inside a black hole
  3. April 14, 2011 - Life beyond event horizon possible
  4. April 20, 2011 - Mapping orbits within black holes
Background


Antimatter gravity

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Antimatter gravity could explain Universe's expansion
  2. April 18, 2011 - Antigravity could replace dark energy as cause of Universe's expansion
Background


Asteroseismology

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - NASA's Kepler reaches into the stars
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Herschel links star formation to sonic booms - also here
  2. April 14, 2011 - Fiery Loops
  3. April 14, 2011 - Space Dragon
  4. April 14, 2011 - Seeds of Future Stars
  5. April 15, 2011 - Sonic Booms May Shape Cosmic Strings
  6. April 15, 2011 - Rho Ophiuchi
Background


Quantum superposition

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Physicists create a quantum mirror image
Background


Bouncing ultracold gas

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - The bouncing gas - also here, here
  2. April 20, 2011 - Colliding atom clouds bounce like billiard balls
  3. May 12, 2011 - Clouds of atoms act like bouncing balls
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Are larger earthquakes a sign of the times?
  2. April 14, 2011 - Series of big quakes mean more on the way?
  3. April 15, 2011 - Japan tremor may be part of a second grouping of great quakes
  4. April 18, 2011 - Is the Planet in a Period of 'Megaquakes,' or Just a String of Bad Luck?
Background


Dark flow

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Another universe tugging on ours? Maybe not, researchers say
Background


Massive stars

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Hunting for the Milky Way's heaviest stars
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - LOFAR takes the pulse of the radio sky
Background


Oceans and climate

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Ocean front is energetic contributor to mixing
Background, Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Anatomy of a short gamma ray burst
Background


Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - WISE delivers millions of galaxies, stars, asteroids
  2. April 15, 2011 - WISE Up: Space Photos from NASA's Sky-Mapping Telescope
  3. April 15, 2011 - NASA Photos Bring Millions of Galaxies and Asteroids Down to Earth
  4. April 22, 2011 - WISE peers deep into space
Background, Background


Solar activity

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Solar activity heats up
  2. April 15, 2011 - Sun's Storm Season Finally Heating Up
Background


Coronal mass ejections

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Scientists discover mechanism that could feed solar explosions
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Citizen Scientists Help Find Alien Planets
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. April 16, 2011 - Dark Energy Camera ready for shipping to Chile
Background



Technology


Quantum jumps in superconducting artificial atoms

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Scientists view a quantum jump in real time
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Reading a single spin in silicon
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - New supercomputer propels bid for giant telescope
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - UMD Scientists Make Magnetic New Graphene Discovery - also here
  2. April 14, 2011 - Scientists make magnetic new graphene discovery
  3. April 14, 2011 - Flowing electrons magnetize graphene
Background


Magnetic effects of light and terahertz emissions

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Solar power without solar cells: A hidden magnetic effect of light could make it possible - also here, here
Background, Background


Robotic science

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Developer of Robot Scientist Wants to Standardize Science
Background


Optical parametric oscillators

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Badly drawn piechart makes an excellent laser-like light source
Background


Graphene and spintronics

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Graphene turns spin doctor
  2. April 14, 2011 - New spin on graphene
Background, Background


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - The world's smallest wedding rings
  2. April 14, 2011 - A Vase Made From DNA
  3. April 14, 2011 - New DNA nanoforms take shape - also here
  4. April 14, 2011 - DNA Origami Used to Create 3-D Nanostructures
  5. April 14, 2011 - DNA origami engineered on molecular scale
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - 'Quantum coaxial cable': Device proves solar cell potential of high bandgap inorganic nanowire arrays
  2. April 12, 2011 - Organic 2-D films could lead to better solar cells
  3. April 14, 2011 - New ways to harvest light with low-cost photovoltaic materials
  4. April 15, 2011 - Turning windows into powerplants - also here, here
Background


Nanoplasmonic slowing of light

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Rainbow-trapping scientist now strives to slow light waves even further
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - 'Giant Proximity Effect' enhances high-temperature superconductivity
  2. April 15, 2011 - Mercury-containing oxides offer new perspective on mechanism of superconductivity
Background


Rapid magnetic reversal

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Ultra-fast magnetic reversal observed
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Researchers advance toward hybrid spintronic computer chips
Background


Quantum simulation of magnetism in an optical lattice

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - The 'quantum magnet' - also here, here
  2. April 14, 2011 - Quantum magnet points to novel high-tech materials
  3. April 18, 2011 - Ultracold atoms simulate magnetic interactions
Background, Background


Optically-induced charge separation

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Solar power without solar cells: A hidden magnetic effect of light could make it possible
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Biosensors: A handy kit
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Spin-orbit coupling in an unexpected context
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - A chance discovery may revolutionize hydrogen production - also here, here
Background


Teleportation of quantum information

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Scientists teleport Schrödinger's cat
  2. April 15, 2011 - Quantum teleporter breakthrough
Background


Ion space propulsion

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - NASA's new ion engine ready for missions in space
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Putting a fuel cell 'in your pocket'
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Nanoscale Gutenberg-style printing
Background


One-way light

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - One-way Light
  2. April 19, 2011 - Scientists see the one-way light - also here
  3. May 3, 2011 - New theory shows one-way transmission materials should be possible for sound and light waves
Background



Life sciences


Directed evolution of biomolecules

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Viruses Show Promise for Creating Drugs By Doing What They Do Best: Evolving
Background


Ancient enzymes and the environment of early life

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Researchers resurrect ancient enzymes to reveal conditions of early life on Earth
Background


Convergent evolution

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Plants and predators pick same poison
  2. April 13, 2011 - Plants and caterpillars make the same cyanide
Background


Stromatolites

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Antarctic lake hides bizarre ecosystem - also here
Background


Freshwater eukaryotic life

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Old open air voyagers
  2. April 13, 2011 - Loch fossils show life harnessed sun and sex early on
  3. April 13, 2011 - Ancient lakes show when eukaryotic life left the sea
  4. April 15, 2011 - Tiny fossils put eukaryotic life in aquatic habitats a billion years ago
Background


Peppered moth evolution

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - The peppered moth's dark genetic past revealed
  2. April 14, 2011 - New light on moths gone soot-colored - also here
  3. April 14, 2011 - Textbook moth mutation located
  4. April 17, 2011 - Finding genetic changes behind moths' coloration
Background


DHEAS and diseases related to aging

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Genes that control 'aging' steroid identified
Background


Protein-protein interaction networks

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Comparing complex protein networks in cells could lead to new insights in biology
Background


Blood vessel simulation

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Blood vessel simulation probes secrets of brain
Background


DNA methylation

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Hopkins team discovers how DNA changes
Background


Flap endonuclease structure

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Study suggests enzyme crucial to DNA replication may provide potent anti-cancer drug target
Background


Insertion of membrane proteins

References:
  1. April 17, 2011 - Researchers get a first look at the mechanics of membrane proteins
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Task-switching in the brain

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - How Distractions Cause 'Senior Moments'
  2. April 11, 2011 - Study: Older brains less nimble at multi-tasking
  3. April 11, 2011 - Brain Scans Show How Multitasking Is Harder for Seniors
  4. April 11, 2011 - New study on multitasking reveals switching glitch in aging brain
  5. April 12, 2011 - Older brains less nimble at multi-tasking
  6. April 12, 2011 - Study: Older people worse at multitasking
Background


Brain size and cognitive ability in wasps

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Social wasps show how bigger brains provide complex cognition
Background


Antidepressants and neurogenesis

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Study reveals new target for antidepressants
  2. April 12, 2011 - New target for developing effective anti-depressants
  3. April 17, 2011 - How antidepressants boost growth of new brain cells
Background


Alcohol, dopamine, and learning

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Alcohol helps the brain remember, says new study
Background


Fluoxetine, disinhibition, and brain plasticity

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Disinhibition plus instruction improve brain plasticity
Background


Hormones and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Hormones tied to elderly sleep problems
Background


Atlas of gene expression in the human brain

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Allen Institute for Brain Science announces first comprehensive gene map of the human brain
  2. April 13, 2011 - Human brain atlas debuts
  3. April 13, 2011 - Atlas Gives Scientists New View of the Brain
  4. April 15, 2011 - World's biggest human brain map unveiled
Background


Alcoholism, impulsive behavior, and the insula

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Scientists explore new link between genetics, alcoholism and the brain
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Schizophrenia 'in a dish'
  2. April 13, 2011 - Schizophrenic Brain Cells Created in Lab
  3. April 13, 2011 - Patients' own cells yield new insights into the biology of schizophrenia
  4. April 14, 2011 - An Up-Close View of Schizophrenia
  5. April 14, 2011 - Cells in a dish 'replicate schizophrenia'
  6. April 14, 2011 - Filters that reduce 'brain clutter' identified
  7. April 15, 2011 - Schizophrenic brain cells created in the lab
  8. April 16, 2011 - Schizophrenia in a Dish? Skin Cells Reprogrammed as Neurons Model the Disease
Background


Evolution of language structure

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Are languages shaped by culture or cognition?
  2. April 13, 2011 - Evolutionary analysis shows languages obey few ordering rules
  3. April 14, 2011 - Evolution of Language Takes Unexpected Turn
  4. April 14, 2011 - Language rules 'stay in the family'
  5. April 14, 2011 - Historical context guides language development
  6. April 14, 2011 - Is culture or cognition really responsible for language structure?
  7. April 15, 2011 - Is Grammar More Cultural Than Universal? Study Challenges Chomsky's Theory
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Your flaws are my pain
  2. April 14, 2011 - UCSF team describes neurological basis for embarrassment - also here
  3. April 14, 2011 - Karaoke Reveals A Neurological Basis For Embarrassment
  4. April 15, 2011 - Researchers link alcohol-dependence impulsivity to brain anomalies
Background


Long-term memory formation

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Scientists identify mechanism of long-term memory
Background


Autism

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Why does brain development diverge from normal in autism spectrum disorders?
Background


Phoneme diversity and human migration

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Language May Have Helped Early Humans Spread Out of Africa
  2. April 14, 2011 - Phonetic Clues Hint Language Is Africa-Born
  3. April 14, 2011 - Evolutionary Babel was in southern Africa
  4. April 15, 2011 - Clever Study Uses Genetics Trick to Trace Language Back to Its Very Beginning, in Africa
  5. April 15, 2011 - The Mother of All Languages
  6. April 15, 2011 - Human language spread from African origin
  7. April 15, 2011 - All languages may originate from Africa: study
  8. April 15, 2011 - Africa birthplace of human language
Background, Background


Serotonin and judgments about others' personal relationships

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Serotonin: A critical chemical for human intimacy and romance
Background


Brain activity during sleep

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Study finds brain regions go offline at different intervals
Background


Astrocytes and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Rising star of brain found to regulate circadian rhythms
Background


MicroRNA and panic disorder

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Molecular switch affects panic disorder
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Antibiotics

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Overcoming resistance
  2. April 13, 2011 - Honey can reverse antibiotic resistance
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Scientists discover link between inflammation, pancreatic cancer
  2. April 11, 2011 - Mechanism for invasion of tumorous cells discovered
  3. April 14, 2011 - Chromatin and cancer
  4. April 15, 2011 - Researchers complete whole-exome sequencing of skin cancer
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Antibiotic resistance spreads rapidly between bacteria
  2. April 17, 2011 - Multi-drug resistant staph in 1 of 4 supermarket meat samples
Background


Weight loss drugs

References:
  1. April 11, 2011 - Experimental drug achieves unprecedented weight loss
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Scientists identify a surprising new source of cancer stem cells - also here
Background, Background


Health benefits of apple consumption

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - 'Apple a day' advice rooted in science
Background


Antimicrobials produced by bacteria

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Bacteria in wasp antennae produce antibiotic cocktails
Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Maternal stress during pregnancy may affect child's obesity
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Three new studies link eating red to a healthy heart
  2. April 13, 2011 - Short-term, high-fat consumption may be beneficial to the heart
Background


Weight loss and memory function

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Weight loss improves memory: research
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - FDA panel recommends two drugs for rare form of pancreatic cancer
  2. April 13, 2011 - Canola oil protects against colon cancer, study finds
  3. April 13, 2011 - Small molecules inhibit growth of human tumor cells
  4. April 13, 2011 - Anti-aging hormone Klotho inhibits renal fibrosis, cancer growth
  5. April 15, 2011 - Researchers unlock key to personalized cancer medicine using tumor metabolism
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 12, 2011 - Junk food 'inflammation' may trigger diabetes
Background


Interleukin-25 and cancer

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Body's immune protein fights breast cancer
  2. April 13, 2011 - Scientists find that normal breast cells help kill cancer cells
  3. April 13, 2011 - Healthy breast cells police for cancer
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Brain starts shrinking nearly a decade before Alzheimer's appears
  2. April 13, 2011 - Brain scans fuel hope of early Alzheimer's detection
Background


Inflammation and cognitive impairment

References:
  1. April 13, 2011 - Study links inflammation in brain to some memory decline
Background, Background


Air pollution and inflammation

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Polluted air leads to disease by promoting widespread inflammation
Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Genes from algae allow blind mice to see
  2. April 15, 2011 - Algae may be the solution to blindness
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 14, 2011 - Why 30 years of AIDS is only the tip of an iceberg
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. April 15, 2011 - Inability to detect sarcasm, lies may be early sign of dementia, study shows
Background, Background


Nanobiotechnology for wound healing

References:
  1. April 17, 2011 - Researchers inject nanofiber spheres carrying cells into wounds to grow tissue
Background, Background


Blood vessel regeneration

References:
  1. April 17, 2011 - Successful strategy developed to regenerate blood vessels
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved