Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 10, Number 26
June 27, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Sea level rise
Active galactic nuclei
Galaxy morphology
Global warming
Extrasolar planets
Magnetic moments of protons and antiprotons
Water on Mars
State of star production in galaxies
Binary star formation
Anyons
Stellar rotation
Galaxy hyperclusters
Dark matter in a galaxy cluster collision
Enceladus
X-rays in protostellar jets
Quantum reality
Superfluids
Cygnus X-1
Betelgeuse
Quark-gluon plasma
Early Solar nebula composition
Magellanic Clouds
Neutrino oscillations
Gamma rays from Terzan 5
Single-photon speed limit
Supernova remnants
Quantum effects without entanglement

Technology

Supercomputing
Nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Graphene
Computer vision
Conmputer language translation
Spintronics
Fuel cells
Polaritons and photonic circuits
Quantum entanglement of photons
Brain-like computing with phase-change materials
Topological superconductors
Atom-photon interactions
Bose-Einstein condensates
Quantum computing
Prosthetics
Controlled fusion
Optical quantum logic gate
Photovoltaics

Life sciences

Methylation of mitochondial genes
Survival of the weakest
Antisense RNA and neurological disorders
Evolution of mimicry
Artificial evolution of multicellularity in yeast
Homo erectus
Synthesis of polyphenols
Epigenetic indicator for aging
Bioinformatics
Stress-induced epigenetic inheritance
Immune system detection of double-strand RNA viruses
Vα10 NKT cells
Rejuvenation of yeast cells
Lysosomes, autophagasomes, and neurodegenerative disorders
Cell signaling and stem cell fate
B cell maturation
Bacterial antivirus defense
Sympatric speciation
Biofilms

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Lateralized memory storage
Emotion and memory
Autism
Logical reasoning in parrots
Attentional allocation
Prosocial behavior
Spontaneous prenatal neural activity and visual system development
Visual motion detection
Biomechanics of synaptic neurotransmission
Spatial memory
Human speech recognition
Sleep and memory consolidation
Oxytocin
Memory circuit development
Schizophrenia
CaMKII/NMDA receptor complex and memory
Stress, ghrelin, and appetite
Synaptic growth and sleep need
Sleep switch
Perceptual gain control
Avian song syntax

Health and medicine

Cardiovascular disease
Drug delivery
Nanobiotechnology
Cancer
Biofilms as cancer models
AIDS
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Alzheimer's disease
Hepatitis A
Multiple sclerosis
Obesity
Resveratrol
Stem cells
Diabetes
Food choice and weight change
Tuberculosis
Gene therapy
Parkinson's disease
Hepatitis C
Metabolic syndrome
Stem cells and cancer
Avian flu
Lupus
Genome editing and zinc-finger nucleases
Methylation abnormalities in cancer
Discovery of RNA-targeted therapeutics



Physical sciences


Sea level rise

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Modern-day sea level rise skyrocketing
  2. June 20, 2011 - Fastest sea-level rise in two millennia linked to increasing temperatures
  3. June 20, 2011 - Salt marsh sediments help gauge climate-change-induced sea level rise
  4. June 20, 2011 - Fastest Sea-Level Rise in Two Millennia Linked to Increasing Global Temperatures
  5. June 20, 2011 - Sea Levels Are Rising - And Temperature Is To Blame
  6. June 20, 2011 - Study details significant sea level rise - also here
Background, Background


Active galactic nuclei

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Dusting for supermassive black hole fingerprints
  2. June 21, 2011 - Universe's highest electric current found
Background


Galaxy morphology

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Most elliptical galaxies are 'like spirals' - also here
  2. June 23, 2011 - Spheroid galaxies are "spirals without spirals"
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Causes of melting tropical glaciers identified
  2. June 26, 2011 - Are Inaccurate Climate Models Making Us Feel Too Secure?
  3. June 26, 2011 - Ocean Currents Speed Melting of Antarctic Ice
  4. June 26, 2011 - Ocean currents hollow out glaciers from below
  5. June 27, 2011 - 55 million years of climate change
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Exomoons could be excellent incubators
  2. June 20, 2011 - Rocky, low-mass planet discovered by microlensing
  3. June 21, 2011 - Astronomers find evidence for a strange new planetary system
  4. June 22, 2011 - Does Life Exist on Distant Moons?
  5. June 23, 2011 - How to keep lonely exoplanets snug -- just add dark matter
Background


Magnetic moments of protons and antiprotons

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Not your usual NMR
  2. June 21, 2011 - Magnetic properties of a single proton directly observed for the first time - also here
  3. June 23, 2011 - Proton Somersault Study Could Explain Why Matter Still Exists
  4. June 29, 2011 - Flipping spins, one proton at a time
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Streamlined Islands Could Mean Ancient Oceans on Mars
Background


State of star production in galaxies

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Astronomers discover that galaxies are either asleep or awake
  2. July 5, 2011 - Some galaxies hit the snooze button
Background


Binary star formation

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Duo of big telescopes probes the depths of binary star formation
Background


Anyons

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Acrobatics for anyons: New test for elusive fundamental particle proposed
Background


Stellar rotation

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Slowing down stars
Background


Galaxy hyperclusters

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Largest cosmic structures 'too big' for theories
Background


Dark matter in a galaxy cluster collision

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Abell 2744: Pandora's Cluster Revealed
  2. June 22, 2011 - Galactic Smash-Up Shows Where Dark Matter Goes
  3. June 22, 2011 - A galactic crash investigation
  4. June 22, 2011 - Strange Galaxy Cluster Born From Huge Cosmic Crash
  5. June 22, 2011 - Opening Pandora's Cluster
  6. June 22, 2011 - Astronomers unveil Pandora's crash
  7. June 22, 2011 - Pandora's cluster spills its violent galactic secrets
  8. June 28, 2011 - Odd galaxy cluster born in huge cosmic crash
Technical papers:
  1. Creation of cosmic structure in the complex galaxy cluster merger Abell 2744
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Salty Plumes Point to Underground Ocean inside Saturn's Moon Enceladus
  2. June 22, 2011 - Strongest evidence yet indicates Enceladus hiding saltwater ocean
  3. June 22, 2011 - Icy Saturn Moon May Be Covering a Salty Sea
  4. June 22, 2011 - Saturn's moon Enceladus shows evidence of an ocean beneath its surface
  5. June 23, 2011 - Salty geysers of Saturn's moon Enceladus come from liquid water - also here
  6. June 23, 2011 - Salt water ocean on Enceladus
  7. June 23, 2011 - Saturn's moon may have salty, Earthlike ocean
  8. June 23, 2011 - Cassini tastes salty ocean at Enceladus
  9. June 23, 2011 - Icy spray from Saturn's moon Enceladus sampled by Cassini
  10. June 23, 2011 - Geysers reveal likely ocean on Saturn moon
Background


X-rays in protostellar jets

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - The X-Ray Puzzle of Protostellar Jets
Background


Quantum reality

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Quantum magic trick shows reality is what you make it
Background


Superfluids

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Modeling the bizarre: Quantum superfluids
Background


Cygnus X-1

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Cygnus X-1: Blue supergiant pairs with black hole
  2. June 28, 2011 - Famous black hole confirmed after 40 years
  3. July 2, 2011 - Famous black hole divulges its vital statistics
Background, Background


Betelgeuse

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - The flames of Betelgeuse: New image reveals vast nebula around famous supergiant star
  2. June 23, 2011 - Supergiant Star's Rainbow Nebula Revealed
  3. June 23, 2011 - Extensive nebula frames Betelgeuse
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Physicists map phase changes in quark-gluon plasma - also here, here
  2. June 23, 2011 - Quarks break free at two trillion degrees
  3. June 23, 2011 - Matter Melts in Superhot Particle Collisions
Background


Early Solar nebula composition

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system
  2. June 23, 2011 - Discovery Adds Mystery to Earth's Genesis
  3. June 27, 2011 - Solar wind sheds light on early solar system
  4. June 27, 2011 - Were the Sun and planets constructed differently?
  5. June 28, 2011 - Sun and planets formed from different ingredients
Background


Magellanic Clouds

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Nearby Galaxy Is a Stellar Thief
  2. July 19, 2011 - Neighbor galaxy caught stealing stars
  3. July 20, 2011 - Stellar thief's secret stash uncovered
  4. July 21, 2011 - Neighboring Galaxy Caught With Stolen Stars
Background


Neutrino oscillations

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Experiment catches shifty neutrinos
  2. June 24, 2011 - Fermilab experiment weighs in on neutrino mystery - also here, here
  3. June 24, 2011 - Fermilab experiment weighs in on neutrino mystery
  4. June 24, 2011 - More subatomic spot changing
  5. June 27, 2011 - Neutrino Transformation Could Help Explain Mystery of Matter - also here
  6. June 28, 2011 - MINOS confirms muon-to-electron neutrino oscillation
  7. June 29, 2011 - MINOS serves up more neutrino evidence
Background


Gamma rays from Terzan 5

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Gamma-ray emission from Terzan 5
Background


Single-photon speed limit

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Study finds single photons cannot exceed the speed of light
Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - X-ray illumination of supernova ejecta
Background


Quantum effects without entanglement

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - 'Quantum magic' without any 'spooky action at a distance'
Background



Technology


Supercomputing

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Japanese supercomputer becomes world's fastest
  2. June 20, 2011 - Japan's Supercomputer 'K' Is World's Most Powerful
  3. June 20, 2011 - Supercomputer with 68,000+ CPUs is world's fastest
  4. June 20, 2011 - Japan system crowned supercomputer champ as petaflop age emerges
  5. June 20, 2011 - Japanese 'K' Computer Is Ranked Most Powerful
  6. June 20, 2011 - Japan dethrones China for supercomputer crown
  7. June 20, 2011 - SGI, Intel plan to speed supercomputers 500 times by 2018
  8. June 21, 2011 - Supercomputer race: Japan's Fujitsu takes the lead
  9. June 22, 2011 - Universidad Politécnica de Madrid installs the most powerful supercomputer in Spain
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Self-assembling electronic nano-components
  2. June 23, 2011 - Physicists observe 'campfire effect' in blinking nanorod semiconductors
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Researchers identify cost-effective method for eliminating contaminants from carbon nanotubes
  2. June 22, 2011 - Researchers clarify properties of 'confined' water within single-walled carbon nanotube pores
  3. June 25, 2011 - Boil water in nanotubes to pop open drug containers
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Scientists find simple way to produce graphene - also here
  2. June 20, 2011 - Scientists Use Copycat Material to Unlock Secrets of Graphene
  3. June 23, 2011 - Team calculates the electronic transport properties of graphene stacks
  4. June 24, 2011 - STM of individual grains in CVD-grown graphene
Background


Computer vision

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Genius of Einstein, Fourier key to new humanlike computer vision
Background


Conmputer language translation

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Cracking the code of machine translation
Background, Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Putting a new spin on computing - also here
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Self-cleaning anodes could facilitate cost-effective coal-powered fuel cells
Background


Polaritons and photonic circuits

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Polariton coupling becomes stronger
Background


Quantum entanglement of photons

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Physicists break record for extreme quantum state
Background


Brain-like computing with phase-change materials

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Study brings brain-like computing a step closer to reality - also here
  2. June 28, 2011 - Memflector: Neuron-like computer component
Background


Topological superconductors

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Odd topological superconductor
Background, Background


Atom-photon interactions

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Atoms down the tube
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Repelling atoms reach quantum unison more easily
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - All-optical quantum computation, step 1: A controlled-NOT photonic gate
Background


Prosthetics

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - PossessedHand: Technology group develops device to move your fingers for you
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Plasma: The trouble with bubbles
Background


Optical quantum logic gate

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Optical circuit enables new approach to quantum technologies - also here
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. June 26, 2011 - Researchers crack full-spectrum solar challenge
Background



Life sciences


Methylation of mitochondial genes

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Discoveries in mitochondria open new field of cancer research - also here
Background


Survival of the weakest

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Bacteria develop restraint for survival in a rock-paper-scissors community
  2. June 21, 2011 - Evolving bacteria through a game of rock-paper-scissors - also here
Background


Antisense RNA and neurological disorders

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Non-coding RNA has role in inherited neurological disorder -- and maybe other brain diseases too - also here
Background, Background


Evolution of mimicry

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - A Cheap Imitation Is Sometimes Best
  2. June 23, 2011 - New study shows poor imitators in the animal world may have the last laugh
Background


Artificial evolution of multicellularity in yeast

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Multicellular life arises in a test tube
  2. June 23, 2011 - Lab yeast make evolutionary leap to multicellularity
  3. June 23, 2011 - Yeast Can Evolve into Multicellular Organisms in a Few Short Months
Background, Background


Homo erectus

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Brain Endocast of Nanjing 1 Homo erectus Reconstructed
Background


Synthesis of polyphenols

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Red wine's heart health chemical unlocked at last
Background


Epigenetic indicator for aging

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Scientists Accurately Predict Age With Saliva Sample - also here, here
  2. June 23, 2011 - Spit test predicts age
  3. June 24, 2011 - A Bit of Spit Could Reveal Your Biological Age - or Your Criminal Activity
Background, Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Computational software provides rapid identification of disease-causing gene variations
  2. June 23, 2011 - Molecular Biologist Uses Computer Science to Solve a Genetic Puzzle
Background


Stress-induced epigenetic inheritance

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Mechanism for stress-induced epigenetic inheritance uncovered in new study
Background


Immune system detection of double-strand RNA viruses

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Novel complex senses viral infection
Background


Vα10 NKT cells

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Australian scientists find new immune cell
Background


Rejuvenation of yeast cells

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Biologists discover how yeast cells reverse aging
Background


Lysosomes, autophagasomes, and neurodegenerative disorders

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Scientists find link between master gene and neurodegenerative disorders
Background, Background


Cell signaling and stem cell fate

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Singapore scientists discover how to control fate of stem cells
  2. June 25, 2011 - Stem Cell Miracle? New Therapies May Cure Chronic Conditions like Alzheimer's
Background, Background


B cell maturation

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Awaiting orders to retaliate
Background


Bacterial antivirus defense

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Researchers clarify bacterial resistance
Background


Sympatric speciation

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - The mechanics of speciation
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Key regulators for biofilm development discovered - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Lateralized memory storage

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Picower: 1 Skull + 2 Brains = 4 Objects in Mind - also here
  2. June 20, 2011 - Each Half of the Brain Has Its Own Memory Storage
  3. June 20, 2011 - Brain has two slots for working memory
Background


Emotion and memory

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Negative emotion may enhance memory, study finds
Background, Background


Autism

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Autism ascribed to parents' talent for system-oriented thinking
  2. June 20, 2011 - Diagnosed autism is more common in an IT-rich region
  3. June 20, 2011 - Childhood autism spikes in geek heartlands
  4. June 22, 2011 - Weaker brain 'sync' may be early sign of autism
  5. June 23, 2011 - Brain out of sync in toddlers with autism
Background


Logical reasoning in parrots

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Brainy Parrots Can Think Like 4-Year-Olds
  2. June 22, 2011 - Polly-math Parrots Add Sophisticated Reasoning to Their List of Clever Feats
  3. June 22, 2011 - Parrots join apes and Aristotle in the club of reason
Background


Attentional allocation

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - What do we pay attention to? - also here
Background


Prosocial behavior

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Why humans (and other primates) lend a helping hand
Background


Spontaneous prenatal neural activity and visual system development

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Sight requires exact pattern of neural activity to be wired in the womb
Background, Background


Visual motion detection

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Tracking down motion perception
Background


Biomechanics of synaptic neurotransmission

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Researchers clock the speed of brain signals
Background


Spatial memory

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Flies remember where to chill out
Background


Human speech recognition

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Researchers identify components of speech recognition pathway in humans
Background, Background


Sleep and memory consolidation

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Sleep on it
  2. June 23, 2011 - New studies confirm that 'sleeping on it' makes for better learning and memory
Background, Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - 'Trust Hormone' May Help Curb Symptoms of Devastating Disease
  2. June 24, 2011 - Oxytocin promises hope in Prader-Willi syndrome
Background


Memory circuit development

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Competition between brain cells spurs memory circuit development
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Study finds antidepressants may help in treating schizophrenia
Background


CaMKII/NMDA receptor complex and memory

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - In search of the memory molecule, a key protein complex discovered
  2. June 24, 2011 - Memory tied to a specific protein complex
Background


Stress, ghrelin, and appetite

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Ghrelin likely involved in why we choose 'comfort foods' when stressed
Background, Background


Synaptic growth and sleep need

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Even in fruit flies, enriched learning drives need for sleep
Background


Sleep switch

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Sleep switch found in fruit flies
  2. June 23, 2011 - Sleep on it
Background


Perceptual gain control

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Sound, vision & hearing loss
Background


Avian song syntax

References:
  1. June 26, 2011 - First evidence that birds tweet using grammar
  2. June 26, 2011 - Talking Cartoon Birds May Be More Realistic Than We Thought
  3. June 27, 2011 - Finches Tweet With Grammar and Scold Those That Don't
  4. June 27, 2011 - Finches tweet using grammar
  5. June 28, 2011 - Finches use their own form of grammar in their tweets
Background



Health and medicine


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Spying on a Silent Killer
  2. June 20, 2011 - Changes in one heart molecule lead to arrhythmia
  3. June 20, 2011 - Researchers pave the way for new treatment for heart failure
  4. June 23, 2011 - 'Good' cholesterol function as important as its levels
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Cellular capsules deliver drugs
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Nanoparticles disguised as red blood cells will deliver cancer-fighting drugs - also here
  2. June 22, 2011 - New family of gold-based nanoparticles could serve as biomedical 'testbed'
  3. June 22, 2011 - Gold nanoparticles help earlier diagnosis of liver cancer
  4. June 24, 2011 - Nanoparticles play at being red blood cells
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Molecular glue sticks it to cancer - also here
  2. June 20, 2011 - Latest cancer research unveiled
  3. June 21, 2011 - Broccoli nutrient targets cancer, leaves immune system intact
  4. June 21, 2011 - Smoking may increase risk of prostate cancer recurrence, death
  5. June 22, 2011 - 'Statins' for cancer could prevent many breast cancers
  6. June 23, 2011 - Slow growth of childhood brain tumors explained
  7. June 23, 2011 - Hereditary colon cancer syndrome marked by abnormally dense blood vessel growth in mouth
  8. June 24, 2011 - Online archive to link tumor scans, genetic data
  9. June 24, 2011 - Can topical skin gel shrink some breast cancer tumors?
  10. June 24, 2011 - Astronomers reach for the stars to discover new cancer therapy
  11. June 24, 2011 - New breast cancer risk model quantifies the impact of risk reduction
  12. June 24, 2011 - Breast cancer prostate drug hope
  13. June 25, 2011 - Some breast cancers could be treated with prostate cancer drugs
  14. June 29, 2011 - Prostate Drug for Breast Cancer?
Background


Biofilms as cancer models

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Do biofilms make for better cancer models?
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Sexually transmitted co-infections increase HIV risk: study
  2. June 21, 2011 - New study finds HIV Achilles Heel
  3. June 23, 2011 - Rutgers laboratory helped to create new HIV drug
  4. June 26, 2011 - Monkeys resist infection by closing gates that SIV, HIV use to get into cells
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Scientists find genes to beat MRSA defence system
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Natural Alzheimer's weapon suggests better treatment
  2. June 21, 2011 - Mystery ingredient in coffee boosts protection against Alzheimer's disease
  3. June 22, 2011 - New biomarker may help with early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
  4. June 23, 2011 - Breaking the chain: 'Molecular cap' blocks processes that lead to Alzheimer's, HIV - also here
  5. June 23, 2011 - A Better Test to Predict Alzheimer's?
Background


Hepatitis A

References:
  1. June 20, 2011 - Study finds how the immune system responds to hepatitis A virus
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Breakthrough in the search for new treatments for multiple sclerosis
  2. June 22, 2011 - Potential impact of cinnamon on multiple sclerosis studied
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - New study increases understanding of link between low birth weights and obesity later in life
  2. June 23, 2011 - Obese dieters' brain chemistry works against their weight-loss efforts
Background


Resveratrol

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - UF review of resveratrol studies confirms potential health boost
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Stem cell model offers clues to cause of inherited ALS
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. June 21, 2011 - Common rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis medications are associated with reduced diabetes risk
  2. June 21, 2011 - Intensive-dose statin therapy associated with increased risk of diabetes
  3. June 22, 2011 - Still hope for GAD diabetes vaccine
  4. June 23, 2011 - Weight loss surgery may cure diabetes in many cases
  5. June 24, 2011 - Diet reverses type 2 diabetes
  6. June 24, 2011 - Life expectancy for those with Type 1 diabetes improving, study says
  7. June 24, 2011 - Young people with type 1 diabetes at risk for heart disease
  8. June 26, 2011 - Promising results of Phase I diabetes trial announced
Background


Food choice and weight change

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Food choices matter in weight control
  2. June 22, 2011 - Changes in specific dietary factors may have big impact on long-term weight gain
  3. June 22, 2011 - Potatoes bad, nuts good for staying slim, Harvard study finds
  4. June 23, 2011 - TV and soda: small habits cause weight creep
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - TB trial highlights challenges with introducing new vaccine into childhood immunization schedule
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Study demonstrates potential of new gene vector to broaden treatment of eye diseases
  2. June 26, 2011 - Cut-and-paste therapy fixes mouse haemophilia
  3. June 27, 2011 - Gene Editing Treats Blood Disease
  4. June 27, 2011 - New gene therapy fixes mistakes
  5. June 27, 2011 - DNA-Snipping Enzymes Cure Hemophilia in Mice
  6. June 28, 2011 - Genome editing improves blood clotting in mice with hemophilia B
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Discovery offers molecular insights into link between Parkinson's and pesticides
  2. June 23, 2011 - Rare genetic disorder provides unique insight into Parkinson's disease
  3. June 24, 2011 - Lithium profoundly prevents brain damage associated with Parkinson's disease
  4. June 24, 2011 - 23andMe identifies two novel genetic associations and substantial genetic component for Parkinson's
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - New drug represents breakthrough in treatment of hepatitis C
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. June 22, 2011 - Dietary leucine may fight prediabetes, metabolic syndrome
  2. June 26, 2011 - Genetic study shows that low body fat may not lower risk for heart disease and diabetes
Background, Background, Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. June 23, 2011 - Leftover embryonic cells connect gastric reflux and cancer
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - Bird flu outbreak hits Dutch chicken farm
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. June 24, 2011 - New genetic risk factors of lupus found in study of African-American women
Background


Genome editing and zinc-finger nucleases

References:
  1. June 26, 2011 - Genome editing, a next step in genetic therapy, corrects hemophilia in animals
Background


Methylation abnormalities in cancer

References:
  1. June 26, 2011 - Cancer cells' universal 'dark matter' exposed
Background, Background


Discovery of RNA-targeted therapeutics

References:
  1. June 26, 2011 - Hitting moving RNA drug targets
Background, Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved