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Volume 10, Number 27
July 4, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Earthquakes
Paleoclimatology
Galaxy classification
Neutron stars
Global warming
Very early quasar
Macroscopic quantum states
Aerosols and climate
Mantle plumes
Kondo states and entanglement
Pulsars
Dark matter
Matter-antimatter asymmetry
Quantum graininess of space
Electron electric dipole moment
Galaxy cluster mass measurement
James Webb Space Telescope
Star-forming regions
Ocean circulation
Exobiology
Solar activity
Galaxy evolution
Water on Mars

Technology

Diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers and quantum information
Graphene
Nanotechnology
Hydrogen production
Photovoltaics
Quantum dots
Supercomputing
Metamaterials
E-beam lithography
Photon spatial entanglement in an optical fiber
Phase-change memory
Squeezed light
Optical switching using quantum dots
Spacecraft propulsion
Nanomagnetic circuits

Life sciences

Induced pluripotent stem cells
Antibody diversity and activation-induced dioxycitidine deaminase
Inheritance of stress
Protein synthesis
Homo erectus
NOD-like receptors
Evolutionary origins of compound eyes
Evolution of size changes
Mutation interaction in phenotype evolution
Mitosis and aurora enzymes
Thymine DNA glycosylase and demethylation
Bioinformatics
Immune response to retrovirus
Bacteriophages
Regulation of p53 DNA damage response
Genome-wide association studies
Active role of RNA in protein synthesis
Age-related vulnerability of H3K4 methylation
Mediator transcription regulator
Gamete rejuvenation in yeast

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain-imaging studies
Perceptual learning
Autism
Nicotine receptors and social behavior
Male advantage in sound localization
MicroRNA and birdsong
Bilingualism
Memory-enhancement drug
Self-amplification of radial glia-like cells

Health and medicine

Gene therapy
Stem cells
Cancer
Cancer biology
Alzheimer's disease
Tissue engineering
Diabetes
Flavonoids
Malaria
AIDS
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Multiple sclerosis
Rapamycin and progeria
Antibiotic resistance
Obesity
Cardiovascular disease
Parkinson's disease
Telomeres and cancer
Regenerative medicine
Inflammation
Resveratrol
Nanobiotechnology
Gamma interferon and asthma



Physical sciences


Earthquakes

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Floodwaters may trigger fault motion
  2. June 27, 2011 - Scientists focus on Salton Sea as possible earthquake risk
  3. June 27, 2011 - San Andreas Quake Lull Possibly Caused by Flood Control
  4. June 29, 2011 - Scientists study earthquake triggers in Pacific ocean - also here
  5. June 29, 2011 - Salton Sea floods flipped San Andreas earthquake trigger
  6. July 10, 2011 - Scientists tie Colorado River flooding to San Andreas quakes
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Fossilized pollen reveals climate history of northern Antarctica
  2. July 1, 2011 - Hot Magma Gave Rise to Modern Mammals, Study Suggests
Background


Galaxy classification

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Rethinking Galaxies
  2. June 29, 2011 - The ATLAS3D project: Replacing the handle of Hubble's tuning fork
  3. June 29, 2011 - 3D galaxies -- coming straight on for you
  4. July 1, 2011 - Galaxy classification is out of tune, say astronomers
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Neutron star bites off more than it can chew - also here
  2. June 29, 2011 - Tiny Cannibal Star Blasts Out Four-Hour Superflare
  3. June 30, 2011 - Neutron Star Gobbles Gas, Burps X-rays
  4. July 5, 2011 - Star Caught Eating Another Star, X-Ray Flare Shows
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Greenland ice melts most in half-century: US - also here
  2. June 28, 2011 - 'Fatigue' in the climate system
  3. June 28, 2011 - Global warming continues as greenhouse gas grows - also here
  4. June 30, 2011 - Average U.S. temperature increases by 0.5 degrees F
  5. July 3, 2011 - Warming ocean layers will undermine polar ice sheets - also here
Background


Very early quasar

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Most distant quasar raises questions
  2. June 29, 2011 - The most distant quasar: both headache and opportunity
  3. June 29, 2011 - Distant Quasar Is Early Universe's Brightest Object
  4. June 29, 2011 - Scientists discover brightest, earliest quasar
  5. June 29, 2011 - Bright galaxy sheds light on early Universe - also here
  6. June 29, 2011 - Astronomers Find Brightest Object of Early Universe
  7. June 29, 2011 - Most Far-Flung Known Quasar Offers Glimpse into Early Universe
  8. June 29, 2011 - Astronomers find universe's most distant quasar - also here
  9. June 29, 2011 - ULAS J1120+0641 Is The Most Distant Quasar Yet
  10. June 30, 2011 - Infancy of Universe Seen in Brightest Quasar Yet
  11. June 30, 2011 - Early Quasar Is Brightest Object Ever Found in the Universe
  12. June 30, 2011 - Astronomers find brightest quasar in early universe
  13. June 30, 2011 - Universe's most distant quasar found
  14. June 30, 2011 - Faraway quasar sheds light on early universe
  15. July 1, 2011 - A Paradigm-Shattering Quasar
  16. July 1, 2011 - Most distant quasar shines brightly
  17. July 7, 2011 - Both Ends Burning
  18. August 16, 2011 - A Surprise from an Early Universe Monster
Technical papers:
  1. A luminous quasar at a redshift of z = 7.085
Background


Macroscopic quantum states

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Physicists seek to quantify macroscopic quantum states
Background


Aerosols and climate

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - European research effort improves understanding of impacts of aerosols on climate
Background


Mantle plumes

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Hawaiian hotspot variability attributed to small-scale convection
Background


Kondo states and entanglement

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - How do electrons become entangled?
Background, Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - A glitch in pulsar J1718-3718
  2. June 29, 2011 - 'Odd couple' binary makes dual gamma-ray flares
  3. July 5, 2011 - Mysterious gamma flare observed in high mass binary
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Dark matter may solve 'radio filaments' mystery
  2. June 30, 2011 - Dark matter claim draws scrutiny
  3. June 30, 2011 - New paper offers another approach to proof that dark matter exists
Background


Matter-antimatter asymmetry

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - New Tevatron collider result may help explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe
  2. July 1, 2011 - A step closer to explaining our existence
  3. July 1, 2011 - Antimatter Tevatron mystery gains ground
Background


Quantum graininess of space

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Integral challenges physics beyond Einstein - also here, here, here
  2. July 1, 2011 - Study challenges physics beyond Einstein
  3. July 1, 2011 - New Space Technologies Search for Quantum Fabric of the Universe
  4. July 5, 2011 - Physicists: Universe Almost Certainly Not a Hologram
  5. July 5, 2011 - The universe probably isn't a giant hologram after all
  6. July 7, 2011 - Distant light hints at size of space-time grains
Background


Electron electric dipole moment

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - The electron's electric dipole moment
Background, Background


Galaxy cluster mass measurement

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Astronomers reveal a cosmic 'axis of evil'
Background, Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - NASA completes mirror polishing for James Webb Space Telescope
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Making a spectacle of star formation in Orion
Background


Ocean circulation

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - How ocean arteries carry life across the Indian Ocean
Background


Exobiology

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Sulfurous signs of life
Background


Solar activity

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - What's going on with the Sun?
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Spitzer finds distant galaxies grazed on gas - also here
  2. July 1, 2011 - Galaxies Are Slow Eaters, Not Gas Guzzlers, Study Suggests
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. July 2, 2011 - NASA research offers new prospect of water on Mars
Background



Technology


Diamond nitrogen-vacancy centers and quantum information

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Subatomic quantum memory in diamond demonstrated
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Graphene prêt-à-porter
  2. June 28, 2011 - Method holds promise for making two- or three-tier graphene films
  3. June 28, 2011 - New material promises faster electronics
  4. June 28, 2011 - Researchers image graphene electron clouds, revealing how folds can harm conductivity
  5. June 29, 2011 - Sending a beam of light along a sheet of graphene
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Tiny ring laser accurately detects and counts nanoparticles
  2. June 28, 2011 - Splitsville for boron nitride nanotubes
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Metal particle generates new hope for H2 energy
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Printing solar cells
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - At small scales, tug-of-war between electrons can lead to magnetism under surprising circumstances
  2. June 30, 2011 - Researchers demonstrate electo-optic modulation of single photons from a quantum dot
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Moore's Law Meets Exascale Computing
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - You haven't heard it all
Background


E-beam lithography

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - How to make e-beam lithography more practical as a mass-production technique
Background


Photon spatial entanglement in an optical fiber

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Transporting spatially entangled photons through an optical fiber
Background, Background


Phase-change memory

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - IBM scientists demonstrate computer memory breakthrough
  2. June 30, 2011 - IBM announces computer memory breakthrough
Background


Squeezed light

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Squeezed light from single atoms
Background


Optical switching using quantum dots

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Vertical cavity quantum switch could lead us away from electronics-based computing
Background, Background


Spacecraft propulsion

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - NASA engineer proposes new type of fusion thruster for space travel
Background


Nanomagnetic circuits

References:
  1. July 1, 2011 - Magnetic memory and logic could achieve ultimate energy efficiency - also here, here
  2. July 8, 2011 - Nanomagnet memories approach low-power limit
Background, Background



Life sciences


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Cellular Dynamics International Unlocks the Potential of Banked Blood Samples
  2. June 28, 2011 - Stem Cells from Banked Blood
Background


Antibody diversity and activation-induced dioxycitidine deaminase

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - The genius of a disorderly enzyme
Background


Inheritance of stress

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Unzipped chromosomes pass on parental stress
  2. July 1, 2011 - How Stress is Inherited
Background


Protein synthesis

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - A lack of structure facilitates protein synthesis
Background


Homo erectus

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Peking man differing from modern humans in brain asymmetry
  2. June 29, 2011 - Finding showing human ancestor older than previously thought offers new insights into evolution - also here
Background


NOD-like receptors

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Scientists describe new protein's role in immune response to pathogens
Background


Evolutionary origins of compound eyes

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - New fossils demonstrate that powerful eyes evolved in a twinkling
  2. June 29, 2011 - Fossil Eyes Reveal Predator's Sharp Vision
  3. June 30, 2011 - Fossils reveal rapid evolution in ancient eyes
  4. June 30, 2011 - Eyes give insight into evolutionary arms race
Background


Evolution of size changes

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - How changes in animals' size and shape arise
Background, Background


Mutation interaction in phenotype evolution

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Evolutionary kings of the hill use good, bad and ugly mutations to speed ahead of competition
Background, Background


Mitosis and aurora enzymes

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - New tasks attributed to Aurora proteins in cell division
Background


Thymine DNA glycosylase and demethylation

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Researchers identify new mechanism used by cells to reverse silenced genes
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Novel analysis method organizes genomic cancer data
Background


Immune response to retrovirus

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Resistant mice provide clues about successful immune response to retroviruses
Background


Bacteriophages

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - When viruses infect bacteria - also here
Background


Regulation of p53 DNA damage response

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Regulating p53 is a matter of life or death
Background


Genome-wide association studies

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - New approach to link genome-wide association signals to biological function
  2. June 30, 2011 - Massive genome studies identify genetics behind white blood cell counts
Background


Active role of RNA in protein synthesis

References:
  1. July 1, 2011 - A molecular fossil of the RNA world
Background, Background


Age-related vulnerability of H3K4 methylation

References:
  1. July 1, 2011 - Mutations can spur dangerous identity crisis in cells
Background, Background


Mediator transcription regulator

References:
  1. July 3, 2011 - Researchers decipher protein structure of key molecule in DNA transcription system
  2. July 5, 2011 - Control of gene expression: Mediator MED26 shifts an idling polymerase into high gear - also here
Background


Gamete rejuvenation in yeast

References:
  1. July 3, 2011 - Yeast gene makes old cells young again
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Eat today, pay tomorrow: lean women think ahead
  2. June 27, 2011 - CU researchers develop new software to advance brain image research
  3. June 29, 2011 - How Love Makes (Some) Pain Go Away
  4. June 29, 2011 - Not senseless -- watching the brain relearning the sense of smell
  5. June 29, 2011 - Researchers can predict future actions from human brain activity
  6. June 30, 2011 - How the sight of a loved one can ease our suffering
  7. June 30, 2011 - Brain scan reveals how our brain processes jokes
  8. June 29, 2011 - Scan reveals how brain processes jokes
  9. June 30, 2011 - Thanks for the memories
  10. June 30, 2011 - How Easy Is It To Falsify Memory? It Just Takes A Little Social Pressure
  11. June 30, 2011 - Sleeping babies can hear you're upset
  12. July 1, 2011 - Scans reveal how we change memories
  13. July 1, 2011 - Pain-Free Love
  14. July 4, 2011 - How your memories can be twisted under social pressure
  15. July 5, 2011 - True love acts as a painkiller: study
Background


Perceptual learning

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - A little practice can change the brain in a lasting way: Study
  2. July 1, 2011 - When It Comes to Memory, Practice Seems to Make Perfect
Background


Autism

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Effects of Asperger's syndrome noticeable in babies
Background


Nicotine receptors and social behavior

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Nicotine receptors affect social behavior
Background, Background


Male advantage in sound localization

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Sound localization at cocktail parties is easier for men
Background


MicroRNA and birdsong

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - MicroRNAs in the songbird brain respond to new songs
Background


Bilingualism

References:
  1. July 1, 2011 - Chinese-English bilinguals are 'automatic' translators
  2. July 1, 2011 - Bilingual brain translates in an instant
Background


Memory-enhancement drug

References:
  1. July 2, 2011 - A Drug that Could Give You Perfect Visual Memory
Background, Background


Self-amplification of radial glia-like cells

References:
  1. July 2, 2011 - Johns Hopkins team reconstitutes single stem cells' family tree
  2. July 5, 2011 - Brain Cells Self-Amplify
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - The promise of stem cell-based gene therapy
  2. June 27, 2011 - Advances in delivery of therapeutic genes to treat brain tumors
  3. June 28, 2011 - Researchers develop new gene therapy for heart failure
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - UCLA stem cell scientists discover new airway stem cell
  2. June 27, 2011 - New bioengineering approach: Tiny cell patterns reveal progression of development and disease
  3. June 27, 2011 - New airway stem cell found
  4. June 28, 2011 - Serum-free cultures help transplanted MSCs improve efficacy
  5. June 29, 2011 - Genetic 'conductor' involved with new brain cell production in adults
  6. June 30, 2011 - Nervous system stem cells can replace themselves, give rise to variety of cell types, even amplify
  7. June 30, 2011 - Adult stem cells carry their own baggage: Epigenetics guides stem cell fate
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Breakthrough could make 'smart drugs' effective for many cancer patients
  2. June 27, 2011 - Team identifies new breast cancer tumor suppressor and how it works
  3. June 27, 2011 - Combination of calcium, vitamin D reduces melanoma risks in some women
  4. June 27, 2011 - False negative tests in breast cancer may lead to wrong drug choice
  5. June 27, 2011 - Childhood cancer survivors are at high risk for multiple tumors as they age
  6. June 27, 2011 - Different subtypes of triple-negative breast cancer respond to different therapies
  7. June 27, 2011 - New Drugs Fight Prostate Cancer, but at High Cost
  8. June 28, 2011 - Study finds mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality
  9. June 28, 2011 - Raman nanoparticle-aided imaging of tumors moves closer to human trials
  10. June 28, 2011 - Breast cancer treatment shows benefit for women with small, localized disease
  11. June 28, 2011 - Finding could lead to reduced side effects in anti-cancer antibiotics
  12. June 28, 2011 - Study finds mammograms reduce cancer deaths
  13. June 29, 2011 - Blocking molecular target could make more cancers treatable with PARP inhibitors
  14. June 29, 2011 - Research finding suggests way to make bladder cancer cells more susceptible to chemotherapy
  15. June 29, 2011 - New therapy for childhood neuroblastoma proves feasible and safe
  16. June 29, 2011 - Screening with low-dose spiral CT scanning reduces lung cancer deaths by 20 percent
  17. June 29, 2011 - Researchers analyze gene changes in ovarian cancer
  18. June 29, 2011 - Lung cancer scans: False alarms amid lives saved - also here
  19. June 30, 2011 - Ovarian cancer outcomes may improve with 'dose-dense' chemotherapy
  20. June 30, 2011 - Match your treatment to your cancer
  21. June 30, 2011 - Worse outcomes for older breast cancer patients with other health problems
  22. June 30, 2011 - Discovery of genetic mutations better diagnose myelodysplastic syndromes
  23. June 30, 2011 - Study bolsters evidence that screening reduces lung cancer deaths
  24. July 1, 2011 - Targeting the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors
  25. July 1, 2011 - New class of antiangiogenesis drugs identified
  26. July 1, 2011 - Researchers test benefit of fish oil in bowel cancer spread
  27. July 3, 2011 - Genetic variant linked to development of liver cancer in hepatitis C virus carriers
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - New clues to how cancer spreads
  2. June 28, 2011 - The many roles of c-JUN in cancer
  3. June 29, 2011 - Unveiling the Genetic Landscape of Ovarian Cancer
  4. June 29, 2011 - Evolution of Skin and Ovarian Cancer Cells - also here
  5. June 29, 2011 - The Cancer Genome Atlas completes detailed ovarian cancer analysis
  6. June 29, 2011 - New Method to Determine Order of Mutations That Lead to Cancer
  7. June 29, 2011 - Sequence of ovarian genome identifies predominant gene mutations, points to possible treatment
  8. June 30, 2011 - Scientists Identify Order of Mutations That Lead to Cancer - also here here
  9. June 30, 2011 - Researchers identify enzyme that is an important regulator of aggressive breast cancer development
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Alzheimer's prevention in your pantry
  2. June 28, 2011 - Study questions role of A-beta molecules in Alzheimer's disease pathology
  3. June 29, 2011 - Alzheimer's plaques due to purging flaw
  4. June 29, 2011 - Scientists uncover mechanism by which chronic stress causes brain disease
  5. June 30, 2011 - How chronic stress causes Alzheimer's, other brain diseases
  6. June 30, 2011 - Malfunctioning protein a cause of Alzheimer's plaques
  7. June 30, 2011 - New clues to the cause of Alzheimer's disease
  8. July 3, 2011 - Overlooked peptide reveals clues to causes of Alzheimer's disease
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - First patients receive lab-grown blood vessels from donor cells
  2. June 27, 2011 - Diabetics get blood vessels made from donor cells - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Diabetes vaccine stumbles at second hurdle
  2. June 28, 2011 - Chemical produced in pancreas prevented and reversed diabetes in mice
  3. June 30, 2011 - Preventing diabetes damage: Zinc's effects on a kinky, two-faced cohort
  4. July 3, 2011 - Zinc and the zebrafish: Fluorescent fish could hold the key to understanding diabetes
Background


Flavonoids

References:
  1. June 27, 2011 - Flavonoids Could Represent Two-Fisted Assault On Diabetes and Nervous System Disorders
Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Malaria funding rise fills drug pipeline - report
  2. June 29, 2011 - Malaria Pipeline Biggest Ever
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - HIV disrupts blood-brain barrier - also here
  2. June 29, 2011 - Researchers identify HIV-inhibiting mechanism
  3. June 29, 2011 - Understanding the link between HIV and dementia
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Stepped-up vaccine series for hepatitis B is effective during pregnancy
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - Will new drugs block hepatitis C virus in its tracks?
  2. June 28, 2011 - P7 protein resistance mutations identified; represent drug targets for hepatitis C virus
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. June 28, 2011 - MS-like disease discovered in monkeys
Background


Rapamycin and progeria

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - New Drug Hope for 'Aging' Kids
  2. June 30, 2011 - Possible new drug for children with progeria
  3. July 5, 2011 - Drug reverses accelerated aging
  4. July 7, 2011 - How to cure aging: One drug can extend life span
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Is drug resistance in humans coming from chickens? - also here
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Obesity is a killer in nonsmoking women
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Natural gases a therapy for heart disease?
  2. June 30, 2011 - Intake of the right fatty acids can help to prevent heart attacks
  3. June 30, 2011 - Four blood pressure changes in a lifetime
  4. June 30, 2011 - Study uncovers novel genetic variation linked to increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. June 29, 2011 - Getting an accurate read on Parkinson's
Background


Telomeres and cancer

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Telomeres: Two Genes Linked to Why They Stretch in Cancer Cells - also here, here
Background


Regenerative medicine

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Genetic alterations in pig tissue may allow for human transplantation
Background


Inflammation

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Researchers find herbal medicine treatment reduces inflammation in allergen-induced asthma
Background


Resveratrol

References:
  1. June 30, 2011 - Red wine: Exercise in a bottle?
  2. July 1, 2011 - Exercise In A Wine Bottle
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 1, 2011 - Magnetic Nanoparticles Fry Tumors
Background


Gamma interferon and asthma

References:
  1. July 1, 2011 - Key immune substance linked to asthma, study finds
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved