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Volume 10, Number 32
August 8, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Astrochemistry
Sea level rise
Aerosols and climate
Dark galaxies
Global warming
Solar flares
Bose-Einstein condensates
Extrasolar planets
Active galactic nuclei
Supermassive black hole mergers
Observational tests for eternal inflation
Open star clusters
Water on Mars

Technology

Superconductivity
Photonic crystals
Graphene
Metamaterials
Magnetic digital storage technology
Nanotechnology
Optical data networks
Artificial intelligence
Quantum computing
Robotics
Photovoltaics
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum communication
Optical diode
Photonic chips
Lasers

Life sciences

Plant genome duplication
Prenatal maternal stress, telomere length, and aging
Sensory adaptation response in bacteria
Cyanobacteria
Biofilms
Photosynthesis
Aging and immune function
Cell communication
Sperm from stem cells
Cell migration
Sexual selection
Genetic traces of original symbiosis
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Cell reprogramming
Proteomics
Synthetic biology
Microbial nanowires
Protection against recombination errors of repetitive DNA elements

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain organization during development
Mirror neurons
Autism
Oxytocin
Conformity and cooperation
Dieting and neuron autophagy
Bilingualism
Smoking cessation, depression, and MAO-A
Language independence of arithmetical calculation
Oligodendrocytes and myelination
Interaction of memory-related brain regions
Declarative memory and the medial temporal lobe
Brain response to female sexual stimulation
Working memory training and dopamine
Schizophrenia
Brain encoding of spatial information

Health and medicine

Cancer
Tissue engineering
Parkinson's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Cognitive impairment
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer biology
Tuberculosis
Diabetes
Antibiotic resistance
Obesity and diabetes
Multiple sclerosis
AIDS
Inflammatory bowel disease
Lifsetyle and longevity
Hepatitis C
Malaria
Autoimmune disease
Stem cells
Nanobiotechnology
Mathematical modeling of cancer
Zinc-finger nucleases



Physical sciences


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Herschel Telescope Detects Oxygen Molecules In Space
  2. August 1, 2011 - Herschel uncovers 'hidden' oxygen in Orion
  3. August 1, 2011 - Oxygen molecules found in deep space - also here
  4. August 1, 2011 - Oxygen Molecules Discovered in Deep Space for First Time
  5. August 1, 2011 - Oxygen Molecules Found In Orion
  6. August 2, 2011 - Astronomers Finally Detect Oxygen Molecules in Space
  7. August 2, 2011 - Oxygen finally spotted in space
  8. August 2, 2011 - European telescope detects oxygen in space
  9. August 3, 2011 - Orion breathes oxygen
  10. August 9, 2011 - Molecular oxygen finally spotted in space
Background


Sea level rise

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Antarctic ice and future sea level rise: big questions
  2. August 3, 2011 - Data shows past ice shelf collapses linked to warmer ocean water
Background


Aerosols and climate

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Aerosols affect climate more than satellite estimates predict
Background


Dark galaxies

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Found: Heart of darkness
  2. August 2, 2011 - Shadowy Galaxy Has More Dark Matter Than Any Other Known
  3. August 3, 2011 - Darkest galaxy yet found contains a treasure trove of 1,000 ancient stars
  4. August 5, 2011 - Dark host harbours secrets
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Melting glaciers signal climate change in Bolivia
  2. August 4, 2011 - Arctic ice cap near 2007 record minimum: Russia
  3. August 4, 2011 - Large variations in Arctic sea ice
  4. August 4, 2011 - Arctic Ocean Ice: During The Recent Holocene Climate Optimum, It Was Half What It Is Today
Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Intense Solar Flare Erupts From the Sun
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Dirac points multiply in the presence of a BEC
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Exoplanet loses weight but gains width
Background


Active galactic nuclei

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - INTEGRAL observations suggest unified model for Active Galactic Nuclei requires a rethink - also here
Background


Supermassive black hole mergers

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Tracking binary black holes - also here
Background, Background


Observational tests for eternal inflation

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - First observational test of the 'multiverse' - also here
  2. August 3, 2011 - 'Multiverse' theory suggested by microwave background
  3. August 5, 2011 - Our universe may show bruises from smacking four other universes
  4. August 8, 2011 - Collisions on the sky
  5. August 9, 2011 - Big Bang early echoes seen in sky survey
  6. August 9, 2011 - Other Universes Finally Detectable?
  7. August 11, 2011 - Looking for the Thumbprints of Parallel Universes
  8. August 12, 2011 - Our Universe May Be a 'Multiverse,' Scientists Say
  9. August 23, 2011 - When universes collide, how will we know when it happens? - also here
Technical papers:
  1. First Observational Tests of Eternal Inflation
Background, Background, Background


Open star clusters

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - VISTA finds 96 star clusters hidden behind dust
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - NASA Spacecraft Data Suggest Water Flowing on Mars
  2. August 4, 2011 - Best Evidence Yet for Martian Water
  3. August 4, 2011 - Liquid water on Mars might taste salty
  4. August 4, 2011 - Dark streaks guide search for life on Mars
  5. August 4, 2011 - Is Mars Weeping Salty Tears?
  6. August 4, 2011 - New hints of saltwater on Mars
  7. August 4, 2011 - Orbiter spots possible water seepage on surface of Mars
  8. August 4, 2011 - New evidence for liquid water on Mars
  9. August 4, 2011 - Seasonal Markings on Martian Slopes Could Indicate Flowing Water
  10. August 4, 2011 - Briny water may be at work in seasonal flows on Mars - also here
  11. August 4, 2011 - Mystery Lines on Mars Carved By Water, Study Suggests
  12. August 4, 2011 - Hints of Water Spark Fresh Hope for Life on Mars
  13. August 4, 2011 - Flowing water may exist on Mars
  14. August 4, 2011 - Scientists Find Signs Water Is Flowing on Mars
  15. August 4, 2011 - Flowing water on Mars sparks hunt for ancient life - also here
  16. August 4, 2011 - Dark streaks on Mars bolster case for liquid water
  17. August 4, 2011 - NASA finds new evidence of liquid water on Mars
  18. August 5, 2011 - Salt water may explain Martian surface streaks
  19. August 5, 2011 - Astronomers see possibility of water on Mars
  20. August 5, 2011 - Mars' northern polar regions in transition
  21. August 9, 2011 - Potential Mars Water 'A Big Deal,' Scientists Say
Background



Technology


Superconductivity

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Spin waves and superconductors
Background


Photonic crystals

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Promising new material: Electronic and optically active photonic crystals
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Transparent electronics from graphene-based electrodes
  2. August 4, 2011 - One box of Girl Scout Cookies worth $15 billion - also here
  3. August 5, 2011 - Discovery points way to graphene circuits
  4. August 8, 2011 - Graphene From Garbage
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Manipulating light at will
  2. August 1, 2011 - Light doubles back
  3. August 2, 2011 - Now, an invisibility cloak you can see
Background


Magnetic digital storage technology

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - The art of magnetic writing
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Energy storage device fabricated on a nanowire array
  2. August 2, 2011 - A hot bath for gold nanoparticles
  3. August 4, 2011 - More precise method of nanopatterning
Background


Optical data networks

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Data are traveling by light
  2. August 2, 2011 - Optical WLAN - Downloads At The Speed Of Light
  3. August 9, 2011 - LEDs illuminate room with data
  4. August 26, 2011 - OMEGA at the top of the data transfer game
Background, Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Algorithm searches for models that best explain experimental data
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Dramatic simplification paves the way for building a quantum computer
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Researchers give robot ability to learn
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Quantum dot solar cells increase solar conversion efficiency
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - DNA strands that select nanotubes are first step to a practical 'quantum wire'
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Photons tune in and shape up
Background


Optical diode

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - No turning back for light
Background


Photonic chips

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Caltech-led engineers solve longstanding problem in photonic chip technology
Background


Lasers

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - A light-matter laser squeezed into a nanowire
Background



Life sciences


Plant genome duplication

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Some Plants Duplicate Their DNA to Overcome Adversity - also here
Background


Prenatal maternal stress, telomere length, and aging

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Study links prenatal exposure to stress with accelerated cell aging
Background


Sensory adaptation response in bacteria

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Microbial study reveals sophisticated sensory response
Background


Cyanobacteria

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Researchers decipher the molecular basis of blue-green algae
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - 1 species of pathogen can produce 2 distinct biofilms
  2. August 5, 2011 - One Pathogen, Two Biofilms
Background


Photosynthesis

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Scientists probe the energy transfer process in photosynthetic proteins
Background


Aging and immune function

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Surviving T cells may boost immunity in aging
Background, Background


Cell communication

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - New research challenges our understanding of cell communication
Background


Sperm from stem cells

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Sperm Made (Mostly) in a Dish Produce Normal Mice
  2. August 4, 2011 - Lab-Grown Sperm
  3. August 4, 2011 - Making sperm from stem cells in a dish
  4. August 5, 2011 - Japan scientists coax sperm from stem cells
  5. August 5, 2011 - Experts grow mouse sperm to help with human infertility
  6. August 6, 2011 - Sperm from mice stem cells offers infertility hope - also here
  7. August 8, 2011 - Worldwide First: Stem Cells Turned Into Sperm Turned Into Living Animals
Background


Cell migration

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - On the trail of cell navigation
Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Drive to Impress Females Pushes Males Toward Early Graves
  2. August 4, 2011 - Sexually extravagant male birds age more rapidly, but try to hide it
  3. August 4, 2011 - Females can place limits on evolution of attractive features in males, research shows
  4. August 10, 2011 - Sexually Showy Male Birds Finish Early
Background


Genetic traces of original symbiosis

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Human Cells a Chimera of Ancient Life
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - A patient's own skin cells may one day treat multiple diseases
Background


Cell reprogramming

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Bypassing stem cells, scientists make neurons directly from human skin
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Clustering is key to lighting up the dark proteome
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. August 5, 2011 - Rewriting E. coli's Genetic Code
Background


Microbial nanowires

References:
  1. August 7, 2011 - Research team discovers new conducting properties of bacteria-produced wires
  2. August 8, 2011 - Bacterial nanowire discovery could revolutionize bioelectronics
  3. August 10, 2011 - Bacterial nanowires conduct like metals
  4. August 11, 2011 - Bacterial Nanowires Could Revolutionize Electronics
  5. August 12, 2011 - Bacterial 'wires' an electronic dream
Background


Protection against recombination errors of repetitive DNA elements

References:
  1. August 7, 2011 - How yeast chromosomes avoid the bad breaks
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain organization during development

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Novel analysis sheds new light on the mechanisms of brain development
Background, Background


Mirror neurons

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - The role of mirror neurons in human behavior
Background


Autism

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - New CMU brain imaging research reveals why autistic individuals confuse pronouns
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - The dark side of Oxytocin
  2. August 1, 2011 - Gloating And Envy - Oxytocin Is Not All Cuddling
Background


Conformity and cooperation

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Study finds conformity does not equal cooperation
Background


Dieting and neuron autophagy

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Starved Brain Cells May Cause Diets to Fail
  2. August 2, 2011 - Hungry Neurons = Hungry Person
  3. August 2, 2011 - Why diets don't work? Starved brain cells eat themselves
  4. August 4, 2011 - Dieting Starves Your Brain Cells, Turning Neurons Into Self-Cannibals
Background


Bilingualism

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Chinese-English bilinguals are 'automatic' translators
Background


Smoking cessation, depression, and MAO-A

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Brain chemical may explain why heavy smokers feel sad after quitting
Background


Language independence of arithmetical calculation

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Stanford researcher explores whether language is the only way to represent numbers
  2. August 9, 2011 - A Mental Abacus Lets Math Whizzes Bypass Language
  3. August 9, 2011 - Mental abacus does away with words
Background


Oligodendrocytes and myelination

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - How exercise benefits nerve cells
Background


Interaction of memory-related brain regions

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Have we met before? Scientists show why the brain has the answer
Background


Declarative memory and the medial temporal lobe

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Neuroscientists identify how the brain remembers what happens and when
Background


Brain response to female sexual stimulation

References:
  1. August 5, 2011 - Nipples stimulate the same area of the brain as genitals do
  2. August 5, 2011 - Sex on the brain: What turns women on, mapped out
Background


Working memory training and dopamine

References:
  1. August 5, 2011 - Brain training increases dopamine release
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 7, 2011 - Mutations not inherited from parents cause more than half the cases of schizophrenia
  2. August 7, 2011 - Scientists make schizophrenia breakthrough
  3. August 8, 2011 - Schizophrenia: genes matter (even though inheritance might not)
  4. August 8, 2011 - Schizophrenia Genetics Revealed
Background


Brain encoding of spatial information

References:
  1. August 7, 2011 - Brain's map of space falls flat when it comes to altitude
  2. August 8, 2011 - Rats Don't Map Altitude
  3. August 12, 2011 - Brains Lack Penchant to Sense Altitude
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Proteins chaperone drugs into development
  2. August 1, 2011 - Genetic differences distinguish stomach cancers, treatment response
  3. August 1, 2011 - Leukemia drug reverses tamoxifen-resistance in breast cancer cells
  4. August 2, 2011 - Study: Inexpensive method detects ALK rearrangement in lung cancer patients
  5. August 2, 2011 - Noninvasive fecal occult blood test effective screen for lower GI tract lesions
  6. August 2, 2011 - The effects of smoking and alcohol use on risk of upper aero-digestive cancers
  7. August 2, 2011 - Cooked green vegetables, dried fruit, legumes, and brown rice associated with fewer colon polyps
  8. August 2, 2011 - Combo therapies tested to overcome drug resistance in melanoma patients
  9. August 2, 2011 - Genetic link to rare brain tumour discovered
  10. August 3, 2011 - Urine predicts prostate cancer risk
  11. August 3, 2011 - Urine test may improve prostate screening
  12. August 3, 2011 - Urine test shows prostate cancer risk
  13. August 3, 2011 - Stanford study identifies potential anti-cancer therapy that starves cancer cells of glucose
  14. August 3, 2011 - Late-stage ovarian cancer therapy shows promise in phase II trial
  15. August 3, 2011 - Unconventional hunt for new cancer targets leads to a powerful drug candidate for leukemia
  16. August 3, 2011 - New genome profiling technique identifies weak points in breast cancer cells
  17. August 4, 2011 - Use of a retroflexion technique during colonoscopy in the right side of the colon improves polyp detection
  18. August 4, 2011 - Disappearance of genetic material allows tumor cells to grow
  19. August 4, 2011 - New cancer imaging technique uses vitamin C to detect more aggressive tumours
  20. August 4, 2011 - Total synthesis of anti-cancer marine product achieved
  21. August 5, 2011 - Potential new eye tumor treatment discovered
  22. August 7, 2011 - Research discovers frequent mutations of chromatin remodeling genes in TCC of the bladder
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Lab-Grown Disks May Cure That Aching Back
  2. August 1, 2011 - In the battle to relieve back aches, researchers create bioengineered spinal disc implants
  3. August 1, 2011 - Live disc implant could kill back pain
  4. August 2, 2011 - Bio-Engineered Spinal Discs Appear Successful in Rats
  5. August 3, 2011 - Spinal Discs Grown From Cells Could Someday Repair Bad Backs
  6. August 9, 2011 - Spinal Disc Implants Help Fight Back Pain
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Nicotine eyed as Parkinson's treatment
  2. August 1, 2011 - Smoking's up-side: Nicotine protects the brain from Parkinson's disease
  3. August 3, 2011 - Nicotine Protects Against Parkinson's?
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Cholesterol-lowering drugs may help prevent recurrent strokes in younger people
  2. August 1, 2011 - Some exercise is better than none; more is better to reduce heart disease risk
  3. August 1, 2011 - Blood pressure drugs may offer benefits in valvular heart disease
  4. August 1, 2011 - Risk factors exposed for sudden cardiac death in post-menopausal women with coronary artery disease
  5. August 2, 2011 - Adverse childhood could raise adult heart disease risk
  6. August 3, 2011 - Stopping snoring cuts heart attack risk
  7. August 3, 2011 - Predicting perilous plaque in coronary arteries via fluid dynamics
  8. August 4, 2011 - Genetic 'signature' discovered in plaque
Background


Cognitive impairment

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - High blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and obesity in middle age may shrink brain, damage thinking
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - New research supports upcoming Alzheimer's disease guidelines
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Key growth factor identified in T cell leukemia
  2. August 1, 2011 - Using math to fight cancer
  3. August 1, 2011 - Scientists reveal mechanism behind 'oncogene addiction' in acute leukemia
  4. August 4, 2011 - Elusive gene mutations found for malignant brain tumor
  5. August 4, 2011 - Regulating nuclear signalling in cancer
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - New discovery brings customized tuberculosis therapies based on genotype closer to reality
  2. August 3, 2011 - An advance toward an 'electronic nose' urine test for tuberculosis
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 1, 2011 - Type 2 diabetes: 'Intensive' versus 'conventional' blood glucose control -- no clear picture
  2. August 2, 2011 - Scientists show 'swamp gas' protects blood vessels from complications of diabetes
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - New study identifies emergence of multidrug-resistant strain of salmonella
  2. August 3, 2011 - Drug-resistant salmonella found in Europe, Africa: study
  3. August 3, 2011 - Aggressive drug therapy aids superbug evolution
  4. August 3, 2011 - Scientists find new superbug strain of salmonella
Background


Obesity and diabetes

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - New link found between obesity and insulin resistance
  2. August 3, 2011 - Mimicking calorie restriction to fight obesity, type 2 diabetes
Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. August 2, 2011 - Actelion drug cuts brain lesions in MS patients
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Natural killer cells participate in immune response against HIV - also here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Gene associated with ulcerative colitis uncovered by researchers
Background


Lifsetyle and longevity

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - Lifestyles of the old and healthy defy expectations
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 3, 2011 - New approach a step forward for hepatitis C vaccine
  2. August 4, 2011 - Scientists a step closer to Hepatitis C vaccine
  3. August 5, 2011 - Hep C vaccine successful in animal trials
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Screening effort turns up multiple potential anti-malaria compounds
  2. August 4, 2011 - Novel DNA-sensing pathway in immune response to malaria
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - B-cell discovery suggests why women suffer more autoimmune disease
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Hormone reduces risk of heart failure from chemotherapy
  2. August 4, 2011 - Out of body experience for stem cells may lead to more successful transplants
  3. August 4, 2011 - Researchers find way to help donor adult blood stem cells overcome transplant rejection
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 4, 2011 - Researchers develop and test new molecule as a delivery vehicle to image and kill brain tumors
Background


Mathematical modeling of cancer

References:
  1. August 6, 2011 - Mathematical model predicts growth of cancer
Background, Background


Zinc-finger nucleases

References:
  1. August 7, 2011 - Gene-therapy enzymes make unpredicted errors
  2. August 7, 2011 - When Zinc Fingers Miss the Mark
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved