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Volume 10, Number 45
November 7, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Possible superluminal neutrinos
Aerosols
Fine-structure constant
Destruction of planets by Sgr A*
Global warming
Protoplanetary disks
Quark-gluon plasma
High metallicity in early galaxies
Water on Mars
Diffuse interstellar bands
Complex organic astrochemistry
Higgs boson
Gamma-ray pulsar
Gamma-ray pulsar survey
Sunspots
SETI
Barred spiral galaxies
Black hole mergers and gravitational waves
Plate tectonics
Old white dwarfs
Active galaxies
Star-forming regions
Intergalactic gas clouds energized by active galaxies
Fractional quantum Hall effect
Habitable planets of red dwarfs

Technology

DNA nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Superconductivity
Hydrogen storage
Hydrogen production
Silicon carbide and quantum computing
Brain-machine interface
Metamaterials
Graphene
Organic computing
Photovoltaics
Resistive random access memory
Nanotechnology
Quantum dots
Controlled fusion
Memristors
Quantum cloning
Supercomputing
Organic electronics

Life sciences

Rejuvenation of senescent cells
Denisovans
Horizontal gene transfer
Blood platelets and immune response
Artificial proteins
Calorie restriction and longivity in yeast
Meiosis and centromeres
Cell polyploidy
Ancient bacterial enzyme
Mitosis and chromosome distribution
Extension of fruit fly lifespan with a PGC-1 homolog
Senescent cells and aging
Modern humans in Europe
Divergence of mouse and human genomes
Alternative splicing and the Warburg effect
Epigenetic centromere marking
Recent human evolution
Photosynthesis
Bacterial pulse regulation and stress
Genetics, mitochondria, and longevity in naked mole-rats
Alternative lengthening of telomeres
Chromosome shape
Apolipoprotein
N-terminal acetylation of proteins

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Schizophrenia
Disgust
Memory, learning, and tomosyn
Addiction
Endocannabinoids and eating disorders
Memory and the hippocampus
Neural connectivity in the brain
Gateway effect of nicotine in addiction
Autism
The neuro-hypophysis area, oxytocin, and hormone regulation
Understanding of emotions
Creativity
Light and wakefulness
Effects of amphetamines on brain chemistry
The cerebellum, cognitive maps, and orientation
Impulsiveness, GABA, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
Language learning
Working memory and episodic memory

Health and medicine

Diabetes
Antibiotic resistance
Cognitive decline
Cancer
Cardiovascular disease
Obesity
Omega-3 fatty acids, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
Organ engineering
Hepatitis C
Inflammatory bowel disease
Cancer biology
Multiple sclerosis
Adiponectin
Beneficial effects of resveratrol for metabolism
Alzheimer's disease
Stem cells
Parkinson's disease
Benefits of nut comsumption for metabolic syndrome
MLK3, dementia, inflammation, and heart failure
Anti-inflammatory effect of exenatide
Gene therapy
Treatment of laminopathies and premature aging with NAC
AIDS
Diet and mortality
PKM2 and cancer
Autoimmune disease
Parkinson's disease therapy with stem-cell-derived neurons



Physical sciences


Possible superluminal neutrinos

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Scientists revisit 'faster-than-light' experiment
Background


Aerosols

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - The birth of a cloud droplet
  2. November 2, 2011 - Pollution may be strengthening Asian cyclones
Background


Fine-structure constant

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Nature's laws may vary across the Universe
  2. November 1, 2011 - Alpha might vary across the universe
  3. November 2, 2011 - Law of nature 'not so constant' after all
  4. November 4, 2011 - Fundamental Constant May Depend on Where in the Universe You Are
  5. November 30, 2011 - Fundamental constants are not constant - or maybe they are, we don't really know
Technical papers:
  1. Indications of a Spatial Variation of the Fine Structure Constant
Background


Destruction of planets by Sgr A*

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Planets Being Pulverized Near Giant Black Holes?
  2. November 2, 2011 - Evidence That Black Holes Eat Planets And Asteroids Too
  3. November 4, 2011 - Monster black hole eats worlds
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Drying intensifying wildfires, carbon release ninefold, study finds
  2. November 1, 2011 - Future holds more extreme weather - also here, here
  3. November 2, 2011 - U.N. links extreme weather to climate change
  4. November 2, 2011 - Can Climate Science Predict Extreme Weather?
  5. November 2, 2011 - Peatland carbon storage is stabilized against catastrophic release of carbon
  6. November 3, 2011 - The human cause of climate change: Where does the burden of proof lie?
  7. November 3, 2011 - Biggest jump ever seen in global warming gases - also here
  8. November 7, 2011 - Biggest spike ever in global warming gases
  9. November 9, 2011 - Greenhouse gases continue to rise worldwide
Background


Protoplanetary disks

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - A star with spiral arms
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - LHC to probe early universe in best detail yet
Background


High metallicity in early galaxies

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - VLT Observations of Gamma-ray Burst Reveal Surprising Ingredients of Early Galaxies
  2. November 2, 2011 - VLT observations of gamma-ray burst reveal surprising ingredients of early galaxies - also here, here
  3. November 2, 2011 - Gamma ray blast zaps two distant galaxies
  4. November 2, 2011 - Bright Space Explosion Reveals Surprising Ingredients of Galaxies
  5. November 2, 2011 - Distant GRB lights up chemically rich galaxies
Technical papers:
  1. Super-solar Metal Abundances in Two Galaxies at z ~ 3.57 revealed by the GRB 090323 Afterglow Spectrum
Background, Background, Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Life on Mars Driven Underground?
  2. November 2, 2011 - Mars' history is a fluid situation
  3. November 2, 2011 - Study of clays suggests watery Mars underground
  4. November 2, 2011 - Ancient Mars Water May Have Flowed Underground
  5. November 3, 2011 - Warm, Wet Conditions on Ancient Mars May Have Been Confined to Subsurface
  6. November 4, 2011 - The Search for Water on Mars Goes On
  7. November 11, 2011 - Look underground to seek signs of life on Mars
Background


Diffuse interstellar bands

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Mysterious stellar absorption lines could illuminate 90-year puzzle
  2. November 2, 2011 - Our galaxy's gas hides a mystery substance that's soaking up light
  3. November 2, 2011 - 90-Year-Old Space Molecule Mystery Has New Clues
Technical papers:
  1. Infrared diffuse interstellar bands in the Galactic Centre region
Background


Complex organic astrochemistry

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Astrobiologists discover 'sweet spots' for the formation of complex organic molecules in the galaxy
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Search for Elusive Higgs Boson Particle on Hold Until 2012
Background


Gamma-ray pulsar

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - NASA's Fermi Finds Youngest Millisecond Pulsar, 100 Pulsars To-Date - also here
  2. November 3, 2011 - 100,000-star cluster's gamma rays come from a single energetic pulsar
  3. November 3, 2011 - Gamma rays reveal youngest stellar dervish
  4. November 3, 2011 - Fermi finds super-energetic millisecond pulsar
  5. November 3, 2011 - Millisecond pulsar in spin mode - also here, here
  6. November 3, 2011 - Fast-Spinning Star Is Brightest & Youngest Ever Seen
  7. November 4, 2011 - Largest ever gamma-ray pulsar discovered
  8. November 4, 2011 - Youngest millisecond pulsar shines in gamma rays
  9. November 4, 2011 - Record breaking pulsar spins a web of mysteries
Technical papers:
  1. Fermi Detection of a Luminous γ-Ray Pulsar in a Globular Cluster
Background, Background


Gamma-ray pulsar survey

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - 9 new gamma pulsars
  2. November 3, 2011 - NASA Telescope's Big Haul: 'Invisible' Stars & Amazingly Bright Pulsar
Background, Background


Sunspots

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - NASA Satellite Spots New Behemoth Sunspot
  2. November 3, 2011 - Largest Sunspot in Years Observed on the Sun
  3. November 4, 2011 - Giant Sunspot Unleashes Massive Solar Flare
Background


SETI

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - City lights could reveal E.T. civilization
  2. November 4, 2011 - Alien City Lights Could Signal E.T. Planets
  3. November 8, 2011 - Detecting ET's city lights
  4. November 11, 2011 - How to detect aliens by hunting their light
  5. December 19, 2011 - Aliens hanging out in the Kuiper Belt? We could see the light from their cities
Background


Barred spiral galaxies

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Scientists study the 'galaxy zoo' using Google Maps and thousands of volunteers
Background


Black hole mergers and gravitational waves

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Solving Einstein's theory
Background, Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Why did the Southern Gulf of California rupture so rapidly?
Background


Old white dwarfs

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Ancient white dwarf stars - also here
Background


Active galaxies

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Hubble Directly Observes the Disc Around a Black Hole - also here
  2. November 4, 2011 - Gravitational lens lets Hubble zoom in on matter swirling into black hole
  3. November 4, 2011 - Hubble Spots Disk Around Distant Black Hole
  4. November 4, 2011 - Supercharging the Hubble
  5. November 4, 2011 - Hubble Telescope Catches Never-Before-Seen Look at Black Hole's Maw
  6. November 4, 2011 - Hubble sees disc around black hole
Technical papers:
  1. A Study of Gravitational Lens Chromaticity with the Hubble Space Telescope - also here
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Pearly Nebula
Background


Intergalactic gas clouds energized by active galaxies

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Attack of the mystery green blobs
Background


Fractional quantum Hall effect

References:
  1. November 5, 2011 - 2-D Electron Liquid Solidifies in a Magnetic Field
Background


Habitable planets of red dwarfs

References:
  1. November 5, 2011 - Most common stars are more life-friendly than thought
Background



Technology


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Researchers fabricate DNA strands on a reusable chip, fold them into novel nanostructures
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - The quest for the tiny carbon nanotube
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Susceptible to Pairing
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Researchers discover promising hydrogen storage material
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Aluminum alloy overcomes obstacles on the path to making hydrogen a practical fuel source
Background


Silicon carbide and quantum computing

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - UCSB Physicists Identify Room Temperature Quantum Bits in Widely Used Semiconductor - also here, here, here
  2. November 4, 2011 - Silicon carbide shows promise for quantum computing
  3. December 12, 2011 - A device-friendly qubit?
Technical papers:
  1. Room temperature coherent control of defect spin qubits in silicon carbide
Background


Brain-machine interface

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Virtual helicopters piloted with thoughts
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Solar power could get boost from new light absorption design
  2. November 2, 2011 - Chemically assembled metamaterials may lead to superlenses
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Graphene applications in electronics and photonics
Background


Organic computing

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Is organic computing finally here?
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Nanoparticle solar cells make light work
  2. November 3, 2011 - More Efficient Dyed Cells Offer Hope for Cheap Solar Windows
  3. November 4, 2011 - Sharp develops solar cell with world's highest conversion efficiency
  4. November 6, 2011 - DSC recipe brings good news to solar cell economics
Background


Resistive random access memory

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Research team has developed a fully functional flexible memory
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Nano-tech makes medicine greener
  2. November 4, 2011 - Scientists carve nanowires out of ultrananocrystalline diamond thin films
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Researchers efficiently extract photons from single semiconductor quantum dots directly into an optical fiber
  2. November 3, 2011 - No Permission for Emission
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Fusion researchers see frozen pellet tech as way to control ITER's plasma as well as fuel it
Background


Memristors

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Memristor memory could be used in wearable electronics
Background


Quantum cloning

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Not 1, not 2, not 3, but 4 clones!
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Japan computer smashes speed record
Background


Organic electronics

References:
  1. November 5, 2011 - Unique bipolar compounds enhance functionality of organic electronics
Background



Life sciences


Rejuvenation of senescent cells

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - 'Rejuvenated' stem cells coaxed from centenarian - also here
  2. November 1, 2011 - Ageing stem cells from centenarian rejuvenated
  3. November 3, 2011 - Erasing the Signs of Aging in Human Cells Is Now a Reality
Background, Background


Denisovans

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Shared genes with Neanderthal relatives not unusual - also here
  2. October 31, 2011 - Genes of extinct ancestor survive in modern humans - also here
  3. November 1, 2011 - Asians, Too, Mated With Archaic Humans, DNA Hints
Background


Horizontal gene transfer

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Nearness key in microbe DNA swaps
  2. October 31, 2011 - Bacteria may readily swap beneficial genes
  3. November 1, 2011 - Global Microbe Study Finds 'Black Market' of Superbug Genes
Background


Blood platelets and immune response

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Platelets Flag Bacteria in Mice
  2. November 8, 2011 - Blood platelets get a new job: fighting invaders
Background


Artificial proteins

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - New protein structure expands nature's repertoire of biomolecules
Background


Calorie restriction and longivity in yeast

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Live longer with fewer calories
Background, Background


Meiosis and centromeres

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Pairing up: How chromosomes find each other
Background


Cell polyploidy

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Growing without cell division
Background


Ancient bacterial enzyme

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Researchers create billion-year-old bacteria and trace its evolution
Background


Mitosis and chromosome distribution

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Scientists discover how daughter cells receive the same number of chromosomes
Background


Extension of fruit fly lifespan with a PGC-1 homolog

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Fruit fly intestine may hold secret to the fountain of youth - also here, here
Technical papers:
  1. Modulation of Longevity and Tissue Homeostasis by the Drosophila PGC-1 Homolog
Background, Background


Senescent cells and aging

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Cellular Spring Cleaning Slows Aging
  2. November 2, 2011 - Cell-Aging Hack Opens Longevity Research Frontier
  3. November 2, 2011 - Old Cells Advance Aging
  4. November 2, 2011 - Purging Cells in Mice Is Found to Combat Aging Ills
  5. November 2, 2011 - Signs of ageing halted in the lab
  6. November 2, 2011 - Axing molecular zombies may slow aging
  7. November 2, 2011 - Researchers discover tactic to delay age-related disorders
  8. November 16, 2011 - Ageing process decoded, treatments next
  9. November 21, 2011 - In Body's Shield Against Cancer, a Culprit in Aging May Lurk
Technical papers:
  1. Old cells under attack
  2. Clearance of p16Ink4a-positive senescent cells delays ageing-associated disorders
Background


Modern humans in Europe

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - New evidence for the earliest modern humans in Europe - also here
  2. November 2, 2011 - Modern Humans' First European Tour
  3. November 2, 2011 - Who were Europe's first humans?
  4. November 2, 2011 - Humans' entry into Europe pushed earlier
  5. November 2, 2011 - Humans and Neanderthals overlapped longer than thought
  6. November 2, 2011 - Homo sapiens arrived in Europe earlier than previously believed
  7. November 2, 2011 - Fossil Teeth Put Humans in Europe Earlier Than Thought
  8. November 3, 2011 - Earliest Modern Europeans Described
  9. November 3, 2011 - Modern humans raced across Europe
Background


Divergence of mouse and human genomes

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Of mice and men
Background


Alternative splicing and the Warburg effect

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Study reveals details of alternative splicing circuitry that promotes cancer's Warburg effect
Background, Background


Epigenetic centromere marking

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Chromosome centromeres are inherited epigenetically
Background, Background


Recent human evolution

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Evolution during human colonizations
Background, Background


Photosynthesis

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Biologists identify light-regulated mechanism in cyanobacteria as aid to optimizing photosynthesis
Background


Bacterial pulse regulation and stress

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Researchers find pulsating response to stress in bacteria
Background


Genetics, mitochondria, and longevity in naked mole-rats

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Scientists identify genes that may signal long life in naked mole-rats
Background, Background


Alternative lengthening of telomeres

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Alternate ending -- living on without telomerase
Technical papers:
  1. De novo assembly of a PML nuclear subcompartment occurs through multiple pathways and induces telomere elongation
Background, Background


Chromosome shape

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Shaping up for cell division
Background


Apolipoprotein

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Researchers identify structure of apolipoprotein
Background


N-terminal acetylation of proteins

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Molecule serves as a key in some protein interactions
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - More clues in the genetics of schizophrenia
  2. October 31, 2011 - Putting the body back into the mind of schizophrenia
  3. November 1, 2011 - Two unique studies indentify three genetic regions associated with schizophrenia
  4. November 1, 2011 - Most powerful genetic study of psychosis to date
  5. November 10, 2011 - Hands off and on in schizophrenia
Background


Disgust

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Disgust may be key to treating phobias, OCD
Background


Memory, learning, and tomosyn

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Nerve protein tomosyn linked to learning and memory
Background


Addiction

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Party drug's brain tricks explained for first time
Background


Endocannabinoids and eating disorders

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Do deficits in brain cannabinoids contribute to eating disorders?
Background


Memory and the hippocampus

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Hippocampus Plays Bigger Memory Role Than Previously Thought - also here, here
Background


Neural connectivity in the brain

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Study: A rich club in the human brain
  2. November 2, 2011 - The 'rich club' that rules your brain
Background


Gateway effect of nicotine in addiction

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Smoking stokes cocaine cravings
  2. November 2, 2011 - Study examines nicotine as a gateway drug
  3. November 4, 2011 - Cigarette Smoking Leads to Coke?
  4. November 5, 2011 - Nicotine Causes Epigenetic Changes in Mice that Spur Cocaine Addiction
Background


Autism

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Research reveals autistic individuals are in fact superior in multiple areas
  2. November 4, 2011 - X marks the spot -- TBL1X gene involved in autism spectrum disorder
Background


The neuro-hypophysis area, oxytocin, and hormone regulation

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Scientists reveal structure of brain area where hormones that regulate vial body processes pass into the blood
Background


Understanding of emotions

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Understanding emotions without language
Background


Creativity

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Video game playing tied to creativity
Background


Light and wakefulness

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - UCLA researchers identify brain cells responsible for keeping us awake - also here
Background


Effects of amphetamines on brain chemistry

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Adolescent amphetamine use linked to permanent changes in brain function and behavior
Background


The cerebellum, cognitive maps, and orientation

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - The cerebellum as navigation assistant: A cognitive map enables orientation
Background


Impulsiveness, GABA, and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Impulsive versus controlled men: Disinhibited brains and disinhibited behavior
Background


Language learning

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Unconscious language learning
Background, Background


Working memory and episodic memory

References:
  1. November 4, 2011 - Brain circuit helps order memories
  2. November 7, 2011 - Brain circuits connected with memory discovered
Technical papers:
  1. Entorhinal Cortex Layer III Input to the Hippocampus Is Crucial for Temporal Association Memory
Background



Health and medicine


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Researchers find molecule that prevents Type 1 diabetes in mice - also here
  2. November 2, 2011 - Animal study suggests that newborn period may be crucial time to prevent later diabetes
  3. November 2, 2011 - Age and BMI can predict likelihood of developing gestational diabetes, new research suggests
  4. November 3, 2011 - Vegetarian diet, physical activity protect against diabetes in black population, study shows
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Enzymes act like a switch, turning antibiotic resistance on and off in enterococci
Background, Background


Cognitive decline

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Neurologists identify potential biomarker of cognitive decline for earlier diagnosis of disease
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - No higher risk of breast cancer for women who don't have BRCA mutation but have relatives who do
  2. October 31, 2011 - High levels of master heat shock protein linked to poor prognosis in breast cancer patients
  3. October 31, 2011 - Computer-based tool to improve diagnosis and prognosis for cancer patients - also here, here
  4. November 1, 2011 - Low levels of alcohol consumption associated with small increased risk of breast cancer
  5. November 1, 2011 - Mutation in gene associated with rare eye disease also contributes to bladder cancer growth
  6. November 1, 2011 - Novel technique switches triple-negative breast cancer cells to hormone-receptor positive cells
  7. November 1, 2011 - Health risk from eating well-done meat may be underestimated
  8. November 1, 2011 - More radionuclide therapy is better for prostate cancer patients
  9. November 1, 2011 - Breast cancer risk: not all in the family
  10. November 1, 2011 - Light drinking linked to increased breast cancer risk
  11. November 1, 2011 - Even light drinkers increase breast cancer risk: study
  12. November 2, 2011 - Studies link depression, breast cancer outcomes
  13. November 2, 2011 - New device uses light to screen for melanoma - also here, here
  14. November 2, 2011 - Starving prostate cancer
  15. November 2, 2011 - Wave of interest in new cancer therapy
  16. November 3, 2011 - Prolonged Sitting Linked to Breast and Colon Cancers
  17. November 3, 2011 - Researchers help in search for new ways to image, therapeutically target melanoma
  18. November 3, 2011 - Radiation plus hormone therapy greatly improves survival
  19. November 3, 2011 - Too Much Sitting Raises Odds for Cancer: Study
  20. November 3, 2011 - Medivation prostate cancer drug impresses
  21. November 5, 2011 - Common bacteria cause some colon tumors by altering peroxide-producing gene
  22. November 5, 2011 - Concurrent chemo and radiation confers survival benefit in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients
  23. November 5, 2011 - Smallpox vaccine extends life in cancer trial
  24. November 6, 2011 - Microbiologists identify two molecules that kill lymphoma cells in mice
  25. November 8, 2011 - Too much sitting raises risk for cancer
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - New findings may help explain high blood pressure in pregnancy
  2. November 2, 2011 - Continuous use of nitroglycerin increases severity of heart attacks, study shows
  3. November 3, 2011 - High blood pressure may lead to missed emotional cues
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - IADR/AADR publish study on obesity link to periodontitis
  2. November 1, 2011 - Physical activity reduces the effect of the 'obesity gene'
  3. November 2, 2011 - Lifestyle changes can make a real dent in obesity
  4. November 3, 2011 - Toxins could make you fat - depending on gut bugs
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Omega-3 key in reducing diabetes and heart disease
Background, Background, Background


Organ engineering

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Organ engineering: Possibilities and challenges ahead
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - New research on improved treatment options and screening strategies for Hepatitis C
  2. November 4, 2011 - Inhibitex hep C drug shows promise, shares double
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Research confirms latitude variation in incidence of chronic digestive diseases
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 31, 2011 - Key driver of metastasis identified
  2. November 1, 2011 - Pressure limits tumour growth
  3. November 3, 2011 - Chromosomal 'breakpoints' linked to canine cancer - also here
  4. November 3, 2011 - Embryonic signal drives pancreatic cancer and offers a way to kill it
  5. November 3, 2011 - Researchers discover mechanism in brain cancer responsible for neuron death
  6. November 6, 2011 - Researchers discover genes involved in colorectal cancer
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - New drug shows promise against multiple sclerosis
  2. November 4, 2011 - Researchers make important link between active ingredient in saffron and multiple sclerosis
Background


Adiponectin

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Obesity hormone adiponectin increases the risk of osteoporosis in the elderly
Background


Beneficial effects of resveratrol for metabolism

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - First clinical trial of red wine ingredient shows metabolic shifts
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - The tangled web in Alzheimer's protein deposits is more complex than once thought
  2. November 2, 2011 - Chemical engineers help decipher mystery of neurofibrillary tangle formation in Alzheimer's brains
  3. November 5, 2011 - Nutritional intervention helps in mild Alzheimer's disease
  4. November 5, 2011 - Green tea and red laser attack Alzheimer's plaques
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Personal stem cell banks could be staple of future health care
  2. November 1, 2011 - Can stem cell boost, treadmill use improve artery disease?
  3. November 2, 2011 - 3-D long-term bone marrow culture to analyze stromal cell biological function
  4. November 3, 2011 - Reprogramming stem cells to a more basic form results in more effective transplant, study shows
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. November 1, 2011 - Abnormal oscillation in the brain causes motor deficits in Parkinson's disease
Background


Benefits of nut comsumption for metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Benefits of nut consumption for people with abdominal obesity, high blood sugar, high blood pressure
Background, Background, Background


MLK3, dementia, inflammation, and heart failure

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Scientists explore whether what heals the head can also heal the heart
Background, Background, Background


Anti-inflammatory effect of exenatide

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Exenatide (Byetta) has rapid, powerful anti-inflammatory effect, study shows
Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Ohio State researchers design a viral vector to treat a genetic form of blindness
  2. November 3, 2011 - Gene therapy shows promise as hemophilia treatment in animal studies - also here
Background


Treatment of laminopathies and premature aging with NAC

References:
  1. November 2, 2011 - Cellular repair could reduce premature aging
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Neutralizing HIV function
Background


Diet and mortality

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Thousands of lives could be saved if rest of UK adopted average diet in England
Background, Background, Background


PKM2 and cancer

References:
  1. November 3, 2011 - Survival strategy of cancer cells - also here, here, here
  2. November 4, 2011 - Shielding Cancer Cells from Damage
  3. November 6, 2011 - Metabolic protein plays unexpected role in tumor cell formation and growth - also here
Technical papers:
  1. Inhibition of Pyruvate Kinase M2 by Reactive Oxygen Species Contributes to Cellular Antioxidant Responses
  2. Nuclear PKM2 regulates β-catenin transactivation upon EGFR activation
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. November 6, 2011 - Researchers investigate link between autoimmune diseases and wounds that don't heal
Background


Parkinson's disease therapy with stem-cell-derived neurons

References:
  1. November 6, 2011 - Stem cells transformed into brain cells to treat Parkinson's disease
  2. November 7, 2011 - New Method for Making Neurons Could Lead to Parkinson's Treatment
  3. November 7, 2011 - Hope for Stem-Cell Treatment of Parkinson's
  4. November 7, 2011 - Cell-replacement therapy could lead to Parkinson's treatment
  5. November 8, 2011 - New Neurons From Stem Cells Get Us Closer to Treating Parkinson's
Background, Background


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