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Volume 11, Number 3
January 16, 2012


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Higgs boson
Dark matter map
Global warming
Circumbinary planets
APOGEE star survey
Milky Way disk history - SEGUE-2 survey
Permian-Triassic mass extinction
James Webb Space Telescope
Ocean current predictions
SETI
Star formation
Supernovae
Extrasolar planets
Galaxy evolution by incorporation of dwarf galaxies
Galaxy cluster collision
Very large early galaxy cluster - "El Gordo"
Earliest galaxy protocluster
Milky Way evolution
Low-Frequencey Array radio telescope
Limits on space-time graininess
Star-forming regions
Black holes
Stellar jets
Census of very-high-energy gamma-ray sources
Atmospheric oxygenation
Zb hadrons
Large-scale galaxy clustering
Starvation of star formation in early active galaxies
Milky Way color
Abundance of extrasolar planets
Smallest known extrasolar planets
Central black hole region of M31
Neutron stars
Type Ia supernovae
Most distant type Ia supernova
Sloan Digital Sky Survey III
Supersymmetry
Paleoclimatology
Axial tilt of planets and habiltability
Gamma-ray binaries
String theory and spatial dimensions
Coronal mass ejections
Interstellar formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Quark-gluon plasma
Naked singularities
Neutron stars
Planck observatory
Earthquakes

Technology

Carbon nanotubes
Metallic conductivity in ferroelectric materials
Graphene
Polaritons
High-speed network technology
Photovoltaics
Superconductivity
Fiber optics
Digital storage using antiferromagnetism
Optical nanoantennas
Quantum computing
Quantum dots
Metamaterials
Microfluidics
Controlled fusion

Life sciences

Telomeres and longevity
Gene enhancer switching during development
Origins of aerobic metabolism
Protein binding
Human leukocyte antigen polymorphism
Pelvic girdles
Inositol signaling and histone deacetylase enzymes
Proteasomes
Exercise-related hormone and fat metabolism
Evolution of CTCF gene regulation
Energy source for Hsp90
Genome-wide association studies
Endosymbiosis

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Effects of iron deficiency on myelin
Autism
Face perception
Disruption of circadian rhythm and neurodegeneration
Schizophrenia
Effects of alcohol in the brain
Brain-imaging studies
3D perception
Histone deacetylase modulation of cocaine response
Categorization

Health and medicine

Psoriasis
Cancer
Cancer biology
Nanobiotechnology
Diabetes
Cardiovascular disease
Parkinson's disease
AIDS
Obesity
Hepatitis C
Multiple sclerosis
Alzheimer's disease
Stem cell therapy for diabetes
Autoimmune disease
Low-glycemic diet and C-reactive protein
Sepsis
Stem cells
Malaria
Drug-resistant tuberculosis
Killer T cells and type 1 diabetes



Physical sciences


Higgs boson

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Hints of the Higgs heighten anticipation
Background


Dark matter map

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Clearest Picture Yet of Dark Matter Points the Way to Better Understanding of Dark Energy - also here, here, here
  2. January 9, 2012 - Astronomers reach new frontiers of dark matter - also here
  3. January 9, 2012 - Astronomers reach new frontiers of dark matter - also here, here
  4. January 9, 2012 - A Guide to the Dark Side
  5. January 9, 2012 - Large-scale map of dark matter reveals intricate cosmic web
  6. January 9, 2012 - Biggest Map Yet of Universe's Invisible Dark Matter Unveiled - also here
  7. January 9, 2012 - Mapping dark matter from galactic ripples
  8. January 9, 2012 - Astronomers map the universe's dark matter at unprecedented scale
  9. January 9, 2012 - Dark matter hints in widest-yet view of dark mystery
  10. January 10, 2012 - Biggest map of dark matter in universe created
  11. January 10, 2012 - Vast web of dark matter mapped
  12. January 10, 2012 - New Maps of Dark Matter
  13. January 10, 2012 - New maps of the cosmic dark
  14. January 10, 2012 - Mapping the large scale structure of dark matter
  15. January 11, 2012 - Three new maps shine light on dark matter
  16. January 12, 2012 - Largest dark matter map holds clues to dark energy
  17. January 20, 2012 - Astronomers reach new frontiers of dark matter
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Carbon emissions 'will defer Ice Age'
  2. January 10, 2012 - Global Warming May Have Delayed the Next Ice Age
  3. January 11, 2012 - Ice age unlikely to occur this millennium
  4. January 11, 2012 - EPA: Power plants top source of gases blamed for climate change
  5. January 12, 2012 - Global Warming May Trigger Winter Cooling
  6. January 12, 2012 - Small efforts to reduce methane, soot could have big effect
  7. January 12, 2012 - How to Buy Time in the Fight against Climate Change: Mobilize to Stop Soot and Methane
  8. January 12, 2012 - Cut back on soot, methane to slow warming: study
  9. January 13, 2012 - New study urges smart targeting of pollution sources to save lives and climate
  10. January 17, 2012 - Pollutants key to climate fix
Background


Circumbinary planets

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - "Tatooine" Planet With Two Suns Could Host Habitable Moon?
  2. January 9, 2012 - Scientists searching for Earth-type planets should consider two-star system, researchers say
  3. January 9, 2012 - Alien Earths Could Have 2 Suns Like 'Star Wars'' Tatooine
  4. January 11, 2012 - Tatooine-like planets may be common
  5. January 11, 2012 - Discovery Creates New Class of Planetary Systems
  6. January 11, 2012 - Kepler Finds More Planets Orbiting Two Stars
  7. January 11, 2012 - Two Planets With Twin Stars Found
  8. January 11, 2012 - New 'Star Wars'-Like Planets with 2 Suns Found - also here
  9. January 11, 2012 - SDSU finds planets like Star Wars' Tatooine
  10. January 11, 2012 - Tons of Tatooines: Planets With Two Suns Common?
  11. January 11, 2012 - Astronomers find two new planets orbiting double suns
  12. January 11, 2012 - Planets discovered with double Sun-like stars
  13. January 11, 2012 - Planets with Double Suns are Common
  14. January 13, 2012 - Is the Universe Riddled With "Tatooine Planets?"
Background


APOGEE star survey

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - New instrument peers through the heart of the Milky Way
  2. January 9, 2012 - Revolutionary new survey to take Milky Way census
Background


Milky Way disk history - SEGUE-2 survey

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Not all who wander are lost
  2. January 10, 2012 - Milky Way Galaxy's Past Revealed Through New Star Census
  3. January 11, 2012 - The Milky Way's stray stars
Background


Permian-Triassic mass extinction

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Could Siberian volcanism have caused the Earth's largest extinction event?
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - James Webb Space Telescope: A year of achievement and success
Background


Ocean current predictions

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Researchers can predict Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
Background


SETI

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Analysis of the First Kepler SETI Observations
  2. January 9, 2012 - Search for Intelligent Extraterrestrials Targets Known Alien Planets
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - A universal law for star formation
  2. January 10, 2012 - Herschel and Spitzer see nearby galaxies' stardust
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - New Supernova in Leo
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Hidden Alien Planets Revealed in Old Hubble Telescope Data
  2. January 10, 2012 - AAS Dispatch: Proposed Space Mission Would Probe Alien Atmospheres
  3. January 11, 2012 - Scientists discover a Saturn-like ring system eclipsing a sun-like star
  4. January 11, 2012 - Saturn-like rings circle alien world
  5. January 12, 2012 - Amazing planets: mini solar system, 'Star Wars' lookalike among new finds
  6. January 12, 2012 - 'Saturn on Steroids': 1st Ringed Planet Beyond Solar System Possibly Found
  7. January 12, 2012 - Smallest Alien Planets, Real-Life 'Tatooines' Highlight Huge Week of Exoplanet Finds
  8. January 14, 2012 - Say Hello to the 'Oozing' Exoplanet
Background


Galaxy evolution by incorporation of dwarf galaxies

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Hubble Study Challenges 'Cosmic Fireworks' as Largest Driver of Galaxy Evolution
Technical papers:
  1. Insights on the Formation, Evolution, and Activity of Massive Galaxies From Ultra-Compact and Disky Galaxies at z=2-3 - also here
Background


Galaxy cluster collision

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - When galaxy clusters collide - also here, here, here, here
Technical papers:
  1. Discovery of a Dissociative Galaxy Cluster Merger with Large Physical Separation
Background


Very large early galaxy cluster - "El Gordo"

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - NASA's Chandra Finds Largest Galaxy Cluster in Early Universe - also here
  2. January 10, 2012 - El Gordo - A 'Fat' Distant Galaxy Cluster
  3. January 10, 2012 - When Galaxies Crash
  4. January 10, 2012 - Massive Galaxy Cluster Caught in Midst of Violent Merger
  5. January 10, 2012 - Rutgers-led Study Finds Largest Galaxy Cluster in Early Universe using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory
  6. January 10, 2012 - Monster Galaxy Cluster 'El Gordo' Packs Mass of 2 Quadrillion Suns
  7. January 10, 2012 - 'El Gordo' is largest distant galaxy cluster ever seen
  8. January 11, 2012 - A fat galaxy cluster found faraway
Technical papers:
  1. The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: ACT-CL J0102-4915 "El Gordo," a Massive Merging Cluster at Redshift 0.87
Background


Earliest galaxy protocluster

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Hubble Pinpoints Furthest Protocluster of Galaxies Ever Seen - also here, here
  2. January 10, 2012 - Hubble Pinpoints Farthest Protocluster of Galaxies Ever Seen
  3. January 10, 2012 - CU-led study pinpoints farthest developing galaxy cluster ever found
  4. January 10, 2012 - Primordial Galaxy Cluster is Farthest Ever Seen
  5. January 10, 2012 - CU-Boulder finds farthest galaxy cluster ever seen
  6. January 10, 2012 - Hubble shows images from record-breaking 13.1 billion light-years
  7. January 12, 2012 - Hubble spies earliest galaxy cluster ever seen
Technical papers:
  1. Overdensities of Y-dropout Galaxies from the Brightest-of-Reionizing Galaxies Survey: A Candidate Protocluster at Redshift z≈8
Background, Background


Milky Way evolution

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Milky Way Galaxy's Past Revealed Through New Star Census
Background


Low-Frequencey Array radio telescope

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Radio array starts work
  2. January 10, 2012 - New Telescope Captures Supermassive Black Hole
Background


Limits on space-time graininess

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Cosmic race ends in a tie
  2. January 11, 2012 - Physics team finds new constraints on how lumpy space-time can be
Technical papers:
  1. Bounds on Spectral Dispersion from Fermi-detected Gamma Ray Bursts
Background, Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Cradles in a Stellar Nursery
  2. January 10, 2012 - Stars pop onto the scene in new WISE image
  3. January 10, 2012 - New star cluster W3A images captured by SOFIA observatory
  4. January 10, 2012 - New image shows space nursery - also here
  5. January 13, 2012 - Birthing Grounds
  6. January 13, 2012 - Masked Royalty
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Black Hole Fires Cosmic Bullets
  2. January 10, 2012 - Black Hole Caught Pulling Trigger on Gas "Bullets"
  3. January 10, 2012 - VLBA, RXTE team up to pinpoint black hole's outburst
  4. January 12, 2012 - Black hole 'bullets' may shed light on galaxy jets
  5. January 12, 2012 - Black Hole Shoots Bullets
  6. January 13, 2012 - Black Hole Fires Gas 'Bullets' Into Space
Background


Stellar jets

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Biggest star jet found in neighbouring galaxy
Background


Census of very-high-energy gamma-ray sources

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - NASA's Fermi Space Telescope Explores New Energy Extremes - also here
  2. January 16, 2012 - NASA's Fermi reveals new portrait of the sky
Background


Atmospheric oxygenation

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Researchers identify molecular 'culprit' in rise of planetary oxygen
Background


Zb hadrons

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Belle discovers new heavy 'exotic hadrons' - also here
Background


Large-scale galaxy clustering

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Calculating What's in the Universe from the Biggest Color 3-D Map
  2. February 1, 2012 - Calculating the Universe - also here
Technical papers:
  1. Clustering of Sloan Digital Sky Survey III Photometric Luminous Galaxies: The Measurement, Systematics and Cosmological Implications
Background, Background


Starvation of star formation in early active galaxies

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - ALMA Early Science Result Reveals Starving Galaxies - also here, here, here, here, here
  2. January 13, 2012 - Starving galaxies shut down star formation
  3. January 16, 2012 - Does Starburst Activity Starve Galaxies of Gas?
Background, Background, Background


Milky Way color

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Astronomers determine color of the Milky Way Galaxy - also here, here
  2. January 11, 2012 - What Color is the Milky Way? White as Snow (not Milk)
  3. January 11, 2012 - Color of Milky Way? Red, Bright and Blue
  4. January 12, 2012 - Astronomers have deduced the true color of the Milky Way Galaxy
  5. January 12, 2012 - Astronomers weigh in on Milky Way's true colours
  6. January 16, 2012 - What colour is the Milky Way?
Background


Abundance of extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - On Average, Every Star Has At Least One Planet, New Analysis Shows
  2. January 11, 2012 - 160 Billion Alien Planets May Exist in Our Milky Way Galaxy
  3. January 11, 2012 - Milky Way Galaxy Shown to Be Teeming With Planets
  4. January 11, 2012 - Galactic Search Finds Exoplanets Are More Commonplace Than Stars
  5. January 11, 2012 - Planets as common as stars in Milky Way
  6. January 11, 2012 - A wealth of habitable planets in the Milky Way
  7. January 11, 2012 - Planets around stars are the rule
  8. January 11, 2012 - Planet Population is Plentiful
  9. January 11, 2012 - Astronomers: Most stars in galaxy have planets - also here
  10. January 11, 2012 - Milky Way brims with planets
  11. January 12, 2012 - In the Milky Way, There Are As Many Planets As Stars
  12. January 12, 2012 - Milky Way is a treasure trove of habitable planets
  13. January 12, 2012 - An Otherworldly Discovery: Billions of Other Planets
  14. January 12, 2012 - Planets aplenty reported by astronomers
  15. January 12, 2012 - Planets around stars are the rule rather than the exception
  16. January 12, 2012 - The Milky Way contains at least 100 billion planets according to survey
  17. January 12, 2012 - Survey suggests billions of planets in galaxy
  18. January 12, 2012 - An Otherworldly Discovery: Billions of Other Planets
  19. February 6, 2012 - Microlensing search for planets
Technical papers:
  1. One or more bound planets per Milky Way star from microlensing observations
Background


Smallest known extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Three tiny exoplanets suggest Solar System not so special - also here
  2. January 11, 2012 - Kepler Spies Smallest Alien Worlds Yet
  3. January 11, 2012 - 3 Rocky Worlds are Smallest Exoplanets Found to Date
  4. January 11, 2012 - Smallest Exoplanets Found - Each Tinier Than Earth
  5. January 11, 2012 - Discovery of three smallest exoplanets: The Barnard's star connection
  6. January 11, 2012 - 3 Alien Planets Smaller Than Earth Found
  7. January 11, 2012 - Mars-sized planet orbits red dwarf star
  8. January 11, 2012 - Alien Mars Announced
  9. January 12, 2012 - Smallest exoplanet is the size of Mars
  10. January 13, 2012 - Kepler discovers tiny solar system - also here
Background


Central black hole region of M31

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - These Stars Were Born to Be Wild
  2. January 11, 2012 - Hubble zooms in on double nucleus in Andromeda galaxy
  3. January 11, 2012 - Rare ultra-blue stars found in neighboring galaxy's hub
  4. January 13, 2012 - Surprising stars in the Andromeda Galaxy
Background, Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Neutron stars might shed their skins before colliding
Background


Type Ia supernovae

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Origin of thermonuclear supernova discovered
  2. January 11, 2012 - Earliest-yet observation of August SN2011fe supernova nails it: Destroyed star was white dwarf
  3. January 11, 2012 - Mystery of 400-Year-Old Star Explosion Finally Solved
  4. January 11, 2012 - White dwarfs eaten in supernova flare-up
  5. January 12, 2012 - Missing companion star indicates a Type Ia supernova came from merging dwarfs
  6. January 12, 2012 - The center of the Type Ia supernova remnant SNR 0509-67.5 is empty of any ex-companion star to MV=+8.4
  7. January 13, 2012 - Astronomers pinpoint what feeds a type of stellar explosion
  8. January 13, 2012 - Hubble Bubble
  9. January 14, 2012 - Supernova traced to collision of white dwarf stars
  10. January 18, 2012 - Hubble solves mystery of supernova source
Background


Most distant type Ia supernova

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Hubble breaks new ground with discovery of distant exploding star
  2. January 12, 2012 - Ancient Star Explosion is Most Distant of Its Kind
Background


Sloan Digital Sky Survey III

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Calculating what's in the universe from the biggest color 3-D map
  2. January 13, 2012 - New map of the universe reveals its history for the past six-billion years
Background


Supersymmetry

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Research team predicts the next big thing in the world of particle physics: supersymmetry
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Researcher confirms that axis shifts help to propel temperature changes
Background


Axial tilt of planets and habiltability

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Loss of planetary tilt could doom alien life
Background


Gamma-ray binaries

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Rare Gamma-Ray Star Twins Discovered by New Method
  2. January 13, 2012 - Binary star system found by following gamma-ray signal
  3. January 13, 2012 - Rare multiple star system discovered
Background, Background, Background


String theory and spatial dimensions

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - String theorists squeeze nine dimensions into three
Background, Background


Coronal mass ejections

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Round the Bend
Background


Interstellar formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Researchers discover novel chemical route to form organic molecules
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Copper collisions create much strangeness
Background


Naked singularities

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Naked black-hole hearts live in the fifth dimension
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Glimpse elusive matter in shattering star
Background


Planck observatory

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Super-cool Planck mission begins to warm
  2. January 16, 2012 - Planck's HFI completes its survey of early Universe
  3. January 16, 2012 - Europe's 'Big Bang' observatory completes cosmic survey
  4. January 16, 2012 - European Probe Finishes Mapping Big Bang's Echo
  5. January 17, 2012 - Planck instrument loses its cool
  6. January 17, 2012 - Death by helium for cosmos-mapping Planck observatory
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. January 15, 2012 - Rare Caterpillar-like Horizontal Earthquake Discovered
Background



Technology


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Scientists solve mystery of colorful armchair nanotubes
Background


Metallic conductivity in ferroelectric materials

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Experiments prove nanoscale metallic conductivity in ferroelectrics
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Findings on modified form of graphene could have impacts in managing heat dissipation
  2. January 11, 2012 - Theorists quantify the friction of graphene
  3. January 12, 2012 - Graphene quantum dots: The next big small thing
  4. January 12, 2012 - Hydrogen advances graphene use
Background


Polaritons

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Seeing quantum mechanics with the naked eye
Background


High-speed network technology

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - NEC demonstrates first terabit/s superchannel transmission over 10,000km
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Engineering slimmer solar cells
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Rice's 'quantum critical' theory gets experimental boost
Background


Fiber optics

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Optical-fiber microcavities reach angstrom-scale precision
Background


Digital storage using antiferromagnetism

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - The world's smallest magnetic data storage unit
  2. January 12, 2012 - Smallest magnetic memory uses just 12 atoms
  3. January 12, 2012 - New Storage Device Is Very Small, at 12 Atoms
  4. January 13, 2012 - A dozen atoms enough to store a bit - provided they're kept near absolute zero
  5. January 13, 2012 - Team build world's smallest hard drive
  6. January 15, 2012 - Shrinking magnetic storage devices
Background


Optical nanoantennas

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Optical nanoantennas enable efficient multipurpose particle manipulation
Background, Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Researchers conduct experimental implementation of quantum algorithm
  2. January 12, 2012 - Choreographing dance of electrons offers promise in pursuit of quantum computers
  3. January 12, 2012 - The Largest-Ever Quantum Calculation Uses 84 Qubits and Takes Just 270 Milliseconds
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Tiny quantum dots hold promise for future source of lighting
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Invisibility cloak gives sound performance
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - New silicon probe assists in disease diagnostics and drug discovery
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - One step closer to controlling nuclear fusion
Background



Life sciences


Telomeres and longevity

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Telomere length in birds predicts longevity
  2. January 9, 2012 - Chromosome Caps Predict Life Span in Birds
  3. January 9, 2012 - Glasgow scientists say telomeres indicate life length
  4. January 10, 2012 - Telomere length in young zebra finches predicts lifespan
  5. January 13, 2012 - Telomeres Linked to Lifespan
  6. February 20, 2012 - Telling tails: telomere length in early life predicts lifespan
Technical papers:
  1. Telomere length in early life predicts lifespan
Background


Gene enhancer switching during development

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Tracking genes' remote controls
Background, Background


Origins of aerobic metabolism

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - The First Oxygen Users?
Background


Protein binding

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Scientists paint new picture of dance between protein and binding partners
Background


Human leukocyte antigen polymorphism

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Diseases and sex: The cocktail maintaining immune gene variation
Background, Background


Pelvic girdles

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - New study showing pelvic girdles arose before the origin of movable jaws
Background


Inositol signaling and histone deacetylase enzymes

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Unexpected discovery opens up new opportunities for targeting cancer
Background


Proteasomes

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - New Information on the Waste-Disposal Units of Living Cells - also here
Background


Exercise-related hormone and fat metabolism

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Scientists isolate protein linking exercise to health benefits
  2. January 11, 2012 - Hormone can mimic effects of a good workout
Background


Evolution of CTCF gene regulation

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Study provides new insights into an ancient mechanism of mammalian evolution
Background, Background


Energy source for Hsp90

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Energy-saving chaperon Hsp90
Background


Genome-wide association studies

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - New international research defends genome-wide association studies
Background


Endosymbiosis

References:
  1. January 13, 2012 - Unique life form is half plant, half animal
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Effects of iron deficiency on myelin

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Brain imaging and gene analyses in twins reveal that white matter integrity is linked to an iron homeostasis gene
Background


Autism

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Bacteria in the gut of autistic children different from non-autistic children
Background


Face perception

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - How does our brain know what is a face and what's not? - also here
  2. January 10, 2012 - How the brain spots faces - also here
  3. January 13, 2012 - I recognize you! But how did I do it?
Background, Background


Disruption of circadian rhythm and neurodegeneration

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Disruption of biological clocks causes neurodegeneration, early death
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Study links brain activity to delusion-like experience
Background


Effects of alcohol in the brain

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Morphinelike chemicals released in both heavy and moderate drinkers
  2. January 11, 2012 - Study offers clue as to why alcohol is addicting: Drinking releases brain endorphins
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Internet addiction disorder characterized by abnormal white matter integrity
  2. January 12, 2012 - How the brain routes traffic for maximum alertness
Background


3D perception

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - How the brain computes 3D structures
Background


Histone deacetylase modulation of cocaine response

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - How the brain puts the brakes on the negative impact of cocaine
Background


Categorization

References:
  1. January 15, 2012 - Where categories live in the brain
Background



Health and medicine


Psoriasis

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Treatment of psoriasis gets new hope - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Breakthrough in Early Cancer Detection
  2. January 9, 2012 - Towards more effective treatment for multiple myeloma
  3. January 9, 2012 - Sensitive detection method analyzes circulating tumor cells in patients with lung cancer
  4. January 9, 2012 - Genetic composition of multicentric lung tumors appears to be similar
  5. January 9, 2012 - Estrogen-targeting drug combo may help prevent lung cancer
  6. January 9, 2012 - SWI/SNF protein complex plays role in suppressing pancreatic tumors: study
  7. January 9, 2012 - Personalized gene therapies may increase survival in brain cancer patients
  8. January 9, 2012 - Obesity and cancer screening: Do race and gender also play a role?
  9. January 9, 2012 - Immune cell can trigger skin cancer caused by toxins
  10. January 10, 2012 - New study helps predict which lung cancer drugs are most likely to work
  11. January 10, 2012 - Tapping the body's own defenses, researchers look to cutting-edge gene therapy for bladder cancer
  12. January 10, 2012 - Breakthrough in early cancer detection
  13. January 10, 2012 - Sorafenib effective in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, but low survival rates reported
  14. January 11, 2012 - Has prostate cancer found its BRCA?
  15. January 11, 2012 - Study finds first major genetic mutation associated with hereditary prostate cancer risk
  16. January 11, 2012 - ISG15: A novel therapeutic target to slow breast cancer cell motility
  17. January 11, 2012 - Cancer sequencing project identifies potential approaches to combat aggressive leukemia
  18. January 11, 2012 - Gene identified as a new target for treatment of aggressive childhood eye tumor
  19. January 11, 2012 - Chemotherapy may influence leukemia relapse: research
  20. January 11, 2012 - Cancer Research UK launches 'outpatients' trial of breast and ovarian cancer drug
  21. January 11, 2012 - Precancer markers identified in airway epithelium cells of healthy smokers
  22. January 11, 2012 - Ganetespib showed activity in KRAS-mutant NSCLC as monotherapy and in combinations
  23. January 12, 2012 - Study finds chlorophyll can help prevent cancer - but questions traditional research methods
  24. January 12, 2012 - Cabazitaxel with radiation and hormone therapy may improve prostate cancer survival
  25. January 12, 2012 - Researchers find new, noninvasive way to identify lymph node metastasis
  26. January 12, 2012 - New culprit discovered in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  27. January 12, 2012 - Selectively stopping glutathione sensitizes brain tumors to chemotherapy
  28. January 12, 2012 - Seeing what's inside a tumor
  29. January 13, 2012 - Faulty proteins may prove significant in identifying new treatments for ovarian cancer
  30. January 13, 2012 - Researchers identify possible receptor for key breast cancer regulator
  31. January 13, 2012 - Processed meat may increase pancreatic cancer risk
  32. January 13, 2012 - Predicting the value of indexing symptoms for ovarian cancer
  33. January 15, 2012 - Researchers use sugar to halt esophageal cancer in its tracks
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Researchers map potential genetic origins, pathways of lung cancer in nonsmokers
  2. January 10, 2012 - Cancer cells feed on sugar-free diet
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Nanotechnology researchers develop new strategy to deliver chemotherapy to prostate cancer cells
  2. January 9, 2012 - In the brain, 'ORMOSIL' nanoparticles hold promise as a potential vehicle for drug delivery
  3. January 12, 2012 - New 'smart' nanotherapeutics can deliver drugs directly to the pancreas
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Statin use in postmenopausal women associated with increased diabetes risk
  2. January 9, 2012 - Study: Statins linked with small diabetes risk
  3. January 9, 2012 - Insulin therapy may help repair atherosclerotic lesions in diabetic patients
  4. January 11, 2012 - Why coffee drinking reduces the risk of Type 2 diabetes
  5. January 12, 2012 - Researchers identify pivotal immune cell in Type 1 diabetes in humans
  6. January 15, 2012 - Scientists shed new light on link between 'killer cells' and diabetes
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Grief over losing loved one linked to higher heart attack risks
  2. January 9, 2012 - Heart Attack Risks Soar for Grieving Loved Ones
  3. January 9, 2012 - Researchers find unique protein organization in arteries associated with cardiovascular disease
  4. January 9, 2012 - Researchers discover new culprit in atherosclerosis
  5. January 9, 2012 - For those with diabetes, controlling blood pressure is crucial, but not urgent
  6. January 10, 2012 - Study evaluates blood potassium levels after heart attack and risk of in-hospital mortality
  7. January 11, 2012 - Atrial arrhythmias detected by pacemakers increase risk of stroke
  8. January 11, 2012 - Study clarifies link between salt and hypertension
  9. January 11, 2012 - Global study sheds light on role of exercise, cars and televisions on the risk of heart attacks
  10. January 13, 2012 - The microbiome and disease: Gut bacteria influence the severity of heart attacks in rats
  11. January 13, 2012 - Finding the silent killer -- a biomarker test for atherosclerosis
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - New study supports view that Lewy bodies are not the primary cause of cell death in Parkinson's Disease
  2. January 11, 2012 - Parkinson's treatment shows positive results in clinical testing
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. January 9, 2012 - Drug to treat HIV in children shows promise via national study
  2. January 12, 2012 - Viral load a major factor affecting risk of sexually transmitting HIV
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Gut hormone leads to weight loss in overweight or obese patients
  2. January 10, 2012 - Gut microbe networks differ from norm in obese people, systems biology approach reveals
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - New fibrosis classification improves accuracy of diagnosis in hepatitis C
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Multiple sclerosis research links brain activity to sharper cognitive decline
  2. January 14, 2012 - MS damage washed away by stream of young blood
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Protein changes identified in early-onset Alzheimer's
  2. January 11, 2012 - Advance toward an imaging agent for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease
  3. January 11, 2012 - Treatment with light benefits Alzheimer's patients, study finds
  4. January 12, 2012 - Active compounds against Alzheimer's disease
  5. January 12, 2012 - Brain region can signal early-stage Alzheimer's and other dementias
  6. January 13, 2012 - Early Signs of Alzheimer's
Background


Stem cell therapy for diabetes

References:
  1. January 10, 2012 - Stem cell therapy reverses diabetes
Background, Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Genetic mutation leads to cold allergy, immune deficiency and autoimmunity
  2. January 13, 2012 - Study shows 32 million Americans have autoantibodies that target their own tissues
Background


Low-glycemic diet and C-reactive protein

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - A diet rich in slowly digested carbs reduces markers of inflammation in overweight and obese adults
Background, Background


Sepsis

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Late-stage sepsis suppresses immune system
  2. January 12, 2012 - Surprising Cells Stymie Sepsis
  3. January 12, 2012 - Newly identified type of immune cell may be important protector against sepsis
Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 11, 2012 - Stem cell injection improves aging cells in mice
  2. January 12, 2012 - Scientists learn how stem cell implants help heal traumatic brain injury
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Researchers locate protein that could 'turn off' deadly disease carrier
Background


Drug-resistant tuberculosis

References:
  1. January 12, 2012 - Totally drug-resistant TB at large in India
  2. January 13, 2012 - Totally drug-resistant TB emerges in India
  3. January 16, 2012 - Killer TB Hits India
  4. January 16, 2012 - India reports new TB strain resistant to all drugs
Background, Background


Killer T cells and type 1 diabetes

References:
  1. January 15, 2012 - 'Killer cells' and diabetes
Background, Background


Copyright © 2012 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved