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Volume 11, Number 4
January 23, 2012


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Quantum nonlocality and CP violation
Star-forming regions
Extrasolar planets
Black hole jets
Earthquakes
Extrastellar planets
Paleoclimatology
Quark-gluon plasma
Quantum uncertainty principle
Universe large-scale structure modeling
Climate modeling
Super-giant molecular complexes
Very distant dwarf galaxy
Superfluids
Global warming
Earth's mantle
K-T mass extinction
Protoplanetary disks
Quantum gravity
Dark flow
Gravitational waves
Global warming and methane release
Ocean acidification

Technology

Supercomputing
Graphene
Microelectromechanical systems
Artificial intelligence
Carbon nanotubes
Spintronics
Controlled fusion
Nanotechnology
Quantum computing
Superconductivity
Photovoltaics
Quantum dots
Terahertz technology
Neural network for approximate number sense
DNA nanotechnology

Life sciences

Development of multicellularity in yeast
Telomeres and osteoarthritis
Neanderthals
Extremophiles
Decompacting DNA for transcription
Smooth muscle cells from stem cells
Siphusauctum gregarium
Autophagy and health benefits of exercise
Genetic influences on longevity
3D genetics
DNA enzymes
Origins of life
Neutrophils
Non-coding RNA and neurodegeneration
Memory T cells
Protein aggregation and cell aging
Epigenetics
Alcohol and longevity in C. elegans
Mathematical modeling of animal fat storage
Anti-cancer activity of NK cells
Protein folding
Origins of aerobic respiration
Innate response activator B-cells

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Canine impulse control
Brain-imaging studies
Sleep and memory
Color perceptions
Genetic influence on cognitive stability
Behavioral priming
GABA neurons and prediction error
Sleep deprivation and appetite
Stress, cortisol, and obesity
Language and ambiguity
Autism
Visual food cues and ghrelin levels
Brain influence on allergic response
Schizophrenia

Health and medicine

Cancer
Parkinson's disease
Autoimmune disease
Prions
Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Hepatitis C
Diabetes
Stem cells
Multiple sclerosis
Cancer biology
Malaria
Nanobiotechnology
Avian flu
Sleep problems and metabolic disease
Obesity
Vaccines



Physical sciences


Quantum nonlocality and CP violation

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - 'Spooky action at distance' in particle physics?
Background, Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - 'Proplyd-like' objects discovered in Cygnus OB2
  2. January 17, 2012 - Incredible New View of Eagle Nebula's 'Pillars of Creation'
  3. January 17, 2012 - Eagle Nebula: A new view of an icon 2012 - also here
  4. January 17, 2012 - Space Bubbles Offer Glimpse at Our Sun's Evolution
  5. January 17, 2012 - Herschel telescope revisits cosmic classic
  6. January 18, 2012 - Herschel revisits Pillars of Creation
  7. January 20, 2012 - Pelican Perch
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Goldilocks moons
  2. January 16, 2012 - Re-thinking an alien world
  3. January 20, 2012 - Planets, planets everywhere: But researcher says finding life on these new discoveries is challenging
  4. January 20, 2012 - Weird World! 'Oozing' Alien Planet Is a Super-Earth Wonder
  5. January 20, 2012 - An Evaporating Exoplanet?
  6. January 20, 2012 - Amateur stargazers discover new planet
  7. January 20, 2012 - First subliming planet foreshadows Mercury's fate
Background


Black hole jets

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Black hole jets
  2. January 16, 2012 - Exploring space burps
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - New research shows 1992 earthquake in Pakistan was due to rare horizontal shift
Background


Extrastellar planets

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Why So Many Homeless Planets?
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Evidence of past Southern hemisphere rainfall cycles related to Antarctic temperatures
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - The perfect liquid -- now even more perfect
Background


Quantum uncertainty principle

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - New measurements deepen understanding of quantum uncertainty
  2. January 20, 2012 - Neutrons revive Heisenberg's first take on uncertainty
  3. February 25, 2012 - New Uncertainty About the Uncertainty Principle
Background


Universe large-scale structure modeling

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Decoding cosmological data could shed light on neutrinos, modified gravity
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Predicting Arctic sea ice loss
  2. January 17, 2012 - New model finds climate change could expose North America, East Asia and the Caribbean to costly hurricane damage
  3. January 18, 2012 - Climate and the statistics of extremes
Background


Super-giant molecular complexes

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - The Structure of Molecular Gas in the Antennae Galaxies
Background, Background


Very distant dwarf galaxy

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Most Distant Dwarf Galaxy Detected
  2. January 18, 2012 - How to spot a dark-matter galaxy
  3. January 18, 2012 - Faint 'satellite galaxy' discovered - also here
  4. January 18, 2012 - Tiny Invisible Galaxy May Be Made Completely of Dark Matter
  5. January 19, 2012 - Cataract in a gravitational lens may be a tiny galaxy
  6. January 19, 2012 - Astronomers find dark matter galaxy far, far away
Technical papers:
  1. Gravitational detection of a low-mass dark satellite galaxy at cosmological distance
Background, Background


Superfluids

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Watching a gas turn superfluid
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - NASA finds 2011 ninth-warmest year on record
  2. January 19, 2012 - World not quite as hot in 2011; ranks 11th warmest
Background


Earth's mantle

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Electric Material in Mantle Could Explain Earth's Rotation
  2. January 20, 2012 - Part of Earth's mantle shown to be conductive under high pressure and temperatures
Background


K-T mass extinction

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Not by asteroid alone: Rethinking the Cretaceous mass extinction
Background


Protoplanetary disks

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Gaseous ring around young star raises questions - also here
  2. January 24, 2012 - Young magnetic star sports carbon monoxide ring
Background


Quantum gravity

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Gravity Finds a New Partner
Background


Dark flow

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Unknown "Structures" Not Tugging on the Universe After All?
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Canceled Laser Space Antenna May Still Fly
Background


Global warming and methane release

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Thawing tundra a new climate threat
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. January 22, 2012 - Unprecedented, man-made trends in ocean's acidity
Background, Background



Technology


Supercomputing

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - PNNL's Olympus supercomputer advances science, saves energy
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Flaky graphene makes reliable chemical sensors
Background


Microelectromechanical systems

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - New microtweezers may build tiny 'MEMS' structures
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - A new artificial intelligence technique to speed the planning of tasks when resources are limited
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Nanotube bundles could boost solar cells
  2. January 19, 2012 - British team devises method for separating carbon nanotubes cheaply
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Spins Jump Another Threshold
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - NSTX project will produce world's most powerful spherical torus
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - IBM scientists create the smallest 3D map of planet Earth
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Quantum mechanics enables perfectly secure cloud computing
  2. January 19, 2012 - First secure quantum computer is blind to its own bits
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - World's longest superconductor cable
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - In solar cells, tweaking the tiniest of parts yields big jump in efficiency
  2. January 20, 2012 - Scientists design solar cells that exceed the conventional light-trapping limit
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Biocompatible quantum dot images tumors in live animals
Background


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - T-rays technology could help develop star trek-style hand-held medical scanners
Background


Neural network for approximate number sense

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Neural network gets an idea of number without counting
  2. January 23, 2012 - Neural network learns to identify group sizes without knowledge of numbers
Background


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 22, 2012 - DNA motor programmed to navigate a network of tracks
Background



Life sciences


Development of multicellularity in yeast

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Yeast suggests speedy start for multicellular life
  2. January 16, 2012 - Evolving Multicellularity
  3. January 16, 2012 - Biologists Replicate Key Evolutionary Step in Life on Earth - also here
  4. January 16, 2012 - Test Tube Yeast Evolve Multicellularity
  5. January 16, 2012 - Yeast Experiment Hints at a Faster Evolution From Single Cells
  6. January 17, 2012 - University of Minnesota biologists replicate key evolutionary step
  7. January 17, 2012 - Multicellular Life Evolves in Laboratory
  8. January 18, 2012 - Researchers evolve a multicellular yeast in the lab in 2 months
Background


Telomeres and osteoarthritis

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Ultra short telomeres linked to osteoarthritis - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Archaeologists find clues to Neanderthal extinction
  2. January 18, 2012 - Neanderthal lives led to languages?
  3. January 19, 2012 - Cracking Open the Neanderthal Personality
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Permafrost bacteria may slow down ageing: scientists
  2. January 18, 2012 - Permafrost bacteria may slow down ageing
  3. January 19, 2012 - Hardy bacteria help make case for life in the extreme
Background


Decompacting DNA for transcription

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Study uncovers how DNA unfolds for transcription
Background


Smooth muscle cells from stem cells

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Smooth muscle cells created from patients' skin cells
Background


Siphusauctum gregarium

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Unusual 'Tulip' Creature Discovered: Lived in the Ocean More Than 500 Million Years Ago - also here
  2. January 20, 2012 - Ancient Tulip-like Creatures Discovered in the Burgess Shale
  3. January 24, 2012 - Tulip-Shaped Creature Found in Canadian Rockies
Background


Autophagy and health benefits of exercise

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Autophagy, the cell's recycling system, may be responsible for the health benefits of exercise
  2. January 18, 2012 - Exercise triggers beneficial cellular recycling: study
  3. January 18, 2012 - Cell recycling makes exercise good for you
  4. January 21, 2012 - Just why exercise is so good for people is, at last, being understood
Background, Background


Genetic influences on longevity

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Researchers identify genetic signatures of exceptional longevity in re-published study
  2. January 20, 2012 - Long Life Is Still (Somewhat) in Your Genes
  3. January 24, 2012 - Longevity Study Lives On
  4. January 30, 2012 - Long-lived people distinguished by DNA
Background, Background


3D genetics

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Fruitfly genome mapped in three dimensions
Background


DNA enzymes

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Can DNA Self-replicate?
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Avalanche of reactions at the origin of life
Background


Neutrophils

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - How immune cells move against invaders
Background


Non-coding RNA and neurodegeneration

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Researchers find mutation causing neurodegeneration
Background


Memory T cells

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Immune system memory cells have trick for self preservation
Background


Protein aggregation and cell aging

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - New Discoveries in Cell Aging - also here
Background, Background


Epigenetics

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Decoding DNA's annotations
Background


Alcohol and longevity in C. elegans

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Tiny amounts of alcohol dramatically extend a worm's life, but why?
Background


Mathematical modeling of animal fat storage

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Why bats, rats and cats store different amounts of fat
Background


Anti-cancer activity of NK cells

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - A new way to stimulate the immune system and fight infection
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. January 22, 2012 - Victory for crowdsourced biomolecule design - also here
  2. January 24, 2012 - Crowd-sourced biotech: gamers tweak protein, give it big activity boost
  3. January 25, 2012 - Foldit gamers improve protein design through crowdsourcing
Background


Origins of aerobic respiration

References:
  1. January 22, 2012 - New study sheds light on evolutionary origin of oxygen-based cellular respiration
Background


Innate response activator B-cells

References:
  1. January 22, 2012 - New bug-fighter cell may force immune response rethink
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Canine impulse control

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Is Your Dog a Zen Master?
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Arm in plaster changes brain in 16 days
  2. January 17, 2012 - Crippled arm leads to changes in brain
  3. January 22, 2012 - The price of your soul: How your brain decides whether to 'sell out' - also here
  4. January 24, 2012 - Profit vs. Principle: The Neurobiology of Integrity
Background


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Sleep preserves and enhances unpleasant emotional memories
Background, Background


Color perceptions

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Red-Green & Blue-Yellow: The Stunning Colors You Can't See
Background


Genetic influence on cognitive stability

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Life-long intelligence in the genes
  2. January 19, 2012 - Lasting Intelligence
  3. January 19, 2012 - Cognitive ageing is partly in the genes
  4. January 19, 2012 - Genetic study offers clues to how intelligence changes through life
  5. January 19, 2012 - Genes for lifetime intelligence probed
Technical papers:
  1. Genetic contributions to stability and change in intelligence from childhood to old age
Background, Background


Behavioral priming

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Behavioral priming paradigm needs update
  2. January 19, 2012 - To 'think outside the box', think outside the box
Background


GABA neurons and prediction error

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Study shows how neurons interact, could lead to new treatment for addiction
Background


Sleep deprivation and appetite

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Lack of sleep makes your brain hungry
Background


Stress, cortisol, and obesity

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Weighing up the causes of obesity
Background, Background


Language and ambiguity

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Cognitive scientists develop new take on old problem: why human language has so many words with multiple meanings
Background


Autism

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - New research suggests birth weight plays a role in autism spectrum disorder
  2. January 20, 2012 - Autism redefined: Yale researchers study impact of proposed diagnostic criteria
Background


Visual food cues and ghrelin levels

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - External stimuli control the hormonal regulation of our eating behavior
Background


Brain influence on allergic response

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Mind can control allergic response
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Disrupted body clock may prime you for schizophrenia
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Studies help clarify the role of lapatinib and trastuzumab in treating HER2 positive breast cancer
  2. January 16, 2012 - New indicator may help identify patients with increased risk from throat cancer
  3. January 16, 2012 - Fluorescent dye pinpoints tiniest signs of oesophageal cancer
  4. January 17, 2012 - Cell signaling key to stopping growth and migration of brain cancer cells
  5. January 17, 2012 - Novel treatment for skin lymphoma
  6. January 17, 2012 - How immune cells destroy cancer cells: Researchers elucidate mechanism
  7. January 17, 2012 - Cell death researchers identify new Achilles heel in acute myeloid leukemia
  8. January 17, 2012 - Computer algorithm used to identify bladder cancer marker
  9. January 17, 2012 - New colorectal cancer drug shows promise in study
  10. January 18, 2012 - Study pinpoints and plugs mechanism of AML cancer cell escape
  11. January 18, 2012 - Study uncovers mechanism by which melanoma drug accelerates secondary skin cancers
  12. January 18, 2012 - Novel gene mutations associated with bile duct cancer
  13. January 18, 2012 - Aspirin merits testing for prevention of cervical cancer in HIV-infected women
  14. January 18, 2012 - Solving the mystery of an old diabetes drug that may reduce cancer risk
  15. January 18, 2012 - The link between TB and a gene mutation that causes lung cancer
  16. January 18, 2012 - Drug improves survival of colorectal cancer patients, trial results show
  17. January 19, 2012 - Researchers engineer a switch to tame aggressive cancers
  18. January 19, 2012 - Abnormal chromosome indicator of treatment and outcome in patients with rare brain tumor
  19. January 19, 2012 - Comparison of effects of red wine versus white wine on hormones related to breast cancer risk
  20. January 19, 2012 - Study examines drug resistance in ALK positive lung cancer
  21. January 19, 2012 - New test offers greater accuracy in early detection of colorectal cancer
  22. January 19, 2012 - Mechanism for more efficient cancer treatment decoded
  23. January 20, 2012 - Study showed oxaliplatin improved colon cancer patient survival
  24. January 20, 2012 - UH Case Medical Center offers new therapy for gynecologic cancer patients
  25. January 22, 2012 - Study identifies a cause of resistance to colon cancer treatment
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Researchers identify path to treat Parkinson's disease at its inception
  2. January 16, 2012 - Parkin larvae bring researchers closer to solving Parkinson's disease puzzle
  3. January 18, 2012 - New research reveals how alpha-synuclein interacts with cell membranes in Parkinson's disease
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - A genetic accelerator hits the gas on autoimmune diseases
Background


Prions

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Blood test for human form of mad cow disease developed
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Benefits of aspirin more modest than previously believed
  2. January 17, 2012 - Middle-aged men with upper-normal blood pressure at risk for AF
  3. January 17, 2012 - Studies uncover keys in sudden cardiac death
  4. January 17, 2012 - Is it the alcohol or polyphenols in red wine that decreases cardiovascular disease?
  5. January 17, 2012 - Study shows oxidants help maintain healthy blood pressure
  6. January 22, 2012 - Sweeping genetic analysis of rare disease yields common mechanism of hypertension
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Active lifestyle associated with less Alzheimer disease-related brain change among persons with APOE epsilon4 genotype
  2. January 20, 2012 - Study identifies a new way brain cells die in Alzheimer's disease
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. January 16, 2012 - Researchers identify potential new therapy approach for hepatitis C
  2. January 18, 2012 - Scientists show brain vulnerable to Hepatitis C virus
  3. January 19, 2012 - Combination of oral drugs suppresses common type of hepatitis C
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - The Benefits of Coffee
  2. January 20, 2012 - Saturated fatty acids lead to mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Researchers study how chemicals in drugs and around us impact stem cells
  2. January 17, 2012 - Brain support cells from umbilical cord stem cells
  3. January 19, 2012 - S. Korea approves sales of new stem cell drug
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Study reports greater brain activation after cognitive rehabilitation for MS
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 17, 2012 - Study finds that tumor cells can prevent cancer spread
  2. January 17, 2012 - Study reveals origins of esophageal cancer
  3. January 17, 2012 - Some breast cancer spread may be triggered by a protein, study shows
  4. January 18, 2012 - Scientists uncover novel mechanism of glioblastoma development
  5. January 18, 2012 - Cell softening could promote tumour growth
  6. January 19, 2012 - Cell senescence does not stop tumor growth
  7. January 19, 2012 - 'Pulverized' chromosomes linked to cancer? - also here
  8. January 19, 2012 - Why cholesterol-lowering statins might treat cancer
  9. January 19, 2012 - High risk oesophageal cancer gene discovered
  10. January 19, 2012 - Gender differences in liver cancer risk explained by small changes in genome
  11. January 19, 2012 - Inherited mutation links exploding chromosomes to cancer
  12. January 19, 2012 - Study reveals mechanism of lung-cancer drug resistance
  13. January 19, 2012 - Metastasis of pancreatic cancer in action
  14. January 19, 2012 - Study finds potential key to immune suppression in cancer
  15. January 20, 2012 - A chain reaction required to prevent tumor formation
  16. January 22, 2012 - Inflammatory mediator promotes colorectal cancer by stifling protective genes
  17. January 23, 2012 - Marooned Chromosomes Cause Cancer?
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 18, 2012 - Unveiling malaria's 'invisibility cloak'
  2. January 20, 2012 - Researchers report fundamental malaria discovery
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. January 19, 2012 - Researchers refine nanoparticles for more accurate delivery of cancer drugs
  2. January 20, 2012 - Gold nanorods could improve radiation therapy of head and neck cancer
  3. January 20, 2012 - Bismuth nanoparticles provide high fidelity images of breast tumors
  4. January 20, 2012 - Overcoming cancer drug resistance with nanoparticles
  5. January 21, 2012 - PRINTed nanoparticles deliver multiple punches to treat prostate cancer
  6. January 22, 2012 - Nanoparticle trick 'boosts body's vaccine response'
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - H5N1 virus targets pulmonary endothelial cells
Background


Sleep problems and metabolic disease

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Sleep problems increase risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity, study shows
Background, Background, Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. January 20, 2012 - Exposure to chemical found in personal care products may contribute to childhood obesity
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. January 22, 2012 - Vaccines to boost immunity where it counts, not just near shot site
Background


Copyright © 2012 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved